Wood processing and cutting method

FIELD: log processing and conversion.

SUBSTANCE: method involves clamping tree; cutting-off lateral branches and crown; performing barking and horizontal cutting of standing trees, with cutting procedure being performed simultaneously with barking and grinding procedures by drawing through grinding device beginning from tree butt-end and upward; bunching mixture resulted from grinding procedure; notching barked tree in butt-end zone at four sides so as to form base of square section corresponding in size to bar product section; removing notched segments from four sides of tree by performing vertical motion of saws; thereafter separating resultant bar from butt-end; dividing into cuts of predetermined length parameters and individually bunching resulted logs according to designation and sizes. Before or after manufacturing of logs, extracting stumps and grinding or removing from tree growing zone. Method allows ecological situation in wood processing zone to be improved by converting part of waste wood into saw wood and construction or fuel materials, and felled forest to be recovered.

EFFECT: reduced wood losses and waste, improved quality of sawn timber, increased versatility of wood logging procedure, reduced consumption of power and time for wood processing and reclamation by combining a number of procedures and using small-sized maneuverable technique.

2 cl, 5 dwg

 

The invention relates to the processing of trees during harvesting and cutting the assortment, in particular when carrying out selective or sanitary removal of trees.

There is a method of harvesting harvesting machine, including the capture of a tree arm, his cutting and Valka with further transportation in high state (see RF patent №1694082, CL 01G 23/08, 1988). This method cannot be used for selective logging, as it leads to the destruction of or damage to the undergrowth and young promising trees.

There is a method of gentle harvesting the harvesting machine, including the selection of trees to be blank, use of manipulators and telescopic boom with additional support for cutting and transporting wood from the area of the workpiece (see RF patent №1754016, CL 01G 23/08, 1990). When using this method are less injured young, but at the same time clogging forest logging waste, using heavy equipment, transportation untreated trees remaining in the land of stumps makes known method uneconomical and ineffective, not only because of pollution of forest logging waste, but also because of the inability to use the liberated territories directly under the landing of the young.

The most the e closest technical solution to the claimed invention is a method of treatment of trees and wood lumber, includes clamp wood cutting side branches and the crown, Asturiana (removal) of bark and horizontal cutting assortment of lumber at the root (see RF patent №2250599, 01G 23/08, 2004).

This method involves cutting down crown, and then selected branches of trees followed by dosukoi tree at the root, then the cutting down of the tree and the cutting of the cut-to-length sizes. Processing of wood from top to bottom leads to the breaking of fragile tops of the trees. In addition, this method, like the previous one, leads to severe clogging processed forest logging waste (cut branches, crowns, chips). Timber obtained by implementing this method, represent the semi-finished product that requires further processing.

The present invention is directed to the solution of the technical problem of improving environmental conditions in the treatment area of trees with a translation of part of the waste wood into timber or construction or fuel and raw materials, minimise waste wood and forest waste, improving the quality of sawn timber, increasing universalization process of harvesting energy savings of time and resources on wood processing and forest recovery instead of felled trees by combining a number of operations and the capacity and use of small maneuvering techniques.

The solution of a technical problem is achieved by the fact that in the processing method of the trees and wood lumber, comprising a clamp wood cutting side branches and the crown, Asturiana bark and horizontal cutting of timber sawn timber on the stump, cutting lateral branches takes place simultaneously with scorepanel crust and grinding by pulling through a grinding device, starting with the butt of the tree upwards, and obtained by grinding the mixture is stacked, and peeled tree podpalivajut in the butt area with four sides with education the basics of square cross section corresponding to the size range of timber products, and then withdraw filed segments from four sides of the tree by vertical movement drank, after which the beam is separated from the butt, cut into segments of predetermined parameters for length and stacked obtained lumber separately by purpose and size, and before the production of lumber or after their manufacture (sawn timber) is produced by removing the stump with its grinding or removing it from the zone of growth of a tree. Peeled wood left on the vine for natural drying.

The invention is illustrated by drawings.

Figure 1 shows the schematic capture of the tree selected for processing, and the beginning of the movement is of the manipulator. Figure 2 - peeled and filed tree, left for air drying. Figure 3 - removing filed segments from four sides with getting lumber from heartwood of the tree, standing on the vine. Figure 4 - beam of square cross section at the root of the tree. Figure 5 - sawing lumber on the stock and remove root.

How to handle trees and wood lumber includes clamp wood 1 at least in one area, for example, device 2, which contains the pinch rollers and rolled. In this case, Komel 3 will serve as a natural clip in the further processing of the tree 1. Optionally, if the tree 1 is very high and fragile, you can use the additional device 4 with the clamping rollers and rolled. Then make the bottom (from the butt of the tree) up the cutting side branches, and then the crown. Cutting lateral branches are produced simultaneously with scorepanel crust and chopping branches by pulling through a grinding device, combined with uskoryayuschim device and installed on the device 1. Dragging branches and crowns through a grinding device ring-type spanning tree 1 in a circle in the area of the device 2 pay rolled, pinch rollers. After processing, grinding and uskoryayuschim devices on Dere is 1 get the smooth surface 5, which will effectively dry, especially in the natural drying of wood 1 left on the vine. In addition, peeled smooth surface 5 visible flaws tree 1, which gives the opportunity to immediately correct sequence further operations.

Obtained by grinding the mixture (chips) is transported by pneumotropica 6 to bunching device logging machine. Then this mixture (chips) is pressed and stacked in bags, packages or boxes. The resulting chips are valuable raw materials for the furniture industry and for other purposes, which is uneconomical and environmentally unfriendly to leave in the forest, because it pollutes the soil, which often should be used under a new crop of youngsters. Packaging powdered mixture (chip) provides the ability to save raw materials for the furniture industry and to avoid soil contamination remaining after the removal of the trees.

Peeled tree 1 podpalivajut butt in zone 7 with four sides with education the basics 8 square cross section corresponding to the size range of timber products. If you have the opportunity to leave peeled and filed tree 1 for natural drying on the vine, then further processing of wood is greatly simplified and reduced the price by eliminating forced drying and excessive energonut is at. And filed the bottom of the tree 1 dries faster without breaking the structure of the longitudinal fibers.

Then the vertical movement drank 9 filed shoot segments 10 with four sides of the tree 1, after which the beam 11 is separated from the butt 12, is clamped in the clamps 13, is cut to 14 parameters for a given length and stacked obtained lumber separated by appointment and sizes in separate silos forest machines. If the size of tree 1, when the vertical movement drank 9 simultaneously with the removal filed segments 10 produce their longitudinal sawing package pruned boards of a given size and croakers.

If there is no possibility of natural drying peeled and filed trees at the root, the next step vertical movement drank 9 filed shoot segments 10 with four sides of the tree 1, or produce their longitudinal sawing package pruned boards of a given size and croakers. And then the beam 11 is separated from the butt 12, is clamped in the clamps 13, is cut to 14 according to the parameters specified by length. Received packets-edged boards and beams transported in separate bins harvesting machine and press the longitudinal clamps to eliminate their transverse and longitudinal deformation under natural and forced with whom the Cabinet and dousche.

All obtained by lengthwise cutting saws 9 chips also pneumotropica 6 is fed to the bunching device logging machine where it is pressed and packaged together with the rest of the chips.

After the manufacture of lumber produced removing the stub 15 of the lifting unit 16. Thus, a place for planting saplings is released completely. By logging machine additional grinding device, shredded stump 15 and is directed more pneumotropica the mixture (chips) to bunching device, where it is mixed with the rest of the chips that are pressed together with her and stacked. If there is no possibility of further grinding of the stump 15, then it is removed from the zone of growth of a tree 1.

When implementing this method, the treatment zone of trees and wood lumber remains practically uncontaminated waste logging and does not require additional operations for cleaning and clearing the area for the subsequent operation of the liberated soil. In addition, this method allows the use of small maneuvering machinery: there is no need for heavy dvuhserijnyj the behaviors that make processing of cut trees on the weight, in this case the role of the lower clamp performs the butt of the tree, and all his clicks the processing is done at the root.

Thus, the claimed invention solves the technical problem of improving environmental conditions in the treatment area of trees with a translation of part of the waste wood into timber or construction or fuel and raw materials, minimise waste wood and forest waste, improving the quality of sawn timber, increasing universalization process of harvesting energy savings of time and resources on wood processing and forest recovery instead of felled trees by combining a number of operations and the possibility of using a small maneuverable vehicles.

1. How to handle trees and wood lumber, comprising a clamp wood cutting side branches and the crown, Asturiana bark and horizontal cutting of timber sawn timber on the stump, characterized in that the cutting side branches takes place simultaneously with scorepanel crust and grinding by pulling through a grinding device, starting with the butt of the tree upwards, and obtained by grinding the mixture is stacked, and peeled tree podpalivajut in the butt area with four sides with education the basics of square cross section corresponding to the size range of timber products, and then withdraw filed segments from four sides of the tree by VERTIC is a high traffic saws, then the received beam is separated from the butt, cut into segments of predetermined parameters for length and stacked obtained lumber separately by purpose and size, and before the production of lumber or after their manufacture produce removing the stump with its grinding or removing it from the zone of growth of a tree.

2. How to handle trees and wood lumber according to claim 1, characterized in that the peeled wood left on the vine for natural drying.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: forest industry.

SUBSTANCE: forest combine has basic platform with propeller, rotating platform with main telescopic boom and sawing unit. Manipulator with clam is mounted on rotating platform for inclination and rotation relative to its vertical axis. Main telescopic boom has telescopic column bearing delimbing head, upper grip and supporting grip. Cross-cutting mechanism is mounted between upper and supporting grips for movement along axis of column. Sawing unit is formed detachable and is mounted on trailer.

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3 cl, 5 dwg

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The invention relates to logging equipment and can be used in the forest industry, in particular in forestry on forest care

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2 cl, 3 dwg

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6 dwg

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