Garden frame

FIELD: growing of farm crops in ground protected from environment and creation of optimum microclimate for plants.

SUBSTANCE: garden frame has carcass made from profiled metal parts connected with one another through screw-type fastening members. Poles are fixed on ground-buried supports. Horizontal longitudinal girders are connected to poles so as to form cells. Inclined and horizontal cross-pieces are connected to each other and to ceiling poles so as to define principal triangular framework. Roof panels of enclosure carry girders. Frame is furnished with pivotal transoms having light-transmitting film covering. Transoms are designed to be opened and fixed in closed position. Transoms pins of rotation are retained on inclined girders. Retainers are located on girders connecting inclined cross-pieces. Each of said inclined cross-piece is made of corner metal profile and consists of two parts with upper and lower arrangement of corner strips.

EFFECT: increased efficiency and enhanced reliability in operation of covering.

2 cl, 12 dwg

 

The invention relates to the field of agricultural cultivation of plants in greenhouses and can be used in the construction of greenhouses and garden greenhouses intended for the cultivation of various crops in the conditions of artificial microclimate under the translucent film covering.

Known greenhouse, consisting of sections interconnected directly and ridge beams, with each of the sections formed by two walls and one roof panels, which are made in the form of a rectangular frame of wooden beams or metal profile, covered with a transparent film (see useful model of the Russian Federation No. 1946, MPK A01G 9/20, publication 16.04.1996 year).

The disadvantage of this greenhouse is the inability to prevent a significant temperature reduction at night, cold time of day, as roof panels, made by "tightening small rectangular frames, protivokomarinaya grid cannot perform heat-shielding function.

Known greenhouse, containing racks, inclined and horizontal interconnected girders, supports, horizontal axis and vent swivel transom, while the upper part of the inclined beams are installed with a gap between them, and the distance from the horizontal axis to the horizontal crossbar equal the half of the width of the vent swivel transoms, and the lower ends of the inclined bars are located above the side racks (see the description of the invention to the author's certificate of the USSR No. 1183024, IPC A01G 9/14, publication 07.10.1985 year).

The disadvantage of this known construction of the greenhouse is the following.

The increase of the effective width of the hangar greenhouses to reduce the material intensity per unit area entails the inconvenience of operating the greenhouse staff. To circumvent this, you will need to do at least two longitudinal not occupied by plants of the track, which can negate the aforementioned advantage. In addition, in the greenhouse, it is not possible to use directly precipitation (rain), and the supply of irrigation water pump increases the total consumption of materials and energy costs.

The increase in "useful" width and, consequently, the "sail" reduces the reliability confrontation squally wind during the storm, and its increase can not do without strengthening steel structures and increasing material consumption.

Known greenhouse containing a frame made of profiled metal elements, in particular the vertical muntin bars and muntin bars roof purlins of the roof and runs side walls, ridge shape, ventilation, e.g. made of aluminum alloy, the frame elements are assembled with the use of sweep the transparent panels, manufactured from translucent plastic materials (see the description of the invention to the patent of Russian Federation № 2239986, IPC 01G 9/14, publication 20.11.2004,).

The disadvantage of this known greenhouse is a high intensity frame, "...consisting of profiled metal beams..." and the design complexity of the mechanism of opening and closing "ventilation", which significantly increases the cost of the greenhouse for most of the summer residents who do not have large incomes.

The task of the invention is the reduction of the material of the frame with sufficient reliability to withstand the heavy wind during storms and enabling direct use of natural precipitation as rain.

The technical result of the invention is to improve reliability of the shelter.

The technical result is achieved in that famous summer greenhouse, containing a frame made of profiled metal elements connected by a screw fasteners, which includes a rack, mounted on sunken into the ground supports, a horizontal longitudinal beams connected to the columns with the formation of cells, each of which is installed and fixed panel fencing with translucent film covering connected with struts sloping the horizontal beams overlap in the form of a triangular truss farm, United secured to the inclined beams purlin, load-bearing roof panel fencing, according to the invention is equipped with an adjustable transoms with translucent film coating, mounted with the possibility of opening and locking in the closed position, the axis of rotation of the transoms are fixed on the inclined beams, and the tabs on the girders connecting the inclined beams, each inclined crossbar from a corner of the metal profile is made consisting of two parts with an upper and lower location of the shelves of the area. The latch transoms can be made in the form of rotary screw fastener, interacting in position with one edge unbalanced transoms.

Unlike these counterparts transoms are mounted to rotate on inclined beams overlap in the closed position, are arranged over the entire area of planting, and the tabs transoms in the closed position, made in the form of rotary screw fastening elements mounted on the connecting inclined girders girders. Each inclined crossbar from a corner of the metal profile is made rigidly connected two parts, which differ in the location shelves area: one part is made with top shelf and the other with lower location.

The essential substance of the th of the invention is illustrated by drawings where:

figure 1 shows summer greenhouse, end view;

figure 2 is a view As in figure 1;

figure 3 - cross-section B-B in figure 2 (a partial view of the crossbars with the axis of rotation of the transoms);

figure 4 - section b-b In figure 2;

figure 5 - section G-g of figure 2;

figure 6 - section d-D figure 3;

figure 7 - node I in figure 1;

on Fig - section e-E figure 7;

figure 9 - section f-F in Fig 1;

figure 10 - section And figure 9 (a node image fixing transoms in the closed position);

figure 11 - section b-B (option);

on Fig - view To figure 11.

The proposed greenhouse contains racks 1 and 2, mounted on a wooden embedded in soil supports 3. Using screw fasteners racks are interconnected longitudinal purlin 4.

On racks attached interconnected in the form of a triangular truss farm inclined 5 and 6 and 7 horizontal and 8 bars. These elements of the greenhouse is made of metal angle profile, e.g. made from aluminium alloy. Racks and beams form a cell, which is installed and fixed panel 9 fence side walls of the greenhouse with transparent film coating.

The greenhouse is equipped with an adjustable transom 10, mounted on the crossbars 5 and 6 on both sides of the Central geometrical axis of the greenhouse with the possibility of opening and closing. Loop transoms made as per replenish them the supports 11, articulated with the axes 12 and 13, which are mounted on girders 5 and 6 with housings 14. Transoms are made attached to them by the panel 15 with translucent film coating. Each inclined beam is divided into a Central portion 16, is made with top shelf area, and the side part 17 with the bottom shelf location. At the junction of these parts is the axis of rotation of the transoms (figure 3 and 6).

The lower crossbars made teams: the side parts are made of angular profile, and the middle portion 18 is made of synthetic non-metallic material - laminated timber. (The middle part can be made of metal steel profile-strip, if the Assembly of the greenhouse are lifting mechanisms. To build manually the material angular profile choose aluminium alloy.)

For fixing each of the transoms in the closed position includes a node 19, made with a rotary screw-fastener element 20, interacting in position attached to the transom by a stop 21. Nodes 19 mounted on the girders 22, which in turn are connected by screw fasteners with each sloped transom. In the open position of the transom vertically (figure 1), which is provided by the unbalance transoms about the axis of rotation.

To rig the order 5 and 6, between the runs 22, fixed roof panel 23 with translucent film coating, in which openings are provided for rainwater in the gutter (not shown).

At the ends of the greenhouse to inclined and horizontal crossbar fixed panel gable 24, made as above panels with translucent film coating. To corner posts secured the lower cross girder 25 connected with the racks 25, in which the upper part is connected with a horizontal crossbar and form an opening for single-translucent doors (not shown). On both sides of the door opening fixed translucent panel 27.

To eliminate the gap between side walls of the greenhouse and transoms in the closed position and is provided fastened to the supporting nodes of the latch bolt plate 28. The material of the plates may be purely planed boards or synthetic material, wood - particle Board or fibreboard and other materials. To protect from atmospheric moisture plate is sealed (protected by plastic film, not shown).

Running fence side walls of a greenhouse can have options.

In one embodiment, used plastic film in the form of panels 29, secured to the plates 28. The rack 30 and the connecting beams 31 in this embodiment of the regiment and profile angle facing outward (11). Vertical joints of panels attached to the rack 30 by means of screw fasteners (connected with a threaded hole racks) and plates 32 (Fig). Plate 32 made of the same material as the plate 28.

The work of maintenance greenhouse summer residents is to maintain favorable for plant temperature and humidity inside the greenhouse. With prolonged cold snap front door and transom cover and watering produce slightly warmed rain water from a watering can. In bright sunlight, in order to prevent overheating, the greenhouse is ventilated by opening transoms and doors, and in the evening, when possible nighttime low temperature, transoms and doors closed.

When approaching "storm front", to prevent "hail", all transoms closed, and open them at a time when calm, warm rain, preventing waterlogging of the soil during prolonged heavy rain.

The design of the pair of edges transoms with "response" surfaces of the frame ensures the reliability of confrontation squally wind during the storm, because the axis of rotation of the transoms are not loaded (not subject to "wind load").

Thus, the present invention allows to maintain optimum plant temperature and humidity conditions at a small initial cost of construction and energos the expenses in the operation of the greenhouse.

1. Summer greenhouse, containing a frame made of profiled metal elements connected by a screw fasteners, which includes a rack, mounted on sunken into the ground supports, a horizontal longitudinal beams connected to the columns with the formation of cells, each of which is installed and fixed panel fencing with translucent film covering connected with racks inclined and horizontal beams overlap in the form of a triangular truss farm, United secured to the inclined beams purlin, load-bearing roof panel fencing, characterized in that it is equipped with an adjustable transoms with translucent film coating, mounted with the possibility opening and locking in the closed position, the axis of rotation of the transoms are fixed on the inclined beams, and the tabs on the girders connecting the inclined beams, each inclined crossbar from a corner of the metal profile is made consisting of two parts with an upper and lower location of the shelves of the area.

2. The greenhouse according to claim 1, characterized in that the latch transoms are made in the form of a rotary screw-fastener element, interacting in position with one edge unbalanced transoms.



 

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EFFECT: reduced power requirements at intensified growth of plants due to extended range of utilization of solar energy.

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FIELD: agriculture, in particular, covering used for farm crops on home ground or farm, as well as in agricultural collective farms.

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EFFECT: simplified construction, reduced number of different-type completing parts, improved unification, and reduced costs for manufacture of covering construction.

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FIELD: growing of farm crops in ground protected from environment and creation of optimum microclimate for plants.

SUBSTANCE: garden frame has carcass made from profiled metal parts connected with one another through screw-type fastening members. Poles are fixed on ground-buried supports. Horizontal longitudinal girders are connected to poles so as to form cells. Inclined and horizontal cross-pieces are connected to each other and to ceiling poles so as to define principal triangular framework. Roof panels of enclosure carry girders. Frame is furnished with pivotal transoms having light-transmitting film covering. Transoms are designed to be opened and fixed in closed position. Transoms pins of rotation are retained on inclined girders. Retainers are located on girders connecting inclined cross-pieces. Each of said inclined cross-piece is made of corner metal profile and consists of two parts with upper and lower arrangement of corner strips.

EFFECT: increased efficiency and enhanced reliability in operation of covering.

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EFFECT: simplified construction and enhanced reliability in operation of covering.

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