Rail lengths stockpiling device

FIELD: railway transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to mechanization of track works connected with stockpiling of rail lengths on intermediate storage grounds. Proposed device includes additional guide equipment including mechanisms for cross displacement of rail lengths relative to rail track furnished with release rail grips and pulling equipment including pair of flexible ties secured of fixed stops for connecting with ends of rail lengths of train. Mechanisms for cross displacement of rail lengths are made in form of horizontal frames arranged in end of rail-carrying train and on trailing inclined ramp connected to train arranged symmetrically in pairs relative to train axis in crosswise manner. Drive truck carrying rail grip is installed on each horizontal frame. Rail grip is made in form of pair of rollers with vertical axles of rotation. Working profile of each roller suits profile of cavities of rail length. Truck drive is two-speed. Device is furnished with horizontal beam placed across track, with row of holes according to location of lengths of rails to be stockpiled. Pair of guide holders is secured in two of said holes to pass flexible ties. Said holders can be re-placed along beam.

EFFECT: increased volume of stockpiling of rail lengths out of the limits of track, reduced loading forces in radial lengths and working guide members, reduced input of hand labor.

3 cl, 5 dwg

 

The invention relates to railway transport, namely, devices for mechanization of track works associated with storage rail lashes on intermediate sites, warehouses.

Currently, the railway network is being widely implemented seamless way, requiring significantly increased transportation and warehousing rail lashes inside of a rut, and with its outer side intermediate areas-warehouses.

A device for laying and relaying rail lashes railway (U.S. Pat. 2171870 RF, MPK7 E 01 29/05, Appl. 26.05.99). The device contains two frames, the basic and additional resting on supports two rollers for guiding the movement of rail lashes that can be used for storing whips outside gauge with engine and additional frame, providing a lifting rail lashes, removal and laying lifted lashes beyond the gauge directly from her vicinity. The drawbacks are the small storage capacity of rail lashes outside of the rut and storage directly from the gauge proximity, due to the purpose and operation of actuators and limit their overall capabilities. The use of locomotive traction unit when unloading whips out the gauge requires first, the availability of expensive equipment, and secondly, the availability of access roads.

A device for manipulation of a long rail whips, providing unloading rail lashes with railway rolling stock and warehousing lashes over limit gauge (brochure Slovakia "Composition for manipulating long rail whips CDK-2 (CDK-2)"), adopted as a prototype. Railways of Slovakia and the Czech Republic use the special composition of the transporting rail lashes to the place of installation. The loading on the structure, unloading and warehousing rail lashes to a distance of 2 meters from the axis of the gauge provides the manipulator with hydraulic drive, with the ability to rotate 360°and two arrows with independent hydraulic control. The known device has several disadvantages:

1. Small storage capacity outside the track, not providing the need for rail production in the winter, when not produced work on laying the rails. This is due to the appointment, the principle guiding devices and limit their overall capabilities, and improving the latter is impossible without change first. For example, to increase the size of storage is not enough simply increasing departure article who ate hydraulic cranes, because, except for the deviations of the scourge in the direction of greater than before, the amount necessary to straighten, and also on the large size, as in places of removal and paving or on platforms spetssostav, either on-site warehouse, and to keep it from shifting and tilting, and it is impossible to perform a single capture of the manipulator without the use of additional power stops and auxiliary unsafe manual labor.

2. The fixing of the ends of the paged lashes for the elements of the superstructure, without any special safety devices, first, exposes these elements unintended impact loads, often exceeding the calculated (permissible), and secondly, it is not possible to increase the amount of storage by expanding the size of the warehouse, because the maximum width direction of the flexible connections with the ends of the pipe does not exceed the dimension of the location of the rails of a track.

3. Loading, unloading ends of the lashes on the composition and back, produced by the manipulator, require, first, the availability of expensive equipment, and secondly, there is space in the stock for its technological placing third, do not cover capital costs, fourth, technologically complex, as they require precise orientation of the lifting bodies and their workers movement is the second in order to prevent tilting of whips.

The proposed device for storing rail lashes in equipped areas inside and on the outside of the track path by equipping rolling stock complexes devices, allowing you to store the required volume of rail lashes at the intermediate areas-warehouses.

The technical result of the present invention is to increase the amount of storage rail lashes outside track on the distance from the gauge allowable envelope approximation buildings to train composition, the load reduction efforts in the whips and guides the working bodies, as well as reducing manual labor.

The technical result is achieved in that the device for storing rail lashes, containing additional to relsovoznymi composition guiding equipment, including mechanisms transverse axis rail travel lashes, provided razlichimie rail grips and traction equipment, including a pair of flexible connections attached to the stationary lugs for connection with the ends of the rail lashes on the composition, mechanisms of cross-axis rail travel lashes made in the form posted at the end of resovskogo composition and attached an inclined ramp transverse arranged in pairs symmetrically to the axis SOS is ava horizontal frames, in such a way that the distance from the symmetry axis to the end of each frame corresponds to half the width of the generated warehouse, and the height of the frame is installed with a clearance from the surface of the warehouse, in addition, on each frame, there is mounted a drive trolley with height adjustable vertical pivot bearing protivotrevozhny razlichimy rail grip, made in the form of a pair of rollers with vertical axes of rotation, one of which is mounted directly on the bolt, and the second on a folding axis that is associated with the bolt through the hinge and stopper, while working profile of each clip corresponds to the profile of the sinuses rail scourge. Drive truck made two speed, including associated with trolley chain drive with two rollers mounted on the ends of the frame, and placed on one of the shafts in the bearing housing of the worm gear, equipped with a handle and latch, and a worm wheel rigidly mounted on the specified shaft, and the worm is provided in addition handle or mechanical drive. Device for storing rail lashes equipped laid across the path of the horizontal beam, is provided in accordance with the location of stored whips a number of holes fixed in two of them adjustable along the beam by a pair of guide clips to pull across these flexible links, this flexible connection secured to stationary supports on-site warehouse.

Implementation mechanisms transverse axis rail travel lashes in the form posted at the end of resovskogo composition and attached an inclined ramp transverse arranged in pairs symmetrically to the axis of the composition of the horizontal frame so that the distance from the symmetry axis to the end of each frame corresponds to half the width of the created storage, placing on each frame drive truck with a height-adjustable vertical pivot bearing protivotrevozhny razlichimy rail grip, made in the form of a pair of rollers with vertical axes of rotation, one of which is mounted directly on the bolt, and the second on a folding axis that is associated with the bolt through the hinge and stopper, under the working profile of each roller profile sinuses rail scourge provide the possibility of increasing the volume of the storage rail lashes outside gauge in accordance with the size of the warehouse for storage of whips in the form of pyramidal stacked in several rows and tiers. The running rollers with a vertical axis of rotation, according to their working profile profile lashes allows placement of the rollers in the axils of the lashes, full coverage of the sinuses, which ensures reliable UD is neigh lashes from shifting and tilting when the bend in the plan and allows you to exclude the operation is inefficient manual labor. Due to the separation of strain on the spontaneous, at initial sagging of the ends of the lashes, and forced bending of the ends of the whips in the plan, decrease the voltage whips, the guide device and the bending stress of the whips in the plan. The lack of people bending the ends of the whips in the plan allows you to increase the speed of movement of the composition during storage of the lashes. Performing drive two speed, including associated with trolley chain drive with two rollers mounted on the ends of the frame, placing on one of the shafts in the bearings of the housing of the worm gear, equipped with a handle and latch, securing the worm wheel rigidly on the specified shaft and the supply of worm optional handle or mechanical drive allow accelerated supply rail clamps with initial positions submitted to the ends of the lashes and slow clamp lashes with the necessary force, which increases the efficiency of the device. Having laid across the horizontal path of the beam, is provided in accordance with the location of stored whips a number of holes fixed in two of them adjustable along the beam by a pair of guide clips to pull through them flexible ties to hold them in place for a fixed stops at the site of the warehouse allows the COI is lesofat the size of the warehouse to increase storage.

Figure 1 shows additional to relsovoznymi composition traction and guiding equipment;

figure 2 shows the horizontal frame placed on them by trucks carrying rail clamps;

figure 3 shows the rail grip placed on the trolley;

figure 4 shows a diagram of the storage rail lashes inside and outside the track.

figure 5 shows the drive of the truck.

Device for storing rail lashes contains extra to relsovoznymi composition traction and guiding equipment. Traction equipment includes fixed fixed pad 1 to pad 2 warehouse (anchor device or path elements) a pair of flexible connections 3 for connection with the ends of the rail lashes 4 in part 5. Guiding equipment contains razmykaetsya rail clamps 6 and mechanisms for transverse movement relative to the axis of the track made in the form of horizontal frames 7, installed in pairs on opposite sides of the axis of symmetry at the end resovskogo composition 5 and trailed him an inclined ramp 8. The width of each frame 7 from the symmetry axis to the edge of the frame corresponds to half the width of the generated warehouse, and the height of the frame 7 are mounted with a gap with respect to the platform 2 of the warehouse. Each frame 7 installed the drive carriage 9 can be moved on healthy lifestyles the guide grooves 10, made along the frame 7. Each carriage 9 is provided with a vertical pivot 11, height adjustable through a screw connection 12, which carries razlichimy rail grip 6. The grip 6 is made in the form of two rollers 13 and 14 with vertical axes of rotation, and the working profiles of the rollers correspond to the profile of the sinuses rail lashes 4. The roller 13 is mounted directly on the bolt 11, and the roller 14 is mounted on the hinged axis 15 that is associated with the bolt 11 by means of hinge 16 and the stopper 17. Drive the truck 9 is made of two-speed and consists of a chain 18 fixed to the body of the truck 9, and has two shafts 19, 20 mounted on the ends of the frame 7. At one end of the shaft 19 is placed on the bearing housing 21 of the worm gear, has an arm 22, which is designed for fast moving truck 9, and the latch 23, intended for fixing the housing 21 relative to the frame 7. The worm wheel 24 is rigidly fixed on the shaft 19 and the screw nut 25 has an arm 26 or mechanical actuator (not shown)that provides low-speed trolley 9, but with much more effort due to the gear ratio of the worm gear. The device is equipped with beam 27 with a number of holes 28 that are intended for them, in accordance with the location of all stock whips 4, the guides of the clips 29. Two CTE is steh 28 fixed swap a pair of guide clips 29 channel to pull through it flexible connections 3, which in addition to the anchoring device 1 can be assigned to the elements of the track with the help of hooks 30. For storage of rail lashes 4 on the outside of the track in the form of pyramidal stacked in multiple tiers are lining slip 31 under the lower tier, and between tiers - strip roller 32 with the flanges 33 along the edges of each layer to prevent the fall of the lashes with the tiers.

The device operates as follows. For storage of rail lashes 4 outside gauge Ressovsky part 5 serves to the end of the platform 2 of the warehouse. The ends of the pair of rail lashes 4 in Ressovsky part 5 connected by flexible connections 3 with a fixed pad 1 to pad 2 warehouse and tighten the scourge 4 of part 5 as it moves forward. At the beginning of the discharge ends of the pair of lashes 4 pull together with composition 5 until they support at the same time to the site 2 warehouse and composition 5 without exposure to rail grippers 6, which are mounted on the pins 11 trucks 9 located in the initial position on the side of the whips 4, providing samoiscelenie ends of the pipe 4 in the vertical direction. Then use the handles 22 of the drive trucks 9 placed on the frames 7 of the guide device, the curved ends of the pipe 4 rapidly down the grippers 6, and enclose them with arms 26 of the worm gear, which slowly move zahwah the s 6. For this sinus abridged lashes 4 having rollers 13, and then the rollers 14, closing their stoppers 17. If necessary, use the height adjustment with threaded connection 12 of the bolt 11. The rollers 13 and 14, the profile of the working surface which corresponds to the profile of the sinuses of the pipe 4, cover scourge 4, providing a secure hold of the ends of the whips when they bend in the plan in the form of S-shaped curves. Then the grippers 6 is fixed by clamps 23 of the housing 21 of the drive trucks 9 relative to the frame 7 on the ramp 8 and relavation part 5 and then moving part 5, continue unloading and storage of the pipe 4. The direction of flexible connections 3, in accordance with the location of the pipe 4 in stock, change and fix by means of horizontal beams 27 with a number of holes 28, to lock the two of them a pair of adjustable guides of the clips 29. The beam 27 is placed horizontally across the path and passing through the channels in the clips 29 installed in the respective holes of the beam 27, a flexible connection 3 and fix them for stationary pad 1 to pad 2 warehouse or elements in the path of the hook 30. Store the scourge outside track in the form of pyramidal stacked in multiple layers with stacking with the estimated interval under the lower tier of the linings of the slide 31, and between the tiers gaskets bearings 32 and flanges 33 along the edges of each tier.

1. is a device for storing rail lashes, containing additional to relsovoznymi composition guiding equipment, including mechanisms transverse axis rail travel lashes, provided razlichimie rail grips and traction equipment, including a pair of flexible connections attached to the stationary lugs for connection with the ends of the rail lashes on the composition, characterized in that the mechanisms transverse axis rail travel lashes made in the form posted at the end of resovskogo composition and attached an inclined ramp transverse arranged in pairs symmetrically to the axis of the horizontal composition of frames, so that the distance from the symmetry axis to the end of each frame corresponds to half the width of the generated stock, and the height of the frame is installed with a clearance from the surface of the warehouse, in addition, on each frame, there is mounted a drive trolley with height adjustable vertical pivot bearing protivotrevozhny razlichimy rail grip, made in the form of a pair of rollers with vertical axes of rotation, one of which is mounted directly on the bolt, and the second folding axis that is associated with the bolt through the hinge and stopper, while working profile of each clip corresponds to the profile of the sinuses rail scourge.

2. Device for storing re sovich lashes according to claim 1, characterized in that the drive performed a two-speed, including associated with trolley chain drive with two rollers mounted on the ends of the frame, and placed on one of the shafts in the bearing housing of the worm gear, equipped with a handle and latch, and a worm wheel rigidly mounted on the specified shaft, and the worm is provided in addition handle or mechanical drive.

3. Device for storing rail lashes according to claim 1, characterized in that it is provided with a laid across the path of the horizontal beam, is provided in accordance with the location of stored whips a number of holes fixed in two of them adjustable along the beam by a pair of guide clips to pull through with these flexible connections, flexible connection secured to stationary supports on-site warehouse.



 

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