Method for treating of incubation eggs of farm bird with degassed water

FIELD: agricultural engineering.

SUBSTANCE: method involves treating eggs by providing vacuum sucking of preliminarily heated eggs in incubator at temperature of 37.6 C during 5-6 hours; providing aerosol treatment of incubation eggs with degassed water in disinfection chamber at temperature of 18-22 C with dose of 1.5-2 ml/m3, followed by exposing within cloud during at least 30 min.

EFFECT: increased capacity of egg hatching, reduced withdrawal of young animals, increased content of lysozyn and bacterial activity in chicken blood whey.

2 tbl, 2 ex

 

The invention relates to the field of agriculture and, in particular, to the poultry industry (application of degassed water for processing of hatching eggs).

Known methods for producing activated (degassed) water (1, 2) and its application in animal husbandry for calves and ducks (3).

Known application of electroactivated water as stimulating and detergent during the processing of hatching eggs (4). This method, taken as a prototype, is that hatching eggs alternately immersed in the catholyte, and then in the anolyte. However, this method has several disadvantages: high cost production technology electroactivated water, and lack of processing eggs.

The objective of the invention is increasing the hatchability of eggs, and improve the safety of the chickens in the post-embryonic period by treating them with degassed water.

The technical result consists in the fact that at the lowest cost available on the equipment, increasing the hatchability of eggs, reduced losses of young animals, increases the amount of lysozyme and bactericidal activity in blood serum of chickens.

The technical result is achieved by the fact that the vacuum suction applied pre-heating of the eggs in the incubator at a temperature of 37.6°C for 5-6 hours, and then spend aerosol processing is the hatching eggs degassed water in the camera at a temperature of 18-22° With the help of SAG-1 at the dose of 1.5-2 ml/m3with subsequent exposure in the cloud for at least 30 minutes.

The method is as follows.

As the source is taken distilled water, come into equilibrium with the gases of the air (this usually requires three days). Then the water is heated in an open vessel to 100°C, followed by cooling to 20°With flowing water.

This degassed water using jet aerosol generator SAG-1 is carried out by aerosol processing of hatching eggs after 5-6 hours of their warm-up in the incubator by means of vacuum suction. To achieve penetration through the shell pores inside the egg degassed water. Aerosol forcing is held in the camera incubation at a temperature of 18-22°the rate of 1.5-2 ml/m3with further exposure for at least 30 minutes.

In the result, there are cooling eggs up to 20°With, at the expense of what is a vacuum leak degassed water.

Example 1.

Hatching eggs of chickens cross "Belarus-9", obtained from one parent stock subject to the equal weight, the time of demolition and retention. The number of eggs in each batch ranged from 400 to 500 pieces. After 5-6 hours of heating in an incubator at a temperature of 37.6°remove them and put in the camera (18-22°C), DG is carried out by aerosol processing degassed water at the rate of 1.5-2 ml/m 3. As a control using eggs of the same batch treated with formaldehyde (technology management). The obtained data are presented in table 1. The hatchability of eggs in the pilot batch was increased by 3.5% compared with the control. The content of lysozyme in the serum of chickens at the age of 20 days has increased 2.3 times (p<0,001), and bactericidal activity - 16,67% (p<0,01) were higher compared to control.

Example 2.

When conducting a production test of the eggs of the cross "Lomani brown", obtained from one of the house within two days of collection, sorted in trays. One party served as a control, the second was treated with degassed water. The data presented in table 2. In the processing of their eggs hatchability increased by 1.9%, and the losses of young animals for 67 days cultivation has decreased in 2 times in comparison with the control.

Claims

References

1. Zelepukin E, Zelepukin I.D. Way to activate water. A.S. NO. 676564, USSR. Bull. No. 28. Publ. 30.07.1979.

2. Zelepukin I.D., Zelepukin E Method of obtaining biologically active water. Patent KZ No. 142. Bull. No. 2, 1993.

3. Zelepukin E, Zelepukin I.D. Key to "living" water. Alma-ATA, Kynar, 1980. - S.

4. Filonenko V., Scholl VG, Fisinin VI and other Methodological recommendations on the application of electroactivated water in the production of broiler meat. For the Orsk, 1990. - P.34-35.

Table 1
Batch of eggsThe number of eggs, piecesHatchability of eggs, %Contained in the serum of chickens at the age of 20 days
Lysozyme, ug/mlBactericidal activity, %
Control45985,5±1,74,33±0,3852,5±3,43
Experienced45984,0±1,510,06±0,3469,17±1,41

Table 2
Batch of eggsThe number of eggs, piecesHatchability of eggs, %The departure of Chicks after 67 days of cultivation, %
Control40872.65
Experienced40874.52,5

The processing method of hatching eggs poultry, characterized in that the vacuum suction is applied, the pre-heating of the eggs in the incubator at a temperature of 37.6°C for 5-6 h, and then spend aerosol processing of hatching eggs degassed water in the camera when the temperature is ur 18-22° With the help of SAG-1 at the dose of 1.5-2 ml/m3with subsequent exposure in the cloud for at least 30 minutes



 

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