Method of sapinification of the reaction mass for production of the soap

FIELD: soap industry; methods of production of the soap.

SUBSTANCE: the invention is pertaining to the field of the soap industry, in particular, to the method of saponification of the reaction mass for production of the soap. The reaction mass is heated up by the electric current passing through it due to, at least, one electrode installed in the reactor before its filling with the reactionary mass. The electrode is connected to the power supply source. welding rod bridged to a radiant of a current flow. The invention allows to increase efficiency of the production process and the quality of the produced soap.

EFFECT: the invention ensures the increased efficiency of the production process and the quality of the produced soap.

4 cl, 3 dwg

 

The invention relates to soap industry and can be used for the saponification reaction mass.

For the assessment of novelty and technical level of the claimed solution consider a number known to the applicant of technical means for a similar purpose, which is characterized by a set similar to the claimed invention of the signs.

A method of obtaining a solid Laundry soap, which includes processing the mixture of fatty acids and complex salts of fatty acids, Daylene sodium hydroxide solution and drying, the fatty acids used fatty acid fraction C15-C22and as complex calcium salts used salts of fatty acids of the same faction, the latter is injected in the amount of 3-7 wt.% of the total number of fatty acids, see RF patent №2055870.

There is a method of saponification, according to which the process of saponification of fats and oils is carried out in conditions of resonant vibration exposure, it is possible to carry out the process of saponification and neutralization process fatty acids to produce the same result - saponified fatty raw materials. For implementing the method of saponification of fats, oils and neutralization of fatty acids is applied to the device, representing the hydrodynamic oscillator, consisting of a body with one or several is likemy tangential input channels, which connect the discharge line of the pump with the interior of the working chamber with the output channel in the form of a Venturi and the resonant chamber, see RF patent №2055865.

There is a method of saponification of fats and oils, solutions of alkaline agents, as the alkaline agent used concentrated aqueous solutions of sodium silicates of the General formula Na2OmSiO2with a value of m=2.8 to 0.2 mol/mol, providing complete neutralization of fatty acids and saponification of the fat mixture and the module silicate to a value of 2.8 to 3.5 mol/mol, see RF patent №2170244.

There is a method of saponification of the reaction mass, whereby the fatty raw materials omelet aqueous solution of sodium carbonate in rotary-film device with subsequent dominium aqueous solution of caustic soda, grind, defend with the Department of soap base, dried under vacuum and lead, and the carbonate process of saponification is carried out in the mode that provides the value of Euler's criterion within 500-2000, at temperatures of 100-180°and when the concentration of the aqueous solution of soda ash 20-24 wt.%, see RF patent №1828655.

By the greatest number of similar features this solution is chosen as the prototype of the claimed invention.

The disadvantage of the prototype, which does not allow us to achieve our goals, is necessary the feature of heating the reaction mixture up to 180° With that carried out by using steam supplied through the bubblers. This reduces the efficiency of the process through a number of transformations and energy loss on the way: El. energy - steam generator - steam - bubble - heat - reaction mass. When zagustevanii the reaction mass the heating is significantly difficult due to the low thermal conductivity of the mass and the phenomenon of migration pair, which leads to uneven heating of the amount of weight and reduces the quality of the final product.

The basis of the claimed invention based on a solution to the problem of increasing the efficiency of the process, ensuring the maintenance of the process in the given modes, improving the quality of soap.

The essence of the invention is expressed in the following essential features sufficient to achieve the above provided by the invention a technical result.

According to the invention, the method of saponification of the reaction mixture for the production of Soaps, including heating of the reaction mass in the reactor, characterized in that the reactor volume is placed at least one electrode, connecting it with a source of electric current, then fill the reactor the reaction mass, after which close the circuit of the electric current through the electrode.

This is a set of essential features, ensuring the maintenance of the technical result in all cases, to which the requested amount of legal protection.

In addition, the claimed technical solution has several optional features that characterize a particular form of implementation, namely:

in the reactor placing a set of electrodes that have symmetrical about the vertical axis of the reactor;

in the reactor placing a set of electrodes that are placed in the bottom zone of the reactor;

- change the frequency and strength of current passing through the electrodes,

additionally carry out the mixing of the reaction mass;

- for mixing the reaction mass in the reactor serves compressed air;

- for mixing the reaction mixture at least one of the electrodes are set to rotate and perform with that stirring of the reaction mass during the rotation of the electrode.

The applicant has not identified the sources containing information on technical solutions, the combination of features which coincide with the set of distinctive features of the claimed invention, which allows to make a conclusion about its compliance with the condition of "novelty".

Individual distinguishing features of the claimed invention (electrodes, reactor) is known from the prior art, however, applicant is not aware of any publication that would contain the information about the impact of these distinctive features of invention technical result achieved - improving the quality of soap.

In this regard, we can draw a conclusion about conformity of the proposed technical solution the condition of "inventive step".

The invention is illustrated by drawings, where figure 1 presents the reactor with a set of electrodes arranged symmetrically about the vertical axis of the reactor, figure 2 - reactor electrode located on the vertical axis of the reactor and mounted rotatably in figure 3 - reactor with a set of electrodes located in the bottom zone of the reactor.

The reaction mass for the production of soap placed in the reactor 1, the volume of which is placed at least one electrode 2 connected to a source of electric current (not shown).

The method is as follows.

The reaction mass for the production of soap is heated in the reactor 1, for which the volume of the reactor 1 is placed at least one electrode 2, connect it with a source of electric current, then the reactor 1 is filled reaction mass, after which close the circuit of the electric current through the electrode 2. In the reaction mass, an electric current, heat, resulting in heating of the reaction mass. Selecting the location of the electrodes 2 in the volume of the reaction mass provides uniform heating of the mass, which increases the quality of the final product - we the and. The electrodes 2 may be located symmetrically relative to the vertical axis of the reactor 1, or in the bottom zone of the reactor 1. To improve the conditions of heating the reaction mass change the frequency and strength of current passing through the electrodes 2. With the same purpose additionally carry out the mixing of the reaction mass in the reactor 1 serves compressed air, or at least one of the electrodes 2 sets with possibility of rotation or perform with that stirring of the reaction mass during the rotation of the electrode 2.

The requested technology can be implemented industrially using well-known technologies and technical means, which determines, according to the applicant, the condition of "industrial applicability".

1. Method of saponification of the reaction mixture for the production of Soaps, including heating of the reaction mass in the reactor, characterized in that the heating of the reaction mass is carried out by generate electric current via the reactor before filling his reaction mass, at least one electrode connected with the source of electric current.

2. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the heating of the reaction mass is realized by means installed in the reactor set of electrodes located the x symmetrically relative to the vertical axis of the reactor.

3. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that it further carry out the mixing of the reaction mass.

4. The method according to claim 3, characterized in that at least one of the electrodes are set to rotate and perform with that stirring of the reaction mass during the rotation of the electrode.



 

Same patents:

The invention relates to the production of detergents on the basis of alkaline salts of saturated and unsaturated aliphatic acids, in particular, to methods for quality control of products upon receipt and storage of different types of commercial toilet soap

Soap firm // 2186838
The invention relates to soap production and can be used for Laundry products from various tissues, as well as for sanitary purposes

The invention relates to soap production

FIELD: oil and fat industry and technology.

SUBSTANCE: method involves mixing adsorbent with vegetable oil, exposure of a mixture of adsorbent with vegetable oil and separation of adsorbent from vegetable oil. Mixing adsorbent with vegetable oil and exposure of the mixture is carried out at temperature 15-30°C for 1-5 h followed by decreasing temperature of the mixture to 5-10°C and carrying out exposure for 10-15 h. Invention provides preparing oil of higher quality characterized by low mass part of phospholipids, mass part of soap and less value of color index. Invention can be used for adsorption refining vegetable oils.

EFFECT: improved refining method.

3 tbl, 3 ex

FIELD: fat-and-oil industry.

SUBSTANCE: method comprises separation of phases, treatment with reagent, and separation of sediment, said reagent being three-component one consisting of sodium sulfate, sodium alkylsulfate, and carboxymethylcellulose (weight ratio 1:1:2) in amount 0.5-2.0% of the weight of material to be treated. Treatment is conducted for 15-20 min at 75-85°C and stirring speed 30-45 sec-1. Treated product is characterized by more fully removed phospholipids, insoluble and non-hydrolysable substances and lower ash level.

EFFECT: improved quality of product, simplified refinement procedure, and reduced power consumption.

3 ex

FIELD: fur animal farming.

SUBSTANCE: invention concerns fat-and-oil industry, namely to production of fur animal fats useful in cosmetics, medicine, and domestic chemical goods industry. Refinement of fats envisages treating fats with sodium metasilicate used in amount of 1-3% of the weight of fats. Treatment is carried out by stirring mixture for 15-20 min at stirring speed 30-45 sec-1, while the whole refinement procedure proceeds at 45-55°C. Raw material used is mink, polar fox, and fox fats.

EFFECT: reduced process time and improved quality of product due to more complete removal of associating substances.

3 ex

FIELD: fat-and-oil industry; methods and devices for purification of the vegetable oils.

SUBSTANCE: the invention is pertaining to the fat-and-oil industry and may be used for purification of the vegetable oils with the subsequent withdrawal of the phospholipids. The method of purification of the vegetable oil provides for commixing of the vegetable oil and the hydratable solution, affecting on the received admixture by the pressure and the ultrasound. The production line for the vegetable oil purification includes the coupled by the pipeline system tanks with the crude oil and the hydratable solution, the mixer, the pump, the sediment trapping device, the cavitational-ultrasonic oscillator made in the form of the body with slits and mounted in it the conical nozzle and the deflector. The mixer is combined with the pump. Between the cavitational-ultrasonic oscillator and the pump there is additionally mounted bypass valve. The surface of the deflector of the cavitational ultrasonic oscillator is made relief and the slits in the body are made tangentially. The invention ensures acceleration and simplification of the process of withdrawal of the phospholipids and improvement in quality of the vegetable oil purification.

EFFECT: the invention ensures acceleration and simplification of the process of the phospholipids withdrawal and the improved quality of the vegetable oil purification.

2 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: food industry, namely, fat and oil branch.

SUBSTANCE: vacuum evaporator plant for vegetable oils consists of vacuum apparatus, condenser and vacuum pump. Device differs from other because vacuum apparatus is made in form of horizontal vessel, made of continuous pipe in form of several mated similar segments of cylinder with large segment of cylinder, and connected to heat carrier circulation contour. Shafts are positioned along axis of large segment of cylinder with possible rotation in different directions, snake-shaped perforated blades being attached to aforementioned shafts.

EFFECT: decreased oil heating temperature and expanded evaporation surface.

2 dwg

FIELD: fat-and-oil industry, in particular, clearing vegetable oils and fats used for obtaining of food product such as ketchup.

SUBSTANCE: method involves withdrawing phospholipids free from fatty acids, colorants, waxes and odorizing substances using reactant, with mixture of sunflower oil, carrot oil, wheat grit oil and nut oil utilized in the ratio of 1:1:1:1 being used as mixture of vegetable oils, and general-purpose composite reactant consisting of oxyethylene cellulose, sodium metasilicate and phosphoric acid used in an amount of, wt%, 50, 45, 5, respectively, being utilized as reactant; mixing oil and reactant at temperature of 20-50 C.

EFFECT: increased yield of oils and reduced production costs, improved component composition for dietary feeding, optimal functional and rheological properties, improved quality of oils designed for obtaining of food products such as ketchup.

3 ex

FIELD: fat-and-oil industry.

SUBSTANCE: process comprises providing oil-containing vegetable raw material, extracting oil from oil-containing vegetable raw material by way of pressing it and separating oil cake. Extraction of oil from resulting oil cake on extraction installation (which is a part of the invention), wherein two cake deoiling are combined: mixing of cake with extractant used at weight ratio 1:(1.9-2.2) for 10-15 min and final counter-current deoiling on inclined screw extractor to residual content of fat in the cake not higher than 1%. Oil obtained through pressing and extraction is refined using complex refiner consisting of three constituents. The first constituent is high-molecular weight electrolyte or mixture of high-molecular weight electrolytes; the second one is low-molecular weight electrolyte or mixture of low-molecular weight electrolytes; and the third one are organic and/or inorganic peroxides and/or hydroperoxides, taken at weight ratio 1:(25-250):(0.5-2.0), respectively. Refiner is used in amount of 0.2 to 1.5% of the total weight of oil being refined. Mixing of the oil being refined with complex refiner is effected no longer than 30 min at temperature between 0 and 100°C by way of creating spiral trajectory of movement of resulting mixture in a suitable apparatus (which is a part of the invention), after which mixture is settled.

EFFECT: achieved high-performance vegetable oil production technology owing to reduced losses of oil in extraction and refining processes.

30 cl, 2 deg, 1 tbl, 5 ex

FIELD: fat-and-oil industry.

SUBSTANCE: process comprises providing oil-containing vegetable raw material, extracting oil from oil-containing vegetable raw material by way of pressing it and separating oil cake. Extraction of oil from resulting oil cake on extraction installation (which is a part of the invention), wherein two cake deoiling are combined: mixing of cake with extractant used at weight ratio 1:(1.9-2.2) for 10-15 min and final counter-current deoiling on inclined screw extractor to residual content of fat in the cake not higher than 1%. Oil obtained through pressing and extraction is refined using complex refiner consisting of three constituents. The first constituent is high-molecular weight electrolyte or mixture of high-molecular weight electrolytes; the second one is low-molecular weight electrolyte or mixture of low-molecular weight electrolytes; and the third one are organic and/or inorganic peroxides and/or hydroperoxides, taken at weight ratio 1:(25-250):(0.5-2.0), respectively. Refiner is used in amount of 0.2 to 1.5% of the total weight of oil being refined. Mixing of the oil being refined with complex refiner is effected no longer than 30 min at temperature between 0 and 100°C by way of creating spiral trajectory of movement of resulting mixture in a suitable apparatus (which is a part of the invention), after which mixture is settled.

EFFECT: achieved high-performance vegetable oil production technology owing to reduced losses of oil in extraction and refining processes.

30 cl, 2 deg, 1 tbl, 5 ex

FIELD: fat-and-oil industry.

SUBSTANCE: process comprises providing oil-containing vegetable raw material, extracting oil from oil-containing vegetable raw material by way of pressing it and separating oil cake. Extraction of oil from resulting oil cake on extraction installation (which is a part of the invention), wherein two cake deoiling are combined: mixing of cake with extractant used at weight ratio 1:(1.9-2.2) for 10-15 min and final counter-current deoiling on inclined screw extractor to residual content of fat in the cake not higher than 1%. Oil obtained through pressing and extraction is refined using complex refiner consisting of three constituents. The first constituent is high-molecular weight electrolyte or mixture of high-molecular weight electrolytes; the second one is low-molecular weight electrolyte or mixture of low-molecular weight electrolytes; and the third one are organic and/or inorganic peroxides and/or hydroperoxides, taken at weight ratio 1:(25-250):(0.5-2.0), respectively. Refiner is used in amount of 0.2 to 1.5% of the total weight of oil being refined. Mixing of the oil being refined with complex refiner is effected no longer than 30 min at temperature between 0 and 100°C by way of creating spiral trajectory of movement of resulting mixture in a suitable apparatus (which is a part of the invention), after which mixture is settled.

EFFECT: achieved high-performance vegetable oil production technology owing to reduced losses of oil in extraction and refining processes.

30 cl, 2 deg, 1 tbl, 5 ex

FIELD: fat-and-oil industry; methods and devices of cryogenic refrigeration of the oils.

SUBSTANCE: the invention is pertaining to the field of fat-and-oil industry. The method of cryogenic refrigeration of the oils provides for refrigeration, crystallization of the waxen substances with utilization of the vapors of the cryogenic agent and stirring, seasoning, heating up and filtrating of the oils. At that the stirring is conducted with formation of the rarefaction areas, in which the cryogenic agent is directly fed for refrigeration of the oil. And the waste vapors of the cryogenic agent after the crystallization of the waxen substances in the oil purified, separated and concentrated by the baromembrane methods are used as the inert gas at storing the oil. The installation includes arranged along the run of the production process components: pumps, the tank for the purified oil, the heat-exchangers, the refrigerator, screens, the sediment collector, the intermediate collector, the mixer, the heater and the cryogenic crystallizer. Behind the heater there are additionally in series mounted the compression pump, the membrane-type generator and the filling device for filling the oils in the leakproof tare. In the first version the cryogenic crystallizer with the heat-insulation is made in the form of the closed cylindrical body having: the tangentially located to it branch-pipe for the oil feeding, inside which there is the coaxially located fitting pipe for the liquid cryogenic agent feeding; the conical detachable cover; the conical bottom and arranged along the run of the production process - the hydrocyclone, the clarifier in the fluidized layer, the settling tank, the thin layer multihydrocyclone made out of the coaxially arranged plates, the clarifier in the fluidized layer, the forced settler-separator, the aerator-flotation device-hydrocyclone, the coalescing screen and the flotation chamber formed by the conical detachable cover, in the upper part of which there is the vacuum filter. The vacuum filter represents the drum, the filtration surface of which is made out of the metal-ceramics, above which there is the knife. At that inside the drum there are partitions connected with the hollow shaft linked by the system of the pipelines with the branch-pipes used accordingly for feeding of the gaseous cryogenic agent in the coalescing screen and in the clarifier. At that the clarifier is located in the fluidized layer behind the coalescing screen. The aerator-flotation device-hydrocyclone are supplied with the branch-pipes with screens, and the settling area collector of the coalescing screen - with the branch pipe without the screen. In the second version the crystallizer with the heat-insulation is made in the form of the oval-shaped body with the inlet and outlet branch-pipes with the screens. In the upper part of the conical detachable cover of which there is the vacuum filter and inside the body there is the two-blade stirrer fixed on the hollow shaft. At that the shape of the blades is precisely repeat the internal surface of the cryogenic crystallizer and have the holes located in symmetry on the both sides respect to the attached to their middle part perforated tubes for the cryogenic agent feeding and are placed so, that the areas of their operation are overlapping. At that the holes in the perforated tube there are only in its spherically bent part and are guided in the direction opposite to the direction of rotation of the stirrer. The invention allows to increase efficiency of the installation operation, to reduce the specific power consumption and costs of materials at utilization of the cryogenic agent and to ensure the high quality of the oil at storing.

EFFECT: the invention ensures the increased efficiency of the installation operation, reduction of the specific power consumption and the costs of materials at utilization of the cryogenic agent, the high quality of the oil at storing.

3 cl, 8 dwg

FIELD: fat-and-oil industry.

SUBSTANCE: method comprises treatment of raw material with fine adsorbent followed by separation of adsorbent and filtration thereof. Adsorbent is silica containing aluminum compounds and water and obtained by synthesis from silicohydrofluoric acid and aluminum hydroxide taken in specified proportions.

EFFECT: improved quality of refining, reduced losses, and simplified refining procedure.

2 cl, 2 tbl, 3 ex

FIELD: fat-and-oil industry.

SUBSTANCE: method comprises treatment of raw material with fine adsorbent followed by separation of adsorbent and filtration thereof. Adsorbent is silica containing aluminum compounds and water and obtained by synthesis from silicohydrofluoric acid and aluminum hydroxide taken in specified proportions.

EFFECT: improved quality of refining, reduced losses, and simplified refining procedure.

2 cl, 2 tbl, 3 ex

FIELD: chemical technology.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the improved method for treatment of organic mixtures from carbonyl compounds and acids by their treatment with sodium sulfite. Method involves using organic mixtures comprising carbonyl compounds and carboxylic acids in the ratio = 1 g-equiv. : 1 g-equiv. or with excess of acids, or with excess of carbonyl compounds. In this case before treatment with sodium sulfite carboxylic acid is added to the parent mixture in the amount to obtain the ratio of carbonyl compounds to acids as 1 g-equiv. per 1 g-equiv. and treatment is carried out with solid sodium sulfite in beaded mill with the mass ratio of the composition charge to glass beads as a grinding agent = 1:(1-2) at the rate of mechanical mixer rotation 1440 rev/min, not less, and in dosing sodium sulfite 1.2-1.5 mole per 1 g-equiv. of carbonyl compounds or excess of acid in the presence of stimulating additive up to practically complete consumption of carbonyl compounds, or carbonyl compounds and acids. Process is carried out in the presence of sodium and potassium hydroxide and acetate and sodium nitrate also as a stimulating additive taken in the amount 1-4% of mass sodium sulfite to be added up to practically complete consumption of carbonyl compounds and acids in composition to be treated. This simple method provides high degree of purification being even in small parent content of carbonyl compounds and acids.

EFFECT: improved method for treatment.

4 cl, 3 tbl, 19 ex

FIELD: fat-and-oil industry.

SUBSTANCE: process comprises hydration of oil, treatment with orthophosphoric acid, neutralization of oil with alkali, separation of soap stock, and filtration. In hydration step, vegetable oil is heated to 60°C. Orthophosphoric acid is used in amount 0.8 kg per 1 t oil. Before separation of soap stock, to neutralized soap stock-containing oil, 4% polycationite FL solution is added at stirring for 15-20 min in amount 50 g per 1 t oil at 45°C and atmospheric pressure.

EFFECT: improved physicochemical characteristics of oil due to enhanced separation of soap stock, reduced amount oil waste in soap stock, and eliminated washing of oil with water.

1 tbl, 2 ex

FIELD: fat-and-oil industry, in particular, vegetable oil refining processes.

SUBSTANCE: method involves freezing out vegetable oil while adding auxiliary filtering powders; holding vegetable oil at low temperature; separating used filtering powder with wax-containing sediment from refined vegetable oil and regenerating separated used filtering powder; during regeneration process, mixing used filtering powder with additionally introduced fatty product to pasty state; heating while mixing to temperature sufficient for melting of all wax fractions and separating resultant mixture by centrifuging into regenerated dry filtering powder and wax-containing fatty product. Regenerated filtering powder produced may be utilized multiple times in the processes of freezing out of vegetable oil.

EFFECT: increased adsorptive activity with respect to wax globules on surface of filtering powder particles, reduced total consumption of filtering powder, obtaining of concentrated wax-containing fatty products immediately from used sediments, reduced loss of winterized oil due to blocking of inner pores of particles by wax-containing fat product.

FIELD: fat-and-oil industry, in particular, vegetable oil refining processes.

SUBSTANCE: method involves freezing out vegetable oil while adding auxiliary filtering powders; holding vegetable oil at low temperature; separating used filtering powder with wax-containing sediment from refined vegetable oil and regenerating separated used filtering powder; during regeneration process, mixing used filtering powder with additionally introduced fatty product to pasty state; heating while mixing to temperature sufficient for melting of all wax fractions and separating resultant mixture by centrifuging into regenerated dry filtering powder and wax-containing fatty product. Regenerated filtering powder produced may be utilized multiple times in the processes of freezing out of vegetable oil.

EFFECT: increased adsorptive activity with respect to wax globules on surface of filtering powder particles, reduced total consumption of filtering powder, obtaining of concentrated wax-containing fatty products immediately from used sediments, reduced loss of winterized oil due to blocking of inner pores of particles by wax-containing fat product.

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