Pig keeping method

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: method involves raising animals in brooder of isolated sections, with transition through said sections being provided according to processing order; forming mini-herds from pigs of adjacent brooders by providing for visual communication and immediate contacting therebetween, with beginning of said contacting being regulated by opening of passageways in partition walls of adjacent brooders.

EFFECT: reduced stress during pig grouping, increased animal productivity, and reduced pig raising time.

2 dwg, 1 ex

 

The invention relates to the field of agriculture of the invention and is intended for keeping pigs in specialized areas on the stages of reproduction and rearing.

There is a method of raising animals and device for its implementation on a standard project 802-225 and 802-277 Institute Giproniselkhos for 1976. This project pigsties reproducing and finishing shops are located in two sironahealth buildings size 73×306, 78×276. Between these two buildings are connected by a gallery. Inside they are divided along a continuation of the gallery, on both sides of which are premises-sections for different age groups of animals.

Technology of animal management 3-phase. Production rhythm 2 days. Thelocation of the uterus in the amount of 33 goals every two days translated into sections for farrowing for 7 days before making them. After farrowing 3 of the uterus return in the section for unmarried females as maloplotnykh, and the rest remain in oprosnoy section before weaning piglets at the age of 26 days. After weaning, the piglets are contained in Oborony machines about 5 days, and sow immediately sent to a section for barren mares for repeated reproduction. After the expiration of piglets in oprosnoy section they are transferred to section rearing. Each section accommodates the em 600 head of piglets at weaning. So she filled four days. In section rearing pigs are up to 112 days of age. Then they are transferred to the Department of fattening. Each section of the shop fattening has a capacity of 600 pigs. Filling one such section is 4 days. Fed piglets up to 228 days old. All the migrations of animals are carried out on the gallery.

Pigs of all age groups are contained in isolated sections, in individual and group machines fitted with gates, feeders, defecation areas and walkways for maintenance personnel.

Lying pigs partition in the partition produced force of the machines pigs thrown out into the aisles, and these, in communication galleries which pigs is distilled in the following (technology) isolated sections.

At the beginning of the process of growing piglets contain machines for farrowing sows up to 26 days of age, then they take them away from females, which translate to rest, and keep these machines up to 32 days of age. During this time, the waste piglets is 7-8%. Then piglets are transferred to the site of growing up to 112 days of age. On this site there are group machines with a capacity of 25 goals. Each machine has three solid walls, and the fourth, the front consists of wickets and camocarmen for dry feed. In Adna part of the machine there is a zone of defecation. In each machine piglets formed around the exterior on the mass and size of the trunk piglets.

The disadvantages of the known method and device of the growing pigs are the following.

1. When translations piglets from section to section in accordance with processing order of the group disbanded and created again by selecting piglets of the same mass. The newly formed group adapt to each other and rank after the fight is established leadership. During the adaptation period the pigs do not produce weight gain. In addition, often the fight ends with painful injuries.

2. Great energy and labor on the migrations of animals.

3. Animals exposed to negative stress because of the forced driving section to section and from building to building as per the technological order and production rhythm.

Thus, when translating piglets from Oborony sections in Otemachi pigs susceptible to stress from the dissolution of the original groups, from driving in the next section, change the old and the new machines and formed a new group is 2.5 times larger than the original. All this is accompanied by a hierarchical struggle for leadership. All this reduces the productivity of pigs. The loss of the pigs in this area is 2-3%.

Similar conditions are created by the translation of p is reset-othemise in the fattening sector of the site. When moving pigs weak reject and groups doformirovyvat to 25 goal. in the 1st machine.

Each machine finishing section is made of solid partitions, side feeders, zone defecation in the back of the machine and gates in the front. The loss of the pigs on this site is 1.5-2%.

The closest analogue is the way that pigs and device for its implementation the patent (patent RF №1746968 A01K 67/02 from 26.12.89).

The way that pigs includes raising animals consistently in isolated sections, the duration of the animals when growing in each section the same as the number of stages (sections) is determined by the formula K=T/τwhere T is the total duration of the animals, days; τ - duration Oborona-lactation stage, days, and the transfer of animals from section to section is carried out by their own free transition using reflex search of food, while the food issue feeders subsequent sections and simultaneously open the holes in the partitions between the sections.

Device for keeping pigs includes isolated from each section with machines for animals with manholes and gates, and technological passes, the number of machines in each section is the same and equal to the number of machines in Oborona-lactating section,and all machines have the same width, and the length of the machine is determined by the formula I=S/b. Where S is the regulatory area of the machine of the I-th section, I - 1, 2, 3...; b - width of the machine, and the machines in the sections placed in one or two rows, and sections parallel to the

The way that pigs includes raising animals consistently in isolated sections, the length of the content in which the same.

The transfer of animals from section to section is carried out by an independent free transition using reflex the search for food, which give food in feeders subsequent sections and simultaneously open the holes in the partitions between the sections.

A device for keeping pigs, including isolated sections with passages and with machines fitted with feeding areas defecation, solid walls, gates and holes in the walls between the sections.

This device allows independent movement of pigs from section to section in all technological stages of production and feeding them through the holes in the partitions between them under the action of the reflex foraging. As in the known device the machines of the previous sections are located in front of the machines the subsequent sections, in all periods of growing and fattening group of pigs remain unchanged, except for natural losses (loss) animals.

Flaws on the frame of the device are, first, the limited variation in number of pigs in the machinery group, for example, using dry feed for feeding pigs of all ages, it is advisable to use automatic camocarmen, which is designed to service from 30 to 70 animals. For pig farms with groups of lactating females less than 30 goals this effective equipment unacceptable, because it allows you to create the required number of groups of pigs, and a simple application of this process equipment is not rational, as it is calculated for a large number of pigs.

Secondly, between the pigs, the formation of groups of animals in the machines after Oborona-lactating section is sharp rank fight. The result of this struggle experiencing stress and trauma, which lead to reduced productivity of pigs and not allow you to create ministate of piglets related machines.

The task of the invention is to increase the efficiency of the method of pigs from birth to the end of fattening through the creation of several groups required ministate.

The problem is solved due to the fact that the way that pigs includes raising animals in isolated sections, the transition which is made according to engineer the economic order, and piglets from adjacent machines form in ministage by creating the possibility of eye contact and gradual self-transition from machine to machine, the beginning of which regulate the opening of holes in their walls.

Significant new features are the following.

1. Creating opportunities piglets from adjacent machines to form in ministage by visual contact and gradual self-transition from machine to machine through holes in these walls.

2. The beginning of direct contact regulate the opening of the manhole.

These new significant features in conjunction with the known necessary and sufficient to achieve a technical result, in all cases to which the requested amount of legal protection.

The technical result is the following.

The struggle for leadership in piglets is evident immediately after birth and ends in 3-4 weeks when feeding them milk of sows. In early onyemah piglets from females up to 3 weeks, the struggle for leadership is terminated earlier, as when using group by enemies of the struggle for commonest doesn't happen all common. Ranked struggle piglets at an early stage of their development is less sharp and without any complications and in a shorter time. With the growth of piglets RAS the new struggle is more acute, with more severe consequences in the longer term due to a sharp increase in the activity of piglets during their growth.

The proposed method pigs-piglets due to the curiosity, the desire to communicate and hierarchical ranking (establishing leadership) get to know each other visually, for example, through the lattice part of the partitions between adjacent machines and gradually move from one machine to another through the holes in these walls for direct contact.

Formed by a group of pigs from animals of several machines is ministate with their leader and when moving in the machines section of the next cultivation period is not required hierarchical ranking. Piglets are calm and comply with earlier orders, stress does not occur.

With further growing pigs new Minister from adjacent machines contact between them, for example, through the latticed part maintenacne partitions visually.

This method of keeping pigs can increase their productivity, to avoid damage to hides and meat (bruises, wounds)that always accompany the strife when establishing leadership in the herd. All this contributes to increase the number and quality products.

If groups of pigs from adjacent machines p is OSTO mix, not applying the gradual habituation to each other, in the new minitage some time will be ranking the struggle to establish leadership. This struggle is accompanied with trauma and stress, resulting in reduced productivity of animals.

In contrast to the known methods and devices for the keeping of pigs, a new method and a new device allow a shorter period of time to minimize the impact of stress by grouping piglets at an early stage immediately after birth. At a later age piglets manifestation of rank fight is more acute and more complications due to the dramatically increasing the activity of piglets during their growth.

It is possible to perform grouping of pigs related machines and following after Oborona-lactation stages.

The feasibility of forming Ministat limited to the rational use of all of the functional properties of process equipment.

If you apply automatic smokorowski, it is necessary to take into account that they can accommodate from 30 to 70 pigs. Therefore, the formation of Minister should limit 3 partitions, because the herd consists of more than 70 heads.

At the end of fattening pigs at a processing point (slaughterhouse or meat packing plant) should also send the already formed the Ministers of the AMI, to avoid ranking the fight at this stage.

In General, the results using the new method of keeping pigs and devices for its implementation increases the productivity of animals by 7-10% and reduces the duration of growing pigs 20-30 days.

1 shows a device for implementing the method pigs grouped by miniestadi. Figure 2 shows the hole with the flap.

The device for implementing the method consists of sections 1, 2, 3 adjacent to each other. In each section there are machines 4, 5, 6 pigs. In these machines is provided by gates 7, 8 for input and output of animals in the passages 9, 10. Each machine is provided feeders 11, 12, and zone defecation of animals 13, 14. In section 1 of the feeder 11 individual, and in section 2 - smokorowski for dry feed 12. In the partitions between the sections 15, 16 is provided by the holes 17, 18 for independent movement of pigs from the previous in the following section according to the technological order, and for the formation of groups of animals related machines 4 grouped Minister in the walls 19 of these machines in addition to the lattice part 20 in the area of defecation 13 provided by the holes 21. Some of the partitions 22 machines 5 over an area of defecation 14 is grating 23. For overlapping holes 21 are provided in the flaps 24 with the guides 25 and lever 26. For Phi the compensation provisions of the valve 24 includes a latch 27.

Example 3-stage animals.

A group of pregnant sows for 1-2 days before farrowing deliver in section 1. After farrowing sows are kept with piglets suction boxes.

During this period, the piglets piglets through the grating portion 20 of the partition wall 19 between adjacent machines 4 communicate visually, and through the holes 21 in the same partitions move from machine to machine for direct contact. To do this, using the lever 26 will raise in the guides 25 of the valve 24 and fixed by the clamp 27 to the partition 19. During contacts between pigs is ranked struggle for leadership. It begins immediately after birth, piglets and ends at 3-4 weeks of age. The first direct contact should be made at the age of 7-14 days. After getting used pigs to each other and complete ranking of the struggle of the valve 24 open to continuous mode. In the group of piglets related machines 4 are formed grouped ministate.

Such grouped miniestadi piglets are all subsequent phases of growing and fattening, during which pigs visually communicate among themselves through the lattice portion 23 of the partition 22 adjacent machines 5 section 2.

Such a device lattice parts in the partitions of adjacent machines for visual kontaktierung the piglets may at any stage of the animals.

After the pigs slaughter conditions pigs are sent to meat or slaughter points, where they deliver ministeam or acceptance form groups of Ministat related machines, leadership which is already installed. So stressful situation is much simpler, because ministage from adjacent machines previously in contact with each visually, such as through a lattice of side walls between the machines.

In contrast to the known methods and devices for the keeping of pigs, a new method and a new device allow a shorter period of time to minimize the impact of stress by grouping piglets at an early stage immediately after birth. At a later age piglets manifestation of rank fight is more acute and more complications due to the dramatically increasing the activity of piglets during their growth.

It is possible to perform grouping of pigs related machines and following after Oborona-lactation stages.

Returning to the specific example 3-stages pigs, it would be possible to stage 2 in section 2 also apply the holes in the walls adjacent machines 15 and to form groups of piglets related machines ministage No. 2 machine 3-stage cultivation in section 3.

The feasibility of forming Ministat limited rationality to use the project for all the functional properties of process equipment.

If you apply automatic smokorowski, it is necessary to take into account that they can accommodate from 30 to 70 pigs. Therefore, the formation of Minister should limit 3 partitions, because the herd consists of more than 70 heads.

At the end of fattening pigs at a processing point (slaughterhouse or meat packing plant) should also send the already formed miniestadi to exclude rank fight at this stage.

In General, the results using the new method of keeping pigs and devices for its implementation increases the productivity of animals by 7-10% and reduces the duration of growing pigs 20-30 days.

The way pigs, including raising animals in machines of isolated sections, the transition which is produced according to the process order, characterized in that the form ministate of piglets from adjacent machines by creating the possibility of eye contact and gradual self-transition from machine to machine, the beginning of which regulate the opening of holes in their walls.



 

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1 ex, 2 tbl

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