Method of treatment of the liquid medium and the device for its realization

FIELD: pharmaceutical industry; food-processing industry; fragrance industry; methods and the devices for treatment of the liquid mediums.

SUBSTANCE: the invention is pertaining to the pharmaceutical, food-processing industry, perfumery industry, in particular, it is used for production of the liquid medium saturated with oxygen and the biologically active substances. The method of treatment of the liquid medium provides for gating through the liquid medium of the stream of the oxygen-containing gaseous medium. At that the gaseous medium is preliminary saturated with the phytoexcreta of the plants by gating the stream of the indicated medium through the chamber with the subjected to the treatment pemphigus or sheared plants secreting the phytoexcreta. The device for treatment of the liquid medium contains the tool for injection of the gaseous medium with the injection and intake fitting pipes, at least one tank for the liquid medium, at least one chamber with the plants secreting the phytoexcreta. The injection fitting pipe of the indicated tool is connected to the tank for the liquid medium, and the intake fitting pipeline is connected with the chamber with the plants secreting the phytoexcreta. At that the chambers for plants and the tanks for the liquid medium are equipped with the aids for adjustment at least of the temperature or the light mode, and also for at least one type of the treatment of the plants: the thermal treatment either the light treatment, or the electromagnetic treatment. The liquid medium treated by the above described method is defined by the heightened content of oxygen and the biologically active agents.

EFFECT: the invention ensures, that the liquid medium treated by the above described method is defined by the heightened content of the oxygen and the biologically active agents.

12 cl, 10 tbl, 7 ex, 1 dwg

 

The invention relates to the saturation of various liquids with oxygen, for example, aeration, and can be used in the food industry, pharmaceuticals, perfumery and cosmetics, physiotherapy and aromatherapy, water, fisheries and agriculture, including for the preparation of beverages, food additives, medicines, new perfumes and cosmetic products, inhalation and bathing, improve habitat and productivity of fish and other useful animals and micro-organisms in aquariums, ponds, pools, and also for the preparation processing of plants and animals.

Known methods and devices for modifying the properties of water, liquids and other substances, including the steps of cleaning, feeding, pumping (carbonated under pressure) or transmission through air and other gases (Gahrns H.-H. Tehcniche Beluftung Steigert Effectivitat der Forellenproduktion (Using aeration ponds for growing trout) [1]; Z.Binnenfischerei DDR, 1988, t.35, No. 6, s.209-214 [1]; Kindschi G.A. Notes on two feed types and methods for steelhead trout production (the Use of two types of feed and feeding methods rainbow trout) [2]; Program. Fish-Cuturist, 1984, t.46, No. 1, R-47 [2]; Rummler F., Pfeifer M. Erste Versuche zur (1-2) - Produktion in einer Aniage mit Sauerstoffbegasung und Rundbecken (the First experiments on the cultivation of one-year-old and two-year-old Karpov in oxygen-enriched round pools) Z.Binnenfischerei DDR, 1987, t.34, No. 6, S.179-185 [3]).

The disadvantage of podobn the x methods and devices is a weak complex effect, caused by a limited set of active substances, and permanently (of course not renewable) the use of certain critical components (e.g., oxygen), fillers and materials, filters, etc.

The present invention is to remedy these disadvantages, the higher oxygen content in various liquid media, as well as the saturation of the liquid media which improves health, beneficial to human health, environmental sustainability and productivity of animals, beneficial insects, protozoa microorganisms and plants, comprehensively reduce the number of harmful bacteria and viruses constantly natural renewable ingredients, such as ions, aromatic oils, volatile.

Other additional tasks can be understood from the disclosure of the invention.

The problem is solved in that in the processing method of a liquid medium, comprising passing through her stream of oxygen-containing gaseous medium, a gaseous medium is pre-saturated with photoexcited plants by passing a stream referred to the environment through the camera with vegetative or cut plants that produce photoexcited and processed.

In private embodiments of the invention the problem is solved by the fact that:

before saturation of f is toextreme plants gaseous environment is cleaned from impurities by passing the thread mentioned environment through secondary camera with vegetative and/or cut plants, absorbing relevant impurities;

the processing plant is carried out by heat or light, or electromagnetic effects;

the liquid medium is subjected to thermal or electromagnetic effects;

in the process of passing a flow of gaseous medium change of physical or chemical parameters of the gaseous environment;

the treatment is carried out in the presence of oily plant extracts;

after passing rich phytoextractum gaseous medium through the liquid undertaking the selection of part of the gaseous environment and subsequent condensation and collection of the resulting condensate plant excreta;

- gaseous environment before passing through the liquid accumulates under pressure in storage tanks for receiving, for example, carbonated drinks.

The task is also solved by a device for implementing the method, according to which it contains the means of discharge of gaseous medium from the inlet and the intake pipe, at least one reservoir for a liquid medium, at least one camera with plants that produce photoexcited, interconnected gazoprovodsk tubes, thus forcing the pipe mentioned pumping means through gazoprovoda tube connected to a reservoir for a liquid medium, and the ICA is yuushi pipe - camera with plants.

In private embodiments of the invention the problem is solved by the fact that:

- the unit is equipped with a camera with plants absorbing impurities, connected to the camera with plants that produce photoexcited;

camera for plants and tanks for liquid media can be equipped with devices for regulating at least temperature or light conditions, and also for thermal, electromagnetic, and other processing plants;

the device may further comprise a device for condensation of excreta, installed at the outlet of the liquid medium for a more complete collection of plant excreta;

camera with plants can be made in the form of a toroid.

The basis of the invention was based on the idea to saturate the liquid medium not only oxygen, but also other useful substances - excreta plants.

During experiments it was quite unexpectedly found that saturated environment not only acquires the beneficial properties inherent in the excreta of plants, but it also increased the oxygen content.

Photoexcited represent the end products of metabolism, secreted by the plant out. In plant excretion involves special hardware and the surface of cells, and the process of excretion is through the liability is on outwash sediments and, mainly fumes.

Among photoexcited mainly dominated by terpenoids.

Terpenoids are called natural hydrocarbon composition C10H16and their numerous oxygen derivatives (alcohols, aldehydes, ketones, acids, oxides and others). They are contained mainly in the essential oils of flowers, leaves, pine needles, fruit plants, in various natural resins (balms) conifers (pine, fir, cedar, spruce, and others).

Terpenoids are different from other organic compounds of the same composition penchant for isomerase, cyclization and polymerization, which often occur even in very mild conditions (low temperature, dilution, and so on).

This large class of natural compounds distinguish monoterpene (C10H16), sesquiterpene (C15H24), diterpenes (C20H32), triterpenes (C30H48), tetraterpene (C40H64and polyterpenes, in primary forms (C10H16). These numerous groups of compounds found in almost all tissues and medicinal plants. They are contained in essential oils contain monoterpene and sesquiterpene), bitterness (mainly sesquiterpene lactones), resins and balsams (contain diterpenes).

Terpene compounds are active participants in the exchange processes in rastitel the m body, as evidenced by their high reactivity. Some terpenoids regulate the activity of genes in plants and have chromatophores system can absorb radiant energy, to participate in photochemical reactions. Carbon chain individual terpenoids are key intermediates in the biosynthesis pathway of such biologically active substances such as steroid hormones, enzymes, antioxidants, vitamins D, E, K, bile acid.

The terpene compounds isolated from plants, identified a wide range of biological activity, in most cases, they have low toxicity and they tend not Skopelitis action - potential biological impact of their distributed evenly among the various systems and organs.

With terpene compounds bind volatile activity of essential oils of many plants of the natural flora of different regions of the world. Many of these substances have harmful effects on a variety of gram-positive and gram-negative flora, some species of fungi, protozoa, and viruses.

So now, in the face of rising antibiotic resistance of pathogenic agents causing infection and the dominant importance of conditionally pathogenic microflora, the use of natural terpenoids acquires special significance.

Under liquid medium pony is moved any liquid medium: water and aquatic environment for example, fish farming, water or water-alcohol solutions, liquid cosmetics in the form of lotions or creams (emulsions), drinks, etc.

Under oxygen-containing gaseous environment in accordance with the present invention, it should be understood any gaseous medium, e.g. air, industrial supply oxygen, or any gaseous mixture of oxygen, carbon dioxide, and substances in the gaseous state, for example water vapor, which can be used to saturate the liquid medium (see above) with oxygen.

The most intensely rich phytoextractum oxygen-containing gaseous environment can be obtained by placing cut or vegetative plants in a closed chamber and selection of excreta to make of this camera. Can also enhance beneficial effects, including psychological, to fit in the camera and used cut and dried plants, for example flowers.

The selection of excreta may be carried out by pumping oxygen-containing environment through this closed chamber, and pumping existing in the chamber gaseous environment.

For more pure gaseous oxygen-containing environment better before saturation cleaned by passing a stream referred to environment through secondary camera with RA is eniami, absorbing the relevant harmful impurities. For example, for cleaning well make use of the following plants:

from benzene (the source material for many kinds of synthetic resin, carcinogen) - aglaonema, Chlorophytum, chrysanthemums, dracaena, epipremnum, gerbera, sansevieriya, Spathiphyllum;

from trichloroethylene (smelling of chloroform colourless liquid, which is contained in the varnish and glue, a carcinogen) - chamaedorea, chrysanthemums, dracaena, epipremnum, ficus Benjamin, gerbera, ivy, sansevieriya, Spathiphyllum;

from formaldehyde (the source material for synthetic resin adhesive for mounting plates, a carcinogen) - Nephrolepis, Daisy, dracaena, chamaedorea, ficus Benjamin, ivy, Spathiphyllum, shefflera, dieffenbachia;

from xylene and toluene (used in polymer coatings) - dieffenbachia, Nephrolepis, Anthurium, ficus Benjamin;

from ammonia (carcinogenic component of numerous nitrogen-containing industrial chemicals) - Anthurium, chrysanthemum Bush, arrowroot, ficus Benjamin, dracaena, Azalea.

To regulate the composition and quantity of absorbed and emitted by the plant substances can have an additional impact on liquid and gaseous media, and plants. You can influence heat, electromagnetic radiation, light, or sound.

In particular, plants were subjected to the Ute heat, light, sound, or electromagnetic effects or their combinations. In the device, which implements the present invention, there are special devices to control water, gas, food, light regimes, as well as for chemical, sound, light, electromagnetic, and other processing plants.

Fluid also can be subjected to additional exposure to heat, light, sound, or electromagnetic, which also allows you to increase the amount of dissolved plant excreta.

For the same purpose in the process of passing a flow of gaseous environment, you can modify the physical or chemical parameters of the gaseous environment (leveling speed, chemical composition of the medium, for example, the content of oxygen, temperature and humidity).

In some particular embodiments of the invention to enhance the beneficial effects, the treatment is carried out in the presence of oil extracts of plants.

In other embodiments of the invention to better use, and gather nutrients contained in excreta plants, after passing rich phytoextractum gaseous medium through the liquid undertaking the selection of part of the gaseous environment and subsequent condensation and collection of the resulting condensate plant excreta is.

Sometimes it is not convenient to directly use rich phytoextractum gaseous environment. In this case, rich photoexcited gas environment prior to its passing through the liquid accumulates under pressure in storage tanks for later use for the production of, for example, carbonated drinks.

The invention may find a wide application, for example, if the air mixture after chamber saturation to send in the tank in the form swimming pool, Jacuzzi or bath for patients, it is possible to achieve significant health effect if exposed to plant excreta through the skin surface, and then (after the collapse of the bubbles on the liquid surface) and through the respiratory system.

Another aspect of the application of the invention may be aeration of water (natural or artificial process of enrichment of water with oxygen)used for:

- increase the dissolved oxygen concentration;

- removal of water, gases and substances causing odor;

- removal of iron from water;

biological wastewater treatment;

- use in aquariums and for industrial fish breeding.

The drawing shows a device of the General type.

The device for processing liquid is performed as follows.

Vacuum pump-compressor 1 gazoprovodsk pipe is AMI 2 is connected to 3 cameras for a group of plants 4, absorbing from oxygen-containing gaseous environment of hazardous substances, and the chambers 5, filled with plants 6, saturating the air with excreta (terpenoids), and, with the tanks 7 and 8 for saturation phytoextractum liquid medium (water, liquids and other liquid substances) 9, as well as devices 10 and 11 for collecting (condensing) and accumulation of 12 healthy ingredients. When this camera 3, 5 for plants and reservoirs 1, 8 equipped with devices 13 to regulate the temperature, light and other modes, as well as shut-off valves and other valves 14.

First oxygen-containing gaseous medium is fed into the chamber 3 filled with vegetative (native) plants 4, absorbing from the air of harmful substances (benzene, phenols, carbon monoxide etc), then through vozduhoprovodyaschih tube 2 air mixture is fed into the chamber 5 filled with vegetative (intact) or specially prepared (e.g., cut) plants 6, which is saturated with phytoextractum. After that by means of the compressor 1 air mixture is fed into the tanks 7 and 8, where it is infiltrated under different pressure through the water, fluids and/or other substances and, thus, enrich their specified useful phytoextractum, collecting using capacitors (coolers) 10 and accumulate in special containers under pressure is of 11 for later use.

Example 1.

As described, was carried out by passing through a tank of water flow of air passing through the chamber with plants of the Myrtle (Myrtus communis L.).

Processing time from 1 to 6 hours.

While our experiments showed that under the influence of the transmittance through the water with the original oxygen content of 7.1 mg/l of air saturated in the device phytoextractum, it increases the oxygen content (see table 1).

Table 1
Processing time, hThe oxygen content in water with a temperature of 20°C, mg/l
in water treatment, air (control)in water treatment, air, rich excreta Myrtle
17,59,1
28,49,4
68,79,8
Note: the Differences are significant on the 1 St student's criterion (95%level of significance).

The number of volatile terpenoids (essential oils) in the air flow is increased from 1 mg per cubic meter after one hour of pumping air with a flow rate of 0.2 l/sec through the camera with plants in closed loop up to 4 mg/m3C is 6 hours, and their content in water (water temperature +25° (C) through which passed the air, from 0.001 to 0.003 mg/l (when the air temperature is +25°and the amount of water 1 l). When the temperature of the pumped air +35°With the amount of volatile terpenoids in the air increased to 1.5 mg/m3after 1 hour of pumping a flow rate of 0.2 l/sec through the camera with plants in closed loop up to 6 mg/m3for 6 hours, and their content in the water (the water temperature is on average +27° (C) to 0.008 (after 1 hour of pumping) and 0,029 mg/l (after 6 hours of pumping).

Thus, heating of the pumped air and the time of pumping allows to increase as the number of allocated plant terpenoids (essential oils), and the degree of saturation of their water, through which pass the air filled with phytoextractum.

Example 2.

As described was carried out by passing through tanks with different liquids flow of air passing through the chamber with plants of lavender.

Plants were additionally illuminated with light.

Table 2 shows data on the impact of the additional lighting power plants in camera saturation on the oxygen content in water, liquid for rinsing the mouth and in cosmetic cream (original oxygen content in them to 8.7 mg/l to 6.1 mg/l 2.8 mg/l, respectively) as a result of passing air through them with fitext Atami.

Table 2
The transmission of air with photoexcited within 1 hour via:The oxygen content with additional lighting, mg/l
100 W/m2300 W/m2500 W/m2
Water9,911,110,8
Liquid mouth rinse8,49,69,0
Liquid cream7,88,78,4
Note: the Differences are significant on the 1 St student's criterion (95%level of significance).

Thus, using lighting plants in saturating the camera can adjust the oxygen content in the treated water, liquids and other substances.

Example 3.

As described, was carried out by passing through a tank of water flow of air passing through the chamber with plants of lavender.

Table 3 shows data on the impact of the flow of the air stream discharged through the plant lavender in camera saturation on oxygen content and terpenoids in the water with the original concentration of 8.1 mg/l after 1 hour treatment with air phytoextractum.

Table 3
The flow rate of the air flow, l/secThe content in water, mg/l
oxygenterpenoids
0,29,10,002
0,510,50,011
1,012,40,019

Thus, the increase in air flow when pumping through the camera with plants and water tanks significantly increase the oxygen saturation and terpenoids (essential oils).

Additional sonication water phytoextractum (during the transmission of the gas mixture flow rate of 1 l/sec with photoexcited through the water, placed in a laboratory ultrasonic disperser) increases for 1 hour, the oxygen content in the water of 12.4-14.0 mg/l, terpenoids with 0,019 to 0.042 mg/L.

Increasing the amount of oxygen in the water, liquid or other substance makes them not only better for human consumption, but also contributes to a significant increase in the productivity of fish([1]; [2]; [3]; Scepter VP Aeroions and life. Saransk, type. Red October, 1997).

Example 4.

Investigated the influence of time of transmission of the rich air phytoextractum, through the water on a population of Escherichia coli Collie. This air on the OK was passed through the camera with a variety of plants. The data are given in table 4.

Table 4
Species in camera saturationCollie index
The initial number of E. coliafter 1 hour2 hoursafter 6 hours
Myrtle (Myrtus communis L.)65403429
Garlic (Allium sativum L.)6528112
Garlic (Allium sativum L.) immediately after grinding6517118
Note: the Differences are significant on the 1 St student's criterion (95%level of significance).

Thus, volatile, as contained in photoexcited significantly reduce the number of pathogens and improve water quality.

In the works (grodzynskyi A.M. Phytodesign and volatile. - Kiev: Naukova Dumka. 1973; grodzynskyi A.M. Experimental allelopathy. - Naukova Dumka. 1987; Sun Min Kim, Kikue Kubota, and Akio Kobayashi. Antioxidative activity of Sulfur-containing Flavor Compaunds in Garlic. Biosci. Biotech. Biochem., 61 (9), 1482-1485, 1997) have shown effective action of a volatile harmful insects, etc.

Example 5.

Table 5 shows the data pavliani temperature of the gas mixture in fotocamera and depth of its subsequent cooling on the number of collected condensate photoexcited.

Table 5
Species in camera saturationThe number of collected condensate (net of liquid condensed from the gas mixture without photoexcited control) in terms of 1 DM2leaf surface, g/h
T gas mixture
25°V.H.*40°V.H.*25°sh*40°sh*
Myrtle (Myrtus communis L.)1,1a 4.94,49,2
Garlic (Allium sativum L.)1,65,35,212,9
Lavender1,97,66,815,1
*V.H. - condensation was performed using cooling the gas mixture with photoexcited in water refrigerator with running water temperature of 17°;

sh - condensation was performed using chilled ethanol temperature -15°With (gas mixture with phytoextractum is passed through the coil, washed with running water or immersed in 96%ethanol, bathed in the freezer).
Note: Differences su is the natural enemy on the 1st student test (95%significance level).

The table shows that the amount of condensation of photoexcited increases with increasing temperature gas environment in fotocamera and lowering the temperature of the cooling chambers condensation.

Example 6.

Table 6 shows data on the influence of temperature and light lavender plants on the number and type of allocated photoexcited. 1 method was determined amount of condensate in the collecting vessel after cooling the gas mixture temperature +40°With photoexcited after camera alcohol cooling. On the second way on the way to fotocamera gas mixture using a special filter with absorbents (dried calcium chloride and activated carbon) were purified from water vapor and other substances.

A similar filter was installed at the exit of fotocamera. He was weighed before and 1 hour after transmission through a gas mixture with phytoextractum. The mass difference was judged on the total number of photoexcited. The amount of essential oils and other organic substances was determined with the use of organic solvents and gas chromatography.

Table 6
The method for determining the number and type of photoexcitedThe lighting in fotocamere 300 W/m2 Without lighting
The number of photoexcited, g/DMEssential oil, %The number of photoexcited, g/DMEssential oil, %
1. Condenser. with ohlord. -15°With alcohol15,20,7818,71,58
2. Weigh-in & m. filter with absorbents17,10,9519,62,4

Thus, by changing the lighting in fotocamere you can adjust the amount collected as a result of absorption or condensation of water, essential oils and other organic compounds.

Example 7.

Table 7 provides data on the influence of biologically active substances of tomatozide (Eiesland, Aguacate and other Method pre-treatment of sugar beet seeds. Copyright St-in the USSR №993845, 1980), dissolved in irrigation water, the amount of oxygen and terpenoids, dissolved in water with an initial oxygen concentration of 7.9 mg/l at the time of passing through it photoexcited lavender. The experiment was conducted one day after moistening the soil in the pot, where grew lavender, the specified solution tomatozide.

Table 7
OptionContent in the water, the g/l
oxygenterpenoids
Control (irrigation water)9,40,019
Watering 0,001% tomatozide14,10,024
Control without irrigation8,50,017

Thus, treatment of plants with biologically active substances can adjust the allocation process photoexcited.

When using gaseous discharge alive (vegetative) or crushed plant for water treatment (drinking water, for baths, basins), alcoholic and non-alcoholic beverages, food additives, dosage forms, liquids (perfumes, lotions, Polosatiy), other substances (creams, muds), etc. can be achieved the effect of increasing the content of oxygen, volatile, natural aromatic components with beneficial negative ions, pure transpiration (selected plants) water, biologically active pheromones, etc.

Table 8 presents data on the content of oxygen and terpenoids in water at the time of passing through the air with photoexcited lavender plants previously subjected to 5-minute microwave processing.

Table 8
Power is here microwave treatment, WContent, mg/l
oxygenterpenoids
09,10,020
1009,10,031
1808,50,038

Thus, the electromagnetic treatment plants can regulate the process allocated their photoexcited.

Table 9 shows data on the content of oxygen and terpenoids in the water when its 60-second microwave processing every 10 minutes during the 60-minute pass through it air mixture with photoexcited plant lavender.

Table 9
Power microwave processing, WContent, mg/l
oxygenterpenoids
09,10,020
1009,00,026
1808,80,020

Thus, the electromagnetic treatment liquid environment electromagnetic field during the passage through it of air mixed with photoexcited plants can regulate the amount of photoexcited adsorbed in this liquid medium.

In table 10 Pref is found the data on the obsession of oxygen and terpenoids in water and orange juice at different temperatures and PH after passing through them photoexcited lavender.

Table 10
pH

liquids
Content, mg/l
oxygenterpenoids
in the waterin orange juicein the waterin orange juice
18°18°10°18°18°10°
7,09,10,020
6,09,00,026
4,015,718,30,0280,041
3,014,316,10,0330,047

Thus, regulation of the PH of a liquid medium, its temperature and composition capable of regulating the number of photoexcited, this adsorbed liquid medium by passing the gas mixture through it with photoexcited plants.

1. The method of processing a liquid medium comprising passing through her stream of oxygen-containing gaseous environment, characterized in that the gaseous medium is pre-saturated with photoexcited plants by passing a stream referred to the environment through the camera with processed vegetative or cut plants that produce photoexcited.

2. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that before saturation phytoextractum plants gaseous environment is cleaned from impurities by passing the thread mentioned environment through secondary camera with plants absorbing the relevant harmful impurities.

3. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the processing plant is carried out by heat or light, or electromagnetic effects.

4. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the liquid medium is subjected to thermal or electromagnetic effects.

5. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that in the process of passing a flow of gaseous medium change of physical or chemical parameters of the gaseous environment.

6. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that after passing rich phytoextractum gaseous medium through the liquid undertaking the selection of part of the gaseous environment and subsequent condensation and collection of the resulting condensate plant excreta.

7. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the saturated gaseous fluid before passing through the liquid accumulates under pressure in a storage the nutrient vessels to obtain, for example, carbonated drinks.

8. The device for processing liquid medium containing the means of discharge of gaseous medium from the inlet and the intake pipe, at least one reservoir for a liquid medium, at least one camera with plants that produce photoexcited, forcing the pipe mentioned means is connected with a reservoir for liquid and suction pipe with camera with plants that produce photoexcited, when this camera for plants and reservoirs for liquid environment equipped with devices to regulate, at least, temperature or light conditions, and for at least one treatment plants: thermal or light, or electromagnetic.

9. The device according to claim 8, characterized in that provided at least one camera with plants absorbing impurities, connected to the camera with plants that produce photoexcited.

10. The device according to claim 9, characterized in that further comprises a device for condensation of excreta, installed at the outlet of the reservoir with liquid medium.

11. The device according to claim 9, characterized in that the chambers are made in the form of a toroid.

12. The device according to claim 9, characterized in that the tank is made in the form of a bath or pool.



 

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6 dwg

FIELD: chemical industry; mechanical engineering; production of the installation for preparation of the drinking and technical water.

SUBSTANCE: the invention is pertaining to the non-chemical water-treatment installation for the drinking and technical water supply. The installation contains the hydrocyclone (1), the clarifying screen (2), the pump (3), the hydrodynamic rotor-type impulse generator (4) with the electrical drive (5), the cavitational reactor-cyclone (6), two ejectors (7), the breakthrough screen (8). The hydrodynamic impulse generator (4) contains the horizontally arranged cylindrical hollow body, which one has the diametrically arranged two holes with the accelerating injectors inserted into them. The cylindrical body also contains the cylindrical hollow rotor with two diametrically arranged similar holes. At that the holes of the accelerating injectors and the holes of the rotor are arranged on one diametrical axis. At the water entering the accelerating injectors under the average pressure of 0/15 MPa the pressure of the counter impulse sprays reaches the value of 3.2 MPa, that promotes elimination of the spores of the funguses and bacteria. After passing through the hydrodynamic impulse generator the treated water comes into the ejectors (7), where it is intensively admixed with oxygen of the air or ozone, is oxidized and fed through the tangential fitting pipes into the cavitational reactor-cyclone (6). The cavitational reactor-cyclone (6) contains the vertically arranged cylindrical hollow body, inside which on one axis there are the accelerating cone and the aligned with it the accelerating cylinder. The subjected to purification water rotating around the accelerating cylinder is coming upward into the purified water withdrawal header, further - into the pure water reservoir and to the customers. The solid particles are thrown from the center to the periphery of the cavitational reactor-cyclone body and through the discharge pipe is removed into the sewerage system. The technical result of the invention is the improved quality of the drinking water and the improved efficiency at its treatment.

EFFECT: the invention ensures the improved quality of the drinking water and the improved efficiency of the water treatment.

6 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: chemical industry; mechanical engineering; production of the installation for preparation of the drinking and technical water.

SUBSTANCE: the invention is pertaining to the non-chemical water-treatment installation for the drinking and technical water supply. The installation contains the hydrocyclone (1), the clarifying screen (2), the pump (3), the hydrodynamic rotor-type impulse generator (4) with the electrical drive (5), the cavitational reactor-cyclone (6), two ejectors (7), the breakthrough screen (8). The hydrodynamic impulse generator (4) contains the horizontally arranged cylindrical hollow body, which one has the diametrically arranged two holes with the accelerating injectors inserted into them. The cylindrical body also contains the cylindrical hollow rotor with two diametrically arranged similar holes. At that the holes of the accelerating injectors and the holes of the rotor are arranged on one diametrical axis. At the water entering the accelerating injectors under the average pressure of 0/15 MPa the pressure of the counter impulse sprays reaches the value of 3.2 MPa, that promotes elimination of the spores of the funguses and bacteria. After passing through the hydrodynamic impulse generator the treated water comes into the ejectors (7), where it is intensively admixed with oxygen of the air or ozone, is oxidized and fed through the tangential fitting pipes into the cavitational reactor-cyclone (6). The cavitational reactor-cyclone (6) contains the vertically arranged cylindrical hollow body, inside which on one axis there are the accelerating cone and the aligned with it the accelerating cylinder. The subjected to purification water rotating around the accelerating cylinder is coming upward into the purified water withdrawal header, further - into the pure water reservoir and to the customers. The solid particles are thrown from the center to the periphery of the cavitational reactor-cyclone body and through the discharge pipe is removed into the sewerage system. The technical result of the invention is the improved quality of the drinking water and the improved efficiency at its treatment.

EFFECT: the invention ensures the improved quality of the drinking water and the improved efficiency of the water treatment.

6 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: treatment of domestic and industrial sewage water for aerobic biological purification process for removal of organic and mineral contaminants, may be utilized in large-scale and average-scale purification stations.

SUBSTANCE: method involves providing processes of sieving, flotation, averaging consumption and contaminant concentration before feeding of sewage water for aerobic biological purification process, with basic sewage water being preliminarily subjected to flotation separation process; directing clarified sewage water into consumption and contaminant concentration averaging device; directing flotation concentrate into anaerobic reactor for fermentation at acid fermentation stage; separating fermented flotation concentrate into liquid and solid phases using screw-type thickeners and strainers; accumulating liquid phase in specialized accumulators for mixing with sewage water fed from consumption and contamination concentration averaging device for aerobic biological purification process; discharging solid phase in container for further disposal onto landfill for solid domestic wastes.

EFFECT: simplified sewage water purification process, reduced capital and operating expenses, and decreased consumption of power.

4 cl, 1 dwg, 2 ex

FIELD: process for treatment of water by freezing and defrosting, used in food-processing, pharmaceutical, chemical industry, heat power engineering, and other branches of industry.

SUBSTANCE: method involves providing complete freezing of water followed by defrosting of ice and retention of thaw water; after termination of retention process, treating running thaw water in alternating power field for destructing sediment particles formed during treatment; destructing sediment flakes by directing thaw water between disks rotating in opposite directions at rotational velocity of 500-1,000 rad/s.

EFFECT: improved quality of treated water and increased efficiency of method.

1 tbl, 1 ex

FIELD: cleaning water.

SUBSTANCE: device comprises a set of pressure super-velocity filter arranged symmetrically, pipeline with valve gate for supplying the initial water axially aligned along the vertical of the pressure cylindrical chamber for distributing initial water among the filters, pressure cylindrical chamber for distributing the initial water over the hydrocyclones, pressure cylindrical chamber for collecting the cleaned water, pressure cylindrical chamber provided with horizontal baffle that separates the chamber into the bottom section for collecting contaminated washing water and top section for collecting slime water from the bottom drain branch pipes of the hydrocyclones. The bottom section is provided with the pipeline with valve gate for discharging the contaminated washing water, and the top section is provided with a special pipeline with valve gate and controllable hydraulic gate for control of the pressure in the top section and discharging the slime water. The branch pipe of the pipeline with the valve gate is connected with the horizontal baffle. The pipeline with the valve gate and controllable hydraulic gate allows the slime concentration to be constant when the admixture concentration in the initial water varies. The device is provided a set of hydrocyclones interposed between the pressure cylindrical chambers. The set of the hydrocyclones is made of axisymmetric pressure hydrocyclones and pressure cylindrical chamber for distributing initial water among the hydrocyclone, tangential outlet branch pipes for supplying initial water to hydrocyclones, top drain branch pipes of hydrocyclones connected from bellow with the bottom of the cylindrical chamber for distributing the initial water over the filters. The pressure cylindrical chamber for distributing initial water over filters is connected with the pipeline for supplying initial water to the device through the pipeline provided with the valve gate.

EFFECT: enhanced efficiency and reduced sizes.

1 cl

FIELD: environmental protection; methods of purification of the industrial waste waters containing the concentrated solutions with ions of the heavy metals and manganese.

SUBSTANCE: the invention is pertaining to purification of the industrial waste waters containing the concentrated solutions with ions of the heavy metals and manganese. The method provides for transformation of ions of the heavy metals and manganese into the low-soluble compounds by neutralization of the waste waters using the water solution of the alkaline reactant, settling of these compounds by means of addition of the water solutions of aluminum sulfate - as the coagulant and polyacrilamide - as the flocculant into the neutralized waste waters, settling-out of the neutralized waste waters, filtration of the settlings by means of the filtration material and the subsequent drain in the acidic-alkaline drainage of the purified waste waters with the contents of the ions of the heavy metals and manganese not exceeding the maximum permissible concentrations. In the beginning of the purification cycle conduct activation of the gathered spent waste waters by addition of the water solution of the universal flushing technical mean. The waste waters neutralization is conducted by means of the concentrated 46 % water solutions of alkali up to production of the alkalescent medium in the waste waters containing the ions of the heavy metals, or the alkaline medium in the waste waters containing the ions of manganese. Then introduce the concentrated water solutions of the coagulant (140 g/dm3) and the flocculant (2 g/dm3) in quantity of 100 ml per 100 l into the neutralized waste waters with ions of the heavy metals or in the ratio of 1:60 to the volume into the neutralized waste waters with ions of manganese. As the filtration material apply the chemisorption fiber on the basis of polyacrylonitrile fibers. The given method allows to conduct purification of the concentrated waste waters with the high efficiency and to produce the concentrated slimes as the additional reutilizable products.

EFFECT: the invention allows to conduct purification of the concentrated waste waters with the high efficiency and to produce the concentrated slimes as the additional reutilizable products.

1 ex

FIELD: agricultural engineering and community facilities.

SUBSTANCE: apparatus has reservoir 1, basic sewage water feeding system 2 and purified sewage water discharge system 3. Reservoir 1 is partly open and comprises closed receptacle chamber, methane tank chamber, clarification chamber 6, and biofilter chamber 7, said chambers being hydraulically communicated with one another. Biofilter chamber 7 has at least two sections hydraulically communicated with one another. Longitudinal separating partition 10 positioned between sections is equipped with drainage strip 11 provided in its upper part. Biofilter chamber 7 is equipped with throat communicating with atmosphere. Biofilter is positioned within both sections of chamber 7. One of sections of biofilter is used as inlet and is hydraulically communicating with methane tank chamber. Other section 33 of biofilter is used as outlet and is hydraulically communicating with clarification chamber 6.

EFFECT: compact construction, simplified manufacture and maintenance of single unit apparatus for purification of sewage water and bringing sewage purification quality to required level envisaged by sanitary regulations and norms of protecting surface water from contamination.

9 cl, 6 dwg

Aerator // 2299180

FIELD: saturation of liquid with gas in chemical and mass exchange processes; biological cleaning of water.

SUBSTANCE: proposed aerator has drive with shaft, dispersion mechanism with ring (12) and impeller (14) mounted in its housing and water and air supply units. Impeller (14) is made in form of tunnel-like guides (16) provided with blades (17) at their ends and secured on base; blades are used for bringing the atmospheric air in contact with water. Ring (12) has through hole (13). When tunnel-like guides (16) having blades (17) coincide with inlet sections (18) of tunnel passages (19) in the course of rotation, water-and-air mixture is ejected through ports (5).

EFFECT: simplified construction of aerator; increased intensity of aeration of working medium.

3 dwg

FIELD: medicine; medical engineering.

SUBSTANCE: method involves setting syringe body in horizontal position with additional end piece turned upward. Sealing caps are taken off from the principal and additional end pieces. Space is opened between syringe body and sealing member on the piston. The piston is moved into utmost position near tip for introducing gas. Additional rod is returned to initial position and syringe body is set in vertical position with the end piece turned down. Dosed volume of liquid drug is taken to graduation line. The principal and additional end pieces are tightly closed with cap. The syringe body is set in vertical position with the end piece turned down before usage. Space is opened between syringe body and sealing member on the piston by rotating the additional rod. The piston is displaced to dosed mark taking into account the line connecting the principal and additional graduation line. The additional rod is returned to the initial position. The liquid drug is mixed w the gas substance during 15 min. Then, sealing cap is taken off from the end piece. Needle is put on. Gas substance not mixed with the liquid drug is removed by displacing piston to dosed mark along liquid drug graduation mark.

EFFECT: reduced risk of traumatic complications.

3 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: gas-and-liquid mixers; preparation of finely-dispersed gas-and-liquid mixtures.

SUBSTANCE: proposed mixer has liquid and mixing chambers connected in succession. Mixer is also provided with counter-flow mixing chamber. Mixing chamber is made in form of module consisting of N mixing chambers. Outlet of counter-flow mixing chamber is connected with inlet of liquid chamber whose outlet is connected to inlet of counter-flow mixing chamber.

EFFECT: increased productivity; enhanced efficiency.

5 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: treatment of water and sewage of different nature in food-processing industry, agricultural engineering and other branches of industry.

SUBSTANCE: apparatus 10 has funnel 11 located in upper part of tank 1, pipe 12 connected with funnel 11, main screw 13 located within pipe 12, means 14, 15 for rotational driving of screw 13, means 17, 18 for introducing of air under atmospheric pressure into liquid 3 only after liquid is urged to move within apparatus 10. Air introduction means 17, 18 create liquid cascade on upper edge of funnel.

EFFECT: increased efficiency by intensified aeration of liquid within tank.

19 cl, 14 dwg

Aerator // 2292233

FIELD: technique for forced feeding and dispersion of air or oxygen in apparatuses adapted for various processes performed in, for example, reactors for bacterial oxidation of ores or concentrates or sorption units.

SUBSTANCE: aerator is made in the form of air feeding pipe with elastic dispersers formed as rubber nozzles with flat shanks. Internal slot-shaped aperture is formed in each of nozzle shanks, with length, width and thickness ratio of said aperture making 70:15:1. Internal slot-shaped aperture is connected to air feeding pipe which may be circular or may be made in the form of isosceles polygon. Dispersers are connected to air feeding pipe through connection pipes made from rubber and positioned so as to provide for vibratory movement of shanks.

EFFECT: increased aerating efficiency.

2 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: methods of cleaning aircraft fuel tanks and fuel lines; servicing light, medium and heavy aircraft.

SUBSTANCE: proposed method may be used for cleaning aircraft fuel tanks and fuel lines equipped with drain valves, tank venting and pressurization systems, refueling system before conducting acceptance flight tests. Method is used for cleaning the fuel tanks equipped with drain valves, venting system and pressurization system, refueling system. Proposed method consists in introducing nitrogen into fuel, delivery of nitrided fuel to fuel tanks, circulation of this fuel through tanks and draining it from tanks. Nitrided fuel is supplied to tanks through drain valves of tanks; after expansion of nitrided fuel in tanks due to pseudo-boiling, fuel is drained through aircraft refueling system; ratio of sectional areas of drain and delivery mains is maintained equal to or exceeding degree of expansion of nitrided fuel in tanks. Complex proposed for realization of this method includes fuel truck, nitrogen storage and supply unit, fuel and nitrogen dispensing unit mounted on mobile trolley and fuel drain and filtration unit which are connected with system to be washed by means of flexible hoses. Proposed complex is also provided with fuel and nitrogen dispensing manifold connected with fuel and nitrogen dispensing unit and additional fuel truck; dispensing manifold is fitted with cocks which are connected with outlet branch pipes of aircraft by means of flexible hoses; additional fuel truck is connected with aircraft refueling system by means of flexible hose for drainage, filtration and check of washing. Gas saturation apparatus for washing the aircraft fuel system has cylindrical hollow housing with filtering cartridge inside it; on one side this housing is provided with contraction with spiral volute having axial and spiral inlets for connection with compressed nitrogen and fuel supply lines; on other side, housing is provided with diffuser forming outlet for connection with nitrided fuel supply line. Filtering cartridge is made in form of thick-walled porous hollow cylinder made from sintered titanium or corundum powder; it has blind end face and open end is mounted in axial inlet of spiral volute; inner surface of cylindrical hollow housing is provided with regular vortex-forming projections formed by intersection of two helical grooves at equal pitches of rectangular section and opposite direction of rotation.

EFFECT: increased productivity of process; enhanced ecological safety; reduce danger of fire; reduced toxic emissions of expansion products of nitrided fuel.

8 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: oil-processing industry; chemical industry; production of the spiral heads for the heat-mass exchanging and simultaneous with them reaction processes.

SUBSTANCE: the invention is mainly pertaining to the oil-processing industry and chemical industry. The spiral head made in the form of the sequential rows of the spirals is installed in the packet in parallel to each other and to the flow in compliance of the dense location scheme. The adjacent and sequential spirals may be of the similar or counter rotation type. The sequential spirals are not necessary coaxial. Such location allows to form the oncoming or following movement of flows between the parallel spirals, that increases the turbulization and promotes stabilization of distribution of the dispersion particles according to their section and also to optimize selection of the design of the packet for the particular conditions of the process. The invention provides for manufacture of the layers of the spiral head by the strain of sheets, that makes it possible to organize its mass production in the wide range. Uniqueness of the spiral head ensures the effective interaction of the phases in their three possible relative movements: the direct-flow, the counter flow and the pseudo-liquefied flow.

EFFECT: the invention ensures manufacture of the layers of the spiral head by the strain of sheets, that that makes it possible to organize its mass production in the wide range and the effective interaction of the phases in their relative movements - the direct-flow, the counter flow and the pseudo-liquefied flow.

11 cl, 22 dwg

FIELD: engineering of foam transformation devices, possible usage for producing foam jackets of various types.

SUBSTANCE: foam generator contains foam generation device and outlet device, made in form of unified extension porous nozzle, connected to device for mixing foam-forming receipt and gas. Method includes mixing foam-forming receipt and gas until emulsion is produced, feeding emulsion to porous nozzle, forcing emulsion through pores of nozzle, forming of emulsion film on the surface of nozzle and affecting of film by gas with forming of foam layer, which is applied to the surface.

EFFECT: increased lifetime of foam jacket, provision of local application of cover.

2 cl, 4 dwg

Chlorinator // 2283287

FIELD: water disinfection; devices for water disinfection.

SUBSTANCE: the invention is pertaining to the field of water disinfection and may be applied for batching of the gaseous chlorine into the treated water. The chlorinator contains: the filter; the regulating and locking valves; the rotameter; the ejector, the line used for feeding of the non-chlorinated water and withdrawal of the chlorinated water, the upper and the lower chlorine duct and the chlorine outlet tube connected with the ejector. The chlorinator is supplied with the retarder, which is mounted between the upper chlorine duct and the outlet tube and made out of the strong non-brittle material. In the lower part of the retarder there is the butt cork with the lateral holes. The invention increases reliability and service life of the chlorinator.

EFFECT: the invention ensures the increased reliability and service life of the chlorinator.

1 dwg

FIELD: water treatment.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to liquids aeration technology and can find use in waste water oxygen saturation processes at biological treatment plants or for oxygen saturation of oxygen-depleted waters. Tubular aeration element according to invention contains framework and dispersing layer. All of the element is formed by thermoplastic polymer fibers melted with each other in contact sites owing to heat accumulated in the fibers. Framework is an inner layer 4 mm thick made from fiber 400-500 μm in diameter laid at density 0.38-0.42 g/cm3. Outer dispersing layer is made from fibers having diameter not larger than 50 μm and laid at density 0.54-0.57 g/cm3. Thickness of aeration element can be constant, maximal along its length, and can be diminished owing to outer dispersing layer by 0.5 mm on 1 m length but no more than by 40% of maximum thickness of this layer. In all cases, thickness of dispersing layer cannot be less than 4 mm.

EFFECT: enabled creation of structurally simple aeration elements to achieve uniform exit of air bubbles throughout length of the string of aeration elements and simplified aeration element manufacture process.

FIELD: pharmaceutical industry, in particular hematopoietic agent useful in treatment of iron-deficient anaemia.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to application of extract from overground part of Pulmonaria mollissima with 10-30 % ethanol.

EFFECT: non-toxic agent with high hematopoietic action.

2 tbl, 2 dwg

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