Method and device for executing a set of physical orders

FIELD: automated product distribution equipment for execution of a set of physical orders.

SUBSTANCE: device for execution of a set of physical orders contains information system and at least one center, formed by at least one sorting section, equipped with identification reading device like barcode reading device and a cabinet having a set of positions for placing products in set positions, each one of which positions is marked by a signaling means, aforementioned information system, realizing the stage of processing by computer means, and aforementioned center allow realization of stages of regrouping, grouping, final division and possible identification in accordance to the method for executing a set of physical orders.

EFFECT: accelerated execution of a set of physical orders.

2 cl, 15 dwg

 

The present invention relates to the design or execution of the lists of objects that form the physical order, that is, to the accumulation and dispatch of the products at the request of consumers.

More specifically the present invention relates to the creation of a method of distribution of products, which allows for the processing and movement of products quickly accumulate products, each of which contains the identification of the type of bar code, previously having them send to each of the final accumulation of the products corresponded to the list of products, which, in turn, corresponds to the physical order, and these products come from one or multiple vendors, or from one or more warehouses.

The present invention also relates to the creation of equipment for implementing the method in accordance with the present invention.

It should be borne in mind that the already known ways to implement many orders.

Many such methods are based on the following principle: "the order will search for the product". In particular, these methods include the so-called methods of "picking" or "ramassage" and their variants.

Also already known method explode, which is based on the inverse principle: "the product is sent to the order".

In accordance with this pic is one way accepted items are sorted by their articles. The operator then one takes the product of one article and puts them on pedestals (pallets) send the appropriate order. After all the articles will be distributed, will be ready all orders.

Products from a warehouse also globally collected in order then to post the articles, one after the other.

This method in some specific cases is a very productive.

However, usually do not distribute (not pass) products with less than 20 and more than 60 orders. These limits restrict the possible performance. Various articles are distributed one after the other on one and the stands, which leads to increased time diversity and to saturation coasters send orders.

Thus, in the case where it is desirable to process a large number of orders within a very short time (for example, 5,000 orders per day), which corresponds to 35,000 items storage and 200 000 articles in a tight stream, the method explode difficult to apply.

It is possible to produce waves orders of 50 or 100 pieces, and then, after sorting articles to produce diversity. However, a small number of articles on the article and on the wave makes the system completely absurd and not implemented on an industrial scale.

From French patent No. FR 2671201 and issued from the corresponding European patent number EP ITE the method of preparation of lists of objects, loaded into containers (cells), according to which objects are selected respectively in a predetermined amount in the cells of the set of storage objects, and specified training concerning one of the storage means, make use of a means of control objects that move in front of the store.

In this way it is proposed to perform weighing the number of objects in the cell that is selected directly from the container with the loaded objects, in order to reduce the amount of processing and be able to download the exact number of these objects.

Thus, we are talking about the way in which it is proposed to control the quantity and quality intended for distributing articles through the machine. However, this method is also not suitable for processing large numbers of orders within a very short period of time.

Also already known various types of equipment for the distribution of products, carried out by identification of each product by reading information from a means of identification of type of bar code.

In particular, known United States patent No. 5881890, which describes the distribution equipment correspondence. This equipment is a Cabinet with multiple locations, each of which is United with the your alarm, and each signaling is controlled unambiguous and certain manner in the function identification of the product during processing. Each location corresponds to one and only one product type, and each type of product combined with a single location.

This equipment is particularly well suited to the occasion sorting mail, when the location whose contents are then loaded into the mail bag, designed to be sent to one address only contains correspondence of the same type, namely correspondence with the same postal code.

Such equipment is not adapted for the preparation of specific orders when each package contains products that are different from products in other packages.

The present invention is to eliminate these disadvantages of the known prior art through the use of the method according to claim 1 of the claims.

This method is characterized by the fact that it includes:

at least one processing stage computing the contents of these orders, which consists in the rearrangement of these orders with the creation of many groups of orders, in accordance with at least one predetermined condition, and in the division (ungrouping) content of each group of orders in mn is the number of subgroups of orders;

at least m stages rearrangement of these products, and m is an integer equal to or greater than 1, consisting in the selection manually or automatically for each of these products, the information read from the identification information for each selected product and the temporary placement of each of the selected products in one location, combined with one group of products, in order to obtain an exact match between the product groups and groups of orders; and then

at least n stages of disaggregation of these products, and n is an integer equal to or greater than 1, comprising, for each group of products, the selection manually or automatically for each of these products, the information read from the identification information for each selected product and the temporary placement of each of the selected products in one location, combined with one subgroup of products, in order to obtain an exact correspondence between subgroups of products and subgroups of orders; and then

one final separation, comprising, for each subgroup of the products in the selection manually or automatically for each of these products, the information read from the identification information for each selected product and the temporary placement of each selected ed the lia in one of the locations, combined with one order.

Thus, the present invention relates to the creation of a method, according to which the orders and products are moving towards each other.

More specifically, in the method in accordance with the present invention it is proposed to make rearrangements, on the one hand, products that must comply with the orders, and, on the other hand, work orders, in order to obtain a reduced number of relevant product groups and orders, which accurately correspond to each other; that is, the first group of products contains only those items that are necessary to carry out the orders of the first group of orders, etc.

Thus, it remains only to provide, for each joined pair product group/group orders, compliance orders for products that must contain every order, pack and send orders.

Earlier stage rearrangements mainly conduct preliminary identification of these products, which consists in the selection manually or automatically, not ordered, each of these products, and to read information from identification information for each selected item.

After the implementation of stage and earlier stages of rearrangement of the set of orders mainly exclude Neuve is under orders.

Available products then intended mainly for one order in accordance with at least one defined rule.

In accordance with a preferred embodiment of the present invention integers n and m are mainly optimized to be small, whereas the ability to select products with the help of a human operator or machine.

In accordance with one embodiments of the present invention split the contents of each order group into multiple subgroups of orders produced in accordance with at least one specified condition.

Stages of rearrangement of disaggregation, the final separation and possible preliminary identification primarily performed in the center, which contains at least one sorting area, equipped, on the one hand, the reader identify the type of device to read a barcode that is connected with the information system for identification of each product, by reading information from a means of identification of type of bar code, and, on the other hand, a wardrobe, with many locations designed to accommodate the specified locations of the products in accordance with commands generated by using pointed to by the second information system, each of these locations noted with alarm that is managed using the information system.

In accordance with the preferred steps of rearrangement of disaggregation, the final separation and possible preliminary identification is carried out in a single centre using a device that is identical for each phase.

The present invention also relates to the creation of equipment for implementing the method of distribution of products in accordance with the present invention for each of the final accumulation of the products corresponded to the list of products, which, in turn, corresponds to the physical order, and the equipment is characterized in that it contains at least one center formed by at least one sorting area, equipped, on the one hand, the reader identify the type of device to read a barcode that is connected with the information system for identification of each product, by reading information from a means of identification of type of bar code, and the other hand, a wardrobe, with many locations for placement in specified locations of the products in accordance with commands generated the specified information system,and each of these locations noted with alarm, managed the specified information in the specified information system, responsible for processing, computing, and the centre allow the stages of rearrangement of disaggregation, the final separation and possible identification.

The signaling in accordance with the present invention in any case can not be taken for the signal lamp in accordance with U.S. patent No. 5881890. In accordance with this patent warning light permanently United with binomial "product-location". On the contrary, in accordance with the present invention means the alarm is not associated with the location. The same product may include (to light, to bring an action to activate. - Approx. translator) signaling, combined with the location And, then, for the product of the same nature, may include other means of signaling, combined with a location that differs from location A.

This is the main reason that despite the fact that these tools alarm (US patent No. 5881890 and in accordance with the present invention. - Approx. the translator) are structurally similar, they perform different functions and do not provide an equivalent means.

The equipment shall implement in accordance with the present invention these means alarm not integrated explicitly with one specific location and with one specific product, moreover, the information the system contains a digital table in which are registered in at least the ID of one order, one order, one location identifier, combined with the order, and a digital tag (flag)indicating for each of the items that comprise the order that the product already introduced (in order) or not, and information system controls the activation of one of the specified means of signaling one location in the function of an identifier of one product, using the means of identification, and sets the ownership of the product to the same team orders, one subgroup of order or to the same order, the United with one location.

Equipment in accordance with the present invention mainly contains at least one reception centre for the implementation of a possible preliminary identification and one of the Central division for the implementation of phases rearrangements, ungrouping and final separation, and each center represents, respectively, at least one sorting area, equipped, on the one hand, one microcomputer or similar device, connected to the said information system and associated with the reader identify the device type MF is tawania barcode, to identify each product by reading information from a means of identification of type of bar code, and, on the other hand, a wardrobe, with many locations for placement in specified locations of the products in accordance with commands generated using the specified computer.

Each of these locations and the specified Cabinet mainly contains the localization module, which has, for example, at least one light source, each localization module is connected directly or via other modules localization with the specified information system, mainly using the specified microcomputers, with the specified tool localization is enabled by means of the information system, and mainly using the specified microcomputer to supply commands to the placement of the identified products in the specified flagged location.

Each of these locations and the specified Cabinet mainly contains control means, each control means is connected directly or via other means of control with the specified information system, mainly using the specified microcomputers, with the inclusion of the specified control means manages information system, and mainly using the data of microcomputers for to ensure correct placement of the identified products.

The proposed equipment mainly contains a set (conjunction) of locations formed, for example, a series of locations or columns of locations, each set of locations includes means for identifying the type of bar code.

Each set of locations mainly formed by using at least one binding (lisse), supporting the guide system for fixing modules localization.

Each set of locations mainly contains a set of infrared emitters and multiple receivers of infrared radiation, and infrared emitters and infrared receivers are respectively opposite each other.

Each location mainly contains the identification of the type of bar code, for example, in the form of adhesive labels.

Each Cabinet is mainly a means of identification of type of bar code, for example, in the form of adhesive labels.

In addition, the equipment mainly includes transport racks (cabinets), intended for transportation of goods arriving in the center (centers) or coming out of it, and each hour transport contains the identification of the type of bar code, such as the er, in the form of adhesive labels.

In accordance with the present invention primarily serves the decision using the information processing with the help of software and the totality of hardware in order to perform a large number of orders within a very short period of time and with very high reliability.

In accordance with the present invention primarily serves well as a hardware-based solution, which integrated features to ensure the modularity of the system and its easy and fast reconstruction in accordance with many different situations.

In accordance with the present invention mainly serves to control the execution of orders using products coming from a warehouse and/or from a busy stream.

* We denote by the letter With a group (set, set. - Approx. translator) orders that need to be cooked.

* We denote by the letters PS group products in stock, necessary for execution of orders, and the combination of PS may be empty.

* We denote by the letters PF group of products coming in a tight stream, necessary for execution of orders, and the combination of PF may be empty.

The method in accordance with the present invention can be divided into the following ten for the Ah:

Task 1. Search theoretically feasible orders

* Compare PS card index available in stock products: definition subset (subset) PS1 PS available products. If such a comparison is impossible or impracticable, then PS1=PS.

* Compare PF with an index of expected incoming products: defining subgroups PF1 PF the expected products. If such a comparison is impossible or impracticable, then PF1 = PF.

* Calculation of subgroup C1 CS doable orders, using subgroups PS1 and PF1, using the rules for assigning priorities for orders that include products that are not in sufficient quantity to cover existing needs.

If the rule prioritization is missing, then the order (orders) is a priority order.

* Creating a system injective (one-to) explicit or implicit communication of orders subgroups C1 with products of subgroups PS1 and PF1, and each product is implicitly associated with a serial number.

Task 2. Registration and classification (split) into 2 subgroups products coming in a tight stream

* If PF1 is not empty, by reading a barcode or any other recognition systems, identification of all products arriving in a tight stream, forming, thus, a subgroup PF2.

This is thrupp may itself be formed from x subgroups, for example, one provider, plus one or more subsets of items left from the previous operation.

This identification can be done concurrently with other operations (see Task 7).

* Calculation of a subset PF3=PF1

Conjunction PF2 really accepted articles, applicable for orders of C1.

* Calculation of a subset of PF4=PF2-PF3 unused products that are pending or stored in the warehouse.

Task 3. Calculation of feasible orders after receiving products from a busy thread

When using inverse relationship injective relationship defined in Task 1, the calculation of the subset of C3 C1 doable orders from PS1 and PF3 and the subset C2 C1 pending orders, if C1=C2 in combination with C3.

Task 4. Calculation of savings (selection) products in stock

* if PS1 is not empty: calculating a subset PS2 PS1 products needed to fulfill orders C3, then

* global accumulation of stock products PS2, and this accumulation can be carried out using subgroups PS2_1, 1 PS2_2,...,PS2_Y, each of which is calculated in such a way as to optimize the way in warehouse or with the technical constraints imposed by the articles, or based on other criteria.

Let's call the PS3 a group of accumulated products, possibly broken into subgroups PS3_1, PS3_2,...,PS3_,

* if PF1 and PS1 are not pus is passed, the procedure proposed in Task 3, then 4, then 5, allows you to optimize the way due to the higher reliability of determining the quantity of products in stock. However, Tasks 3 and 4 can be inverted.

Task 5. The calculation of the final executable orders

When using inverse relationship injective relationship defined in Task 1, the calculation of a subset of C4 C3 feasible orders of PS3 and PF3 and a subset of C5 pending orders, C3=C4 in combination with C5. C5 is empty, if we accept the remains.

Group P4=PS3+PF3 forms a group of products used in the preparation of orders.

Group C4 and P4 represent groups of data (information), orders, and products that will be treated in the following Tasks and form a "logistics pair of orders - products, and these pairs can be represented mathematically using injective relations with C4 P4.

It should be borne in mind that some of the above Tasks 1-4 can not be executed at all or can be partially executed, or because some groups are empty, or because they consider that the quality of products in the warehouse or supplier does not meet the requirements when comparing groups.

The only consequence of this is that some injective communication or inverse relation can then "to indicate" empty subgroups, financial p is Tata which arise puzzles, reducing the performance of the method, but do not obstruct its implementation.

Task 6. Split orders

A subset of C4 break in accordance with the criteria that are most often associated with the logistic limitations (area of delivery, timing, lack of products, orders,...), n subgroups:

S, S,...C4_N1

If the number of orders is significant, then each of these subgroups are also divided into subgroups S, S,...4_1_N2 in accordance with the same criteria, or other criteria.

Thus, find n+1 levels of partitioning, where the integers N1, N2,..., and n represent the significant features of the invention, as they are specified in order to take into account the ability of the diversity of products with the help of a human operator or machine.

In practice, when processing manually on the first level of partitioning N is about 10, and at the last level may reach 100. When using the machine N can have a more significant value.

The parameter n can have values from 0 to 5.

It should be borne in mind that the following Tasks 7-10 are in work centers, which may be multiple, and processing can be done manually, partially automatically or fully automatically.

Task 7. First choice-separation of products

This task consists in the acceptance group P4 and in use is assured for each distributed articles already cited inverse relationship injective communication moreover, product sub-group P4, when there is a subgroup of level 1, are used to separate orders S, S, C4_N1.

Thus, a new function is one-to-one mapping (injective communication) C4_N1/P4_N1.

Task 7 can be performed, but this is not required, simultaneously with the execution of Task 2, for products coming in a tight stream, that is, act as follows:

To produce a diversity of products PF2 using one-to-one mapping of C1 in PF1 and put in a cell problematic items of the subset of PF4. If PF2 is divided into x sub-groups, then the result is x times N1 subgroups PF3_x_N1 and the corresponding injective connection.

Then you can perform the Task 7 for products of subgroups PS3, which in turn consists of subgroups PS3_1, PS3_2, PS3_Y, resulting in a gain of subgroups PS3_y_N1.

In practice, the group R4 is not always pass only once.

The importance of the present invention is that it allows the formation of many subgroups PS3 or PF3, which provides a high flexibility of the method.

Task 8. The first rearrangement

Produce a rearrangement of the set of subgroups PF3_x_N1 and PS3_y_N1 in accordance with the criterion of N, thereby producing a rearrangement of the main subgroups P4_N1.

Task 9. The N-th choice-division (Il is regrouping)

For each of the following levels split orders when using injective relations of the previous level, produce new products separation of subgroups P4_N1 on P4_N1_N2 subgroups.

While getting injective communication C4_N1_N2/P4_N1_N2.

It should be borne in mind that when the second selection are excluded products P4, which cannot be used (because the orders (C5) cannot be performed due to the lack of products in stock).

You can also each time you make rearrangements (for example, for orders of the same product or for orders that are prepared at a different time).

Task 10. The last division

When making the last choice produce a diversity of products for each of the unitary orders, which then only have to pack and send to the customer.

Implementation of orders within a very short period of time, it is effective to send the ordered products is important for the development of commercial sites on the Internet and, more generally, for sale by mail.

Thus, the orders received during the day, come:

* For products available in stock, if orders are received before 10 o'clock in the morning of day J: sending night for delivery the next day (J+1);

* For products from a busy thread: orders are issued with a delay of 24 to 48 hours in C the dependence from receipt of goods from suppliers.

Acceptance of goods is usually from 6 to 10 a.m. Thus, products are available for order preparation, from 10 a.m.

Send orders must be previously 18 hours (the limit of the carrier for delivery the next day).

Thus, there are many specific restrictions:

* Specific restriction n° 1: the Period of preparation and sending of 4 to 8 hours

E-Commerce makes to have a very high standard of quality of preparation, in particular, for direct sale to the consumer" or "in" or in the area of supply of spare parts.

. Specific restriction n° 2: a Very large number of orders

Modern streams are moderate, however, under the impact of electronic Commerce, this need will increase.

. Specific restriction n° 3: Very large number of items

Potentially the number of articles can be very large. E-Commerce makes to expand the number of sold products and, consequently, their articles. Often the number of articles exceeds 100,000 titles. In addition, the cost of storing a large number of products can create limitations, taking into account the ratio between the number of products in stock and the number of sold products.

. Specific restriction n° 4: using the tension is built flow

A large number of products not present in significant quantities in stock, so they are made to order.

It should be borne in mind that if these constraints to be considered separately (individually), they can easily be resolved, but their cumulative effect (accumulation) can even lead to deadlock (cost, quality, delivery time).

These and other features of the invention will be more apparent from the subsequent detailed description, given as an example having no limiting character and described with reference to the accompanying drawings.

Figure 1 shows the front view of the reception centre or division.

Figure 2 shows a side view of the center of figure 1.

Figure 3 shows the front view of the rack for transportation.

Figure 4 shows a side view of the rack 3.

Figure 5 shows the front view of the module localization without controls.

Figure 6 shows the front view of the module localization with monitoring tool.

7 shows a partially front view of the Cabinet, which contains a series of modules localization with monitoring tool.

On Fig shows the wiring diagram of series modules localization.

Figure 9 shows the front view of the connecting harness for one of a number of modules localization.

Figure 10 shows the front view of part of the site, with two modulating the mi localization without controls, connected at one connecting piping.

Figure 11 shows a front view of the module localization without controls, having connecting elements at the ends.

On Fig shows a front view of an exemplary connection cables two modules localization.

On Fig shows the front view of the localization module, installed in the Cabinet 7.

On Fig shows a side view of the module Fig.

On Fig shows a block diagram of a method in accordance with the present invention.

The present invention relates to the hardware platform for the preparation and execution of orders, for example, for the distribution of orders, uniting many different products, in accordance with the criteria inherent to each recipient.

A problem arises, which is to be arranged reliably, quickly and without any errors rearrangement products in the intermediate storage cabinets where these products will be selected for the preparation of each parcel, in accordance with the composition determined by the ticket order, mainly in digital form.

This requires the architecture together different types of physical equipment, which includes:

• equipment for transportation (e.g., racks or carts with ID) and/or to move products (for example, Tr is sporter) between the two parts of the handle; and

• equipment selection and placement/temporary storage of goods between the two operations.

These types of equipment are controlled by an information system that receives information from various identification markers applied to products as well as equipment for transportation.

Equipment in accordance with the present invention, shown in figures 1 and 2 and designed to perform a variety of orders, contains:

Information system (1); and

At least one reception centre (10) and one Central split/explode (20). The center is a physical area in which there are one or many types of equipment for storage and, if necessary, means for processing data corresponding order.

In the described example, the reception centre (10) is made separately from the center separation (20). However, there may be a situation in which one and the same centre provides simultaneously or sequentially receiving function and division.

Each reception centre (10) and separation (20) contains, respectively, on the one hand, the microcomputer (11, 21) or other similar device, connected to the said information system (1), and, on the other hand, the Cabinet (13, 23).

Reader identification (12, 22) of type reader piece is yoogo code associated with each of microcomputers (11, 21) each center to identify each product by reading information from a means of identification of type of bar code.

You can imagine that the reader identification (12, 22) are directly connected with the information system, i.e. without the aid of microcomputers (11, 21).

Each Cabinet (13, 23) has a frame and contains many locations (cells) (14, 24) for placing products P in accordance with commands received from the specified computer. These locations (14, 24) form rows or columns.

In the shown embodiment, the location form cells of the same size; however, it is possible in the same Cabinet to provide cells with different sizes in width or height. Location can have a vertical rear wall (bottom), however this is not mandatory. If the vertical back wall is absent, then R can be introduced from one side of the Cabinet and extracted with opposite him.

As usual, each Cabinet has a vertical rods (131) and cross bars (132)connecting the vertical bars (131).

In addition, each Cabinet is mainly installed on the rollers (wheels) (133) in order to be able to move the cabinets within the same center or from one center to another.

Each W is AF (13, 23) has the facility identification (138) barcode type, caused, for example, on the front side of the Cabinet, as shown in figure 1.

The microcomputer (11, 21) is mainly installed on the table (135) in the immediate vicinity of the Cabinet (13, 23)used in this center.

To move products, equipment in accordance with the present invention also contains many transport racks or trucks (30), shown in figure 3 and 4, allowing to transport the products P received in the reception centres (10) or leaving them and coming into the centers of separation (20) or leaving them.

Each cart has wheels (33) and the identification device (38) barcode type, caused, for example, on its front side, as shown in figure 3.

Each of the locations (14, 24) of the Cabinet (13, 23) contains the localization module (15, 25), as shown in figure 5 and 6, located mainly above each location (14, 24).

Each module localization (15, 25) contains a single (unique) address that allows the management module using the information system (1) via computer (11, 21).

Location (14, 24) mainly form a set of locations, forming, for example, the series of locations (17, 27) or column locations, as shown in Fig.7.

It is jdy localization module (15, 25) contains at least one light source (151). This light source can be a signal lamp or LED, combined with a specific location. When the computer (11, 21) generates a command for placing mainly identified products in this location, it includes a light source (151)corresponding to the specified location. Thus, the operator receives unambiguous information about what location it should put the product that has just been identified by using the reader barcode type. Each module localization (15, 25) associated with the specified microcomputers (11, 21), and the module localization (15, 25) of one Cabinet (13, 23) included with this computer for generating commands for placing the identified products in the marked location. Thus, in the case when the computer sends the command to the ignition of the light source, it means that the product, which was identified by reading its barcode must be placed in the location of the localization module, the light source which was lit.

The light source (151) remains lit as long as the bar code reader does not recognize a new product to be displayed by the operator. The microcomputer (11, 21) then off burning still the source of light (151) and sends the command to switch on the light source (151), the corresponding location in the Cabinet, in which to place the new product, and this location can be the same or may be different from the previous one.

In a variant, which is shown in Fig.6, each of the locations (14, 24) includes control means (16, 26) the introduction of a product in this location.

This control is mainly included in the module localization (15, 25). The specified monitoring tool mainly includes an infrared emitter and an infrared receiver. Each receiver is set mainly in front of the radiator, on the other hand location (cell). More specifically, in one row locations (17, 27) each of the infrared emitters (161) emits a coded beam (beam) (163)picked up by the receiver (162), belonging to the underneath row locations (17, 27), as shown in Fig.7. The distance between the emitters or receivers of the same number of locations (17, 27) is about 7 cm

Thus, the beam of one or more emitters covers (covers) mainly the entrance location. The control means is set so that it is impossible to enter the product P in a controlled location without triggering the specified tools.

Needless to say that the modules located on the top edge of the Cabinet (13, 23), is not like other modules: here detection is not activated.

The inclusion of each control means (16, 26) is controlled by electronic card detection and alarm system (164), installed in several locations (17, 27) and is associated with the microcomputer (11, 21), in order to ensure proper introduction (at a specified location) identified products.

Thus, if the light source is one of the locations of the lights after reading the barcode of the product, but the means of control in another location, the light source the correct location remains lit as long as the means of controlling this location will not be included and will not be able to read another bar code reader, which was used previously in the specified center.

On the contrary, if after reading the barcode of the product and the ignition light source location monitoring tool that location is enabled, then the light source pagasae and can be read by the bar code next to the product.

Each set of locations provides a means of identification (178) barcode type, caused, for example, on the side of the Cabinet (13, 23), as shown in figure 2 and 8, and means of connection for communication with the microcomputer (11, 21)as p is shown on Fig.

Each row locations (17, 27) formed in a horizontal strapping (171) or slats that support the guide system (172) for mounting the module localization (15, 25), at least one distribution jumper (173) for the flow of electric current required to activate the light source and, possibly, to enable the control means, when it is (a low voltage of about 5 V), and an insulation support (174), as shown in Fig.9. Thus, horizontal strapping (171) form the so-called "bus". These tyres are engaged in providing modular characteristics of the equipment in accordance with the present invention. They are mounted on transverse bars (132), but can also be mounted on vertical rods (131) of the Cabinet (13, 23).

These horizontal strapping (171) mainly mounted on the wall of the Cabinet (13, 23) with removable and interchangeable. For transmission control information horizontal strapping (171) contain the device address management, programmable manually or automatically.

The mounting between the horizontal studs (171) may be wired or wireless (norms radio 802.11 a or b or Bluetooth standards).

Figure 10 shows the position of two modules localization (15, 25) on one frame (171), front plate (141) location (14, 24). This plate there is camping in the upper rear part of the binding (171). In addition, each module localization (15, 25) is provided with a socket connector (176)installed on each of the side ends, as shown at 11, which allows the connection of modules interconnected via cables (177), which at their ends have plug connectors, and also with the microcomputer, as shown in Fig.

If the module localization (15, 25) fails, it can very simply and quickly replace with identical functional module. For carrying out the replacement operation is only necessary to disconnect the old module, release the clamp support strapping, to enter into the clamp support strapping a new module, and then connect the new module.

Each module localization (15, 25) are protected from possible shock by means of protective casing (175), as shown in Fig made of transparent plastic profile or having a window for transmission of light emitted by the light sources (151) and, if necessary, an infrared emitters.

Mount protective casing (175) on the horizontal piping (171) can be carried out by means of the screw (179) or by any other suitable means of attachment.

Needless to say that the geographical position of the light sources, indicating a location aware information system (1) or, at least, the microcomputer (11, 21). Can be COI is used different solutions for the registration provisions: for example, can be used electronic switch ("switch", key), indicating the position of each light source or only the first position in each row, while other provisions form a sequence; or the product remembers his address by reading a bar code, combined with the location and/or with the light source, and these addresses can be recorded in memory. The number of light sources leads to the necessity of addressing in two bytes. Address administrator chooses studs (rails), and it can easily be changed. This administrator intervenes only when installing new rails.

To enable detection of the object is entered in one of the locations that share three levels of information:

1 - Level products, for information on whether the product detection means,

2 - a Global level, in order to globally enable or disable detection, and

3 - Level light source.

The connection between the microcomputer and the studs through the serial ports of the computer at 9600 baud, 8 bit, even parity, 1 stop bit, no flow control.

Sending information leads to identical to the return (echo).

On Fig shows the main steps of the method in accordance with the present invention.

The method in accordance with this the current invention includes the following steps:

Pre -

Check orders and cash products to ensure the feasibility of the orders.

- Statistical analysis and rearrangement of the order of 100 and groups of 10×100.

Physical receipt of goods and receipt of information by obtaining articles.

- Moving products: products are transported to the receiving/ sorting areas and set in place (unpacking)

The 1st stage. Establish procedures for the execution of orders

the impact of groups of orders and received products, and global orders for storage equipment in order to obtain an exact match between the product groups and groups of orders (the fundamental stage of processing).

The 2nd stage. Stage unitary identification and selection of products

At each screening section of the welcome center (10) of the product received from the supplier F1 or warehouse S1, taken one by one, are scanned one by one and set to explode location corresponding to the "groups" 10×100 orders. The rate of placement is about 1200 pieces per hour.

At this point, you can install the product directly on the transport racks or carts.

At this point you can type controls and create a chronological Protocol.

The 3rd stage. The first stage of selection and recombination (education group)

At the time of scanning of products at each plot center separation (20), the system determines the order for which it was intended product, and this order is included in the group of 100 and a group of 10 groups of 100 orders (see the fundamental stage of processing). Primary sorting allows you to control the product and for the first time to divide them by 10.

4-th stage. Carrying out n times the phase unitary identification and selection

We are talking about the repetition of the 3rd stage, which allows you to set up groups of 100 final orders, which include all vendors. After 100 hours of orders available to explode.

At the time of scanning products, the system determines the order for which it was intended product, and this order is included in the group of 100 (see step fundamental processing). The secondary sort, and these allow for the processing of anomalies and to make the division for the second time in 10.

The 5th stage. Final separation

The preparation tool, take items one at a time, scan them in, and injected into the cell Cabinet explode. Training is performed using light sources, combined with each cell. Control the introduction of products is manufactured using modules, localization, provided with control means, a variant of the invention by scanning a bar code location

At the time of scanning products, the system determines the order for which it was intended product, and this order is associated with a location in the heart explode. Light level corresponding cell. The system confirms the introduction of the product into the cell.

The final stage. Packaging

Operator-packer finds the cell explode with led in it product, package the product and checks prepared supporting documents (name and address of the recipient,...). Then he attaches documents to packaging for shipment.

When the scan cell system produces a printout. In accordance with the preferred option, the system displays on the gun scanning or any other suitable tool the contents of the order, allowing the packer to control the order.

You can also perform a final check during packaging, again producing scan each bar code of each product.

In addition, the system can produce detailed analysis of the prepared orders (modification of the Statute), anomalies and puzzles (puzzles) to send to the warehouse.

Despite what has been described the preferred embodiment of the invention, it is clear that it specialists in this field can be amended and supplemented, the cat is that you don't, however, beyond the scope of the following claims.

1. The method of distribution of products (P1, P2, P3,...,PN, where y is an integer not equal to zero), which allows for the processing and movement of products quickly accumulate products, each of which contains the identification of the type of bar code, previously having them send to each of the final accumulation of the products corresponded to the list of products, which, in turn, corresponds to the physical order (C1, C2, C3,..., CX, where x is an integer not equal to zero), and these products come from one or more suppliers (F1, F2, F3,...) or from one or more warehouses (S1), characterized in that

at least one processing stage computing the contents of these orders (C1, C2, C3,..., SK), which consists in the rearrangement of these orders with the formation of multiple groups of orders (GC10, GC20, GC30,...) in accordance with at least one specified condition in the separation of the content of each group of orders into many subgroups of orders (SGC10, SGC20, SGC30,...);

at least m stages rearrangement of these products (P1, P2, P3,..., PN), where m is an integer equal to or greater than 1, consisting in the selection manually or automatically for each of these products, schityvanie information with identification information for each selected product and the temporary placement of each of the selected products in one of the locations (14, 24), combined with one group of products (GP10, GP20, GP30,...), in order to obtain an exact match between the product groups and groups of orders; and

at least n stages of disaggregation of these products (P1, P2, P3,..., PN), and n is an integer equal to or greater than 1, comprising for each group of products in the selection manually or automatically for each of these products, the information read from the identification information for each selected product and the temporary placement of each of the selected products in one of the locations (14, 24), combined with one subgroup of products (SGP10, SGP20, SGP30,...), in order to obtain an exact correspondence between subgroups of products and subgroups orders; and

one final separation, comprising for each subgroup of the products in the selection manually or automatically for each of these products, the information read from the identification information for each selected product and the temporary placement of each of the selected products in one of the locations (14, 24), combined with the physical order.

2. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the previously conducted phase rearrangement stage preliminary identification of these products (P1, P2, P3,..., PN), which is the selection manually or automatically, disordered, each of these products, and t is the train to read information from identification information for each selected item.

3. The method according to claim 2, wherein after the authentication step, and earlier stage of the rearrangement of the set of orders rule out impossible orders.

4. The method according to claim 3, characterized in that the product is intended for a single order in accordance with at least one defined rule.

5. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the number of pit optimize so that they were small as possible, taking into account the ability to select products with the help of a human operator or machine.

6. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the produce split the contents of each order group (GC10, GC20, GC30,...) into many subgroups of orders (SGC10, SGC20, SGC30,...) in accordance with at least one specified condition.

7. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the steps of rearrangement of disaggregation, the final separation and possible preliminary identification performed in the center, which contains at least one sorting area, equipped with one side reading device identification (12, 22) of type reader, a bar code, coupled with the information system (1) for the identification of each product, by reading information from a means of identification of type of bar code, and on the other side of the Cabinet (13, 23), with many locations (14, 24), dedicated to superior quality products is obtained for placement in these the locations of the products in accordance with commands produced using the information system (1), and each of these locations (14, 24) note when using the alarm specified managed information system (1).

8. The method according to claim 7, characterized in that the steps of rearrangement of disaggregation, the final separation and possible preliminary identification is carried out in a single centre using a device that is identical for each phase.

9. The device for implementing the method of distribution of products (P1, P2, P3,..., PN, where y is an integer not equal to zero), in which each of the final accumulation of the products corresponds to the list of products, which, in turn, corresponds to the physical order (C1, C2, C3,..., CX, where x is an integer not equal to zero), characterized in that it comprises at least one center formed by at least one sorting area, equipped with one side reading device identification (12 22) are the type of reader bar code connected with the information system (1) for the identification of each product, by reading information from a means of identification of type of bar code, and on the other side of the Cabinet (13, 23), with many locations (14, 24) to be placed in specified locations of the products with the availa able scientific C with commands worked out the specified information system (1), and each of these locations (14, 24) note when using the alarm specified managed information system (1)with the specified information system (1)engaged in the processing stage computing, and the centre allow the stages of rearrangement of disaggregation, the final separation and possible identification.

10. The device according to claim 9, characterized in that the said means alarm not integrated explicitly with one specific locations (14, 24) and with one specific product, and the fact that the information system (1) contains a digital table in which are registered in at least the ID of one order, one order, one location identifier, combined with the order, and a digital label that indicates for each of the products included in the order that the product has already entered or not, and the information system (1) controls the activation of one of the specified means of signaling one location in the function of an identifier of one item with the specified identification means and sets the ownership of the product to the same team orders, one subgroup of order one or order, United with one what mestopolojenie (14, 24).

11. The device according to claim 9, characterized in that it comprises at least one reception centre (10) for the implementation of a possible preliminary identification and one center separation (20) for the implementation of phases rearrangements, ungrouping and final separation, and each center represents, respectively, at least one sorting area, equipped with one side of the microcomputer (11, 21) or other similar device, connected to the said information system (1) and associated with the reader identification (12, 22) of type reader bar code to identify each product by reading information from a means of identification of type of bar code, and on the other side of the Cabinet (13, 23), with many locations (14, 24) to be placed in specified locations of the products in accordance with commands generated using the specified computer (11, 21).

12. The device according to claim 9, characterized in that each of these locations (14, 24) of the specified Cabinet (13, 23) contains the localization module (15, 25), which has, for example, at least one light source (251), and each module localization (15, 25) is connected directly or via other modules localization (15, 25) with the specified information system (1), and mainly the ri using the specified computer (11, 21), with the specified tool localization (15, 25) is enabled by means of the information system (1), and mainly using the specified computer (11, 21), for issuing a command for placing the identified products in the specified flagged location.

13. The device according to claim 9, characterized in that each of these locations (14, 24) of the specified Cabinet (13, 23) includes control means (16, 26), each control means (16, 26) is connected directly or by other control means (16, 26) with the specified information system (1), and mainly using the specified computer (11, 21), with the inclusion of the specified control means (16, 26) manages information system (1) mainly using the specified computer (11, 21) in order to ensure correct placement of the identified products.

14. The device according to claim 9, characterized in that it comprises a set of locations, forming, for example, the series of locations (17, 27) or column locations, and each set of locations includes means for identifying the type of bar code.

15. The device according to 14, characterized in that each set of locations formed in the form of at least one binding (171), which supports the guide system (172) for fixing the modules localization 15, 25).

16. The device according to 14, characterized in that each set of locations contains a set of infrared emitters (161) and a plurality of infrared receivers (162), and infrared emitters (161) and the infrared receivers (162) are located opposite each other.

17. The device according to claim 9, characterized in that each location (14, 24) has a means of identification of type of bar code.

18. The device of claim 9, wherein the specified Cabinet (13, 23) has the facility identification barcode type.

19. The device according to claim 9, characterized in that it comprises a transport rack (30)intended for transportation of goods arriving in the center (centers) or coming out of it, and each hour transport (30) contains the identification of the type of bar code.



 

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