Method for preparing stock solution of sodium humates and huvitan-c veterinary preparation

FIELD: medicine, veterinary science.

SUBSTANCE: the present innovation refers to medicinal preparations obtained out of natural humificated materials, such as peat. One should carry out alkaline extraction of sodium humates with aqueous solution of caustic soda due to infusing at temperature up to 90°C in a closed reservoir at weight ratio of peat/water being 1:20...1:25, moreover, sieved peat and caustic soda should be separately packed into filtration parcels made out of air-tight material. Infusion should be continued during 6..12 h at the concentration of aqueous solution of caustic soda being 0.10...0.18 weight%. For storage and delivery to the distant place for extraction one should hermetically pack filtration parcels with peat and caustic soda into preventive membrane out of water- and air-tight material with the help of vacuum packaging equipment. The veterinary preparation suggested contains stock solution of sodium humates prepared due to the above-described technique, it has hydrogen value of pH 7...8 and the concentration of sodium humates being 2...5 weight%. It additionally contains in therapeutic dosages, at least, one macro- and/or micro-elements in water-soluble and/or easily hydrolyzed form chosen out of the following group: iron, iodine, calcium, cobalt, magnesium, manganese, copper, selenium, phosphorus and their combinations. As a result, macro- and micro-elements could be observed in the following total quantities, mg/l: iron 42.6...65.4; iodine 0.29...0.36; calcium 590...730; cobalt 0.24...0.30; copper 6.52...7.98; magnesium 15.1...18.5; manganese 13.2...16.2; selenium 0.10...0.13; total phosphorus 244...296. The innovation enables to obtain the product of increased content of macro- and micro-elements.

EFFECT: higher efficiency.

8 cl, 1 tbl

 

The technical FIELD

The invention relates to medicines derived from natural humified materials such as peat, and directly relates to a method of preparation of stock solution of sodium humates and obtained on its basis of a veterinary drug. The effective area of the industrial use of the invention in General embraces agriculture, including livestock, poultry, crops, and other

The LEVEL of TECHNOLOGY

In the prior art, in particular from patent RU 2150484 known method of preparation of stock solution of sodium humates from natural humified material, mostly peat with a moisture content of 40...45%, sieved to a fraction of 1 mm, including alkaline extraction of sodium humates aqueous solution of caustic soda by infusion at a temperature of 70...80°C in closed containers, with sifted peat and caustic soda separately Packed in filter bags, non-woven permeable material and put them in water at a mass ratio of peat/water 1:20 to 1:25. In this way the insistence of the lead within 2 to 3 h at a concentration of aqueous caustic soda 50 g/kg of peat or 0.2 wt.%. Cooked this way the mother solution of sodium humates has a hydrogen ion exponent pH 7...8; data about the content of sodium humates in the fallopian RA the creators are not listed.

From the patent RU 2191798 (prototype) also known similar method of preparation of stock solution of sodium humates, received the special name "Gewitan", from the peat with the natural humidity of 45%, sieved to fractions - 3 mm, This method comprises the alkaline extraction of sodium humates aqueous solution of caustic soda by infusion at a temperature of up to 90°C in closed containers, with sifted peat and caustic soda separately Packed in filter bags, non-woven permeable material and put them in water at a mass ratio of peat/water 1:20 to 1:25. In this way insisting lead for 5 h at a concentration of aqueous caustic soda 100...120 g/kg of peat or 0.4...0.6 wt.%. According to the author prepared this way the mother solution of sodium humates has a pH 7,15 and contains 4.8 wt.% of sodium humates.

These methods share common drawback consisting in an excessively large amount of caustic introduced to alkaline extraction of sodium humates in the desire for a more complete extraction. The consequence is, as determined by comparative tests, significantly greater than stated by the author, the value of pH of the obtained mother liquor a pH of 8...10, due to the presence of a significant residue of unreacted caustic on the RA. Too high pH value of the resulting mother liquor can normally adjust to acceptable by acidification. But, before adjustment, in the extraction process, such a high pH value has already led to a partial irreversible transfer contained in the peat useful macro - and micronutrients, such as iron, calcium, cobalt, manganese, copper, phosphorus and other, insoluble in water and, therefore, are not assimilated compounds passing into the ballast. Consequently, respectively, decreases the quality of the final product - the mother liquor of sodium humates. In addition, the additional operation acidification of the resulting stock solution of sodium humates to an acceptable pH 7...8 complicates the process, especially in the case of the operation of extraction of sodium humates directly on the remote the place of consumption.

In the prior art, in particular from patent RU 2214253 (prototype), known veterinary preparation containing mother liquor of sodium humates with a concentration of 2,5...3,0%prepared by the known method described above (RU 2191798), and includes, in particular, the following components, mg/l stock solution: sodium humates - 4,8; iron - 12,5; iodine - 0,12; calcium - 59,5; cobalt - 0,02; manganese - 0,43; phosphorus - 16,0.

The disadvantage of this veterinary preparation is considered lack the CSOs above known method of preparation of stock solution of sodium humates and is accordingly substantially reduced content of useful macro - and micronutrients, in particular, iron, iodine, calcium, cobalt, manganese, copper and phosphorus. Because of this therefore reduced the quality of veterinary drugs and the effectiveness of its application.

OBJECTIVE AND summary of the INVENTION

The purpose of this invention to provide such a method of preparation of stock solution of sodium humates and veterinary drugs based on it, which allow to improve the quality of the mother liquor of sodium humates and accordingly veterinary drug based on it and to improve the effectiveness of the latter.

The problem is solved by the proposed method of preparation of stock solution of sodium humates from natural humified material, mostly peat with a moisture content of 30...50%, sieved to fractions, to 3 mm, including as a method, alkaline extraction of sodium humates aqueous solution of caustic soda by infusion at a temperature of up to 90°C in closed containers, with sifted peat and caustic soda separately Packed in filtration packages from permeable material and put them in water at a mass ratio of peat/water 1:20 to 1:25.

According to the invention are insisting for 6 to 12 h when the concentration of aqueous caustic soda solution of 0.10...to 0.18 wt.%. Thanks to the chosen concentration aqueous solution of caustic soda is directly achieved lower pH pH 7...8 stock solution of sodium humates, does not require mandatory acidification, and more complete preservation of the mother solution, useful macro - and micronutrients, particularly iron, calcium, cobalt, manganese, copper and phosphorus. The selected duration of infusion provides sufficient completeness of extraction of sodium humates. Thereby is achieved by simplifying the process and improving the quality of the mother liquor of sodium humates.

According to a preferred embodiment of the invention filtration bags with peat and caustic soda is sealed mainly using a vacuum packaging machine in a protective shell of water - and airtight material for storage and delivery to a remote place of extraction of sodium humates. This helps to keep the initial reaction of the properties of the original components for a longer period down to the time delayed extraction of sodium humates in the mother liquor.

According to a more preferred embodiment of the invention for the extraction of sodium humates use thermal capacity, and insisting lead for 6...10 o'clock On the bottom of the tank can be installed stand, for example, a cruciform shape, providing comprehensive access of water to the filtration packages, while insisting lead for 6...8 o'clock the Hanks to these measures can significantly reduce the duration of infusion.

The problem is solved also represents an integral part of the General inventive concept veterinary drug, which has the special name "Gewitan. This veterinary drug, as specified known, contains the mother solution of sodium humates.

According to the invention, the mother liquor of sodium humates prepared by the proposed method described above. This allows us to improve the quality of veterinary medicine "Gewitan With" due to the higher content of mineral macro - and micronutrients, including calcium, cobalt, manganese, copper and phosphorus, and therefore to improve the efficiency of its use.

According to a preferred embodiment of the invention veterinary drug, "Gewitan-C" further comprises at therapeutic doses, at least one macro - and/or trace elements in water-soluble and/or easy-hydrolyzed form selected from the group: iron, iodine, calcium, cobalt, magnesium, manganese, copper, selenium, phosphorus, and combinations thereof. As a result, the content of macro - and/or micronutrients may summarily be, mg/l iron 42,6...65,4; iodine...0,36 0,29; calcium 590...730; cobalt 0,24 0,30...; copper 6,52...7,98; magnesium...15,1 18,5; manganese...13,2 16,2; selenium 0,10...0,13; phosphorus total 244...296. This can further increase the effectiveness of veterinary medicine "Gewitan-With whom.

Other features of the invention are presented below in the detailed description of examples of its implementation.

DETAILED description of the INVENTION

Method of preparation of stock solution of sodium humates from natural humified material, mostly peat, based on the extraction of water-insoluble humic and fulvic acids in the form of their water-soluble salts, in particular in the form of sodium humates.

Peat, mainly sedge-fen, in the natural state or dried to a moisture content of 30...50 wt.% sieved to fractions, to 3 mm and subjected to alkaline extraction of sodium humates aqueous solution of caustic soda by infusion at a temperature of up to 90°in a closed vessel from the reaction-neutral material (enamel bath, food, plastic, stainless steel and so on). For this sample of sifted peat and caustic soda separately Packed respectively in large and small filtration packages from permeable material, such as nonwoven polypropylene material "Spunbond" or "Agrotex" weighing 30...60 g/m2. Filtration packages are heat sealed manner, with a small pack with sodium hydroxide, it is advisable to put in a large bag with peat. Large filtration bag with inside it a small filtration service dive the Ute in a container of suitable size, filled with water, or pour water with the temperature when the mass ratio of peat/water 1:20 to 1:25.

According to the invention, the concentration of the aqueous caustic soda solution is 0.10...to 0.18 wt.%, which corresponds to the amount of caustic soda 25...35 g/kg of peat when the amount of water 20...25 HP Insisting lead within 6 to 12 h, preferably with occasional stirring. After this filtration package press, otravez liquid returns into the container, and pressed the package is disposed. The resulting stock solution of sodium humates, with close to brown, if necessary, advocate for the separation of solid ballast inclusions and used for a purpose.

If there are delayed extraction of sodium humates in a remote location, according to the preferred embodiment of the invention, filtration bags with peat and caustic soda is sealed in a protective shell of water - and airtight material, such as polyethylene film, for easy storage and shipping. Sealed packaging in a protective shell is produced preferably using a conventional vacuum packaging machine.

According to a more preferred embodiment of the invention for the extraction of sodium humates use insulated container. This allows the su is the natural enemy to decrease the speed of the cooling water with the seasoning and reduce maceration up to 6...10 am Further reduction of maceration up to 6...8 h can be achieved by the fact that at the bottom of the tank is placed in a stand, for example, a cruciform shape, providing comprehensive access of water to the filtration packages and thereby facilitate the formation of the settling process of convective flow, contributing to the extraction process.

Prepared as described mother solution of sodium humates has a concentration of 2...5 wt.%, pH pH 7...8 and can be widely used for the usual purpose. It is an environmentally friendly biologically active substance (BAS) of natural origin, which stimulates carbohydrate and protein metabolism, normalizes acid balance, stimulates the activity of the intestinal microflora, increases digestive activity and intracellular enzyme systems, stimulates the growth and development of the organism, increases the resistance of animals and birds to adverse environmental factors.

Veterinary drug, which has the special name "Gewitan-With, contains, as described above, known veterinary drug, "Gewitan", the mother solution of sodium humates. According to the invention the mother liquor of sodium humates for veterinary medicine "Gewitan With" cooked proposed SPO is obom, above.

According to a preferred embodiment of the invention veterinary drug, "Gewitan-C" further comprises at therapeutic doses, at least one macro - and/or trace elements in water-soluble and/or easy-hydrolyzed form selected from the group: iron, iodine, calcium, cobalt, magnesium, manganese, copper, selenium, phosphorus, and combinations thereof.

Selected from a specified group of macro - and/or trace elements and their combinations are mineral Supplement (MD), introduced in dry form in peat. In the process of extracting the mineral ingredients of the additive added to the relevant ingredients of the actual stock solution of sodium humates. In the veterinary medicine "Gewitan With" may contain macro - and/or micronutrients in the following total amounts, mg/l iron 42,6...65,4; iodine...0,36 0,29; calcium 590...730; cobalt 0,24 0,30...; copper 6,52...7,98; magnesium...15,1 18,5; manganese...13,2 16,2; selenium 0,10...0,13; phosphorus total 244...296.

The content of the main ingredients of veterinary medicine "Gewitan-" in comparison with known veterinary drug, "Gewitan" is presented in the table (see below).

The content in veterinary drug, "Gewitan With" any toxic components is far below the maximum permissible concentrations (MPC). He has no embryotoxic, hepatotoxic and teratogenic its the problem well tolerated and does not cause side effects and complications. Veterinary drug, "Gewitan-With" has the Certificate of conformity ROSS RU. FWW No. 6216813.

Veterinary drug, "Gewitan-S" can be used in all cases, regular use of the mother liquor of sodium humates with achieving this greater efficiency, thanks to the presence of a sufficient amount of useful macro - and micronutrients. Its greatest efficiency is manifested in the prevention and treatment of many pathologies such as gastro-intestinal tract, reproductive system, skin diseases, food poisoning, metabolic disorders, and also for the purpose of improving productivity and the overall resistance of the organism.

The usual dosage of veterinary medicine "Gewitan-" with an estimated concentration of 3 wt.% is for preventive purposes 0,3...0,5 ml/kg weight of the animal 1...2 times a day orally for 20...30 days with a break for 10...15 days, then the cycle is repeated; for therapeutic purposes - 0,5...0,75 ml/kg weight of the animal orally 2 to 3 times a day for 7...8 days, if necessary, the cycle is repeated; for poultry - 6...8 l/t feed with constant use. For the treatment of skin diseases veterinary drug, "Gewitan With" applied externally in the form of lotions and compresses, the wound is washed with pasteurized on the water is bath for 2 h with mother liquor.

Table
The content of the basic ingredients
Main ingredientsThe preparation according to the prototype (pH 8...10)The preparation according to the invention (pH 7...8)Mineral Supplement (MD) (±10%)The preparation according to the invention with regard to MD
mg/l
Humates sodium4800020000 50000...-20000 50000...
Total protein850010000 40000...-10000 40000...
Total lipids54005000...6000-5000...6000
Amylase12000 13000...12000 13000...-12000 13000...
Iron12,530...501442,6...65,4
Iodine0,12...0,14 0,110,2...0,36 0,29
Potassium12,410...12-10...12
Calcium59,568...92580590 730...
Cobalt0,020,08 0,06...0,2 0,24 0,30...
Magnesium--16,815,1 18,5...
Manganese0,430,6...0,81413,2...16,2
Copper0,0080,04 0,06...7,26,52...7,98
Sodium500120...140-120...140
Selenium-...0,09 0,070,040,10...0,13
Phosphorus total16,017,2...18,8252244...296
Zinc0,190,21 0,18...1213,4 11,0...

1. Method of preparation of stock solution of sodium humates from natural humified material, mostly peat with a moisture content of 30-50%, sieved to a fraction of 3 mm, including alkaline extraction of sodium humates aqueous solution of caustic soda by infusion at a temperature of up to 90°C in closed containers, with sifted peat and caustic soda separately Packed in filtration packages from permeable material and put them in water at a mass ratio of peat/water 1:20-1:25, characterized in that the infusion are for 6-12 h at the concentration of aqueous caustic soda solution of 0.10-018 Mac.%.

2. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the filtration bags with peat and caustic soda is sealed in a protective shell of water - and airtight material for storage and delivery to a remote place of extraction of sodium humates.

3. The method according to claim 2, characterized in that the packaging in a protective shell is produced using a vacuum packaging machine.

4. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that for the extraction of sodium humates use thermal capacity, and insisting lead within 6-10 hours

5. The method according to claim 4, characterized in that on the bottom of the tank is placed in a stand, for example, a cruciform shape, providing comprehensive access of water to the filtration packages, and insisting lead within 6-8 hours

6. Veterinary preparation containing mother liquor of sodium humates, wherein the mother solution of sodium humates prepared by the method according to claim 3, has a hydrogen ion exponent pH 7-8 and the concentration of sodium humates 2-5 wt.%.

7. Veterinary drug according to claim 6, characterized in that it additionally contains at therapeutic doses, at least one macro - and/or trace elements in water-soluble and/or easy-hydrolyzed form selected from the group: iron, iodine, calcium, cobalt, magnesium, manganese, copper, selenium, phosphorus, and combinations thereof.

Weterynarii the drug according to claim 7, characterized in that it contains the macro - and/or micronutrients in the following total amounts, mg/l iron 42,6-65,4; iodine of 0.29 to 0.36; calcium 590-730; cobalt 0,24-0,30; copper 6,52-7,98; magnesium 15,1-18,5; manganese of 13.2 and 16.2; selenium 0,10-0,13; total phosphorus 244-296.



 

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