Utilization of zinc sulfide as antitick agent

FIELD: antiparasitic agents.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to novel use of zinc sulfide as antitick agent and can be used in agriculture, in gardens, forestry, medicine, textile industry, and also in human protection. Zinc sulfide is used as additive, in particular, to polymer compositions and threads, fibers, filaments, and filament products obtained from these compositions. Agent is introduced into liquid and solid compositions for cleaning and/or treating textile pile surfaces or pierced pile surfaces, in particular tappets and mokets.

EFFECT: expanded resource of antiparasitic agents.

11 cl, 29 tbl, 10 ex

 

The invention relates to a new use of zinc sulfide as protection products. The invention also concerns compositions with special properties containing zinc sulfide as an additive, in particular polymer compositions, as well as filaments, fibers, filament fibers and articles obtained from these compositions: it also refers to solid or liquid compositions for cleaning and/or treatment of textile surfaces, in particular carpets or Mokotow.

Mites are harmful not only for agriculture, orchards, forestry, but also for humans. They, in particular, can cause human allergies, asthma, rhinitis or conjunctivitis. In man, for example, ticks are present in significant quantities, particularly in carpets, maketh, furnishings, coatings and surfaces, sofas, curtains, bed linen, mattresses and pillows. In many areas of application, such as the area of textiles, tend to limit the development of ticks, for example, in the textile surfaces, with the aim of preventing human diseases caused by ticks. In medical industries are also important limitation of mites on the working tools, construction materials, clothing.

Organic insecticidal and acaricidal compositions are known, in particular, in the region of the STI agriculture. Such compositions are described, for example, in French patent FR 2710239. These compositions can be applied by spraying, evaporating, dusting, scattering granules and fumigation, either directly or through devices, harmful insects and mites, or where there are harmful insects and mites.

Long known and used other means having biocidal properties, for example, for cosmetic applications or for fungicide applications. Among the tools mentioned most famous are the items based on metals such as silver, copper or zinc.

Finally, for imparting biocidal properties to textile surfaces were developed numerous coupling agents containing biologically active compounds. However, these coupling agents always have limited stability and their effects disappear after one or more washings. Thus, in many cases more interesting to enter a valid start directly in the product, which must have bioactive properties.

On this subject known to the introduction of biologically active substances in yarn, obtained by spinning from solution, or by coagulation. In this case, the biologically active substance is introduced into the solvent of the polymer.

Similarly, well-known industrial organic about epolamine funds. Can be called, for example, benzyl benzoate, permethrin, 3-butyl-2-idproperty ether of carbamino acid supplied by the company Troy called Kertex 100. However, these tools cannot be put into thermoplastic polymers, as they are unstable at the temperature of formation of these polymers, or may be susceptible to transformations at these temperatures.

Were developed by other biologically active agents that can be introduced into thermoplastic polymers. In the international patent application WO 0111956 described, for example, the use of complex dendritic polymer/ biocide compound based on at least one biocidal metal or metal ion. This complex can be introduced into the melt of thermoplastic polymer.

For polymers, spun from the melt, is known for the introduction of inorganic fillers, the bearing element on the basis of biologically active metal. These fillers can be introduced during polymerization or during the molding process. Many solutions were suggested for the manufacture of inorganic fillers. These fillers must have sufficient dispersibility in the polymer, acceptable color and they should not change the properties of polymers. As an example, a special inorganic filler can n is called a glass filled with boric acid, the company supplied Ishisuka Glass called Segurocera.

But continue to look for new protection products, cheap and easy to use, in particular in polymer compositions.

Thus, zinc sulfide, inorganic filler, known per se, for example, as a matting agent for textile yarns obtained by spinning polymer compositions, has, likewise, special properties, as well as the desired characteristics in terms of cost, ease in handling, the introduction of a polymeric matrix: in fact, it is easily dispersed in the above-mentioned matrix is stable at temperatures of their formation and resist change at specified temperatures.

Thus, the first object of the invention is a new use of zinc sulfide as protection products.

The second object of the invention relates to compositions with special properties containing zinc sulfide as an additive, for example, solid or liquid compositions for cleaning and/or treatment of textile surfaces (in particular, carpets or Mokotow), or polymer compositions.

Finally, the third object of the invention relates to filaments, fibers, filament fibers and products obtained from the compositions described above. These yarn, fiber, filament fibers and products have a very Ho is oshimi permanent special properties.

The zinc sulfide according to the invention can be in various forms: for example, in the form of particles of zinc sulfide, a partial or complete coating of zinc sulfide on the particle of different nature, such as an inorganic particle of silicon dioxide or titanium etc. zinc Sulphide, when it is in the form of almost spherical particles may have a small diameter, of the order of 0.3 microns, which allows its use, particularly in the textile filaments, fibers, filament fibers. The particle size of the zinc sulfide according to the invention is not limited and may be up to several millimeters. The zinc sulfide may also be in the form of plates.

Mites belong to the group of arthropods, divided into subclasses: insects and arachnids. Mites are arachnids and are often parasitic and pathogenic. There are many famous mites, several tens of thousands, of which very few are harmful to humans. These pliers have a size of from 200 to 500 μm and, practically, are invisible to the eye. They live mainly in a humid atmosphere (relative humidity from 65 to 80%), in the dark and under ideal medium temperatures from 15 to 25°C. their life Expectancy is +/- 3 months.

Can be called as a species of ticks, for example, species of the genera Acaus, Tyrophagus and others. View Dermatophagoides occurs, in particular, in household dust and, thus, relates, more specifically, to a clamp that is harmful to man. There are two types of Dermatophagoides: D. pteronyssinus and D. farinae. Mites of the species Dermatophagoides feed mainly on human scales and the remnants of the nails, hair, wool, food debris, etc. In the framework of the present invention of interest, more specifically, species Dermatophagoides.

According to the first object of the invention, the zinc sulfide may be introduced into any environment containing mites, in order to reduce or remove the number of ticks present in the environment. The term "environment" refers to any medium containing at least ticks. The environment may be a gas, preferably air.

Under "decrease" mean reducing the number of mites present in the environment compared with the amount present in the environment before the introduction into the environment of zinc sulfide. Under "reduce" means the decrease in the growth rate of new ticks in time and in the environment. Under "decrease" mean the reduction in the rate of reproduction of mites. Under "delete" mean the destruction of the environment of most of the mites, you have to kill ticks that are in the he environment (acaricide), or make them inactive. Under " delete" also refers to preventing the growth of new ticks.

The zinc sulfide according to the first object of the invention can be used in pure form, i.e. individually, but, preferably, it is applied to various inactive carriers in liquid, solid or gaseous form. It is also possible, if necessary, to introduce additives such as surfactant, dispersant, adhesive, stabilizer and propellants, in order to prepare the compositions, such as powders for powder, granules, emulsions, solutions in oil, wettable powders, sols, fluid composition, aerosols, means for applying a protective coating, fumigants, means for fumigation and ULV formulations (compositions for substances with very low volume).

The amount of zinc sulfide according to the first object of the present invention may vary depending on the form of the composition, and the hour and the date, place and method of application, the nature of pests and the degree of destruction.

The application of the zinc sulfide according to the first object of the invention can be carried out by sputtering, evaporating, dusting, scattering granules and fumigation, either directly or through devices that harmful mites or on the place where they develop harmful mites.

The zinc sulfide according to the invention,as a special tool, can also be used in any composition and, in particular, in any composition or product used in the field of yarns, fibers, filament fibers and textiles. In particular, it can be used in polymer compositions, and compositions for cleaning and/or treatment of textile surfaces, in particular carpets or Mokotow.

Thus, the second object of the invention relates to compositions with special properties containing sulfide silicon as an additive, and, in particular, polymer compositions, and compositions for cleaning and/or treatment of textile surfaces, in particular carpets or Mokotow.

The zinc sulfide as protection products can be used as an additive, for example, in compositions for oiling threads, fibers, filament fibers in the finishing or coloring compositions applied to the textile surface, in detergent compositions, such as detergents for the textile surfaces (in particular, for carpets or Mokotow), glues or adhesives used, for example, in the manufacture of Mokotow or coatings, substrates for textile surfaces, etc.

According to a special variant of the implementation of the second object of the invention mass percentage content of zinc sulfide, relative to the total weight of the composition, m is niche or equal to 5%.

According to the first preferred variant implementation of the second object of the invention composition is a liquid or solid composition for cleaning and/or treatment of textile surfaces, in particular carpets or Mokotow.

The above compositions can contain from 0.05 to 5%of their dry weight, of zinc sulfide.

When the compositions are liquid, they additionally contain water and, if necessary, at least one organic solvent. The amount of water may be at least 10%, preferably at least 50% by weight of the composition; the amount of water can reach up to 98% by weight of the composition.

Among the organic solvents may be mentioned aliphatic alcohols, aromatic alcohols, ethers, glycol (methanol, ethanol, propanol, isopropanol, propandiol, ethylene glycol, glycerol, benzyl alcohol, butoxypropan ...), and "degreasing solvents, such as terpenes. These solvents may be from 0.1 to 50% by weight of the liquid composition.

Liquid compositions may also contain other conventional additives used in liquid compositions for cleaning textile surfaces, in particular carpets or Mokotow.

We can mention, in particular:

- surfactants: anionic complex of al is reformulate, the alkyl sulphates, alkylarylsulfonate, salts of saturated or unsaturated fatty acids ...), nonionic (polyalkoxysiloxanes derivatives of ALKYLPHENOLS, fatty acid amines, fatty acid amides, amidoamines, condensation products of ethylene oxide or of propylene oxide with Ethylenediamine, alkylpolyglucoside ...), amphoteric (alkylamidoamines ...) or zwitterionic (betaines); they can be from 1 to 20%, preferably from 5 to 15% by weight of the liquid composition;

- inorganic detergents("modifying agent" (" builder")) (polyphosphates, silicates, carbonates, zeolites, etc.) or " builders" ("builders"), substances forming chelate compounds or organic complexing agents (water soluble polyphosphate, carboxylic polymers or copolymers or their water-soluble salts, polycarboxylic acids or their water-soluble salts, polixeni acids ...; they can be from 5 to 80% by weight of the liquid composition;

- supplements to prevent pollution (cellulose derivatives, copolymers of esters based on ethyleneterephthalate and polyoxyethylenated links, oligomers or sulfonated copolymers of polyesters ...); they can be from 0.01 to 10%, preferably from 0.1 to 5% by weight of the liquid composition;

- bleaching agent (hydrogen peroxide);

up is where it is refuelled, inhibiting the color transition (polyamine-N-oxide, copolymers of N-vinylpyrrolidone and N-vinylimidazole);

- additives that suppress foaming;

the propellant (isobutane, propane ...);

and other additives, such as enzymes, buffer additives, fillers, fragrances ...

When these compositions are solid compositions for cleaning and/or treatment of textile surfaces, they contain, in addition, at least one filler ("filler"), which may be from 40 to 98.5% by weight of the solid composition.

These fillers ("fillers") are, in particular, fillers type of borax, preferably, decapitation borates of sodium, in particular, decapitations sodium tetraborate; they can also be inorganic salts such as sulfates, chlorides, carbonates, bicarbonates, phosphates or nitrates, in particular, sodium, aluminium salts, such as sodium aluminate, and sodium citrate.

Solid compositions may also contain other conventional additives used in solid compositions for cleaning textile surfaces, in particular, carpets or Mokotow.

We can mention, in particular:

- adsorbents, such as cellulose powders, foams, bentonite;

- ethers, alcohols, such as onomatology ether of ethylene glycol, onomatology ether dieting is Kolya, onomatology ether of propylene glycol, onomatology broadcast dipropyleneglycol, monotropy ether of ethylene glycol, monotropy ether of diethylene glycol, monobutyl ether of ethylene glycol;

- anionic, nonionic, cationogenic or amphoteric surface-active substances in liquid or solid form, such as surfactants described before;

- antistatic additives, such as aluminum oxide, Quaternary ammonium salts, ethoxylated alcohols, alkyl phenols, ethoxylated amines, anionic Soaps, sulfates, sulfonates;

- agglomeratedSupplement.

Composition for cleaning and/or treatment of textile surfaces can be deposited on the surface in different ways:

machine with high steam consumption: outputhot steam under high pressure, the evaporation on the carpet, then the suctionin vacuum;

direct impregnated with a cleaning composition of the workpiece, if necessary, by rubbing with a sponge or brush; the product can then be removed by absorption in the absorbent or suction in a vacuum;

the evaporation of the cleaning composition on the carpet in the form of small droplets; the product, if necessary, may be dried by passing hot air; this residue are removed then suckingor cleaning the school is coy;

- the application using the devices for applying shampoo.

Liquid composition, if necessary, before use, can be diluted with water. Composition for cleaning and/or processing of textile products can be used in amounts, calculated on the dry product, from 0.01 to 200 mg/m2the treated surface.

According to the second preferred variant implementation of the second object of the invention composition is a polymer composition.

Polymer composition according to the invention contains a polymer matrix. Any polymer matrix known to the expert, can be used in the scope of the present invention.

The polymer matrix according to the invention is preferably a thermoplastic matrix. Thermoplastic matrix according to the invention is a thermoplastic polymer.

As examples of polymers which may be contained in the composition, can be called: polylactones, such as positivamente, polycaprolacton and polymers of the same family; polyurethanes obtained by the reaction between diisocyanates such as 1,5-naphthalenedisulfonate,p-delete the entry,m-delete the entry, 2,4-toluene-diisocyanate, 4,4'-diphenylmethanediisocyanate, 3,3'-dimethyl-4,4'-diphenylmethanediisocyanate, 3,3'-dimethyl-4,4'-biphenyldiol, 4,4-diphenylsulphide-diisocyanate, 3,3'-dimethyl-4,4'-diphenyldiisocyanate, 3,3'-dimethyl-4,4'-difenilmetana-diisocyanate, 3,3'-dimethoxy-4,4'-biphenyldiol, dianisidines, toluylenediisocyanate, hexamethylenediisocyanate, 4,4'-isocyanatophenyl and compounds of the same family, and diatomic alcohols with long linear chains, such as polytetramethylene, polyacyladipate, poly-1,4-bucilandia, poliatilenaksida, poly-2,3-Butyrskiy, simple polyetherdiol and compounds of the same family; polycarbonates such as poly[bis(4-phenyl)metacarbonate], poly[bis(4-phenyl)-1,1-aircarbon], poly[bis(4-phenyl)diphenylcarbonate], poly[bis(4-phenyl)-1,1-cyclohexanecarbonyl] and polymers of the same family; polysulfones; polyethers; polyketone; polyamides, such as poly-4-aminobutyric acid, polyhexamethylenediamine, poly (6-aminocaproic acid, poly-m-xylylenediamine, poly-p-xylylenediamine, poly-2,2,2-trimethylhexamethylenediamine, poly-mphenyleneterephthalamide, poly-p-phenyleneterephthalamide and polymers of the same family; polyesters, such as poliitiliselt, polyethylene-1,5-naftalin, poly-1,4-dimethylaminoacetonitrile, poliatilenaksidna, poly-p-hydroxybenzoate, poly-1,4-cyclohexanedimethanol, poly-1,4-cyclohexylethylamine-terephthalate, polyethylene terephthalate, is polybutylenterephthalate and polymers of the same family; polyarylenes, such as poly-2,6-dimethyl-1,4-phenyleneoxy, poly-2,6-diphenyl-1,4-phenyleneoxy and polymers of the same family; Polyarylamide, such as polyster and polymers of the same family; simple polyetherimides; vinyl polymers and their copolymers such as polyvinyl acetate, polyvinyl alcohol, polyvinyl chloride; polyvinyl butyral, grades, copolymers of ethylene and vinyl acetate and polymers of the same family; acrylic polymers, polyacrylates and their copolymers, such as politicalit, poly-n-butyl acrylate, polymethyl methacrylate, polimetilmetakrilat, poly-n-butylmethacrylate, poly-n-propylbetaine, polyacrylamide, polyacrylonitrile, polyacrylic acid, copolymers of ethylene and acrylic acid, copolymers of ethylene and vinyl alcohol, copolymers of Acrylonitrile, copolymers of methyl methacrylate and styrene, copolymers of ethylene and acrylate, methacrylate-butadiene-styrene copolymers, anti-lock brakes (ABS) and polymers of the same family; polyolefins, such as polyethylene, polypropylene, chlorinated polyethylene, poly-4-methylpentene-1, polyethylene, polystyrene and polymers of the same family; ionomers; polyepichlorohydrins; polyurethanes, such as polymerization products of diols such as glycerin, trimethylolpropane, 1,2,6-hexanetriol, sorbitol, pentaerythritol, etc is simple polyether polyols complex polyether polyols and compounds of the same family, with polyisocyanates, such as 2,4-tolylenediisocyanate, 2,6-tolylenediisocyanate, 4,4'-diphenylmethanediisocyanate, 1,6-hexamethylenediisocyanate, 4,4'-DICYCLOHEXYL-mechanisation and compounds of the same family; and polysulfones such as the reaction products between a sodium salt of 2,2-bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)propane and 4,4'-dichlorodiphenylmethane; furan resins such as polyfuran; plastics on the basis of ester of cellulose such as cellulose acetate, acetobutyrate cellulose propionate, cellulose and polymers of the same family; silicones, such as polydimethylsiloxane, a copolymer of dimethylsiloxane and phenilmethylsulfoxide and polymers of the same family; mixtures of at least two of the preceding polymers.

According to a special variant of the invention thermoplastic matrix is a polymer containing star-shaped or stair macromolecular chains and, in some cases, linear macromolecular chains. Polymers containing such star-shaped or stair macromolecular chains are described, for example, in documents FR 2743077, FR 2779730, US 5959069, EP 0632703, EP 0682057 and EP 0832149.

According to another particular variant of the invention thermoplastic matrix according to the invention is a polymer of the type of statistical dendrite, preferably copolyamide, is within statistical dendritic structure. Mentioned copolyamids with statistical dendritic structure, and method of production thereof are described in particular in document WO 99/03909.

Thermoplastic matrix according to the invention may also be a composition comprising a linear thermoplastic polymer and star, stair and/or dendritic polymer, such as described above.

Compositions according to the invention can also comprise hyperbranched copolyamide, of the type described in document WO 00/68298.

Compositions according to the invention may also contain any combination of stellate thermoplastic polymer, stair thermoplastic polymer, a dendritic thermoplastic polymer and a hyperbranched copolyamid described above.

As another type of polymer matrix, which can be used in the scope of the invention, can be called heat-resistant polymers: these polymers are preferably infusible or have a melting point greater than 180°C, preferably ≥ 200°S, or higher. Mentioned heat-resistant polymers can be selected from among, for example, aromatic polyamides, polyamidoimides such as polytrimethylene, or polyimides such as polyimide obtained according to the document EP 0119185, known in the trade under the trademark R. Aromatic polyamides can be that is, as described in the European patent EP 0360707. They can be obtained according to the method described in European patent EP 0360707.

As the other polymer matrix may also be called viscose, cellulose, acetylcellulose etc.

The polymer matrix according to the invention, likewise, may be related to the type of polymers used in adhesives, such as plastisols based on vinyl acetate, acrylic latex, urethane latex, PVC plastisol, etc.

Among the above-mentioned polymer matrices is particularly preferred semi-crystalline polyamides such as polyamide 6, polyamide 6.6, polyamide 11, polyamide 12, polyamide 4, polyamide 4-6, 6-10, 6-12, 6-36, 12-12, polyaromatics polyamides derived from terephthalic acid and/or isophthalic acid, such as polyamides, supplied under the trade name AMODEL; polyesters, such as PET (PET), PBT (PBT), PTT (push to talk); polyolefins, such as polypropylene, polyethylene; aromatic polyamides, polyamideimide or polyimides; latexes such as acrylic and urethane latex; PVC, rayon, cellulose, acetylcellulose; their copolymers and mixtures.

The composition may contain any other additives that can be used, for example, reinforcing fillers, additives, which impart flame retardant additives that increase the resistance to UV radiation, on the Reba, matting additives such as titanium dioxide.

A third object of the invention relates to filaments, fibers, filament fibers and products derived from the compositions, and, in particular, the polymer compositions described above.

In fact, the compositions according to the invention, in particular, the polymer may be molded in the form of filaments, fibers, filament fibers by spinning. Likewise they can be made into molded products, for example, by molding or extrusion.

Yarn, fiber, filament fiber according to the invention can be obtained, for example, by spinning from the melt or wet spinning method of the compositions according to the invention, in particular polymer compositions.

The polymer compositions have, preferably, the introduction of zinc sulfide in the molten polymer in the mixer, for example, before spinning device. Equally, they can be obtained by introducing the zinc sulfide in the polymer solution, for example, before a device for spinning in the wet. Equally, they can be obtained by the introduction of zinc sulfide in a reaction medium containing monomers, which are the polymer (medium curing).

Spinning compositions according to the invention, in particular, the polymer compositions can be obtained, for example, continuous a lot of elementia thread short or long fibers, monofilament, fiber yarn, cloth, tape, wiring, etc. similarly, you can get continuous volumetric filament (BCF: "Bulk Continuous Filament"), used in particular for the manufacture of textile coatings, such as mokey and carpets.

All the classic treatments used in the field of textiles, such as extrusion, structuring, color, etc. can be applied to the yarns, fibres and filament fibers according to the invention.

In the field of production of filaments, fibers, and filament fibers of the small particle size of the zinc sulfide, the diameter of which may be of the order of 0.3 μm is advantageous, especially in the ways of spinning.

Yarns, fibers, and filament fibers described above, have regular special properties.

The invention also applies to products obtained from filaments, fibers, filament fibers described above. Such products can be obtained, in particular, from one type of filaments, fibers, and filament fibers or of a mixture of filaments, fibers filament fibers of different types. The product contains, at least partially, yarn, fiber, filament fiber according to the invention. When using a certain type of threads, fibers, filament fibers, such as yarns, fibers, filament fibers, not containing zinc sulfide, isdel and according to the invention can be used threads, fiber or filament fibers of different nature.

As products can be called, for example, woven, nonwoven, knitted products.

The present invention also concerns a composition of textile products, i.e. textiles, which consists of several components. The aforementioned components can be, for example, short fibers, backing, adhesives or glues, products obtained from filaments, fibers, filament fibers, such as non-woven products, etc.

As a composite textile products include, for example, the pile surface, the main components of which are usually short fibers, the adhesive or adhesive and the substrate.

May also be called stitched pile surface that is used, in particular, in maketh, coatings for furniture or walls and so on, the main components of which are, usually, yarn, fiber, filament fiber or products obtained from filaments, fibers, filament fibers and the substrate and, if necessary, an adhesive or glue.

In the scope of the invention at least one of the components of the composite textile product contains zinc sulphide.

In the pile surface, for example, zinc sulfide may be present in the fibres of the pile surface and/or in the adhesive or the adhesive used for application of the NAP and/or padlock the pile surface.

The fibers of the pile surface can be, for example, fibers according to the invention. The adhesive or glue to the pile surface or surfaces with stitched pile can be obtained from the compositions according to the invention. The substrate for the pile surface or surfaces with stitched pile can also be obtained from the composition or product according to the invention.

Textiles, described above, have regular special properties.

Composition, yarn, fiber, filament fiber, products and composite textiles can be used in the manufacture of any products that may come into contact with ticks, such as outdoor carpeting, carpets, coatings for furniture, coatings for surfaces, sofas, curtains, bed linen, mattresses, pillows, etc.

Composition, yarn, fiber, filament fiber, products and composition for textile products according to the invention allow, it is preferable to control the population of mites KP (CF) such as described in examples 12, 13 or 14, after 6 weeks, at least equal to 50, while KP is measured according to standard AFNOR NF G 39-011. Used measurement method is one of the methods described in examples 12, 13 or 14, when this method is defined depending on the nature and type of the investigated product (composition,powder, Jersey, carpet and so on).

Other details and advantages of the invention will become more clear when considering the examples below, which are given for illustration only.

EXAMPLES

Examples 1-7: Preparation of powder samples of polyamide 6.6, polyamide 6, polypropylene or complex polyester with or without additives ZnS.

Matrix PA (PA 66)

Used polyamide 66, denoted PA (PA66)is a polyamide 66 containing no titanium dioxide, with a relative viscosity of 2.5 (measured at a concentration of 10 g/l in 96%sulfuric acid).

Were used two types of ZnS:

• ZnS 1: ZnS particle size distribution centred around 0.3 microns, and having a purity of 98%;

• ZnS 2: ZnS particle size distribution centred around a 2.6 μm, and having a degree of purity;

99, 99%, supplied by the company Aldrich under the index 24462-7.

The introduction of ZnS in PA is carried out by mixing the powders. The mixture is dried 16 h at 80°With vacuum 50 mbar, approximately, then injected into the extruder, which provides mixing in the molten phase. The performance of the extruder following:

• melt temperature: about 285°C;

• the residence time in the melt: 3 minutes.

The rod obtained at the outlet of the extruder, cooled rapidly in water at 20°S, PR is approximately, then, after cooling, dry ice, crushed and ground in a Retsch ultra centrifugal mill Retsch ZM 1000. Grain size distribution of the obtained powder is less than 500 microns.

We have received the following composition.

The percentage of ZnS expressed in the mass of ZnS in relation to the total weight of the composition.

LinkThe content of ZnS 1 (% wt./wt.)The content of ZnS 2 (% wt./wt.)
1-a100
1-b10,50
1-c110
1-a200
1-b200,5
1-c201

The PA6 matrix (PA 6)

Were used two types of polyamide 6, denoted PA6 (PA6).

• PA 6-1: PA6, not containing titanium dioxide, with a relative viscosity of 2.5 (measured at a concentration of 10 g/l in 96%sulfuric acid).

• PA 6-2: PA6 containing 0.3% TiO2with a relative viscosity of 2.7 (measured at a concentration of 10 g/l in 96%sulfuric acid).

Used ZnS is a ZnS 1.

IntroductionZnS used in PA6 be made in the same manner as in example 1.

The performance of the extruder following:

• the temperature of rspl the VA: about 240° C;

• the residence time in the melt: 3 minutes

The rod obtained at the outlet of the extruder, cooled rapidly in water at 20°With, approximately, then, after cooling, dry ice, crushed and ground in a Retsch ultra centrifugal mill Retsch ZM 1000. Grain size distribution of the obtained powder is less than 500 microns.

We have received the following composition.

The percentage of ZnS expressed in the mass of ZnS in relation to the total weight of the composition.

LinkMatrix PA 6The ZnS content (% wt./wt.)
2-aPA 6-10
2-bPA 6-10,5
2-cPA 6-11
3-aPA 6-20
3-bPA 6-20,5
3-cPA 6-21

Were also prepared mixture using PA 6-1, 0.5 wt.% ZnS 1 and the specified percentage of the contents of the stabilizer and traditional pigments.

Used stabilizer is administered in the form of masterbatches PA 6, containing 10 wt.% a mixture of KI and CuI.

Various pigments used also injected in the form of masterbatches, the characteristics of which are the following:

• black pigment: Royal PA6 blend containing 20 wt.% pigman is a (Sandofil MP-HPLA-AN FG from Clariant);

• purple pigment 1: Royal PA6 blend containing 25 wt.% pigment (Sandofil MP-BPL FG from Clariant);

• brown pigment: Royal PA6 blend containing 50 wt.% pigment (Sandofil MP-a 2gl language-AN FG from Clariant);

• yellow pigment: Royal PA6 blend containing 25 wt.% pigment (Sandofil MP-2G AN FG from Clariant);

• blue pigment: Royal PA6 blend containing 20 wt.% pigment (Sandofil MP-2GLS AN FG from Clariant);

• red pigment: Royal PA6 blend containing 25 wt.% pigment (Sandofil MP-G-AN FG from Clariant).

Introduction ZnS, stabilizers and pigments in PA 6 is carried out by mixing the powders as described in example 1, and the mixture ekstragiruyut in the same working conditions as in examples 2 and 3, using as matrix PA 6.

We have received the following composition (base PA 6-1 + 0,5% ZnS 1).

td align="left"> -
Uterine mixture of pigments
LinkContent

ZnS

(% wt./wt.)
Content

stabilizer

in the fallopian

mix

(% wt./wt.)
Nature

pigment
The content of the pigment

in masterbatches

(% wt./wt.)
4-a100-0
4-a20,500
4-b100,2Pigment black1,6
4-b20,50,2Pigment black1,6
4-c100,2purple pigment 11,5
4-c20,50,2purple pigment 11,5
4-d100,2brown pigment2,0
4-d20,50,2brown pigment2,0
4-e100,2yellow pigment6,0
4-e20,50,2yellow pigment6,0
4-f100,2blue pigment2,3
4-f20,50,2blue pigment2,3
4-g100,2Red pigment3,5
4-g20,50,2Red pigment3,5

Polypropylene matrix

Used polypropylene, denoted PP (PP), presented yet a polypropylene with an index of Pro-Fax 6301, the company supplied Basel. Used ZnS is a ZnS 1.

IntroductionZnS in PP is the same way as in example 1, but the mixture before extrusion is not dried, and simply store in a desiccator over P2O5. The performance of the extruder are given below:

• melt temperature: about 210°C;

• the residence time in the melt: 3 minutes

For stage grinding the mixture is cooled with dry ice and liquid nitrogen.

We have received the following composition.

The percentage of ZnS expressed in the mass of ZnS in relation to the total weight of the composition.

LinkThe ZnS content (% wt./wt.)
5-a0
5-b0,5
5-c1

Polyester matrix

Were used two matrices on the basis of complex polyester, denoted by PET (PET).

• 1 PET: PET, not containing titanium dioxide, a viscosity index which is equal 83,6 (measured at a concentration of 5 g/l in a mixture of 50/50 wt./wt. phenol and dichlorobenzene).

• 2 PET: PET, containing 0.4% of titanium dioxide, the viscosity index is equal 74,6 (measured at a concentration of 5 g/l in a mixture of 50/50 wt./wt. phenol and dichlorobenzene).

Used ZnS is a ZnS 1.

IntroductionZnS PET is t is m the same way, in example 1, but the mixture is dried 16 h at 150°With vacuum 50 mbar, approximately. The performance of the extruder are given below:

• melt temperature: 280°C;

• the residence time in the melt: 3 minutes

We have received the following composition.

The percentage of ZnS expressed in the mass of ZnS in relation to the total weight of the composition.

LinkMatrix PATThe ZnS content (% wt./wt.)
6-aPET 10
6-bPET 10,5
6-cPET 11
7-aPET 20
7-bPET 20,5
7-cPET 21

Example 8: Obtaining filaments of polyamide 66 with addition or without addition of ZnS and manufacture of knitted surfaces

Receiving threads

Used polyamide 66, is a polyamide 66 containing no titanium dioxide, with a relative viscosity of 2.5 (measured at a concentration of 10 g/l in 96%sulfuric acid). Used ZnS is a ZnS 1. The introduction of ZnS in PA is carried out by mixing the powders, then in the molten phase by means of the extruder. The molten mixture for the eat is spun at a temperature of Spinneret head around 285° With cool air (20°C, relative humidity of 66%), accept with speed at the first point of reception of 4200 m/min so as to obtain a continuous mnogoelementnyi thread thickness 42 dtex, consisting of 10 filament fibers. Mnogomillionnoe fiber or filament formed from 10 single fiber, and the diameter of a single fiber is equal to approximately 20 μm.

We have received the following composition.

The percentage of ZnS expressed in the mass of ZnS in relation to the total weight of the composition.

LinkThe ZnS content (% wt./wt.)
8-a0
8-b1
8-c2

Characterization samples

Characteristics of the obtained filaments are given below:

• elongation at break: 80-85% (according to ISO 2062);

• tensile strength: 22-24 CN/Tex (ISO 2062).

Manufacture of knitted material

Manufacture of knitted surfaces made monocysteine knitting. Get socks with a diameter of about 8 cm, with a mass per unit surface area of about 35 g/cm2. Numbering unpainted jerseys identical numbering of threads: 8-a to 8-C.

Example 9: Obtaining filaments of polyamide 66 with addition or without addition of ZnS and manufacturing t is catanoso material

Receiving threads

Used polyamide 66 is a polyamide 66 containing no titanium dioxide, with a relative viscosity of 2.6 (measured at a concentration of 10 g/l in 96%sulfuric acid). Zinc sulphide, ZnS, injected in the form of masterbatches. Uterine mixture formed ZnS 1, entered in the amount of 40 wt.% in PA 6 with a relative viscosity of 2 (measured at a concentration of 10 g/l in 96%sulfuric acid). Uterine mixture is introduced into PA 66 in the extruder using a gravimetric feeder. Then melt spun at a temperature of Spinneret head about 286°With cool water and take with the speed at the first point of reception of 600 m/min, then pull with a factor of approximately 2.7 thus, to obtain continuous mnogoelementnyi thread thickness 1250 decitex of 68 filament fibers. Mnogomillionnoe fiber or filament formed from 68 single fiber, and the diameter of a single fiber is equal to approximately 43 microns.

We have received the following composition.

The percentage of ZnS expressed in the mass of ZnS in relation to the total weight of the composition.

LinkThe ZnS content (% wt./wt.)
9-a0
9-b0,2
9-c1

For comparison was used neath the thickness of 1250 decitex, consisting of 68 fibres, containing 0.3% TiO2she numbered as 9-E.

Characterization samples

Characteristics of the obtained filaments are given below:

• elongation at break: 40-44% (according to ISO 2062);

• tensile strength: 20-21 CN/Tex (ISO 2062).

Manufacture of knitted material

Manufacture of knitted surfaces made monocysteine knitting. Get socks with a diameter of about 6 cm, with a mass per unit surface area of about 300 g/cm2. Numbering unpainted jerseys identical numbering threads: 9-a to 9-C.

• the Jerseys were then painted in soft water with pH 6 when the module baths 1/50 according to the method known to the expert.

We used two different dye:

• dye 1: acid dye Acid Blue 80®supplied by the company CIBA;

• dye 1: metal-containing dye Acid Blue 284®supplied by the company Yorkshir.

Was not observed significant difference in absorption of the dye between 5 jerseys.

Then the samples are numbered as indicated in the table following.

The percentage of ZnS expressed in the mass of ZnS in relation to the total weight of the composition.

LinkThe content of ZnS

(% wt./wt.)
With the holding of TiO 2< / br>
(% wt./wt.)
Dye
9-a100Dye 1
9-b10,20Dye 1
9-c110Dye 1
9-d100,3Dye 1
9-a200Dye 2
9-b20,20Dye 2
9-c210Dye 2
9-d200,3Dye 2

Example 10: Production of Mokotow using yarns obtained according to example 9

Making threads for stitched pile surface

The threads obtained according to example 9 were prepared in the following way: merged two threads 1250/68 torsion at 220 rpm and thermophysical in accordance with the methodsuperba,well-known specialist.

Were made following items.

The index threadIndex termopolirovannoe
1250/68threads stitched pile surface
9-a10-a/td>
9-b10-b
9-c10-c
9-d10-d

The manufacturer Mokotow

The filaments obtained above was stitched primary substrate constituting the fabric of PP woven ribbons (Ribbon 9020 FS®supplied by the firm Carpet Backing, Italie). Was obtained stitched Saxon velour. Caliber equal to 1/10 with 50 stitches to 10 cm, height of the Mat is approximately 6 mm and the weight is equal to 820 g of threads on m2.

Stitched pile surface, obtained above, was sometimes painted as follows: 30 min at 98°C, pH 6 dye composition consisting of donatiello phosphate, unimagine (Univadine), tekstilnogo yellow (jaune Tectilon), tekstilnogo red (rouge Tectilon), tekstilnogo blue (bleu Tectilon), then softened (20 minutes at 40°s With a 0.5%solution of pasta Sandotex CD and 0.2 g/l tartaric acid). Unpainted or painted stitched pile surface were pasted on the secondary substrate constituting the fabric of PP (index: 72/730 HF®supplied by the firm Carpet Backing, Italie). The adhesive used is formed from synthetic SBS (SBS) latex + 500 wt. including calcium carbonate (index adhesive: Latex VM 612 IM 1201 Polyfass®supplied by the company Synthomer). Glue is put on the primary substrate so that after drying to obtain approximately 950 g glue on m2stitched in the owl's surface.

Get the following mokey.

The index thread for stitched pile surfaceStage

Dyeing
index

the carpet
10-aNo10-a1
Yes10-a2
10-bNo10-b1
Yes10-b2
10-cNo10-c1
Yes10-c2
10-dNo10-d1
Yes10-d2

Then, before the test activity, mokey subjected to extraction using water

Example 11: Obtain samples of glue for the carpet with addition or without addition of ZnS

The adhesive used is formed from synthetic SBS (SBS) latex + 500 wt. including calcium carbonate (index adhesive: Latex VM 612®supplied by the company Synthomer). Used ZnS is a ZnS 1, it is introduced into the adhesive in the form of a powder, then mixed in the mixer (Kika Labortechnik) for about 5-10 minutes. Glue, thus obtained, is applied to the cardboard in the shape of a disk with a diameter of 8 cm and a thickness of 2-3 mm

We have received the following composition.

Interest containing the s ZnS expressed in the mass of ZnS in relation to the total weight of the composition.

Index of glueThe ZnS content (% wt./wt.)
11-a0
11-b5

Example 12: the Characteristic behavior with respect to the clamp powders without ZnS and powders obtained according to examples 1-7

Principle

This characteristic is carried out by a laboratory certified by the Ministry of agriculture, fisheries and food industry. The aim of the experience is to evaluate the effectiveness of regulatory actions powders PA with or without additives ZnS behind the development of the population of dust mites (dermatophagoides pteronyssinus). Observation is carried out for two cycles of mites or 6 weeks.

The initial cultivation of ticks

Used pliers come from a laboratory strain, grown on a substrate consisting of a mixture of 50/50 (wt./wt.) wheat germ and brewer's yeast in the form of scales, calibrated screening (fragments of less than 1 mm). Temperature ranges from 23 to 25°C and relative humidity is maintained at the level of 75% using a saturated solution of ammonium sulfate. Strain remain in the dark. The strain obtained by the Laboratory of insects and mites food National Institute of agronomic research, Boron is about (INRA) according to the standard AFNOR NF G 39-011.

Experimental method

The method is carried out exactly in accordance with the standard AFNOR NF G 39-011 with the following variations:

• the experimental set-up consists of a sealed chamber with a diameter of 8 cm for ticks, but with the possibility of aeration, and which is:

* 5 g of culture medium (feed 1/Appendix NF G 39-011)

* 5 g of the investigated powder covering the bottom of the camera;

• a study carried out by placing 50 ticks in the above-mentioned installation;

• 4 repeat the exercise on the same day on an experimental factor, including experiments with control samples representing the same setup, but with the powder without additives; the results are expressed as the mean and average deviation for these 4 samples.

The control population consists of counting the number of living mites after 6 weeks. Since a direct calculation becomes impossible due to the structure of the substrate, using the method of extraction by heating in accordance with the standard AFNOR NF G 39-011.

The criterion of effectiveness of the additive is expressed as the ratio of control over the population of mites of the Communist party (CP), or:

(population in the powder without additives - population on the powder with the additive)

KP = ------------------------------------------------------------------------ x 100

the population on the powder without additives

When this sun is the estimate of the population carried out in 6 weeks.

Interpretation of KP as follows:

• the closer to 0 is the value of KP, the less effective will be additive, because the population in the sample with the additive develops at the same pace as the population in the sample without additive;

• the closer to 100 the value of KP, the more effective will be additive, because it completely destroys the population of ticks and stops the process of its growth.

Experimental results

The following tables provide a set of data obtained in different series of experiments.

Pure ZnS powders

Were tested pure powders:

• ZnS powder 1

• ZnS powder 2

In this case, the control sample for the growth of mites is not extruded PA 66. The results are as follows.

LinkThe number of living mites after 6 weeksKP
AverageThe average deviationAverage
PA not extruded86491
ZnS 13183163
ZnS 23053065

The natural increase in the number of ticks with the powder without dobackuponterm the representativeness of the study because it means extremely favourable conditions, which are powders: in fact, the population of ticks, not subjected to additive, have a growth factor of more than 15.

In two other cases ZnS leads to control over population of ticks.

The powders obtained according to example 1: matrix PA 66

The results are as follows.

LinkThe number of living mites after 6 weeksKP
AverageThe average deviationAverage
1-a193965
1-b184891
1-c1921790
LinkThe number of living mites after 6 weeksKP
AverageThe average deviationAverage
1-a2 82423
1-b21531981
1-c21331584

Control sample for the growth of mites is appropriate.

The introduction of additives in ZnS PA 66 stops the increase of population of ticks.

An additional test was carried out with the two powders, but with the replacement, during a special test, 5 g of a conventional nutrient medium 200 mg more "natural" nutrient medium consisting of 50% wt./wt. beard hair, pre-washed with ethanol, and 50% wt./wt. house dust, sifted through a sieve with cells 20 microns.

The results are as follows.

LinkThe number of living mites after 6 weeksKP
AverageThe average deviationAverage
1-a11017114
1-b11961681

Control sample for the growth of mites is appropriate.

Tick activity ZnS, introduced in PA 66, proablems who even in the presence of very high-calorie food for mites.

The powders obtained according to examples 2-4: matrix PA 6

The results are as follows.

LinkThe number of living mites after 6 weeksKP
AverageThe average deviationAverage
2-a70723
2-b1311081
2-c1241182
LinkThe number of living mites after 6 weeksKP
AverageThe average deviationAverage
3-a82066
3-b2663668
3-c2442770
LinkThe number of living mites after 6 weeksKP
AverageThe average deviationAverage
4-a170723
4-a21311081
4-b161053
4-b22001867
4-c178245
4-c22052974
4-d180037
4-d21463582
4-e184741
4-e21141987
4-f173080
4-f22102071
4-g174968
4-g22112572

Control sample for the growth of mites is appropriate for each control sample.

The introduction of additives in ZnS PA 6 stops the increase of population of ticks even in the presence of other additives (TiO2, stabilizer, pigments).

The powders obtained according to example 5: the PP matrix

The results are as follows.

LinkThe number of living mites after 6 weeksKP
AverageThe average deviationAverage
5-a83355
5-b3593657
5-c2193274

Control sample for the growth of mites is appropriate.

The introduction of additives ZnS in paragraphs stops the increase of population of ticks.

The powders obtained according to examples 6 and 7: matrix PET

The results are as follows.

LinkThe number of living mites after 6 weeksKP
AverageThe average deviationAverage
6-a87061
6-b3432761
6-c1861879
LinkThe number of living mites after 6 weeksKP
Average Average
7-a87056
7-b2174775
7-c2273674

Control sample for the growth of mites is appropriate.

The introduction of additives in ZnS PET stops the increase of population of ticks.

Example 13: the Characteristic behavior with respect to the clamp jerseys, obtained according to examples 8 and 9, Mokotow obtained according to example 10, adhesives, obtained according to example 11

Experimental method

This characteristic is made in the same laboratory that conducted the tests of example 12. The principle of description, the origin of mites are identical. The method is similar, except that the experimental set-up consists of a chamber with a diameter of 8 cm, impervious to mites, but allow aeration, and which are:

* 5 g of culture medium (feed 1 / Appendix NF G 39-011);

* one part of the investigated jerseys, carpet or adhesive covers the bottom of the camera.

The method of counting mites and calculation of coefficient of control over the population of mites (KP) is identical to example 12.

(the population on the part of the product without additives - population on the part of the articles of the Oia with additive)

KP = ---------------------------------------------------------------- x 100

the population on the part of the product without additives

All estimates of population carried out in 6 weeks.

Experimental results

The following tables represent the totality of the data for different series of experiments.

Jerseys, obtained according to example 8

The results are as follows.

LinkThe number of living mites after 6 weeksKP
AverageThe average deviationAverage
8-a84850
8-b2572472
8-c1771681

Control sample for the growth of ticks corresponds to the test sample of the Jersey.

Tick activity ZnS detected after the stage of spinning and knitting: the introduction of additives in ZnS PA 66 stops the increase of population of ticks.

Jerseys, obtained according to example 9

The results are as follows.

LinkThe number of Siviglia after 6 weeks KP
AverageThe average deviationAverage
9-a87826
9-b3912455
LinkThe number of living mites after 6 weeksKP
AverageThe average deviationAverage
9-a180946
9-b13483457
LinkThe number of living mites after 6 weeksKP
AverageThe average deviationAverage
9-a279488
9-b23192560

Control sample for the growth of ticks corresponds to the reference samples unpainted or painted jerseys.

Tick activity ZnS detected after the stage of spinning, knitting and dyeing: the introduction of additives in ZnS PA 66 stops the process of increasing population is AI ticks.

Mokey obtained according to example 10

The results are as follows.

LinkThe number of living mites after 6 weeksKP
AverageThe average deviationAverage
10-a185227
10-b12584470
10-c11291585
10-d1800307
LinkThe number of living mites after 6 weeksKP
AverageThe average deviationAverage
10-a279129
10-b22751765
10-c21121286
10-d2757384

Control sample for the growth of ticks corresponds to the reference samples unpainted or painted Mokotow.

Tick activity ZnS discovered after the study is spinning, the manufacture of carpet and painting: the introduction of additives in ZnS PA 66 stops the increase of population of ticks.

An additional experiment was conducted on the same painted maketh, but the period for the growth of mites was 9 weeks, instead of the commonly used 6 weeks.

The results are as follows.

LinkThe number of living mites after 6 weeksKP
AverageThe average deviationAverage
10-a2118024
10-c2119790
10-d211701061

Control sample for the growth of ticks corresponds to reference samples of painted Mokotow.

Tick activity ZnS detected and confirmed for a longer period of time and even tends to increase.

The adhesives obtained according to example 11

The results are as follows.

LinkThe number of living mites after 6 weeksKP
AverageThe average discard the tion Average
11-a78639
11-b4062051

Control sample for the growth of ticks corresponds to the test sample of the Jersey.

Example 14: the Characteristic behavior with respect to the clamp of Mokotow from PA, the surface of which is treated with ZnS powder

Principle

The aim of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of the powder designed for application to flooring, by health and/or preventive treatment to fight against dust mites.

This characteristic is performed in the same laboratory that conducted the tests of example 12. The origin of mites is identical.

The test consists of two parts:

• Wellness treatment by applying the product on the population of ticks on their location;

• preventive treatment by applying mites on the surface of Mokotow, the pre-treated product.

Observation is carried out for at least two cycles or 6 weeks and compared with a population not exposed to the product.

Experimental method

Experimental method implemented in the framework of the experiment under a hundred the standard AFNOR NF G 39-011.

The experimental setup consists of a chamber with a diameter of 8 cm, impervious to mites, but allow aeration, and which are:

* some outdoor carpet with a short nylon pile;

* 5 g of the nutrient medium (dust + flakes of skin);

* the corresponding dose of the investigated powder.

Studied ZnS is a ZnS 1.

Procedure Wellness treatments:

• about 50 active mites applied to mokey;

• analyzed product is mixed with feed and a sprinkle of salt on the carpet containing mites;

• 4 repeat the exercise on the same day for the experimental factors, including the experiment with the control samples representing the same installation, but without product;

• the product is applied from the calculation of 160 mg/m2;

• 2 counting populations of ticks carry out after 4 and 6 weeks of incubation under optimal conditions of development.

Procedure preventive treatment:

• the product is mixed with feed and a sprinkle of salt on the part of Mokotow without mites;

• one month about 50 active mites is applied to the treated mokey;

• 4 repeat the exercise for the experimental factor, including experiments with control samples representing the same installation, but without product (the same control on the style, for health treatment);

• the product is applied at the rate of 10, 40, 80 and 160 mg/m2;

• counting populations of ticks carried out after 6 weeks of incubation under optimal conditions of development.

Controls for population consist in counting the number of living mites after a period of incubation, 4 or 6 weeks.

The method of counting mites and calculation of coefficient of control over the population of mites (KP) is identical to example 12.

(the population of raw parts items - population in the treated part)

PAC = ----------------------------------------------------------------------- x 100

population in the untreated part of the product

All estimates of population control and the treated sample passes through the same number of weeks.

EXPERIMENTAL PLAN

Wellness treatment:

• the analyzed powder: 160 mg/m2;

• untreated control sample.

Preventive treatment:

• the analyzed powder: 10, 40, 80 and 160 mg/m2;

• untreated control sample.

Experimental results

The following tables provide aggregate data for different series of experiments.

Wellness test

The results are as follows.

ProcessingNumber

(mg/m2)
The number of living

mites

after 4 weeks
KP

4 weeks
The number of living

mites

after 6 weeks
KP

6 weeks
AverageThe average deviationAverageAverageThe average deviationAverage
No2573990532
ZnS 116014826422842669

Control sample for the growth of ticks corresponds to the rough carpet.

Tick activity ZnS detected, the effect increases with increasing time of incubation.

Preventive treatment

The results are as follows.

ProcessingNumber

(mg/m2)
The number of living

mites

after 4 weeks
KP

4 weeks
The number of living

mites

after 6 weeks
KP

6 weeks
AverageThe average deviationAverageAverageThe average deviationAverage
No2573990532
ZnS 110242296849376
ZnS 14015419403612060
ZnS 18014214453153365
ZnS 116012312522902868

Control sample for the growth of ticks corresponds to the rough carpet.

Tick activity is again detected, the effect increases with increasing time of incubation and concentration applied to the carpet.

Example 15: a Liquid composition with special properties for the treatment of textile surfaces

Water
IngredientsFunction% mass
90,5%
ZnS1%
Acrylic polymer0,2%
2-amino-2-methylpropanol-10,2%
(C12-C14)alcohol, ethoxylated 7

the moles EO
Nonionic surfactants

the active ingredient
0,1%
Isoparaffinic hydrocarbonSolvent8%

Example 16: a Liquid composition with special properties for the treatment of textile surfaces

IngredientsFunction% mass
Water75,5%
ZnS2%
Laurelthirst sodiumAnionic surface-

the active ingredient
10%
Centrilobular-focaccinaAnionic surface-

the active ingredient
10%
IsopropanolSolvent2%
Add (ethylenediaminetetraacetic

acid)
The complexing agents0,5%

Example 17: EDCI stain remover with special properties for textile surfaces

IngredientsFunction%mass
Water93,72%
ZnS0,08%
Methyl ether of tripropyleneglycolThe hydrophobic solvent5%
(C10-C12)alcohol, ethoxylated

2.6 moles EO
Nonionic surfactants

the active ingredient
0,5%
Sodium lauryl sulfateAnionic surface-

the active ingredient
0,3%
Add (ethylenediaminetetraacetic

acid)
The complexing agents0,4%

Example 18: a Powder composition with special properties for cleaning Mokotow

IngredientsFunction% mass
Decapitations borate sodium79%
ZnS1%
Aluminium oxide12%
Monotropy ether of ethylene glycol6%
The linear polyethylene glycol

Speer is and
Nonionic surfactants

the active ingredient
1%
Perfume0,5%
Remedy for preventing

clumping
0,5%

Example 19: Aerosol composition with special properties for cleaning Mokotow

IngredientsFunction% mass
Sodium lauryl sulfateFoaming surface-

the active ingredient
2,5%
ZnS1%
Laurylsarcosine sodiumAnionic surface-

the active ingredient
3,5%
N-propyl ether, DIPROPYLENE-glycolSolvent3%
Polietilenglikolmonostearat0,3%
IsobutanePropellant4,25%
PropanePropellant0,75%
Perfume0,5%
Sodium tetraborateThe oxidizing agent0,75%
Water83,45%

1. The application is alfida zinc as protection products.

2. The use according to claim 1 in compositions for oiling threads, fibers, filament fibers.

3. The use according to claim 1 in solid or liquid compositions for cleaning and/or treatment of textile surfaces.

4. The use according to claim 1 in the threads, fibers, filament fibers obtained by spinning a polymer composition containing the zinc sulfide.

5. The use according to claim 4, characterized in that the polymer composition comprises a thermoplastic matrix.

6. The use according to claim 5, wherein thermoplastic matrix is a polyamide, a copolymer polyamides, or a mixture of polyamides.

7. The use according to claim 5, wherein thermoplastic matrix is a complex polyester, copolymer of polyesters or a mixture of polyesters.

8. The use according to claim 1 in the product obtained from filaments, fibers or filament fibers, such as described in one of claims 4-7.

9. The use according to claim 1 in composite textile product, and the zinc sulfide is present in at least one component of the product.

10. The use according to claim 9, characterized in that the textile product is a pile surface.

11. The use according to claim 9, characterized in that the textile product is a stitched pile surface.



 

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4 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: agriculture, in particular method for increasing of beet yield and sugar content.

SUBSTANCE: seeds are treated by spraying in leaf clamping step with titanium tetrachloride diluted in dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO). Concentration of DMSO is 0.1-2 %; titanium tetrachloride consumption is up to 50 g per 1 hectare of seeds. Ratio of titanium tetrachloride:dimethylsulfoxide is 100-200 l per 1 hectare. Treatment is carried out twice in vegetation period, namely the first treatment is carried out in leaf clamping step and the second one in 15-20 days before harvesting of root crops.

EFFECT: increased beet yield and sugar content.

1 tbl, 1 ex

FIELD: agents for plant protection useful in controlling of plant diseases of viral, bacterial and fungal etiology as well as in controlling of hookworms and arthropods.

SUBSTANCE: claimed agent contains (wt. %): water soluble product of iodine interaction with organic reagent 7-70; organic solvent 2-20; non-ionic surfactant 1-10; and water 1-90. Abovementioned organic reagent represents polyethylene glycol alkyl or alkylphenyl ester; and organic solvent represents ethylene glycol, triethylene glycol or polyethylene glycol. Weight ratio of iodine and organic reagent is from 1:2 to 1:10. As non-ionic surfactant preferably proxanol or oxyethylated alkylphenol based on polymer distillate is used.

EFFECT: simplified agent for plant protection.

3 cl, 3 tbl, 10 ex

FIELD: drug plants breeding.

SUBSTANCE: claimed method includes utilization of manganese salt aqueous solution having concentration of 2.5-100 mM or auxin aqueous solution having concentration of 0.01-0.10 mM as agents to enhance ecdysteroid content in drug plants. Plant is treated with manganese salt aqueous solution having concentration of 2.5-100 mM or auxin aqueous solution having concentration of 0.01-0.10 mM wherein treatment preferably is carried out during one day before harvesting.

EFFECT: drug plants of increased ecdysteroid content.

4 cl, 6 ex

FIELD: organic chemistry, pesticides.

SUBSTANCE: claimed composition represents mixture of carvacrol and thymol compounds with salt of transition metal, namely zinc, wherein carvacrol and thymol compound/zinc ratio is from 60:40 to 65:35. Also described is pesticide composition containing mixture of carvacrol and thymol compounds with salt of transition metal, namely zinc, and at least one carrier, wherein weight ratio of carvacrol to thymol is 10:1. Claimed method for parasite controlling includes step of composition blending with carrier and application thereof onto target area.

EFFECT: composition for pest controlling and prevention of contamination with pests such as insect, mite, fungi or parasites.

FIELD: agriculture, in particular, flower growing.

SUBSTANCE: method involves treating plants with chemical, with sodium humus solution having concentration of 0.001% being used as chemical; placing cleaned tuber bud into said solution and holding in warm room for up to 15 hours; planting swelled tuber bud into ground, wherein sewage water silt is additionally applied in an amount of 6 kg/m2. Simultaneous application of dose of sewage water silt allows disease resistance of flower crops to be improved.

EFFECT: provision for producing of high-quality planting material with improved disease resistance.

2 tbl, 3 ex

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: claimed composition contains (mass %, according to variants): 1) extracts from organs and/or seeds of coniferous trees 0.05-99,7; nitrogen 0-75; phosphorus 0-75; potassium 0-75; calcium 0.0001-18; sulfur 0-75; copper 0-60; iron 0-60; boron 0-30; manganese 0-60; zinc 0-60; molybdenum 0-50; cobalt 0-30; magnesium 0-60; sodium 0-50; and balance: water; 2) extracts from organs and/or seeds of coniferous trees 1.0-37; nitrogen 0-75; phosphorus 0-75; potassium 0-75; calcium 0.0001-25; sulfur 0-75; copper 0-60; iron 0-06; boron 0-30; manganese 0-60; zinc 0-60; molybdenum 0-50; cobalt 0-30; magnesium 0-60; sodium 0-50, treatment agent, fungicide, herbicide, insecticide and/or active ingredient of treatment agent, fungicide, herbicide, insecticide 0-98.0; and balance: water; 3) extracts from organs and/or seeds of coniferous trees 2.5-74; nitrogen 0-75; phosphorus 0-75; potassium 0-75; calcium 0.0001-32; sulfur 0-75; copper 0-60; iron 0-06; boron 0-30; manganese 0-60; zinc 0-60; molybdenum 0-50; cobalt 0-30; magnesium 0-60; sodium 0-50, treatment agent, fungicide, herbicide, insecticide and/or active ingredient of treatment agent, fungicide, herbicide, insecticide 0-97.4; and balance: water. Method for plant growth regulation and protection thereof from diseases also is described.

EFFECT: composition of improved quality for accelerated plant growth and development, and protection thereof from diseased.

4 cl, 4 tbl

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: plant growth promoter comprises the following components used in the ratio, wt%: potassium humate 0.7-1.5; polyethylene oxide-400 15.0-40.0; polyethylene oxide 1500 30.0-60.0; water the balance.

EFFECT: increased activity of plant growth promoter, provision for regulation of sugar content in cellular water and increased cryoprotective and adaptogenic properties.

4 dwg, 29 ex

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention describes a method involving treatment of planting material with the natural mineral bischofite solution in the concentration from 15 to 100 wt.-% and consumption 10-18 l/t of seeds. Method is used bischofite solution activated by magnetic field at power value 450-800 E for treatment of seeds that is used in vegetation (leaf feeding) feeding plants. Method provides enhancing resistance of cereal crops against sickness and pests of agricultural plants.

EFFECT: improved method for resistance.

23 tbl

FIELD: organic chemistry, fungicides.

SUBSTANCE: invention describes a fungicide mixture containing carbamate of the formula (Ia):

and copper-containing fungicide taken in synergistically active amount. Also, invention describes a method for control of phytopathogenic fungi and applying compounds for a synergistic mixture eliciting the fungicide properties. Fungicide mixtures provide inhibition of phytophthora infection in tomato plants.

EFFECT: improved method for control, valuable fungicide properties of mixtures.

8 cl, 6 tbl, 3 ex

FIELD: plant protection.

SUBSTANCE: invention provides fungicidal composition comprising aqueous solution of ferric sulfate (50%) and calcium hydroxide (20%) to produce neutral or low alkaline reaction of working fluid. Composition is further supplemented by urea as mineral fertilizer (30%). Ratio of total amount of components to water is (1-3):100 and pH of solution is 5.5-7.5.

EFFECT: enabled supplementary function of fungicide as extra-root additional fertilizing thereby favorably influencing growth and fructification of fruit plants.

2 cl, 5 tbl

FIELD: plant protection.

SUBSTANCE: invention provides fungicidal composition comprising aqueous solution of ferric sulfate (50%) and calcium hydroxide (20%) to produce neutral or low alkaline reaction of working fluid. Composition is further supplemented by urea as mineral fertilizer (30%). Ratio of total amount of components to water is (1-3):100 and pH of solution is 5.5-7.5.

EFFECT: enabled supplementary function of fungicide as extra-root additional fertilizing thereby favorably influencing growth and fructification of fruit plants.

2 cl, 5 tbl

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