Method of and device for treatment of cordage and treatment compound
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to cordage protected from action of external medium. Proposed method of treatment includes application of treatment compound with gradually winding off cordage article submerged in said compound and pulling article through compound at speed providing required preset depth of impregnation. Then cordage article is passed through draw plate and squeezed out. Squeezed out article is wound on drum. Temperature of treatment compound is maintained at level of 70-75°. Compound contains paraffin. Use is made of degreased paraffin into which mineral oil is additionally introduced at the following ratio of components, mass %: degreased paraffin 85-90; mineral oil 15-10. Device is furnished with means for application of treatment compound made in from of cylindrical channel. Said channel is arranged coaxially to cylinder with heat carrier furnished with heat sensor and connected with reservoir for heating of heat carrier. Cylindrical channel for application of treatment compound is connected at one side with reservoir with heated treatment compound, and at other side it is furnished with draw arranged at outlet end of cylindrical channel. Device proper is furnished with winding off and winding on drums.
EFFECT: provision of cordage impregnated with treatment compound through entire thickness of article.
4 cl, 1 dwg
The invention can be used in industry to obtain and rope products, protected from the external environment.
A method of processing and rope products, allowing them impregnation (1. Application No. 2002132083).
The disadvantage of this method is that the impregnation is not the entire thickness of the product.
A device for processing yarns and threads, allowing you to apply technological drug product (2. Patent No. 2188883).
The disadvantage of this device is that the impregnation is not the entire thickness of the product and the device does not delete process of the drug from the surface.
The purpose of this invention is the implementation of impregnation and rope products for the entire thickness of the product and the cost-effective use of technological preparation.
This objective is achieved in that the method of processing and rope products, including the application of technological product with a gradual unwinding immersed in the technological preparation products and dragging it through the drug at a rate which provides the desired depth of impregnation, optionally after processing and rope products they passed through the die plate and press, the pressed product is wound on the drum, and the temperature of those the ideological preparation support at 70-75° C.
In the composition for treatment and rope products containing wax, used fat-free paraffin and impose additional mineral oil in the following ratio, wt.%:
- fat-free paraffin 85-90
- mineral oil 15-10.
The device implementing the method containing the means for applying technological product, made in the form of a cylindrical channel, the cylindrical channel is placed coaxially to the cylinder with coolant, equipped with a heat sensor and connected to the tank for heating the heat carrier, and a cylindrical channel for applying technological preparation is connected, on the one hand, with a capacity of heated technological preparation, and on the other hand, is equipped with Villeroy located at the output end of the cylindrical channel, and the device has smatyvayus and winding reel.
The drawing shows the implementation of the proposed method using the device for its implementation.
The device for implementing the method of impregnation and rope products includes: 1 - and rope product; 2 - cylindrical channel; 3 - cylinder with coolant; 4 - temperature sensor; 5 - capacity heated technological preparation; 6 - capacity to heat the fluid; 7 - return the pipe to drain the coolant; 8 - fil the RA; 9 - smatyvai drum; 10 - winding drum; 11 - coolant; 12 - technology product.
The way to handle and rope products is as follows. Through the cylindrical channel 2 push and rope product 1 with satyayuga drum 9 so that its end passed through the die plate 8, and is connected with the winding drum 10. After this cylindrical channel 2 fill heated to a liquid state technological preparation 12, a constant temperature which is supported by the carrier 11, the current flowing through the cylinder 3. The constancy of temperature of the heat carrier 12 is supported by the temperature sensor 4. After filling the cylindrical channel 2 technological preparation 12 slowly stretch and rope product 1, putting it on the winding drum 10. Thus, the surplus process of the drug 12 is removed and rope products by means of the die 8, which presses and rope product 1, and the remains of the technological preparation 12 remain in the cylindrical channel 2.
The device realizing this method of processing and rope products, works as follows. And rope product 1 is placed in a cylindrical drum 2 so that its front end is passed through the die plate 8 and fixed on Namath is that the drum 10. After this operation, the cylindrical channel 2 fill heated to a liquid state technological product 12, which is fed from the tank 5 with heated technological preparation 12. Then served in the cylinder 3 with the carrier 11 heated heat carrier 11 and include wire and rope products 1 due to the rotation of the winding drum 10. The temperature sensor 4 mounted on the cylinder 3 with the carrier 11, gives information about the temperature of the heat carrier 11 and delivers these data to the cylinder 3 with the carrier 11, which is heated heat carrier 11 while reducing its temperature below normal and switch off the heating when the desired temperature of the heat carrier 11. To create a uniform heat transfer from the heat carrier 11 to technological preparation 12 in the cylinder 3 with the carrier 11 create forced over by connecting the output portion of the cylinder 3 with the coolant return pipe 11 7 capacity 6 heating of the heat carrier 11. And rope product 1, passing through the die plate 8, wring out with the latest and laid on the winding drum 10 in a dry form. When pressed, the excess process fluid 12 will come back in a cylindrical channel 2, which ensures saving technological preparation 12. For full impregnation and rope products 1 speed protecao support within 1 meter per minute.
The application of this method using the device for its implementation allows to receive and rope products 1 impregnated technological preparation 12, for all thickness and rope products 1 dry with savings of technological preparation 12.
1. The way to handle and rope products, including the application of technological product with a gradual unwinding immersed in the technological preparation products and dragging it through the drug at a rate which provides the desired depth of impregnation, wherein after processing and rope products they passed through the die plate and press, the pressed product is wound on the drum, and the temperature of the technological preparation support at 70-75°C.
2. The composition for treatment and rope products, including paraffin wax, wherein the wax used fat-free and additionally enter the mineral oil in the following ratio, wt.%:
|the mineral oil||15-10|
3. The device contains a means for applying technological product, made in the form of a cylindrical channel, characterized in that the cylindrical Cana is placed coaxially to the cylinder with coolant, equipped with a heat sensor and connected to the tank for heating the heat carrier, and a cylindrical channel for applying technological preparation is connected with one side of the container with the heated technological preparation, and on the other hand is equipped with Villeroy located at the output end of the cylindrical channel, and the device has smatyvayus and winding reel.
FIELD: production of protecting and corrosion-resistant materials by impregnating fibrous base with antiseptic and corrosion-resistant compounds.
SUBSTANCE: material is made in the form of low-twist yarn of flat section from bast-fiber or mixed filaments having linear density of 1,500-3,500 tex and twist rate of 20-50 per 1 m. Yarn is reinforced with high-strength thread consisting of synthetic filaments having linear density of 60-120 tex or bast-fiber filaments having linear density of 200-600 tex. Rupture load of reinforcing thread is 30-60% of rupture load of yarn. Material is also impregnated with compound including 12-28 wt% of liquid non-volatile or low-volatile low-viscosity petroleum products used as filler, 0.2-1.5 wt% of product of reaction of aromatic hydrocarbons with isobutylene as antiseptic.
EFFECT: increased workability and covering capacity, high fungi-resistance and strength, in particular, on usage of jute filament and Capron thread, and impregnation compound based on transformer oil and antiseptic.
5 cl, 1 tbl, 12 ex
FIELD: textile industry, in particular lubrication of wood, wood fiber or mixtures thereof with synthetic fibers.
SUBSTANCE: claimed oil-based agent contains oleic acid and triethanolamine. As oily base transformer oil is used. Compositions may also contain one or two antistatics, emulsifier and doping agent. Moreover composition additionally contains 0.1 % ampicillin aqueous solution in ethanol in amount of 0.001 % (based on composition mass).
EFFECT: agent of improved physical and chemical characteristics, decreased foaming and delaminating, decreased corrosive activity and biological affect; reduced antistatic and emulsifier consumption.
4 cl, 4 tbl, 3 ex
FIELD: textile industry.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to technology of manufacturing sewing threads, in particular to treating sewing threads with composition to impart sweet-smelling properties, and can be used at thread enterprises manufacturing synthetic and cotton threads, which can be used for sewing clothes. Composition contains, wt %: paraffin 25-55, stearin 18-32, low-molecular weight methylvinylsiloxane rubber 20-33, bee wax 3-6, triethanolamine 3.5-4.9, and aromatizer 0.05-0,5.
EFFECT: improved consumer properties of product.
4 dwg, 2 tbl, 3 ex
FIELD: process and equipment for uniform application of processing medium onto rope type material in dyeing machine.
SUBSTANCE: method involves imparting rotational motion to rope type material within closed container by means of Venturi nozzle; feeding gaseous conveying medium through Venturi nozzle for subjecting rope type material to the action of liquid processing medium, which is fed into chamber separated from and out of contact with rope type material; applying processing medium supplied from individual chamber onto movable rope type material in an amount dependent upon time per unit of time; calculating time adjustable process for applying of processing medium onto rope type material from preliminarily created mathematical model; controlling order of application of processing medium onto rope type material in conformance with mathematical model. Also, apparatus for uniform application of processing medium onto rope type material is described in Specification.
EFFECT: increased efficiency in providing maximum uniform application of processing medium onto rope type material.
19 cl, 5 dwg
FIELD: textile industry, in particular, carbonization of wool fibers, may be used in preliminary wool fiber or yarn dyeing operations.
SUBSTANCE: method involves dividing bath into two chambers by means of partition having properties of fine filter for cleaning of water; introducing electrodes into both bath chambers; filling bath with water; introducing sulfites into bath chamber with positive electrode identified as anode chamber in an amount of 5-20 g/l, powder of amphoterous aluminosilicates: montmorillonite, kaolinite (anauxite), halloysite, beidellite, nontronite, talc, pyrophyllite in an amount of 1-30 g/l, one of said aluminosilicates, or random mixture thereof; supplying electric potential difference of 5-35 V to electrodes; charging wool fibers into bath; impregnating and holding wool fibers at temperature of 20-25 C during 10-25 min in 3-7.5%-aqueous solution of sulfuric acid; squeezing fibers to 70-100%; drying at temperature of 70-90 C; providing thermal processing at temperature of 100-115 C during 3-7 min; rinsing in cold water; neutralizing acid residues in fibers in 2%-solutions of sodium carbonate, ammonia or sodium acetate; additionally rinsing and discharging from bath.
EFFECT: reduced sizes and production costs of apparatus and increased carbonization effectiveness.
3 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: textile industry, in particular, process for dyeing of fibrous materials, more particular, protein and polyamide filaments with acidic and acidic metal complex dyes.
SUBSTANCE: method involves dividing bath into two zones by means of partition having properties of fine filter for water; introducing anode into larger zone and cathode into smaller zone; adding into water dye in an amount of 20-60 g/l, sulfite in an amount of 5-30 g/l, powder of amphoterous aluminosilicates: montmorillonite, beidellite, nontronite, kaolinite (anauxite), halloysite, talc in an amount of 1-30 g/l, each of said components or mixture thereof; holding fibrous materials in anode zone at constant voltage U=5-220 V on electrodes at water boiling temperature while providing water and fibrous material circulation using machined washing process during 0.3-0.6 hours; discharging from bath and squeezing filaments.
EFFECT: increased efficiency, reduced dyeing time, improved safety equipment conditions, and reduced costs for carrying out dyeing process.
FIELD: textile base contacting with skin and adapted for producing of cosmetic and rejuvenating effect.
SUBSTANCE: method involves producing stockings, panty-hose or any textile base contacting directly with skin and impregnated with slow-release natural substances by providing following steps: coloring said textile base; treating for imparting softness thereto by introducing combination of biomimetic phospholipids into common bath-tab, said combination including phospholipids GLA-borageamidopropyl PG-dimoniumchloride sodium phosphate in an amount constituting 1.5% of bath volume, phospholipids PCT - cocoamidopropyl PG-dimonium chloride phosphate in an amount constituting 1.5% of bath volume, said combination of phospholipids components facilitating in "attachment" of or impregnation with active substances through electrostatic process and being also antibacterial agent facilitating in regulation of bacterial flora; adding natural active substances to said two phospholipids components, with total amount of natural active substances constituting less than 2.10% of bath volume. Said step of imparting softness or impregnation step is carried out during about 35 min at temperature of from 35 C to 37 C. Natural active substances are found in algae extracts or iris family extracts.
EFFECT: enhanced cosmetic and rejuvenating effect.
8 cl, 1 dwg, 1 ex
FIELD: textile industry, in particular, peroxide whitening and alkaline cooking processes used in dyeing of cotton cloths.
SUBSTANCE: method involves dividing reservoir of material washing machine into two chambers by means of partition having fine filtering properties for fine filtering of water; introducing electrodes into said chambers; filling chambers with water, with running water being directed through chamber having positive electrode and called anode chamber, and water comprising, g/l: hydrogen peroxide 20-25, sodium silicate 15-20, surfactant 2-3, being directed through chamber having negative electrode and called cathode chamber; charging common salt into cathode chamber in an amount of 10-20 g/l; supplying electrodes with voltage of 5-35 V; charging cloths into cathode chamber for whitening and alkaline cooking; impregnating cloths in reservoir of material-washing machine at temperature of 85-95 C with aqueous solution of salts of indicated composition; steaming at temperature of 100 C; washing with hot and cold water.
EFFECT: reduced processing time, decreased costs of whitening and cooking processes, and improved safety of operating conditions.
FIELD: textile industry, in particular, cotton fabric washing after mercerization process in production of dyed textile materials.
SUBSTANCE: method involves dividing bath adapted for washing of cotton fabrics and supplied with running water into two chambers by means of partition featuring the properties of fine filter for water; introducing electrodes into both of said chambers; supplying voltage to electrodes for creating electric field having intensity E=20-200 V/m; changing voltage polarity on electrodes with periodicity of 1-5 min; washing cotton fabric within chamber of larger size during 5-20 min. Method allows electric field intensity and, correspondingly, voltage supplied to electrodes to be reduced and safety of washing process to be enhanced.
EFFECT: increased efficiency, reduced process time, decreased consumption of power and costs for washing of cotton fabrics after mercerization process, and improved safety of process.
FIELD: textile industry, in particular, cotton fabric cooking technology used in textile material dyeing process.
SUBSTANCE: method involves dividing fabric cooking reservoir of material washing machine, wherein fabric is impregnated, into two chambers by means of partition featuring properties of fine filter for water; introducing electrodes into said chambers; filling with water, said chamber with negative electrode, which is defined as cathode chamber, being filled with water containing (mg/l): sodium nitrate 3-5; sodium bisulfate 2-3; surfactant 1-2; charging the same cathode chamber with edible salt in an amount of 30-60 g/l; directing running water through chamber incorporating positive electrode; supplying electrodes with electric potential difference of 5-35 V; charging fabric into cathode chamber; impregnating fabric with cooking solution of indicated composition; squeezing fabric to moisture content of 100-110%; boiling in boiling cooking apparatus under saturated steam atmosphere at temperature of 100-105 C during 1 hour; washing with hot and cold water in material washing machine.
EFFECT: reduced expenses for cotton fabric cooking process, and improved safety conditions during fabric cooking process.
FIELD: textile industry, in particular, cotton fabric desizing process and equipment.
SUBSTANCE: method involves dividing bath adapted for desizing of cotton fabrics into two chambers by means of partition featuring the properties of fine filter for water; introducing electrodes into both of said chambers and filling bath with water; introducing into bath chamber of larger size incorporating positive electrode and used as anode chamber sulfites in an amount of 3-15 g/l, powder of amphoteric aluminosilicates: montmorillonite, beidellite, nontronite, kaolinite, halloysite, talc in an amount of 1-30 g/l, each component being introduced individually or in random mixture thereof; charging cotton fabrics into bath; supplying constant potential difference of 5-35 V to electrodes; impregnating and holding fabric in anode part of bath at temperature of 30-40 C during 0.5-5 hours; washing fabrics with cold water; discharging fabrics from bath and squeezing.
EFFECT: simplified construction and reduced production costs, increased efficiency, and improved safety during operation of apparatus.
3 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: textile industry.
SUBSTANCE: invention proposes sulfur dyes for dyeing cotton fabrics utilizing process consisting in impregnating fabric with sulfur dye, seaming, treating sheet with ozone-air mix, washing while simultaneously introducing ozone-air mix into wash water in order to remove dye from waste water, and drying.
EFFECT: intensified dyeing process, increased strength characteristics of dyed fabric, and performed cleaning of waste water.
1 dwg, 2 tbl
FIELD: textile industry, in particular, structure of fabric and method for producing such a fabric.
SUBSTANCE: fabric is manufactured by interweaving of warp and weft threads, with weft threads being combined thread including polyurethane core making 0.5-5.0% by weight of fabric, and twisted layer. Fabric is composed of thermally stabilized filaments. Warp threads and twisted layer are made from cotton filaments. Surface density of fabric is 75-435 g/m2, with number of warp threads per 10 cm making 154-446 and number of weft threads making 150-481. Method involves providing mutual interweaving of weft and warp thread systems; performing chemical processing, dyeing, printing and providing final finishing. Thermal stabilization process is carried out at temperature of 170-1900C for 40-90 s immediately before preliminary chemical processing or dyeing or printing process or before final finishing procedure.
EFFECT: convenient use and reduced manufacture costs.
3 cl, 1 tbl
FIELD: textile industry.
SUBSTANCE: method involves introducing foamed latex binder into formed yarn; providing thermal processing of resultant yarn; fully untwisting thermally processed yarn in direction opposite initial twisting direction; teasing untwisted yarn. Thermal processing of yarn comprising foamed binder ensures formation of maximal amount of bound portions at maximally compacted yarn structure to thereby facilitate in keeping of deformation properties of yarn upon further untwisting and teasing of untwisted yarn. With full untwisting of yarn, with bound portions being kept, cross section thereof is increased and density is reduced.
EFFECT: increased volume and improved thermal insulating properties of yarn.