Automated apparatus for transplanting of hair for manufacture of wig and method for manufacture of wig

FIELD: wig manufacture.

SUBSTANCE: automated apparatus for transplanting of hair has means for feeding of artificial hairs to base surface and needle adapted for reciprocation in direction perpendicular to surface of base for puncturing of stretched base and pulling of artificial hair from reverse surface of base. Apparatus has conveyor table designed for placement of base and positioned for moving in directions perpendicular to one another, and tension relieving means for relieving of base from its stretched state. Described in Specification is method for manufacture of wig.

EFFECT: increased efficiency and improved quality of wigs.

19 cl, 53 dwg

 

The technical field

The present invention relates to the automation of manufacturing of wigs, in particular to an automated device for hair transplantation for making wig and method of manufacturing a wig.

Description of the prior art

In the manufacture of wig segment of hair intended for transplantation, fold double, and one by one manually transplanted on a thick volume basis. After transplantation on the basis of one folded segment of the hair looks as if it was transplanted two of the hair. For once you can transplant a few folded segments of hair.

However, this known manual method is very inefficient, because for transplantation, for example, 20000 hair requires two to three weeks. In the manufacture of wigs overseas to save on labor costs, increases the number of defective products and decreases the performance.

Past attempts to develop automated systems for manufacturing wigs were unsuccessful.

The present invention is directed to solving the aforementioned problem with the above prior art. The present invention is the creation of an automated device for hair transplantation for the manufacture of p is Rick and method of manufacturing a wig, which allows you to automate the production of wigs and ensures fast and efficient production of wigs without yield low quality.

The invention

To solve the above-mentioned objectives of the proposed automated device for hair transplantation for making wig, characterized in that it contains a conveyor table, means for supplying bases on the conveyor table, means tensioning/positioning framework, designed for the application of tension to the base, served on the conveyor table means for supplying the basics, to position the base in the extended condition, means for supplying artificial hair to supply artificial hair of a given length on the first surface of the base, served on the conveyor table means for supplying the substrate and positioned in an extended state by means of tensioning/positioning, needle, adapted for movement in a direction perpendicular to the surfaces of the bases, pierce the base with the back surface relative to the first mentioned surface, subsequent engagement on said first surface of artificial hair filed by the means for supplying artificial hair, and return back to the above-mentioned back surface with artificial hair pulling on said back surface is of the basis for his transplant on the basis tool to bring the table into motion to move the conveyor table in the directions X and Y perpendicular to each other, with a given step to repeat the transplantation of the artificial hair needle with a given step, and a tool to relieve tension, applied by means of tensioning/positioning, to release the stretched state the basis on which it was transplanted artificial hair, after the operation of the artificial hair transplantation needle.

A method of manufacturing a wig according to the invention lies in the fact that serves a thin flat base on the conveyor table, put tension to stretch the basics on the conveyor table, the stretched position based on the conveyor table, serves artificial hair to the first surface of the elongated base, gear filed artificial hair needle reciprocating movement to puncture the extended basis, and the needle, saralaya artificial hair pierces the basis to artificial hair transplant on the stretched base, repeat the transplantation of the artificial hair needle during movement of the conveyor table with the specified step and released from the stretched state basis after completion of operation the artificial hair transplantation needle. How can the t additionally include the step of applying the first adhesive on the reverse surface of the base for fixing the transplanted artificial hair on the basis of the stage of applying the second adhesive on said first surface basis.

The proposed method prevents the connection holes created by the needle when hair transplantation, between itself and the formation of a continuous slit. It allows you to automate the production of wigs, reduces the time of manufacture of wigs and prevents the output of low quality.

Artificial hair preferably serves a means for supplying artificial hair on the lower or upper surface of the base.

The device preferably further comprises a clamping means which may be opened and to close to hold the artificial hair, with artificial hair temporarily hold the clamping tool and pulled out the needle.

The clamping means preferably can be rotated in the direction of the needle, while the artificial hair pulling needle starts after turning the clamping means in the direction of the needle.

The clamping means preferably holds the artificial hair from opposite sides, or top and bottom, or from the opposite sides and top and bottom.

The needle preferably includes at least a pair of needles, reciprocating movement synchronously with each other, and the needle is located at a given distance from each other in the feed direction of the artificial hair tool feed and the artificial hair.

Step artificial hair transplantation needle is preferably greater than the width of the needle in the direction perpendicular to the feed direction of the artificial hair.

Artificial hair preferably are implanted needle after the base will move in the direction perpendicular to the feed direction of the artificial hair, or after the base will move in the direction of flow of artificial hair or artificial hair are implanted on the base in an inclined direction.

Preferably provided by more than one means of feeding the hair.

The device preferably further comprises means rejection of artificial hair transplanted needles, in a given direction. Tool deflection preferably contains bar, located just below the transplanted artificial hair, which is adapted for movement in a given direction.

The movement of the conveyor table and the needle preferably manages a management tool that contains the computer.

Brief description of drawings

Figure 1 depicts a General view of the options for performing automated device for hair transplantation for the manufacture of a wig according to the invention and also schematically depicts the sequence of technological operations,

figure 2 depicts schematically a front view of an exemplary variant, the means of supply bases according to the invention,

3 depicts an exemplary variant of the tension unit/positioning according to the invention, where figure 3(A) schematically shows its top view, figure 3(B) schematically depicts a front view and figure 3(C) schematically depicts a top view of its main part,

figure 4 depicts schematically a perspective view of an exemplary variant of the unit supply artificial hair according to the invention, namely a block of color selection and cutting of the hair,

figure 5 depicts a front view of an exemplary version of the unit hair transplantation according to the invention,

6(A) depicts a side view of the unit 5, 6(B) depicts an enlarged view illustrating part of it when open prijemnom tool, and 6(C) depicts a magnified view of the same part when the cloistered prijemnom tool,

7 depicts schematically a perspective view illustrating the relationship between the head unit and conveyor table, according to the invention,

Fig depicts schematically a side view illustrating an exemplary variant of the block variance according to the invention, where Fig(A) shows the state immediately after the transplantation of artificial hair, and Fig(C) depicts the state after the rejection of artificial hair in the direction the AI framework

Fig.9 depicts schematically a view illustrating how the basis of the applied tension,

figure 10 depicts schematically a front view showing the process flow of an artificial hair in accordance with the present invention,

11 depicts the rise of transplantation needle according to the invention, where 11(A) depicts schematically a front view, and 11(C) is a left side view,

Fig depicts the lowering of the needle according to the invention, where Fig(A) depicts schematically a front view, and Fig(In) is a left side view,

Fig depicts the state when the artificial hair transplanted on the basis of,

Fig depicts schematically the process after hair transplants

Fig depicts an exemplary variant of the electromagnetic valve used in an automated device for hair transplantation for the manufacture of a wig according to the invention, where Fig(A) schematically depicts its promising appearance, and Fig(In) - its concept,

Fig represents (part of) the algorithm of the method of manufacturing a wig according to the invention,

Fig represents (part of) the algorithm of the method of manufacturing a wig according to the invention,

Fig represents (part of) the algorithm of the method of manufacturing a wig according to the invention,

Fig depicts an algorithm illustrating the initialization processes correspond to the blocks, depicted on Fig-18,

Fig depicts an algorithm illustrating the initialization process of the roller depicted in Fig,

Fig depicts part of the algorithm, depicted in Fig illustrating the initialization method of the tension device,

Fig depicts part of the algorithm is the initialization of the tension device on Fig,

Fig depicts an algorithm illustrating the initialization process of the needle in Fig,

Fig depicts part of the algorithm initialization process conveyor table Fig,

Fig depicts part of the algorithm initialization conveyor table Fig,

Fig depicts part of the algorithm, illustrating the process of hair transplantation, pig-18,

Fig depicts part of the algorithm, illustrating the process of hair transplantation, pig-18,

Fig depicts part of the algorithm, illustrating the process of hair transplantation, pig-18,

Fig(A) depicts an algorithm illustrating the process of lifting the needle on Fig-28, and Fig(C) depicts the algorithm of the process of lowering the needle,

Fig depicts the algorithm of the process flow sheet Fig-18,

Fig depicts the algorithm unloading of the sheet (by forward rotation) on Fig-18,

Fig depicts the algorithm of the process of discharge of the sheet by rotating in the opposite direction) Fig-18,

Fig depicts the algorithm of the process is unloading on Fig-18.

Description of the preferred embodiments of the invention

Hereinafter will be described in more detail an example embodiment of the proposed automated device for hair transplantation for making wig with reference to the accompanying drawings. The elements or parts having the same function, denoted for simplicity, the same reference numbers, and their explanation is not given. Figure 1 depicts schematically a General view of an automated device for hair transplantation for the manufacture of a wig according to the invention, and the sequence of operations. As shown in figure 2, block 1 filing basis takes the base 11 in block 2 of the tensioning/positioning in a horizontal orientation. The base 11 is a very thin sheet made, for example, from polyurethane fiber thickness, for example, 0.06 mm, which is wound around the roller 13 to the sheet. The roller 13 is rotated by the motor 15 for feeding the winding framework 11 with him on the conveyor table 21. Position 17 shows the emphasis of the roller for the sheet.

Figure 3 shows the block 2 tensioning/positioning. It contains the conveyor table 21 is capable of moving in a two-dimensional plane in directions perpendicular to each other, i.e. along the axes X and Y. Conveyor table 21 moves along the axes X and Y with a given step, for example 2 mm, with a drive motor OS is X (not shown) and a drive motor of the Y-axis (not shown), accordingly, in the given order. As a result, the base 11 is stretched and is located in a predetermined position. In particular, it provides a tensioning device 23 at the four corners of the conveyor table 21 for tensioning served basis 11. Each tensioning device 23 comprises a pair of opposite tension of the clamping rollers 24, 25 to compress and clamp bases 11 on the top and bottom and stretch the motors 26 (26a, 26b, 26C, 26d), which can rotate forward and in reverse, designed for rotation of the rollers 24, 25. Position 27 shows the upper and lower sheet feed rollers located on the feed side of the block 2 tensioning/positioning, which are driven by the motor 27A, shown in Fig, for rotation in one given direction to supply bases 11 on the conveyor table 21. Position 28 shows the upper and lower disposable sheet rolls located at the discharge side of the unit 2 linear positioning, which can rotate forward and backward by the motor 28a, shown in Fig. Position 29 marked the gauge of slack of the sheet mounted on the feed side of the block 2 tensioning/positioning in front of the feed rollers 27 of the sheet, which is designed to detect sagging served basis 11.

Unit 3 supply artificial hair, depicted in figure 4, contains coils 3A, V, S and 31D (which may hereinafter be denoted by the General reference number 31), takes the artificial hair 30 on the upper surface of the base 11. Each coil 31 is wound thread (or artificial hair 30) different colors, which can unwind from the reel to a predetermined length by the engine AM, FM, 31CM, 31DM unwinding. Unwound the thread is fed by activating a means of creating a vacuum 32 (32A, 32b, 32c, 32d) and one means of creating a vacuum 33, shown in figure 1. Each system coil 31 has a tube 35A, 35b, 35C, 35d, which forms a path of movement, and artificial hair 30 is fed through the tube 35A, 35b, 35c, 35d and the tube 35 in block 4 of hair transplantation. As shown in figure 4, in the middle of each path has a movable cutter 34, driven by a motor 34a cutter for cutting the respective artificial hair 30 after unwinding on a given length of the engines AM, FM, 31CM, 31DM unwinding. Between the tube 35 and the tubes 35A, 35b, 35c, 35d there is a gap G1, through which can pass the torch 34. As artificial hair 30 can be used, for example, polyester, acrylic or other chemical fiber which has been subjected to special processing, so it can be used as artificial hair. Appropriate artificial hair 30 is fed through the tube 35.

Figure 5-7 shows black hair transplantation. Block 4 contains committing vertical reciprocating movement of the needle 41 (41A, 41b), located under the base 11, and a head 42 which is located above the base 11 and directly above the needle 41. The head 42 has a movable guide 43 in the form of a removable tube connected to the nozzle 37 submission artificial hair attached to the leading end of the tube 35, and the clamping means 44, 45, which can be opened or drawn together for clamping an artificial hair 30, extracted from the movable guide 43 and nozzle 37 submission artificial hair, and is driven by a motor 46 to rotate in the horizontal plane of base 11. Position 43A indicated the engine, indicating the reciprocating movement of the movable guide 43 in the horizontal plane, which actuates the movable guide 43 through the lever 43b attached to the motor shaft and the connecting plate and 43C. The clamping means 44 includes a movable element 44a, razlichimy and smikey with engine s, and still receiving element 44b, between which the opposite sides clamped artificial hair 30. Clamping means 45 contains elements 45A, 45b, which move up and down synchronously with the movement of the rolling element 44a, the clamping between the artificial hair 30. Position 47 shows the engine for rotation goal the Cai 42, including clamping means 44, in the direction of the needle 41. Position 48A shows a sensor for detecting the rotation angle of the head 42. Position 48b shows a sensor for detecting the rotation angle of the clamping means 44. Position 49A shows a motor for providing reciprocating motion of the needle 41, and the position 49b shows the engine, which operates synchronously with the engine 46, rotating the needle 41 in the horizontal plane relative to the plane of base 11. Figure 5 artificial hair 30 is transmitted in the direction of the arrow (on the X-axis) relative to the framework 11. The needle 41 has a sawtoothed or pointed end, provided with a groove 41'. The needle 41 has two needles 41A, 41b, based on performing the vertical reciprocating motion of the needle lever (not shown) with a predetermined gap, for example 1 mm, between them. Needles 41A, 41b are arranged so that the grooves 41' extend in the same direction perpendicular to the artificial hair 30.

On Fig 5 shows a block variance of the hair in 4 unit hair transplantation. More specifically, directly under transplantirovannam artificial hair 30 is a chain conveyor 51, which rotates clockwise, and the conveyor 51 contains a lot of scrambling slats 52. The locking strap 53 is separated from the transplanted artificial hair 30. The conveyor 51 Pref is out of the rotation after a preset time interval, so scrambling strap 52 raked artificial hair 30 to the right, where they are then captured by a strap 53. This allows for the following transplant surgery with no obstructions on the site that is designed for hair transplantation.

On Fig shows the electrostatic valve (three-position double solenoid closed center) 39A, which is connected with an air compressor 39 to activate the means of creating a vacuum, 32, 33.

Hereinafter will be described an automated device for hair transplantation for making wig with reference to figures 9-14. First create slack T1 between the sheet feed roller 27 and a tension clamping rollers 24, 25 (Fig.9(A)), and the discharge roller 28 is rotated to feed the basics 11 (Fig.9(C)). Until that time, the tension of the clamping rollers 24, 25 remain open. Then tension the clamping rollers 24, 25 are closed, to keep the filed base 11 between them, resulting again formed slack T1 between the rollers 27 and the tension clamping rollers 24, 25 (Fig.9(C)). After unloading the sheet rollers 28 rotate in the opposite direction to create a second SAG T2 between the tensioning clamping rollers 24, 25 and disposable sheet rollers 28 (Fig.9(D)). The total value of slacks T1 and T2 should be sufficient for the movement of the conveyor table 21. The shaded portion of the date the ICA 29 SAG sheet figure 9 shows the designated area. The base 11 is transmitted from left to right.

The base 11 is clamped between the top and bottom tension clamping rollers 24, 25 to tension on the conveyor table 21 (see figure 3). Then the control that contains the computer (not shown), reads the specified data indicating the step-transplantation hair coloring artificial hair 30 and the like, in accordance with which begins the process of hair transplantation. The color scheme of the artificial hair 30 is determined in advance, for example, as a combination of 50% hair with coil 31A, 30% hair with coil W, 15% hair with coil C and 5% hair with coil 31D.

Before the transplant process artificial hair 30 are fed from the top of the framework 11. Supply artificial hair 30 is performed by means of vacuum 32, 33, which are driven in response to a command from the management tool and draw a thread through vacuum. More specifically, when to choose artificial hair 30 color "And"open window "1" and "2" solenoid valve 39A (shown in Fig) means for creating vacuum 32 and turns on the engine for the coil 31A. When to choose artificial hair 30 colors "In the"open "window 1" and "2-In solenoid valve 39A and enables the engine to coil W. When to choose artificial hair 30 colors "With"open window "3" and "4 " And" electromagnetic who itogo valve 39A and enables the engine to coil S. When to choose artificial hair 30 color "D"open window "3-B" and "4-B" solenoid valve 39A and enables the engine to coil 31D. When the sensor threads (not shown)containing, for example, vacuum photocell detects that the artificial hair 30 has reached a predetermined length, is driven by the cutter 34 cuts off the artificial hair 30 to a predetermined length. Cut a segment of artificial hair 30 is introduced from the top to the base 11.

After that, the transplantation of artificial hair 30. First movable guide 43 is moved to the right to connect with nozzle 37 submission artificial hair. At this time the clamping means 44, 45 remain open. After the artificial hair 30 is inserted into the movable guide 43, it moves to the left to disconnect from nozzle 37 submission artificial hair. Then the clamping means 44, 45 are closed essentially simultaneously, in order to keep the artificial hair 30 in a horizontal orientation. At a time when artificial hair 30 is temporarily fixed in the described manner, the cylinder 42 is rotated by motor 46 around its axis. At the same time the engine 49b rotates the needle 41 synchronously with the engine 46 around its axis. Then the needle 41 moves upward. At a time when artificial hair 30 is temporarily fixed prig mname means 44, 45, the motor 47 rotates in the direction of the needle 41, so that the artificial hair 30 is pressed against the needle 41, and then the needle 41 moves down. The angle of this rotation is specified in advance and is determined by the sensor 48A. During lowering of the needle 41 of the artificial hair 30 enters the recess 41' needle 41 and is extended by a needle 41 down into the base 11. At this time the clamping means 44, 45 remain open. The conveyor 51 is driven after a preset time interval, and transplantirovannam artificial hair 30 rakes right scrambling straps 53. Due to this, the following operation can be performed without obstacles on the area intended for transplantation. Transplantation of artificial hair 30 on the base 11 may be specified step, for example 2 mm, in the order given after the base 11 will move in the direction of the Y axis (see Fig)perpendicular to the feed direction of the artificial hair 30 (X-axis), or will move in the direction of the axis X.

After hair transplantation in this way, the base 11 is released from the stretched state and disposable sheet rollers 28 are rotated to release the finished base 11a (Fig(A)). Then again executes the process of applying the framework described above to submit a plane 11b as a new framework 11 for hair transplantation (Fig ()).

About vannie above the nodes are running the management tools, contains the computer (not shown).

The process described above And will be described in detail with reference to the algorithms presented in Fig-33.

As shown in Fig-18, power supply (S1) and the respective blocks are initialized (to prepare for the startup operation) (S2). Then from each unit in the computer is receiving the signal "Ready"indicating completion of the initialization (S3). After that, the computer outputs a signal to start the operation. After receiving this signal (S4), the procedure goes to step 5 (S5). If the signal is not received, the procedure returns to step 4 (S4). In step 5 (S5) determines whether the sheet film used as the base 11 between the disposable sheet rollers 28 on the discharge side. If the base 11 has performed the process of filing sheet (S6), which will be described in detail with reference to Fig, and executes the process of unloading sheet (S7), in which the disposable sheet rollers 28 are rotated forward, as will be described in detail with reference to Fig. If on the discharge side no film sheet for use as the base 11, the computer determines that the device has an error level 9, showing the absence of a sheet of film (S8), and the procedure returns to the step 5 (S5). Then stretch the motor 26a is rotated forward or clockwise direction, the tension motor 26 rotates in the reverse direction, the tension motor 26C rotates forward and the engine 26d rotates in the reverse direction (S9-S9d). It then determines whether or not to enable the Cam sensors (S10-S10d). If the Cam sensor is on, turns off the corresponding idler motor 26a, 26b, -26 C, 26d (S11-S11d). If the Cam sensor is not included, the procedure returns to S9-S9d. Then the variables are initialized, which specify the value of rotation of the motors 26a, 26b, -26 C, 26d (S12a-S12d), and is determined as to whether this value is a specified value (S13-S13d). If "Yes", then the tension motors 26a, 26b, -26 C, 26d stop (S14a-S14d). If "no", then the tension motor 26a is rotated in the opposite direction, the tension motor 26b rotates forward, the tension motor 26C rotates in the reverse direction and the tension motor 26d rotates forward (S15-S15d), and calculates the amount of rotation of the respective tensioning motors 26a, 26b, -26 C, 26d (S16a-S16d). Running processes from S9a, S9b, S9c, S9d to S14a, S14b, S14c and S14d sheet base 11, filed on conveyor table 21, is clamped between the rollers 24, 25 and stretched. You then process flow sheet, which will be described in detail with reference to Fig, which are included in the work sheet feed rollers 27 (S17). Then, a process of discharging the sheet, which will be described in detail with reference to Fig in which the work includes disposable sheet rolls 28(S18). Then accept the prescribed data (S19), and reads the coordinate data (S20). After reading the coordinate data (S21) stops the drive motor of the X-axis for conveyor table 21 (S22), and stops the drive motor, the Y-axis (S23). Then, the procedure proceeds to the unloading process (S24), which will be described in detail with reference to Fig. If you haven't read all of the coordinate data, the procedure goes to step 25 (S25), which is determined, indicate whether the coordinate data specified position. If "Yes", then stops the drive motor of the X-axis (not shown) for the conveyor table 21 (S26), and then stops the drive motor, the Y-axis (S27). Now the positioning is completed, and the procedure proceeds to the next process of hair transplantation (S28). If the coordinate data position no, turns on the drive motor of the X-axis for conveyor table 21 (S29), and then determines whether or not to enable the limit sensor for the X-axis (S30). If "Yes", then stops the drive motor of the X-axis for conveyor table 21 (S31). If there is an error 11 (S32), the procedure returns to step S2. If the limit sensor for the X-axis is not enabled, it is determined whether or not to enable the sensor limits for the Y axis (S33). If enabled, this setting stops the drive motor, the Y-axis for conveyor table 21 (S34). If imeediately 12 (S35), indicating a malfunction of the sensor N/P for the X-axis and a drive motor of the X-axis, the procedure returns to step S2. If the left limit sensor for the Y-axis is not enabled, it is determined whether or not to enable the sensor limits for the Y axis (S36). If "Yes", the procedure goes to step S34. If "no", turns on the drive motor, the Y-axis for conveyor table 21 (S37), and the procedure returns to step S25.

The initialization of the corresponding blocks (S2) will be described with reference to Fig-23. First determined, on or there is no sensor for detecting the insertion of artificial hair 30 in coil 31 (S201). If the sensor is enabled, the artificial hair 30 different colors, wound on the coil 31A, B, C and 31D, ready to start work, and initializes the rollers, which will be described in detail with reference to Fig (S203). If the sensor is not included, this indicates the error level 7, indicating the absence of the inserted artificial hair 30 in the coil (S202), and the procedure returns to S201. The tension rollers 23 in unit 2 tensioning/positioning and needle 41 in unit 4 hair transplants are set in readiness for the beginning of the corresponding operation (S204, S205). Then the conveyor table 21 is mounted on the readiness for operation (S206).

The above-described initialization of the roller shown in more detail Fig. First initialize the timer (S203), and initializes the deviation, specifies the amount of rotation of the sheet feed rollers 27, which serves the film sheet for use as the basis of 11 (S2032). Then starts the timer (s2033 hardeners) and it is determined whether the sensor 29 SAG of the sheet (S2034). If "Yes", then it shuts off the drive motor for feeding the sheet rolls 27 (S2035) and the procedure returns. If you answer "no" in step S2034 is determined as to whether the timer specified account (s2036 hardeners). If "Yes", then it shuts off the motor for feeding the sheet rolls 27 (S2037). When the error level 1, indicating the absence of a film sheet for use as the basis of 11 (S2038), the procedure returns to step S201. If the timer has not reached the specified account, turns on the drive motor of the feeding sheet rolls 27 (S2039), calculates the amount of rotation of the sheet feed rollers 27 (S2040), and the procedure returns to S2034.

Initializing a tension device will be described in more detail with reference to Fig and 22. First initialized (S2041) and runs (S2042) timer. The tension motor 26a is rotated in the opposite direction, the tension motor 26b rotates forward, the tension motor 26C rotates in the reverse direction and the tension motor 26d rotates forward (S2043-S2043d). It then determines whether or not to enable the Cam position sensors (not shown) (S2044-S2044d). If "Yes", then stops corresponding to the tension motor 26a,26b, -26 C, 26d (S2045-S2045d) and the procedure returns. If "no" at stage S2044-S2044d, it is determined as to whether the timer specified account (S2046-S2046d). If "Yes", then stops corresponding to the tension motor 26a, 26b, -26 C, 26d (S2047a-S2047d). If there is an error level 2, 3, 4 or 5 ((S2048a-S2048d), which indicates that the tension pulley 23 is defective, then the procedure returns to S201. If you answer "no" on the stages S2046a-S2046d procedure returns to S2043a-S2043d.

Initialization of the needle shown in more detail in Fig. First initialized (S2051)then start (S2052) timer. Is then determined whether there is a sheet of film for use as the base 11 on the position sensor needle (not shown) (S2053). If "Yes", stops the motor 49 to initialize the needle 41 (S2054) and the procedure returns. If you answer "no" at step S2053 is determined as to whether the timer specified account (S2055). If "Yes", then stops the motor 49A to initialize the needle 41 (S2056). If there is an error level 6, indicating that the block needle is defective, the procedure returns to S201. If the timer has not reached the specified account includes the motor 49A to initialize the needle 41 (S2058) and the procedure returns to S2053.

The initialization of the conveyor table provides more detail on Fig and Fig. Initialized (S2061) and runs (S2062) timer. It then determines whether or not to enable the sensor N/R for about the and to determine the zero point on the Y-axis (S2063). If "Yes", then it shuts off the drive motor of the X-axis for conveyor table 21 (S2064). It then determines whether or not to enable the sensor N/P for the X-axis to determine the zero point on the X-axis (S2065). If "Yes", then it shuts off the drive motor of the X-axis for conveyor table 21 (S2066) and the timer stops (S2067). It then determines are consistent position of the table with the zero point on the Y-axis, which should begin hair transplantation (S2068). If "Yes", then it shuts off the drive motor, the Y-axis for conveyor table 21 (S2069). Initialized deviation that specifies the amount of motion along the X-axis (S2070), and then initializes the deviation that determines the amount of movement on the Y-axis (S2071) and the procedure returns. If you answer "no" at step S2068 the drive motor, the Y-axis for the conveyor table 21 is enabled to perform forward rotation (S2072). Calculates the amount of movement on the Y-axis (S2073) and the procedure returns to S2068.

If you answer "no" at step S2063 procedure goes to step S2074, to determine whether or not to enable the sensor limits for the axis Y. If "Yes", then it shuts off the drive motor, the Y-axis for conveyor table 21 (S2075), and stops the timer (S2076). If there is an error level of 10 (S2077), indicating that the sensor N/P for the Y-axis, and the drive motor, the Y-axis is defective, then the procedure returns to S201. If you answer "no" to these the PE S2074 is determined, do I have the timer specified account (S2078). If "Yes", the procedure proceeds to S2075, and if "no", the drive motor of the X-axis for the conveyor table 21 is rotated in the reverse direction (S2079) and the procedure returns to S2063.

If you answer "no" at step S2065 is determined whether or not to enable the limit sensor for the X-axis (S2080). If "Yes", then it shuts off the drive motor of the X-axis for conveyor table 21 (S2081) and stops the timer (S2082). When the error level 11, indicating a malfunction (S2083), the procedure returns to S201. If you answer "no" in step S2080 is determined as to whether the timer specified account (S2084). If "Yes", the procedure proceeds to S2081. If "no", the drive motor of the X-axis on the conveyor table 21 is switched to forward rotation (S2085) and the procedure returns to S2065.

Now will be described the transplantation of artificial hair 30 with links to Fig-28. Initialized (S2801) and runs (S2802) timer. Turns on the solenoid valve in the means for creating vacuum 32 (S2803), and turns on the solenoid valve in the tool, vacuum 33 (S2804). Then turn on the drive motor for the selected coil, so that it served the artificial hair 30 (S2805) to pass through the movable guide 43. It then determines whether or not to enable the sensor threads, to determine, or has no artificial hair 30 ass is ing length (S2806). If "Yes", then it shuts off the engine (not shown) for actuation of a given coil 31 (S2807). Turns off the solenoid valve in the tool, vacuum 33 (S2808) and turns off the electromagnetic valve in the means for creating vacuum 32 (S2809). Turns on the motor 43A of the movable guide 43 to rotate in the reverse direction (S2810), to rotate the movable guide 43 to move it to the left (S2811-S2812). When the movable guide 43 reaches the leftmost position, reverse rotation of the motor 43A is stopped by a limit switch (not shown). At the same time the engine C is rotated at a given angle (S2813-S2815)in order to close the clamping means 44, 45 to hold the artificial hair 30 between them (S2816). Then actuates the motor 34a cutter (S2817). Turns on the solenoid of the cutter, and the cutter 34 is moved into the gap G1 (S2818). After turning off the solenoid cutter (S2819) engine 34a cutter (S2820) stops and artificial hair 30 is cut by the cutter 34 to a predetermined length. Then the solenoid cutter is enabled to return to its original position (S2821-S2822) and off (S2823). Then the motors 46, 49b rotate forward for horizontal rotation of the head 42 and the needle 41 (S2824-S2825), followed by the rise of the needle (S2826), as will be described in detail with reference to Fig. Then, the motor 47 is rotated at the back of the config angle to rotate the clamping means 44 to the needle 41 (S2827-S2829), followed by the lowering of the needle (S2830), as will be described in detail with reference to Fig. During lowering of the needle 41 moves downward with artificial hair 30 is captured in the groove 41'. Right after lowering the needle (or nearly simultaneously) engine s starts to rotate in the opposite direction to uncover the movable element 44a (S2831-S2833). This allows you to pull the artificial hair 30 down. Then the motors 46, 49b rotate in the opposite direction in the horizontal plane to return to its original position (S2834-S2835). Then the motor 43A, resulting in the action of the movable guide 43 is enabled for forward rotation (S2836)to move the movable guide 43 to the right (S2837). When this movable guide 43 is connected with the nozzle 37 submission artificial hair, and the rotation of the motor 43A forward ends (S2838). Then, the procedure returns to step S2803 and after driving the X-axis and the Y-axis, respectively, by the specified steps of the above-described operation of the transplantation of artificial hair 30 is repeated. If you answer "no" in step S2806 determine as to whether the timer set value (S2839). If "Yes", then stop the drive motors of the respective coils 31 (S2840). If there is a error level 8, indicating the absence of artificial hair 30 to the coil 31, the stop with the hair or defect the sensor (S2841), the procedure returns to S2801. If the account has not reached the set value at step S2839, drive motors coils 31 are driven (S2842) and the procedure returns to S2806.

Now will be described in more detail the step of lifting the needle S2826 with links to Fig(A). First determine discovered whether the position sensor needle (not shown)that the needle is in its upper position (S2826-1). If "Yes", the rotation of the motor 49A for lifting the needle 41 is terminated (S2826-2) and the procedure returns. If no, turn on the rotation of the motor 49A for lifting the needle 41 (S2826-3) and the procedure returns to S2826-1.

The step of lowering the needle S2830 will be described in detail with reference to Fig(In). First determine discovered whether the position sensor needle (not shown)that the needle is in the down position (S2830-1). If "Yes", the rotation of the motor 49A for lowering the needle 41 is terminated (S2830-2) and the procedure returns. If no, turn on the rotation of the motor 49A lower the needle 41 (S2830-3) and the procedure returns to S2830-1.

Step S6 submission sheet will be described in more detail with reference to Fig. After initialization, the deviations to determine the magnitude of rotation of the feed rolls 27 (S61) determines whether or not to enable the sensor 29 SAG (S62). If "Yes", the drive motor 15 of the roller unit 1 feed off basis (S63). If "no", the drive motor of the roller 15 is turned on (S64) and procedurebased to S62. It then determines revolved whether the sheet feed rollers 27 for a predetermined period of coiling (S65). If "Yes", the motor 27A to actuate the sheet feed roll 27 is turned off (S66) and the procedure returns. If you answer "no" at step S65 motor 27A is turned on (S67), the amount of rotation of the rollers 27 is calculated by the pulse counter (S68) and the procedure returns to S62.

The operation of unloading the sheet at step S7, in which the disposable sheet rollers 28 rotate forward, will be described in more detail with reference to Fig. Initializes the value of the account indicating the number of rotations forward disposable sheet rolls 28 (S71). It then determines achieved if a set number of spins forward disposable sheet rollers 28 (S72). If "Yes", the drive motor 28a disposable sheet rolls 28 is turned off (S73) and the procedure returns. If you answer "no" in step S72 drive motor 28a disposable sheet roll 28 rotates forward (set S74) and the number of rotations calculated forward (S75). Then, the procedure returns to S72. So the operation is performed, is illustrated in figure 9(A)-9(C).

Stage discharge sheet S18, in which the disposable sheet rollers 28 rotate in the opposite direction, will be described in more detail with reference to Fig. Initializes the value of the account indicates the number of reverse rotations disposable sheet rolls 28 (S81). Is then determined as to whether the number of reverse rotations disposable sheet rolls 28 given number (S182). If "Yes", turns off the drive motor 28a disposable sheet rolls 28 (S183), and the procedure returns. If you answer "no" at step S182 drive motor 28a disposable sheet roll 28 rotates in the reverse direction (S184) and count the number of reverse rotations (S185). Then, the procedure returns to S182. Thus the operation is performed, is illustrated in Fig.9(D).

Hereinafter will be described in more detail the step of discharging the sheet S24 with links to Fig. First determines whether or not to enable the sensor N/P for the Y-axis and is turned on or not sensor N/P for the X-axis (S241, S241b). If "Yes", turns off the drive motor, the Y-axis for conveyor table 21 (S242) and also switches off the drive motor of the X-axis for conveyor table 21 (S242b). If "no", the drive motor of the Y-axis for the conveyor table 21 is rotated in the reverse direction (S243) and the procedure returns to S241. Similarly, the drive motor of the X-axis for the conveyor table 21 is rotated forward (S243b) and the procedure returns to S241b. Then initializes the pulse counter with the installation of the magnitude of the movement on the Y-axis to zero (S244). Is then determined as to whether the amount of movement on the Y-axis setpoint position (S245). If "Yes", the drive motor of the Y-axis for the pipeline is on the table 21 is turned off (S246). If "no", the drive motor of the Y-axis for the conveyor table 21 is rotated forward (S247), and calculated the amount of forward movement (S248). Then, the procedure returns to S245. Thereafter, the procedure proceeds to the stage of discharge of the sheet (Fig) (S249), and then initializes the tension device (Fig and Fig) (S250). Then initializes the number of revolutions of the disposable sheet rolls 28 (S251) and is determined as to whether it is a specified value (S252). If "Yes", the drive motor 28a disposable sheet rolls 28 is turned off (S253), and the procedure returns. If you answer "no" at step S252, the motor 28a is rotated forward (S254), calculates the amount of motion at the discharge end (S255), and the procedure returns to S252.

The above-described variant embodiments of the invention enables the following advantages and effects. First, you can eliminate the relationship between the width (W) of the needle 41 and the step (B) transplantation. More specifically, natural human hair are a step lower than 1 mm, typically about 0.5 mm, Therefore, it is desirable that the wig had the equivalent of step (B) hair transplantation is less than 1 mm or about 0.5 mm to ensure That the step (B) transplantation of approximately 0.5 mm, the width of the needle should be much less than 0.5 mm, otherwise the holes in the base, resulting from the penetration of the needle, can p is eroticise in a continuous slit, that will make transplantation possible. However, according to modern technologies and materials width (W) of the needle 41 should be approximately 1 mm or more. If the width (W) of the needle 41 to be reduced to about 0.5 mm, there may be some problems, for example, breakage or deformation of the needle.

According to the invention the base is made of elastic sheet may be stretched in tension. As the step (P) (i.e. 2 mm in this embodiment) is larger than the width (W) of the needle 41 (i.e. 1 mm in this embodiment) in the direction perpendicular to the feed direction of the artificial hair 30, which is served on the stretched base 11, the holes formed by the needle when the transplant may not become a continuous slit. In addition, even if you set the step (B) transplantation equal to twice the width (W) of the needle, after removing the stretched state when you are finished with the transplant surgery, the base 11 is compressed, so that step (B) transplantation reduced essentially to half (and will be approximately 0.5 mm in this embodiment), which means that you can get the preferred step (B). This allows mechanization and to make the wigs in less time without output of defective products. In addition, the base 11 and breathable, and it prevents sweating in the wig, worn on the head or other body part.

Artificial hair 0 after the transplant is rejected, unit 5 deviations in the direction opposite the needle 41, which allows you to transplant artificial hair 30 to the surface without obstacles. Accordingly, already transplantirovannam artificial hair 30 and following artificial hair 30 will not be able to hold on to each other, so that the transplant surgery can be performed without hindrance.

Due to the fact that the base 11 is very thin, you can put it after the process of hair transplantation post-processing, which has wide application. Figure 1 shows an application that uses volumetric wig, made according to the invention. Unloaded the base 11 is subjected to the process of applying the first adhesive. First glue spreading device 6 takes the first adhesive 61 for fixing the artificial hair 30, which were transplanted to the upper surface of the base 11. More specifically, the first glue spreading device 6 contains a reservoir 62, the first adhesive 61 in the tank 62 and the dispensing nozzle 63, through which, by means of an air compressor 39 is sprayed first adhesive 61. In the process of hair transplantation it sprays the first adhesive 61 in the direction of the end portions 30A of the base (see Fig) with artificial hair 30 remaining on the upper surface of the substrate 11, on which were transplanted artificial hair 30, thereby securing the end of the hour and 30A basis on the basis of 11. As the first adhesive 61 is used quick-drying glue, which contains a hardener to withstand the heat and pressure in the process D moulding, which will be described below.

Then, a cutting process C. When the base 11, on which was deposited first adhesive 61, cut by the cutting unit 7 containing the cutter 71, to provide the specified form.

Then, a forming process D. the Base 11, carved thus, is subjected to heat and pressure in a molding block 8, to give it a defined shape. Forming unit 8 is, for example, three-dimensional molding cavity 81, corresponding to the size of the head, and the base 11 transform in accordance with the molding cavity 81. Molding cavity 81 is divided into right and left halves, each of which has a pair of upper and lower teeth.

It then executes the process of applying the second adhesive. In this process, the second glue spreading device 9 causes the second adhesive 91 on the upper surface of the base 11. More specifically, the second glue spreading device 9 contains a reservoir 92, the second adhesive 91 in the tank 92 and the dispensing nozzle 93, through which, by means of an air compressor 39 sprayed the second adhesive 91. It sprays the second adhesive 91 on the first adhesive 61, which is already hardened to form the second adhesive layer (not shown) of the wig. In the operation of the second adhesive 91 is used glue, suitable for contact with human skin, such as adhesive for medical use. After this wig is completely ready and can be attached directly to the head.

The length of the artificial hair 30 is not limited unlike natural hair, and it can be served as an infinite continuous hair. Therefore, when the artificial hair 30 is fed to the rollers in an amount corresponding to the estimated amount of daily consumption, this operation can be performed continuously, without breaks, which also improves performance.

As artificial hair 30 have different colors and are made from different materials, you can easily make a special wig, for example, gray, resistant to water and moisture, etc. In the manufacture of wig gray can be adjusted optionally, the ratio of gray and natural hair, which can be different on different sites.

Since the movement of the conveyor table 21 and the needle 41 by the control unit such as a computer, transplantation of artificial hair 30 on the base 11 can be not only straight-line sewing, but also zigzag, which increases the resistance to separation of the hair after transplantation.

The present invention is not limited to the above options and you can make R lichnye changes and modifications, not beyond the scope of claims described in the attached claims. For example, the degree of tension applied to the base 11 may vary, depending on the elasticity of the base material 11, on the basis of which you can define the step (B) transplantation on demand.

Although in the described embodiment, the base 11 is fed in a horizontal direction, it can also be served in the vertical direction. You can also serve basis in the downward direction.

Types and number of coils 31 can be arbitrary.

As the substrate 11 preferably is used nonwoven fiber made from a synthetic resin, or a breathable film, but this is not a limitation. The material can be made of fibers of animal origin, plant origin, mineral fibers, etc. It can also be a woven material. On the material and its appearance is no restriction, he only has to be flexible.

Transplantation of artificial hair 30 on the base 11 can also be performed in an oblique direction.

The length of the artificial hair 30 can be varied at will in accordance with a given model under computer control.

For filing an artificial hair 30 in the tube 35 can be used not only environments, the creation of the vacuum.

You can submit one or more artificial hair 30.

The quality of the finished product can be supplied flat wig from the transplanted hair is not subjected to the process D moulding in figure 1.

Since the base 11 in a wig, made according to the invention, very thin, it can be used not only for putting right on the head, it can also be used in wigs for the actors. This wig is attached to a separate colon model (having a three-dimensional shape without artificial hair 30 corresponding to the user's head).

When the movement of the needle 41 is perpendicular to the artificial hair 30 it can be installed with left and right.

Industrial applicability

The proposed automated device for hair transplantation for making wig and a method of manufacturing a wig can find application in the production of wigs.

1. Automated device for hair transplantation for making wig, characterized in that it contains a conveyor table, means for supplying bases on the conveyor table, means tensioning/positioning is executed with application of tension to the base, served on the conveyor table means for supplying the basics, to position the base in the extended condition, means for supplying artificial hair ass is authorized length on the first surface of the base, served on the conveyor table means for supplying the substrate and positioned in an extended state by means of tensioning/positioning, needle, adapted for movement in a direction perpendicular to the surfaces of the base, perforation of the substrate with the back surface relative to the first mentioned surface, subsequent engagement on said first surface of artificial hair filed by the means for supplying artificial hair, and return back to the above-mentioned back surface with artificial hair pulling referred to the second surface of the substrate for transplantation-based tool to bring the table into motion made to move the conveyor table in the directions X and Y perpendicular to each other, with the given step to repeat the transplantation of the artificial hair needle with a given step, and a tool to relieve tension, applied by means of tensioning/positioning, designed to release the stretched state the basis on which it was transplanted artificial hair, after the operation of the artificial hair transplantation needle.

2. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that the artificial hair are made by means of artificial hair transplantation on the lower surface of the base.

Ontrast according to claim 1, wherein the artificial hair are made by means of artificial hair transplantation on the upper surface of the base.

4. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that it further comprises clamping means that can be opened and to close to hold the artificial hair, with artificial hair temporarily hold the clamping tool and pulled out the needle.

5. The device according to claim 4, characterized in that the clamping means is made to rotate in the direction of the needle, while the artificial hair pulling needle starts after turning the clamping means in the direction of the needle.

6. The device according to claim 4, characterized in that the clamping means holds the artificial hair from opposite sides.

7. The device according to claim 4, characterized in that the clamping means holds the artificial hair on the top and bottom.

8. The device according to claim 4, characterized in that the clamping means holds the artificial hair from opposite sides and above and below.

9. The device according to claim 1, wherein the needle includes at least a pair of needle carrying out reciprocating motion synchronously with each other, and the needle is located at a given distance from each other in the feed direction of the artificial hair means for supplying artificial hair.

10. At trojstvo according to claim 1, characterized in that the step of artificial hair transplantation mentioned needle is preferably greater than the width of the needle in the direction perpendicular to the feed direction of the artificial hair.

11. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that the artificial hair are implanted needle after the base will move in the direction perpendicular to the feed direction of the artificial hair.

12. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that the artificial hair are implanted needle after the base will move in the direction of flow of the artificial hair.

13. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that the artificial hair are transplanted mentioned needle on the base in an inclined direction relative to the base.

14. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that provided by more than one means of feeding the hair.

15. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that the movement of the conveyor table and the needle controls management tool that contains the computer.

16. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that it further comprises means rejection of artificial hair transplanted mentioned needle, in a given direction.

17. The device according to item 16, characterized in that the tool deviation contains the bar, located just below the transplanted artificial hair and the lighting is separate for movement in a given direction.

18. A method of manufacturing a wig, containing the stage of filing a flat thin base on the conveyor table, the application of tension to stretch the basics on the conveyor table, positioning the stretched canvas on the conveyor table, supply artificial hair to the first surface of the elongated base, gearing filed artificial hair needle reciprocating movement to puncture the extended basis, and the needle, saralaya artificial hair pierces the base so that the artificial hair are transplanted on the stretched base, retry the operation, the artificial hair transplantation needle during movement of the conveyor table with the specified step and released from the stretched state basis after completion of the operation of the artificial hair transplantation a needle.

19. The method according to p, characterized in that it further cause the first adhesive on the reverse surface of the base for fixing the transplanted artificial hair on the base and put the second adhesive on said first surface of the base.



 

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The invention relates to artificial hair restorer, the device for restoring hair and method of restoring hair

FIELD: wig manufacture.

SUBSTANCE: automated apparatus for transplanting of hair has means for feeding of artificial hairs to base surface and needle adapted for reciprocation in direction perpendicular to surface of base for puncturing of stretched base and pulling of artificial hair from reverse surface of base. Apparatus has conveyor table designed for placement of base and positioned for moving in directions perpendicular to one another, and tension relieving means for relieving of base from its stretched state. Described in Specification is method for manufacture of wig.

EFFECT: increased efficiency and improved quality of wigs.

19 cl, 53 dwg

FIELD: manufacture of partial or full wigs or hair prostheses for replacing lacking hairs in problematic head zones.

SUBSTANCE: hair prosthesis has forehead part made from flexible material of desired contour and strips having front and rear faces approaching each other in back region of the head for forming strips of restricting contour and strips defining contour. Prosthesis base is made from material having smooth sliding surface with successively applied impregnation layers of gluing substance, and consists of strips overlapping each other along arc of the circle and provided with margins. Said strips are made from glued material defining three-dimensional spherical shape of base with forehead part and part of back of the head and including strips of restricting contour, contour forming strips, and strip of back of the head. Front faces of strips are tightened over front surfaces of forehead part, for example, along share restricting thread of material. All overlapped portions of strips are secured to each other by, for example, stitches. Parts of strips in left and right temple regions of each strip are fixed by, for example, gluing-through in back region of the head of base. Hair prosthesis is adapted for constant wearing without necessity of removal said wig from head for night.

EFFECT: increased efficiency and simplified structure of hair prosthesis.

3 cl, 9 dwg

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: hair transplantation method implies stretching of substrate made of elastic material, taking of middle part of hair piece by needles imposed to make reciprocal movement to form curve of the said middle part. The curve is left on one side of the substrate and than affixed to this side using the first binding layer. A couple of long sections of hair from the opposite curve ends are passed through the holes formed in the result of needling when they were elevated, to the other side of the substrate. After transplantation of given amount of hair sections, stretching of the substrate is stopped or released to ensure substrate shrinkage due to its elasticity and thus, reduction of holes' diameter. Then the second binding layer is applied on the entire first side of the substrate to affix it to skin integument of human body. There is a device to implement the said method and a product with transplanted hair.

EFFECT: development of efficient method of hair transplantation.

22 cl, 36 dwg

FIELD: household goods and personal effects.

SUBSTANCE: method of work piece production from natural hair to be used in wig items includes operations associated with mixing of different colour hair, treatment, ripping at card and sorting out by length. Hair of different length is mixed simultaneously with hair of different colour forming hair bundle of no more than 160 g weight. For disinfection purposes hair bundle is treated simultaneously with rippling at card by means of kerosene and hair oil mixture. Rippled hair is taken into bundle allocating short hair into centre and leaving long hair from the outside. Bundle is tied up in the middle part, and by means of at least one card it is pulled out to produce one-side balanced tail. Then tail is laid and small tails with no more than 55 g weight and length difference of no more than 5 cm are produced by contracting. After that tails are washed for complete closing of flakes and repeatedly disinfected. Tails are checked for inverted elements and inverted hair is removed. Work pieces with weight of no more than 30 g are formed. Starting from the heads, they are moisturised and fasten together at a distance of no more than 2.7 cm from the edge.

EFFECT: production of more qualitative wig items with smoothness and brilliance effect.

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Disposable wig // 2339283

FIELD: household goods and personal effects.

SUBSTANCE: disposable wig includes base made of very thin sheet, hair segments implanted into base and adhesive layer applied to the bottom side of base. Base thickness is microns order (μ). Adhesive layer is evenly applied to the whole bottom side of base and thick enough to ensure reasonable irregularity with projecting parts and other parts. Projecting parts contact with root parts of implanted hair segments projected from bottom side of base, and are lifted with regard to external side of base when wig is fixed to human skin. Adhesive layer thickness is to 20 times more than base thickness.

EFFECT: easy in use and imitation of natural hair.

2 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: personal use articles.

SUBSTANCE: artificial hair has structure comprising core part and coating shell part. Core part is made of polyamide, and shell part is made of polyamide, having lower flexural stiffness compared to core part. The second object is provided, i.e. wig, which uses specified artificial hair.

EFFECT: invention provides for production of hair, which are similar to natural hair in its properties and appearance.

16 cl, 24 dwg

Wig // 2391031

FIELD: personal use articles.

SUBSTANCE: wig contains support, which is put on the head, hairs which are connected to the wigs support. Every single hair has two parts, obtained by bending of hair lock in two parts. The mentioned hair lock, before hair fastening, is curled and treated for improving of one of the next features: texture, smoothness and depth of dying. Both of mentioned parts are obtained by bending of hair lock in two parts in one position with providing of curling orientation in the same direction. Bended part of the mentioned hair parts is fastened to the wig support and it's end is directed backwards according to the wig support, so curls of both mentioned hair parts directed backwards after fastening to the wig support.

EFFECT: invention provides long-term retention of waving and obtained hair dressing style.

6 cl, 37 dwg

FIELD: personal use articles.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to glue layer, to wig, where such layer is used, and also to methods of their production. Glue layer is made of polyurethane contact layer made by mixing of two fluids, the main reagent and hardener, besides the main reagent is high-molecular alcohol, and hardener contains polyisocyanate as the main component. At the same time one side of glue layer is glued to wig base by means of chemical reaction to inner side of wig base in process of reaction of gel-formation of glue solution applied on inner side of wig base, and serves for fixation of hair to stick root part of hair inserted with penetration on inner side of wig base. And other side is glued to head skin by means of pressing and performs function of possible further peeling from scalp.

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16 cl, 1 ex, 6 dwg

FIELD: personal use articles.

SUBSTANCE: wig comprises base and several strands of hair. Wig base has the first main element made of soft elastic artificial leather, and the second main element made of net and placed on rear side of the first main element. Hair is formed by a pair of hairs produced by folding of single hair strand or several hair strands and tied at fold to the second main element. On rear side of the second main element between this side and the first main element there is a hair assembly. A pair of hairs is held in condition, in which it is directed upwards due to pressing of inlet hole arranged in the first main element, through which both parts of specified pair of hairs, which are located at the side of their ends, are pulled at rear side onto surface side. There are three versions of wig making.

EFFECT: invention provides a natural appearance of wig.

8 cl, 16 dwg

FIELD: personal use articles.

SUBSTANCE: wig contains base and short and long hair attached to it, having various diametres of curl and being arranged in a certain area, where distribution of hair density is specified as short and long hair is attached to wig base. Short and long hair is controlled, being attached with specified density in a certain area, where short hair is controlled according to configuration of distribution, so that it makes 20-50% of total amount of hair attached to mentioned base of wig. Method of wig making is provided.

EFFECT: effect of voluminous hairdo with small amount of hair.

19 cl, 11 dwg

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