Method for preparing electrolyte aqueous component for chemical current supply

FIELD: electrical engineering.

SUBSTANCE: proposed method for preparing electrolyte aqueous component for chemical current supply includes magnetization of distilled water for which purpose permanent magnet is immersed in the latter, then water is heated to boiling temperature, and boiling water is doped with animal-origin substrate in the amount of 5 to 8 g per 1 liter of water and boiled for 20 - 30 minutes, whereupon vegetable-origin oil in the amount of 15 - 20 ml per 1 liter of water and vegetable-origin resin in the amount of 20 - 25 ml per 1 liter of water are added thereto, and boiling is continued for 5 - 10 minutes; then solution obtained is cooled down and filtered off.

EFFECT: enhanced power characteristics of battery.

4 cl, 1 tbl

 

The invention relates to the field of electrical engineering, in particular to the preparation of an aqueous component of the electrolyte for chemical current sources.

A known method of manufacturing the electrolyte for alkaline batteries (see patent RU No. 2257647, CL NM 10/26), which includes the alkali metal hydroxide and distilled water.

There is also known a method of manufacturing an electrolyte for lead acid batteries (see patent RU No. 2258981, CL NM 10/10). This method is adopted here as a prototype, is that in silica gel added with constant stirring, distilled water and an inorganic acid. The mixture was incubated in a magnetic field created in a pipe of circular cross section made of magnetic material.

A disadvantage of the known alkaline and acid electrolytes containing normal or minichannel distilled water, is that when using such electrolytes power consumption of the battery is determined mainly by the amount of applied active substance on the electrodes.

Objective of the claimed invention is the preparation of the original water component for alkaline and acid batteries, allowing better use of applied chemically active substance on the electrodes and to get better the energy performance of battery.

The implementation of the claimed method

In the container of distilled water, lower permanent magnet. Bringing water to a boil, add chopped substrate of animal origin (for example, horns of animals) in an amount of 5-8 g per 1 l of water. After 20-30 min in a boiling liquid, add the oil of plant origin (for example, fir oil) and boil for another 5-10 minutes Then the solution is cooled, filtered and the condition is used instead of the usual distilled water in the preparation of the electrolyte for alkaline or acid battery.

Disclosure of inventions

The most significant features of the invention is the processing of distilled water, intended to receive the battery electrolyte materials of biological origin, in particular temperature and time conditions.

The resulting effect is more fully used applied chemically active substance on the electrodes and the same mass of active substance are provided as technical result - the best power characteristics of the battery.

The implementation of the invention

To confirm a causal link between the essential features of the invention and the claimed technical result of a successful test series, the essence of which was:

- getting bioactivating dis is illirians water in accordance with the claimed method;

- comparison of the main energy characteristics of pairs of identical batteries using the electrolyte composition of conventional and bioactivating distilled water.

The test results of one of the pairs of batteries (type MCS-9) are shown in the attached "test certificate".

From tables and graphs "test report" by well-known physical and mathematical considerations received the following characteristics:

The internal resistance of the battery Ri

Ri is calculated according to the formula Ri=(E-U)/I, where I is the discharge current of 2 A. Since Ri several changes during discharge, to obtain the averaged value Ri is selected relatively smooth area of each graph (where E and U do not fall below 10 In).

The results of calculations Ri posted in the following table 1, based on table "test report".

Table 1
The results of calculations Ri
t010306090120150180240250260
U12,412,212,1to 12.011,8the 11.611,210,7 the 4.7--
AI13,113,012,9a 12.712,612,412,111,810,8the 10.15,5
The hedgehog12,912,612,512,312,1to 12.011,811,48,4--
UOM13,813,213,112,912,9a 12.712,512,111,711,28,1
Ri W, MD0,250,200,200,150,150,200,300,351,85--
Ri and Ω0,350,100,100,100,150,150,200,150,450,551,30

Thus:

with ordinary distilled water Ri W predn. = 0.225 Ohms;

with bioactivating water Ri and predn. = 0,194 Ohms.

The achieved reduction of the internal resistance of the battery 14% is a useful technical result, pascalc the battery will give more energy to the load and less will spend it in vain.

Potential characteristics of the battery E and the U

Since E and U changing slightly during the discharge, to obtain the averaged values of E and U also selected a relatively smooth area of each graph (where E and U are not below 10 In).

Thus:

with ordinary distilled water Hedgehog predn. = 12,2;

with ordinary distilled water U predn. = 11.8 V;

with bioactivating water Unit predn. = 12.6 V;

with bioactivating water AI predn. = 12,2 Century

The achieved increase in EMF and voltage on the load of the battery at 0.4 V is a useful technical result, because the battery will give more energy to the load.

The energy battery

The energy of the battery (EA) in fact - uppercase given in the load. For the correctness of the comparison test both batteries taken so during which the voltage at each load has decreased to a level 6 In maintaining the current force 2 A. From the graphs it is seen that the counting time of the battery with normal electrolyte is 230 minutes, and the battery with an experienced electrolyte - 258 minutes It is accordingly (same indexing);

EA W=7,7 And·h; EA=8,6 And·h

The achieved increase in the energy efficiency of the battery 12% is certainly a useful technical result.

1. Method of preparation of water composing the second electrolyte for chemical current source, including the magnetization of distilled water, characterized in that the magnetization of distilled water in it is placed a permanent magnet and bring to a boil, boiling water is added to the substrate of animal origin in the amount of 5-8 g per 1 liter of water and boil for 20-30 minutes, then add the vegetable oil in the amount of 15-25 ml per 1 l of water and the resin of plant origin in the amount of 20-25 ml per 1 liter of water and continue to boil for 5-10 minutes, after which the resulting solution was cooled and filtered.

2. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that as the substrate of animal origin used crushed horns of animals.

3. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the vegetable oils used fir oil.

4. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that, as a resin of vegetable origin used pine tar.



 

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