Apparatus for prepackaging and steam contact heating of canned foods

FIELD: canned food industry.

SUBSTANCE: apparatus has spring-biased cylindrical chambers, bubblers, pouring media feeding branch pipes, and fruit dosing device. Fruit dosing device is made sectioned, and consists of three pairs of sections having volumes of 0.65 dm3, 1 dm3, 3 dm3 , respectively. Bubblers are positioned at an angle of 3-5 deg to walls of movable cylindrical sleeves positioned within cylindrical chambers. Bubblers and branch pipes for feeding of pouring media are extending through slots provided within walls of movable sleeves.

EFFECT: increased efficiency and uniform thermal treatment of food product.

2 dwg

 

The invention relates to the field of food industry, namely the preservation of fruit and vegetables, and can be used in the manufacture of canned heterogeneous consistency, in particular, compotes, pickles, etc.

Known apparatus for the sterilization of fruit canned vegetables (SU inventor's certificate No. 1063366, 23L 3/04, 1983). Known apparatus contains a spring-loaded cylindrical chamber with a pressure head to be positioned under the load of cans, bubblers for the supply of steam in the volumes of the chambers, the nozzles priming fluid dispenser of the fruits.

The disadvantages of this apparatus should be recognized:

the difficulty of the accurate setting of the cans under the clamping heads;

- uneven thermal processing of the product;

- the inability to heat processing of canned vegetables in different containers.

The technical problem to be solved by the developed technical solutions, is developing an improved apparatus of packing and paracontact heat sterilization of canned vegetables.

The technical result of the invention is the uniformity of heat treatment jars when canning by providing accurate setting of the cans under the clamping heads, as well as the possibility of using heat sterilization of Koserow containers of different volume.

To achieve the stated technical result of the proposed apparatus for packaging and paracontact heating canned vegetables, containing a spring-loaded cylindrical chamber bubblers to supply steam into the chamber volume, the nozzles priming fluid dispenser of the fruits. While the dispenser of the fruits made sectional sofas with coaxially arranged in three pairs of partitions of a volume of 0.65 DM3, 1 DM3, 3 DM3and bubblers are installed at an angle 3-5° relatively movable walls of the cylindrical sleeves mounted within the cylindrical chambers. In addition, in the walls of these movable cylindrical sleeves made grooves in which are bubblers and pipes for supplying priming fluid.

The design of the device differs from the known construction so that the dispenser of the fruits made sectional sofas with coaxially arranged in three pairs of partitions of a volume of 0.65 DM3, 1 DM3, 3 DM3while bubblers installed at an angle of 3-5° relatively movable walls of the cylindrical sleeves mounted within the cylindrical chambers, the walls of these movable bushings made grooves in which are bubblers and pipes for supplying priming fluid.

The execution of the dispenser sectional with coaxially arranged in three pairs of partitions of a volume of 0.65 DM3, DM 3, 3 DM3allows for filling the banks of the specified sizes, ensuring accurate placement of the cans in the filling area fruits or fruit and pouring the liquid during filling and sterilization. The placement of the bubblers at an angle 3-5° relatively movable walls of the cylindrical sleeves mounted within the cylindrical chambers, provides self-centering, this by placing them in the area of filling and sterilization by touching the inner wall of the neck with the input in a jar bubblers, preferably with a tilt toward the vertical axis banks. Running in the walls of these movable collet grooves, in which are the bubblers and pipes for supplying priming fluid, provides a uniform flow of steam and pouring the liquid into the volume of the cans. Steam flow directly into the volume of the banks filling it with fruits or fruit, and priming fluid provides sterile conditions canning, which in turn ensures the quality of sterilization and ultimately the quality of the canned product.

Further design and performance of the developed device will be presented using graphical material, in which figure 1 presents a picture of the device in a static state, and figure 2 shows the work and the parathas. On the graphic material the following notation is used: frame 1 of the apparatus, a sectional dispenser 2, the lifting table 3, the movable cylindrical chamber 4, springs 5, bubblers 6, a stationary cylindrical sleeve 7, the conical guides 8, the sleeve 9; a steam pipe 10, the pipe 11 for supplying priming liquid, the hopper 12, the banks 13, the grooves 14.

Structurally, the apparatus consists of a frame 1, a sectional dispenser fruits 2, the lifting table 3, the movable cylindrical chambers 4 springs 5, bubblers 6 and a stationary cylindrical bushing 7. The spout is welded to the conical guides 8, the ends of the sleeves 9; apparatus equipped with a steam pipe 10, the pipe 11 for feeding the filling liquid (syrup, brine) and hopper 12. The movable walls of the cylindrical chambers 4 are made grooves 14, which are bubblers 6 and the nozzle 11 for supplying priming fluid.

The handset in the base case works as follows. Banks 13, prepared for packaging fruits, conveyor onto the accumulation table, where the rows of cans 13 are pushing on the lifting table 3, which rises together with the banks to focus on the flange of the movable spring-loaded cylindrical chambers 4. This bubblers 6, mounted in a stationary cylindrical bushings 7 are banks 13. When non-axial raspologeniya 13 under a pressure head due to pitch angle of bubblers 6 banks 13 semientered by touching the inner wall of the neck with the input in a jar bubblers 6. During movement of the lifting table 3 banks 13, lifting, rest against the flange of the movable cylindrical chambers 4 and with them rise to the sectional dispenser fruits 2 sleeve 9 conical guides 8 are moving inward cylindrical chambers 4, through which feed the fruit into the jars from the lower sections of the dispenser when it is turned 180°.

In the walls of the movable cylindrical chambers are made grooves 14 that enables the cylindrical bushings relative to the bubblers 6 and nozzle 11 for supplying priming fluid.

In the process of packing the fruit to ensure a dense packing of fruits lifting table with the banks and the dispenser preferably is subjected to vibration treatment. At the same time, when some sections of the dispenser (below) is packing fruits, other sections located coaxially with them in the upper position, fill with fruit. This section of the dispenser, the volume does not correspond to the amount of used packaging (outside), close the cover.

After filling cans with fruit in jars through the nozzles 11 is poured syrup (brine) and through the bubblers 6 is fed steam heating. Installation of bubblers 6 at an angle of 3-5° provides uniform heating of the product throughout the cross-section of banks.

After reaching the desired temperature of the product feed is a pair of stop, lifting table with banks lowered and the lower position of the lifting table banks face on the discharge conveyor, and in their place serves other banks.

For the person skilled in the art it is obvious that the example implementation does not preclude the use of the provided apparatus for packaging and paracontact heating of canned food.

The proposed device provides accurate installation cans under clamping heads, the uniformity of the heat treatment of the product, and allows for thermal processing of canned jars of various sizes.

Apparatus for packaging and paracontact heating canned vegetables, containing a spring-loaded cylindrical chamber bubblers to supply steam into the chamber volume, the nozzles priming fluid dispenser of the fruits, characterized in that the dispenser of the fruits made sectional sofas with coaxially arranged in three pairs of partitions of a volume of 0.65 DM3, 1 DM3, 3 DM3while bubblers installed at an angle of 3-5° relatively movable walls of the cylindrical sleeves mounted within the cylindrical chambers, the walls of these movable bushings made grooves in which are bubblers and pipes for supplying priming fluid.



 

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