Medical material

FIELD: medicine; physiotherapy.

SUBSTANCE: medical material has electro-insulating layer and plated shielding layer, attached to at least one side of electro-insulating layer. Shielding layer is made in form of scales. Any scale has one end attached to electro-insulating layer; other free end of scale adjoins other scales. Scales resembles cycloid-type fish scales.

EFFECT: improved efficiency of medicinal influence of material; prolonged service life of material.

15 cl, 6 dwg

 

The invention relates to medicine, in particular to physical therapy, and can be used for the production of therapeutic materials intended for the manufacture of various treatments, such as therapeutic blankets, sheets, bandages, sleeping bags, hats, clothing items, blankets on chairs, armchairs, sofas and seats drivers, screens for protection from external electromagnetic and radiation exposure, etc.

Known medical material, comprising two electrically insulating layers, between which is a shielding layer made of flexible strips of non-ferrous metal or synthetic films with metallization, deposited in a series of overlapping (patent RU 2053804, IPC A61N 1/16 published 10.02.1996,). The disadvantage of this treatment is the reduction of therapeutic effect due to rapid leakage of free electric charge with the skin surface of the patient's body on the shielding layer while performing medical procedures.

Also known therapeutic material comprising electrically insulating layer and attached to the shielding layer made of metallized polymer film (patent RU 2203107, IPC A61N 1/16 published, 27.04.2003).

The closest in technical essence of the present invention is adopted for the prototype therapeutic material, R is the overall two electrically insulating layer, between which is a shielding layer with a high coefficient of reflection of electromagnetic waves of extremely high frequency (EHF) and infrared spectrum, made from synthetic films with a layer of metallization, on which a layer of polymer material (patent RU 2185207, IPC A61N 5/00, published 20.07.2002,).

Therapeutic material for the prototype to improve the efficiency of therapeutic effects can contain multiple metallic shielding layers. However, this complicated the design and manufacture of medical material, increases the cost and reduces its flexibility and elasticity, and therefore not ensured a snug fit material to the uneven parts of the body of the patient having convex and/or concave area, which reduces the effectiveness of therapeutic effects of the material. However, a common disadvantage of the known medicinal materials is not sufficiently high durability, due to possible damage to the shielding layer with the appearance of it is not amenable to correction residual deformations and bends, cracks and fractures, which can occur because of lack of flexibility and elasticity shielding layer on the plots of the latter, are repeatedly in contact with the uneven parts of the body of the patient when performing medical procedures. Another common not is a remnant of the famous medicinal materials is the lack of electoral impacts on affected areas and biologically active zones of the body of the patient with increased therapeutic effects in these areas and zones.

The objective of the proposed invention is the provision of effect mnogosloinost metallized shielding layer treatment of the material in the last one shielding layer, as well as increasing the flexibility and elasticity of the shielding layer of therapeutic material and enabling selective effect of the treatment material on the affected areas and biologically active zone of the patient's body.

For the solution of the problem in the proposed treatment material containing electrically insulating layer and attached to at least one side metallized shielding layer, unlike the prototype, the shielding layer is made in the form of scales, consisting of scales, each of which one end is attached to the electrically insulating layer, and the opposite free edge lays on adjacent scales mentioned scales. The shielding layer can be made of metallized polymeric film, or from a synthetic film with a layer of metallization, or foil made of non-ferrous metals, mainly aluminum. This scales the shielding layer can be similar in structure from fish scales predominantly cycloidal type of the latter, and its scales is flexible and may be of round, ellipsometry, teardrop, rectangular is, trapezoidal or other shape, can be made of the same shape and equal size around the material or different shapes and/or different sizes and can be located on the surface of the electrically insulating layer with the formation of zones of thickening and/or rarefaction zones of these scales, while in zones of thickening mentioned scales less, and in the rarefaction zones is greater than in other parts of the shielding layer. In the area of thickening scales scales shielding layer these scales its free edge may be directed radially from the periphery of the said zone toward its center or radially from the center of the said zone to its periphery and can be performed with a uniform decrease their size as it approaches the center of this zone, and in the area of depression these scales last its free edge may be directed radially from the periphery of the depression to its center or radially from the center of the zone of underpressure to its periphery and can be performed with a uniform increase their size as it approaches the center of the zone of underpressure. Each area of thickening in their size and shape can match the size and shape of the diseased area or biologically active zone of the patient's body, and each zone of underpressure in their size and shape can match the size and shape teaching the TKA patient's body, with weak electromagnetic field. Electrically insulating layer may be made of synthetic film, such as polyethylene or polyester. In another version it may be made of woven, knitted or needle-punched fabric. In this case, the inner surface of the scales scales shielding layer may be applied vinyl floor, made for example of a polymeric material.

The advantage of the invention is to increase the efficiency of therapeutic effects of material by providing an effect of multi-layer metallized shielding layer treatment of the material in the last one flexible shielding layer caseychaoscasey form, is able to fit snugly to the uneven parts of the body of the patient having convex and/or concave area, which also enhances therapeutic effects of the material. However, the positive effect of the invention is to increase the durability of the treatment material by increasing the flexibility and elasticity of his shielding layer provided by the latter in the form of scales, as well as the opportunity to enhance therapeutic effects of the material on the affected areas and biologically active zone of the patient's body due to selective damage to the Oia on these areas and zones, provided by performing a shielding layer with a condensation of his scales in places, applied to affected areas and biologically active zone of the patient's body.

The invention is illustrated by drawings, which depict:

figure 1 is a curing material; increased cross-section;

figure 2 is a view along arrow a in figure 1;

figure 3 - plot treatment material containing an area of thickening scales scales shielding layer;

figure 4 - area of medical material containing the rarefaction zone scales scales shielding layer;

figure 5 is a fragment of a zone of condensation scales scales shielding layer with a uniform reduction of size scales from the periphery of the zone to its center;

figure 6 is a fragment of a zone of rarefaction scales scales shielding layer with a uniform increase of size scales from the periphery of the zone to its center.

We offer therapeutic material contains electrically insulating layer 1 (figure 1), made of woven, knitted or needle-punched fabric or plastic films (polyethylene, or polyester), and attached at least on one side of the shielding layer is made in the form of scales (figure 2), consisting of a flexible scales round 2, ellipsometry, teardrop-shaped, rectangular, trapezoidal or other shape made of a material with the high coefficient of reflection of electromagnetic waves of extremely high frequency (EHF), for example, metallized polymeric film, or from a synthetic film with a layer of metallization, or foil made of non-ferrous metals, mainly aluminum. Each of flakes 2 one edge 3 is attached to the electrically insulating layer 1, for example, by means of glue or temperature effects, and the opposite free edge 4 lays on adjacent other scales 2 (figure 1 and 2). Moreover, the scales of the shielding layer can be similar in structure from fish scales predominantly cycloidal of the type described, for example, in the book: Omani F. Fish. TRANS. from English. M., Mir, 1975, p.36-38.

Flakes 2 can be made of the same shape and equal size around the material, as shown in figure 2, or of different shapes and different sizes, or the same shape, but different sizes. However flakes 2 can be located on the surface of the electrically insulating layer 1 with the formation of zones of thickening 5 (3) and/or rarefaction zones 6 (4) of these scales, and in areas of thickening 5 scales less than 2, and in the rarefaction zones 6 is greater than in other parts of the shielding layer. The boundaries of one of the zones of thickening 5 scales 2 are marked in figure 3 by the dotted line 7, and the boundaries of one of the rarefaction zones 6 scales 2 are marked in figure 4 by the dotted line 8. In this case, the thicker scales, the less it scales 2 and the stronger is the playing technique of multi-layer shielding layer.

In each zone thickening 5 flakes 2 its free edge 4 can be directed radially from the center 9 (figure 5) zone 5 to the periphery or radially from the periphery of zone 5 to the center 9 and can be performed with a uniform decrease their size as it approaches the center of this zone, and each zone of rarefaction 6 flakes 2 its free edge 4 can be directed radially from the periphery of the zone 6 to the center 10 (6) or radially from the center of the 10 zones 6 to its periphery and can be performed with a uniform increase their size as it approaches the center of the zone 6.

Each zone thickening 5 scales 2 in the medical material according to its size and shape corresponds to the size and shape of the diseased area or biologically active zone of the patient's body, and each zone of suction 6 scales 2 in size and shape corresponds to the size and shape of the patient body area with weak electromagnetic field.

When performing electrical insulating layer 1 of the woven, knitted or needle-punched nonwovens for reducing leakage of free electric charge with the skin surface of the patient's body on the shielding layer made of scales 2, when performing therapeutic procedure on the inner surface of each of the scales 2, converted to electrical insulating layer 1 may be applied vinyl floor 11 (IG), performed, for example, from a polymeric material and is firmly United with the specified surface.

Of the proposed therapeutic material can be produced therapeutic blankets, bedspreads, sheets, pillowcases for pillows, bandages, various screens for protection from external electromagnetic and radiation exposure, sleeping bags, hats, socks, shoes, knee pads, boots, gloves and sleeves, items of clothing or blankets for animals, capes on the working surfaces of chairs, armchairs, sofas, seats car drivers or operators and supervisors of various manufacturing processes. These items can be used for polyfactorial therapeutic effects in a hospital, outpatient or home environment. However, they can be used as individual therapeutic agents or in combination with traditional therapies for the prevention and treatment of diseases of the Central and autonomic nervous system, respiratory and digestive system, cardiovascular system, musculoskeletal and metabolic disorders and involutional changes.

When performing medical procedures electrically insulating layer 1 of the proposed treatment of the material is in contact with the patient's body, and the outer shielding layer made the first of scales 2, protects the body from external electrostatic and electromagnetic fields. Own electromagnetic radiation patient EHF and infrared spectrum pass through the electrically insulating layer 1 to the shielding layer and reflected from the latter, impact on the patient's body at the cellular level. As a result of this action is to restore the proper functioning of cells and normalization of processes management systems restore and maintain cellular homeostasis. However, a reduction in heat loss and increase of skin temperature, which improves regional blood flow, overall heat transfer and functional hemodynamics.

When performing electrical insulating layer 1 of the woven, knitted or needle-punched fabric leakage of free electric charge with the skin surface of the patient's body on the shielding layer when carrying out a treatment procedure are reduced due to the resistance of the electrically insulating coating 11 applied on the inner surface of each of the scales 2 shielding layer. This increases the efficiency polyfactorial therapeutic effects of the proposed material.

Execution of the shielding layer in the form of scales, consisting of a flexible scales 2, provides the effect of layering treniruyuschego layer of therapeutic material, enhancing therapeutic effects of the latter. Due to their high flexibility and elasticity cheshuichatye shielding layer of the proposed therapeutic material is able to more tightly against the patient's body on his uneven areas, which also contributes to strengthening polyfactorial therapeutic effects of the proposed material. However, high flexibility and elasticity cheshuichatye shielding layer prevents the appearance of residual stresses and bends, cracks and fractures, which increases the durability of remedies made from this material. In addition, the shielding layer with a condensation of his scales 2 places, applied to affected areas and biologically active zone of the patient's body, provides selective therapeutic effects on these areas and zones of the patient's body, which also increases the effectiveness of therapeutic effects of the proposed material.

1. Medical material containing electrically insulating layer and attached to at least one side metallized shielding layer, wherein the shielding layer is made in the form of scales, consisting of scales, each of which one end is attached to the electrically insulating layer, and the opposite free edge lays on connecting with h the th scales mentioned scales.

2. The material according to claim 1, characterized in that the shielding layer is made of a metallized polymer film, or from a synthetic film with a layer of metallization, or foil made of non-ferrous metals, mainly aluminum.

3. The material according to claim 1, characterized in that the scales of the shielding layer is similar in its structure to the fish scales predominantly cycloidal type of the latter.

4. The material according to claim 1, characterized in that scales scales shielding layer is flexible.

5. The material according to claim 1, characterized in that scales scales shielding layer are round, ellipsometry, teardrop-shaped, rectangular, trapezoidal or other shape.

6. The material according to claim 1, characterized in that it scales scales shielding layer made of the same shape and equal size around the material.

7. The material according to claim 1, characterized in that it scales scales shielding layer made of different shapes and/or different sizes.

8. The material according to claim 1, characterized in that it scales scales shielding layer located on the surface of the electrically insulating layer with the formation of zones of thickening and/or rarefaction zones of these scales, while in zones of thickening mentioned scales less, and in the rarefaction zones is greater than in other parts of the shielding layer.

9. Material of claim 8, Otley is audica fact, in the area of thickening scales scales shielding layer these scales its free edge directed radially from the periphery of the said zone toward its center or radially from the center of the said zone to its periphery and is made with a uniform decrease their size as it approaches the center of the specified area.

10. Material of claim 8, characterized in that in the area of depression scales scales shielding layer these scales its free edge directed radially from the periphery of the said zone toward its center or radially from the center of the said zone to its periphery and is made with a uniform increase their size as it approaches the center of the specified area.

11. Material of claim 8, wherein each zone of condensation on its size and shape corresponds to the size and shape of the diseased area or biologically active zone of the patient's body.

12. Material of claim 8, wherein each zone of underpressure in size and shape corresponds to the size and shape of the patient body area with weak electromagnetic field.

13. The material according to claim 1, characterized in that the electrically insulating layer is made from a synthetic film, for example, polyethylene or polyester.

14. The material according to claim 1, characterized in that the electrically insulating layer is made of a woven, knitted or needle-punched fabric.

15. M is a material predetermined by 14 characterized in that on the inner surface of the scales scales shielding layer vinyl floor, made for example of a polymeric material.



 

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Medical material // 2310483

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1 ex

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