Apparatus for data communicational controlling of economic heating processes in animal farming and poultry farming

FIELD: agricultural engineering.

SUBSTANCE: apparatus has sensors for sensing temperature felt in local heating zone, temperature of inside air within room, stock age setters, admissible minimum and maximum air temperatures within room, predetermined felt temperature value, standard air temperature, local and general heating temperature regulators, local heaters and heating elements. Output of felt temperature sensor is connected with first input of general heating temperature regulator. Output of felt temperature value setter is connected to second input of local heating temperature regulator, whose output is switched to local heaters. Heating elements are connected to output of general heating temperature regulator. Apparatus is further provided with outside temperature sensor, inside and outside air humidity sensors, request time setter, setter for signal indicative of air temperature within room, constant setter, first, second and third computing units, summer, control unit, differentiating amplifier whose input defines second input of control unit and whose output is connected to first input of comparison circuit having second input defining common bus of apparatus, and having output connected through differentiating circuit, rectifier and waiting multivibrator to second input of controllable key, with first input of said key defining first input of control unit and output being connected through memory element to output of control unit. Apparatus is additionally equipped with forth computing unit, which is united in conjunction with first, second and third computing units into computer unit, and has heating energy, electric energy, manufacturer product and feed price setters, interface and communication unit, apparatus and program oriented network means unit, and peripheral unit of computer network. Input of said means is connected to user's computer network peripheral unit output.

EFFECT: reduced expenses for general and local heating processes.

3 cl, 5 dwg

 

The invention relates to the field of agriculture, technology General heating of livestock and poultry premises and local heating of agricultural stock and can be used in industrial livestock and poultry.

The known method cheap interrelated General heating of the facility and local heating of farm animals and device for its implementation, designed to automate the process of finding economically the least costly mode total heating required according to the technology of cultivation of local heating of agricultural youngster on the basis of a specified and constant unit prices for thermal and electric energy for the heating of livestock, finished products livestock or poultry enterprise / Patent RF № 2229155, G 05 D 23/19, And 01 To 29/00, F 24 D 10/00. Method and device economical General heating of the facility and local heating of farm animals /Auvin, Vrgroup // BI 2004, No. 14/.

The disadvantage of this technical solution are additional costs associated with the time delay of entry into the system control technologies of production, the new current information about operating in the region should be the of agricultural enterprises energy prices, on forage and livestock products and poultry meat, edible eggs, etc.

The reason for this is the lack of alignment of the automated containing programmable technical means of automation systems - microcontrollers in industrial premises and microprocessors in a hierarchical tier control technology enterprises with information and communication (ICT) automated computer network systems at local level of the enterprise, with regional industry and in General with the national networks of information, international information network "Internet".

The objective of the invention is a continuous real-time minimization of operating costs technology General and local heating, achievement at any point in time economically optimal and rational energy joint General heating of livestock or poultry facilities and local heating of agricultural animals and birds in accordance with current market prices for energy, feed for livestock products and poultry.

As a result of use of the invention is set such value of air temperature in the premises of achieving the least at this point in time - in the region of the night economy enterprises in the region of its location, the country of his residence, the world production and market similar products - the sum of the energy costs for General and local heating, feed for livestock, loss of productivity of livestock.

The above technical result is achieved by a set of operations, including the measurement and task value perceived by animals and poultry temperature in zones of local heating, the comparison of measured and specified values, the regulation of local heating on the result of the comparison, the measurement of the temperature of the air in the room and setting its regulatory smallest and largest values, the regulation of General heating mode, measure the outside air temperature, the relative humidity of external air and internal air in the room, the signal formation temperature of the air in the room, periodically changing signal generated temperature of the air in the range between the smallest and largest preset values of temperature in the room, and depending on the modified signal generated temperature of the air in the room calculate the cost of energy on both the local and General heating and costs from loss of livestock products, the results vychisleniia the smallest total value of the values of these costs and the corresponding signal generated temperature of the air in the room, compare corresponding to the smallest total value of signal values formulated by the temperature of the air in the room with the measured value of the temperature of the air in the room and on the result of the comparison, adjusting the common mode of the heating of the facility, and additionally calculates the cost of feed for livestock, receive data local, regional and international "Internet" ICT computer networks on the share prices of heat and electricity, feed for livestock and livestock products and poultry, ask these specific rates, and depending on these specific prices continuously in real time to calculate the cost of energy in General and on the local heating the cost of consumed feed for livestock and the costs from the loss of production of livestock and poultry.

The technical result is also achieved by the fact that the device information and communication management efficient heating technologies in livestock and poultry containing the sensors sense the temperature in the zone of local heating, the temperature of the internal air in the room, referencing-age population, technologically permissible lowest and highest temperatures of the air in the room, a specified value received is emeu temperature, regulatory air temperature, temperature controllers local and General heating, local heaters and radiators, and the output of the sensor sensed temperature in the zone of the heater connected to the first input of the temperature controller local heating, the output of the temperature sensor of indoor air connected to the first input of the temperature controller General of heating, and the output unit values sensed temperature is connected to the second input of the temperature controller local heating, the output of which is connected to the local heating, the output of the temperature controller General of connected heating coils, where the device contains sensors outdoor air temperature, the relative humidity of indoor and outdoor air unit time of the survey, signal formed the temperature of the air in the room, constants, first, second and third calculation units, the adder, the control unit, the differential amplifier, the input of which is the second input of the control unit, and the output of the differentiating amplifier connected to the first input of the comparison circuit, the second input of which is common bus, device, and its output through a differentiating circuit, a rectifier and waiting multivibrator connected to the second input of the control key, the first input is the first input is the MD control unit, and the output of the controlled key through the memory element is connected to the output of the control unit, and the output of the sensor sensed temperature in the zone of heating is additionally connected to the first input of the second computing unit, the output of the temperature sensor, outdoor air is connected to the first input of the first computing unit, the outputs of the sensors relative humidity of indoor and outdoor air are connected respectively with the second and third inputs of the first computing unit, a fourth input which is connected to the second input of the second computer unit to the first input of the third computing unit, to the first input of the control unit, the output unit signal generated temperature of the air in the room first, the second and third inputs of which are connected respectively to the outputs of the combination of technologically permissible lowest and highest temperatures of the air and the unit time of the survey, the output of which is additionally connected to the fifth input of the first computer unit to the third input of the second computer unit to the second input of the third computing unit, a third input connected to the output of the generator normative air temperature and the sixth input of the first computing unit, the fourth input of the third computing unit is connected with the speed knob to the age of the population and with the inputs of the control devices regulatory air temperature and a given value of the sensed temperature, the outputs of unit constants connected to additional inputs of the first, second and third processing units, the first outputs of which are connected to respective inputs of the adder, the output associated with the second input of the control unit and the second output of the second computing unit is connected to the seventh input of the first computing unit, the output control unit connected with the second input of the temperature controller General of heating, the device additionally introduced the fourth computing unit, together with the first, second and third computing blocks in the computing unit, referencing specific prices for thermal energy, electrical energy, for the company's products, feed interface unit and communication unit of computer hardware and software-oriented networking tools, the peripheral unit to the computer network, and the first, second, third, fourth and fifth inputs of the fourth computing unit connected respectively to the output of the generator signal generated temperature of the air in the room, to the output of the generator normative air temperature, the output of unit time of the survey, to the corresponding output of the generator is constant, the output of the generator unit prices for feed and control inputs of the referencing-unit prices for thermal energy is s, for electric energy production, feed connected to respective outputs of the interface block and connection, the inlet of which is connected to the output of computer hardware and software-oriented networking tools, and the entrance of the latter is associated with the subscriber output peripheral unit to the computer network.

The technical result is also achieved in that the device for the centralized implementation of the method in the enterprise contains a temperature sensor and a relative humidity of outside air, installed in the vicinity of the control point of the enterprise and United with the Central computer, the Central computer with the interface of the control point of the livestock or poultry enterprise, which is associated with the subscriber output peripheral unit to the computer network, the control line and connection to the computer with the components of the device are placed in the premises, and placed in each of the livestock or poultry production premises sensors sense the temperature in the zone of local heating, the temperature of the internal air, the relative humidity of indoor air, temperature controller General heating the memory element at its setting input, and the connection between the real and performed in software in the computer virtual elements of the blocks of the device is similar to the connection device for implementing the method.

The technical result is also achieved by the fact that the fourth computing unit contains the first element subtraction, element construction of the second degree, first-unit constants, the first element of multiplication, the second unit constants, the second element of the subtraction, the third unit constants, element division, fourth unit constants, the fifth unit constants, the third element of the subtraction, the second element of multiplication, and the first, second, third, fourth and fifth inputs of the block are connected respectively to the first input, the second input of the first element of the subtraction, to the first input element of the division, to the connection of the inputs of the first, second knobs constants the third, fourth and fifth knobs constants and the first input of the third element of the subtraction, to the fifth input of the second element multiplication, the output element of the construction of the second degree and first referencing constants through the first element multiplication, and the first input of the second element of the subtractor is connected to the first input of the second element multiplication, the output of the second unit constants connected with the second input of the second element subtraction, the output of the third unit constants through the second input element dividing connected to the second input of the second element of multiplication, a third input connected to the fourth output of the generator is constant, output the fifth knob constants connected to the second input of the third element subtraction, the output of which is connected to the fourth input of the second element multiplication, the output of which is the output of the fourth computing block.

The essence of the invention is illustrated by example.

Optimization of microclimate in the premises for growing broilers cell batteries with energy consumption for heating of the house to achieve maximum functionality continuously changing with time, the difference between costs of production and thermal energy in the climate control on the condition of higher productivity of livestock solved (Grabaurov VA, Savchenko E.I., 1986 and others). Industrial house is considered as a biotechnical system consisting of interrelated and interdependent objects - biological (bird) and technical (premises and equipment). For the implementation of automated Electrotechnology centralized local and General heating has to consider two temperature environment of the house. Therefore expedient development of new scientific and technical solutions methods and devices of the electric heating chickens, including their mutual relation to the overall heating of the house. Essentially necessary scientific and technical upgrading the automated Electrotechnology centralized local and General heating in poultry (see figure 1, which which is only for the most General illustration of the proposed innovations).

Efficiency and resource conservation are extremely energy-consuming currently in the broiler poultry and mutually connected through the value of indoor air temperature tinthat °C, technologies General and local heating can be significantly improved by automating the process of searching for the optimal values of the selected economic criteria. For example, the specific profit Pbeatsauth(return of the new automated system), or the inverse value is the payback period of TOKauth

where P is the annual profit of the company, RUR/year; t is the market price of goods sold for the year products, RUR/year; annual production costs, RUB/year; K - capital investment in primary production, RUB; ΔP ΔTo increase profit, RUR/year, resulting in additional costs for automation ΔTo RUB, because of the growth of additional products ΔC1, RUR/year, in a properly functioning system of local heating by the high productivity of livestock, due to savings in costs as a result of reasonably reduce the cost of thermal and electrical energy in the discussed technologies ΔWith, RUB/year, because inevitably arise in the proposed method optimization by reducing normative the set value t inestimated productivity losses ΔC2, rubles/year.

To optimize the objective function is artificially generated and is equal to tincalculated values of tinCcan also be

where eo(tinCand el(tinC) - the estimated value of thermal energy on the total space heating during the heating period of the year, rubles/year, and electricity local heating of youngsters during the brooder periods at the same time of the year, rubles/year, in the process of simulation with the imposition of a specialized computer software (2) values of tinCfrom the range of possible technological values of tin. Feed consumption Toto(tinCduring brooder periods of the year determined by the information contained in /guidelines for the management of temperature and humidity conditions in the industrial housing at the cellular content of broilers. Rostov-on-don: Rostov-on-don trust "pricefrom", 1985, 58 S./. The productivity of broiler chicken were investigated and the results published /Grabaurov VA, Savchenko H. Study of mathematical models of biological object biotechnical system. Rostov-on-don: richm, 1986, 6 S. Dept. In Vniiteiagroprom. No. 59. SU-8 and others/, that gives the opportunity to evaluate analytically her loss ΔC2(tinCand to build an appropriate mathematical model, as shown in the prototype.

All not mentioned in (2) the other components of operating expenses for lighting, labor, personnel, etc. from tinwhen the local heating depend weakly or not at all depend. Components (2) are calculated using well known and modified dependencies, including specific prices for thermal and electric energy in this region of the country, the specific selling price of broiler meat at a particular farm, the parameters of the external climate tnand ϕn- temperature and relative humidity of the outside air, heat-insulating characteristics of the design space for livestock SOgrei, RaboutOgrei, Ginfo- space enclosing structures, their resistance to heat and specific volume of infiltrated through the arches into the room air, the parameters of the internal microclimate top, tinthat ϕNRfeel - Chicks temperature in the heating zones, the temperature and the relative humidity of indoor air, characteristics of equipment for the local heatingthat ηlo- static Hara is the statistics of the transmission local heater and enter the ratio of its useful effect on the behavior of livestock, which evaluates the attractiveness of the brooder for young animals.

All these components of operating costs, excluding the cost of consumed feed, defined in the prototype /Patent RF № 2229155, G 05 D 23/19, And 01 To 29/00, F 24 D 10/00. Method and device economical General heating of the facility and local heating of farm animals /Auvin, Vrgroup // BI 2004. No. 14/.

The cost spent for the period of time TODAfeed

where Cto- unit cost of feed for a given region, RUB/kg;to1(tinC- the feed consumption per broiler during local heating (according to data specified in the text Vajrabhairava and Ehitajana), kg/bird.; Tlo- duration local heating, h, for broilers according to Russian norms of technological designing poultry enterprises RSTP 4-93 Tlo=504 hours

The essence of the invention is illustrated figure 2, figure 3, figure 4 and figure 5.

Figure 2 illustrates the results of operation of the device.

Figure 3 shows a General diagram of the device.

Figure 4 shows a General diagram of the device for Central heating control on the company.

Figure 5 shows a functional diagram included four is that the computing unit.

Figure 2 shows the components of the estimated technical and economic efficiency of both heating processes. Established objective methods in the process of testing the developed sensor sensed temperature error control in the present system, local heating in 3°leads to a shortfall at the end of three weeks of brooding additional profit ΔP1=ΔC1=71,4 RUB/h to the conditions specified in regulatory General heating. The proposed optimization of the temperature of the background in (2) reduces the energy consumption by the amount Δ11(tinthopt), but is associated with loss of production ΔC211(tinthoptand with the use of the brooder with a high ηlo=0,96 (chickens almost not get out of the brooder, and reduce the temperature of the background of the room is actually very little effect on consumption growth and feed it increases the profit on the value of the

equal 79,0 RUB/h, i.e. gives only a 10.6% increase in profitability compared with the optimal control only local heating. However, the development and use of promising brooders with ηlo=1,0 (equivalent known in the practice of the poultry vyholazhivaniyu part of the hall with Chicks plastic bag the second film and the termination of the total heating the rest of plicatula and is associated with excessive loss of all livestock as a result of loss of process control: chickens rasklepyvajut pavlou bird) increases the estimated additional profit to 117,6 RUB/h in these conditions, i.e. at 64% compared with the improvement of monitoring and control only local heating.

Figure 3 shows a diagram of the device infocommunication economically optimum control of heat production facilities and agricultural animals. According to the results of measurements and parameters, climate, space, climate, equipment, livestock, the computing unit 31 generates f2(tinC) in the range tinCfor polling loop TODAautomation system under consideration biotechnical system. The control unit 22 sets on the setpoint input of the regulator General heating 9 corresponding to the minimum cost of production is formed of the magnitude of the temperature tinCopt.

The device contains sensors sense the temperature in the zone of local heating 1, the temperature of the internal air in the room 2, referencing the age of the flock 3, technologically permissible least 4 and most of 5 temperature of the air in the room, a given value of the sensed temperature 6, normative air temperature 7 temperature controllers 8 local and General 9 heating, local heaters 10 and the coils 11, the rich output of the sensor sensed temperature in the zone of the heater 1 is connected to the first input of the temperature controller local heating 8, the output of the temperature sensor of indoor air 2 is connected to the first input of the temperature controller General heat 9, and the output unit values sensed temperature 6 is connected to the second input of the temperature controller local heating 8, the output of which is connected with the local heaters 10, to the output of the temperature controller General heating 9 is connected to the coils 11, a temperature sensor, outdoor air 12, the relative humidity of the inner 13 and outer 14 air, referencing the time of the survey 15, the signal generated temperature of the air in the room 16, constants, 17, first, second and third calculation units 18, 19 and 20, an adder 21, the control unit 22, the differential amplifier 23, the inlet of which is the second input control unit 22, and the output of the differential amplifier 23 is connected to the first input of the comparison circuit 24, the second input of which is common bus, device, and its output through a differentiating circuit 25, the rectifier 26 and waiting multivibrator 27 is connected to the second input of the control key 28, the first input is the first input of the control unit 22, and the output of the controlled key through the memory element 29 is connected to the output control unit 22, and the output of the sensor sensed temperature in the zone of the heater 1 is additionally connected to the first input of the second computing unit is 19, the output of the temperature sensor, outdoor air 12 is connected to the first input of the first computing unit 18, the outputs of the sensors relative humidity of the inner 13 and outer 14 air connected respectively with the second and third inputs of the first computing unit 18, a fourth input which is connected to the second input of the second computing unit 19, to the first input of the third computing unit 20, to the first input control unit 22, output unit signal generated temperature of the air in the space 16, the first, second and third inputs of which are connected respectively to the outputs of the combination of technologically permissible least 4 and most of 5 temperature of the air in the room and the unit time of the survey 15, the output of which is additionally connected to the fifth input of the first computing unit 18, to the third input of the second computing unit 19, to the second input of the third computing unit 20, a third input connected to the output of the generator normative air temperature 7 and the sixth input of the first computing unit 18, the fourth input of the third computing unit 20 is connected with the output of the generator age of 3 and livestock inputs knobs regulatory air temperature 7 and a given value of the sensed temperature 6, the outputs of the generator constants 17 is connected to according to the existing additional inputs of the first, the second and third processing units 18, 19 and 20, the first outputs of which are connected to respective inputs of the adder, the output associated with the second input control unit 22, and the second output of the second computing unit 19 is connected to the seventh input of the first computing unit 18, the output control unit 22 is connected with the second input of the temperature controller General heating 9, characterized in that it further comprises a fourth computing unit 30, together with the first, second and third computing blocks 18, 19 and 20 in the computing unit 31, referencing specific heat prices 32, on electrical energy 33, for the company's products 34, feed 35, block pairing and connection 36, computer hardware and software-oriented network means 37, a computer network 38, and the first, second, third, fourth and fifth inputs of the fourth computing unit 30 connected respectively to the output of the generator signal generated temperature of the air in the space 16, the output of unit regulatory air temperature 7, the output of unit time of the survey 15, to the corresponding output of the generator constants 17, the output of the generator unit price of feed 35, the control inputs of the referencing-unit prices for thermal energy 32, electrical energy 33, for the company's products 34, N. the feed 35 connected to respective outputs of the interface block and connection 36, the inlet of which is connected to the output of computer hardware and software-oriented network means 37, and the input of the latter is connected with the subscriber output peripheral unit to the computer network 38.

Device for centralized management of heating in the enterprise, characterized in that it comprises a temperature sensor and a relative humidity of outdoor air 12 and 14, the sensors of the weather conditions), installed in the vicinity of the control point of the enterprise and United with the Central computer, the Central computer with the interface of the control point of the livestock or poultry enterprise 39, which is associated with the subscriber output peripheral unit to the computer network 38, line management and connection to the computer with the components of the device are placed in areas 40 and 41, 42 and 43 and placed in each of the livestock or poultry production premises sensors sense the temperature in the zone of local heating 1, the temperature of the internal air in the room 2, the relative humidity of indoor air 13, the temperature controller General heating 9 memory element 29 at its setting input, and the connection between the real and performed in software in the computer virtual elements and blocks of the device are similar to the connections of the device.

Fourth computing unit 30 of the device is STV, characterized in that it contains the first element of the subtractor 44, the element construction of the second degree 45, the first unit constants "1,556·10-3" 46, the first element multiplication 47, the second unit constants "1,076" 48, the second element of the subtractor 49, the third unit constants "Tlo" 50, the element of division 51, the fourth unit constants "Nbr" 52, the fifth unit constants "ηlo" 53, the third element of the subtractor 54, the second element multiplication 55, and the first, second, third, fourth and fifth inputs of the block are connected respectively to the first input, the second input of the first element of the subtractor 44, to the first input element of division 51, the connection of the inputs of the first, second knobs constants 46 and 48, third, fourth and fifth knobs constants 50, 52 and 53 and the first input of the third element of the subtractor 54, to the fifth input of the second element multiplication 55, the outputs of the element of construction in the second degree 45 and the first knob constants 46 through the first element multiplication 47 and the first input of the second element of the subtractor 49 is connected to the first input of the second element multiplication 55, the output of the second unit constants 48 is connected with the second input of the second element of the subtractor 49, the output of the third unit constants 50 through the second input element of division 51 is connected to the second input of the second element multiplication 55, the third input connection is replaced with the output of the fourth unit constants 52, the output of the fifth unit constants 53 is connected to the second input of the third element of the subtractor 54, the output of which is connected to the fourth input of the second element multiplication 55 whose output is the output of the fourth computing unit 30.

The device operates as follows. On the control inputs of the referencing-unit prices for thermal energy 32, electrical energy 33, for the company's products 34, the feed mixture (feed) 35 through the connection unit and the connection (interface) 36 from the block of computer hardware and software-oriented networking tools 37 are received from the peripheral unit to the computer network (local, regional, or "Internet") 38 information in the form of electrical signals. There are many specialized computer problem-oriented programs for various subject areas of use. First, the program analyzes, retrieves from the network and stores the necessary information, then as the current in-time production requirements directs it to use for process control. Due to the economic optimization of heating technologies is produced without the presence of transient errors all the coefficients of the multipliers mathematical formulas calculate the components of the operating costs of the technological process heating. The poet is th at the economically optimal automated thermal regime there are no errors, associated with delayed admission to the device information of an economic nature, because in real time and in an automated mode involved a computer network different needs hierarchical levels.

The coefficients of the formula (3) NbrTlo, 1,076, - 1,556·10-3, - ηloformed in the fourth computing unit 30 from the signal selected constants with a value of "1" ("unit") with the corresponding output of the generator is constant 17 (see figure 5). Other components (3) in the form of material signals are fed to the inputs of the block 30 from the respective blocks of the device. The prototype device allows you to simply add calculated in block 30 the cost of consumed feed to the cost of other operating costs in the adder 21 without significant modifications of the device. In General, the device operates similarly to the prototype.

The current farm is already equipped with virtually every system requires measuring transducers, controllers, heaters, local heaters and communication lines to the Central computer of the control point with peripheral equipment and detached houses, and the computational and logical functions choose the optimal value of the air temperature in each Pricedale can be done programmatically with what omashu Central computer of the control point with subsequent temporary division channels of control setpoints regulators General space heating with sampling period T ODAalmost arbitrarily small duration. This is the proposed limitation (1) the minimum ΔK. the Value of Δin this case, you actually will additionally include programming costs (creation of virtual computing and logical devices) and the formal service of memory elements 29 of the system. With this approach to a territorial system is hosted on a poultry farm enough in the room housing to install only the peak detector 29 to the setpoint input of the regulator General heating 9 or any memory element 29 to another if in a regular controller it already is not provided (see figure 4).

This ensures accurate economic optimization of technological modes because of changing under the influence of the market of one or another hierarchical level economic characteristics of the parts of the process are recorded in real-time through automated use of computer networks and their communication capabilities.

Explanatory captions for figures:

Figure 1. The current situation in technologies of local heating and General heating in the poultry industry and offer their science-based technological improvement: tnthat ϕntemperature and relative humid shall be of outdoor air tbrC, tinC, tbr, tin, topC, top- defined and measured temperature under the brooder, the internal air temperature and perceived temperature, ϕNR- relative humidity of the inside air; tinC wholesale- economically optimal set temperature of indoor air, soo and SLO - system of General and local heating, RTB is a standalone temperature controller brooder.

Figure 2. Components of the current time of the settlement of technical and economic efficiency of the automated Electrotechnology centralized local and General heating poultry houses in the Moscow region at an ambient temperature tn=-30°; age population TC=21 days; the characterization of thermal performance of the building envelopethe number of broilers Nbr=20·103Gol.; 1 - regular WORDS, acting according to the norms of technological design (STP); 2 - new WORDS, also supports thermal heating of chickens STP; 3, 4 - new brooders, new WORDS for STP and optimal control soo; indices 1, 11, 111 correspond to the brooders with an efficiency of local heating on the behavior of livestock ηlo=0,57; 0,96; and 1.0.

Figure 3. Functional diagram of the automated ICT is istemi control and management of energy-saving technologies associated local and General heating in poultry: the sensors sense the temperature in the zone of local heating 1, the temperature of the internal air in the room 2, referencing the age of the flock 3, technologically permissible least 4 and most of 5 temperature of the air in the room, a given value of the sensed temperature 6, normative air temperature 7 temperature controllers 8 local and General 9 heating, local heaters 10 and the coils 11, a temperature sensor, outdoor air 12, the relative humidity of the inner 13 and outer 14 air, referencing the time of the survey 15, the signal generated temperature of the air in the room 16, constants, 17, first, second and third calculation units 18...20, an adder 21, the control unit 22 containing the differential amplifier 23, the comparison circuit 24, a differentiating circuit 25, the rectifier 26, waiting multivibrator 27, managed key 28 (items 23, 24, 25, 26, 27 and 28 are borrowed from prototype) and the memory element 29, the fourth computing unit 30, together with the first, second and third computing blocks 18, 19 and 20 in the computing unit 31, referencing specific heat prices 32, electrical energy 33, the company's products 34, the feed mixture (feed) 35, the connection unit and communication interface) 36, a block of computer hardware and software-oriented network means 37, the peripheral unit to the computer network (local, regional, or "Internet") 38.

Figure 4. Function the trade-structural diagram of the infocommunication economically optimal APCS local and General heating on livestock or poultry enterprise: the temperature and relative humidity outside air 12, 14 (weather sensors)installed near the control point of the livestock or poultry enterprise with the Central computer; a memory element for specifying the input of the regulator General heating of industrial premises 29 with a specific room No. 1 (40)... # n (41)where n is the total number of production facilities in the company; the Central computer with the interface of the control point of the livestock or poultry enterprise 39; control line, control and communication 42 and 43 of the computer with the components of the device are placed in areas 40 and 41, the peripheral unit to the computer network (local, regional or Internet") 38.

1. Device info-communication management efficient heating technologies in livestock and poultry containing the sensors sense the temperature in the zone of local heating, the temperature of the internal air in the room, referencing-age population, technologically permissible lowest and highest temperatures of the air in the room, a given value of the sensed temperature, target temperature, temperature controllers local and General heating, local heaters and radiators, and the output of the sensor sensed temperature in the zone of the heater connected to the first input of the temperature controller local heating, the output of datacategory internal air connected to the first input of the temperature controller General of heating, the unit value of the sensed temperature is connected to the second input of the temperature controller local heating, the output of which is connected to the local heating, the output of the temperature controller General of connected heating coils, where the device contains sensors outdoor air temperature, the relative humidity of indoor and outdoor air unit time of the survey, the signal generated temperature of the air in the room, constants, first, second and third calculation units, the adder, the control unit, the differential amplifier, the input of which is the second input of the control unit, and the output of the differentiating amplifier connected to the first input of the comparison circuit, the second input of which is common bus, device, and its output through a differentiating circuit, a rectifier and waiting multivibrator connected to the second input of the control key, the first input is the first input of the control unit, and the output of the controlled key through the memory element is connected to the output of the control unit, and the output of the sensor sensed temperature in the zone of heating is additionally connected to the first input of the second computing unit, the output of the temperature sensor, outdoor air is connected to the first input of the first computing unit, the outputs of the sensors relative is Oh humidity of indoor and outdoor air are connected respectively with the second and third inputs of the first computing unit, the fourth input is connected to the second input of the second computer unit to the first input of the third computing unit, to the first input of the control unit, the output unit signal generated temperature of the air in the room, the first, second and third inputs of which are connected respectively to the outputs of the combination of technologically permissible lowest and highest temperatures of the air and the unit time of the survey, the output of which is additionally connected to the fifth input of the first computer unit to the third input of the second computer unit to the second input of the third computing unit, a third input connected to the output of the generator normative air temperature and the sixth input the first computing unit, the fourth input of the third computing unit is connected with the output of the generator to the age of the population and with the inputs of the control devices regulatory air temperature and a given value of the sensed temperature, the outputs of the generator constants connected to additional inputs of the first, second and third processing units, the first outputs of which are connected to respective inputs of the adder, the output associated with the second input of the control unit and the second output of the second computing unit is connected to the seventh input pervosvjatitelej block, the output control unit connected with the second input of the temperature controller General heating, characterized in that the device additionally introduced the fourth computing unit, together with the first, second and third computing blocks in the computing unit, referencing specific prices for thermal energy, electrical energy, for the company's products, feed, interface unit and the communication unit of computer hardware and software-oriented networking tools, the peripheral unit to the computer network, and the first, second, third, fourth and fifth inputs of the fourth computing unit connected respectively to the output of the generator signal generated temperature of the air in the location, the output knob regulatory air temperature, the output of unit time of the survey, to the corresponding output of the generator is constant, the output of the generator unit prices for feed and control inputs of the referencing-unit prices for thermal energy, electrical energy, for the company's products, feed connected to respective outputs of the interface block and connection, the inlet of which is connected to the output of computer hardware and software-oriented networking tools, and the entrance of the latter is associated with the subscriber output peripheral unit to the computer network.

2. The device according to claim 1, Otley is aldeasa fact, it contains sensors for temperature and relative humidity outside air installed near the control point of the livestock or poultry enterprise and United with the Central computer, the Central computer with the interface of the control point that is associated with the subscriber output peripheral unit to the computer network, the control line and connection to the computer with the components of the device are placed in the premises, and placed in each of the livestock or poultry production premises sensors sense the temperature in the zone of local heating, the temperature of the internal air, the relative humidity of indoor air, temperature controller General heating the memory element to his sets.

3. The device according to claim 1, wherein the fourth computing unit contains the first element subtraction, element construction of the second degree, first-unit constants, the first element of multiplication, the second unit constants, the second element of the subtraction, the third unit constants, element division, fourth unit constants, the fifth unit constants, the third element of the subtraction, the second element of multiplication, and the first, second, third, fourth and fifth inputs of the block are connected respectively to the first input, second input, first the element subtraction, to the first input element of the division, to the connection of the inputs of the first, second knobs constants, third, fourth and fifth knobs constants and the first input of the third element of the subtraction, to the fifth input of the second element multiplication, the output element of the construction of the second degree and first referencing constants through the first element multiplication, and the first input of the second element of the subtractor is connected to the first input of the second element multiplication, the output of the second unit constants connected with the second input of the second element subtraction, the output of the third unit constants through the second input element dividing connected to the second input of the second element of multiplication, a third input connected to the output of the fourth referencing constants, the output of the fifth unit constants connected to the second input of the third element subtraction, the output of which is connected to the fourth input of the second element multiplication, the output of which is the output of the fourth computing block.



 

Same patents:

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FIELD: agriculture.

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The invention relates to agriculture and can be used in industrial livestock and poultry

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The invention relates to agriculture and can be used in poultry and livestock in General convective and local heating infrared heaters

FIELD: ball-shaped toy for dog.

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EFFECT: increased entertaining effect and provision for preventing ball from damage.

18 cl, 5 dwg

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