Sprinkler machine

FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, sprinkler machines movable around central support.

SUBSTANCE: sprinkler machine has fixed support, self-propelled carts provided with hydraulic cylinders, and water feeding pipeline with sprinkler units. Bracket is fixed to cart power lever. Tips of front and rear pushes are equipped with additional tips. Wheel stops are provided with main and additional brakes and springs. Central angle between main and additional brakes is 125 deg. Main and additional speed regulators positioned on carts, except for terminating cart, are connected through tie-rods with water feeding pipeline. Water is fed from water feeding pipeline to speed regulators through inlet pressure hoses. For actuation of main and additional speed regulators, spherical valves connect outlet pressure hoses with hydraulic cylinder. Additional guides are mounted on cart. Actuation valves mounted on main and additional speed regulator are provided with hydraulic emergency protection pipes.

EFFECT: provision for reversing motion, simplified construction and enhanced reliability in operation of sprinkler machine.

3 dwg

 

The invention relates to agriculture and can be used in irrigation techniques, namely sprinkling machines, moving around the Central support.

Known sprinkling machine circular steps, which includes water conveyance pipeline sprinkler devices, placed on trucks with hydraulic cylinders (see Krakovets V.M., Nikulin SR operator Handbook "Frigate" and "Volzhanka", M, ear, 1976, analog).

A disadvantage of the known machine is that it performs a circular motion around the fixed bearing only clockwise; that does not allow its use in fields with complex configuration where it is impossible rationally to write them in a circle, and prevents the placement under one of the machines a few crops with significantly different frequency of watering.

Also known sprinkling machine, comprising a stationary support, a self-propelled truck with hydraulic cylinders, water conveyance pipeline sprinkler apparatus, in which to implement the reverse movement of water served alternately in the upper and lower hollow cylinders, and change the design of the system controlling the speed of movement of the trolleys (Koshkin NM, Nagorno VA, Gordienko, V.V. Fomin, " GI "Frigate" with reversing course and possibilities of its practical application" W. "elaorate and water management", 2002, No. 4, prototype)

The disadvantage of this sprinkler is substantial complexity and cost, and lack of reliability.

An object of the invention is the provision of a reversing movement, simplifying the design and improving the reliability of the sprinkler.

This task is achieved by the fact that on the power lever trucks fixed arms, tappets fitted with dual tips, and main wheel brakes are welded additional brake with a Central angle 125°and each of the trucks (except the last) is provided with an additional speed control system hydraulic emergency protection, located symmetrically to the main speed controller with respect to the pipeline, each of which connects the output of the pressure sleeve through the ball valve with the hydraulic cylinder, and the inlet pressure sleeve - water conveyance pipeline.

The difference between this pivot from the prototype is that it comes with additional brackets power lever, brakes and speed controllers with hydraulic emergency protection, as well as coupled ends of the plungers. Depending on the direction, the operator connects the respective plungers, brakes and speed controllers. This is substantial it is easier to design sprinkler reverse movement, increases the reliability of its work and decreases the cost of upgrading existing sprinkler machines.

Figure 1 shows a General view of the pivot. Figure 2 shows a self-propelled trolley reverse pivot. Figure 3 shows the location of the primary and secondary speed controllers (top view).

Sprinkling machine (figure 1) consists of a stationary support 1, self-propelled trucks 2 cylinders 3 and water conveyance pipeline 4 with sprinkler apparatus 5. On the power lever 6 (2) truck 2 is fixed to the bracket 7. The lugs 8 and 9 are front and rear plungers 10 and 11 provided with additional lugs 12 and 13. The stoppers 14 and 15 of the wheels 16 is equipped with primary and secondary brakes 17 and 18 and springs 19. Moreover, the Central angle between the primary and secondary brakes 125°. Cart 2 (except the last) set the primary and secondary speed controllers 20 and 21 (figure 3), which with the help of rods 22 and 23 are connected with the water conveyance pipeline 4. The water inlet from the water supply pipe 4, the speed controller 20 and 21 is carried out through the input pressure hoses 24 and 25. For inclusion in the core 20 and an additional 21 speed controller use ball valves 26 and 27 which connect the output pressure hoses 28 and 29 to the hydraulic cylinder 3. N the cart 2 installed additional guides 30 and 31. On the primary and secondary speed controllers 20 and 21 are mounted to the Executive valves 32 and 33 with the tubes 34 and 35 of the hydraulic emergency protection.

The machine operates as follows. When driving clockwise water under pressure is supplied through the stationary support 1 in water conveyance pipeline 4, the self-propelled truck 2 and sprinkler apparatus 5.

Through the inlet of the pressure sleeve 24 and 25 water flows in the primary and secondary speed controllers 20 and 21. The ball valve 27 additional regulator 21 is closed and the ball valve 26 of the main speed controller 20 is opened, and water through an outlet delivery hose 28 is supplied to the hydraulic cylinder 3. The plungers 10 and 11 installed on the power lever 6 and the lifting cylinder 3 move the wheel 16 and the trolley 2 forward. The main brake 17 of the stoppers 14 and 15 is pressed by the spring 19 to the wheel 16 and stoparic cart 2 at idle cylinder 3. The machine rotates around the fixed bearing 1 clockwise and performing irrigation field irrigation apparatus 5. Trouble-free operation of sprinkler provide Executive valves 32 and hydraulic tubing 34 emergency protection basic speed controllers 20.

In order sprinkling machine changed direction and began to rotate in a counterclockwise direction, the machine operator must install the front the rear plungers 10 and 11 on the bracket 7. While the rear pusher 11 turns 180° and the tip 13 is mounted on the wheel 16. The plunger 11 is placed in the upper rail 31. At the front of the plunger 10, the tip 12 is removed and after a turn of 180° again mounted on the plunger 10, which is mounted at one end on the bracket 7, and the other on the wheel 16. The plunger 10 is placed in the guide 30. Additional brake 18 by means of springs 19 are pressed against the wheel 16, and the main brake 17 in this position departs from the wheel 16. The ball valve 26 is closed and the ball valve 27 on the contrary is opened, the water in the cylinder 3 is supplied via the output pressure sleeve 29 and the additional speed controller 21. When the lifting cylinder 3, the plungers 10 and 11 move the trolley in the opposite direction and the car is moving counterclockwise. To ensure trouble-free operation the pivot operator disables the tube 34 hydronamic main speed controllers 20 and connects to the node powering hydraulic tube 35 additional speed controllers 21.

We offer sprinkler machine provides reverse movement clockwise and counterclockwise, after an appropriate permutation of the components and connections of the speed controllers. Moreover, the machine is characterized by simple design, lower cost and provide the supports increasing reliability. Sprinkling machine saves water and energy resources when grown under the same machine multiple crops with different timing of irrigation or one culture for different needs (green forage, hay or seeds). This excludes additional passages for individual sectors of the field. In addition, sprinkling machine can improve the survival rate of seedlings of vegetable crops in the early period of growth by improving the water regime of the soil. Reverse sprinkling machine eliminates watering sectors of the field with a similar level of groundwater. Can be improved irrigation technologies irrigated areas with complex topography and soils of low permeability, through fractional watering small norms. Reverse sprinkling machine will allow you to irrigate non-standard sections, such as pie and rectangular, this increases the coefficient of land use. Additionally, this sprinkling machine allows the operator to lower labor and material costs and losses of agricultural products to align the car after accidental bending of the pipeline.

Sprinkling machine reverse movement embedded in OPH FGNU "Vainiigi" Engels district.

Sprinkling machine, comprising a stationary support, a self-propelled truck hidrocilindrii, a pipeline with a sprinkling apparatus, characterized in that on the power levers trucks fixed arms, tappets fitted with dual tips, and main wheel brakes are welded additional brake with the Central angle between the primary and secondary brakes 125°and each of the trucks, except the last, is provided with an additional speed control system hydraulic emergency protection, located symmetrically to the main speed controller with respect to the pipeline, each of them connected to the output of the pressure sleeve through the ball valve with the hydraulic cylinder, and the inlet pressure sleeve - water conveyance pipeline.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: irrigation of farm crops in furrows, preferably cut along stand pipelines of irrigation network on fields divided into plots for simultaneous irrigation.

SUBSTANCE: method involves uniting simultaneous irrigation plots into daily irrigation groups and separating from one another by means of water-retention webs; performing irrigation of each simultaneous irrigation plot with additional moistening without changing of flow rate by continuing irrigation from each superposed plot with multiple norms for running-up of water along moistened furrows to the end of underlying plot, with superposed plot being irrigated at night; irrigating terminating daily-irrigation plot with soil moisture content not less than critical value and area of said plot being equal to or multiple the area of daily output by tractor after performing of post-irrigation cultivation processes.

EFFECT: provision for irrigation with norms exceeding norms of running-up of water along dry furrows, increased length of irrigation furrows, uniform distribution of water along irrigation furrows, and increased area of daily irrigation.

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FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, technique for cutting of temporary irrigation system, may be used for opening of terrace and closing of temporary irrigation system with ground.

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FIELD: mechanized irrigation of farm crops by sprinkling process, in particular, equipment used in sprinkling irrigation systems.

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EFFECT: enhanced reliability in operation, reduced consumption of power owing to providing of working capacity within wide range of flow rates and pressures and due to eliminating influence of frictional force of sealing means upon working capacity of locking device in its opening phase.

3 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: agriculture, in particular, process and technique for crop irrigation.

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EFFECT: improved quality of irrigation process and simplified construction of machine.

3 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

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3 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, sprinkling and fertilizing technique in irrigated agriculture.

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3 dwg

Sprinkler machine // 2282351

FIELD: sprinkling equipment.

SUBSTANCE: each tower of sprinkler machine is fixed on satellite rigidly coupled to activator, which is actuated for motion by means of two hydraulic cylinders, with one of said hydraulic cylinders being rigidly connected to frame and other hydraulic cylinder being connected pivotally. During operation, hydraulic cylinders are offset with respect to one another.

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Sprinkling machine // 2278507

FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, equipment for sprinkler irrigation of farm crops.

SUBSTANCE: sprinkling machine is adapted for mounting on tractor frame and is equipped with pumping plant, central column, pipelines and mechanisms for changing inclination angle of pipelines relative to horizontal plane. Pumping plant has water intake float valve and is hydraulically communicated with pipelines through flexible members. Pipelines are hung to central column through cable tension members. Pipelines are equipped with gun sprinkler units fixed on their free ends and short-range sprinkler units disposed lengthwise thereof. Mechanisms for changing pipeline inclination angles relative to horizontal plane are formed as power hydraulic cylinders mounted with their bases on central column, their stems being kinematically connected with ends of cable tension members. Gun sprinkler units and short-range sprinkler units are mounted on pipelines so as to keep unit casings in vertical position by means of counterweights. Counterweight body is positioned for rotation around horizontal axis on threaded pipe sleeve. One end of pipe sleeve is fixed by means of check nut in threaded part of nipple oriented in horizontal plane on pipeline. Cavity of pipe sleeve is closed at its other end with treaded stopper. Casing is positioned on outer surface of pipe sleeve between washers made from antifriction material. Washers are biased on said surface by means of flexible member, such as compression spring disposed between shaped washer and disk mounted in conjunction with check nut on free threaded end of pipe sleeve. Counterweight body cavity is adapted for filling with liquid ballast. Water used as liquid ballast is delivered through nipple radial openings. Casing cavity is hydraulically communicated with threaded receptacle for mounting threaded part, casing of gun sprinkler unit or casing of short-range sprinkler unit.

EFFECT: improved quality of sprinkling regardless of wind direction and speed in the process of sprinkling farm crops.

5 dwg

FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, irrigation equipment for farm crops.

SUBSTANCE: sprinkler unit has pumping plant, pipeline hung on tension members operating in upper and side directions. Pipeline consists of joined sections. Short distance jet and long distance jet sprinkler apparatuses are mounted on pipeline. Each of joined pipeline sections is additionally connected with upper and side tension members through closed cable run. One end of cable is inserted into conical opening of pipeline bracket. Other end of cable is mounted in blocking device for blocking said end of cable in fixed position. Blocking device for other end of cable is paired with U-shaped bracket of pipeline.

EFFECT: high quality of irrigation provided by means of sprinkler units located lengthwise of pipeline.

2 cl, 7 dwg

Sprinkler unit // 2246209

FIELD: irrigation equipment mounted on mobile sprinkler units for drop or fine-dispersion sprinkling systems.

SUBSTANCE: sprinkler unit has frame made in the form of three-dimensional construction comprising pipes mounted on vehicle equipped with pumping station and intake hose. Flexible water supply pipeline with sprinkler apparatuses is fixed on frame by means of cables. Water supply pipeline is made sectioned. Each section has segment and flanges connected with one another by means of carrier member made in the form of bent C-shaped profile or rolled part. Sections are connected with one another through adapter member made in the form of hollow spherical shell with disk arranged in meridian plane and with the help of fastening means. Adapter member is arranged in cavities at inlet end and at outlet end of adjacent segments of flexible water supply pipeline. Fastening means are made in the form of pins inserted into axially aligned openings of flanges and disks. Adapter member disk is connected through cable with frame of three-dimensional construction.

EFFECT: simplified construction, reduced metal usage, increased efficiency and improved distribution of artificial precipitation along flexible water supply pipeline.

3 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: agricultural irrigation equipment used in mobile sprinkler units.

SUBSTANCE: boom-type sprinkler unit has frame made in the form of three-dimensional construction composed of pipes and mounted on vehicle equipped with pumping unit. Flexible water pipeline with sprinkling apparatuses is secured on frame by means of cables. Flexible water pipeline is made sectioned. Each section has flexible pipeline segment positioned on carrier member made in the form of pair of longitudinal supports having bent C-shaped profile and flat rings at their end portions. Wide strips of pair of bent C-shaped profile are arranged at an angle to horizontal plane and perpendicular to one another. Said profiles define, in conjunction with rings, trough of carrier member. Adjacent carrier members are connected with one another by means of connecting parts through spacer bushings. One, two or three spacer bushings are made in the form of brackets for connecting cable ends to join with frame. Ends of flexible pipeline segments are mutually joined via transition portion made in the form of bushing. Ends of transition member have conical entrance portions. Annular portion formed on transition member surface is joined with ends of adjacent segments and pairs of yokes on their surface. Cable ends joining brackets are equipped with eye ring receiving slots and mounting openings. Diameter of carrier member rings exceeds outer diameter of transition member by 1.5-1.9 times.

EFFECT: simplified construction and increased efficiency.

4 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, sprinkler equipment for continuous sprinkling of plants on fields.

SUBSTANCE: sprinkler unit has drive part with two pivotally fixed girder booms. Girder has central panel, columns, struts and sprinkler heads arranged on water-feeding belt. Drive part is provided with supporting table and rotary plate. Supporting table is mounted on vertical wall of rear axle of drive part above centrifugal pump. Rotary plate is mounted on supporting table for rotation around shaft, which pivotally connects said plate with supporting table, said plate and table being additionally mutually connected by hydraulic rotational drive. Girder central panel is fixed on rotary plate by means of vertical shaft. Central panel is additionally coupled to rotary plate by means of hydraulic drive of turning mechanism. In operating and transport positions, weight of girder is distributed over surface of supporting table. Mechanisms for rotating of rotary plate and turning of girder central panel simplify movement of girder from operating position to transport position and vice versa.

EFFECT: simplified construction and enhanced reliability in operation.

3 dwg

FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, irrigation of farm crops by means of multitower front sprinkler machines.

SUBSTANCE: wheeled pipeline is made sectioned and is furnished with sprinkler heads, wheeled supports, drive arranged in mid portion of central section, and section coupling means. Pipeline sections have variable section reducing in direction of supplying of irrigation water. Each pipeline section coupling is made in the form of two concentric branch pipes positioned for rotation one with respect to another and for axial displacement. Outer branch pipe is connected with flanges of adjacent carrier members. Inner branch pipe is joined with ends of adjacent pipes of different sizes, said pipes being made from high-pressure polyethylene. Pipes are positioned in cavity of carrier member. Carrier member of each section is made in the form of pair of opposite bent C-shaped sections. Ends of C-shaped sections are joined to flanges. Mounting rings are positioned in mid portion of pairs and adapted for mounting of wheel support hub. Outer branch pipe of pipeline section coupling is made in the form of detachable pair of semi-circles, each being formed by packet of spacer bushings arranged in equally spaced relation between pair of arced belts. Inner branch pipe for connecting ends of pipes made from high-pressure polyethylene is made in the form of outer and inner threaded bushings, each provided with diametrically oriented slots for special wrench for joining with ends of pipes to be connected. Inner bushing has threaded part for screwing into end of pipe of smaller diameter. Ring is disposed on outer end perimeter of pipe of smaller diameter. Inner bushing has cylindrical part joined with inner cylindrical surface of pipe of larger diameter. Its conical part is joined with sawn-through parts at end of pipe of larger diameter. Inner surface of inner bushing is defined by two intersecting conical surfaces with single base of minimal diameter.

EFFECT: uniform distribution of precipitation in the form of rain drops over area under irrigation process owing to constant flow speed of irrigation water into pipeline cavities.

10 cl, 11 dwg

Sprinkler unit // 2248118

FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, sprinkling irrigation of farm crops.

SUBSTANCE: apparatus has supporting members made in the form of cables attached in cantilevered manner to frame top, and irrigation pipeline connected to vehicle through pumping unit. Irrigation pipeline is coupled to frame by means of carrier carcass. Irrigation pipeline and carrier carcass are made sectioned. Each carrier carcass section is defined by pair of C-shaped bent profiles with flat rings at their ends. Profiles are arranged at an angle to one another with their wide strips to define trough. Sections of flexible pipelines made from low-pressure polyethylene are laid on trough. Ends of pipelines are embraced with bands made in the form of steel bushings. Ends of pipelines are joined by means of adapter member. Input parts of connecting member are made conical. Each adapter member is formed as hollow screw with left-handed and right-handed conical threads on their outer surface. Mid portion of screw has disk for fixing irrigation pipeline sections in operating position in rings of carrier carcass by means of paired spacer bushings and attachment means. Disk of adapter member is equipped with group of openings used for assembling-dismantling works. Openings for connection to threaded ends of cables are made in peripheral portions of carrier carcass flanges.

EFFECT: uniform distribution of precipitation in the form of rain drops through width of mobile unit, reduced material usage, simplified construction, and enhanced reliability in operation.

4 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, mechanized irrigation equipment used on wheeled rollable pipelines.

SUBSTANCE: sectioned sprinkler is provided with sprinkling nozzles, wheeled supports, drive disposed in mid portion of central section, and section connecting couplings. Each section has water supply pipeline made from low-pressure polyethylene pipes. Pipes are successively joined to one another by means of couplings. Water supply pipeline is arranged in cavity of carrier part defined by C-shaped bent profiles. Ends of profiles are mutually connected by means of flanges. Length of carrier part is 11,720 mm. Hub of each wheeled support embraces carrier part. Sprinkling nozzles are connected with pipeline through nipples arranged between strips of adjacent C-shaped bent profiles of carrier part.

EFFECT: prolonged service life, simplified construction and reduced production costs of sprinkler.

3 dwg

FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, mechanized sprinkling irrigation with the use of rollable wheeled pipelines.

SUBSTANCE: sprinkler is made sectioned and is furnished with sprinkler heads, wheel-type supports, drive located in mid portion of central section, and section couplings. Each section has water supply pipeline manufactured from low-pressure polyethylene pipes sequentially connected through couplings. Water supply pipeline is placed in bearing part cavity defined by C-shaped bent bars. Bar ends are mutually connected through flanges. Bearing part is 11,720 mm long. Hub of each wheel-type support embraces bearing part. Sprinkler heads are connected with water supply pipeline through nipples interposed between strips of adjacent C-shaped bent bars of bearing part. Each wing connected with central section has overtime clutch.

EFFECT: prolonged service life and simplified construction of irrigation pipeline.

4 dwg

FIELD: agricultural engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to machines for mechanization of drop sparkling of farm crop. Proposed truss includes central panel in form of regular pyramid with square base made of pipes with flanges for connecting bottom chords and four suspensions. Suspensions are orientated along ribs of pyramid and one post. Post is arranged in central panel on one of side faces along apothem. Left-hand and right-hand cantilevers are mated with central panel. Each cantilever consists of one end panel and thirteen intermediate panels. Each intermediate panel is made in form of two posts, one distance piece, front and rear water passing pipes of bottom chords, one upper chord, two inclined braces, two horizontal tension members and two short-range sprinkler heads. End panel is made in form of guy truss. End panel is mated with truss panel by means of distance piece and inclined braces whose mated ends are orientated downwards in cross vertical plane of truss and are located lower than distance piece. Ends of front and rear water passing pipes are connected with guy truss pipeline by V-shaped water passing member. Panels of guy truss are formed by posts and distance pieces, inclined braces and tension members vertically orientated in longitudinal vertical plane. Water passing pipeline of guy part of truss is furnished with drain cock. V-shaped water passing member consists of steel pipes of equal section equal to sections of front rear water passing pipes and pipe line of guy truss. One of pipes of V-shaped water passing member is sectional and provided with threaded sleeve. Sleeve is fitted on threaded bushings. Bushings are installed with displacement outwards from ends of pipes. Bushings are connected by closed girth welds with end sections of parts of pipes to be connected. Insert made of plastic, for instance, fluoroplastic, is mounted between end faces of sectional parts of pipes and in plane of threaded bushings. Inner section of insert is equal to sections of pipes of V-shaped water passing member. Proposed two-cantilever self-aligning truss for sprinkling machines provides uninterrupted delivery of sprinkling water to short range heads of intermediate panels and long-range heads on guy part of truss.

EFFECT: reduced materials usage, improved sprinkling.

9 dwg

FIELD: agricultural engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to machines for mechanization of drop irrigation of crops. Proposed truss has upper and lower chords, central panel in form of regular pyramid with square base and left-hand and right-hand cantilevers mated with pyramid. Central panel has square base made of tubes with flanges for connecting lower chords and four suspensions orientated along ribs. Panel is provided with one post located on one of side faces along apothem of pyramid. Each cantilever consists of thirteen intermediate panel and one end panel. Each end panel is made up of two posts, one brace, two front and rear water tubes of lower chords, one upper chord, two tilted struts and two horizontal tension members. Two heads are fitted on each intermediate panel and end panel. End is made in form of guy-rope truss. It is mated with truss panel by brace and tilted posts. Ends of tilted posts are relative mated from top and bottom by horizontally orientated brace. Mated ends of tilted posts are orientated downwards and arranged lower than brace. Ends of front and rear water tubes in guy-rope part are relative mated by V-shaped water supply member with tube of truss guy-rope part. Panels of guy-rope part of truss are formed by posts and braces, tilted struts and tension members orientated in longitudinally vertical plane. water supply pipeline of guy0rope part is furnished with drain valve. Proposed truss provides 15-20% reduction of materials usage.

EFFECT: improved quality of sprinkling, facilitated servicing.

7 cl, 1 tbl, 53 dwg

FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, irrigation equipment, more particular, continuous motion sprinkler machines for farms.

SUBSTANCE: girder has central panel with two cantilevers pivotally fixed thereon. Each of two cantilevers is made in the form of mutually perpendicular vertical and horizontal girders having belts, columns, angle braces and sprinkler heads on water supply girder. Pipelines on central panel and water supply girder are made in the form of curved circuit line in transverse-vertical plane of sprinkler unit. Circuit line equation is y=a/2(ex/a+e-x/a), where a is distance from surface of field to be irrigated to pipeline arranged in mid portion of central panel; e is Napierian base (Napierian number); x and y are abscissae and ordinates of unknown points of pipeline in Cartesian coordinates XOY, the beginning part of which is aligned with field surface and with vertical axis of symmetry of girdle.

EFFECT: enhanced reliability in operation and increased efficiency.

4 dwg

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