Method and device for curing rhino-laryngological diseases

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: method of cure includes mode of magneto-therapeutic influence by single-directed magnetic field and/or mode of simultaneous influence of hyperthermia and magnetic therapy at values of magnetic induction of 30-50 mT and temperature of 40-55°C while temperature alternately changes within 40-55°C at temperature gradient of 0,1-1°C per second. Device has two plates for therapeutic influence. Plates are connected together by elastic connecting member and provided with cases made of plastic mass. Plastic mass tightly embraces magnetic filed sources, disposed in it, and heating wires. Heating wires are connected with electric power unit through current input member. Electric supply unit is made for periodical interruption of voltage supply onto heating wires made of Ni-Cr alloy. Magnetic field sources have to be permanent magnets embraced with turns of heating wires. Electric supply unit has voltage converter. First output of converter is connected with input of processor; output of converter is connected with first input of switch. Voltage converter has its second output connected with second input of switch; output of switch has to be output of electric supply unit for connecting to heating wires.

EFFECT: simplified design; improved efficiency of cure.

9 cl, 4 dwg

 

The invention relates to medical equipment, namely, devices for integrated therapeutic effects: a magnet or a magnetic therapy and hyperthermia for the treatment of rhinolaryngology inflammatory processes, and can be used, for example, in the treatment of the nasal cavity, paranasal sinuses, the nasal - maxillary and frontal sinuses, larynx, both in hospital and at home with the use of the device by the patient.

There is a method of physical therapy effects on body tissues for the treatment of inflammatory processes based on the use of hyperthermia in the range of temperatures from 30°C to 45°With (see RF patent №1787027, MKI A61F 7/00, publ. 1993).

Known methods of physical therapy effects on body tissues for the treatment of inflammatory processes based on the use of low-frequency magnetotherapy alternating field with a magnetic induction of 10-100 MT at a frequency of 2.5 Hz or 50 MT (machine pole-1 pole-2) at a frequency of 50 Hz or up to 40 MT at a frequency 25-50-75-100-150 Hz (see A.A. Ushakov "guidance on the practical physiotherapy". - Moscow, LLP ARMY", 1996, p.65, 67-68).

A General lack of analogues with one type of physical therapy effects, including magnetic therapy or hyperthermia, reduced effectiveness of treatment vopal the tion processes due to rapid habituation of the body to the action and narrow range of application in medical practice.

There is a method of physical therapy effects for treatment rhinolaryngology diseases, carrying out a sequence of stimulation modes, including the mode of physiotherapeutic effects of hyperthermia in the range of temperatures from 30°C to 45°mode physiotherapeutic effects of magnetotherapy and mode simultaneous physiotherapeutic effects of hyperthermia and magnetic therapy, and in these modes magnet carried out periodically variable frequency from a frequency range from 1 Hz to 200 Hz, respectively, when the amplitude of the magnetic induction from 1 MT to 50 MT (see RF patent №2209095, MKI A61N 1/40, A61N2/02, publ. 2003 - prototype).

Physiotherapeutic effect hyperthermia provides treatment at a given constant temperature in the range of 30-40°C.

The disadvantage of this method in the body adapts to constant values of hyperthermia, which reduces the effectiveness of the treatment.

Known heating pad for therapeutic purposes, containing two heating plates, which are interconnected by the elastic element, and the heating elements are in the form of a winding of the control wire to the support element and are made of a homogeneous plastic (polyethylene or plastic) housings heating plates that have reef is placed on the end surfaces, facing the elements of communication, and the connection element is made in the form of a split ring (see RF patent №1787027, MKI A61F 7/00, publ. 1993).

Such a device provides thermal therapeutic effect. This limits the possibility of selecting regimens for the treatment of diseases with regard to individual tolerability of treatments to patients.

A device physiotherapeutic effects for treatment rhinolaryngology diseases, containing two plates of physical therapy effects, which are interconnected by an elastic coupling element and having a housing made of plastic masses, tight-fitting located therein sources physiotherapy treatment, United through the element of the current lead unit of electric power, and the sources of physical therapy effects made in the form of thermomagnetic elements representing a set in the cups of the magnetic coil with a control wire, and is located in the hull plates of physical therapy effects with the possibility of creating a magnetic field, closed in the direction to the flat working surface of the wafer (see RF patent №2209095, MKI A61N 1/40, A61N 2/02, publ. 2003 - prototype).

In the known device the magnetic field produced by thermomagnetic elements, has a low depth of impact, does not provide what I unidirectionality of the magnetic field in the plane of the working surface of the wafer physiotherapy impact. The design complexity creates difficulties in the technical implementation.

The technical result of the invention is to further improve the effectiveness of therapeutic effects by increasing the depth of the physiotherapeutic effect for all modes while possible changes during treatment temperature parameters hyperthermia, which reduces the degree of addiction to medical procedures.

The technical result of the invention of the device is simplified design that reduces the cost of its production, and increase treatment effectiveness by increasing the depth of penetration of thermal and magnetic fields, ensure the distribution of the unidirectional magnetic field across the active surface of the wafer physiotherapy impact in a given range of values of magnetic induction.

The technical result of the method is achieved in that in the method of treatment rhinolaryngology diseases, carrying out a sequence of stimulation modes, including the mode of physiotherapeutic effects of magnetotherapy and/or simultaneous effect of hyperthermia and magnetic therapy when the values of the magnetic induction from 30 MT to 50 MT and a temperature of at least 40°With, in all modes of magnitu therapy perform unidirectional static magnetic field, while hyperthermia is carried out at temperatures not exceeding 55°With alternating raising and lowering the temperature in the range from 40 to 55°with a gradient of 0.1÷1°s.

The technical result of the device is achieved in that the device physiotherapeutic effects for treatment rhinolaryngology diseases, containing two plates of physical therapy effects, which are interconnected by an elastic coupling element and having a housing made of plastic masses, tight-fitting located in it the source of the magnetic field and the heating wires, connected through the element of the current lead unit of electric power made by periodic interruption of the supply voltage to the heating wire, the heating wire made of nichrome, the magnetic fields are permanent magnets covered by the turns of the heating wire, and the unit's electric power supply includes a voltage Converter, a first output of which is connected to the input processor, the output of which is connected to the first input of the switch, the voltage Converter is connected to a second output to the second input of the switch, the output of which is output block power supply for connection to the heating wires.

Preferably the plate is fisioterapeuta impact of the heating wire run length of 1.2 meters with a diameter of 0.3 mm.

It is advisable to have the magnetic fields of cylindrical shape.

Preferably the coils of the heating wires placed at a distance of 1÷3 mm from the working surfaces of the plates, and the distance between the coils of the heating conductor is (0,3÷1,0)d, where d is the diameter of the source magnetic field.

It is advisable in plates physiotherapeutic influence of the distance between the turns of the heating wire to be 1÷3 millimeters.

Preferably each plate physiotherapeutic influence to have from one to three sources of magnetic fields that are installed with the possibility of creating a unidirectional magnetic field to the working surface of the wafer physiotherapeutic effects.

Suitable dimensions of the plates physiotherapy impacts and magnetic fields to choose from the formula:

L/(d1+...+dn)=C/(d1+...+dn)=2÷6 and N=(2÷4)h,

where L, C, H - dimensions (respectively the length, width and height) of the plates of physical therapy effects;

d and h - dimensions (diameter and height) of the source of the magnetic field;

n is the number of sources of magnetic field in the plate physiotherapeutic effects.

The analysis of the prior art, including searching by the patent and scientific and technical East is chnical information and identify sources contains information about the analogs of the invention, allows to establish that the applicant is not found technical solutions, characterized by signs, identical to all the essential features of the claimed invention. The definition from the list of identified unique prototype allowed us to identify a set of essential (with respect to perceived by the applicant to the technical result) distinguishing features of the claimed object set forth in the claims. Therefore, the claimed invention meets the requirement of "novelty" under the current law. Information about the popularity of the distinctive features in the complex of symptoms known technical solutions to achieve the same as the claimed device, the positive effect is not there. On this basis it is concluded that the proposed solution meets the criterion of "inventive step".

Figure 1 shows the device physiotherapeutic effects for treatment rhinolaryngology diseases (top view); figure 2 shows a plate of physical therapy effects with one element of a constant magnetic field (front view); figure 3 shows the plate physiotherapeutic effects with the three elements of a constant magnetic field.

Figure 4 presents the structure the structural block circuit electric power, providing a controlled supply voltage to the heating wire plates physiotherapeutic effects.

Physiotherapeutic effect for treatment rhinolaryngology diseases using the proposed device consists in the following. The doctor determines the course of treatment for a particular patient, including a specified number of procedures and their duration from the list of modes, which provides the device:

simultaneous exposure to magnetic therapy and hyperthermia;

- the effects of magnetotherapy.

In these modes, magnetic therapy is carried out at values of amplitude of the magnetic induction from 30 MT to 50 MT, and hyperthermia at temperatures from 40°C to 55°With alternating raising and lowering the temperature in the range from 40°C to 55°with a gradient of 0.1÷1°in second. The extreme values of the range of the magnetic induction is limited to medical recommendations (A.A. Ushakov "Modern physiotherapy in clinical practice", ANMI, Moscow, 2002, p.74). The upper limit of the temperature range (55° (C) selected from the medical methods of thermotherapy using medical paraffin, melting point which is 52÷55°C. Treatment at temperatures less than 40°has low efficiency, with more dlitelnyij more effective top temperatures range hyperthermia lengthens the treatment procedure. Permanent magnets, providing positive unidirectional magnetic field, and periodic short-term (no more than 10 seconds) fizioterapevticheskie effects of hyperthermia higher than in the prototype, the temperature of 55°C, significantly improve therapeutic effect due to the more profound the effect of magnetic therapy and hyperthermia.

Treatment with magnetic therapy and hyperthermia can be performed within 15 days of when performing daily procedures for 15-20 minutes.

The course of treatment, including sinusitis, magnetotherapy can be 30-40 minutes for 10-20 procedures. Procedures carried out 4-6 times a week.

Physiotherapeutic device effects for treatment rhinolaryngology diseases contains two plates 1, 2 physiotherapy impact (magnetotherapy, or both hyperthermia and magnetic therapy), which are interconnected by an elastic connection element 3 and having a housing made of plastic masses, tight-fitting located therein sources 4 magnetic field and the heating wire 5, United through item 6 of the current lead unit 7 electric power made by periodic interruption of the supply voltage to the heating wire 5 during treatment.

In plates 1, 2 physiotherapy hcpa is istia the heating wire 5 is made of a material with high resistivity (e.g., nichrome) with a length of 1.2 meters and have a diameter of 0.3 mm. The coils of the heating wires 5 are placed at a distance (l) 1÷3 mm from the working surface 8 of the plates 1, 2 physiotherapy exposure, and the distance (b) between the coils of the heating conductor is (0,3÷1,0)d, where d is the diameter of the source magnetic field. The distance (b) between the turns of the heating wire is 1÷3 millimeters.

Sources 4 magnetic field are permanent magnets of cylindrical shape and covered by the turns of the heating wire 5. In each plate 1, 2 physiotherapeutic effects there are from one to three sources 4 magnetic field installed with the possibility of creating a unidirectional magnetic field with magnetic induction from 30 MT to 50 MT to the working surface 8 of the plates 1, 2 physiotherapy impact. In order to increase the effectiveness of treatment of the same name, preferably the positive pole of the above sources 4 should be addressed to the working surface 8 of the plates 1, 2 physiotherapy impact. As sources 4 of the magnetic field applied by the permanent magnet of cylindrical shape, for example, barium ferrite, providing the distribution of the magnetic field with a magnetic induction of 30-50 MT on the working surface 8 of the plates 1, 2 fizioter the non-therapeutic effects. Permanent magnets can be located in the Central part of these plates 1, 2 (figure 2) or in the range of, for example, diagonally plates 1, 2 (3) or otherwise (for spirals, circles in Fig. not shown). The diameters of the permanent magnets in the plates 1, 2 are the same (1, 2) or different (Fig. not shown).

The dimensions of the plates 1, 2 physiotherapy impacts and sources 4 magnetic fields are chosen from the formula

L/(d1+...+dn)=/(d1+...+dn)=2÷6 and

N=(2÷4)h,

where L, C, H - dimensions (respectively the length, width and height) of the plates of physical therapy effects;

d and h - dimensions (diameter and height) of the source of the magnetic field;

n is the number of sources of magnetic field in the plate physiotherapeutic effects.

Unit 7 power supply contains a transformer 9 voltage, the first output of which is connected to the input of the processor 10, the output of which is connected to the first input of the switch 11, and the voltage transformer 9 is connected to a second output to the second input of the switch 11, the output of which is the output of the unit 7 power supply for connection to the heating wire 5 physiotherapy plates 1, 2. Unit 7 electric power provides controlled voltage supply to the heating wire 5 layer is n-1, 2 physical therapy effects. The switch 11 is, for example, the key enabling transistor. The voltage Converter 9 converts the high voltage of the input voltage to a safe low voltage. The voltage from the first output transducer is designed for stable food processor 10, and the voltage from the second output to supply the heating wire 5 through the switch 11. The processor 10 provides for the formation of the control signal at the input of the switch 11, providing an intermittent supply (switching) voltage Converter 9 to the heating wire 5 plates 1, 2 physiotherapy impact.

The device is used as follows. Pushing the plates 1, 2 physiotherapeutic effects due to deformation of the elastic element 3, install them on the scope of the impact (nasal cavity, maxillary sinuses). These plates 1, 2 tightly, the entire working area must adhere to the skin at the area of impact.

Physiotherapeutic device effects for treatment rhinolaryngology diseases is as follows.

The unit is switched on 7 electric power network voltage is supplied to the Converter 9 voltage. At this point, the processor 10 on the output forms impulsepay, opening the switch 11. The switch 11 transmits the voltage from the second Converter output 7 (via its second input) on the heating wire 5 plates 1, 2 physiotherapy impact. The heating wires 5 are heated with heating of the working surface 8 of these plates 1, 2 to a temperature not exceeding 55°C. After that, the CPU 10 turns off the voltage pulse that controls the switch 11 and the switch 11 is closed. When the heat transfer from the working surface 8 of the plates 1, 2 physiotherapeutic effects in the tissue of the patient through his skin temperature of the working surface 8 is lowered to a value no lower than 40°C. thereafter, the CPU 10 repeats. The change of the temperature of the working surface 8 in the range from 40°C to 55°occurs with a gradient from 0.1°C/sec up to 1°C/sec. Unidirectional magnetic field and periodic short-term (no more than 10 seconds) fizioterapevticheskie effects of hyperthermia at a temperature of 55°allow painless to carry out treatment, with significant improvement of effectiveness of treatment and reduce treatment time.

Simplicity of design and operation, portability and low cost allow you to use the device as a home physiotherapeutics the machinery, as well as in the field.

The proposed device provides a more effective treatment rhinolaryngology diseases due to deeper penetration of the unipolar magnetic effects in the tissue of the limited scope of the impact, and reducing the negative effect of adaptation of the organism to physical therapy procedures. The proposed device is simple, convenient and hygienic operation, has a high degree of safety, ease of disinfection. The simple design and low cost configuration can reduce the price of the product, which opens up the prospect of using the device for a wide range of the population.

1. The method of treatment rhinolaryngology diseases, carrying out a sequence of stimulation modes, including the mode of physiotherapeutic effects of magnetotherapy and/or simultaneous effect of hyperthermia and magnetic therapy when the values of the magnetic induction from 30 MT to 50 MT and a temperature of at least 40°C, characterized in that in all modes magnetotherapy perform unidirectional static magnetic field, and the hyperthermia is carried out at a temperature not exceeding 55°With alternating raising and lowering the temperature in the range from 40 to 55°With gradient is 0.1 to 1° With in a second.

2. Physiotherapeutic device effects for treatment rhinolaryngology diseases, containing two plates of physical therapy effects, which are interconnected by an elastic coupling element and having a housing made of plastic masses, tight-fitting located in it the source of the magnetic field and the heating wires, connected through the element of the current lead unit of electric power made by periodic interruption of the supply voltage to the heating wire, characterized in that the heating wire made of nichrome, the magnetic fields are permanent magnets covered by the turns of the heating wire, and the unit's electric power supply includes a voltage Converter, a first output of which is connected to the input of the processor, the output of which connected to the first input of the switch, the voltage Converter is connected to a second output to the second input of the switch, the output of which is output block power supply for connection to the heating wires.

3. The device according to claim 2, characterized in that the plates physiotherapeutic influence of the heating wire made of nichrome 1,2 m long and have a diameter of 0.3 mm

4. The device according to claim 2, characterized in that the magnetic sources on which I have a cylindrical shape.

5. The device according to claim 4, characterized in that the coils of the heating wires are located at a distance of 1-3 mm from the working surfaces of the plates, and the distance between the coils of the heating conductor is (0,3÷1,0)d, where d is the diameter of the source magnetic field.

6. The device according to claim 5, characterized in that the plates physiotherapeutic influence of the distance between the turns of the heating wire 1-3 mm

7. The device according to claim 2, characterized in that each plate physiotherapeutic effects there are from one to three sources of magnetic fields that are installed with the ability to create a positive unidirectional magnetic field to the working surface of the wafer physiotherapeutic effects.

8. The device according to claim 5, characterized in that the dimensions of the plates physiotherapy impacts and magnetic fields are selected from the ratios of L/(d1+...+dn)=C/(d1+...+dn)=2÷6 and B=(2÷4)h, where

L,, - dimensions (respectively the length, width and height) of the plates of physical therapy effects;

d and h - dimensions (diameter and height) of the source of the magnetic field;

n is the number of sources of magnetic field in the plate physiotherapeutic effects.



 

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