Thermal generator

FIELD: the invention refers to the field of power engineering particularly for heating living and industrial spaces and hot water supply.

SUBSTANCE: the essence of the invention is in that in the rotor of the centrifuge of the thermal generator on the unmovable axis under the angle of 90o there are firmly fixed unmovable discs on whose planes there are blank openings, and to the walls of the inner surface of the rotor under the angle of 90o relatively to the rotating axis of the rotor there are firmly fixed rotating discs with blank openings, between the unmovable and rotating discs there are gaps, working fluid from spray nozzles of the centrifuge in the shape of freely falling flow having passed through the hydraulic turbine comes to the capacity and the electric heater are fixed on the bottom.

EFFECT: allows increase efficiency of heating and reduce energy consumption.

6 dwg


The invention relates to the field of energy and can be used in generators for heating in residential and industrial buildings and for hot water.

Known heat (A.S. 1028972, CL IV, 11/00, published. 12.07.1983,), comprising a housing, a drive shaft, impeller, motor, piping.

The disadvantage is that it requires two types of energy sources - low pressure steam and electric current, which together makes the construction complicated and inefficient.

The closest analogue is a device to produce thermal energy, consisting of a body, tank, high pressure pump, motor, magnetostrictor, high-pressure pipelines. (Patent of Russian Federation №2254524, CL F24G, 3/00, publ. in bull. No. 17, 20.06.2005,)

The disadvantage is the closest analogue is the large power consumption and design complexity.

The purpose of the invention is to increase the heating efficiency of the working environment (i.e. coolant) and the reduction of energy consumption.

The objective is achieved due to the fact that the heat source for thermal energy, consisting of a body, a vessel for the working environment, motor, high pressure pump, pressure relief valve, piping, bearings, pressure gauge, according to the invention the rotor CE is trifuge on a fixed axis at an angle of 90° fixed fixed disks, the planes of which are blind holes (cells)and the inner wall surface of the rotor at an angle of 90° in relation to the axis of rotation of the rotor is rigidly fixed to the rotating disks, the planes of rotation which are blind holes (cells)between the stationary and rotating disks are gaps, and in the space formed by the rotating disks and the inner surface of the rotor, there is a zone of high pressure working fluid (medium), from which jets of the centrifuge in the form of free-fall flow through the turbine, enters the tank below the level of the working fluid (environment) in the vessel is a heat exchanger, and on the bottom fixed the heater.

The operation of the heat source based on the creation of pressure in the discharge cavity pump high pressure from one atmosphere up to one thousand atmospheres and heating the circulating fluid (environment) to a temperature of 20% lower (smaller) flash temperature of the working fluid (medium), and an increase in the heating temperature of the working medium (fluid) is carried out in stages and synchronously in the following order: the first stage - discharge cavity of the high-pressure pump, the second stage inside the centrifuge rotor in the gaps between the rotating and stationary disks, the third floor is p - additional increase in pressure, and hence the friction of the fluid (medium) from inertial forces directed from the axis of rotation of the rotor to its inner surface, the fourth stage - the use of the kinetic energy of the free-fall flow of the working fluid (medium), torque anchor generator, supplying power to the heater.

The technical result of the proposed heat source for heating of residential and industrial premises and hot water is achieved by:

- heat the working fluid (environment) in the process is generated by adjusting the pressure in the discharge cavity of the high-pressure pump and the pipeline connecting the cavity with the axis of the centrifuge,

- availability on the planes of rotation of the rotating discs, as well as on the surfaces of the stationary disks blind holes (cells), increasing the friction in the flow of the working fluid (environment) through the gaps in the rotor of a centrifuge

- additional increase in pressure, and hence the friction of the fluid (medium) in the area formed by the inner wall of the centrifuge rotor and the rotating disks

- due to the kinetic energy of the free-fall flow of the working fluid (medium), torque anchor generator.

Figure 1 shows a diagram of a centrifuge rotor with a reactive result is ω, figure 2 - diagram of the return of the working fluid (environment) in the form of free-fall flow through the turbine into the tank, figure 3 - device rotating disk, figure 4 - structure of fixed disk, figure 5 - location of areas of high pressure inside the centrifuge rotor, figure 6 - diagram of the direction of action of reactive forces.

The heat source consists of an electric motor 1 for driving the pump 2 high pressure oil receiver 3 to create pressure from zero to one thousand atmospheres and heating in the vessel 4 of the working fluid (medium) 5 (for example, motor oil for automotive diesel internal combustion engines, compressor oils and other liquids) to a temperature which is 20% less (lower) the temperature of the flash, throttle site, designed to adjust the heating of the working fluid (medium) consisting of actuator 6 for adjusting the opening of the valve the pressure relief device 41 and the establishment of the reading of the manometer 7 preassigned pressure in the discharge cavity of the high-pressure pump, and therefore, the working fluid (environment) to a temperature value below which 20% of the flash point.

For example, if the working environment is motor oil M 8 G2to, having a flash point 205° (LISCO G.P. Fuel, lubricating material is s and technical liquids. Chisinau. 1997. Str, tbl), the pressure gauge 7 should be such as to provide heating oil to temperature 164°C. If the working environment is used compressor oil To 28, having a flash point 270°With (Students V.M. Fuel, lubricants and technical liquids. - M.: Chemistry, 1989. Str, tabl.), the pressure must be such as to provide heating to a temperature of 220°etc.

The heat source consists of a pipeline 8 high pressure, having a different form (for example, a cylindrical coil) and intended for connection of the discharge cavity of the high-pressure pump with a centrifuge rotor, and to transfer heat from the working fluid (medium)flowing therein, the heat exchanger 34 through shirt which circulates in the direction 39,for example, water, antifreeze, oil, etc., channel 9 in the axis 10 to flow through the holes 11 into the internal cavity 12 of the working fluid (environment)of the rotor 13, the centrifuge 14 for messages rotating disks 22 of the rotational motion around the axis 10, blind holes (cells) 26 on the stationary planes 23 and rotating disks 22 to increase a flowing stream by the pointer 18 of the fluid (medium) in the gaps 38, and hence improve the efficiency of its heat through Windows 15 for leakage of working medium from the rotor to prostranstvo (cavity) 16, cylinder 17 to form a space (cavity)of the pointer 18 of the direction of flow of the working fluid (medium), nozzles nozzles 19 and 20 to generate reactive power 21, the bearings (e.g., resistant) 24 and 25, zone 27, in which inertial forces are directed from the axis of rotation of the rotor to the inner surface 40 of the rotor of the turbine 29, transforming free-fall flow of the working fluid (medium) power generator 31 into electricity for elektroobogrevateli 32, distances 28 and 30 for the efficient operation of the turbine, the level 33 of the working medium in the vessel, micrometastases environment 35, 36 teplozvukoizolyacia, the bottom 37 of the capacity gaps 38 for the flow of fluid (medium), pointer movement direction (i.e. flow) 39, the safety valve 42, thermal relay 43 to manually configure the required heating temperature of the working fluid (environment) to the value smaller by 20% from the flash temperature (for example, if the working fluid is oil M 8 G2to, thermometer set at 164° (C), and intended: for automatic disconnection of the electric motor 1, and at lower temperature (for example, to 163° (C) to automatically activate the motor casing 44, seals 45 and nuts 46, resistant sleeve 48.


Before working heat source fluid (medium) 5 (for example, oil M 8 G2it is in the tank 4. Level 33 working is hidcote (environment) 5 is at a distance of 30 from the turbine 29. Thermal relay 43 is set to a temperature of 164°With (i.e. 20% less than the flash point of the oil M 8 G2K), pen drive 6 is in the position corresponding to the opening of the safety valve device 41 when the pressure in the pipe 8, is equal to one atmosphere.

When the power supply from the external power grid operates the motor 1. In the high-pressure pump 2 through the oil receiver 3 is sucked from the tank 4 liquid 5. Synchronously hand drive 6 set on the reading of the manometer 7 pressure value of the liquid 5 in the injection cavity pump 2 and the pipe 8, which determines the process of heating the liquid.

This is the first stage of heating the liquid 5.

From the pump 2 is heated working fluid 5 through the pipe 8 enters the channel 9 of the shaft 10, the inner cavity 12 of the rotor 13. Filling in through the Windows 15 space 16, the liquid 5 is supplied to the nozzles 19, of which, emerging, creates a reactive force 21, the rotating rotor angular speed 10,000 rpm (1040 rad/s) and more.

With the rotor rotating working fluid 5, the outer cage of the bearings 24 and 25, the rotating discs 22, the rotor 13, the cylinder 17, the nozzles 19, the nozzle 20 and the zone of increased pressure 27, the inner surface 40.

The process flow for the pointer 18 of the liquid 5 through the gaps 38 leads to intense friction, causing the working fluid additional support is provided.

This is the second stage of heating of the working fluid 5.

In the area of 27, due to the inertia force of the rotating fluid 5 within the rotor 13 is created additional pressure, and hence the heat moving through the gaps 38 of the working fluid 5.

This is the third stage of heating of the working fluid (environment).

Liquid 5 from the nozzles 20 in the form of free-fall flow, with a reserve of kinetic energy, overcoming the distance of 28 microvasculature environment 35, enters the turbine 29 which rotates the armature of the generator 31. The produced energy is spent on the operation of the heater, optionally heating the working fluid

This fourth step of heating the liquid 5.

Through the heat exchanger 34 circulates, for example, water, antifreeze, oil, etc. that receive heat from the working fluid (environment).

During a power outage, the motor 1 stops. The working fluid (Wednesday) 5 flows into the tank 4.

The heat source for heating of residential and industrial premises and hot water, comprising a tank, electric motor, high pressure pump, high pressure pipelines, pressure gauge, pressure relief devices, characterized in that the centrifuge rotor on a stationary axis at an angle of ninety degrees rigidly mounted stationary discs with the PLO the bones which are blind holes (cells), and by the inner wall surface of the rotor at an angle of ninety degrees relative to the axis of rotation of the rotor is rigidly fixed to the rotating disks, the planes of rotation which are blind holes (cells)between the stationary and rotating disks are gaps, and in the space formed by the rotating disks and the inner surface of the rotor, there is a zone of high pressure working fluid (medium), from which jets of the centrifuge in the form of free-fall flow through the turbine, enters the tank below the liquid level (environment) in the vessel is a heat exchanger, and on the bottom fixed the heater.


Same patents:

FIELD: the invention refers to heating engineering and is assigned for heating liquids for various branches of the people's economy.

SUBSTANCE: the technical result is providing capability for work of the hydrodynamic heater in a broad diapason of changing parameters of feeding and forcing the liquid supplying by the pump on its input at a changing frequency of rotation of the shaft of the pump. The self-adjusting hydrodynamic heater of liquid has a cyclone 1 with a lid 2 on which a limiting ring 3 and an adjusting screw 4 are installed, a conic vortex generator 5 is fastened to the cyclone 1, a cylinder 6 having a braking arrangement 7 is connected to the conic vortex generator 5. A breaking chamber 8 with a socket 9 perpendicularly placed to the cylinder 6 is located below the breaking arrangement 7, a hollow closed topped cone 10 is fixed to the lid 2 of the cyclone 1 with the aid of the adjusting screw 4. The cone 10 enters with its large foundation in the limiting ring 3; from the side of the smaller foundation a funnel 11 with a socket 12 are put on the hollow closed topped cone 10. The socket 12 passes through the cylinder 6, the breaking arrangement 7 and a directing bushing 13 installed in the breaking chamber 8 and provided with a fixing screw 14; additionally the hydrodynamic heater has a self-adjusting system having a spring 15 placed in the socket 12 leaned with one extreme screw against the bead 16 formed in the place of joining of the socket 12 and the funnel 11 and the other extreme screw - against a washer 17 putted on a rod 18 which is motionlessly connected with one end to the bottom of the smaller foundation of the closed hollow topped cone 10 and on the other end having a threading and a nut 19 fixing the washer 17 on the rod 18; at that in the bottom of the larger foundation of the closed hollow topped cone 10 there is a beaker 20 in which there is a spring 21 leaning with one extreme coil against an adjusting nut 22 being on an adjusting screw 4 and with the other extreme coil leaning against a supporting bushing 23 leaning with its broad foundation against the bottom 24 of the beaker 20. and with its narrow foundation putted on the adjusting screw 4 with possibility displacement of the supporting bushing 23 along the adjusting screw 4 limited with a head 25 on the end.

EFFECT: provides working capability of the hydrodynamic heater of liquids.

1 dwg

FIELD: heat and power engineering, possible use for producing hot water.

SUBSTANCE: water heating device contains getter heat pump with reaction vacuum heat exchange chamber, formed titanium pipe, lid with tubular drain, shaft-lid, which is mounted with possible rotation in a tank with heated water and connects through the lid with tubular drain to additional vacuum chamber, provided with gas leak, where titanium pipe of reaction vacuum heat-exchanger chamber has internal reaction surface, interacting by means of sliding friction to hard alloy elements of cleaner block, positioned inside reaction vacuum heat-exchanger chamber and made in form of a row of diametrically positioned cleaning units, each one of which includes a set of cleaning plates with hard alloy elements, formed on orientation platform, capable of radial movement relatively to reaction surface of pipe by means of sliding platforms under effect of corrugated pipes, mounted on orientation platforms of cleaning units. Corrugated pipes in cleaner block are mounted with ensured compressing working drive, and lids of heat exchanger chamber, made of metal with high anti-friction properties, are hermetically connected to titanium pipe through intermediate metallic rings and pinned through roller bearings onto axial pipe, in which mounted hermetically and non-detachably through technological apertures are front and back lids of hermetic cylindrical vessel, on side surface of which orientation platforms of cleaning units are mounted, and also protective screens are installed, which are fixedly held on front and back lids on outside, and around hermetic cylindrical vessel between cleaning units positioned with attachment to its front and back lids are upper ballast vessel, accumulator vessels provided with chutes and slit passages, and lower ballast vessel in such a way, that between assembled surface formed by them and reaction surface of titanium pipe of reaction vacuum heat exchanger chamber a circular volume is provided, which through gas channels made in the lid with tubular drain, through circular passage, formed between axial pipe and internal surface of tubular lid drain, is connected to an additional vacuum chamber, wherein gas leak through vacuum valve is connected to filter for cleaning atmospheric gases, also, an additional vacuum chamber is connected through vacuum gate and vacuum valve to an additional vacuum input.

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4 dwg

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3 cl, 2 dwg

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12 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: heat engineering, particularly heat sources used in heating and hot water supply systems and for processing liquid heating.

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2 cl, 3 dwg

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1 dwg

FIELD: heat power engineering.

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1 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: heat power engineering.

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4 dwg

FIELD: heat power engineering.

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2 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: heat power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention can be used as thermal energy source in heating and hot water supply systems. Proposed liquid heating device contains stator with space, inlet channel to let in liquid, outlet channel to let out liquid and rotor with blind holes installed with clearance into stator space. Stator space and rotor are made in form of truncated cone. Radial slots are made on surface of vertex of rotor generating cone and outlet hole is made on surface of stator in center opposite to rotor surface Outlet branch pipe is arranged coaxially with said hole. Perforated sleeve and brake device are stationarily installed inside outlet branch pipe. Bottom with outlet channel is arranged on end face of outlet branch pipe opposite to outlet hole. Cylindrical surfaces of rotor and stator steps have displacement of different direction relative to each other.

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2 cl, 2 dwg

Friction heater // 2244223

FIELD: low-power engineering, applicable as a component of windmills for production of heated water in houses not provided with centralized hot water supply.

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EFFECT: enhanced efficiency of heater operation at the same rotary speed of the drive shaft.

1 dwg

FIELD: cavitation and vortex heat generators; heating liquids in various hydraulic systems; activation of mixing, dispersion and chemical interaction processes.

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EFFECT: low losses of energy; enhanced stability of cavities; enhanced efficiency.

15 cl, 5 dwg

Heating device // 2251645

FIELD: heat power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: heating device comprises generator of heat energy and system for supplying heat to a consumer, which are interconnected through the supplying and discharging pipelines forming a closed contour. The contour has a net pump and at least one recirculation pipeline which receives at least one member provided with a converging pipe, diverging pipe, and one ring groove made between the diverging and converging pipes. The method of operation of the heating device comprises pumping the heat-transfer agent in the contour comprising at least one member with converging and diverging pipes. The heat-transfer agent is pumped under pressure which excludes the onset of cavitation in the heat-transfer agent flow.

EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.

16 cl, 7 dwg

FIELD: heat-power engineering; heating systems; water heating systems, public services, agricultural sector and transport facilities.

SUBSTANCE: steam from electric steam generator is delivered to jet apparatus nozzle where it is mixed with cold liquid flow for forming two-phase flow at acceleration to supersonic velocity. At mixing chamber outlet, this two-phase flow is decelerated for forming shock wave and converting the flow into liquid flow after shock wave. Then, flow is divided and one part is directed to heat exchanger of vortex tube where it is heated and directed for replenishment of electric steam generator. Other part is directed to nozzle apparatus where it is accelerated to supersonic velocity for forming two-phase flow, after which it is decelerated for converting it into liquid flow saturated with micro-bubble component. Nozzle apparatus outlet is connected with swirler inlet where vortex flow is formed; from swirler, flow is directed to vortex tube where heat is released and flow is divided into hot and cold components. From vortex tube, flow is directed to heat exchanger for transfer of heat to second loop; cooled liquid flow is directed to ejector inlet.

EFFECT: enhanced efficiency of plant.

1 dwg

FIELD: power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: device comprises high-pressure pump, hydraulic motor, and safety device which are arranged in the tank under the level of fluid. The delivery space of the high-pressure pump is connected with the supplying passage of the hydraulic motor through the high-pressure pipeline which is made of a cylindrical coil whose longitudinal axis is coaxial to the longitudinal axes of the housing, diffuser of the resonance vibrations , and ring made of a trancated cone. The discharging passage of the hydraulic motor is connected through the a pipeline with the sprayer whose longitudinal axis is coaxial to the axes of the deflector and head, longitudinal axis of the diffuser, longitudinal axis of the ring, and longitudinal axis of the magnetostriction emitter.

EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.

5 dwg

FIELD: heat power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: device for heating water comprises heat generator of pump type, which consists of housing that have cylindrical section and receives at least one member for acceleration of fluid flow made of working wheel composed of two disks which allow the working wheel to be set in rotation and disk made of a flat ring secured inside the cylindrical section of the housing in the zone of rotation of working wheel coaxially to it, one member for decelerating fluid flow made of a conical straightener, and heat exchange system connected with the delivery branch pipe and the pump. The disks of the working wheel define nozzles arranged closer to its face. The working wheel and unmovable disk define space of variable cross-section for sucking heated fluid through the nozzles and supplying it to consumers. According to a particular version, the working wheel can be mounted for permitting adjusting the spaces between its sides and lids at the inlet and outlet of the heat generator.

EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.

9 dwg

FIELD: heat production by means other than fuel combustion for premises water heating systems.

SUBSTANCE: proposed cavitation-type rotary heat-generator has housing provided with heated-liquid inlet and outlet and cylindrical surface carrying two coaxial rings of which one is fixed in position relative to housing and other ring is set in rotary motion by drive shaft disposed coaxially with rings. The latter are provided with radial holes disposed in plane perpendicular to axis of revolution. External coaxial ring is revolving and internal one is fixed in position relative to housing, clearance of 0.5 to 3 mm being provided between external revolving ring and internal cylindrical surface of housing. Steel disk is turned onto threaded end of drive shaft and external revolving ring is turned onto its rim. Drive shaft has spider with steel spokes tightened by means of claw nuts installed in depressions of external revolving ring. Threaded end of drive shaft mounts metal head with rimmed textolite disk attached thereto; this rimmed disk carries external revolving ring. Diameter of holes in internal fixed ring is larger by 1.5 - 3 times that that of holes in external revolving ring. Hole number in external revolving ring is other than that in internal fixed one.

EFFECT: augmented cavitation processes occurring during rotor revolution which enhances heating efficiency.

6 cl, 5 dwg

Heat generator // 2260750

FIELD: heat-power engineering; generation of heat in the course of combustion; degassing liquid in the course of heating.

SUBSTANCE: proposed heat generator includes cyclone-type jet apparatus mounted vertically and provided with inlet branch pipe located in upper part and outlet branch pipe located in lower portion; it is also provided with expansion reservoir mounted above jet apparatus; upper cavity of this jet apparatus is communicated with expansion reservoir.

EFFECT: enhanced efficiency of degassing liquid; enhanced corrosion resistance; increased flow rate of liquid; reduced noise of pump.

2 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: power engineering; use of geothermal heat in units using water from external sources.

SUBSTANCE: proposed plant includes vertical delivery well-bore running to earth's crust and vertical outlet well-bore located at some distance from delivery well-bore; provision is made for evacuation of vapor from this well-bore; plant is also provided with horizontal well-bore for connection of two vertical well-bores and at least one section of horizontal well-bore located in hot rock; all said well-bores are provided with casing pipes to exclude contact of liquid flowing through well-bores with soil or underground water; water obtained after condensation of vapor from outlet well-bore is pumped to delivery well-bore and is used repeatedly. Besides that, horizontal well-bore may be entirely located in rock; delivery and outlet well-bores enter hot rock; plant is provided with devices for delivery of water from delivery well-bore to horizontal well-bore. Water admitting to rock is not contaminated in such plant and may be used repeatedly.

EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.

4 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: chemical and oil industry.

SUBSTANCE: method comprises supplying methane-containing gas to the cavitation liquid (water), bringing the gas into contact with the cavitation liquid to produce exothermic reactions, withdrawing heat, and removing oxygen-organic compositions, highest hydrocarbons, and unreacted gases from the cooled liquid, and rising pressure of the purified liquid. The reaction between the methane-containing gas and cavitation liquid is carried out in the presence of catalyzers that contain carbides, nitrides, borides and oxides of metals. The unreacted gases are supplied to the methane-containing gas.

EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.

6 cl