Cavitation heat generator

FIELD: heat power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: cavitation heat generator comprises pump whose outlet is connected with the device for swirling the flow at the inlet of the vortex chamber provided with axial output passages from the both faces. One of the passages is made of an axial nozzle, and the passages are interconnected through the ring chamber of the housing. The chamber is provided with throttling nozzles at the inlet and outlet deflector that supplies swirled flow to the axial nozzle of the vortex chamber with the opposite swirling. Both of the flows enter the resonator. The electrode terminals for connecting to the high-frequency electrical generator are mounted from both side of the central vortex passage. The housing surfaces of the vortex and ring chambers are electrically insulated one from the other and are connected with the power source.

EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.

1 cl, 2 dwg

 

The invention relates to a generator that converts hydraulic energy flowing through it, the flow of fluid, mainly water, in the heat, but also can be used as a homogenizer, disperser, mixer chemical reactor cell and the like, devices for production processes.

The known method and device for converting hydraulic energy into heat through the process of cavitation in the liquid with the imposition of pressure pulsations (RF patent 2054604, 6 F24J 3/00), which, however, is implemented by the device subjected to intensive destruction due to cavitation effects on fluid flow surfaces.

The closest in technical essence is a technical solution cavitation heat pump-booster, the output of which is connected to the device and the swirling flow at the inlet of the vortex chamber, equipped with a device side of the swirl flow of the axial outlet channel of this chamber is hydraulically communicated with the pump inlet of the pump and resonator installed at the outlet of the fluid flow from the heat source (RF patent 2201561). According to this decision in the system generate self-oscillations due to the change of pump flow and pressure in the circulation loop, which does not allow any kind of wide range to adjust the mod is the ability of the heat source. On the other hand cavitation processes, exciting the molecules of liquid water at the molecular level, in this device, proceed insufficiently active, which limits the possibility of intensification of heat, including by passing an electric current through a Central generally ionized area of the vortex chamber.

The purpose of this invention is a significant increase in the intensity of cavitation and associated physico-chemical processes in the cavitators swirl chamber while obtaining regulatory capacity of heat dissipation of the heat generator in a wide range.

This objective is achieved in that the suction heat source includes a pump-booster, the output of which is connected to the device and the swirling flow at the inlet of the vortex chamber, equipped with a device side of the swirl flow of the axial outlet channel of this chamber is hydraulically communicated with the pump inlet of the pump and resonator installed at the outlet of the fluid flow from the heat source. In the vortex chamber at its end cap, opposite the end with the twist device, made additional axial nozzle, the output of which is hydraulically communicated with the output channel of the vortex chamber through the additional Cabinet annular chamber, at the entrance of fluid flow in which the us is the Plac CE throttling holes - nozzle, and the output is the output guide apparatus with the direction of the twist of the thread, mostly the opposite direction of the twist of the thread extending from the axial nozzle swirl chamber.

In addition, with the ends along the axis of the heat generator installed isolated from the body of the electrode inputs, such as coaxial cables provided with at least one high-frequency source of electromagnetic energy, such as microwave generator, and the Cabinet surface additional annular chambers are electrically isolated from the vortex chamber, and both of these cameras are connected to the source, for example, a constant voltage, forming a potential difference between the surfaces of these chambers and located along the axis of the heat source of its working cavities prosavin vortex flow.

The drawing shows an example of the implementation of the proposed technical solutions of the heat generator.

Pump-booster 1 with its input 2 is connected to the device spin flow 3 (guide vanes, the tangential channels, spiral channel and the like) at the entrance to the vortex chamber 4. Device side spin 3 in the end cover 5 is made of the axial output channel 6, hydraulically communicated with the inlet of the pump-the pump 1 through the additional annular chambers 7, coaxially of the chamber 4, 's Ho is the fluid inlet, equipped with a throttling holes nozzles 8, and the output contains the guide device 9, predominantly twisting facing the fluid flow in the direction opposite to the direction of rotation of the fluid in the vortex chamber 4 and its additional output axial nozzle 10 located on the opposite (relative to channels 3 and 6) of the end wall of the chamber 4. The streams emerging from the nozzles 10 and the annular nozzle 11, the exit guide vanes 9 mainly rotate in opposite directions, mix in General the mixing chamber 12, provided with a mechanical resonator 13, and then through holes 14 are received at the output 15 of the heat source.

Works described heat follows. Coming into the vortex chamber 4, the fluid flow is divided into two streams. The flow adjacent to the periphery of the chamber 4, flows into the axial nozzle 10, dramatically increasing the speed of flow. By increasing the pressure before the nozzle 10 there is a reverse axial flow, counter to the first, which through a throttling nozzle 8 enters the annular chamber to the guiding device 9, predominantly twisting stream is supplied to the nozzle 11 of the liquid in the direction that is opposite to the swirling flow resulting from axial nozzle 10. Both streams are received in the cavity 13 and further to the output channel halogenerator the and. The process fluid flow through the chambers 4, 7, nozzle 10 and 11, the mixing chamber 12, the resonator 13 and the holes 14 is accompanied by intense pressure oscillations in a wide frequency range, electrization of opposing fluid flows, supersonic shock wave phenomena in channels at the critical relationship of the pressures at the inlet and the outlet. This causes the excitation of water in a wide range of resonant frequencies and its partial decomposition into hydrogen and oxygen with the subsequent zones of high pressure oxidation of hydrogen by oxygen and additional heat dissipation.

For further intensification of the process of energy production and regulation of heat generated in the end wall of the heat generator installed electrode inputs 15, 16, for example coaxial cables provided with at least one high-frequency ELEKTROTECHNIKA electromagnetic energy, such as microwave generator 17, predominantly with adjustable frequency directional radiation energy generated by the elements 18, 19, along common to all located along the axis of the working cavities of the heat generator of the axial vortex usually ionized vapor harness the current environment, where due to resonance phenomena will occur additional excitation of the water molecules and the formation of fine-dispersed hydrogen acid is nature-liquid mixture, essentially burning in the fluid due to the adiabatic compression of gas-vapor cavities and exposure to electrical discharges that occur during the deformation and compression of the cavities and their charges.

For additional decomposition of water in cavitation-excited flow chamber 4, 12, 13 made of electrically isolated pads 20 from the Cabinet surface of the annular chamber 9 and is connected to the source, for example, a constant voltage 21, forming a potential difference between the surfaces 22 of these cameras and prosavin vortex for General working cavities of the heat generator by the flow of a multiphase environment, abridged on the electrode inputs 15 and 16.

Regulation of the heat output of the heat generator is achieved by changing the parameters of the pump-the pump 1, the pressure in the circulation loop flow of a liquid medium, by changing the operating parameters of electrotechnical 17 and 21.

Thus, in the device are aligned and mutually supplemented as cavitation vortex processes, and processes for the decomposition of water into hydrogen and oxygen, which is due to the excitation of water molecules when cavitation vortex processes, the electrolysis process, ionization counter-flows in terms of a wide range of impacts on the water occurs with lower energy costs, which increases the efficiency of the device and the teaching of the control allocation process heat flux in a wide range of capacities.

1. Cavitation heat pump-booster, the output of which is connected to the device and the swirling flow at the inlet of the vortex chamber, equipped with a device side of the swirl flow of the axial outlet channel of this chamber is hydraulically communicated with the pump inlet of the pump and resonator installed at the outlet of the fluid flow from the heat source, characterized in that the vortex chamber in its end cap, opposite the end with the twist device, made additional axial nozzle, the output of which is hydraulically communicated with the output channel of the vortex chamber through the additional Cabinet annular chamber, at the entrance of fluid flow in which the throttling orifice - nozzle and the output is the output guide apparatus with the direction of the twist of the thread, mostly the opposite direction of the twist of the thread extending from the axial nozzle swirl chamber.

2. Cavitation heat generator according to claim 1, characterized in that the ends along the axis of the heat generator installed isolated from the body of the electrode inputs, such as coaxial cables provided with at least one high-frequency source of electromagnetic energy, such as microwave generator.

3. Cavitation generator according to any one of claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the Cabinet is again an additional annular chambers are electrically isolated from the vortex chamber, and both of these cameras are connected to the source, for example, a constant voltage, forming a potential difference between the surfaces of these chambers and located along the axis of the heat source of its working cavities prosavin vortex flow.



 

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