Thermal generator

FIELD: the invention refers to the field of power engineering particularly for heating living and industrial spaces and hot water supply.

SUBSTANCE: the essence of the invention is in that in the rotor of the centrifuge of the thermal generator on the unmovable axis under the angle of 90o there are firmly fixed unmovable discs on whose planes there are blank openings, and to the walls of the inner surface of the rotor under the angle of 90o relatively to the rotating axis of the rotor there are firmly fixed rotating discs with blank openings, between the unmovable and rotating discs there are gaps, working fluid from spray nozzles of the centrifuge in the shape of freely falling flow having passed through the hydraulic turbine comes to the capacity and the electric heater are fixed on the bottom.

EFFECT: allows increase efficiency of heating and reduce energy consumption.

6 dwg

 

The invention relates to the field of energy and can be used in generators for heating in residential and industrial buildings and for hot water.

Known heat (A.S. 1028972, CL IV, 11/00, published. 12.07.1983,), comprising a housing, a drive shaft, impeller, motor, piping.

The disadvantage is that it requires two types of energy sources - low pressure steam and electric current, which together makes the construction complicated and inefficient.

The closest analogue is a device to produce thermal energy, consisting of a body, tank, high pressure pump, motor, magnetostrictor, high-pressure pipelines. (Patent of Russian Federation №2254524, CL F24G, 3/00, publ. in bull. No. 17, 20.06.2005,)

The disadvantage is the closest analogue is the large power consumption and design complexity.

The purpose of the invention is to increase the heating efficiency of the working environment (i.e. coolant) and the reduction of energy consumption.

The objective is achieved due to the fact that the heat source for thermal energy, consisting of a body, a vessel for the working environment, motor, high pressure pump, pressure relief valve, piping, bearings, pressure gauge, according to the invention the rotor CE is trifuge on a fixed axis at an angle of 90° fixed fixed disks, the planes of which are blind holes (cells)and the inner wall surface of the rotor at an angle of 90° in relation to the axis of rotation of the rotor is rigidly fixed to the rotating disks, the planes of rotation which are blind holes (cells)between the stationary and rotating disks are gaps, and in the space formed by the rotating disks and the inner surface of the rotor, there is a zone of high pressure working fluid (medium), from which jets of the centrifuge in the form of free-fall flow through the turbine, enters the tank below the level of the working fluid (environment) in the vessel is a heat exchanger, and on the bottom fixed the heater.

The operation of the heat source based on the creation of pressure in the discharge cavity pump high pressure from one atmosphere up to one thousand atmospheres and heating the circulating fluid (environment) to a temperature of 20% lower (smaller) flash temperature of the working fluid (medium), and an increase in the heating temperature of the working medium (fluid) is carried out in stages and synchronously in the following order: the first stage - discharge cavity of the high-pressure pump, the second stage inside the centrifuge rotor in the gaps between the rotating and stationary disks, the third floor is p - additional increase in pressure, and hence the friction of the fluid (medium) from inertial forces directed from the axis of rotation of the rotor to its inner surface, the fourth stage - the use of the kinetic energy of the free-fall flow of the working fluid (medium), torque anchor generator, supplying power to the heater.

The technical result of the proposed heat source for heating of residential and industrial premises and hot water is achieved by:

- heat the working fluid (environment) in the process is generated by adjusting the pressure in the discharge cavity of the high-pressure pump and the pipeline connecting the cavity with the axis of the centrifuge,

- availability on the planes of rotation of the rotating discs, as well as on the surfaces of the stationary disks blind holes (cells), increasing the friction in the flow of the working fluid (environment) through the gaps in the rotor of a centrifuge

- additional increase in pressure, and hence the friction of the fluid (medium) in the area formed by the inner wall of the centrifuge rotor and the rotating disks

- due to the kinetic energy of the free-fall flow of the working fluid (medium), torque anchor generator.

Figure 1 shows a diagram of a centrifuge rotor with a reactive result is ω, figure 2 - diagram of the return of the working fluid (environment) in the form of free-fall flow through the turbine into the tank, figure 3 - device rotating disk, figure 4 - structure of fixed disk, figure 5 - location of areas of high pressure inside the centrifuge rotor, figure 6 - diagram of the direction of action of reactive forces.

The heat source consists of an electric motor 1 for driving the pump 2 high pressure oil receiver 3 to create pressure from zero to one thousand atmospheres and heating in the vessel 4 of the working fluid (medium) 5 (for example, motor oil for automotive diesel internal combustion engines, compressor oils and other liquids) to a temperature which is 20% less (lower) the temperature of the flash, throttle site, designed to adjust the heating of the working fluid (medium) consisting of actuator 6 for adjusting the opening of the valve the pressure relief device 41 and the establishment of the reading of the manometer 7 preassigned pressure in the discharge cavity of the high-pressure pump, and therefore, the working fluid (environment) to a temperature value below which 20% of the flash point.

For example, if the working environment is motor oil M 8 G2to, having a flash point 205° (LISCO G.P. Fuel, lubricating material is s and technical liquids. Chisinau. 1997. Str, tbl), the pressure gauge 7 should be such as to provide heating oil to temperature 164°C. If the working environment is used compressor oil To 28, having a flash point 270°With (Students V.M. Fuel, lubricants and technical liquids. - M.: Chemistry, 1989. Str, tabl.), the pressure must be such as to provide heating to a temperature of 220°etc.

The heat source consists of a pipeline 8 high pressure, having a different form (for example, a cylindrical coil) and intended for connection of the discharge cavity of the high-pressure pump with a centrifuge rotor, and to transfer heat from the working fluid (medium)flowing therein, the heat exchanger 34 through shirt which circulates in the direction 39,for example, water, antifreeze, oil, etc., channel 9 in the axis 10 to flow through the holes 11 into the internal cavity 12 of the working fluid (environment)of the rotor 13, the centrifuge 14 for messages rotating disks 22 of the rotational motion around the axis 10, blind holes (cells) 26 on the stationary planes 23 and rotating disks 22 to increase a flowing stream by the pointer 18 of the fluid (medium) in the gaps 38, and hence improve the efficiency of its heat through Windows 15 for leakage of working medium from the rotor to prostranstvo (cavity) 16, cylinder 17 to form a space (cavity)of the pointer 18 of the direction of flow of the working fluid (medium), nozzles nozzles 19 and 20 to generate reactive power 21, the bearings (e.g., resistant) 24 and 25, zone 27, in which inertial forces are directed from the axis of rotation of the rotor to the inner surface 40 of the rotor of the turbine 29, transforming free-fall flow of the working fluid (medium) power generator 31 into electricity for elektroobogrevateli 32, distances 28 and 30 for the efficient operation of the turbine, the level 33 of the working medium in the vessel, micrometastases environment 35, 36 teplozvukoizolyacia, the bottom 37 of the capacity gaps 38 for the flow of fluid (medium), pointer movement direction (i.e. flow) 39, the safety valve 42, thermal relay 43 to manually configure the required heating temperature of the working fluid (environment) to the value smaller by 20% from the flash temperature (for example, if the working fluid is oil M 8 G2to, thermometer set at 164° (C), and intended: for automatic disconnection of the electric motor 1, and at lower temperature (for example, to 163° (C) to automatically activate the motor casing 44, seals 45 and nuts 46, resistant sleeve 48.

Work

Before working heat source fluid (medium) 5 (for example, oil M 8 G2it is in the tank 4. Level 33 working is hidcote (environment) 5 is at a distance of 30 from the turbine 29. Thermal relay 43 is set to a temperature of 164°With (i.e. 20% less than the flash point of the oil M 8 G2K), pen drive 6 is in the position corresponding to the opening of the safety valve device 41 when the pressure in the pipe 8, is equal to one atmosphere.

When the power supply from the external power grid operates the motor 1. In the high-pressure pump 2 through the oil receiver 3 is sucked from the tank 4 liquid 5. Synchronously hand drive 6 set on the reading of the manometer 7 pressure value of the liquid 5 in the injection cavity pump 2 and the pipe 8, which determines the process of heating the liquid.

This is the first stage of heating the liquid 5.

From the pump 2 is heated working fluid 5 through the pipe 8 enters the channel 9 of the shaft 10, the inner cavity 12 of the rotor 13. Filling in through the Windows 15 space 16, the liquid 5 is supplied to the nozzles 19, of which, emerging, creates a reactive force 21, the rotating rotor angular speed 10,000 rpm (1040 rad/s) and more.

With the rotor rotating working fluid 5, the outer cage of the bearings 24 and 25, the rotating discs 22, the rotor 13, the cylinder 17, the nozzles 19, the nozzle 20 and the zone of increased pressure 27, the inner surface 40.

The process flow for the pointer 18 of the liquid 5 through the gaps 38 leads to intense friction, causing the working fluid additional support is provided.

This is the second stage of heating of the working fluid 5.

In the area of 27, due to the inertia force of the rotating fluid 5 within the rotor 13 is created additional pressure, and hence the heat moving through the gaps 38 of the working fluid 5.

This is the third stage of heating of the working fluid (environment).

Liquid 5 from the nozzles 20 in the form of free-fall flow, with a reserve of kinetic energy, overcoming the distance of 28 microvasculature environment 35, enters the turbine 29 which rotates the armature of the generator 31. The produced energy is spent on the operation of the heater, optionally heating the working fluid

This fourth step of heating the liquid 5.

Through the heat exchanger 34 circulates, for example, water, antifreeze, oil, etc. that receive heat from the working fluid (environment).

During a power outage, the motor 1 stops. The working fluid (Wednesday) 5 flows into the tank 4.

The heat source for heating of residential and industrial premises and hot water, comprising a tank, electric motor, high pressure pump, high pressure pipelines, pressure gauge, pressure relief devices, characterized in that the centrifuge rotor on a stationary axis at an angle of ninety degrees rigidly mounted stationary discs with the PLO the bones which are blind holes (cells), and by the inner wall surface of the rotor at an angle of ninety degrees relative to the axis of rotation of the rotor is rigidly fixed to the rotating disks, the planes of rotation which are blind holes (cells)between the stationary and rotating disks are gaps, and in the space formed by the rotating disks and the inner surface of the rotor, there is a zone of high pressure working fluid (medium), from which jets of the centrifuge in the form of free-fall flow through the turbine, enters the tank below the liquid level (environment) in the vessel is a heat exchanger, and on the bottom fixed the heater.



 

Same patents:

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1 dwg

FIELD: heat and power engineering, possible use for producing hot water.

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12 cl, 3 dwg

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2 cl, 3 dwg

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1 cl, 2 dwg

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4 dwg

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1 dwg

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EFFECT: low losses of energy; enhanced stability of cavities; enhanced efficiency.

15 cl, 5 dwg

Heating device // 2251645

FIELD: heat power engineering.

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16 cl, 7 dwg

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EFFECT: enhanced efficiency of plant.

1 dwg

FIELD: power engineering.

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EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.

5 dwg

FIELD: heat power engineering.

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EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.

9 dwg

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EFFECT: augmented cavitation processes occurring during rotor revolution which enhances heating efficiency.

6 cl, 5 dwg

Heat generator // 2260750

FIELD: heat-power engineering; generation of heat in the course of combustion; degassing liquid in the course of heating.

SUBSTANCE: proposed heat generator includes cyclone-type jet apparatus mounted vertically and provided with inlet branch pipe located in upper part and outlet branch pipe located in lower portion; it is also provided with expansion reservoir mounted above jet apparatus; upper cavity of this jet apparatus is communicated with expansion reservoir.

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2 cl, 1 dwg

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EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.

4 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: chemical and oil industry.

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EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.

6 cl

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