"reactor" water heating device

FIELD: heat and power engineering, possible use for producing hot water.

SUBSTANCE: water heating device contains getter heat pump with reaction vacuum heat exchange chamber, formed titanium pipe, lid with tubular drain, shaft-lid, which is mounted with possible rotation in a tank with heated water and connects through the lid with tubular drain to additional vacuum chamber, provided with gas leak, where titanium pipe of reaction vacuum heat-exchanger chamber has internal reaction surface, interacting by means of sliding friction to hard alloy elements of cleaner block, positioned inside reaction vacuum heat-exchanger chamber and made in form of a row of diametrically positioned cleaning units, each one of which includes a set of cleaning plates with hard alloy elements, formed on orientation platform, capable of radial movement relatively to reaction surface of pipe by means of sliding platforms under effect of corrugated pipes, mounted on orientation platforms of cleaning units. Corrugated pipes in cleaner block are mounted with ensured compressing working drive, and lids of heat exchanger chamber, made of metal with high anti-friction properties, are hermetically connected to titanium pipe through intermediate metallic rings and pinned through roller bearings onto axial pipe, in which mounted hermetically and non-detachably through technological apertures are front and back lids of hermetic cylindrical vessel, on side surface of which orientation platforms of cleaning units are mounted, and also protective screens are installed, which are fixedly held on front and back lids on outside, and around hermetic cylindrical vessel between cleaning units positioned with attachment to its front and back lids are upper ballast vessel, accumulator vessels provided with chutes and slit passages, and lower ballast vessel in such a way, that between assembled surface formed by them and reaction surface of titanium pipe of reaction vacuum heat exchanger chamber a circular volume is provided, which through gas channels made in the lid with tubular drain, through circular passage, formed between axial pipe and internal surface of tubular lid drain, is connected to an additional vacuum chamber, wherein gas leak through vacuum valve is connected to filter for cleaning atmospheric gases, also, an additional vacuum chamber is connected through vacuum gate and vacuum valve to an additional vacuum input.

EFFECT: increased production of thermal energy during production of hot water.

4 dwg

 

The water heating device relates to a power system and is intended for the production of hot water, coolant, and can also be used in vacuum technology and other sectors of the economy as udachnogo vacuum means.

Known for the design of heating water in "the Way of water heating (RF patent 2279610, IPC F24J 3/00, publ 10.07.2006)containing a cylindrical water tank with stand attached to it the inlet and outlet nozzles and flanges, feedthroughs, getter pump-heat the reactor with the reaction vacuum chamber-heat exchanger having a cover with a tubular outlet, the cover shaft, the tube with the reaction surface - all made of titanium, block, cleaners, hosts and attached bellows (tensile), cleaners carbide elements, additional a vacuum chamber which includes a gas leak, the vacuum input rotation, the front fixing against rotation, pressure gauge, vacuum gauge, gas reducer, gas cylinder, a mechanical pump with a vacuum valve.

The known device has the following disadvantages. A large volume of the vacuum system creates conditions in the vacuum reaction chamber-heat exchanger for inefficient viscosity and transient viscous and molecular flow of gases that exhaust gas is unicipal range required technical parameters and reduces opportunities (significantly) the production of heat and hot water production.

Is difficult admission of atmospheric gases (after bearing) in the reaction vacuum chamber-heat exchanger, and viscous motion of layers of gases in the area pumping gas (reaction surface) is inefficient, moreover, formed by layers of gases often meet on the movement path of the unit cleaners and give him his heat.

The result is reduced production of useful thermal energy, aimed at heating the water.

In the known device the friction surface nodes of rotation, ensuring tightness, made of titanium, which has low friction properties, and coming from atmospheric air through a gas leak in the vacuum system, the aerosol particles are deposited in areas of friction nodes. This leads to rapid wear and disable device to heat water.

Great influence on the reduction of service life of the friction surfaces in the vacuum system has the effect of particles formed from the purification of the oxidized layer of getter material.

Also limits the operating life works getter pump-thermal reactor used in the block purifier bellows, "working in tension".

The objective of the invention is to increase productivity, resources, enhancing opportunities is the first device to heat water.

The problem is solved by the device of heating water containing getter pump-heat the reactor with the reaction vacuum chamber is a heat exchanger formed of titanium pipe, cover with a tubular outlet, a cover-shaft, which is mounted for rotation in the tank with heated water and reported through the cap with tube drainage with additional vacuum chamber equipped with a gas leak, and titanium pipe reaction vacuum chamber-heat exchanger has an internal reaction surface that interact by sliding friction with carbide block elements cleaners, located inside the reaction vacuum chamber, heat exchanger and is made in the form of a number of diametrically spaced nodes cleaning, each of which includes a set formed on the alignment pad cleaning plate with carbide elements, with the possibility of radial movement relative to the reaction surface of the pipe by means of the sliding platforms under the action of the bellows, fixed orientation on the grounds of the treatment unit, in which unlike the prototype bellows unit purifiers installed with the software stroke for compression, and the cell covers, heat exchanger, made of metal with high antifriction with what properties, tightly connected with titanium pipe through an intermediate metal ring and planted through the bearings on the axle tube on which narashima and tightly fitted through the holes front and back cover sealed cylindrical tank, on the side surfaces of which are installed orientation site treatment unit, and planted a protective screens, which are fixedly mounted on the front and back covers from the outside and around the sealed cylindrical containers between nodes cleanup posted by fastening to the front and rear covers of the upper ballast tank capacity-collections, equipped with gutters and slotted passages, and the bottom of the ballast tank so that formed between them the team of the surface and the reaction surface of the titanium tubes reaction vacuum chamber-heat exchanger is provided an annular volume through which gas channels made in the lid with a tubular outlet, through the annular passage formed between the axial tube and the inner surface of the tubular drain cover, connected with additional vacuum chamber in which the gas leak through the vacuum valve connected to the filter atmospheric gases, in addition, an additional vacuum chamber is connected through the vacuum valve vakuumnyi valve with additional vacuum input.

Inventive step of the proposed technical solution is achieved by the following features.

The presence of the cap from the tubular outlet of the rotating gas channels provides an effective supply of the annular volume of the vacuum chamber, heat exchanger atmospheric gases, which increases heat production and productivity device. The constructive execution of the block purifier can significantly reduce the vacuum volume of the reaction chamber and to provide a rational effective molecular flow of gases, in which the internal friction of the molecules is absent, as is done with the walls of the reaction vacuum chamber-heat exchanger. This eliminates viscous "ballast" the movement of gas molecules, in which the device prototype mainly spent on heating block, cleaners, and consequently, increases the efficiency of heat transfer and performance of the water heating device.

The presence of filter atmospheric gases provides the resources node of the rotation device and the durability of the friction sealing materials, ensuring the integrity of the vacuum system. Furthermore, increasing the service life is ensured by the presence in the reaction chamber is a heat exchanger is in a container, collections, to collect the main mass of the migrating particles formed after cleaning the oxidized thin-film layers of getter material.

The invention is illustrated by drawings.

Figure 1 presents a General view of the device of heating water Reactor with partial views, figure 2 - view of the getter pump-thermal reactor in cross-section A-a in figure 3 - view of the getter pump-thermal reactor section b-B, figure 4 presents fasteners and components.

The device 1 contains a getter pump-heat the reactor 1 with the reaction vacuum chamber-heat exchanger 2, a cylindrical water tank 3 with the inlet pipe 4 and outlet pipe 5, the flanges 6, total housing 7, stand 8, the input rotation 9, 10, legs 11, 12, 13, a motor 14, an additional vacuum chamber 15 with the suction input of rotation 16, 17 gauge, gas gearbox 18, the gas cylinder 19, 20 gauge, leak gases 21, the vacuum valves 22, 23, 24, vacuum valves 25, 26, filter for air purification 27, the vacuum input 28, a mechanical pump 29, the control panel containing the ammeter 30, a device for measuring the temperature of the water 31, the device for fixing the number of turns 32. In the getter pump-thermal reactor 1 (figure 2, figure 3), the reaction vacuum chamber is a heat exchanger formed of titanium pipe 33, brass cap 34 with Tr is batim outlet 35 and the gas channels 36, cover-shaft 37, and cover tightly connected with titanium pipe through the intermediate steel rings 38, 39. Both covers are planted through bearings 40, 41 in the axial tube 42, muted side cover-shaft. Inside the chamber, heat exchanger on the axial pipe narashima and hermetically installed front 43 and 44 rear cover sealed cylindrical tank 45. Axial pipe also planted protective screens 46, 47, which are fixedly mounted on the front and back covers with their outer side. Protective screens made of sheet steel in the form of a round flat washers. Between the axial tube and the inner surface of the tubular outlet is formed an annular passage 48.

On the side surface of the sealed cylindrical tank 45 in the orientation pads 49 are treatment units 50, forming a unit of purifiers. Each purification unit contains a set of plates, including the cleaning plate 51, the compensation of the purification plate 52, which is placed on the moving platform 53 through the axis 54 and holes 55, 56 mounted on the side walls of the orientation of the sites. Each cleaning plate has a tungsten carbide cutting element 58. These elements are arranged with a gap 59. Each node includes a bellows 60 pusher 61, mounted on the sleeve 62 in the bellows Cup 63 and wsimages is concerned with a sliding pad 53, and connected with flexible tubing 64. Around a cylindrical tank between the treatment unit 50 posted by top of the ballast tank 65, capacity-collections 66, 67, bottom ballast tank 68. Between them the team with the surface 69 and the reaction surface 70 titanium pipe 33 is formed an annular volume 71. Capacity-collections provided with grooves 72 and slotted passages 73. Constructive performance capacities shown in figure 4, they are attached through the loops 74 using fasteners 75 on the front and rear covers 43, 44 of a cylindrical tank.

In the water heating device on the cradle 8 (in the form of a parallelepiped with a concave surface of one face is made out of a corner and sheet steel), bonded with the General body 7, is installed a cylindrical water tank 3 (stainless steel) with an inlet pipe 4, with the outlet pipe 5, with the flanges 6 having feedthroughs 9 and 10. In a cylindrical water tank 3 is posted getter pump-heat the reactor 1, in which the vacuum reaction chamber-heat exchanger 2 is sealed with a brass cap 34, with brass cover-shaft 37, with a titanium pipe 33, the ends of which are transitional steel rings 38 and 39. Brass cover-shaft 37 through the input rotation 10, through the support rack 12 mounted in bearings connected to the motor 14. Tubular exhaust 5 brass cap 34 through the input rotation 9, after bearing support columns 11 through the vacuum input rotation 16 is entered in the optional vacuum chamber 15, is made of stainless steel in the shape of a rectangular tube. The amount of additional vacuum chamber through the annular passage 48 through the gas channels 36 brass cap 34 is connected with the volume of the vacuum reaction chamber, heat exchanger 2.

Axial pipe 42 at one end through a tight enter additional vacuum chamber 15 through 17 gauge, gas reducer 18 is connected to a gas cylinder 19, the other end (in which the hole plugged) it passes through the through hole of the tubular outlet 35 through a bearing 40 brass cap 34 and is installed in the rolling bearing 41 brass cover-shaft 37.

On the lateral surface of a cylindrical tank 45 is fixed orientation of the platform 49 (made of steel), the side walls are holes 55, 56, which is installed with the axis 54 placed on it by the cleaners 51 (made of structural steel and has the shape of a truncated circular flat disc) with bore 57 and carbide elements 58, having a friction pad-cleaner (it is made of a material VK-8) and installed with a working gap 59 between the carbide elements 58 and placed on the axis 54 of compensation the ion drive 52.

Between the side walls of the orientation of the platform 49 posted by moving the pad 53, which are holes 76 (figure 4) with a sliding fingers 77, mounted on the orientational space 49, in the working hole 78 which is fixed to the sleeve 62, which is attached bellows Cup 63 holds the bellows 60 (with the working stroke of the compression), resulting in the movement of the plunger 61 with increasing bellows volume, which is connected with flexible tubing 64 with a blind hole of the axial tube 42.

Additional vacuum chamber 15, in addition to the above, through the leak gas 21 and through the vacuum valve 22 is connected to the filter atmospheric air 27 from the filter elements mounted in a steel housing with pressure cap, with an additional vacuum chamber 15 is fitted otkachnoj vacuum input 28 with the vacuum valve 23 and the vacuum valve 25. For pre-vacuum pumping system devices heat water "Reactor" additional vacuum chamber 15 through the vacuum valve 26, through the vacuum valve 24 is connected with a mechanical pump 29. The management modes of production of hot water is on the control panel, installed in a common housing 7, where the ammeter 30, a device for measuring the fact is that the temperature of the water 31, the device for fixing the number of revolutions of 32.

The basis of operation of the heating water is a getter pump-heat the reactor 1, the Assembly begins with a unit of purifiers. To do this on the side surface of a cylindrical tank 45 establish the orientation of the platform 49 with the side walls. In the orientation of the platform 49 and the pressing are moving the fingers 77 (figure 4), the sleeve 62. Attach the bellows Cup 63, the bellows 60 with the plunger 61. Connect one end of the flexible tubing 64 with bellows volume, and the other end of the flexible tubing connected to the hole of the axial tube 42. Put on the axial tube 42 of the front cover 43 and the rear cover 44 through the holes. Produce a tight connection (soldering, welding) front and back covers with a lateral surface of a cylindrical tank 45 and the axial tube 42. On moving the fingers 77 through holes 76 installing sliding pad 53. On the side walls orientational sites 49 through the openings 55, 56 installing the axis 54 with cleaning disks 51, placed on the axis 54 through planting hole 57, with carbide elements 58 are installed with a working gap 59. On each axis 54 is installed, in addition, one of the compensation disk 52, but on each axis they are located at different lateral walls at diametrically what rantatie. Cleaning discs 51 and compensation disk 52 are located on the moving platform 53.

Installs on the side surface of a cylindrical tank 45 of the upper sealed ballast tank 65, the bottom sealed ballast tanks 68, capacity-collector 66, capacity-collector 67 using loops 74 and fasteners 75 on the front and rear covers 43, 44 of a cylindrical tank 45. Mounted on the axial tube 42 shields 46 and 47, which are fixed respectively to the front and rear covers 43, 44 of a cylindrical tank 45. The assembled unit of purifiers checked for leaks.

Next, connect the brass cover-shaft 37 through a steel ring 39 with titanium pipe 33 (welding, soldering). In brass cap-shaft set bearing 41. Push the assembled part of the unit cleaners and end plugged the hole of the axial tube 42 is installed in the rolling bearing 41 brass cover-shaft 37. Provide the combination of the friction pads of the elements 58 with the reaction surface 70 titanium tubes 33. Connect the steel ring 38 with the end of the titanium tubes 33. Push in visitorname structural connection on the axial tube 42 brass cap 34 through the bearing 36 through the through hole 48 of the tubular outlet 35 and make the connection by soldering, welding) brass cap 34 with the metal is Kim ring 38. Check the tightness of the reaction vacuum chamber-heat exchanger 2 getter pump-thermal reactor 1.

Getter pump-thermal reactor 1 is placed in a cylindrical water tank 3, which is placed on the cradle 8 total housing 7 and install tubular exhaust 35 brass cap 34 through the flange 6 with the input rotation 9 in the bearing on the support rack 11 from entering through a vacuum-sealed input rotation 16 in the additional vacuum chamber 15 on the one hand, and on the other hand set brass cap-shaft 37 through the flange 6 with the input rotation 10 in the bearing on the support rack 12.

Before starting the devices heat water "Reactor" 1 all switching nodes (mechanical, electrical) are in a disconnected state, the vacuum system checked for leaks, control panel, checked the operation of the ammeter 30, the device for measuring the temperature of the water 31, device fixing the number of turns 32. Additional vacuum chamber 15 is connected through the vacuum input rotation 16 of the reaction vacuum chamber-heat exchanger 2 (rotating during operation in the aquatic environment) and with all necessary during operation of the getter pump-thermal reactor 1 switching nodes. Block cleaners reversal of the axial tube 42 is installed in the working position the tion, namely, with the top sealed ballast capacity 65 located at the top and bottom sealed ballast tank 68 at the bottom. - Pedestal fixing against rotation 13 of the axial tube 42 is fixed in this position. (Install the operating position is at a pre-determined orientation to the label on the axial tube 42, not shown.)

Heating device for water "Reactor", placed on a common housing 7, is as follows. A cylindrical water tank with 3 fixed thereto flanges 6 with inputs of rotation 9 and 10, mounted on a support 8, is filled with water. Circulate water through the outlet 5, the consumer, inlet pipe 4, a cylindrical water tank 3. On the panel is installed in the device for measuring the temperature of water 31 water heating temperature of 85°and continuous operation (with short outages) devices heat water. Provides preview option of pumping the vacuum system. To do this, include a mechanical pump 29, the vacuum valve 24, the vacuum valve 26 (taking into account the fact that the volume of the vacuum system is relatively small, namely an order of magnitude smaller than the prototype) and produce vacuum degassing (preliminary) additional vacuum chamber 15. Through the vacuum input rotation 16, through the annular volume 48 between settling the second tube 42 and the inner surface of the tubular outlet 35, through the switching gas channel 36 also produce the pumping volume of the reaction vacuum chamber-heat exchanger 2. Upon reaching the vacuum gas pressure of 0.6 PA To 0.3 PA close the vacuum valve 24, the vacuum valve 26, turn off the mechanical pump 29. Vacuum pressure measured by the gauge 20. In the getter pump-thermal reactor 1 in the orientation sites 49 block cleaners set pressure of the friction pads of the elements 58 cleaners 51 on the reaction surface 70. To do this, the gas cylinder 19 through a gas reducer 18, through a 17 gauge, axial pipe 42 via the auxiliary vacuum chamber 15 through the through hole of the tubular outlet 48 through a bearing 40 brass cap 34 through the front cover 43 of a cylindrical tank 45 through the connection with flexible tubing 64 is fed excess pressure of the atmospheric gas in the bellows volume bellows cups 63. The excess pressure of atmospheric gases ensures the increase of the bellows volume, which, acting on the bellows 60, compresses it and actuates the plunger 61 within the sleeve 62. In its path of movement of the plunger 61 rests in a sliding pad 53, which are installed through the holes 76 for moving the fingers 77 and has the possibility of movement in the direction of impact of the pusher 61. On moving the site location is s cleaners 51, 52 carbide elements 58, having a friction pad treated with "ointment" to the reaction surface 70 prior to operation. The cleaner 51 is made in the shape of a truncated circular flat disc and have a mounting bore 57 is offset from the center of rotation, through which the axis 54, mounted on the side walls of the orientation of the platform 49. On each axis 54 along with the disk 51 has one compensation disk 52, which is located at the side wall of the viewing area but at different ends, running in a pair of diametrically spaced sites. Moving the platform 53, moving in the direction of movement of the pusher 61, rotates the disks cleaners 51 around the axis 54 and moves the fixed carbide elements 58 to the reaction surface 70 titanium tubes 33, which pressed against her rubbing their sites.

Used in construction sites the bellows are in compression, which increases the wall thickness of titanium tubes 33 in 2-2,5 times in comparison with the prototype, as stroke compression is 70-75% of the maximum stroke according to GOST 22388-77. Therefore, the resource of a device of heating water Reactor will be increased by 2-2 .5 times. In addition, the use of structural nodes of the bellows, working in compression, allows to produce blocks of PTS is stitely complete, for each orientation of the platform 49 and validate their actions.

Installation and adjustment of the supplied value of the excess pressure of the atmospheric gas in the bellows volumes of produced gas 18 pressure control by the pressure gauge 17. Supplied to the pressure of atmospheric gases set such that the friction pad carbide elements 58 (sliding friction) would provide full clearance of the first film layer from chemical compounds with getter material of the reaction surface 70. The pressure of atmospheric gases supplied into the bellows volume and current carbide elements on the reaction surface 70, determine the calculated and experimentally depending on the area of the friction pads and the type of getter material. In the sample area of the friction pads is equal to 17.5 mm2. The value supplied excess pressure of atmospheric gases is equal to 3,5-4,5 at, and the applied getter material W-4. Later in the unit water heating Reactor is introduced into the work of the getter pump-heat the reactor 1. To do this, initiate motor 14 (rust=2.5 kW), which provides the rotation of the vacuum reaction chamber, heat exchanger 2 with the reaction surface 70 speed 60 rpm to Produce the control load character who sticks motor 14, which determine the state of the cleaning process of thin-film layers of getter material. The rotation of the reaction vacuum chamber, heat exchanger circulating water in a cylindrical water tank 3 is activated, and it made a circular motion of the water layers. Due to the cumulative impacts on the aquatic environment circulation and activation ensures the efficient movement (contacts) macroscopic particles of water relative to each other and rotating surface of the reaction vacuum chamber, heat exchanger, which ensures highly efficient dissipation of heat energy (with high efficiency) heat exchanger.

Stationary reaction surface 70 of the reaction vacuum chamber-heat exchanger 2 is covered educated on her thin-film layer of chemical compounds (oxides, nitrides, hydrides, etc.)

Produce rotation of the reaction surface 70 titanium tubes 33 and provide surface friction - slip on pressed against her, rubbing the pad of carbide elements 58 posted with a working gap 59 cleaners 51. In the result, this is the surface deformation destruction of the thin-film layer of chemical compounds and cleaning it with a getter material (titanium). Surface deformation destruction tonkel the night of the layer of chemical compounds and schittko it with getter material is produced throughout the reaction surface 70 by placing cleaners 51 two rows of diametrically and offset relative to each other on the fixed block cleaners (with each turn, the reaction of the vacuum chamber, heat exchanger 2). The offset is provided by compensating plates 52 mounted on the axis 54. This offset ensures the elimination of untreated plots of the reaction surface between the working clearances 59 carbide elements 58. An operating mode of the deformation process of destruction and purification thin-film layer of chemical compounds with getter material is controlled by changing the load characteristics of the motor 14, as measured by the ammeter 30. As a result of destruction and purification thin-film layer on the reaction surface 70 provides a chemically clean the surface of the getter material. Produced by friction - sliding mechanical energy is transformed into thermal energy. Heats up the heat exchanger. Heat energy for one turn of the reaction surface is equal to 1.5-2 kcal.

Created chemically clean the surface of the getter material interacts with the active gases in the vacuum volume of the reaction vacuum chamber, heat exchanger 2, through physical and chemical bonding of gas molecules adsorption process (physical and chemical adsorption) with evolution of heat. Provides adsorption on chemically active gases purely the surface of the getter material, called getter pumping gas. While the prevailing mechanism in the adsorption exhaust gases is chemical adsorption (chemisorption), which is ensured by the production of chemical reactions to chemically clean the surface of the getter material with the formation of the thin film layer thickness of 2-3 Angstrom obtained in the formed molecular layer within a fraction of a second. The formation of a thin film layer of chemical compounds is emitting thermal energy on the reaction surface 70. Heats up the heat exchanger. The pumping rate of the active gas getter pumping or getter pump the sample inside the vacuum reaction chamber) at a temperature T=293 K is:

when the gas pressure is P=18,03×10-5PA - 37.6 l/s, and

when the gas pressure is P=18,03×10-4PA - 376 l/s active area of getter material 4520 cm2and with the number of adsorbed molecules on 1 cm2chemically clean the surface of the getter material in 1 s,

when the gas pressure is P=18,03×10-5PA - 0,7×1019pieces,

when the gas pressure is P=18,03×10-4PA - 0,7×1020pieces,

the value of thermal energy emitted in one second is equal to:

when the gas pressure is P=18,03×10-5PA - 12,08 kcal,

when the gas pressure is P=18,03×10-4

The above sequence of technological process of water heating, namely the destruction and clearance of thin-film layers of chemical compounds, heat energy is released, providing a chemically clean the surface of the getter material, adsorption of gases, getter pumping, formation of a thin film layer of chemical compounds, the release of thermal energy, refers to the surface structural changes of the reaction surface of getter material per revolution of the reaction vacuum chamber-heat exchanger. Next, the sequence of heating water is repeated with the beginning of each turnover reaction of the vacuum chamber, heat exchanger.

Continued pumping of all gases in the vacuum system of the device to the maximum value that is able to provide getter pump - thermal reactor. The sample, it amounted to P=was 9.33×10-6PA. This value is required to identify opportunities getter pump when the operating vacuum mode. Select the mode of working vacuum pressure gases, the operation of thermal reactor R=18,03×10-5PA (comparable with the regime of the prototype) and install it, producing hot water. Why open the vacuum valve 22, is connected at one end to filter atmospheric air 27, the other end into Nate is the gas motor 21. Open the gas leak 21, and the air enters through an additional vacuum chamber 15 into the vacuum system of the device, pre-profiliavimas through the filter elements of the filter atmospheric air 27 (filter elements made of material LFS-2 and are designed for fine cleaning of gases from particles and dust with a diameter of up to 0.1 microns, the operation of which is possible in pipelines up to 2×105PA). The presence of the filter provides the resources of the nodes of rotation from repairs, to repair and durability friction sealing materials, ensuring the integrity of the vacuum system. Supplied atmospheric air into the vacuum system (which compared with the prototype has a vacuum volume one order of magnitude smaller) via the auxiliary vacuum chamber 15, through the annular passage 48 between the axial tube 42 and a tubular outlet 35 through the gas channel 36 (which rotate) fills the annular volume 71 and the remaining small volume of the reaction vacuum chamber, which is getter pumping active gases, providing their molecular flow.

Constructional execution unit cleaners on a cylindrical tank 45 has reduced the volume of the reaction vacuum chamber-heat exchanger 2 in one order and to ensure rational, efficient molecular flow of gases, in which the internal friction of the molecules is absent, and the friction with the walls of the "pipeline" or camera. This eliminates viscous "ballast" the movement of gas molecules, which the prototype is the primary and which much of the heat energy goes into heating block cleaners.

Molecular flow of gases is produced in the annular volume 71 and the space between the brass cap 34 and the protective screen 46 and, respectively, between the brass cap-shaft 37 and the protective screen 47. Ring volume 71 formed by rotating the reaction surface 70 and a fixed team surface 69, which consists of the surface of the sealed ballast tanks 65, 68, of the surfaces of the containers-collections 66, 67, from cleaners 51 placed on the alignment sites 49. The above components team surface 69 with the screens 46, 47 are protective, closed "shell", which is molecular flow of gases, while providing thermal protection of a cylindrical tank 44 placed in her by the Executive sites. In addition, components of the national team of the surface 69 can be adjusted value annular volume 71, changing the thickness of the components.

The tanks compilations 66, 67 in addition to the above purpose, the main task is to collect particles pic is E. purification of the oxidized thin-film layers of getter material cleaners. The ongoing process of collecting the following: underneath cleaners 51 in the orientation sites 49 chute 72 tanks collections 66, 67 fall under its own weight formed after cleaning particles of oxidized layers that slide down the chutes in the slotted passages 73 and deposited in containers-collections. Collection of the main mass of the migrating particles provides increased durability of the friction surfaces in the vacuum system getter pump-thermal reactor and, consequently, prolong the service life of the device heating the water. The incoming continuous stream of atmospheric air pressure P1=1,013×105PA in the amount of vacuum of the reaction chamber is pumped getter pump with a speed of 37.6 l/C. Adjustment of gas leak set vacuum working pressure gases P2=18,03×10-5PA, which is provided formed of opposing, the resulting flow of gases in the volume of the vacuum reaction chamber with the pressure of the gas.

P3=1,0129999×105PA=101299,99 PA =0,9927399 kg/cm2

P3=P1-P2; P3=F; F is the total normal force, with P1- gas pressure at the outlet of the gas channel 36 brass cap 34 (practically it is an additional chamber 15 at the exit gases from the gas leak 21, but given the fact that it is small from Jaimie calorific value, related to thermal losses, the calculation they are not taken into account),

P2- pressure gases at the end of the pipeline (ring volume 71) at the inner surface of the brass plate-shaft 37. Since the gas pressure is characterized as

where ΔF is the normal force, and

ΔS - surface area, seeking to 0

the resulting pressure equal to the normal force at ΔS→0 if your move will be to do the work And, hence, A=A1+A2,

where A1the work done by the normal force F on S1square active surface with the movement of l1=0.67 m, and

And2the work done by the normal force F on S2square passive surface (adopted taking into account surface roughness when machining material, protrusions, etc.) moving 12=0,m

F=0,9927399 kg/cm2,

S1=4520 cm2, S2=9589,62 cm2,

l1= 0.67 m, l2=0.4 m,

F1=4487 kg, F2=9520 kg

then A1=4487×0,67=3006,29 kg/m

A2=9520×0,4=3808 kg/m

A=6814,29 kg/m=66848,18 J.,

A=15976,715 cal=15,976 kcal.

or Q3=15,976 kcal.

As a result, the sample device of heating water "Reactor" at an operating vacuum pressure 18,03×10-5PA produces thermal energy:

Q=Q1+Q2+Q3=2+12,08+15,976=30,056 kcal,

where Q is the total t is Plava energy, produced in 1,

Q1heat energy is produced in 1 with the friction-slip carbide elements about the reaction surface 70,

Q2heat energy is produced in 1 when the adsorption reaction process getter pumping active gases

Q3heat energy is produced in 1 with the molecular motion of gases from the internal friction of a rotating surface reaction of the vacuum chamber of the heat exchanger 2.

Produced in this mode, thermal energy (and consequently the production of hot water) is increased in 2 times in comparison with the prototype, which at this high pressure gases this value is 13-15 kcal and is approximately 10% increase in the average value of the vacuum working pressure. Molecular flow of gases heats the team also surface 69, namely ballast tanks, containers-collections, protective screens. The majority of molecules in the annular volume 71, passes from one surface of the pipeline to another without collisions and mainly on the rotating inner surface of the reaction vacuum chamber - heat exchanger 2. In the annular volume 71 when the stabilization process of production of thermal energy at each specified mode creates a thermal barrier due to the heating of the volumes team surface is ti 69, which simultaneously provides thermal protection block cleaners, heating is also a low intensity current of gases. The temperature of the heating block cleaners should be no more than the set temperature of the heating water. Fixing this temperature is a thermocouple installed inside a cylindrical tank 45 of the block purifier (not shown). With the increase of the temperature at the steady state mode of production of thermal energy is a signal that there is a surplus of heat energy, which does not have time to miss the conductivity of getter material and followed by heating of the internal parts of the unit of purifiers. This phenomenon is eliminated by reducing the supply of atmospheric air leak 21 with increasing operating vacuum pressure, or increasing the circulation of the mass of the feedwater. Set a stable temperature of water supplied to consumer - 85°and the heating temperature of the block purifier 70°C. heating Device for water "Reactor" was released on a long operational mode with defined settings. With increasing water temperature, temperature unit of purifiers is above the threshold value set on the instrument (not shown), is turned off, the vacuum valve 22, which terminates the supply air without the ha through the leak gases 21, disables the motor 14 and the stop of rotation of the reaction vacuum chamber-heat exchanger 2. There is a natural cooling of the water. When the temperature of the water and the temperature of the block purifier below the threshold value set on the instrument (not shown)included in the operation of the motor resumes operation getter pump-thermal reactor 1, includes a vacuum valve 22 and is fed through a customized leak gases 21 atmospheric air, resumed work on the heating of water. The operational process is repeated.

When switching to another vacuum operating mode of energy production, production of hot water change if necessary, set the temperature of the water supplied to the consumer, and carried out at the operational mode of the above. Leaves without changing the parameters of a mechanical processing (cleaning oxidized film) of getter material using excessive pressure.

In the water heating the Reactor in a vacuum chamber mounted technological otkachnoj vacuum input, intended for devices heat water "Reactor" as a getter pump (udachnogo funds) for other processes. Pumping technology volume (drawing n is shown) as follows. Technological volume is connected through a pipeline (not shown) to the vacuum valve 25 which is connected to the vacuum valve 23 technological input 28 mounted on an additional vacuum chamber 15. I started to work on any device mode heating water "Reactor" close the vacuum valve 22, blocking the flow of atmospheric air. Open the vacuum valve 23. Open the vacuum valve 25 and produce the pumping process volume. The pumping speed depends on the sectional area of the annular passage 48. In the sample, the pumping speed of the gases is 15 l/s Maximum pressure that can be obtained is was 9.33×10 PA provided the tightness of the pumped volume of the warm-up and removal of gases prior mechanical pumping, which are poorly pumped getter pump. Upon reaching the desired vacuum pressure in the process volume is closed, the vacuum valve 23, close the vacuum valve 25. Open the vacuum valve 22 and the device is heating the water "Reactor" provide the necessary operational mode.

Thus, new in the submitted technical solution is the following.

In the water heating device "Reactor" was created almost a new design getter pump-thermal reactor, the progressiveness of which core the van on the relationship in the process of new construction sites, such as reaction of the vacuum chamber-heat exchanger with gas passages and the use of new materials, block, cleaners, picked on the side surface of the cylindrical container sealed ballast tanks, containers-collections, providing together with protective screens protect from heat exposure on the Executive sites. As a result of their use is provided a rational, effective molecular flow of gases, the use of which allowed to increase the production of thermal energy and hot water production fluid in the high working pressure of gases in 2 times, and in other modes, the increase was approximately 10%. Introduction to engineering development containers-collections allowed us to collect the formed particles when cleaning the oxidized film of getter material, which considerably increased service life getter pump-thermal reactor.

In the proposed technical solution applied to new components and materials, such as filter cleaning atmospheric air, bellows, working in compression, brass, structural steel, process vacuum input, which is approximately 2 times increased service life of the device heating the water. In addition, you can use it as a vacuum getting the pump in other processes.

Heating device for water containing getter pump - heat the reactor with the reaction vacuum chamber is a heat exchanger formed of titanium pipe, cover with a tubular outlet, a cover-shaft, which is mounted for rotation in the tank with heated water and reported through the cap with tube drainage with additional vacuum chamber equipped with a gas leak, and titanium pipe reaction vacuum chamber-heat exchanger has an internal reaction surface that interact by sliding friction with carbide block elements cleaners, located inside the reaction vacuum chamber, heat exchanger and is made in the form of a number of diametrically spaced nodes cleaning, each of which includes the kit is formed on the alignment pad cleaning plate with carbide elements, with the possibility of radial movement relative to the reaction surface of the pipe by means of the sliding platforms under the action of the bellows, fixed orientation on the grounds of the treatment unit, characterized in that the bellows unit purifiers installed with the software stroke for compression, and the cell covers, heat exchanger, made of metal with high sliding properties, is hermetically coupled to fanboy pipe through an intermediate metal ring and planted through the bearings in the axial tube, where narashima and tightly fitted through the holes front and back cover sealed cylindrical tank, on the side surfaces of which are installed orientation site treatment unit, and planted a protective screens, which are fixedly mounted on the front and back covers from the outside and around the sealed cylindrical containers between nodes cleanup posted by fastening to the front and rear covers of the upper ballast tank capacity-collections, equipped with gutters and slotted passages, and the bottom of the ballast tank so that formed between them the team of the surface and the reaction surface of the titanium tubes reaction vacuum chamber-heat exchanger is provided the annular volume of that gas through the channels made in the lid with a tubular outlet, through the annular passage formed between the axial tube and the inner surface of the tubular drain cover, connected with additional vacuum chamber in which the gas leak through the vacuum valve connected to the filter atmospheric gases, in addition, an additional vacuum chamber is connected through the vacuum valve and vacuum valve with vacuum input.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: atomic industry; heat-and-power industry; other industries; production of the electrogenerating installations powered by the low-potential water.

SUBSTANCE: the invention is pertaining to the field of electrical engineering, in particular, to the electrogenerating installations working on the low-potential water and may be used at the spill into the open pond of the water cooling condensators of the atomic and heat power plants. The technical result of the invention is the possibility of operation using the low-potential heat-carrying medium. The possibility is based on usage of the hollow magnet with the magnetic transformation temperature lying between the temperature of the power source and the environment temperature. The water with the temperature of 30-50°ะก heat ups the hollow magnet, it loses its magnetic properties and floats. In the water of the pond it is cooled below its magnetic transformation temperature, restores the magnetic properties and is attracted downwards by the magnets. The hollow magnet is kinematically linked to the armature of the linear generator, which crossing the stator windings by the magnetic lines induces in it the electric current flow.

EFFECT: the invention ensures the possibility of operation of the electrogenerating installation.

3 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: hydrodynamic heat-generators used for liquid warming up and room heating.

SUBSTANCE: heat-generator comprises pump impeller having peripheral swirled liquid flow generation means, which creates high-velocity liquid flow rotating about impeller axis and body. The swirled liquid flow passes into body end tore-forming chamber having axial liquid supply channel for liquid delivery from outer heat-exchanging loop. Annular outlet channel is created between axial liquid supply channel and body chamber. The annular outlet channel has nozzle unit connected to annular outlet channel inlet. Annular outlet channel outlet smoothly passes into tubular discharge channel through supply channel. Supply channel is electrically isolated from the body and discharge channel. Supply channel is linked to power source and to high-voltage electric pulse source, which applies electric pulses to liquid flowing through nozzle to increase heat generation intensity and to control thermal heat-generator power.

EFFECT: possibility of impeller pump having increased driving motor usage and increased efficiency of working heat-generation processes.

12 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: heat engineering, particularly heat sources used in heating and hot water supply systems and for processing liquid heating.

SUBSTANCE: heat-generator comprises cylindrical body formed of standard pipe, lid arranged in upper body part, bottom having outlet orifice arranged in lower body part, cyclone rigidly connected with lid and made as two cone connected with each other by cone bases. Outlet orifice of the bottom is connected with pump inlet by means of overflow pipe. Body and cyclone define two chambers having different volumes. One chamber arranged in lower body part has volume less than that of another chamber. Outlet pipe is arranged on cylindrical body surface and is located in lower part of the chamber. Inlet pipe is tangential to body and is in upper part thereof.

EFFECT: simplified structure along with decreased metal consumption and size.

2 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: heating engineering, particularly liquid heating equipment.

SUBSTANCE: liquid heating device comprises heat-generator having outlet pipe, electrically driven main-line pump connected to heat-generator, supply and return pipelines provided with shutoff valves, which establish heat-generator communication with heat-exchangers. Heat-insulated sealed heat-exchanger is arranged between outlet pipe and supply pipeline. The heat-exchanger has turbine communicated with electric drive. Outlet heat-generator pipe is made as converging nozzle provided with curvilinear grooves in inner surface thereof. The curvilinear grooves extend from inlet orifice to outlet one in longitudinal direction.

EFFECT: increased energy-conversion efficiency.

1 dwg

FIELD: heat power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: cavitation heat generator comprises pump whose outlet is connected with the device for swirling the flow at the inlet of the vortex chamber provided with axial output passages from the both faces. One of the passages is made of an axial nozzle, and the passages are interconnected through the ring chamber of the housing. The chamber is provided with throttling nozzles at the inlet and outlet deflector that supplies swirled flow to the axial nozzle of the vortex chamber with the opposite swirling. Both of the flows enter the resonator. The electrode terminals for connecting to the high-frequency electrical generator are mounted from both side of the central vortex passage. The housing surfaces of the vortex and ring chambers are electrically insulated one from the other and are connected with the power source.

EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.

1 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: heat power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to devices for creating thermal energy by recovery of excess pressure of gas on gas distributing station and gas distributing points. Proposed turboplasma hydraulic heater contains turbine with nozzle assembly and runner. Electric generator arranged inside housing made of gas passing pipe connected to gas pipeline, and plasma pulse generator (tacitron) electrically coupled with liquid heating device arranged outside the housing. Said liquid heating device is essentially elexctromagnetic oscillation converter submerged into reservoir with liquid which converts electromagnetic oscillations of plasma generator into ultrasonic oscillations. Electric current generated by electric generator is used for starting plasma generator.

EFFECT: enlarged functional capabilities for use of recovered thermal energy.

4 dwg

FIELD: heat power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to heat generators and it can be used for main and standby heating of rooms of any purpose, for hot water supply and heating of processing liquids. Proposed liquid heating device contains fixed split housing with inlet channels and outlet channel, and rotor with blind holes installed in housing for rotation. Housing and rotor consist of cylindrical and conical parts with diameter of cone base smaller than diameter of cylindrical part. Rotor is made hollow. Form of space is similar to form of rotor outer surface. through holes are made on conical parts of rotor and through and blind holes are made on cylindrical and end face surfaces of cylindrical part of rotor. Clearance between outer cylindrical surface of rotor and inner cylindrical surface of housing is made different in size owing to displacement of axes of generating circumferences of cylindrical surfaces of housing and rotor.

EFFECT: increased liquid heating efficiency.

2 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: heat power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention can be used as thermal energy source in heating and hot water supply systems. Proposed liquid heating device contains stator with space, inlet channel to let in liquid, outlet channel to let out liquid and rotor with blind holes installed with clearance into stator space. Stator space and rotor are made in form of truncated cone. Radial slots are made on surface of vertex of rotor generating cone and outlet hole is made on surface of stator in center opposite to rotor surface Outlet branch pipe is arranged coaxially with said hole. Perforated sleeve and brake device are stationarily installed inside outlet branch pipe. Bottom with outlet channel is arranged on end face of outlet branch pipe opposite to outlet hole. Cylindrical surfaces of rotor and stator steps have displacement of different direction relative to each other.

EFFECT: increased heating efficiency.

2 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: heat power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention can be used as heat power source in heating and hot-water supply systems. Proposed heat generator for heating of liquid consists of reservoir with supply branch pipe to fed cold water and outlet branch pipe to let out heated liquid. Heat exchanger is made in form of sealed cylindrical housing with alternating through and blind slots on inner end face surfaces and radial heat transfer ribs on outer end face surfaces. Ribs are made in form of flat plate or in form of more complex figure. Water heater is rigidly secured on shaft inside heat exchanger. Water heater is made in form of disk with similar slots and through holes arranged close to shaft which is installed on bearing support with sealing and is coupled through clutch with electric motor. Supply branch pipe is hermetically coupled with delivery branch pipe installed in center of end face surface of heat exchanger. Outlet branch pipe with throttling plate is arranged on cylindrical surface of heat exchanger. Outer surface of reservoir is coated with heat and sound isolator, and reservoir proper is mounted on vibration isolators.

EFFECT: increased efficiency, simplified design.

2 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: electrical engineering, possibly electric energy generating plants on base of liquid low-potential power source.

SUBSTANCE: electric energy generating plant includes converter of neat energy of low-potential water to kinetic energy applied to electric energy generator. Plant is mounted on draining pipeline and it has linear-structure electric energy generator. Said converter is made material with shape memory effect having transition point between temperature of low-potential water and environment and it is kinematically coupled with armature of linear- structure generator. Converter is jointly mounted with possibility of moving from low-potential water to environment and from environment to low-potential water. Environment may be in the form of water pool to which low-potential water is discharged.

EFFECT: possibility of using heat of low-potential waters with temperature 30 - 50°C discharged every day from cooling systems of waters of nuclear and heat electric power stations.

2 cl, 2 dwg

Friction heater // 2244223

FIELD: low-power engineering, applicable as a component of windmills for production of heated water in houses not provided with centralized hot water supply.

SUBSTANCE: the friction heater has a tank with heated liquid, fixed and rotary disks coupled to the drive shaft for joint axial motion, and a propeller with the working force in the direction of the disks are installed in the tank. The novelty in the offered heater is the installation of additional fixed and rotary disks, the propeller is fastened on the drive shaft, and each of the rotary disks is installed between two fixed disks, and a float located above the propeller for rotation relative to the drive shaft and for axial motion on the latter.

EFFECT: enhanced efficiency of heater operation at the same rotary speed of the drive shaft.

1 dwg

FIELD: cavitation and vortex heat generators; heating liquids in various hydraulic systems; activation of mixing, dispersion and chemical interaction processes.

SUBSTANCE: proposed hydrodynamic heat generator is provided with liquid accelerator made in form of bladed impeller at guaranteed small clearance; it is mounted in circular bush provided with tangential passages located over periphery and used for connecting the peripheral surface of impeller with vortex cylindrical chambers found in bush through longitudinal slots in their lateral surfaces. Mounted at outlet of cylindrical vortex chambers are accelerating packings extending to braking chamber where cavity resonators are arranged. Bladed impellers may be of different types: open or closed-type centrifugal impellers at angle more than 90 deg. and centrifugal vortex impellers; vortex and braking chambers may be also made in different versions.

EFFECT: low losses of energy; enhanced stability of cavities; enhanced efficiency.

15 cl, 5 dwg

Heating device // 2251645

FIELD: heat power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: heating device comprises generator of heat energy and system for supplying heat to a consumer, which are interconnected through the supplying and discharging pipelines forming a closed contour. The contour has a net pump and at least one recirculation pipeline which receives at least one member provided with a converging pipe, diverging pipe, and one ring groove made between the diverging and converging pipes. The method of operation of the heating device comprises pumping the heat-transfer agent in the contour comprising at least one member with converging and diverging pipes. The heat-transfer agent is pumped under pressure which excludes the onset of cavitation in the heat-transfer agent flow.

EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.

16 cl, 7 dwg

FIELD: heat-power engineering; heating systems; water heating systems, public services, agricultural sector and transport facilities.

SUBSTANCE: steam from electric steam generator is delivered to jet apparatus nozzle where it is mixed with cold liquid flow for forming two-phase flow at acceleration to supersonic velocity. At mixing chamber outlet, this two-phase flow is decelerated for forming shock wave and converting the flow into liquid flow after shock wave. Then, flow is divided and one part is directed to heat exchanger of vortex tube where it is heated and directed for replenishment of electric steam generator. Other part is directed to nozzle apparatus where it is accelerated to supersonic velocity for forming two-phase flow, after which it is decelerated for converting it into liquid flow saturated with micro-bubble component. Nozzle apparatus outlet is connected with swirler inlet where vortex flow is formed; from swirler, flow is directed to vortex tube where heat is released and flow is divided into hot and cold components. From vortex tube, flow is directed to heat exchanger for transfer of heat to second loop; cooled liquid flow is directed to ejector inlet.

EFFECT: enhanced efficiency of plant.

1 dwg

FIELD: power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: device comprises high-pressure pump, hydraulic motor, and safety device which are arranged in the tank under the level of fluid. The delivery space of the high-pressure pump is connected with the supplying passage of the hydraulic motor through the high-pressure pipeline which is made of a cylindrical coil whose longitudinal axis is coaxial to the longitudinal axes of the housing, diffuser of the resonance vibrations , and ring made of a trancated cone. The discharging passage of the hydraulic motor is connected through the a pipeline with the sprayer whose longitudinal axis is coaxial to the axes of the deflector and head, longitudinal axis of the diffuser, longitudinal axis of the ring, and longitudinal axis of the magnetostriction emitter.

EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.

5 dwg

FIELD: heat power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: device for heating water comprises heat generator of pump type, which consists of housing that have cylindrical section and receives at least one member for acceleration of fluid flow made of working wheel composed of two disks which allow the working wheel to be set in rotation and disk made of a flat ring secured inside the cylindrical section of the housing in the zone of rotation of working wheel coaxially to it, one member for decelerating fluid flow made of a conical straightener, and heat exchange system connected with the delivery branch pipe and the pump. The disks of the working wheel define nozzles arranged closer to its face. The working wheel and unmovable disk define space of variable cross-section for sucking heated fluid through the nozzles and supplying it to consumers. According to a particular version, the working wheel can be mounted for permitting adjusting the spaces between its sides and lids at the inlet and outlet of the heat generator.

EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.

9 dwg

FIELD: heat production by means other than fuel combustion for premises water heating systems.

SUBSTANCE: proposed cavitation-type rotary heat-generator has housing provided with heated-liquid inlet and outlet and cylindrical surface carrying two coaxial rings of which one is fixed in position relative to housing and other ring is set in rotary motion by drive shaft disposed coaxially with rings. The latter are provided with radial holes disposed in plane perpendicular to axis of revolution. External coaxial ring is revolving and internal one is fixed in position relative to housing, clearance of 0.5 to 3 mm being provided between external revolving ring and internal cylindrical surface of housing. Steel disk is turned onto threaded end of drive shaft and external revolving ring is turned onto its rim. Drive shaft has spider with steel spokes tightened by means of claw nuts installed in depressions of external revolving ring. Threaded end of drive shaft mounts metal head with rimmed textolite disk attached thereto; this rimmed disk carries external revolving ring. Diameter of holes in internal fixed ring is larger by 1.5 - 3 times that that of holes in external revolving ring. Hole number in external revolving ring is other than that in internal fixed one.

EFFECT: augmented cavitation processes occurring during rotor revolution which enhances heating efficiency.

6 cl, 5 dwg

Heat generator // 2260750

FIELD: heat-power engineering; generation of heat in the course of combustion; degassing liquid in the course of heating.

SUBSTANCE: proposed heat generator includes cyclone-type jet apparatus mounted vertically and provided with inlet branch pipe located in upper part and outlet branch pipe located in lower portion; it is also provided with expansion reservoir mounted above jet apparatus; upper cavity of this jet apparatus is communicated with expansion reservoir.

EFFECT: enhanced efficiency of degassing liquid; enhanced corrosion resistance; increased flow rate of liquid; reduced noise of pump.

2 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: power engineering; use of geothermal heat in units using water from external sources.

SUBSTANCE: proposed plant includes vertical delivery well-bore running to earth's crust and vertical outlet well-bore located at some distance from delivery well-bore; provision is made for evacuation of vapor from this well-bore; plant is also provided with horizontal well-bore for connection of two vertical well-bores and at least one section of horizontal well-bore located in hot rock; all said well-bores are provided with casing pipes to exclude contact of liquid flowing through well-bores with soil or underground water; water obtained after condensation of vapor from outlet well-bore is pumped to delivery well-bore and is used repeatedly. Besides that, horizontal well-bore may be entirely located in rock; delivery and outlet well-bores enter hot rock; plant is provided with devices for delivery of water from delivery well-bore to horizontal well-bore. Water admitting to rock is not contaminated in such plant and may be used repeatedly.

EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.

4 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: chemical and oil industry.

SUBSTANCE: method comprises supplying methane-containing gas to the cavitation liquid (water), bringing the gas into contact with the cavitation liquid to produce exothermic reactions, withdrawing heat, and removing oxygen-organic compositions, highest hydrocarbons, and unreacted gases from the cooled liquid, and rising pressure of the purified liquid. The reaction between the methane-containing gas and cavitation liquid is carried out in the presence of catalyzers that contain carbides, nitrides, borides and oxides of metals. The unreacted gases are supplied to the methane-containing gas.

EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.

6 cl

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