Multi-level automated system of management of industrial-technological processes with control of inputs at the places of their origin for technological objects of gas and oil industry

FIELD: the invention refers to automated control systems.

SUBSTANCE: it may be used for management of industrial-technological processes of an enterprise of gas and oil industry with controlling inputs at the place of their origin. The invention allows to control the industrial-technological process at each management level together with industrial-technological indexes and control the values of evaluations of indexes of effectiveness which so, as the industrial-technological indexes are compared with permissible borders.

EFFECT: increases effectiveness of management due to operative local response at effectiveness reduction on a part of the industrial-technological process of the enterprise.

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The invention relates to automated control systems and can be used to control the production and technological processes gas or oil industry management costs at the place of their origin.

Known multi-level automated control system of production and technological processes, implemented in JSC "Gazprom" in the form of a Sectoral system of operational dispatch management of the unified gas supply system of Russia, described in the book Radkevich VV control objects of the gas industry, M: Silver, 2004. p.101-130, 159-199, 258-264.

The system allows you to:

to allocate production and technological tasks of control levels by forming a production or process tasks at a certain level of control and they are transferred to lower levels of management to control production and technological processes at a certain level of control by obtaining data from lower levels of management, their mathematical processing and display,

to inform about the progress of production and technological processes higher level of control, by averaging and mathematical processing of data from the lower levels and data with the results of the AMI processing at a higher level,

to manage the production and technological processes, by generating a control command from the higher level management to lower level management.

During a normal mode of operation is controlled by the presence of technological indicators within acceptable values, ensuring the implementation of production-technological tasks, and in case of any performance beyond acceptable limits, run the appropriate control action.

Controlled parameters can be process parameters such as gas pressure in certain areas of the main pipeline, production and technological parameters, such as average balance of gas through the gas pumping plant, the parameters associated with the current estimation of production efficiency, for example, the average polytropic efficiency working gas pumping units, consumption indicators, such as consumption of fuel or process gas.

When management is able to improve some of the indicators, thereby to improve the efficiency of controlled processing facility and the system as a whole. For example, it is known technical solution according to the patent of Russian Federation №2181854, CL F04D 27/02, F01 7/24, publ. 27.04.2002, in which minimise the planned value of the flow rate of the fuel gas with the joint work of several gas-pumping units.

The technical solutions are not able to implement the function management costs, as well as among the processed data systems there are no parameters with cost information. Even having the information about the costs, such as electricity or fuel gas, there is no way to directly associate it with the corresponding value of the cost. For such a necessary factor, is proportional to the value of the required resource for the process object. For example, at compressor stations, located near the gas fields, the cost of fuel gas will be many times cheaper than in the middle zone, and electricity, fuels and lubricants, spare parts and transportation costs (and hence the cost of repair and maintenance) significantly more expensive. Compressor station, which includes the power plant's own needs, electricity is significantly cheaper than for the compressor station, receiving power from a single power supply system of Russia.

Known automated system of management of industrial and economic activities of the enterprise and its objects, implemented, for example, in a multi-user network complex full automation "Galaxy", functioning in the "Mostransgaz" and known for his book Smirnova G.N., Sorokin A.A., Those who inow Upperechelon economic information systems. M.: Finance and statistics, 2002, p.14-21. Also known management system of production and economic activity in the RF patent №2216039, CL G06F 17/60, publ. 2003.11.10.

In accordance with these technical solutions for enterprise management solves the problem of efficient planning of the current activity of the enterprise. When the optimization criterion is to increase profits for the future or currently due to the efficient formation of the threads, as production and Finance. Costs in these systems are determined on the basis of integrated technological and production indicators and calculated in the system, the cost parameters of resources consumed.

These technical solutions are also unable to realize the function of managing costs in the center, as described in the systems management costs are integral technological and production performance, and the optimal strategy of cost is based on the analysis of business processes. In reaction to inefficient expenses incurred distant cycle planning or analysis of a business process. Cost management, as implemented in automatic control systems of production and economic activities away from direct production and the technology is ski processes, in these systems provide a mechanism or tool direct influence on the production process, where costs directly generated.

The drawbacks are eliminated in the proposed multi-level automated control system of production and technological processes of the enterprise cost management at the place of their occurrence for the oil and gas industry.

The applicant is not found technical solutions to implement the function of controlling costs in the center, so the prototype was not detected.

The problem solved by the invention is the creation of multi - level automated control systems of technological processes control costs at the place of their occurrence, in order to enhance the management due to rapid local response to a decrease in the efficiency of the production process of the enterprise.

This result is achieved by the fact that multi-level automated control system of production and technological processes of the enterprise cost management at the place of their occurrence for the oil and gas industry interacts with upper level management, funkcioniruet the hierarchical dispatcher or operator management levels: the level of management of the production processes of the enterprise; level control of production and technological processes of the company; the level of control of technological processes of production facilities, and interacts with automatic control systems that are on the level of control of technological processes of production facilities and lower levels of management, it is associated with external systems: automated design and control of routine production tasks of the enterprise, in the upper level of management, automated control system of economic production and financial-economic activities, systems of automatic control of technological systems, located on the lower levels of governance, systems of automatic control of technological objects at the level of management of technological processes of production facilities, while at the level of management of the production processes of the enterprise are: automated control system for production processes; a system to assess effectiveness of the production processes of the company; control panel of the control of production processes of the enterprise; management of production and technological processes before the lake are: automated control system of production and technological processes of the enterprise in real time; a system to assess effectiveness of the production and technological processes of the company; control remote control of manufacturing processes of the enterprise; at the level of process control objects are: automated control systems of technological processes of interest; the current system of evaluating the effectiveness of a course of technological processes in the technological object; dispatcher or operator control panels process control objects, an automated system of management of production processes, automated control system of production and technological processes of the enterprise in real-time and automated control systems of technological processes of interest consist of: subsystems of collection, storage and primary processing production or process information, process control applications preparation of reports for top-level and subsystem I / o; and a system to assess effectiveness of the production processes of the enterprise, a system to assess effectiveness of the production and technological processes and systems ongoing assessment of the effectiveness of a course of technological processes in the technological object is ostat from: subsystems of computing generalized production or process, specific, expense, cost and resource indicators reduce the dimension of current information and production or technology specific, expense, cost and resource indicators, calculation of the integrated performance assessment of current performance, analysis of statistical and temporal characteristics of the indicators of the effectiveness of the processes and identify sources and causes of loss of efficiency and subsystems interaction; in addition, there are bilateral data transmission channels between: an automated system for the development and control of routine production jobs, enterprise and operational console control of the production processes of the enterprise; an automated system development and control of scheduled production jobs enterprise and subsystem I / o automated control system production processes; automated system development and control of scheduled production jobs enterprise and subsystem interaction system current estimate effectiveness of the production processes of the enterprise; an automated control system of production-economic and financial-economic activities and subsystem interaction system current valuation effect and the particular course of the production processes of the enterprise; control remote control of the production processes of the enterprise and subsystem I / o automated system of control of production processes; subsystem I / o automated system of control of production processes and subsystem I / o system current assessment of the effectiveness of the production processes of the enterprise; the subsystem interaction system current estimate effectiveness of the production processes of the enterprise and subsystem interaction system current estimation of the progress of production and technological processes of the enterprise; subsystem I / o system current assessment of the effectiveness of the production processes and control remote monitoring of manufacturing processes of the enterprise; subsystem I / o system current assessment of the effectiveness of the production processes of the enterprise and automatic control systems of technological objects, subsystem I / o system current assessment of the effectiveness of the production processes of the enterprise and subsystems I / o automated control systems of technological processes; subsystem interaction system current estimation is ode of production and technological processes of the enterprise and subsystems interacting systems current estimation of the progress of technological processes in the technological object; subsystems I / o automated control systems of technological processes and the dispatcher or operator control panels process control objects, subsystems, I / o automated control systems of technological processes and systems of automatic control of technological systems; in addition, there are one-way channels of data from subsystem I / o automated system of control of production processes to the communication subsystem of the system of the current assessment of effectiveness of the production processes of the enterprise; a communication subsystem system current estimate effectiveness of the production processes of the enterprise to control control the production processes of the enterprise; from subsystem I / o system current assessment of the effectiveness of the production processes enterprise to the communication subsystem system current estimation of the progress of production and technological processes of the enterprise; from automated control systems-economic and financial-economic activity until the communication subsystem of the system of the current assessment of effectiveness of the production process p is of acesso of the enterprise; from the communication subsystem system current estimation of the progress of production and technological processes of the enterprise to control control of manufacturing processes of the enterprise; from subsystem I / o automated control systems of technological processes to subsystems interacting systems current estimation of the progress of technological processes in the technological object; from subsystems interacting systems current estimation of the progress of technological processes in the technological object to the dispatcher or operator panels process control objects; from the automated control system of economic production and financial-economic activities to subsystems interacting systems current estimation of the progress of technological processes in the technological object, in addition, remote control control the production processes of the enterprise, control the remote control of manufacturing processes of the enterprise and the dispatcher or operator control panels process control objects associated two-way service and/or telephone dispatch communication channels.

The essence of the invention lies in the fact that, in the management ol the duction of technological processes at each level of management along with industrial-process control indicators and values assessments, performance indicators, which, as well as production and technological indicators, too, are compared with the allowable limits. Values estimated performance indicators is calculated as the sum of the cost consumed in production processes resources. Each cost is calculated as the product of the expenditure on a particular item and factor proportional to the value of this resource for the given object. When the value output evaluation indicator of the effectiveness of bounds are controlling actions with the aim to return the index in the range of allowable values. When this detects and displays the sources and causes of loss of efficiency at each level of management.

Multi-level automated control system of production and technological processes of the enterprise cost management at the place of their occurrence for the oil and gas industry is shown in the drawing. The system interacts with the upper management level 1, operates on a hierarchical dispatcher or operator management levels: management level 2 processes of the enterprise; management level 3 production and technological processes of the enterprise; management level 4 of technological processes of production facilities, and entries batch is et with automatic control systems, located on level 4 of technological processes of production facilities and lower levels of management 5.

It is associated with external systems:

automated system 6 design and control of routine production tasks of the enterprise is situated on the top management level 1, for routine industrial and technological tasks and reporting on their implementation,

automated system 7 management of production and economic and financial-economic activities, to obtain data on the economic parameters and data about the current economic estimates.

systems 8 automatic control of technological systems, located on the lower level 5 management for transfer of control actions and receive data about their performance, the process and the state process plants,

systems 9 automatic control of technological objects at the level of management of technological processes of production facilities, for transmission of control actions and receive data about their performance, the process and the state of technological objects.

On the management level 2 production processes are:avtomatizirovannaya system 10 management of the production processes of the enterprise; system 11 current evaluation of effectiveness of the production processes of the enterprise;

control unit 12 of the control of the production processes of the enterprise.

At the level of management 3 production and technological processes of the enterprise are: automated system 13 control of production and technological processes of the enterprise in real-time;

14 the current assessment of the effectiveness of the manufacturing processes of the enterprise;

control unit 15 controls the production and technological processes of the enterprise.

On the management level 4 technological processes of interest are: automated system 16 process control objects; system 17 current estimation of the progress of technological processes in the technological object;

dispatcher or operator panels 18 process control objects.

The automated system 10 control production processes, automated system 13 control of production and technological processes of the enterprise in real-time and automated system 16 process control objects consist of: subsystems of collection, storage and primary processing production or technology is practical information the development of control actions, the preparation of reports for the top level, respectively, 19, 20, 21;

subsystems I / o, respectively 22, 23, 24.

System 11 current evaluation of effectiveness of the production processes of the enterprise system 14 current estimation of the progress of the production and technological processes and systems 17 the current assessment of the effectiveness of the technological processes in the technological object consist of subsystems:

subsystems of computing generalized production or process specific, expense, cost and resource indicators reduce the dimension of current information and production or technology specific, expense, cost and resource indicators, calculation of the integrated performance assessment of current performance, analysis of statistical and temporal characteristics of the indicators of the effectiveness of the processes and identify sources and causes of loss of efficiency of respectively 25, 26, 27; subsystems interact, respectively, 28, 29, 30.

There is a two-way data transmission channels between:

automated system 6 design and control of scheduled production jobs enterprise and control 12 remote control the production processes of the enterprise;

automated system 6 development and control and routine production jobs, enterprise and subsystem 22 I / o automated system 10 management of the production processes of the enterprise;

automated system 6 design and control of scheduled production jobs enterprise and subsystem 28 interaction system 11 current evaluation of effectiveness of the production processes of the enterprise;

automated system 7 management of production and economic and financial-economic activities and subsystem 28 interaction system 11 current evaluation of effectiveness of the production processes of the enterprise;

the control panel 12 of the control of the production processes of the enterprise and subsystem 22 I / o automated system 10 management of the production processes of the enterprise;

subsystem 22 I / o automated system 10 control production processes and subsystem 23 I / o system 11 current evaluation of effectiveness of the production processes of the enterprise;

subsystem 28 interaction system 11 current evaluation of effectiveness of the production processes of the enterprise and subsystem 29 interaction system 14 current estimation of the progress of production and technological processes of the enterprise;

subsystem 23 I / o system 11 current evaluation of effectiveness of the production processes of the enterprise and the control 15 remote control Pro is odstone-technological processes of the enterprise;

subsystem 23 I / o system 11 current evaluation of effectiveness of production processes and systems 9 automatic control of technological objects;

subsystem 23 I / o system 11 current evaluation of effectiveness of the production processes of the enterprise and subsystems 24 I / o automated systems 16 process control object;

subsystem 29 interaction system 14 current estimation of the progress of the production and technological processes and subsystems 30 interaction systems 17 the current assessment of the effectiveness of the technological processes in the technological object;

subsystems 24 I / o automated systems 16 process control object and the dispatcher or operator panels 18 process control objects;

subsystems 24 I / o automated systems 16 control of technological processes and systems 8 automatic control of technological systems.

There are one-way data transmission channels:

from subsystem 22 I / o automated system 10 control production processes to subsystem 28 interaction system 11 current estimation is an ode to the production processes of the enterprise;

from the subsystem 28 interaction system 11 current evaluation of effectiveness of the production processes of the enterprise to control 12 control of the production processes of the enterprise;

from the subsystem 23 I / o system 11 current evaluation of effectiveness of the production processes of the enterprise to subsystem 29 interaction system 14 current estimation of the progress of production and technological processes of the enterprise;

from the automated system 7 management of production and economic and financial-economic activity until the subsystem 29 interaction system 14 current estimation of the progress of production and technological processes of the enterprise;

from the subsystem 29 interaction system 14 current estimation of the progress of production and technological processes of the enterprise to control 15 control of manufacturing processes of the enterprise;

from subsystems 24 I / o automated systems 16 process control objects to subsystems 30 interaction systems 17 the current assessment of the effectiveness of the technological processes in the technological object;

from subsystems 30 interaction systems 17 the current assessment of the effectiveness of the technological processes in the technological objective is e to the dispatcher or operator panels 18 process control objects;

from the automated system 7 management of production and economic and financial-economic activities to subsystems 30 interaction systems 17 the current assessment of the effectiveness of the technological processes in the technological object.

Control unit 12 of the control of the production processes of the enterprise, control unit 15 controls the production and technological processes of the enterprise and the dispatcher or operator panels 18 process control objects associated two-way service and/or telephone dispatch communication channels.

Multi-level automated control system of production and technological processes of the enterprise cost management at the place of their occurrence for the oil and gas industry operates as follows.

She gets planned production and technological tasks from the automated system 6 design and control of routine production tasks of the enterprise. These manufacturing and technology jobs are allocated on the managed industrial facilities using subsystems 19, 22 of the automated system 10 control production processes, subsystems, 20, 23 automated system 13 control production and t is geologicheskiy enterprise processes in real time, subsystems 21, 24 automated systems 16 process control objects.

Planned production and manufacturing jobs are loaded to the control unit 12 of the control of the production processes of the enterprise directly from the automated system 6 design and control of routine production tasks of the enterprise, as well as from subsystem 22 of the automated system 10 control production processes, to the control unit 15 controls the production and technological processes of the subsystem 23 of the automated system 13 control of production and technological processes of the enterprise in real-time, on dispatch or operator panels 18 process control objects subsystem 24 automated systems 16 process control objects.

Routine manufacturing and technology jobs generated in the form of values of the input or process indicators that must be maintained during the production and technological processes, as well as limits the production or technological parameters.

At the same time, using subsystems 25, 28 system 11 current estimation of the progress the production of the different processes of the company, subsystems 26, 29 system 14 current estimation of the progress of the production and technological processes, subsystems, 27, 30 systems 17 the current assessment of the effectiveness of the technological processes in the technological object, respectively, to the control unit 12 of the control of the production processes of the enterprise, control unit 15 controls the production and technological processes of the enterprise, dispatcher or operator panels 18 process control objects enter plan values of the performance indicators and limits of performance indicators, which are formed based on the planned production and manufacturing jobs are coming from an automated system 6 design and control of routine production tasks of the enterprise, with the help subsystem 28 system 11 current evaluation of effectiveness of the production processes of the enterprise, as well as the current economic parameters received from the automated system 7 management of production and economic and financial-economic activity subsystem 28, 29, 30, respectively, of the system 11 of the current assessment of effectiveness of the production processes of the enterprise system 14 current evaluation of effectiveness of the production process the process the company, systems 17 the current assessment of the effectiveness of the technological processes in the technological object.

When working processing units managed systems 8 automatic control of technological systems, data on current operating parameters of the technological process, the modes, the status and experience of working equipment, consumable resources go to system 16 process control objects using their subsystems 24. There they are processed in the subsystem 21. The result also received from systems 8 automatic control of the technological process parameters using subsystems 21, 24 on the dispatcher or operator panels 18 process control object receives data averaged over a certain period of technological parameters, integrated production indicators for technological installations and around the technological object, load distribution, modes, condition and working practices of processing units, resources consumed by each process unit and in the whole object, the current values of the coefficient of efficiency of working process plant and facility in General. These same data using subsystem 24 is loaded into podci is theme of 23 automated system 13 control of production and technological processes of the enterprise in real time.

Based on the provided information Manager or operators control the values of technological parameters and if they are out of bounds perform control actions. These steps are implemented in the teams Manager or operators download using the man-machine interface dispatcher or operator panels 18 process control objects. Commands by subsystem 24 and 21 are produced in the control of the impact that using subsystem 24 affect system 8 automatic control of technological systems, resulting in a change modes of processing units. Manager or operators perform control actions up until the values of technological parameters is not part of the norm. When the Manager or the operator can redistribute the load between units located in a single technological cycle, such as turbo-compressor units, in the framework of the execution of a given set of values of the process parameters, for example, on the inlet and outlet of the compressor unit.

In addition, data on processes objects using subsystem 24 system 16 process control objects are passed to subsystem 30 17 current evaluation of the effectiveness of those the ideological processes in the technological object. Here subsystems 27 on the basis of the obtained data about the technological processes and the current economic parameters, coming from the automated system 7 management of production and economic and financial-economic activities are determined by the values of the estimates of the performance indicators, which are compared with the permissible boundaries of performance indicators. Values estimated performance indicators is calculated as the sum of the cost consumed in production processes resources, such as fuel gas, electricity, fuels and lubricants, heat, water, wear and tear, starrie and service payments, transport costs. Each cost is calculated as the product of the expenditure on a particular item and factor proportional to the value of this resource for the given object. These factors and current economic parameters, coming from the automated system 7 management of production and economic and financial-economic activities. This allows to pass from the system 7 management of production and economic and financial-economic activity is not the absolute values of the costs of resources consumed, and their normalized values.

Values are calculated estimates of effect and the property passed to dispatcher or operator panels 18 process control objects using subsystems 30 17 current evaluation of the effectiveness of the technological processes in technological the object and are controlled by a dispatcher or operator.

In case of evaluation of effectiveness of the technological processes of bounds on the dispatcher or operator panels 18 process control objects are formed sound and light signals and subsystems 27 systems 17 the current assessment of the effectiveness of the technological processes in the technological object is the analysis of the statistical and temporal characteristics of the indicators of the effectiveness of the processes and identify sources and causes of loss of efficiency. The results of this analysis using subsystems 30 17 current evaluation of the effectiveness of the technological processes in the technological object is passed to the appropriate dispatcher or operator console 18 process control objects.

Specified, the analysis is performed on the basis of mathematical methods of causal analysis applied to arrays of data. In particular, it can be correlation analysis or principal component method. The result is determined by the process parameters or the parameters of the indicators of the effectiveness of the technological processes, the change which has led to lower values of assessing the effectiveness of a course of technological processes.

The specified analysis can be performed n the team Manager or operator in the case of the decline in the effectiveness evaluation of the progress of technological processes before moving beyond the permissible limit.

According to the results of the analysis, the Manager or the operator performs the control actions similar to the actions beyond the permissible boundary of technological parameter.

Thus, the Manager or operator performs control not only the technological process on the object, but also the cost of the object, i.e. at the place of their origin.

Management systems 9 automatic control of technological objects is performed from the control 15 remote control of manufacturing processes of the enterprise by means of subsystems 20, 23 automated system 13 control of production and technological processes of the enterprise in real time and is similar to systems management 8 automatic control of technological systems. The difference lies in the fact that technological objects, for example, a shop compressor stations, contain multiple processing units, such as gas-pumping units, and systems 9 automatic control of technological objects solve also the problem of the redistribution of load between technological systems and management regimes.

Similarly, data from subsystems 21 automated systems 16 process control objects of the systems on the 9th of AV is matichenkov control of technological objects at a higher level in the subsystem 23 of the automated system 13 control of production and technological processes of the enterprise in real-time transmitted averaged over a certain period of technological parameters, integrated production figures as on technological installations and around the technological object, load distribution, modes, condition and working practices of processing units, resources consumed by each process unit and in the whole object, the current values of the coefficient of efficiency of working process plant and of the whole object.

Data received from the level 4 process control of production facilities, are processed in the subsystem 20 of the automated system 13 control of production and technological processes of the enterprise in real time and transmitted by the subsystem 23 to the control unit 15 controls the production and technological processes of the enterprise.

Manager controls not only the compliance with process requirements, and perform routine production tasks, i.e. addressing the problems of production and technological character.

14 the current assessment of the effectiveness of the manufacturing processes of the enterprise provides the function control costs at the place of their occurrence on level 3 of the management of production and technological processes p is appriate and operates similarly to system 17 current estimation of the progress of technological processes in the technological object. Using subsystems 23 automated system 13 control of production and technological processes of the enterprise in real-time subsystem 29 system 14 current estimation of the progress of production and technological processes of the enterprise data is loaded PROIZVODSTVENNO-technological nature. Subsystem 26, 29 system 14 current estimation of the progress of production and technological processes of the enterprise are similar respectively subsystems 27, 30 system 17 current estimation of the progress of technological processes in the technological object. Subsystem 29 system 14 current estimation of the progress of production and technological processes of the enterprise allows to receive data from subsystem 30 system 17 current estimation of the progress of technological processes in the technological object. This is data about the calculated evaluation values effectiveness of the technological processes on the objects, which after averaging the feature Manager. In addition, the interaction of these subsystems allows you to organize joint database of values of the process parameters and/or parameters of the performance indicators of the progress of technological processes for a group of objects, United technologically identify the reasons for the decrease effectively the tee.

Level 3 management of the production and technological processes on the basis of the operation of the system 14 current estimation of the progress of production and technological processes of the enterprise together with the control 15 remote control of manufacturing processes of the enterprise and the automated system 13 control of production and technological processes of the enterprise in real-time provides control of production and technological processes, as well as management costs, which in this case are mainly associated with the interaction between different technological objects and redistribution of the contribution of each of them in the manufacturing process.

Subsystem 20 of the automated system 13 control of production and technological processes of the enterprise in real-time based averaging formed an integrated production figures on balance sheets, resources produced cost developments the state of the production system as a whole using subsystem 23 is transmitted to the automated system 10 control production processes through its subsystem 22.

Control unit 12 of the control of the production processes of the enterprise works like dis is EtherScope to 15 remote control of manufacturing processes of the enterprise. Subsystem 19, 22 of the automated system 10 control production processes are similar subsystems 20, 23 automated system 13 control of production and technological processes of the enterprise in real time.

Subsystem 25, 28 system 11 current evaluation of effectiveness of the production processes of the enterprise are similar subsystems 26, 29 system 14 current estimation of the progress of production and technological processes of the enterprise.

Manager control 12 control of the production processes of the company monitors the implementation scheduled job, decides it is adjusted analyses the reasons for the decrease in the effectiveness of the enterprise as a whole and identifies the reserves growth efficiency, as reported to the upper level 1 and in the form of management actions in the automated system 10 control production processes with the help of its subsystem 19. The automated system 10 management of the production processes of the enterprise generates through its subsystem 19 and passes through the subsystem 22 to the upper level 1 numerical integral result of execution of production tasks across the enterprise as a whole. System 11 current estimation of stroke production and the processes of the enterprise allows to evaluate the efficiency of the production processes and to compare them with routine tasks, to find reserves of efficiency. Data on the current efficiency of production processes with the help subsystem 28 are loaded into the automated system 7 management of production and economic and financial-economic activities.

On the management level 2 production processes based on the operation control 12 control of the production processes of the enterprise, the automated system 10 control production processes and systems 11 the current assessment of the effectiveness of the production processes of the enterprise is the management of production processes in real time and is managing the costs associated with the imbalance in the production processes, the emergence of factors that are not captured in routine production jobs, scheduling errors.

System 8 automatic control of technological systems can be implemented on the basis of automatic regulators [Radkevich VV control objects of the gas industry. M: Silver, 2004, str-138, 275-284, Pat. Of the Russian Federation No. 2040699, F02 9/28, 1995].

System 9 automatic control of technological objects are managed as part of the technological object, as a rule, several technological systems, p is this, contain the appropriate number of automatic regulators for control of technological systems. This system 9 automatic control of technological objects should solve the problem of the redistribution of load between technological systems and management regimes, which also implements automatic regulators. System 9 automatic control of technological objects can be implemented on the basis of automatic regulators [Radkevich VV control objects of the gas industry. M: Silver, 2004, str-295, RF patent No. 2181854, CL 7 F04D 27/02, F01 7/24, publ. 27.04.2002,, RF patent No. 2084704, F04 27/00, 1993].

The automated system 10 control production processes in conjunction with the control panel 12 of the control of the production processes of the enterprise, as the automated system 13 control of production and technological processes of the enterprise in real time together with the control 15 remote control of manufacturing processes of the enterprise, as the automated system 16 process control objects together with the dispatcher or operator panels 18 process control objects can be implemented in the form of SCADA systems, building what I based database technologies real-time. SCADA systems are developed on the basis of SCADA software packages by parameterization, i.e. the development of application software available technical tools and management tasks of the subordinate systems of automatic control. Currently the market offers a large number of basic SCADA software packages of different companies. In particular, the review of available base software SCADA packages presented in [Nicholas S. Comparative analysis of the main characteristics of SCADA systems used on gas-transport enterprises of Russia // automation, program and communication in the oil industry No. 1, 2003, p.14-16, Akhmetov AS aspects of the choice of SCADA systems, DCS /automation program and communication in the oil industry No. 3, 2005, p.34-38]. Key documents in the development of SCADA systems in the gas industry are HOST-89, GOST-89, GOST-90, GOST-90, RD 50-682-89, RD 50-680-88, RD 50-34.698-90, P 50-34.119-90, Standard technical requirements for design CS, BCS, and COP UGS (WFD 39-1.8-055-2002). M, LLC IDC Gazprom", 2002

Technical means of SCADA-systems are servers and workstations in the form of computers with Windows operating systems or UNICS. Control unit 12 of the control of the production processes of the enterprise, dispatch the ult 15 control of manufacturing processes of the enterprise and the dispatcher or operator panels 18 process control objects represent workstations in the form of computers, for each of them when creating a SCADA system developed your man-machine interface. In the oil and gas industry today there are a large number of practical implementation of SCADA systems. In particular, this implementation is described in [Reunov A.V. Soloviev Y.A. SAU gas Compressor station (recent experience) // Industrial controllers ACS, No. 3, 2001, p.14-16].

The core of the automated system 10 control production processes, as the automated system 13 control of production and technological processes of the enterprise in real-time and automated systems 16 process control objects are the servers real-time and archive server database, where a database of real-time data and archive database.

Subsystem 19 of collection, storage and primary processing production or process information, process control applications, the preparation of reports for the top level of the automated system 10 control production processes, the subsystem 20 collection, storage and primary processing production or process information, process control applications, the preparation of reports for top-level automated system 13 control the mode of production and technological processes of the enterprise in real-time subsystem 21 collection, storage and primary processing production or process information, process control applications, the preparation of reports for top-level automated systems 16 process control objects are implemented as complex computational problems in relevant databases real-time or archival databases SCADA systems.

Subsystem 22 I / o automated system 10 control production processes; subsystem 23 I / o automated system 13 control of production and technological processes of the enterprise in real-time subsystem 24 I / o automated systems 16 process control objects can be implemented as a standard subsystem in relevant databases real-time or archival databases SCADA systems. All these subsystems should consist of two blocks: the training and data transmission and receiving unit and load data. Blocks can contain their own software interfaces for communication with the data channels.

System 11 current evaluation of effectiveness of the production processes of the company; 14 current estimation of the progress of production and technological processes of the enterprise; sist what we 17 current estimation of the progress of technological processes in the technological object can be made on the basis of the normal database, for example, Oracle, and real-time database, i.e. to be a separate SCADA system or be part of the overall SCADA system functioning at an appropriate level of control.

Subsystem 25 calculation of generalized production or technological, specific, consumable cost and resource indicators reduce the dimension of current information and production or technology specific, consumable cost and resource indicators, calculation of the integrated performance assessment of current performance, analysis of statistical and temporal characteristics of the indicators of the effectiveness of the processes and identify sources and causes of loss of efficiency of the system 11 of the current assessment of effectiveness of the production processes of the enterprise; subsystem 26 calculation of generalized production or technological, specific, consumable cost and resource indicators reduce the dimension of current information and production or technology specific, consumable cost and resource indicators calculation integral indices of the assessment of current performance, analysis of statistical and temporal characteristics of the indicators of the effectiveness of the processes and identify sources and causes of loss of efficiency of the system 14 current estimation of the progress of production and technological percent is ssov of the enterprise; subsystem 27 calculation of generalized production or technological, specific, consumable cost and resource indicators reduce the dimension of current information and production or technology specific, consumable cost and resource indicators, calculation of the integrated performance assessment of current performance, analysis of statistical and temporal characteristics of the indicators of the effectiveness of the processes and identify sources and causes of loss of efficiency of the 17 current evaluation of the effectiveness of the technological processes in the technological object are implemented as complex computational problems in relevant databases or databases with real-time or archival databases SCADA systems.

Subsystem 28 interaction system 11 current evaluation of effectiveness of the production processes of the enterprise; subsystem 29 interaction system 14 current estimation of the progress of production and technological processes of the enterprise; subsystem 30 interaction systems 17 the current assessment of the effectiveness of the technological processes in the technological object can be performed as a standard subsystem in relevant databases, databases, real-time or archival databases SCADA systems. All these subsystems should consist of two blocks: the under is otoki and data transfer to other systems and block receiving and loading data.

All data channels, service information exchanges, can be of three types: information exchange within the same database, implemented, or web-based server or on the basis of locally computing network; the exchange of information between similar databases are implemented using LAN or connected to the data transmission network on the basis of internal protocols, does not require transformation or conversion of the data format before transmission or after receipt; information exchange between heterogeneous databases is implemented as a rule based on standard protocols and data formats, for example using a SQL query. Official dispatch communication channels can be LAN, the channels connected to the data transmission network, the transmission channels of communication based on the telephone network and modems, e-mail, Internet. Telephone communication channels can be: telephone public statements, departmental telephone, cellular telephone, radio, telephony based on the use of digital data transmission channels, such as IP telephony.

The company may be more complex hierarchical system of technological objects. In this case, the number of levels of management of technological processes of production facilities may be increased.

Pre is the acceptance may be missing automated system 6 design and control of scheduled production jobs enterprise and automated system 7 management of production and economic and financial activities.

In this case, multi-level automated control system of production and technological processes of the enterprise cost management at the place of their occurrence for the oil and gas industry interacts with the relevant departments of the enterprise. For example, planning, manufacturing and production job can be entered into the system manually according to the prepared production or technological enterprise departments. They also receive reports on their implementation. Economic parameters can be entered into the system manually according to prepared, for example, accounting or Economics Department. They receive data from the system about the current economic estimates.

Thus, the present invention improves the efficiency of control due to rapid local response to a decrease in the efficiency of the production process of the enterprise.

Multi-level automated control system of production and technological processes of the enterprise cost management at the place of their occurrence for the oil and gas industry, characterized in that it contains an automated system for designing and monitoring the implementation of the planned production for any enterprises in the upper level of management, automated control system of economic production and financial-economic activities, systems of automatic control of technological systems, located on the lower levels of governance, systems of automatic control of technological objects at the level of management of technological processes of production facilities, while at the level of management of the production processes of the enterprise are: automated system for management of production processes; a system to assess effectiveness of the production processes of the company; control panel of the control of production processes of the enterprise; management of production and technological processes of the enterprise are: automated control system of production and technological processes of the enterprise in real time; a system to assess effectiveness of the production and technological processes of the company; control remote control of manufacturing processes of the enterprise; at the level of process control objects are: automated control systems of technological processes of interest; the system takumakai effectiveness of the technological processes in the technological object; dispatcher or operator control panels process control objects, an automated system of management of production processes, automated control system of production and technological processes of the enterprise in real-time and automated control systems of technological processes of interest are composed of subsystems collection, storage and primary processing production or process information, process control applications, the preparation of reports for top level associated with the respective input / output; and a system to assess effectiveness of the production processes of the enterprise, a system to assess effectiveness of the production and technological processes and systems ongoing assessment of the effectiveness of a course of technological processes in the technological object are subsystem calculate the generalized production or technological, specific, expense, cost and resource indicators reduce the dimension of current information and production or technology specific, expense, cost and resource indicators, calculation of the integrated performance assessment of current performance, analysis of statistical and temporal characteristics of indicators e is the performance of the development processes and identify sources and causes of loss of efficiency, associated with the respective input-output; in addition, there are bilateral data transmission channels between: an automated system for the development and control of routine production jobs, enterprise and operational console control of the production processes of the enterprise; an automated system development and control of scheduled production jobs enterprise and subsystem I / o automated system of control of production processes; automated system development and control of scheduled production jobs enterprise and subsystem I / o system current assessment of the effectiveness of the production processes of the enterprise; an automated control system of production-economic and financial-economic activities and subsystem I / o system current evaluation of the effectiveness of the production processes of the company; control remote control of the production processes of the enterprise and subsystem I / o automated system of control of production processes; subsystem I / o automated system of control of production processes and subsystem I / o system those whom the current assessment of effectiveness of the production processes of the enterprise; subsystem I / o system current assessment of the effectiveness of the production processes of the enterprise and subsystem I / o system current assessment of the effectiveness of the manufacturing processes of the enterprise; subsystem I / o system current assessment of the effectiveness of the production processes and control remote monitoring of manufacturing processes of the enterprise; subsystem I / o system current assessment of the effectiveness of the production processes of the enterprise and automatic control systems of technological interest; subsystem I / o system current assessment of the effectiveness of the production processes of the enterprise and subsystems I / o automated control systems of technological processes; subsystem I / o system current assessment effectiveness of the manufacturing processes of the enterprise and subsystems, I / o systems current estimation of the progress of technological processes in the technological object; subsystems I / o automated control systems of technological processes and the dispatcher or operator control panels process control objects, subsystems, I / o auto is alizirovannaya systems of control of technological processes and systems of automatic control of technological systems; in addition, there are one-way channels of data from subsystem I / o automated system of control of production processes to subsystem I / o system current assessment of the effectiveness of the production processes of the enterprise; from subsystem I / o system current assessment of the effectiveness of the production processes of the enterprise to control control the production processes of the enterprise; from subsystem I / o system current assessment of the effectiveness of the production processes of the enterprise to subsystem I / o system current assessment of the effectiveness of the manufacturing processes of the enterprise; from automated control systems-economic and financial-economic activity to the input subsystem-o system current estimation of the progress of production and technological processes of the enterprise; from subsystem I / o system current assessment of the effectiveness of the manufacturing processes of the enterprise to control control of manufacturing processes of the enterprise; from subsystem I / o automated control systems of technological processes of the object to the input-output systems tech the overall evaluation of the effectiveness of the technological processes in the technological object; from input-output systems current estimation of the progress of technological processes in the technological object to the dispatcher or operator panels process control objects; from automated control systems-economic and financial-economic activity until the subsystems I / o systems current estimation of the progress of technological processes in the technological object, moreover, the control unit controls the production processes of the enterprise, control the remote control of manufacturing processes of the enterprise and the dispatcher or operator control panels process control objects associated two-way service and/or telephone dispatch communication channels.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: electrical communication networks, radio technique, computing technique.

SUBSTANCE: apparatus for controlling system of objects includes power conductor connected to autonomous electric power source; adapters connected between power conductor and objects. Adapters forming together with objects control circuits are programmed for setting timing of data receiving. Power conductor serves simultaneously for transmitting data. Adapters are made with possibility of taking noises into account. Adapter connected between power conductor and autonomous electric power source is made with possibility of simultaneous transmission of data between all other adapters while taking into account time moments of noise occurring and with possibility of regulating voltage of electric power source. Adapter for such apparatus is also offered in description of invention.

EFFECT: improved quality of control process.

2 cl, 7 dwg

FIELD: connecting controller may be used in gas transportation systems.

SUBSTANCE: connecting controller contains electric interconnection, which connects a set of input ports to processor and memory. In accordance to invention, marked data may be grouped in time and space by means of central computer using attributes. Processor may utilize aforementioned data to constantly monitor, determine parameters and control the whole gas transportation system.

EFFECT: controller precisely distributes system events in time and space, using marked data for this purpose, resulting in increased efficiency of system, control over repairing of breakdown, capacity for planning of advance technical maintenance and routine maintenance.

5 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: computer systems engineering, welding systems, possible use for providing welding architecture to make possible interactive realization of remote configuration, monitoring, control and business operations in distributed environment, wherein welding processes are performed.

SUBSTANCE: system includes at least one welding device, operatively connected to network server, network interface and network for exchanging data with at least one remote system. Remote system includes at least one remote interface for exchanging data with network architecture. Remote system is made with possible request of at least one HTTP socket for setting up connection to welding device through network, loading at least one application from welding device and communication with at least one welding application socket through at least one application for exchanging information between welding device and remote system. At least one appropriate includes at least one of components: welding configuration component, welding monitoring component and welding control component. Method for provision of distributed welding architecture includes stages, at which: welding device is connected to network interface. For setting up network connection through network interface to remote system, at least one socket is used: HTTP socket or welding application socket, where HTTP socket is used for exchanging data with remote systems. Structure of data, providing welding protocol, includes at least one of following fields: field of options/flags, field of order of messages, message status field, data length field, data field, server commands field, server command identifier field, server command arguments field, machine field, machine address field, field of identifier of method/property and field for arguments of method/property.

EFFECT: decreased time and labor costs related to technical maintenance and adjustment of multiple welding devices and systems.

6 cl, 22 dwg

FIELD: engineering of controlling and adjusting systems for controlling technological processes.

SUBSTANCE: complex contains workstations and servers based on personal electronic computer machines, connected as a local area Ethernet network, and also controllers and functional modules. Programmable logical integral circuits, built into each functional module, support programming of practically any algorithms for processing signals and control, adequate for tasks, assigned by engineer to current module. Three variants of system engineering are possible on basis of means included in complex: centralized control, local control, distributed control. In all three variants central microprocessor module controlled by software performs primary configuring of functional modules, information exchange, control and diagnostics of software and hardware means.

EFFECT: expanded functional capabilities, increased reliability, improved maintainability.

14 cl, 19 dwg

FIELD: engineering of systems for automatic control over technological processes.

SUBSTANCE: in the method appropriate for invention at least one controlling computing machine is utilized and a certain amount of field devices, while status signals and control signals between at least a portion of field devices and controlling computing machine are transferred using TCP/IP protocol via communication channel, preferably for radio-communication and/or Internet. System for controlling process appropriate for invention has controlling computing machine with Web-server, computing machine of client with Internet browser, and also multiple indicators and positioning devices; system for controlling process is preferably services by means of Internet through personal computer of client.

EFFECT: improved universality of software used for servicing and observing.

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FIELD: automatics and computer science, possible use for developing solutions for tasks for controlling modes of expansive electric energy based systems.

SUBSTANCE: in control system consisting of several sub-systems, connected by means of communication with computer machine, and optimization module connected thereto, computer machine is selected as computer machine of upper level, and each subsystem is provided with computing machine of lower level, herein optimization module and block for calculating functional characteristics of current subsystem are realized, while system is also provided with means for upper level communication and means for lower level communication, computing machines of lower level through communication means of upper level are connected to computing machine of upper level and through communication means of lower level are connected to subsystems.

EFFECT: decreased total amount of information transferred while controlling modes of electric energy based systems, increased speed of operations.

4 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: ferrous metallurgy; nonferrous metallurgy; methods of automated control over ore mining and dressing production.

SUBSTANCE: the invention is pertaining to the field of ferrous and nonferrous metallurgy, in particular, to the method of automated control over ore mining and dressing production by means of the branched computer network. The technical result of the invention is an improved quality and effectiveness of the control. The method provides for a measurement within the preset time intervals of an electrical power consumption (PC) by equipment of the technological link (TL) of mining, TL of bucking and TL of iron-ore concentrate production per 1 ton of the product, mains voltage and determination of the correcting coefficient considering the effect of the mains voltage value. On the basis of statistical data for the equipment of the TL of mining, TL of ore bucking and TL of an iron-ore concentrate production considering mechanical and chemical properties of the raw material and the number of units of operating equipment they introduce in the controlling system the boundary parameters (BP) of acceptable values of PC used for production of 1 ton of the products at the fixed main voltage. At the stage of processing by the TL of mining the initial ore is weighted and averaged for bringing of the mechanical and chemical parameters to the preset boundary parameters for processing by the following technological links. At the stage of ore processing by TL of bucking they check the chemical composition and mechanical properties of an intermediate product. At a stage of processing of ore by TL of production of the iron-ore concentrate they determine amount of products of the preset chemical composition produced from 1 ton of the ore, For each link of TL fix the number of the equipment units operating in parallel. Then make a comparison of the power consumed by each TL for production of 1 ton of products with the boundary parameters acceptable PC values per 1 ton of the products for the data of the initial ore composition, parameters of the TL products and a quantity of the units of the equipment in parallel operating in composition of TL. Determine the value of deviations and multiply by the coefficient considering the effect of the mains voltage value. If the measured values of PC exceed at the indicated TLs preset boundary parameters (BP)of acceptable values of PC per 1 ton of the products fix the operating irregularity of the equipment of the particular TL. Analyze the dynamics of the gained deviations rise time and by the obtained results of the analysis determine the sequence and the volume of diagnosing of the particular unit of the TL equipment. After that step-by-step transfer the TL equipment in a diagnostic mode of operation, conduct its diagnosing and issue a command to change the mode of operation of the particular units of the TL equipment or to cease their operation.

EFFECT: the invention ensures an improved quality and effectiveness of the control.

1 dwg

FIELD: tire industry.

SUBSTANCE: proposed plant contains great number of working units operating successively. Plant is furnished with central processor made for setting successive execution of great number of operations at working stations. Each working station contains at least one unit of indicated working units according to one or several set sequences of tire types. Plant includes also local processor connected with each working station and made for determining type corresponding to drum found in each of said working units. Local processor provides selection of definite procedure from preset group of procedures for each of said working units designed for type of tire corresponding to drum to be used in operation. Invention reduces to minimum downtimes for changing type of tire to be manufactured and makes it possible to manufacture lots of tires of different types without changing equipment producing tire semifinished products.

EFFECT: provision of automatic manufacturing of different type tires.

9 cl, 3 dwg

The invention relates to microprocessor technology and can be used in microprocessor APCS

FIELD: tire industry.

SUBSTANCE: proposed plant contains great number of working units operating successively. Plant is furnished with central processor made for setting successive execution of great number of operations at working stations. Each working station contains at least one unit of indicated working units according to one or several set sequences of tire types. Plant includes also local processor connected with each working station and made for determining type corresponding to drum found in each of said working units. Local processor provides selection of definite procedure from preset group of procedures for each of said working units designed for type of tire corresponding to drum to be used in operation. Invention reduces to minimum downtimes for changing type of tire to be manufactured and makes it possible to manufacture lots of tires of different types without changing equipment producing tire semifinished products.

EFFECT: provision of automatic manufacturing of different type tires.

9 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: ferrous metallurgy; nonferrous metallurgy; methods of automated control over ore mining and dressing production.

SUBSTANCE: the invention is pertaining to the field of ferrous and nonferrous metallurgy, in particular, to the method of automated control over ore mining and dressing production by means of the branched computer network. The technical result of the invention is an improved quality and effectiveness of the control. The method provides for a measurement within the preset time intervals of an electrical power consumption (PC) by equipment of the technological link (TL) of mining, TL of bucking and TL of iron-ore concentrate production per 1 ton of the product, mains voltage and determination of the correcting coefficient considering the effect of the mains voltage value. On the basis of statistical data for the equipment of the TL of mining, TL of ore bucking and TL of an iron-ore concentrate production considering mechanical and chemical properties of the raw material and the number of units of operating equipment they introduce in the controlling system the boundary parameters (BP) of acceptable values of PC used for production of 1 ton of the products at the fixed main voltage. At the stage of processing by the TL of mining the initial ore is weighted and averaged for bringing of the mechanical and chemical parameters to the preset boundary parameters for processing by the following technological links. At the stage of ore processing by TL of bucking they check the chemical composition and mechanical properties of an intermediate product. At a stage of processing of ore by TL of production of the iron-ore concentrate they determine amount of products of the preset chemical composition produced from 1 ton of the ore, For each link of TL fix the number of the equipment units operating in parallel. Then make a comparison of the power consumed by each TL for production of 1 ton of products with the boundary parameters acceptable PC values per 1 ton of the products for the data of the initial ore composition, parameters of the TL products and a quantity of the units of the equipment in parallel operating in composition of TL. Determine the value of deviations and multiply by the coefficient considering the effect of the mains voltage value. If the measured values of PC exceed at the indicated TLs preset boundary parameters (BP)of acceptable values of PC per 1 ton of the products fix the operating irregularity of the equipment of the particular TL. Analyze the dynamics of the gained deviations rise time and by the obtained results of the analysis determine the sequence and the volume of diagnosing of the particular unit of the TL equipment. After that step-by-step transfer the TL equipment in a diagnostic mode of operation, conduct its diagnosing and issue a command to change the mode of operation of the particular units of the TL equipment or to cease their operation.

EFFECT: the invention ensures an improved quality and effectiveness of the control.

1 dwg

FIELD: automatics and computer science, possible use for developing solutions for tasks for controlling modes of expansive electric energy based systems.

SUBSTANCE: in control system consisting of several sub-systems, connected by means of communication with computer machine, and optimization module connected thereto, computer machine is selected as computer machine of upper level, and each subsystem is provided with computing machine of lower level, herein optimization module and block for calculating functional characteristics of current subsystem are realized, while system is also provided with means for upper level communication and means for lower level communication, computing machines of lower level through communication means of upper level are connected to computing machine of upper level and through communication means of lower level are connected to subsystems.

EFFECT: decreased total amount of information transferred while controlling modes of electric energy based systems, increased speed of operations.

4 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: engineering of systems for automatic control over technological processes.

SUBSTANCE: in the method appropriate for invention at least one controlling computing machine is utilized and a certain amount of field devices, while status signals and control signals between at least a portion of field devices and controlling computing machine are transferred using TCP/IP protocol via communication channel, preferably for radio-communication and/or Internet. System for controlling process appropriate for invention has controlling computing machine with Web-server, computing machine of client with Internet browser, and also multiple indicators and positioning devices; system for controlling process is preferably services by means of Internet through personal computer of client.

EFFECT: improved universality of software used for servicing and observing.

2 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: engineering of controlling and adjusting systems for controlling technological processes.

SUBSTANCE: complex contains workstations and servers based on personal electronic computer machines, connected as a local area Ethernet network, and also controllers and functional modules. Programmable logical integral circuits, built into each functional module, support programming of practically any algorithms for processing signals and control, adequate for tasks, assigned by engineer to current module. Three variants of system engineering are possible on basis of means included in complex: centralized control, local control, distributed control. In all three variants central microprocessor module controlled by software performs primary configuring of functional modules, information exchange, control and diagnostics of software and hardware means.

EFFECT: expanded functional capabilities, increased reliability, improved maintainability.

14 cl, 19 dwg

FIELD: computer systems engineering, welding systems, possible use for providing welding architecture to make possible interactive realization of remote configuration, monitoring, control and business operations in distributed environment, wherein welding processes are performed.

SUBSTANCE: system includes at least one welding device, operatively connected to network server, network interface and network for exchanging data with at least one remote system. Remote system includes at least one remote interface for exchanging data with network architecture. Remote system is made with possible request of at least one HTTP socket for setting up connection to welding device through network, loading at least one application from welding device and communication with at least one welding application socket through at least one application for exchanging information between welding device and remote system. At least one appropriate includes at least one of components: welding configuration component, welding monitoring component and welding control component. Method for provision of distributed welding architecture includes stages, at which: welding device is connected to network interface. For setting up network connection through network interface to remote system, at least one socket is used: HTTP socket or welding application socket, where HTTP socket is used for exchanging data with remote systems. Structure of data, providing welding protocol, includes at least one of following fields: field of options/flags, field of order of messages, message status field, data length field, data field, server commands field, server command identifier field, server command arguments field, machine field, machine address field, field of identifier of method/property and field for arguments of method/property.

EFFECT: decreased time and labor costs related to technical maintenance and adjustment of multiple welding devices and systems.

6 cl, 22 dwg

FIELD: connecting controller may be used in gas transportation systems.

SUBSTANCE: connecting controller contains electric interconnection, which connects a set of input ports to processor and memory. In accordance to invention, marked data may be grouped in time and space by means of central computer using attributes. Processor may utilize aforementioned data to constantly monitor, determine parameters and control the whole gas transportation system.

EFFECT: controller precisely distributes system events in time and space, using marked data for this purpose, resulting in increased efficiency of system, control over repairing of breakdown, capacity for planning of advance technical maintenance and routine maintenance.

5 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: electrical communication networks, radio technique, computing technique.

SUBSTANCE: apparatus for controlling system of objects includes power conductor connected to autonomous electric power source; adapters connected between power conductor and objects. Adapters forming together with objects control circuits are programmed for setting timing of data receiving. Power conductor serves simultaneously for transmitting data. Adapters are made with possibility of taking noises into account. Adapter connected between power conductor and autonomous electric power source is made with possibility of simultaneous transmission of data between all other adapters while taking into account time moments of noise occurring and with possibility of regulating voltage of electric power source. Adapter for such apparatus is also offered in description of invention.

EFFECT: improved quality of control process.

2 cl, 7 dwg

FIELD: the invention refers to automated control systems.

SUBSTANCE: it may be used for management of industrial-technological processes of an enterprise of gas and oil industry with controlling inputs at the place of their origin. The invention allows to control the industrial-technological process at each management level together with industrial-technological indexes and control the values of evaluations of indexes of effectiveness which so, as the industrial-technological indexes are compared with permissible borders.

EFFECT: increases effectiveness of management due to operative local response at effectiveness reduction on a part of the industrial-technological process of the enterprise.

1 dwg

FIELD: method and system for computerized preparation of parts in elevator engineering.

SUBSTANCE: method includes storing information which is important for logistics in control list of database in form of data about parts required in elevator engineering, parts being prepared are fitted with readable and recordable carrier of information with data memory, these parts are prepared, information which is important for logistics is recorded by means of a computer into memory of information carriers, prepared parts are delivered to the construction site, at the construction site the information important for logistics is read from the memory of information carrier, the information is checked by means of a computer and delivered parts are placed at specified distribution stations using read logistics information. The system contains a database, a reading/recording device, an information carrier with data memory, a processing block.

EFFECT: expanded functional capabilities.

2 cl, 1 dwg

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