Heating system

FIELD: heating engineering.

SUBSTANCE: heating system comprises round or elliptic inner passage for fluid, top and bottom plates that face each other and define an inner passage for flowing the heat-transfer water, a number of connecting members, inner passage for water made in the plates by means of connecting members, and two sections for transporting fluid for supplying and discharging water.

EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.

10 cl, 13 dwg, 1 tbl

 

The technical field to which the invention relates.

The present invention relates to a heating system floating floor structure comprising a panel heating with a round or elliptical inner channel for liquids, and more particularly to a heating system that includes a plate panel heating, having a round or elliptical inner channel for fluid formed in the structure of the floating floor, which thus improves the resistance to pressure, provides the functions of sound absorption and heat insulation.

The level of technology

Typically the heating system for residential buildings, such as houses, villas and apartments, use the structure, which uses the wet process heating, in which the material of the floor covering in the bathroom of the building laid pipe, which serves the heating fluid, such as water heating, providing, thus, heating of rooms in the building. On Fig shows in the context of the so-called wet heating system type ondol (ondol) in accordance with the usual prior art ("ondol", a traditional Korean heating system, embedded in the floor).

As shown in Fig, wet system 1' heating type ondol, in accordance with the usual prior art, contains a heat-insulating layer 18', formed on the plate 26, the layer 16 of porous concrete, SFOR is new at the shelter heat insulating layer 18', the pipe 13 of a given shape, which is laid on the layer 16 of porous concrete, and a layer 14 of mortar formed on the layer 16 of porous concrete, so that the tube 13 is completely covered by a layer 14 of a building solution that is material 22 final finishing, the final structure of the floor in the room of the building.

Here, the system 1' moist heating type ondol shown in Fig, has a structure which uses a layer 16 of porous concrete containing air, which absorbs noise or vibration transmitted to the layer 26 of the plate, and prevents heat transfer from the pipe 13 in the direction of the layer 26 of the plate when the tube 13 serves heats the water, which reduces heat loss, and in which a heat insulating layer formed under the layer 16 of porous concrete, also prevents heat loss from the pipe 13.

In the above described structure of the heating system, it is desirable that the layer 16 of porous concrete may have a sufficient thickness. In line with this, in most cases, the insulating layer 18' has a thickness of 20 mm, a layer 16 of porous concrete has a thickness of 70 mm, and the layer 14 of the plate has a thickness of 30-40 mm. as a result, conventional heating system type ondol has an overall thickness of approximately 120-130 mm from the layer 26 of slab material 22 final finishing.

Accordingly, in a conventional heating system type ondol arise the following problems, associated with its structure.

First of all, due to poor thermal insulation capacity of the layer 16 of porous concrete and insulating layer 18' conventional heating system has a low thermal efficiency. For example, in the structure of the heating system shown in Fig, the heating system is required to submit a heating water temperature of approximately 70˜80°from the source of heating water, for heating the surface of the floor of the room to a temperature of about 30°that leads to a significant loss of heat. Therefore, the conventional heating system has disadvantages from the point of view of energy consumption.

Secondly, because it does not provide for the effective suppression of the transmission of noise and vibration in the upper part only using the layer 16 of porous concrete, conventional heating system is not properly performing the function of sound absorption, and thus, does not satisfy the requirements of sound absorption for construction of dwellings, such as apartments.

Third, since the layer 16 of porous concrete and a layer 14 of a plate formed over the entire surface of the floor, time for construction increased by the period required for the hardening of cement. In addition, when problems arise with the pipe 13, such as a water leak, you must destroy the layer 14 mortar for repair of pipe 13 that s what makes difficult the repair of the heating system, and requires significant repair costs.

To solve the problem of conventional heating systems, described above, was designed heating pad dry type, made of concrete, synthetic resin or yellow clay in which it is embedded pipe to send it heats water, or which contains grooves or fixing elements for mounting of pipes to transfer heat water. Panel heating dry type is a modular panel heating and has the advantage consisting in the fact that the construction of the heating system can be completed by simple Assembly of pre-fabricated panels, dry type, which reduces the time for construction and simplifies operation, maintenance and repair. However, when using panel heating dry-type problems, consisting in the fact that, as in this panel, we use linear structure heating, in which the radiant heat, mainly concentrated in locations which passes the pipe to transfer heat water in the heating system there are significant temperature changes, panel heating dry type is inefficient from the point of view of heating efficiency, and because the pipe itself is made of metal or synthetic resin, it is expensive, which leads to higher costs for the construction of Elista. In addition, you may experience heat loss in pipes due to the phenomenon of condensation on the pipe surface, which thus leads to wetting of the pane.

To solve the problems of the traditional panel heating dry type described above, as disclosed in U.S. patent No. 5,080,166 and in Korean patent laid publication No. 2000-95733 was developed panel heating flat type, which contains an internal channel for the fluid, which may leak water heating. Unlike heating systems dry type, which uses a linear structure heating, panel heating flat type with an internal channel for fluid use a flat structure heating in which the heating water flows not in some places, and over the entire area, so that this panel has a very high efficiency, resulting in lower fuel costs, and due to the fact that the structure of the panel heating plate no type of pipe is required, it eliminates the need to perform complicated works, pipe-laying and reduces the cost of the pipe. In addition, the panel heating plate type prevents heat loss, there is no phenomenon of the formation of dew, which is usually formed on the surface of the pipe in the structure of the panel heating dry type, and reduces the weight of the panel. the moreover, panel heating plate type is very easy to be used in construction and to make repairs.

However, as shown in figure 2, plain panel 2' heating plate type, which contains an internal channel for liquid, has a drawback consisting in the fact that, since the inner channel 12' for liquids has a hexagonal shape, it is structurally very weak on a corner plot of a hexagonal shape. In addition, if a separate heating system the heating fluid has a maximum value of the water pressure of 3.5 kgf/cm2or less, in the case of a Central heating system or district (regional) system of heating, the heating fluid has a maximum water pressure of approximately 6-7 kg/cm2and in some places may have a water pressure above 6-7 kgf/cm2depending on the location or height of the building. Accordingly, when installing a panel heater which is built into the inner channel to the fluid in the Central heating or district heating system, consider the pressure resistance of the panel heating to prevent deformation or leakage of the panel, which may be caused by water pressure, as described above.

In Japanese laid out a utility model publication no. (Sho) 51-69458 disclosed panel heating the lower is its type, which uses the heating water, which contains a heat insulating bottom panel, in which are formed grooves in zigzag form, the tube is designed for the transfer of heating water, fixed in a zigzag grooves, and a metal plate for heat radiation formed on the lower insulating panel which is in contact with the pipe to transfer heat water. However, as in the bottom panel of the heating structure uses linear heating, it has a low thermal efficiency and, despite the double floating floors in the structure, has a low absorption characteristics of the sound, due to the lack of layers, sound absorbing/insulating vibration.

In tiled Korean patent publication No. 1995-6363 disclosed plate system onda modular type, having an internal channel for heating water. However, the internal channel for water heating plates ondol also has a hexagonal shape, and thus is structurally very weak on a corner plot having a hexagonal shape of the internal channel for heating water.

The invention

Thus, the present invention was developed to solve the above problems, and an object of the present invention is to develop a panel heating plate type is, which has a round or elliptical inner channel for fluid formed in it, which improves resistance to pressure.

Another objective of the present invention is to develop a heating system dry type, which uses a panel heating with a round or elliptical inner channel for fluid formed in it, without the use of a layer of cement, such as a layer of porous concrete or layer of mortar, as in a wet heating system type ondol that allows ease of construction and repair of heating system, implement the improved thermal insulation and increase the efficiency of the heating system, and enhance the effect of sound absorption/damping.

In accordance with an aspect of the present invention, the above and other objectives can be achieved with the use of panel heating, comprising upper and lower plates are formed integrally so that they are facing each other, so that they form an internal channel for the fluid, which flows through the heating water; a lot of connecting elements, each of which symmetrically extend from the upper and lower plates in the direction to the bottom and top plates, respectively, and connects the upper and lower plates to each other; the inner channel for liquid, strmilov the config inside the plates, using a variety connecting elements; and two sections of transmission fluid designed for supply and exhaust heating water, in which each of the connecting elements is continued under an inclined angle, so that the upper and lower sides of the connecting elements facing each other when they are symmetrically proceeding from the upper and lower plates, respectively, converge to the ground plane, located in the center of the connecting element, and formed with giving them a round or elliptical shape, respectively, on the upper and lower parts of the connecting element, where the connecting element begins to go from the top and bottom plates, resulting in panel heating is formed round or elliptical inner channel for the liquid.

In each of the connecting elements can be formed groove in the continuation in the direction of the top and bottom plates from the peripheral area of the bottom plane of the connecting element, with deviation from the center of the bottom plane of the connecting element, which joins the upper and lower plates.

To implement internal channel for liquids, having a round or elliptical shape along the respective sides of each panel heating, panel heating may contain protruding connection portions of the panel at the appropriate parties kardasis upper and lower plates, and grooves in the areas near the inner channel for fluid speakers connecting parts of the panel for connection of the heating panels.

In accordance with another aspect of the present invention proposed heating system, comprising: a floating floor structure located at a specified height above the plate and having internal holes, evenly spaced and facing the plate; a heat insulating layer formed on the floating floor structure; and panel heating, and panel heating includes: upper and lower plates are formed integrally so that they are facing each other and so that they form an internal channel for the fluid, which flows through the heating water; a lot of connecting elements, each of which symmetrically extend from the upper and lower plates in direction to the bottom and top plates, respectively, and connects the upper and lower plates to each other; an internal channel for the fluid is formed inside the wafer using a variety of connecting elements; and two sections of transmission fluid designed for supply and exhaust heating water, in which each of the connecting elements is continued under an inclined angle, so that the upper and lower sides of the connecting elements facing each other, to the Yes they are symmetrically continue proceeding symmetrically from the upper and lower plates, respectively, converge to the ground plane, located in the center of the connecting element, and formed with giving them a round or elliptical shape, respectively, on the upper and lower parts of the connecting element, where the connecting element begins to go from the top and bottom plates, resulting in panel heating is formed round or elliptical inner channel for the liquid.

To meet the requirements of sound absorption for construction of dwellings, such as apartments, the heating system may further comprise a layer of sound absorption/damping, is formed between the floating floor structure and a stove.

To increase thermal conductivity of the panel heating heating system may further comprise a metal plate with high thermal conductivity, located on the toolbar heating. The metal plate may be made of steel plate with a coating of aluminum.

The structure of the floating floor can contain many items holders, located at a specified distance from each other on the plate, and the element plate elements mounted on the holders.

Element plate may be made of wood. Element plate can be made of polymeric panel comprising a sheet of molded the internal material (LFM, SMC). Elements of holders can be mounted on the element plate with screws that allows you to adjust the height of the plate above the stove.

The structure of the floating floor may contain a plate of Styrofoam material, formed with uniformly spaced internal intervals with one hand, which turned to the stove.

The floating floor structure with internal intervals, in accordance with the present invention, improves the function of sound absorption/damping when using the floating floor structure with internal gaps, and a metal plate, in accordance with the present invention, improves thermal conductivity. In addition, the floating floor structure, in accordance with the present invention, allows you to install it accessories, such as electrical wires or pipes that provides the ability to easily repair of heating systems and accessories.

Thus, as the panel heating, in accordance with the present invention, is designed so that it has a round or elliptical inner channel for liquid, panel heating, in accordance with the present invention allows to overcome the limitation associated with resistance to pressure, which is a problem in conventional panels heating the deposits, having a hexagonal channel for liquid, provides improved resistance to pressure, and allows you to more consistently apply it in the system of district heating and Central heating system in which water for heating serves with high pressure water.

In addition, the structure of the floating floor heating system, in accordance with the present invention, improves thermal efficiency and effectively improves the function of sound absorption/damping floor in the building. In addition, the floating floor structure, in accordance with the present invention, contains an internal gaps that make it easy to install accessories, such as electrical wires or pipes that allows ease of repair heating systems and accessories, without the necessity of destroying concrete layer.

Brief description of drawings

The above and other objectives, features and other advantages of the present invention will be clearer from the following detailed description which should be read in conjunction with the attached drawings, on which:

figure 1 shows a perspective view illustrating a conventional panel heating plate type, having an internal channel for liquids;

figure 2 shows a view in section along the line a-a indicated in figure 1, illustriously form an internal channel for fluid panel heating conventional plate type;

figure 3 shows a perspective view illustrating the panel heating plate type, having an internal channel for fluid round type, in accordance with one implementation of the present invention;

figure 4 shows a view in section, illustrating the panel heating plate type, having an internal channel for fluid round type, in accordance with a variant implementation of the present invention;

figure 5 shows a view in section, illustrating a protruding connection part of the panel heating in accordance with a variant implementation of the present invention;

figure 6 shows a view in plan, illustrating the panel heating conventional plate type, having an internal channel for liquids;

7 shows a view in plan, illustrating the panel heating plate type, having an internal channel for fluid round shape, in accordance with one implementation of the present invention;

on Fig shows a view in section, illustrating the heating system, in accordance with the first variant implementation of the present invention;

figure 9 shows a view in section, illustrating the heating system, in accordance with a second embodiment of implementation of the present invention;

figure 10 shows a view, partially exploded view of a detail illustrating the connection is the authorized state of the element holder and the element plate in figure 9;

figure 11 shows a bottom view illustrating the element holder and the element plate in figure 9;

on Fig shows a view in section, illustrating the heating system, in accordance with the third alternative implementation of the present invention; and

on Fig shows in the context of the so-called wet heating system type ondol, in accordance with the prior art.

The implementation of the invention

Preferred embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the drawings.

Figure 1 shows a perspective view illustrating a conventional panel heating plate type, having an internal channel for the liquid. Figure 1 panel 2' heating comprises upper and lower plates 4' and 6', formed integrally and facing each other, so as to form the inner channel 12' for liquids, in which between the plates 4' and 6' flows through the heating fluid. Panel 2' heating made of a thermoplastic material, which allows for ease of manufacturing and molding, and has the shape of a flat plate which can cover maximum floor area (you can also use it on the wall or on the ceiling) of the room so that the heating water can be in contact with the floor of the room over a large area.

Figure 1 panel 2' heating is rectangular with whom ructure with a pair of long sides and a pair of short sides. However, for more simple continuous layout panels heating system design heating panel 2' heating may have a polygonal structure such as a hexagonal shape or an octagonal shape.

Panel 2' heating formed as a single part with two parts 8' transmission fluid designed to supply and exhaust heating water, located on two corners of the panel 2' heating, opposite to each other in a diagonal direction, respectively. Sections 8' transmission fluid connected with other parts of the transmission fluid other panel heating with the use of additional connecting elements.

Figure 2 shows a view in section along the line a-a indicated in figure 1, which illustrates the shape of the internal channel for fluid normal panel heating plate type. As shown in figure 2, the upper and lower plates 4' and 6' contain many connecting elements 4A' and 6A' and the inner channel 12' for the liquid. In the connecting elements 4A' and 6A', consisting of the upper connecting elements 4A' and lower connecting elements 6A', each of the upper connecting element 4A' extends from the top plate 4' to the bottom plate 6', and each of the lower connecting elements 6A' extends from the bottom plate 6' to the top plate 4' so that is rhny and lower connecting elements 4A' and 6A' are symmetrically continue to each other, connecting the top and bottom plates.

The connecting elements 4A' and 6A' are designed not only to prevent deformation of the upper and lower plates 4' and 6' under the action of external forces, when they hold the upper and lower plates 4' and 6', but also form an internal channel for the fluid, which may leak water heating, and which creates resistance to the flow of heating fluid that enables you to evenly distribute the heating fluid in the panel, without concentration or slowdowns in certain areas of the panel 2' heating.

As shown in figure 2, in the conventional panel 2' heating, internal channel for the fluid formed by the upper and lower plates 4' and 6', using the upper and lower connecting elements 4A' and 6A', has a cross-section of a hexagonal shape, so that it is very weak in the areas of the corners. As a result, when the heating fluid is supplied to the panel heating, has a high water pressure, if the voltage is concentrated on the weak plot of the angle of the connecting parts 4A' and 6A', and then reaches a critical point, the deformation of the panel 2' heating, drain the heating water from the bar 2' heating or break panel 2' heating.

Figure 3-5 shows views in perspective illustrating the panel 2 heating, according to one implementation of the present invention, which helps to overcome the problems described above plain panel 2' heating, and which has greatly improved resistance to pressure due to the formation of an internal channel for the fluid, which is essentially circular in shape.

As shown in figure 3 and 4, panel 2 heating, in accordance with one implementation of the present invention has an essentially circular inner channel 12 for the liquid. In order to form an essentially circular inner channel 12 for liquid, upper and lower connecting elements 4A and 6A continued under an inclined angle so that the upper side of the upper connecting element 4A and the lower side of the lower coupling element 6A, facing each other, converge to the ground plane, located in the center of the upper and lower connecting elements 4A and 6A. In addition, the upper and lower connecting elements 4A and 6A are rounded so that they have an essentially round shape, respectively, the upper section d of the upper connecting element 4A and the lower plot of d' (not shown) of the lower connecting element 6A, where the upper and lower connecting elements 4A and 6A start to continue from the upper and lower plates 4 and 6, respectively. In addition, the upper and lower connecting elements 4A and 6A are formed with suitable the mi grooves, because, proceeding in the direction of the upper and lower plates 4 and 6, form the peripheral area of the bottom plane of the connecting elements 4A and 6A, which is deflected from the center b of the bottom plane of the connecting element, which joins the upper and lower plates.

As for the method of molding in the manufacture of panel 2 heating, in accordance with the present invention, although it is possible to use injection molding, extrusion molding and the like, for the manufacture of panel 2 heating preferable to use the moulding. The moulding is a method of molding in which the hollow product is formed by blowing air into the separating form in which you put hot thermoplastic molding material, and then softened by heat.

As shown in the drawings, although the upper and lower connecting elements 4A and 6A, preferably, have a circular cross-section, they may also have a polygonal cross section, for example rectangular cross-section, a hexagonal cross-section, etc. In accordance with this, the shape of the grooves on the peripheral areas a and C, or the shape of the rounded sections d and d' for the formation of essentially all of the internal channel of the fluid can vary depending on the three-dimensional configuration formed in rhym and lower connecting elements 4A and 6A.

The upper and lower connecting elements 4A and 6A have a structure of cylindrical shape with a negative angle located at a given distance from each other, with the specified location. The structure has a cylindrical shape with a negative angle continues until the upper and lower plates 4 and 6, and the diameter gradually decreases from the upper and lower plates 4 and 6 to ground plane located in the center of the connecting elements 4A and 6A.

Although the panel 2 heating, in accordance with the present invention, formed as a single unit with the upper and lower plates 4 and 6, for convenience of description, the panel 2 heating divided into upper and lower plates 4 and 6, and upper and lower connecting elements 4A and 6A are located relative to the Central axis of the cross section in the horizontal direction. In addition, inasmuch as the connecting elements 4A and 6A extend from the upper and lower plates 4 and 6, respectively, the boundaries of the upper and lower connecting elements 4A and 6A will be determined from the upper and lower sections d and d', where the upper and lower connecting elements 4A and 6A start to continue from the upper and lower plates 4 and 6, to the bottom plane b of the upper and lower connecting elements 4A and 6A, where the upper and lower connecting elements 4A and 6A are in contact with each other, connected the top of the YOYO and the lower plates 4 and 6.

Unlike conventional panels 2' heating with areas located at an angle to the upper and lower plates 4' and 6', in accordance with one implementation of the present invention, the upper and lower sections d and d', from which the upper and lower connecting elements 4A and 6A start to continue from the upper and lower plates 4 and 6 are rounded to provide a circular or elliptical shape of the upper and lower sections of the inner channel 12 for the liquid. As a result, the upper and lower portions of the inner channels of the liquid corresponding to the upper and lower parts of the connecting elements 4A and 6A, which extend from the upper and lower plates 4 and 6 are made so that they have a round or elliptical shape.

As you can see in the three-dimensional configuration, presented in figure 3, the upper and lower connecting sections 4A and 6A continued with a slight slope to the top and bottom sections d and d', where they start to continue from the upper and lower plates 4 and 6, continuing with a steep slope at an angle greater than the angle of the top and bottom sections d and d', on the peripheral area of the bottom plate, where the upper and lower connecting elements 4A and 6A are in contact with each other.

In addition, in accordance with a variant implementation of the present invention, in order to ensure that all who do elliptical shape on both sides of the inner channel 12 for liquid, the upper and lower connecting elements 4A and 6A are formed with grooves in which the upper and lower connecting elements 4A and 6A are made with a recess on the peripheral area and the round shape of the bottom plane b of the connecting element 4A and 6A, respectively. In the inner channel 12 for liquid corresponding to the peripheral area of the round shape of the connecting elements 4A and 6A has a circular or elliptical shape on both sides of the inner channel for the liquid.

As shown in figure 3, since this structure forms a circular groove in the form of a ring on the peripheral area and the round shape of the bottom plate b of the upper and lower connecting elements 4 and 6, the Central area of the bottom plane looks like a cylindrical ledge.

Groove formed on the peripheral section of the plane b, is not necessarily restricted to the inner and outer diameter, depth, width and cross-sectional shape described above, when the structure of the groove allows you to use the internal channel 12 for fluid structure, essentially circular or elliptical in shape, without violating the structural and functional stability of the panel 2 heating.

In addition, as shown in figure 5, in accordance with the present invention, for connection of the panels 2 heating each other using a separate connecting elements, panel 2 heating formed with protruding coupling parts 10 panels on four sides of the panel 2 heating, and each of the speakers connecting parts 10 panel formed with a straight groove, in which the extruded section, located near the inner channel 12 for the liquid, so that the inner channel 12 for the liquid can be formed so that it will have a circular or elliptical shape on the sides of the panel 2 heating.

The structure of the groove section "C" corresponds to the structure of parcel "a" (figure 4), and may vary in accordance with the form and structure of the sides of the panels 12 heating.

Although in a preferred embodiment of the present invention, which is shown in Fig.3-5, panel heating use rounded sections d and d' and the structures of a, b and grooves, it should be understood that panel heating can also be applied or rounded sections d and d' or patterns a, b and grooves. However, because the shape of the internal channel of the fluid can be obtained closer to a round shape while using panel heating rounded sections d and d' and structures a, b and grooves, it is preferable to use both patterns for the heating panel.

Measured the resistance to pressure panel heating, having an internal channel for liquid, in which COI is lesuuda only rounded sections d and d' (Example 1 in accordance with the invention), panel heating, having an internal channel for the fluid, which uses the structure of a, b and grooves (Example 2 in accordance with the invention), panel heating, having an internal channel for the liquid in which the simultaneous use of rounded sections d and d' and the structure of the grooves at the same time (Example 3 in accordance with the invention) and the conventional panel heating, having a hexagonal inner channel for liquid (Comparative example), and the results of these measurements are presented in Table 1.

Table 1
Example No.Example 1 in accordance with the inventionExample 2 in accordance with the inventionExample 3 in accordance with the inventionComparative example
Pressure resistance20 kgf/cm220 kgf/cm230 kgf/cm215 kgf/cm2

Note: Resistance to pressure was measured at the critical pressure of water, when deformation or leakage from panel heating (resistance to pressure at room temperature).

From Table 1 we can see that the panel heating, which uses rounded sections d and d' (Example 1 in accordance with the invention) the panel heating, using patterns a, b and grooves (Example 2 in accordance with the invention have a resistance to pressure is 33% higher than conventional panel heating. In particular, it can be seen that the panel heating, in which simultaneous use of rounded sections and the groove structure (Example 3 in accordance with the invention has resistance to pressure, 100% higher than conventional panel heating, that is, two times higher than conventional panel heating.

Although the drawings show a panel heating, in accordance with the present invention, having an internal channel for liquid, essentially round shape, you can also use the panel heating, having an internal channel for fluid completely round shape.

In particular, the internal channel liquid can be formed so that it will have a completely round shape, thanks to the implementation of the deeper grooves on the peripheral area and connecting elements and grooves with the sections 10 of the connection panel, which will increase the angle of inclination of the upper and lower sections d and d', so that they will have a round shape, and by adjusting the distance between the connecting elements. Panel heating, in which is formed an internal channel for fluid completely round shape, has an improved resistance to pressure than the panel heating, and eUSA internal channel for liquid, essentially round shape.

On Fig shows a view in section, representing the heating system, in accordance with the first variant implementation of the present invention. As shown in the drawings, the lower part of the panel 2 heating system 1 heating generated heat insulating layer 18, which is made of EPS (EPS, EPS), to minimize heat loss, and contains the metal plate 20 and the material 22 final processing on the panel 2 heating.

The metal plate 20 is made of a steel plate, more preferably a steel plate with a coating of aluminum, and both of these metal has a high thermal conductivity. In line with this, the excellent thermal conductivity of the metal plate 20 improves the function of heat removal from the panel 2 heating, which increases the efficiency of heating. In addition, the metal plate 20 increases the panel 2 heating, more securely hold the load applied to the lower part of the building, and uniformly covers the uneven surface of the panel heating, which makes it easier to install the material 22 final processing.

In accordance with the result of the experiment, the structure of the heating plates 2 located between the insulating layer 18 and the metal plate 20, provides the effect of heating the surface of the floor C the project to a temperature of 30° With, even when used for heating water with a temperature of about 40˜50°supplied from a source of heating water, which is not shown. In line with this, the heating system, in accordance with the present invention has improved thermal efficiency compared to conventional tubular heating system.

At the same time, the panel 2 heating and heat insulating layer 18 have a total thickness of approximately 40 mm In accordance with this, compared to conventional tubular heating system, which has a thickness of approximately 120˜130 mm, provides additional space of a height of 80˜90 mm

To ensure maximum use of available space heating system, in accordance with the present invention, formed with a so-called floating floor structure, internal holes which are located at the same distance from each other in the available space system 1 heating.

As shown in Fig, structure 24 floating floor heating system, in accordance with the first variant implementation of the present invention, contains many elements 28 holders that are installed at a specified distance from each other, and the element plate 30 mounted on the element holder 28, parallel to the panel 2 heating.

In the first in which the version of the implementation of the present invention, the elements 28 of the holder and the element plate 30 made of wood. At the same time, the layer 32 of sound absorption/damping, having the form of, for example, cushions, sound absorbing, rubber filler, etc. formed between each of the elements 28 of the holder and the plate 26 that can reliably capture the elements 28 of the holder plate 26, and improves the function of sound absorption and damping.

As a result, as shown in the drawings, the structure 24 floating floor system 1 contains an internal heating periods In between many elements 28 holders, the internal intervals absorb noise and vibration generated on the structure 24 floating floor, reducing the amount of noise and vibration transmitted to the plate 26. In addition, the layer 32 of sound absorption/damping, located between each of the elements 28 of the holders and the plate 26, allows you to effectively damp the noise and vibration that is transferred to the plate 26 through the elements 28 of the holders.

In line with this, the structure 24 floating floor heating system, in accordance with the first variant implementation, improves the function of sound absorption and damping, and allows you to set the internal gaps In the auxiliary equipment, such as electrical wires or pipes, which are mounted between the walls of the building during the construction of buildings the prior art, allowing ease of repair heating systems and household equipment, without the necessity of destroying concrete layer.

Figure 9 shows a view in cross section illustrating the heating system, in accordance with a second embodiment of implementation of the present invention, and figure 10 shows the partial exploded view of a detail illustrating the connected state of the elements of the holder and the element plate.

Structure 34 floating floor heating system, in accordance with a second embodiment of the execution contains an element 36 plates, made in the form of a panel made of polymer resin, such as sheet molding material (LPM), or of wood, and many elements 38 holders attached to the element 36 of the plate by screws, so as to adjust the height of the element 36 of the plate relative to the plate 26.

That is, as shown in figure 10, each of the elements 38 holders formed with threads on the outer peripheral area, and the element 36 of the plate, coupled with elements 38 of the holder is formed with grooves 36A, which set forth the elements 38 holders. In addition, each of the grooves 36A formed with threads on the inner surface, which is connected with the thread of each of the elements 38 of the holder.

Figure 11 shows a bottom view, predstavlyayushie the elements 38 of the holders and the element plate, shown in Fig.9. Figure 11 on the lower end of each of the elements 38 of the holder formed groove 38A in the form of the screw head, which allows you to rotate the element 38 of the holder, ensuring, thus, the possibility of a simple adjustment of the distance between the plate 36 and the plate 26 at the desired height by rotating elements 38 of the holder.

On Fig presents a view in cross section illustrating the heating system in accordance with the third alternative implementation of the present invention. The structure of the floating floor heating system, in accordance with the third variant of execution, contains the plate 40 of material is Styrofoam, which are uniformly formed inside the intervals, on one side, which faces the plate 26. The plate 40 of the Styrofoam material enhances the function of heat insulation of the heat insulating layer 18, which helps to reduce heat losses of the heating plates 2 in comparison with the structures of the embodiments described above.

Although preferred embodiments of the present invention have been disclosed for illustrative purposes, for specialists in the field of technology will be clear that various modifications, additions and substitutions without departing from the scope and essence of the invention disclosed in the attached claims.

1. Panel heating, containing the top and bottom is Yu plate, formed integrally so that they are facing each other and form an internal channel for the fluid, which flows through the heating water, lots of connecting elements, each of which symmetrically extend from the upper and lower plates in the direction to the bottom and top plates, respectively, and connects the upper and lower plates to each other, the inner channel for the fluid is formed inside the wafer using a variety of connecting elements, and two sections of transmission fluid designed for supply and exhaust heating water, wherein each of the connecting elements is continued under an inclined angle so that the upper and lower sides of the connecting elements facing each other, when they, proceeding symmetrically from the upper and lower plates, respectively, converge to the ground plane, located in the center of the connecting element, and formed with giving them a round or elliptical shape respectively on the upper and lower parts of the connecting element, where the connecting element begins to go from the top and bottom plates, resulting in panel heating is formed round or elliptical inner channel for liquids, and in each of the connecting elements formed groove in the wall of the carriage is placed in the direction of the top and bottom plates from the peripheral area the bottom plane of the connecting elements, deviation from the center of the bottom plane of the connecting element, in the joints of the upper and lower plates, and it also includes the protruding coupling parts of the panel on the respective sides of each of the upper and lower plates and grooves in the areas near the inner channel for fluid speakers connecting parts of the panel for connection of the heating panels.

2. Heating system containing a floating floor structure located at a specified height above the plate and having internal holes, evenly spaced and addressed to the plate, a heat insulating layer formed on the structure of the floating floor and panel heating, characterized in claim 1.

3. The system according to claim 2, additionally containing a layer of sound absorption/damping, is formed between the floating floor structure and a stove.

4. The system according to claim 2, further comprising a metal plate with high thermal conductivity, located on the toolbar heating.

5. The system according to claim 4, in which the metal plate is made of a steel plate with a coating of aluminum.

6. The system according to claim 2, in which the structure of the floating floor contains many elements of holders located at a specified distance from each other on the plate, and the element plate mounted on the elements of the holder is th.

7. The system according to claim 6, in which the element plates and items holders are made of wood.

8. The system according to claim 6, in which the element plates are made in the form of panels of polymer resins, including sheet molding material (LPM).

9. The system according to claim 6, in which the elements of holders mounted on the element plate with screws that allows you to adjust the height of the plate above the stove.

10. The system according to claim 2, in which the structure of the floating floor contains a plate of penostirol formed with uniformly spaced internal intervals with one hand, which turned to the stove.

The installed priority: date 10.05.2004 the filing of the first application No. 1020040032571 the Patent office Korean to claim 1, and by date 22.06.2004 application PCT/KR 2004/001502 in the International Patent Office to claim 2 to 10.



 

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FIELD: heating engineering.

SUBSTANCE: heating system comprises round or elliptic inner passage for fluid, top and bottom plates that face each other and define an inner passage for flowing the heat-transfer water, a number of connecting members, inner passage for water made in the plates by means of connecting members, and two sections for transporting fluid for supplying and discharging water.

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FIELD: power engineering.

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