Collapsible portable covering-isolator for plant protection

FIELD: agricultural engineering.

SUBSTANCE: collapsible portable covering-isolator has carcass consisting of composite transverse frames including end and intermediate frames, ridge and longitudinal bars disposed between frames. Carcass has door frame in its end. Protective covering is fixed to carcass members. Curtain adapted for closing of covering entrance is made from material similar to that of protective covering. Upper part of transverse frame is made in the form of curved girder with lower horizontal belt. Guiding pins are rigidly fixed to girder ends in vertical plane. Lower part of transverse frame comprises two hollow columns within which guiding pins of girder are inserted from the top. Brackets with openings are rigidly fixed on pins at different levels in horizontal planes along column length. Each of supports is made in the form of cross-piece disposed in horizontal plane. Rod is attached to cross-piece from its underside, and guiding pin is inserted from the top, said rod being driven into ground and guiding pin being inserted into column from the bottom. Frames connecting bars are formed similar and equipped at their ends with pins-fingers disposed in bracket openings.

EFFECT: simplified construction and enhanced reliability in operation of covering.

23 cl, 18 dwg

 

The invention relates to agriculture and can be used in breeding in obtaining sterile analogues of agricultural crops, including tall, for example sunflower.

Known collapsible shelter for growing plants in greenhouses, including skeletons of the component parts, the reinforcing elements and the transparent cover.

The disadvantage of shelters is that they cannot provide reliable isolation of plants from representatives of entomofauna, and often are, or complex, or time-consuming in Assembly and disassembly, or fragile and do not provide repeated removal and transfer.

Closest to the claimed technical solution is prefabricated portable film shelter under the patent of the Russian Federation No. 2042316, A01G 9/14, publ. 27.08.1995,, bull. No. 24 (prototype). Known shelter contains mounted on a support, which is ground steel, or plastic, or wooden frame, made of composite transverse end and intermediate frames, ridge, longitudinal bars and spacer bars mounted between the frames, and having in the side of the door frame, on which a hinged door, and placed on the frame members and attached thereto a film of protective coating, which allows you to press the bottom to the traveler to the ground around the perimeter of the shelter using weights (stones, bricks) and which has at the end of the frame, provided with a door frame, vertical canopy, made of the same material as the protective coating that covers the entrance to the shelter due to the fact that strips the protective film overlap one another over a large area. The lower edge of the film is fixed to the bobbin, placed above the ground. When this transverse frame made of separate bars: building and wall. The bars are made of the nest, and on the transverse frames fixed centrifuge-guide rods, which can be either open or closed. Longitudinal beams are installed between frames with guaranteed clearance and rely on their edges on the bracket, which are cantilever mounted on the transverse frames. For connection of the frame elements between a lap cover provided is placed between the toothed discs with a Central hole. The teeth of these washers bent at right angle in opposite directions relative to the plane of the washers. The frame elements are thus connected fasteners. The connection of the frame elements can be performed without spacers by performing the mating surfaces of these elements gear. While the options are: teeth belong to the same element, and another element is made only holes or teeth, alternating with the holes, and others who belong as one element, and another, and are fixed by the contour of the teeth without the use of fasteners. The frame elements can be connected by means of screws and nails. On the spacer bars secured to the brackets with holes to accommodate centrifuge-guide rods. The brackets are fixed to timber studs. The brackets can be threaded holes in which are placed centrifuge-guides tightening screws with washers. Instead of brackets can be installed rods, between which is placed the plate. The frame can be connected to the bracket with the plate and fasteners. The shelter is equipped with a coupling device, which is intended for Assembly with the specified force frame elements.

In addition, under the film coating and on top of it are the strings passing through holes made in the bobbin case. Strings can be made of fishing line, twine or braid. Wooden frames are collected on marked the stove or in the Assembly jig in the hole washers and coaxially placed holes in the frames set bolts or centrifuge-guide rods, then these nodes are compressed using a bolted connection shock method or with the use of clamps, with the teeth of the washers embedded in the body of collected items. After that, the collected nodes are attached boltby and connections, or screws, or nails. Then the bolts and rods are removed from the holes, and the frame arrives at the Assembly. Are holes in the ground. In them install the frame. Then, starting from one of the end frames, sequentially install guide rods, ridge and spacer bars, then through the holes of the frames pass through the strings, which on the one hand attached to the end frame, and a loop on the opposite side miss a special loop, for example, from a fishing line that is threaded through the hole in the end frame. With this loop the string is stretched, its loop through the hole shown on the end surface of the frame and it is inserted crossmember. Then the loop goes. The gap between the frame and the spacer bar is set to "on", while the ridge bar may have landed from "on" to a certain gap. On the ridge beam with a given step are attached to the elements of the device for attaching the film to the frame. Upon further Assembly and disassembly of the greenhouse these elements remain in the ridge beams. Then the film is attached to the bobbin, and its opposite (film) edge to the ridge beam (using quick-release clamps). After that put in place the longitudinal bars, and the pit, in which frame installed, backfilled with soil, which is then compacted.

The disadvantage prototypebased primarily the complexity of the system connection of the frame elements between themselves and manufacturing, and during installation, dismantling, and insufficient durability of the shelter, a great complexity and duration of its Assembly and disassembly.

The objective of the invention is to provide a simple and sturdy design shelter-insulator, allowing multiple and rapid transfer it from one place to another, simplifying the manufacturing elements of the cover and its mounting and Dismounting, as well as providing a reliable protection against penetration of representatives of entomofauna in the shelter while conducting experiments with plants.

The purpose of the invention is to fast and durable connection of the frame elements to each other to use the "telescopic" type of connection and type "breeding with transverse and longitudinal bracing, and to increase the reliability of protection protection against penetration of pollinating insects inside it at the time of the occurrence there of the person in the canopy to create a closed vestibule.

The technical result of the invention is to simplify the design and increase the reliability of the shelter.

The technical result is achieved by the fact that in a shelter for the protection of plants containing mounted on a support that is included in the soil, metal frame, made of a composite cross-frames - end and intermediate ridge and longitudinal bars installed between frames, and having in the side of the door frame, placed on the elements to which RCAS and fortified it a protective coating, large enough to press it against the bottom edge to the ground around the perimeter of the shelter using the goods and which has at the end of the frame, provided with a door frame, a curtain for closing the entrance to the shelter, made of material similar to the protective coating according to the invention, each transverse frame consists of two parts: the upper, made in the form of a curved farm with the lower horizontal sash, the ends of which are rigidly fixed in the vertical plane down the guides, and in the horizontal plane at the ends of the farm and ridge point, a cantilever brackets in the form of slots with holes, the axes of which are parallel vertical planes, and the bottom made in the form of two hollow racks placed on top the guides farm and on which is rigidly fixed at different levels along the length of the rack in horizontal planes brackets with holes, similar to the brackets on the farms, with each of the supports is made in the form located in the horizontal plane crosses, to which the bottom is rigidly attached pointed from a free end of the rod, which is ground, and the top guide pin included in the rack from the bottom, rods connecting the frame made of the same and provided at the ends of the pins-fingers, placed in the holes of the brackets, which is nabity farm and rack frames and the protective cover is made from a mesh with openings, preventing penetration into the shelter pollinating insects and providing adequate ventilation, and the inner side is provided with elements for fastening it to the frame, this canopy has a placket with and on the inner side to him tightly attached on the contour of the door frame lining, the area of which exceeds the area of the frame and in which the cut is made with a clasp. The farm can be made from a shaped square tube. The alignment posts of the farm can be made of segments shaped tube with a cross section similar to the section of the pipe farm. Cross supports may be made of lengths of pipe similar to pipe the farm, which are fixed to each other at right angles. The alignment posts of the supports can be performed similarly to the guide pins farms. The rod attached to the cross supports of the bottom can be made of logs. Rack frames can be made of segments shaped tube of square cross section with a size of cross-section greater than the section of the pipe, from which the guide pins trusses and supports. Rack door frame can be made of segments shaped tube with a cross section similar to the uprights of the frames, and at the top are the guides mounted on the lower horizontal the belt end farm. The bars can be made of lengths of pipe similar to pipe the farm. Pins-fingers mounted on the ends of the bars may be made of timber with a cross-sectional diameter smaller than the rod bearings. Arms fixed on farms and rack frames can be made of segments shaped tube of square cross section, the upper wall of which is cut with education selenoamino guide and the cross-sectional dimension which is larger than the size of the cross-pipe, from which is made the bars, for example, cross sections of these pipes comprise: 30×30×1.5 mm and 35×35×1.5 mm, respectively. The brackets on the end farms can be installed on one side of the plane of the farm inside the shelter. The brackets on the intermediate farms can be installed in both directions from the plane of the farm coaxially to each other. The brackets on the rack end frames can be installed on each level at right angles to each other so that one of them is directed towards the intermediate frame, and the other in the direction of the vertical axis of the mechanical frame. The brackets on the uprights intermediate frames can be installed on each level coaxially to each other and are directed in opposite directions from the plane of the intermediate frame. Racks door frames can be supplied with brackets that are installed at different levels along the length of the stand is in a horizontal plane and directed toward the nearest stand of the end frame. The protective coating may be made from a fabric of polyamide and polyester monofilaments with openings not more than 220 μm. Elements of fastening of a protective cover to the frame can be made in the form of ribbons, attached by a specified increment to the inner surface of the cover along lines parallel to the curved portions of the farms, uprights, beams of the frame. Cut in the canopy may be made such that its lines are parallel, at least two intersecting sides of the door frame. Cut in the canopy may be provided with a fastener of the type "Velcro". The lining of the canopy can be made of lighter and softer material than the canopy, for example from light silk fabric. Cut in the lining of the canopy can be made vertical and is parallel to the centerline of the door frame, and the bottom boundary is located above the lower border of attaching the lining to the canopy, with the formation of the threshold. Cut in the lining of the canopy may be provided with a fastener of the type "lightning".

Comparative analysis of the proposed technical solutions to the prototype allows us to conclude that the claimed folding-portable shelter-insulator differs from the known form of execution of the elements that form the links between the elements, as well as the material from which the element is made of the device. Thus, the claimed technical solution to the each transverse frame consists of two parts: the upper, made in the form of a curved farm with the lower horizontal sash, the ends of which are rigidly fixed in the vertical plane down the guides, and in the horizontal plane at the ends of the farm and ridge point, a cantilever brackets in the form of slots with holes, the axes of which are parallel vertical planes, and the bottom made in the form of two hollow struts (in the prototype, each transverse frame is made of separate beams - building and wall, the bars are made of the nest, and on the transverse frames - rods). In addition, the prototype of the canopy at the end of the armature closes the entrance to the shelter due to the fact that strips the protective film overlap one another over a large area, and the claimed technical solution the canopy has closed the clasp section and to the inner side of the canopy firmly attached along the contour of the door frame lining, which has an area larger than the area of the frame and which also made closing the clasp section. And another difference: in the prototype, the protective coating is made of the film, and the claimed technical solution of the mesh hole size, providing adequate ventilation and prevent the penetration of the shelter insect pollinators. Thus, the claimed technical solution meets the criteria of patentability NOWIS the A.

Exploring the level of technology in the process of conducting a patent search all kinds of information, public printing, we have not identified technical solutions, have announced the combination of distinctive features of the prototype characteristics. To the inventive combination of features of the device we came after repeated fabrication of prototypes of the shelter and its use in the experimental plots at creating clean lines of sunflower, each time improving the framework elements and their connections between each other, until he got a simple and rugged design for quick Assembly and disassembly and long term operation without breakdowns. Therefore, we can conclude that the proposed solution meets the patentability criteria of INVENTIVE step. The proposed solution meets and patentability criterion of INDUSTRIAL APPLICABILITY, since it can be used in agriculture in plant breeding, for example, sunflower. And in addition, in the description of the invention presents the means by which it is possible to implement technical solutions in the form as it is described in the independent claim.

Figure 1 shows the frame of the FOLDING-PORTABLE SHELTER-FACILITY FOR PLANT PROTECTION, General view, in perspective view; figure 2 - section AA in figure 1; figure 3 - cross-section B-B in figure 1; figure 4 is a view of G in figure 1; figure 5 is a view along arrow b In figure 1; figure 6 - section d-D in figure 1; figure 7 is a view of E in figure 1, Fig - type W in figure 1; figure 9 - section C-C in figure 1; figure 10 - section And in figure 1.

The shelter includes a frame 1 made of the end 2 and intermediate 3 transverse frames, the ridge 4 and 5 longitudinal bars. At the end of the frame is made of a door frame 6, each transverse frame consists of two parts: the upper, made in the form of a curved farm 7 with the lower horizontal belt 8, provided at the ends of the guide pins 9 (6), mounted in a vertical plane down and bottom, made in the form of two hollow struts 10, in which the top includes guide pins farm 9 (6). On upright transverse frame rigidly fixed cantilever at different levels along the length of the rack in horizontal planes brackets 11 (figure 4, 5, 7) in the form of slots with holes, the axes of which are parallel vertical planes. The same brackets supplied and each farm at the ends (figure 10) and the ridge (figure 2). Between the transverse frames are ridge 4 and 5 longitudinal bars, which are made the same and provided at the ends of the pins-fingers 12 within the openings of the brackets 11 (2, 3, 9).

The frame is installed on the supports, each of which is made in the form located horizontally in the plane of the spider 13, to which the bottom is rigidly attached pointed from a free end of the rod 14, which is ground, and above the guide pin 15, which is a rack 9 transverse bottom frame (Fig). On the frame is placed a protective coating 16, made of mesh with openings, providing adequate ventilation and prevent the penetration of the shelter pollinating insects, and equipped with the inner sides of the elements attaching it to the frame. The shelter has an end, provided with a door frame 6, the canopy 17 of the same material as the protective coating, having closed the clasp section. To the inner side of the canopy firmly attached along the contour of the door frame lining, which has an area larger than the area of the door frame and which also made closing the clasp section.

EXAMPLE (see 11-18).

It was made FOLDING-PORTABLE SHELTER-INSULATOR TO PROTECT PLANTS sunflower size 5000×30000×2250 mm Frame shelter contained 13 transverse frames (2 - front and 11 - intermediate), 2 hours door frame 28 supports, 92 bars (12 - skating, 72 - intermediate and 8 - end). The frame was made of metal - steel grade St3: the farm, the guides farms, cross supports, the guide pins attached to the crossbar supports top bars - segment shaped tube square. what were the dimensions of the cross section 30× 30×1.5 mm, and the rack transverse frames, racks door frames and brackets from a pipe with cross-section dimensions 35×35×1,5 mm

The rods attached to the crosses bottom supports were made of logs ⊘ 22 mm, length 300 mm, and the pins-fingers, attached to the ends of the boards from logs ⊘ 8 mm, length 50 mm Long lengths of pipe for guiding pins farms, the guide pins supports for bars, crosses, racks transverse frames and brackets were taken equal to 50 mm, 50 mm, 250 mm, 550 mm, 2000 mm and 50 mm, respectively. The opening in the lower wall of each bracket was made ⊘ 9 mm Brackets on the end farms were installed on one side of the plane of the farm - inside cover (2, 10), and intermediate farms in both directions from the plane of the farm coaxially to each other (figure 3). The brackets on the uprights of the end frames were installed on each level along the length of the rack at right angles to each other so that one of them was pointing towards the intermediate frame, and the other in the direction of the vertical axis of the end frame (Fig.9), and on the desks of the intermediate frame, the brackets were installed on each level along the length of the rack coaxially to each other and are directed in opposite directions from the plane of the frame (figure 4), on racks door frames towards the nearest rack end frame (7). The protective coating was made (stitched) of the TC is to either sit from polyamide and polyester monofilaments, ARTICLE 35 with a nominal hole size 219 μm. To the inner side of the grid were sewn ribbon along lines parallel to the frame members with a step equal to 500 mm Incision in the canopy was designed so that its lines are parallel to the two intersecting sides of the door frame (right and bottom sides), and was provided with a fastener of the type "Velcro". Lining the inner side of the canopy was made of more lightweight and soft material, rather than canopy - light silk fabric and cut in the lining was made vertical, parallel to the centerline of the door frame, and the bottom boundary was located above the bottom border of attaching to the lining of the canopy 100 mm and was provided with a fastener of the type "lightning". When this curved part of the farms produced on a machine with a mechanical movement of the bending roller, a rack transverse frames and beams - cutting machine, the pins fingers for subsequent fastening them to the bars on a lathe, on sections of the pipe bracket top wall cut on a milling machine, the holes in the brackets were performed on drilling machine. All rigid connection (alignment posts - with all farms; two guide pins for door frame with the lower horizontal belt end farm; the guide pins with crosses supports; pin-finger - bars; cronstein is - with all farms with free style tops farms, rack frames, rods, incoming in the ground, with crosses supports) were performed by welding.

The frame Assembly was carried out as follows. First conducted preliminary markings on the ground (on the field) conditional points for support of the shelter. This made the stencil from the rope with a diameter of 5 mm was Then carried out by the driving poles into the ground at these points. Then connected the farm to the racks were installed in the farm with racks (cross frame) and connected them to the bars. In the assembled skeleton stretched sewn protective coating inside and tied it to the frame elements ribbons, sewn to the floor in increments of 500 mm along the lines parallel to the frame elements. When removing the cover of the operation carried out in reverse order.

The performance of each transverse frame skeleton of the compound (in the form of a bent farm, provided at the ends of the guide posts, and two hollow pillars, the top of which includes guide pins farms, as well as the implementation of supports in the form of crosses, equipped with top of the guide pin within the rack from the bottom, is a telescopic type of connection elements and provides an easy and quick Assembly of the transverse frames of the frame. Cantilever fixing brackets at the ends of the trusses on their ridge tops, racks, frames, and performing brush is in with pins-fingers at the ends provides an easy and quick Assembly of the frame as a whole. The implementation of the brackets in the form of slots with holes, the axes of which are parallel vertical planes, including a pin-fingers beams, provides longitudinal, transverse, and vertical fixation of the frame beams connecting the transverse frame, i.e. provides the structural strength of the skeleton and the reliability and speed of its Assembly and disassembly. Cross supports do not allow the latter to fall to the ground, the rod support provides reliable fastening it in the ground, and its tapered end accelerates the piling supports even in dense soil. The protective coating of the mesh hole size, preventing penetration into the shelter insect pollinators and providing adequate ventilation, provides reliable protection of flowering plants from the representatives of the insect fauna that can cause the alien pollen.

Supply of protective coating from its internal side fasteners to the frame provides the simplicity and strength of attachment of the coating to last. While supply of the canopy from its internal side lined with closed zipper sections and within the canopy, and in the lining ensures reliable protection protection against penetration of pollinating insects inside it at the time of the occurrence there of the person.

So, the totality of the claimed features of the invention PR is the goal and the solution of the task.

1. Folding-portable shelter-insulator for protection of plants, containing mounted on a support that is included in the soil, metal frame, made of a composite cross-frames - end and intermediate ridge and longitudinal bars installed between frames, and having in the side of the door frame, placed on the frame elements and fortified it a protective coating, which allows you to press it against the bottom edge to the ground around the perimeter of the shelter using the goods and which has at the end of the frame, provided with a door frame, a curtain for closing the entrance to the shelter, made of material similar to the coating of, characterized in that each transverse frame consists of two parts: the upper, made in the form of a curved farm with the lower horizontal sash, the ends of which are rigidly fixed in the vertical plane down the guides, and in the horizontal plane at the ends of the farm and ridge point, a cantilever brackets in the form of slots with holes, the axes of which are parallel vertical planes, and the bottom made in the form of two hollow racks placed on top the guides farm and on which is rigidly fixed at different levels along the length of the rack in horizontal planes brackets with holes, similar the brackets on farms, is that each of the supports is made in the form located in the horizontal plane crosses, to which the bottom is rigidly attached pointed from a free end of the rod, which is ground, and the top guide pin included in the rack from the bottom, rods connecting the frame made of the same and provided at the ends of the pins-fingers placed in the holes in the brackets provided with the farm and the rack frame, and the protective cover is made from a mesh with openings, preventing penetration into the shelter pollinating insects and providing adequate ventilation, and the inner side is provided with elements for fastening it to the frame, this canopy has a placket with and on the inner side to him tightly attached along the contour of the door frame lining, the area of which exceeds the area of the frame and in which the cut is made with a clasp.

2. The shelter according to claim 1, characterized in that the farm is made from a shaped tube of square section.

3. The shelter according to claim 1, characterized in that the guide pins of the farm is made of segments shaped tube with a cross section similar to the section of the pipe of the farm.

4. The shelter according to claim 1, characterized in that the cross supports are made from lengths of pipe similar to pipe the farm, which are fixed to each other at a right angle.

5. The shelter according to claim 1, characterized in that the guide pin supports are made similarly to the guide pins farms.

6. The shelter according to claim 1,characterized in that that the terminal is attached to the cross supports on the bottom, made of logs.

7. The shelter according to claim 1, characterized in that the rack frame is made of segments shaped tube of square cross section with a size of cross-section greater than the section of the pipe, from which the guide pins trusses and supports.

8. The shelter according to claim 1, characterized in that the uprights of the door frame are made of segments shaped tube with a cross section similar to the uprights of the frames, and at the top are the guides mounted on the lower horizontal belt end farm.

9. The shelter according to claim 1, characterized in that the bars are made of lengths of pipe similar to pipe the farm.

10. The shelter according to claim 1, characterized in that the pin-fingers mounted on the ends of the bars, made of logs with a cross-sectional diameter smaller than the rod bearings.

11. The shelter according to claim 1, characterized in that the brackets fixed on farms and racks, frames, made of segments shaped tube of square cross section, the upper wall of which is cut with education selenoamino guide and the cross-sectional dimension which is larger than the size of the cross-pipe, from which is made the bars, for example cross-sections of these pipes is 30×30×1.5 mm and 35×35×1.5 mm, respectively.

12. The shelter according to claim 1, characterized in that the brackets on the end farms installation is Lena from one side from the plane of the farm - inside the shelter.

13. The shelter according to claim 1, characterized in that the brackets on the intermediate farms installed in both directions from the plane of the farm coaxially to each other.

14. The shelter according to claim 1, characterized in that the brackets on the uprights of the mechanical RAM installed on each level at right angles to each other so that one of them is directed towards the intermediate frame, and the other in the direction of the vertical axis of the end frame.

15. The shelter according to claim 1, characterized in that the brackets on the uprights intermediate frames are installed on each level coaxially to each other and are directed in opposite directions from the plane of the intermediate frame.

16. The shelter according to claim 1, characterized in that the rack door frame equipped with brackets that are installed at different levels along the length of the rack in a horizontal plane and directed toward the nearest stand of the end frame.

17. The shelter according to claim 1, characterized in that the protective cover is made from a fabric of polyamide and polyester monofilaments with openings not more than 220 microns.

18. The shelter according to claim 1, characterized in that the fastening elements of the protective coating to the frame made in the form of ribbons, attached by a specified increment to the inner surface of the cover along lines parallel to the curved portions of the farms, uprights, beams of the frame.

19. The shelter according to claim 1, characterized in that the incision in the canopy you Olsen such his lines are parallel, at least two intersecting sides of the door frame.

20. The shelter according to claim 1, characterized in that the incision in the canopy is equipped with a clasp-type "Velcro".

21. The shelter according to claim 1, characterized in that the lining of the canopy is made of more lightweight and soft material than the canopy, for example from light silk fabric.

22. The shelter according to claim 1, characterized in that the incision in the lining of the canopy is made vertical and is parallel to the centerline of the door frame, and the bottom boundary is located above the lower border of attaching the lining to the canopy with the formation of the threshold.

23. The shelter according to claim 1, characterized in that the incision in the lining of the canopy is equipped with a clasp type "lightning".



 

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Greenhouse // 2249344

FIELD: agriculture, in particular, constructions for protected ground.

SUBSTANCE: greenhouse has carcass for longitudinal walls, end panels and roof, light-transparent material for covering carcass openings, with part of carcass openings being adapted for closing and opening to provide for ventilation of green house interior, and drive for unit adapted to provide for automatic ventilation. Carcass openings are made in the form of air vents. Drive for automatic ventilation unit is equipped with system of levers pivotally secured to one another and to air vent flaps and rigidly fixed on member for securing of vacuum pipe with counterweight.

EFFECT: simplified construction and increased efficiency in creating of advantageous conditions.

2 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: block is composed of transparent cylindrical cups produced by cutting off of throats from used plastic bottles. Columns of cups are positioned tightly one aside the other into frame equipped with device for attachment to other similar frame. Frame has plates arranged in lower and upper part of frame and provided with beads. Restricting plates are arranged at both sides of frame. One of plates is made movable and connected by side couplers to immovable plate.

EFFECT: simplified building of hothouses and greenhouses of different shape and sizes.

2 cl, 1 dwg

Greenhouse // 2239986
The invention relates to the field of agricultural cultivation of plants in greenhouses and can be used, in particular, in the construction of greenhouses for production of various vegetable, fruit, medicinal and flower crops in conditions of artificial microclimate under the translucent coating

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: block is composed of transparent cylindrical cups produced by cutting off of throats from used plastic bottles. Columns of cups are positioned tightly one aside the other into frame equipped with device for attachment to other similar frame. Frame has plates arranged in lower and upper part of frame and provided with beads. Restricting plates are arranged at both sides of frame. One of plates is made movable and connected by side couplers to immovable plate.

EFFECT: simplified building of hothouses and greenhouses of different shape and sizes.

2 cl, 1 dwg

Greenhouse // 2249344

FIELD: agriculture, in particular, constructions for protected ground.

SUBSTANCE: greenhouse has carcass for longitudinal walls, end panels and roof, light-transparent material for covering carcass openings, with part of carcass openings being adapted for closing and opening to provide for ventilation of green house interior, and drive for unit adapted to provide for automatic ventilation. Carcass openings are made in the form of air vents. Drive for automatic ventilation unit is equipped with system of levers pivotally secured to one another and to air vent flaps and rigidly fixed on member for securing of vacuum pipe with counterweight.

EFFECT: simplified construction and increased efficiency in creating of advantageous conditions.

2 dwg

Greenhouse guard // 2251251

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention can be used in greenhouses and other sheltered ground constructions. Proposed guard for greenhouse containing multiple-layer guard with air spacer and glass roof, light transparent polymeric air bottles are placed between layers. Edges of film panels are fixed in detachable semirigid combination cords and are secured in sockets found on roof of greenhouse. Thanks to it control of heat protective characteristics of roof depending on weather conditions is provided.

EFFECT: reduced labor input when mounting film coating on roof of greenhouse.

5 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: covering and packaging materials.

SUBSTANCE: covering synthetic material is three-layer polyethylene film. Two layers define hermetically sealed cylindrical cavities secured with each other along generatrix lines. Third flat layer is attached to cylinders along tangent generatrix lines. Return valve is built into each of said cylinders for filling, retaining and relieving of air. On maximal filling of cylinders with air, material obtains constructional properties helpful in constructing of flat and three-dimensional temporary sheds providing "hot-house" effect. Upon complete relieving of air from cylinders, material is wound into compact roll.

EFFECT: improved heat-insulating and physical properties of material without affecting solar radiation permeability.

4 dwg

Greenhouse // 2259036

FIELD: agriculture, in particular, plant growing in protected ground.

SUBSTANCE: greenhouse has at least one greenhouse unit equipped with irrigation device. Greenhouse unit has ventilation device and soil heating device. Automatic control system for controlling said devices has at least one temperature sensor and at least one moisture content sensor, whose outputs are connected through amplifiers-converters to part of inputs of arithmetic-logic device adapted for receiving signals generated by said sensors, comparing resulting data with control data and generating control signals for switching-on said devices. Other part of arithmetic-logic device inputs is connected to outputs of replaceable permanent memory unit wherein program for selected climatic zone and program for growing of selected plant of this climatic zone are recorded. Third part of inputs is connected to position outputs for members of said devices, whose inputs are connected through control unit and amplifiers-converters to outputs of arithmetic-logic device and to inputs of indication unit. Voltage of 12 V is supplied to automatic control unit.

EFFECT: increased efficiency in growing wide range of plants of any climatic zone with automatic system for controlling of irrigation, ventilation and heating procedures.

5 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: agriculture; protection of plants against unfavorable weather.

SUBSTANCE: load-bearing members of greenhouse roof are made in form of flexible cords fastened with film guard and suspended in taut state between end uprights on which they may be moved, freely fitted and taken off. Film guard is provided with drain recesses having semispherical holes in lower part. Some recesses are provided with drain valves made in form of two rings inserted one into other and section of film sleeve laid in between rings.

EFFECT: enhanced efficiency; reduction of labor consumption; possibility of mounting temporary multi-layer guard in case of light frost.

4 cl, 7 dwg

FIELD: agriculture; growing plants at lesser consumption of electrical and thermal energy due to extended range of utilization of solar energy.

SUBSTANCE: proposed greenhouse complex includes base, transparent heat-insulating dome-shaped coat with round transparent heat-insulation aperture in center. Coat is secured on load-bearing supports mounted vertically on base; it is manufactured from roofing blocks made from light-tight material at low heat conductivity and provided with through holes in form of truncated cones or pyramids coated from the inside with beam-reflecting material with their vertices directed inside or outside the coat. Holes are closed with inserts from the outside and inside which are made from thin transparent material; surfaces of said blocks directed inside coat and not occupied by through holes and technological holes are coated with beam-reflecting material. Areas with plants being cultivated, main and auxiliary technological equipment and plant life support systems are located inside coat and helio-absorbing heat accumulating reservoir consists of two vessels: one of them is filled with water and is mounted on base in center of coat and other is mounted coaxially inside first one and is insulated at sides and from beneath with low-conductivity material. Second vessel is closed at the top by its own transparent heat-insulating coat and is filled with common salt, for example. Two light reflectors which are cooled with water are made in form of truncated cones or truncated polyhedral pyramids. First of them with outer side light-reflecting surface is mounted with vertex downward above coat, coaxially with it. Second reflector is hollow; it is provided with light-reflecting surfaces; it is mounted coaxially relative to first reflector with vertex upward inside coat above helio-absorbing heat-insulating reservoir. Flat beam-reflecting panels located on area adjoining the coat concentrically relative to it are arranged in two rows. Each said panel is mounted on output link of its two-coordinated swivel mechanism provided with controllable drive. Base of drive is secured on bearing strut vertically mounted on ground surface. Provision is made for additional energy channel together with two said light reflectors which is made in form of flux of sun beams reflected by beam-reflecting panels of helio-absorbing heat-accumulating reservoir concentrated and directed downward. If necessary, it may be spread over entire surface. Controllable drives of two-coordinate swivel mechanisms are connected by their inputs to output of automatic control unit realized at base of computer center. Electrical inputs of center are connected with sensors of media contained in helio-absorbing heat accumulating reservoir and in space under coat, as well as with wind velocity and direction sensors and with coordinate position sensors of two-coordinate swivel mechanisms.

EFFECT: reduced power requirements at intensified growth of plants due to extended range of utilization of solar energy.

13 cl, 13 dwg

Covering for plants // 2268580

FIELD: agriculture, in particular, covering used for farm crops on home ground or farm, as well as in agricultural collective farms.

SUBSTANCE: covering for plants consists of uniform parts, that is, flat flexible arched members, which are mounted on base in pairs one above another in intersecting relationship, at an angle to each other. Flat flexible arched members are connected with one another through flexible members at points of intersection of arched members and between adjacent pairs.

EFFECT: simplified construction, reduced number of different-type completing parts, improved unification, and reduced costs for manufacture of covering construction.

3 dwg

Garden frame // 2319370

FIELD: growing of farm crops in ground protected from environment and creation of optimum microclimate for plants.

SUBSTANCE: garden frame has carcass made from profiled metal parts connected with one another through screw-type fastening members. Poles are fixed on ground-buried supports. Horizontal longitudinal girders are connected to poles so as to form cells. Inclined and horizontal cross-pieces are connected to each other and to ceiling poles so as to define principal triangular framework. Roof panels of enclosure carry girders. Frame is furnished with pivotal transoms having light-transmitting film covering. Transoms are designed to be opened and fixed in closed position. Transoms pins of rotation are retained on inclined girders. Retainers are located on girders connecting inclined cross-pieces. Each of said inclined cross-piece is made of corner metal profile and consists of two parts with upper and lower arrangement of corner strips.

EFFECT: increased efficiency and enhanced reliability in operation of covering.

2 cl, 12 dwg

FIELD: agricultural engineering.

SUBSTANCE: collapsible portable covering-isolator has carcass consisting of composite transverse frames including end and intermediate frames, ridge and longitudinal bars disposed between frames. Carcass has door frame in its end. Protective covering is fixed to carcass members. Curtain adapted for closing of covering entrance is made from material similar to that of protective covering. Upper part of transverse frame is made in the form of curved girder with lower horizontal belt. Guiding pins are rigidly fixed to girder ends in vertical plane. Lower part of transverse frame comprises two hollow columns within which guiding pins of girder are inserted from the top. Brackets with openings are rigidly fixed on pins at different levels in horizontal planes along column length. Each of supports is made in the form of cross-piece disposed in horizontal plane. Rod is attached to cross-piece from its underside, and guiding pin is inserted from the top, said rod being driven into ground and guiding pin being inserted into column from the bottom. Frames connecting bars are formed similar and equipped at their ends with pins-fingers disposed in bracket openings.

EFFECT: simplified construction and enhanced reliability in operation of covering.

23 cl, 18 dwg

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