Tricycle

FIELD: transport engineering; microcars.

SUBSTANCE: each of three supports of tricycle consists of two wheels arranged in tandem. Rear wheels 12, 13 and side wheels 14, 15 are axially paired. Engine 4 with coaxially connected generator-starter 5 are arranged longitudinally in pylon 3, their bodies being parts of load-bearing structure of pylon. Body 1 is provided with rear end face 16 rigidly connected with longitudinal beam 17 arranged in guide rollers 28-30. Steering gear of front wheels 6, 7 has turnable posts 8, 9 rigidly coupled with half-forks. Place of coupling of turnable posts 8, 9 with half-forks is located between hinge joints of posts 8, 9. Windows of body are round, with twin contacting glasses provided with similar holes which can be aligned at rotation of glasses.

EFFECT: provision of uniform distribution of load among wheels to increase cross-country capacity and stability at braking.

4 cl, 8 dwg

 

The invention relates to a tricycle vehicles, in particular to the transfer.

Known three-wheeled vehicle comprising a fuselage with a forward managed support, nacelle, pylon and power unit (SU 1615022, 62D 61/00, 14.12.1988 year). This design is adopted for the prototype. Disadvantages:

1. The placement of the power unit in the nacelle increases the load on the side of the wheel, which degrades the controllability of the vehicle, especially in the absence of the passenger and his cross.

2. The front and rear wheels along the axis of the fuselage reduces rut, which makes the movement on unpaved roads, difficult to replace these wheels.

3. The implementation of entry-exit passengers through the hinged tail lamp unusual and difficult, and when there is a side door attenuated the fuselage needs to be reinforced doorway that aggravates the design and input-output is only on one side of the fuselage tricycle (T).

The purpose of the invention is to improve technical and operational qualities So To this end I So consisting of a fuselage pylon, nacelle, a power plant and three supports, consisting of two tandemly arranged wheels, side and rear wheel pairs pine, the power plant is located longitudinally in the pylon and the housing of the power plant are part of its supporting structure so the AI the fuselage is provided with a rigidly connected rear end door and longitudinal beam located in the guide rails to enable longitudinal displacement of the steering control of the front wheels is equipped with an adjustable uprights rigidly connected with polovinki between the upper and lower hinges racks, open fuselage is made round with a double contact and having the opportunity of the district offset glass, glass made of the same holes, equally offset from the center of the glass.

New distinctive features in comparison with the prototype are:

1. Side and rear wheels are pairwise aligned, the power plant is located longitudinally in the pylon and the housing of the power plant are used as parts of the supporting structure.

2. The fuselage is provided with a rigidly connected the rear door and longitudinal beam located in the guide rails to enable longitudinal movement.

3. Steering of the front wheels is equipped with an adjustable uprights rigidly connected with polovinki between the upper and lower hinges in the columns.

4. Open fuselage is made round with a double contact and having the opportunity of the district offset glass, glass made of the same holes, equally displaced considers the flax center of the glass.

Figure 1 shows x-scheme T, side view.

Figure 2 - view So top.

Figure 3 - view So in front.

Figure 4 is a view of So back.

Figure 5 is a view of the window of the cabin.

Figure 6 - section a-a figure 5.

Figure 7 is a section along B-B in figure 5.

On Fig - section b-b In figure 5.

So contains the fuselage 1, the nacelle 2, pole 3, which is coaxially and longitudinally installed engine 4 and the generator - starter motor 5, the supports consist of two front steered wheels 6, 7 with swivel racks 8, 9 and polovinki 10, 11, two rear wheels 12, 13, coaxially with the two side wheels 14, 15. The fuselage 1 has a rear end door 16, is rigidly connected with the longitudinal beam 17 that is installed on the guides in the longitudinal bench - seat 18. Round Windows 19, 20, 21 of the fuselage 1 has a double contact glass 22, 23, which are secured with retaining rings 24, the glass 22, 23 have the same holes 25, 26.

Reciprocating engine 4 coaxially with the generator - starter motor 5 is located in the nacelle 2. It has the following features:

1. Decreases the height of the power unit, evenly distributed load on all wheels So, especially if there are no passengers in the cabin. This increases the cross So on the road and stability under braking.

2. The location of the power unit near ST tricycle improves its handling.

3. Upgrade blunt to the engine 4 and the generator-starter motor 5 in the repair and replacement.

4. The motor housing 4 and the generator 5 are used as parts of the power elements of the pylon 3.

5. The presence of the output power shaft front and rear of the power unit provides the possibility of rotation of the motor shaft 4 in the repair and start-up, drive-mounted accessories and stationary units.

6. Easier is the heating of the cabin So using the heat of the engine 4.

Tandemly arranged rear 12, 13 and sides 14, 15 of the wheel pairs pine. This increases the total base So and improves handling, become short and closed power elements supports lateral axes 14, 15 and rear 12, 13 of the wheels, which reduces overall weight, increases stiffness and strength design. Increases the maximum angle of slope overcoming, because the load is distributed evenly on the back 12, 13 and sides 14, 15 of the wheel.

The fuselage 1 has a mechanical door 16, is rigidly connected with the longitudinal beam 17, which is moving on the rollers 28, 29, 30, the roller 28 is mounted on the beam 17 and communicates with the upper part of the bench-seat 18, the rollers 29, 30 are installed on the bench-seat 18 and communicate with the lower part of the beam 17. Beam 17 has a protrusion 31 which limits the size of the nomination of the door 16. Features of this design solution:

1. A large doorway when the door is open 16.

2. The possibility of entry and exit on both sides So

3. Simple is e rectilinear movement of the door 16 reduces the necessary effort and simplifies achieving a reliable seal of the doorway.

4. If necessary, the length of the cabin So it may be increased by the extension of the door 16.

5. For emergency braking, it is possible to use the door 16 as aerodynamic decelerator by extension, with lateral dimensions So do not increase.

So has three seats with backs 32, 33, 34 from the driver and two passengers, on the bench-seat 18 between two passengers with backs 33, 34 has space for a third passenger. And, with all passengers on the bench-seat 18 motorcycle way capacity So can be increased. The seat 35 of the driver hinged for easy entry and exit.

The limited width of the cabin So determines possible small lateral movements of the driver and passengers, with the soft lining on the walls of the cabin increases the security of the driver and passengers in the accident. Security in the longitudinal direction can be achieved simplified less constraining straps.

Behind the back 34 of the rear seat the entire width of the door 16 has a place for Luggage.

Management is So double lever 36 with two arms, the lever 36 is kinematically connected with a rotary racks 8, 9 of the front wheels 6, 7. Swivel 8, 9 are rigidly connected with polovinki 10, 11 between the hinges of the uprights 8, 9. It allows you to post hinges, to reduce the load on them, to increase the protects the face from dirt and dust by using corrugated covers between polovinki 10, 11 and the fuselage 1. Facilitated management So, decrease the wear of the hinges.

All the Windows 19, 20, 21 of the fuselage 1 round, the same or different diameter. The diameter of the large window 20 (21) allows the evacuation of passengers from the cabin. Box 19, 20, 21 have double contact glass 22, 23, which are rotating when removing the axial force generated by the locking ring 24 mounted in the groove with sloping Board, through the compression ring 24, acting on his bent ends 37, 38. After compression of the ends 37, 38 to contact with the remote ends of the curved roller 39 mounted on the axis 40, rigidly connected with the inner glass 23 may surrounded by offsetting the inner glass 23 together with the elastic ring 24 to partial or full alignment holes 25, 26 of the slides 22, 23. The outer glass 22 remains stationary due to the large amount of friction between it and the edges of the window 20 (21), for example due to the presence of a special composition. Change the location of the aligned holes 25, 26 may by exposure to hand on the wall aligned holes 25, 26 and rotate the glasses (with curly roller 39 and the ring 24 with the tight ends 37, 38). The holes 25, 26 in the Windows 22, 23 can be round or oval and functions adjustable air vents.

To release the window 20 (19, 21) of the glass 22, 23 must compatible with the networks of their holes 25, 26, then turn shaped roller 39 90° and compress the ends 37, 38 of the ring 24 to contact with the short end of a curved roller 39, and the ring 24 is completely out of the groove and is mounted concentric with the axis of the window 20 (19, 21) with three latches 41, 42, 43. Put your hand out through the aligned holes 25, 26, squeeze both glass 22, 23 from the window 20 (19, 21). Due to the presence of the Central axis 44 (with head), rigidly connected with the outer glass 22, the glass 22, 23 are combined and placed in the cabin in a special pocket. The loss of the elastic ring 24 can be removed by, for example, clamps, clamping tight ends 37, 38 of the ring 24.

The design of the Windows 19, 20, 21 has the features:

1. Minimally attenuated the fuselage.

2. It becomes possible to produce glass 22, 23 of different materials that best meet the conditions.

3. The presence of the adjustable window increases the comfort of the passengers.

4. The possibility of removal of glass 22, 23 of the Windows 19, 20, 24 increases comfort during normal operation and security in the accident.

5. It is easy to replace any glass 22 (23) or glass 22, 23 at their failure.

6. The details of the Windows 19, 20, 21 flat, plastic, adaptable, which makes them low cost.

7. The design becomes So original.

On gondola 2 PRA is th lamp 45 is shifted back towards the left. It does not affect the illumination of the road at night, the only lights up the front part of the fuselage 1, which may be beneficial for General information on the road. But this feature allows when approaching an oncoming car off the main beam only left headlight, leaving included the right. If this is well covered the right side of the road before the So and the front part So, and approaching oncoming car falls into the shadow of the fuselage 1 and So the driver is not blinded. Increased safety at night.

When you open the lantern 46 of the driver and shot glasses 22, 23 of the Windows 19, 20, 21 So becomes a convertible with a higher degree of security and good flow.

Cargo space on the pylon 3 provides Tons of quality truck capable of carrying even long goods (timber, boards, pipes).

So - versatile vehicle with hybrid propulsion, depending on operating conditions with all or part of the leading motor-wheels 6, 7, 12, 13, 14, 15. For better handling and road leading should be the wheels of both sides, while the number of leading wheels of the left side must be greater than or equal to the number of lateral wheels.

Harmonious layout, high-quality swivel 8, 9, far and easily retractable rear door 16, the presence of all of the Windows 19, 20, 21 with a "window" to ensure the more So good performance, handling, stability, braking, comfort and safety during operation and, if necessary, a greater length of the cabin. All of this increases the feasibility of quality So

1. Tricycle, comprising a fuselage, nacelle, pylon, power plant and three supports, consisting of two tandemly arranged wheels, characterized in that the side and rear wheel pairs are aligned, the power plant is located longitudinally in the pylon and the housing of the power plant are part of its supporting structure.

2. The tricycle according to claim 1, characterized in that the fuselage is equipped with rear door, rigidly connected with the longitudinal beam located in the guide rails to enable longitudinal movement.

3. The tricycle according to claim 1, characterized in that the steering control of the front wheels is equipped with an adjustable uprights rigidly connected with polovinki, place their link is located between the upper and lower hinges of the column.

4. The tricycle according to claim 1, characterized in that the fuselage is made round, double contact, with the possibility of the district offset glass, this glass is made of the same holes and equally offset from the center of the glass.



 

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