Station of automated control of electric power supply network

FIELD: antitrouble control of electrical equipment and control of power flows in electric power supply networks.

SUBSTANCE: the station of automated control of electric power supply network has an automated controller's position composed of the central processor module, main and two auxiliary monitors, graphic manipulator, keyboard, printer, information processing unit, collective use panel, navigation receiver and a control unit, switchboard unit, communication panel, switchboard, VHF radio set with a receiver, feeder and an antenna, HF radio set with an antenna, information exchange device, data transmission equipment, operational communication equipment, power input unit with two AC external network channels connected to it, long-range communication adapter, lines input unit, long-range communication channels, connecting lines, customers service communication lines, automated manager's position comprising a central processor module, main and auxiliary monitors, graphic manipulator, keyboard, information processing unit, laser range finder and a control unit, as well as remote automated operator's positions.

EFFECT: enhanced efficiency of functioning and provided trouble-free operation of the electric power supply network.

4 cl, 4 dwg

 

Item automated control of the power supply network relates to techniques for the management of field objects and can be used to implement centralized emergency control elektrotehnicheskie means and manage power flow in the grid.

The supply of the field is determined by the reliability of power supply stations, largely depends on the correct operation and possible interoperability of existing power plants between them. The efficiency also contributes to streamlined management of the supply network.

Currently, there are different systems of management of power networks, including manual and automated control systems. For those and other management systems characteristic is the presence of the management body and the controlled object, and environment for the transmission of information between management and the managed object. As the transmission media can be used physical line, the communication channels and the power circuit power supply networks.

Known power supply system with failsafe device management, having in its composition of generators, bus output power, power regulators, contactor and microprocessor control units, and device for controlling power flow in a ring network [1, 2].

Known systems have insufficient reliability and they are not excluded cases of the emergence of a "chain" of emergency situations, especially when working in their field dramatically changing conditions (weather, physiographic conditions, and with deliberate negative environmental influences).

There is also an Autonomous regulatory system that provides selective control of power supply to the load group. In this system there is a device that is connected to each of the loads and generating control signals used for controlling the supply and de-energizing each of the loads [3].

The closest in technical essence of the present invention is the control, composition and structural diagram of which is given in [4].

Known control includes remote control, remote communication equipment operational equipment display equipment input commands, data transmission equipment, electronic computing machine (computer), the data channels and the channels operational telephony [4].

This control using the data-transmission equipment provides communication channels to receive information from a managed volume is the one and transfer it into the computer. The processing and analysis of information in computer data are given to show the situation, as well as produced teams that through the ADF is transmitted over a communication channel to a managed object. If necessary, the operator using the apparatus operative communication provides clarification of the situation on the managed object.

The disadvantages of this control are limited in their ability to collect and display information from the managed object and the low efficiency of its work.

The aim of the invention is to increase the efficiency of the operation and ensuring trouble-free operation of the electrical network.

This goal is achieved by the fact that in point of automated control power supply network that contains the remote control, the remote communication apparatus operative communication, data transmission equipment, personal electronic computing machine, the data channels and the communication channel, introduced the automated workplace of the Manager, including CPU module, the primary monitor, a graphical pointing device, a keyboard, a printer, a processing unit, the first and second auxiliary monitors, group display, the navigation device and the above-mentioned remote control, or enter the switching unit, commutato is, ultrashortwave radio with receiver, the feeder device and the antenna, shortwave radio with antenna, the device information exchange, adapter telecommunication, power input connected to the first and second channels of the external AC power, the unit of input lines connected to the connecting lines and subscriber lines, intercom, automated workplace of the head of the network, which includes the aforementioned personal electronic computing machine, made in the form of a module Central processor, main monitor, a graphical pointing device, a keyboard, a processing unit, an auxiliary monitor, and laser rangefinder, n remote workstations operator at first the inputs and outputs of the switching unit through the switch connected to the inputs-outputs of remote communication, second inputs and outputs of the switching unit is connected to the station side VHF radio sets, connected to the receiver and the input-output high-frequency part of the VHF radio sets through the feeder device is connected to the antenna, the third inputs and outputs of the switching unit is connected to the station side of shortwave radios, the high-frequency part which is connected to the antenna, the first, second, third and fourth the moves output module CPU workstation Manager via controllers are connected to the inputs-outputs, respectively, of the primary monitor, graphical pointing device, keyboard, and printer, the fifth input-output module Central processor through interface RS-485 is connected with the information input-output processing unit, the first, second and third inputs and outputs through which the respective controllers are connected to the inputs-outputs of the first and second auxiliary monitors and group display, the information input-output navigation receiver connected to the sixth input-output module Central processor, the second information inputs and outputs which interface RS-485 is connected to the inputs-outputs device information exchange, linear input-output which is connected to the fourth inputs-outputs of the switching unit, the fifth inputs and outputs which through interface RS-232C is connected to the inputs-outputs of the control workstation Manager, first line inputs-outputs of the switching unit through the apparatus operative connection connected to the first line inputs-outputs of the power input, the second linear inputs and outputs through the data communications apparatus connected to the second information input-output device of the information exchange, the second line inputs-outputs of the switching unit is connected with the first station inputs-outputs of the block in the ode lines, to which, through the subscriber line service connected remote workstations operators installed in power plants without automation, the second station input-output block input lines connected to line inputs-outputs-adapter communication distance, the first, second and third input-output module Central processor of the automated workplace of the head of the network through the controller connected to the inputs-outputs, respectively, of the primary monitor, a graphical pointing device and keyboard, the fourth input-output module CPU via RS-485 interface connected to an information input-output processing unit connected via RS-232 auxiliary monitor modules CPU workstation Manager and the head of the network are interconnected through an interface via RS-232, the information input-output laser rangefinder connected to fifth inputs-outputs module Central processor of the automated workplace of the head of network, information inputs and outputs of which are connected with the information input-output adapter, telecommunication, and information inputs and outputs of the control unit of the automated workplace of the head of the network is about RS-232C connected to the sixth inputs-outputs of the switching unit.

This objective is achieved in that the switching unit includes sequentially connected to the inputs-outputs of the unit for connection to external devices, the block switching field and the subscriber unit sets, switch channels and the control node, the third input-output unit switching fields connected with the first inputs-outputs of the channel selector, the first, second, third and fourth control inputs-outputs a control node connected to the control inputs-outputs, respectively, of the block for connection to external devices, block switching fields, block subscriber sets and switch channels, the first, second and third input-output unit of the subscriber sets are the first, second and third inputs-outputs of the switching unit, the fourth inputs-outputs which are the second input-output channel switch, the first and second linear inputs-outputs of the switching unit are respectively the fourth and fifth inputs and outputs of the block of subscriber sets, fifth and sixth inputs-outputs of the switching unit are respectively the first and second input-output unit connecting external devices through interfaces on the joints RS-232C connected to the inputs-outputs, respectively, control panels workstations Manager and h is the chief of the electrical network.

This goal is achieved by the fact that the remote workstation operator contains consistently connected to the inputs-outputs of the block matching, the adapter telecommunication and module Central processor unit receiving signals, monitor, keyboard, and power generation control commands, and the first, second, third, fourth and fifth inputs and outputs of the module Central processor via the interface RS-232 connected to the inputs-outputs, respectively, of the adapter of telecommunication, block signals, monitor, keyboard, and block the formation of management teams whose outputs are connected to the inputs of the actuators functional technological systems power supply stations the inputs of the block signals are connected to the outputs of the sensors and control circuits functional technological systems power supply stations, while the second input-output unit coordination are the inputs-outputs of each of the n remote workstations operator, which on modem interface connected to the inputs-outputs of the corresponding subscriber line intercom.

Comparative analysis of the prototype shows that the proposed paragraph automated control of the power supply network has new blocks: automated work is its designated Manager in the module Central processor, the main and two auxiliary monitors, graphical pointing device, keyboard, printer, processing unit, group display, a navigation receiver and remote control, the switching unit, the switch, VHF radio sets with the receiver, the feeder device and the antenna, shortwave radio with antenna, transmission devices, adapter telecommunication, unit power input connected to the two channels of AC power, unit of input lines connected to the channels of telecommunication, connecting lines and subscriber lines, intercom, automated workplace of the operator as part of a module Central processor, main and auxiliary monitors, graphical pointing device, a keyboard and a laser rangefinder, n remote workstations operator, installed in power plants that do not have automation control, as well as their relationships with other elements of the schema.

Thus, the claimed point of automated network management power supply meets the criteria of the invention of "novelty". The comparison of the proposed solutions with other technical solutions shows that the newly introduced in the proposed paragraph automated control devices and blocks are feasible, well-known to experts in the art and more art, given the following explanations for their reproduction is not required.

This solution differs significantly from the known in the art. The claimed solution is not obvious from the prior art and involves an inventive step.

This allows to conclude that the technical solutions according to the criterion of "significant differences"

The inventive solution can be implemented using existing equipment, instruments and devices used in electrical engineering and computer science, and is industrially applicable.

Figure 1 presents the structural electrical diagram of the proposed paragraph automated control of the supply network; figure 2 and 3 shows the structural diagram of the switching unit and the remote workstation operator, figure 4 shows a General view point of automated control power supply network.

Item automated control of the power supply network (see figure 1) contains workstation 1 Manager (arm-E) as part of a module of the CPU 2, the primary monitor 3, a graphical pointing device 4, a keyboard 5, a printer 6, the processing unit 7, the first 8 and second 9 auxiliary materials is inogo monitors, group display 10, the GPS receiver 11 and control unit 12, a switching unit 13, a switch 14, the remote connection 15, ultrashortwave station 16 with ultrashortwave receiver 17, the feeder device 18 and the antenna 19, shortwave radio station 20 with the antenna 21, the device information exchange 22, the data transmission devices 23, working on power circuits external AC power, the equipment is operational 24, working on power circuits external AC power, the power input 25, the first 26 and second 27 channels external AC power adapter telecommunications 28, block input lines 29, the channels 30 long-distance communications, the connector 31 of communications and subscriber line 32 network intercom workstation 33 of the head of the grid (arm-NC) consisting of module a CPU 34, a graphical pointing device 35, the primary monitor 36, a keyboard 37, the processing unit 38, the auxiliary monitor 39, laser range finder 40 and the remote control 41, n-42 remote workstations (421-42ninstalled in power plants that do not have automation control.

Switching unit 13 includes (see figure 2) block connecting external devices 43, block switching field 44, the subscriber unit sets 45, switch to the channels 46 and a control node 47.

Remote workstation 42 of the operator contains (see figure 3) block matching 48, adapter telecommunication 49, CPU module 50, the block signals 51, a monitor 52, a keyboard 53 and the forming unit control commands 54.

Figure 4 shows the appearance of the item, the automated network control power supply, the equipment is housed in a full metal body-van 55 on the chassis 56 of the terrain.

The first, second, third and fourth input-output module CPU 2 workstation 1 Manager via controllers are connected to the inputs-outputs, respectively, of the primary monitor 3, a graphical pointing device 4, the keyboard 5 and the printer 6, the fifth input-output module CPU 2 via the RS-485 is connected with the information input-output processing unit 7, the first, second and third inputs and outputs through which the respective controllers are connected to the inputs-outputs of the first 8 and second 9 auxiliary monitors and group display 10, an information input-output navigation receiver 11 is connected to the sixth input-output module CPU 2.

First the inputs and outputs of the switching unit 13 through the switch 14 is connected to the input-output is mi remote connection 15, second, the inputs and outputs of the switching unit 13 is connected to the station side VHF radio sets 16, connected to the receiver 17, and inputs and outputs high-frequency part of the VHF radio sets 16 through the feeder device 18 is connected to the antenna 19, the third inputs and outputs of the switching unit 13 is connected to the station side shortwave radio station 20, the high-frequency part which is connected to the antenna 21.

The second information input-output module CPU 2 workstation 1 Manager via RS-485 connected to the inputs-outputs device information exchange 22, the linear input-output which is connected to the fourth inputs-outputs of the switching unit 13, the fifth input-output by RS-232C connected to the inputs-outputs of the remote control 12 workstation 1 Manager.

The first line inputs-outputs of the switching unit 13 through the apparatus 24 of the operational connected with the first linear inputs-outputs power input 25, the second linear inputs and outputs through the data communications apparatus 23 is connected with the second information input-output device information exchange 22. The first 26 and second 27 channels external AC power is connected to the AC power input 25. The WTO is s line inputs-outputs of the switching unit 13 is connected with the first station inputs-outputs of the block input lines 29, the second station inputs and outputs which is connected to the line inputs-outputs-adapter communication distance 28. A connector block input lines 29 are connected to the telecommunication channels 30, the connector 31 and the subscriber line 32 intercom.

First, second and third input-output module CPU 34 workstation 33 of the head of the network through the controller connected to the inputs-outputs, respectively, of the primary monitor 35, a graphical pointing device 36 and the keyboard 37, a fourth input-output module CPU 34 via interface RS-485 is connected to the information input-output processing unit 38 connected via RS-232 with an auxiliary monitor 35. Modules 2 and 34 CPU workstation 1 Manager and head of network 33 are connected through an interface via RS-232, the information input-output laser range finder 40 is connected to the fifth input-output module CPU 34 workstation 33 head of network, information inputs and outputs of which are connected with the information input-output adapter distant connection 28, and the information inputs and outputs of the control unit 41 workstation 34 of the head of the network via RS-232C is connected to the staves and the inputs-outputs of the switching unit 13.

Each of the n remote workstations 42 operator is connected to the corresponding subscriber line 32 intercom.

The first input-output unit connecting external devices 43 of the switching unit 13 is connected with the first input-output unit of the switching field 44, the second input-output of which is connected with a station inputs outputs subscriber unit sets 45, and the third input-output unit of the switching field 44 is connected with the first inputs-outputs of the channel selector switch 46, the first, second, third and fourth control inputs and outputs control node 47 is connected to the control inputs-outputs, respectively, of the block connecting external devices 43, block switching fields 44, block subscriber sets 45 and switch channels 46, first, second and third input-output unit of the subscriber sets 45 connected respectively to the inputs-outputs of the switch 14, to the station VHF radio sets 16 and shortwave radio station 20, the fourth input-output unit of the subscriber sets 45 is connected to the station side apparatus operative connection 24, and the fifth of its inputs and outputs are connected with the first station inputs-outputs of the block input lines 29. The second input-output channel switch 46 is connected to line inputs-outputs give the tion information exchange 22, and second and third input-output unit connecting external devices 43 are connected through joints RS-232C information inputs-outputs, respectively, of the remote control 12 workstation 1 Manager and control panel 41 workstation 33 of the head of the network.

The first input-output unit approval 48 each remote workstation 42 operator (electrician) connected to line inputs-outputs of the adapter telecommunication 49, station inputs and outputs which interface RS-232 connected with the first inputs-outputs module Central processor 50, second, third, fourth and fifth inputs and outputs which interface RS-232 connected to the inputs-outputs, respectively, of block signals 51, a monitor 52, a keyboard 53 and the forming unit control commands 54, the outputs of which are connected to the inputs actuators functional technological systems power supply stations, the input unit receiving signals 51 are connected to the outputs of the sensors and control circuits functional technological systems power supply stations, and the second input-output unit approval 48 of each of the n remote workstations 42 operator on modem interface connected to the inputs-outputs of the respective subscribers the Russian line 32 intercom.

Workstation 1 Manager is designed for operational management of the supply network. This module CPU 2 performs the functions of receiving, processing and displaying information about management processes supply network, including performing the functions of control over the current technical condition of electrical tools network, ensuring trouble-free operation and control of the deployment and folding of the network elements. Module 2 provides connection the following external devices: main monitor 3 SVGA, hard disk drive (HDD) interface EIDE standard AT keyboard, two external devices via RS-232-C, the external device interface LPT and external storage on floppy disk (nhmd). The module also contains a watchdog timer, which provides a reset (cold restart) module in case of freezing the user's program. The time timer is set programmatically.

As a module of the Central processor 2 may be used in typical electronic computing machine VM-2401 or Board with microprocessor type Intel [5, 6].

The main 3, the first 8 and second 9 auxiliary monitors, group display 10 is designed to display information coming from the module cent the real processor 2 and the processing unit 7. On the primary monitor 3 displays information of an operational nature, on the first auxiliary monitor 8 shows the structure of the electrical network, the second auxiliary monitor 9 summarizes the characteristics of the electrical network, and the group display 10 shows a diagram of the electrical network with the binding elements to the map.

As the primary monitor 3, the first 8 and second 9 auxiliary monitors, group display 10 can be used digital LCD monitors type VIC-GC.

Graphical pointing device 4 and the keyboard 5 are used for manual input of information management network in the Central processor 2, and the printer 6 is designed to print the results of monitoring of the electrical network. These graphical pointing device 4, the keyboard 5 and the printer 6 are typical and can be used from the generic electronic computing machine VM-2401, and other computer equipment [6].

CPU module 2 in conjunction with the processing unit 7 are designed to handle the information circulating in the network management system of the supply, storage and distribution of data required in the channels and lines of communication to the managed objects (power plants) and to the point in the management of the superordinate system.

Remote control 12 workstation 1 Manager and remote control 41 workstation 33 of the head of the network and remote communication 15 together with the switching unit 13 and the switch 14 are used for telephony, data transmission and implementation of the data collection on the status of the network elements of power supply and transmission of control commands by telephone conversations.

Control panels 12, 41 and remote connection 15 are composed of negotiation-the calling device, a typical case keyboard decadal system and device information display on the front panel. Control panels provide control modes, channels and lines connected to the switching unit 13, and the ability to work on him with two jobs through the tubes (MT) or devices speakerphone (AGMS).

These panels 12, 41 and 15 can be performed in accordance with the description of the invention according to the patent of Russian Federation №2132596.

Ultrashortwave station 16 with the receiver 17, the feeder device 18 and the antenna 19 are intended for education duplex VHF radio and the ability to send it commands and data collection on the state of the electrical means of the electrical network, remote from the point of automatic control is to be placed at a considerable distance. As such station may be used radio RTM-A2-FM from complex radio communication systems "Granite" [7].

Shortwave radio station 20 together with the antenna 21 is designed for the education standard of the radio channel voice frequency used to transmit commands for controlling electrical means, removed to a considerable distance from the control point. As such station may be used radio type RT-300-2-OM the complex radio communication systems "Spring" [7].

Device exchange information 22 contains the receivers of the call, the transceiver and is intended to transmit and receive control commands electrical means of telecommunication channels and subscriber line service communication through the switching unit 13 by alternately connecting mode oceansea data. After transferring the data mentioned channels and lines of communication are switched back to the telephone.

The device information exchange 22 together with the switching unit 13 provides broadcast on channels and subscriber line service communication signal transmit-receive data generated by the module CPU 2 workstation 1 Manager.

The data communications apparatus 23 is intended to implement is tvline data exchange between the control point and the controlled electrical means for the power circuits of channels external AC power. As such instrument may be used in the data transmission equipment type APD-MA for the exchange of alphanumeric information on the voice frequency channels, news channels and physical communication lines with transmission speeds from 50 to 9600 bit/s [8].

Apparatus operative connection 24 is designed to conduct telephone conversations via the communication channels that were formed on the power circuits of channels external AC power. As such equipment can be used dispatching radio train dispatch communication with tone selective calling type RST-1-61, technical features which are described in [7].

Workstation 33 of the head of the network module CPU 34, 35 main and auxiliary 39 monitors, graphical pointing device 36, a keyboard 37, the processing unit 38 and the remote control 41 is intended for management accounting and analysis process management power supply network, including the assessment of the pre-emergency situations, the analysis of the condition of the equipment and causes of downtime, identify bottlenecks and reserves, the detection of energy, raw materials and semi-finished products, analysis of technical and economic parameters, to identify deviations from the norms of consumption of raw materials and energy, the calculation is Agnico-economic parameters planning and other tasks.

Navigation receiver 11 workstation 1 Manager and a laser rangefinder 40 workstation 33 of the head of the network are the means of navigation support and are designed for self-determination and the formation of a coordinate location of the point of automatic control and electronics network, workstation and display the location of the point and means of XPS on the electronic map (group display 10), providing navigation and time information for use by the officials of the control point.

Part item control supply network also includes software designed to ensure the paired work of its elements and includes system software based on the operating system MS DOS and Windows, functional software and test software. The software comes loaded in hardware workstations Manager 1 and the head of the network 33.

Proposed paragraph automated network management power supply provides the following functions:

1) selection and implementation of the optimum is on track to achieve operation with consideration of variable composition Autonomous power networks (ASES) and conditions of the operational environment;

2) identification and control of optimal modes of USES, forecasting, warning and operational counter-developing emergency situations, the organization of the use of the provision of electrical means USES;

3) identification and implementation of countermeasures against abnormal processes in case of failure of the electrical means as a result of various external influences, the organization of repair and restoration of electrical tools, ASES;

4) ensuring trouble-free operation, control, deployment, clotting and maintenance of electrical tools, USES.

Proceeding from the above purpose, point of automated control provides the following modes of operation:

1) automatic collection of the service channels and processing of data on the technical condition of the electrical means of the electrical network. In the proposed paragraph automated control of the data collection is carried out in the electrical network, comprising up to thirty power plants at intervals of not more than 15 minutes during normal system operation, and in case of emergency (emergency) situation in the system information is delivered to the Manager control for 1 second;

2) automatic analysis of data on current the technical condition of the electrical means of the electrical network and recommendations the duty Manager about blocking potential emergency situations. The proposed clause analysis of data and development of recommendations is provided for no more than ten seconds;

3) full remote control in automatic and manual modes power plants, USES managed object on the ranges provided by the service channels. In the proposed control such opportunity is provided for the thirty-electric feeding stations on channels of telecommunication, subscriber lines, intercom, radio and the power circuits of channels external AC;

4) the decision of the information and calculation tasks management USES in the planning and implementation of activities of the electricity security of a managed object in the field.

Automatic collection of data about the current technical condition of the electrical means is carried out through various channels and the communication line, including:

a) physical subscriber line (AL) intercom;

b) long-distance communications and VHF radio;

C) in the strength circuits of channels external AC power.

Manager from your workstation 1 through module 2, the Central processor generates commands that are using the device information exchange 22 through the switching unit 13 and the block 29 input lines are transmitted over subscriber line services by the Oh connection on remote workstations (WARM) 42 operator or electrician, installed in power plants without automation. The power transmitted commands are perceived adapters telecommunication 49, part ARM 42, and through it passed to the login module Central processor 50.

Each ARM 42 module CPU 50 through the block 51 receives signals about the state of functional technological systems (e.g., power systems, cooling, ventilation of the engine of the power unit and other) power supply stations (FCS XPS), analyzes it and produces according to all the parameters and information about the state of the electrical means, through which the adapter telecommunication 49, block matching 48 are received in the subscriber line 32 intercom, and then through the block input lines 29, the switching unit 13, the data received by the device information exchange 22, which converts the received data into signals for transmission over the interface junction RS-485 input module CPU 2 workstation 1 Manager.

If there are deviations TCF EPS from normal output module CPU 50 receives control commands, which through the block formation 54 is transmitted to the actuating elements of the FCS XPS and under the action of which is adjusted parameters with deviations from the norm.

And the automatic collection of data about the state of the electrical means of the electrical network is also in the power circuits of channels external AC power. When this path for data transmission is formed as follows: CPU module 2, the device information exchange 22, the data communications apparatus 23, the power input 25, the first 26 or second 27 channels external AC power input power station, adapter telecommunication and CPU module included in the workstation that is installed in the power station.

Automatic collection of data about the state of the electrical means, remote from the point of automated control over significant distances, carried out by telecommunication channels 30 and radio, educated VHF radio channel 16 with the receiver 17 and KB radio station 20. This tract data is formed from module CPU 2 workstation 1 through the device information exchange 22, the switching unit 13 to the input of a VHF / UHF radio 16 KB or radio station 20. Then from the output of the antenna 19 or 21 data goes into the ether and are accepted at the opposite end of a similar VHF or KB radio stations, with output channels which data on physical lines come through the adapter communication distance on workstations installed in power supply stations.

Summary data about the state of the electrical cf the of funds with module CPU 2 workstation 1 dispatcher for interface RS-232 interface are transmitted to CPU module 34 workstation 33 of the head of the network for analysis and transmission by telecommunication channels 30 and the connecting lines 31 from stations in the telephone network of General use aggregated data in the parent item of automatic control. The data output module CPU 34 through the adapter 28 and telecommunication block input lines 29 are received in the channel distant connection 30 and a connecting line 31, next to the telephone exchange to the telephone network of General use, which includes the upstream control point.

Automatic analysis of the data about the current technical condition of the electrical means of the electrical network and development of recommendations for the duty Manager about blocking potential emergencies is done using a module of the CPU 2, the primary monitor 3, the processing unit 7, the first 8, second 9 monitors and group display 10. When this is displayed on the primary monitor 3 generalized data supply on the first 8 auxiliary monitor the structure of the electrical network, and the second 9 auxiliary monitor data on its basic characteristics (power, fuel, and others). Group display 10, which shows a diagram of the electrical network with reference to the placement of elements on the ground to the coordinates of the topographic maps, the call is employed to select a particular path and means for providing the necessary control commands electroepitaxy stations and thereby to prevent them in emergency situations.

Solution information and calculation tasks management USES in the planning and implementation of activities of the electricity security of a managed object in the field is provided by workstation 33 of the head of the electrical network. The data on the state of the managed object, which is the electrical network, the head of the network receives a module Central processor 34 via the CPU module 2 workstation 1 Manager, and commands and instructions from the parent control point, proceed to the workplace 33 through the adapter 28 and telecommunication block input lines 29 through the channels communication distance 30 and the connecting lines 31 from the telephone network of General use.

Set and the input patterns to the network management is provided using a standard keyboard 5 workstation 1 Manager and keyboard 37 workstation 33 of the head of the network.

If the damage is automation provides the option of manual control electrical means network. To do this, use the remote control 12 and 41 workstations Manager 1 and the head of the network 33 through which the channels of telecommunication, radio, connecting lines, and ABO the Agency lines intercom control over the phone by transmission of commands and conversation.

Technical efficiency of the proposed paragraph automated control of the power supply network is to ensure uninterrupted and reliable supply of objects in the field, achieved by eliminating the full energy of electrical accidents funds network, blocking and warnings chained accidents, as well as in improving and facilitating the work of the staff's control, making decisions on management of Autonomous systems and means of supply.

Made a layout point of automated network management power supply mounted in the back of the van C on the chassis of the all terrain vehicle KAMAZ-43101, tests showed reliable his work and confirmed the achievement of the present invention is the goal. However, as mentioned above, information about the emergency (emergency) situation on the electricity grid comes to the workplace Manager for one second, and develop recommendations to improve management efficiency and to ensure trouble-free operation of electrical tools network is provided for no more than ten seconds.

Sources of information

1. EN, copyright certificate №738045, CL 02J 3/06, 1980.

2. GB application No. 2102219,CL 02J 9/06, 1983.

3. US patent No. 4153936, CL 02J 3/00, G05 19/00, G06F 15/56, 1979.

4. Volotsky A.N. Telephone systems operational management. - M.: Communication, 1974, p.23 (prototype).

5. Levin A. Self explanatory work on the computer, 7th edition. - SPb: Peter, 2002.

6. Figurov WE IBM PC user. Ed. 6-e, revised and enlarged extra - M.: INFRA-M, 1996.

7. Sraer FI Equipment industrial and institutional communication. The Handbook. - M.: Communication, 1974.

8. Technical means of ACS: a Handbook. 2 so T2. Technical tools computer SM / Under the General editorship Gbessia. - L.: Engineering. Leningrad. separa-tion, 1986.

1. Item automated control of power supply network that contains the remote control, the remote communication apparatus operative communication, data transmission equipment, personal electronic computing machine, the data channels and the communication channel, characterized in that it introduced the automated workplace of the Manager, including CPU module, the primary monitor, a graphical pointing device, a keyboard, a printer, a processing unit, the first and second auxiliary monitors, group display, the navigation device and the above-mentioned remote control, or enter the switching unit, the switch, ultrashortwave radio with receiver, feeder device and ante is Noah, shortwave radio with antenna, the device information exchange, adapter telecommunication, power input connected to the first and second channels of the external AC power, the unit of input lines connected to the connecting lines and subscriber lines, intercom, automated workplace of the head of the network, which includes the aforementioned personal electronic computing machine, made in the form of a module Central processor, main monitor, a graphical pointing device, a keyboard, a processing unit, an auxiliary monitor, and laser rangefinder, n remote workstations operator first inputs-outputs of the switching unit through the switch is connected to the inputs-outputs of remote communication, second inputs and outputs of the switching unit is connected to the station side VHF radio sets, connected to the receiver and the input-output high-frequency part of the VHF radio sets through the feeder device is connected to the antenna, the third inputs and outputs of the switching unit is connected to the station side of shortwave radios, the high-frequency part which is connected to the antenna, the first, second, third and fourth input-output module CPU workstation di is petchara by controllers connected to the inputs-outputs, respectively, of the primary monitor, graphical pointing device, keyboard, and printer, the fifth input-output module Central processor through interface RS-485 is connected with the information input-output processing unit, the first, second and third inputs and outputs through which the respective controllers are connected to the inputs-outputs of the first and second auxiliary monitors and group display, the information input-output navigation receiver connected to the sixth input-output module Central processor, the second information inputs and outputs which interface RS-485 is connected to the inputs-outputs device information exchange, linear input-output which is connected to the fourth inputs-outputs of the switching unit, the fifth inputs and outputs which through interface RS-232C is connected to the inputs-outputs of the control workstation Manager, first line inputs-outputs of the switching unit through the apparatus operative connection connected to the first line inputs-outputs of the power input, the second linear inputs and outputs through the data communications apparatus connected to the second information input-output device of the information exchange, the second line inputs-outputs of the switching unit is connected with the first station inputs-outputs of the block in the ode lines, to which, through the subscriber line service connected remote workstations operators installed in power plants without automation, the second station input-output block input lines connected to line inputs-outputs-adapter communication distance, the first, second and third input-output module Central processor of the automated workplace of the head of the network through the controller connected to the inputs-outputs, respectively, of the primary monitor, a graphical pointing device and keyboard, the fourth input-output module CPU via RS-485 interface connected to an information input-output processing unit connected via RS-232 auxiliary monitor modules CPU workstation Manager and the head of the network are interconnected through an interface via RS-232, the information input-output laser rangefinder connected to fifth inputs-outputs module Central processor of the automated workplace of the head of network, information inputs and outputs of which are connected with the information input-output adapter, telecommunication, and information inputs and outputs of the control unit of the automated workplace of the head of the network is about RS-232C connected to the sixth inputs-outputs of the switching unit.

2. Item automated control according to claim 1, wherein the switching unit includes sequentially connected to the inputs-outputs of the unit for connection to external devices, the block switching field and the subscriber unit sets, switch channels and the control node, the third input-output unit switching fields connected with the first inputs-outputs of the channel selector, the first, second, third and fourth control inputs-outputs a control node connected to the control inputs-outputs, respectively, of the block for connection to external devices, block switching fields, block subscriber sets and switch channels, the first, second and third inputs and outputs block subscriber sets are the first, second and third inputs-outputs of the switching unit, the fourth inputs-outputs which are the second input-output channel switch, the first and second linear inputs-outputs of the switching unit are respectively the fourth and fifth inputs and outputs of the block of subscriber sets, fifth and sixth inputs-outputs of the switching unit are respectively the first and second input-output unit connecting external devices through interfaces on the joints RS-232C connected to the inputs-outputs, respectively cockpits automated the jobs Manager and head of the electrical network.

3. Item automated control according to claim 1, characterized in that the remote workstation operator contains consistently connected to the inputs-outputs of the block matching, the adapter telecommunication and module Central processor unit receiving signals, monitor, keyboard, and power generation control commands, and the first, second, third, fourth and fifth inputs and outputs of the module Central processor via the interface RS-232 connected to the inputs-outputs, respectively, of the adapter of telecommunication, block signals, monitor, keyboard, and block the formation of management teams whose outputs are connected to the inputs of the actuators functional technological systems power supply stations, the input unit receiving signals are connected to the outputs of the sensors and control circuits functional technological systems power supply stations, while the second input-output unit coordination are the inputs-outputs of each of the n remote workstations operator, which on modem interface connected to the inputs-outputs of the corresponding subscriber line intercom.

4. Item automated control according to claim 1, characterized in that the equipment item is posted in the all-metal body-wagon mounted on the chassis of the car the île-terrain, the van body is divided into two compartments: the anterior and posterior compartments, the front compartment is placed workstation Manager mentioned composition, the switching unit, the switch, the remote communication adapter of telecommunication, information exchange, ultrashortwave radio with receiver and an FM radio station in the rear compartment placed the automated workplace of the head of the network of the above-mentioned composition, and the feeder device VHF radio sets, antenna ultrashortwave and shortwave radio stations located outside the body of the van.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: distribution of electric power.

SUBSTANCE: the device represents a board (1) of electric power distribution in which one or more functional units have a compartment (3) of the switching device incorporating the primary and secondary functions. Compartment (3) of the switching device has together with the switching device (37): transmitters (36) of current and voltage, position pickups for interlocking human-machine interface (HNI) and a logic electronic unit (LEU) (4) and the respective local point (32) of configuration for configuration of the LEU (4). The LEU (4) realizes the functional monitoring, control, protection, communication and current monitoring unit and acts as a concentrator of information and solutions of the functional unit. The distribution board (1) has also an electric power supply section, section of input/output to the communication system.

EFFECT: expanded functional potentialities and eliminated excessive complication, reduced cost of the device.

8 cl; 7 dwg

Capacitor unit // 2302068

FIELD: three-phase power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: proposed capacitor unit has a number of three-phase sections, each incorporating three identical delta-interconnected single-phase power capacitors and three-pole three-phase switches for connecting respective sections to three-phase supply mains; single-phase capacitors of sections are interconnected in series at first regulation stage within delta arms under minimal power conditions; in this case vertex of each delta section is connected to respective phase through first-stage switch, other delta vortices of sections being connected in pairs into ring circuit, that is, second vertex of first delta section is connected to third vertex of second delta section, second vertex of second delta section, to third vertex of third data section, second vertex of third delta section, to third vertex of first delta section; nodes of connection of second and third vertices are connected to second-stage switch for connection to third phase relative to phases of respective sections.

EFFECT: simplified design, reduced cost.

1 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: electric engineering, possible use in electro-energetic systems and in electric supply systems.

SUBSTANCE: method for increasing dynamic stability of synchronous electric machines includes additional acceleration or braking of synchronous electric machines, performed by shifting of resulting magnetic flow of rotor simultaneously with mechanical turning of stator towards relative deviation of rotor in case of perturbation.

EFFECT: increased speed of operation of electromagnetic effect on rotor of synchronous electric machine.

Electric system // 2295816

FIELD: electric engineering, possible use for transferring electric energy in electric networks with isolated neutral.

SUBSTANCE: in subject electric system, aside from usage of counter-phased connection of electric energy sources, making it possible to make electric transfer line four-wired and, subsequently, to decrease losses of electric energy and voltage while maintaining same level of transferred power as in traditional two-circuit electric transmission line with six linear wires, for removal of non-symmetry it is suggested to introduce reactive elements included longitudinally into electric transfer line.

EFFECT: lifting of limitations on extent of electric system and its throughput.

9 cl, 8 dwg

Electric system // 2295816

FIELD: electric engineering, possible use for transferring electric energy in electric networks with isolated neutral.

SUBSTANCE: in subject electric system, aside from usage of counter-phased connection of electric energy sources, making it possible to make electric transfer line four-wired and, subsequently, to decrease losses of electric energy and voltage while maintaining same level of transferred power as in traditional two-circuit electric transmission line with six linear wires, for removal of non-symmetry it is suggested to introduce reactive elements included longitudinally into electric transfer line.

EFFECT: lifting of limitations on extent of electric system and its throughput.

9 cl, 8 dwg

FIELD: electrical engineering; transformer units for electrified railway transport.

SUBSTANCE: proposed transformer unit has three-phase transformer incorporating primary winding and secondary winding whose two finishing phase leads are interconnected to form common point and starting leads are designed for connection to supply mains. Novelty is introduction of two booster transformers; secondary winding of each of them has at least one voltage regulation device. Each booster transformer has finishing lead of its secondary winding connected to starting lead of respective secondary-winding phase of three-phase transformer and starting lead, to respective section of contact system. Common point of finishing leads of two secondary-winding phases are connected to track rail.

EFFECT: reduced currents and power loss in contact system, improved balancing of supply mains phase currents due to ability of voltage regulation.

1 cl, 5 dwg

Mobile power plant // 2295189

FIELD: power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: proposed mobile power plant designed to supply field equipment with 400-V, 50-Hz power in case of failure of power network has two power sets, each incorporating power installation that has motor, functional auxiliary systems, frequency correction unit, sensor unit, actuator unit, and parameter control unit; it also has generator system incorporating AC generator, voltage correction unit, voltage regulator, power set control board, switching device incorporating three switches, circuit input unit, two consumer power lines, and power mains supply line; mains monitoring unit, computerized emergency control system incorporating data acquisition and processing unit, control unit, power plant control unit, computer system, and data transfer unit with communication lines of superior control system connected thereto.

EFFECT: enhanced reliability of power supply to users.

8 cl, 7 dwg

FIELD: electrical engineering; three-phase capacitor bank switching apparatuses.

SUBSTANCE: proposed device designed for use in power lines to enhance quality standards in AC power systems by reducing level of switching surges caused by inrush currents when three-phase capacitor bank is switched over has three delta-connected capacitors with their intermediate vertex connected directly and extreme ones, through two electronic power switches built around bipolar pair of thyristors, to phase B and phases A, C, respectively,; it also has null detector, threshold element, four AND gates, delay circuit, control voltage supply, NOT gate, and charging module set up of series-connected resistor and thyristor; delay circuit can be have fixed phase shift through 180 el. deg.

EFFECT: enlarged functional capabilities.

2 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: electrical engineering.

SUBSTANCE: proposed method used to enhance quality characteristics of electrical energy supplied to users susceptible to impact of negative factors of electrical-energy higher harmonic components includes generation of higher harmonic components of current in network which are acting in phase opposition relative to higher harmonics of supply mains.

EFFECT: enhanced quality characteristics of electrical energy supplied to users.

1 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: electrical engineering.

SUBSTANCE: proposed method used to enhance quality characteristics of electrical energy supplied to users susceptible to impact of negative factors of electrical-energy higher harmonic components includes generation of higher harmonic components of current in network which are acting in phase opposition relative to higher harmonics of supply mains.

EFFECT: enhanced quality characteristics of electrical energy supplied to users.

1 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: experimental equipment, possible use in stands for testing mechanical properties of structures.

SUBSTANCE: multi-channel loading system contains a controlling computer, hydro-power source and tracking loading channels with check force connection. Loading channel includes digital controller, hydro-cylinder and dynamometer with inbuilt normalizing amplifier, servo-valve, mounted on it. Loading channel additionally contains generator of load-setting signals, while generator and regulator are mounted on hydro-cylinder and connected to controlling computer by field bus interface.

EFFECT: increased reliability and increased manufacturability of a multichannel system.

2 dwg

FIELD: experimental equipment, possible use in stands for testing mechanical properties of structures.

SUBSTANCE: multi-channel loading system contains a controlling computer, hydro-power source and tracking loading channels with check force connection. Loading channel includes digital controller, hydro-cylinder and dynamometer with inbuilt normalizing amplifier, servo-valve, mounted on it. Loading channel additionally contains generator of load-setting signals, while generator and regulator are mounted on hydro-cylinder and connected to controlling computer by field bus interface.

EFFECT: increased reliability and increased manufacturability of a multichannel system.

2 dwg

FIELD: technology for testing and controlling systems or elements thereof.

SUBSTANCE: spark-safe instrument for technical service in field conditions includes connectors, first and second elements for accessing data transfer environment, while first element for accessing data transfer network is made with possible communication in accordance to first industrial communication protocol standard, second element for accessing data transfer network is made with possible communication in accordance to second industrial communication protocol standard, processor, keyboard, display, and also either infrared port or replaceable memory block, or memory extension block. Invention includes diagnostic methods, realized by spark-safe instrument for technical service purposes in field conditions.

EFFECT: simplified display of diagnostic information.

11 cl, 7 dwg

FIELD: electrical communication networks, radio technique, computing technique.

SUBSTANCE: apparatus for controlling system of objects includes power conductor connected to autonomous electric power source; adapters connected between power conductor and objects. Adapters forming together with objects control circuits are programmed for setting timing of data receiving. Power conductor serves simultaneously for transmitting data. Adapters are made with possibility of taking noises into account. Adapter connected between power conductor and autonomous electric power source is made with possibility of simultaneous transmission of data between all other adapters while taking into account time moments of noise occurring and with possibility of regulating voltage of electric power source. Adapter for such apparatus is also offered in description of invention.

EFFECT: improved quality of control process.

2 cl, 7 dwg

FIELD: automation of processes with usage of field devices.

SUBSTANCE: method is realized in control device by means of operation program, which for parameterization in dialog mode is connected to field device via data transfer bus, and which has no access to device description, which describes behavior of field device in autonomous mode. Technical result is achieved because operation program connects to copy of software program of device executed in field device, realizing imitation of field device in dialog mode.

EFFECT: simplification and lower costs of programming.

8 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: connecting controller may be used in gas transportation systems.

SUBSTANCE: connecting controller contains electric interconnection, which connects a set of input ports to processor and memory. In accordance to invention, marked data may be grouped in time and space by means of central computer using attributes. Processor may utilize aforementioned data to constantly monitor, determine parameters and control the whole gas transportation system.

EFFECT: controller precisely distributes system events in time and space, using marked data for this purpose, resulting in increased efficiency of system, control over repairing of breakdown, capacity for planning of advance technical maintenance and routine maintenance.

5 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: technology for automatic modeling of system for controlling process, wherein elements of user interface are organized in tree-like structure, reflecting topography of elements in process control system.

SUBSTANCE: each element is assigned to at least one input window, having a set of attributes for setting up and/or monitoring target device, controlled in system for controlling process. Current organization of tree-like structure is recorded as project, and list of all windows, opened during one and the same operation, and also attributes, are recorded as work session, by means of which state of elements is restored during repeated loading of process control system.

EFFECT: improvement of complicated structure of model of real system, positioning of involved graphical elements and information transfer.

3 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: pressure regulator, namely regulator power saving operation method and system providing selective turning on and off separate components of regulator in order to reduce power consumption.

SUBSTANCE: controller and each separate sensor are activated when it is necessary to read sensor data for sampling period. It reduces power value consumed by pressure regulator system. Additional actions for saving power are realized due to using battery pickup for controlling capacitance of battery of pressure regulator and due to changing operation mode of pressure regulator to power saving mode as battery capacitance decreases.

EFFECT: increased time period of pressure regulator maintenance due to its operation in mode of power saving.

47 cl, 19 dwg

FIELD: technology for controlling meteorological protection, possible use for actively influencing atmospheric processes to alter weather conditions.

SUBSTANCE: system for controlling meteorological protection of populated territories provides automated coordination of active point effects onto centers of micro-physical processes in atmosphere of protected populated territories in moments of their appearance, if locations of centers of these processes, fields of geo-potential and components of local data characterize processes as potentially dangerous.

EFFECT: increased level of meteorological protection of populated territories, provision of trustworthy advance notifications to population concerning insurmountable and potentially dangerous catastrophic atmospheric events, decreased costs of system installation and of system operation maintenance.

3 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: computer systems engineering, welding systems, possible use for providing welding architecture to make possible interactive realization of remote configuration, monitoring, control and business operations in distributed environment, wherein welding processes are performed.

SUBSTANCE: system includes at least one welding device, operatively connected to network server, network interface and network for exchanging data with at least one remote system. Remote system includes at least one remote interface for exchanging data with network architecture. Remote system is made with possible request of at least one HTTP socket for setting up connection to welding device through network, loading at least one application from welding device and communication with at least one welding application socket through at least one application for exchanging information between welding device and remote system. At least one appropriate includes at least one of components: welding configuration component, welding monitoring component and welding control component. Method for provision of distributed welding architecture includes stages, at which: welding device is connected to network interface. For setting up network connection through network interface to remote system, at least one socket is used: HTTP socket or welding application socket, where HTTP socket is used for exchanging data with remote systems. Structure of data, providing welding protocol, includes at least one of following fields: field of options/flags, field of order of messages, message status field, data length field, data field, server commands field, server command identifier field, server command arguments field, machine field, machine address field, field of identifier of method/property and field for arguments of method/property.

EFFECT: decreased time and labor costs related to technical maintenance and adjustment of multiple welding devices and systems.

6 cl, 22 dwg

FIELD: processes for controlling metal cutting machine tools, namely number program control machine tools.

SUBSTANCE: method comprises steps of forming control signals, feeding them to step motors of machine tool. In order to enhance automation degree and quality of worked parts, control signals are generated on base of data of interaction between two-dimensional images of objects taking part in cutting process and formed on screen of computer monitor when contour of blank image is changed for imparting to it shape of ready part.

EFFECT: enhanced automation degree, improved quality of parts.

Up!