Method for operation of cavitation device for heating of individual buildings

FIELD: devices for heating of individual buildings used in regions where there are no central heating systems, or such a system is severely worn out and disabled.

SUBSTANCE: the device has a compression pump for pumping up water into the chamber - accumulator, pipe-lines for water delivery, set of parallel tubes with a low inside diameter for water delivery to the large-capacity chamber-heater at a high rate, providing for a slow passage of water and, due to it, flapping of cavitation bubbles and water heating, and a set of parallel-connected calorifers heated by this water for heating of rooms. The compression pump pumps up water into the accumulator at a pressure of 5 to 10 MPa, from which water at a rate of 90 to 100 m/s passes through 50 to 100 and more parallel tubes with an inside diameter of 5 to 10 mm and comes to the chamber-heater, where the cavitation bubbles are flapped at a pressure of 5 to 10 MPa and heat the water to a temperature of 100 to 150 C and higher. Then the water comes to the calorifers, and from the calorifers to the heat exchanger heating the water for the domestic needs. Then, the cooled water comes to the compression pump again thus completing the working cycle.

EFFECT: enhanced efficiency of the heating system operation of the basis of the experimental results, enhanced reliability of system operation.

2 cl, 1 dwg

 

The proposed device and the way it works is konkretisierung and more effective option previously proposed cavitation device for heating individual buildings [1]. It can be used in areas where there is no Central heating systems or such systems are worn out and unusable.

Known vortex generators [2, 3], in which the flow of water in a vortex is accelerated to high speeds, so that the pressure in the water is significantly below atmospheric and as a result, cavitation bubbles are formed. Then this thread is braked by a mechanical barrier, the pressure in the water increases and cavitation bubbles slam, heating water to a temperature of 90-95°C. This heated water is sent to the heaters, heating the room.

The main disadvantage of these generators is poorly controlled formation and collapse of cavitation bubbles, which leads to their lack of effectiveness.

Closest to the technical essence and the achieved result is a system of cavitation heating, adopted for the prototype [1], based on the experimental fact that the passage of water flow in pipes with a small diameter of a few millimeters at a speed of 90 m/s is mass education capitaconsumption, which slam with the release of thermal energy when the rate of water flow along the length of the tube was significantly decreased [4].

Cavitation system prototype [1] consisted of a set of parallel tubes with small internal diameter, where pumped by the water pump is moving at high speed, resulting in a large number of cavitation bubbles are formed. Then the water from the pipe enters the chamber where the velocity of flow is very small and cavitation bubbles slam, heating the water in the chamber, and then the hot water piping is supplied to the heaters for space heating and after cooling, water is again fed into the pump-compressor, completing the operating cycle.

The main drawback of the prototype [1] is the absence of a specific power settings that would make the system more reliable and efficient. The purpose of this invention is the development of conditions for the efficient operation of the heating system on the basis of experimental results obtained in [4], and change the design of the system, allowing on the basis of these conditions to create a powerful device for heating large buildings.

This is because the method of operation of the device containing the pump-compressor for pumping water into the chamber-drive pipeline p. the water villas, a set of parallel tubes with small internal diameter to supply water at high speed in the camera-heater large volume, providing slow the flow of water and due to this the collapse of cavitation bubbles and hot water, and a set of parallel-connected coils, this heated water for space heating, characterized in that the pump-compressor pushes the water into the drive pressure of 5-10 MPa, from which water with a speed of 90-100 m/s flows through 50-100 or more parallel tubes with an inner diameter of 5-10 mm and enters the chamber-heater, where the cavitation bubbles snap under the pressure of 5-10 MPa and heat the water to 100 to 150°and more, then water flows into the coils, and the coils in the heat exchanger to heat water for household needs of the population, and then the chilled water re-enters the pump-compressor, completing the operating cycle.

The essence of the invention is that it allows you to organize mass education and the collapse of cavitation bubbles, ensuring the release of a large amount of thermal energy, which is much more energy spent on mechanical movement of water. The mechanism of this phenomenon has not been studied [5, 6]. However, it is noted that with the collapse of the cavitation bubbles inside them are very in the mportant energy processes: the temperature inside the bubble can reach 10000K, emitted light, x-rays and neutrons [4]. These neutrons, as a rule, should join the nuclei of atoms of hydrogen and oxygen in water molecules, forming heavier isotopes of hydrogen and oxygen and does not form radioactive elements (cold nuclear fusion [5, 6]). It releases a significant thermal energy, which can be several, n times more than spent on mechanical movement of water. In the currently released by different companies the generators of approximately n=2. When managed the formation and collapse of cavitation bubbles in the proposed device and method of its operation, the value of n should be much larger. The evaluation in [4] the value of n may reach 20.

Figure 1 shows a schematic diagram of the proposed device. The device contains: 1 - pump-compressor; 2 - valve to adjust the total flow of water; 3 - pipe; 4 - camera - drive cold water; 5 - a system of parallel tubes with an inner diameter of 5-10 mm; 6 - camera-hot water storage; 7 - insulated pipe; 8 - valves to regulate the flow water heaters; 9 - heaters; 10 - insulated pipe; 11 - exchanger to produce hot water for heating purposes; 12 - gauge pressure hot water to the radiators; 13 - temperature sensor hot in the s, entering the heaters; 14 - gauge water pressure coming into the drive 4; 15 - water temperature sensor entering into the drive 4; 16 - gauge of temperature of water exiting from the heat exchanger 11; 17 - valve for inlet and outlet of water from the system.

The operation of the device is as follows.

Through the open valve 17 pump compressor 1 inject water into the system. After the filling, the valve 17 is closed, and the pump-compressor 1 implements the flow of water through the system. In particular, it pumps water into the drive 4, by setting the pressure of 5-10 MPa. From the drive 4 and the tube 5 with an inner diameter of 5-10 mm water moves with a speed of 90-100 m/s. Moreover, according to the laws of hydrodynamics, the pressure is reduced to a few thousand times, resulting in the tubes there is a mass formation of cavitation bubbles. Together with the water flow cavitation bubbles get in the memory 6, the flow velocity of the water decreases sharply, and the pressure in accordance with the laws of hydrodynamics rises sharply, and the bubbles slam, releasing heat energy and heating the water to 100 to 150°and more. The obtained hot water is sent to the coils 9, which heat the room, and then more hot water is directed into the heat exchanger 11, where the water warms the water used as hot water for domestic needs of the population. Next, the water postopia is in the pump-compressor, and the working cycle is completed and can be repeated an unlimited number of times. The monitoring device shall sensors of temperature and pressure, above, and the system can be automated.

The proposed device for heating buildings has a very simple design and simple technology. The development and use of this cheap device for heating buildings can quickly solve the problem of providing the population with warmth even in the coldest areas with a relatively small consumption of electric power for driving the pump-compressor. This will largely remove the problem of heating of buildings, which each year occurs in many cities.

The economic effect of the present invention is very large, but quantitatively it is currently difficult to estimate.

Literature

1. Cywinski SV Patent RF №2162990 from 06.07.2000, class 7 F24D 11/00.

2. YU.S. Potapov, Fominsk, L.P. Vortex energy and cold fusion from the perspective of theory of motion. And in OKO-Plus", Chisinau-Odessa, 2000, str.

3. Chemistry and life, No. 5, 2006, p.4.

4. [2], str, 275.

5. Cywinski SV Herald of the Russian Academy of Natural Sciences (RANS), No. 2, 2002, p.43.

6. Cywinski SV Natural and technical Sciences, No. 6, 2004, p.48.

The way of working condition the device for cavitation heating individual buildings, containing the pump-compressor for pumping water into the chamber drive, pipelines for water supply, a set of parallel tubes with small internal diameter to supply water at high speed in the camera-heater large volume, providing slow the flow of water and due to this the collapse of cavitation bubbles and hot water, and a set of parallel-connected coils, this heated water for space heating, characterized in that the pump-compressor pushes the water into the drive pressure of 5-10 MPa, from which water with a speed of 90-100 m/s flows through 50-100 or more parallel tubes with internal diameter 5-10 mm and enters the chamber-heater, where the cavitation bubbles slam at a pressure of 5-10 MPa and heated water to a temperature of 100-150°and more, and then water flows into the coils, and the coils in the heat exchanger to heat water for household needs, and then the cooled water flows back into the pump-compressor, completing the operating cycle.



 

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