Connecting controller for controlling gas transportation system

FIELD: connecting controller may be used in gas transportation systems.

SUBSTANCE: connecting controller contains electric interconnection, which connects a set of input ports to processor and memory. In accordance to invention, marked data may be grouped in time and space by means of central computer using attributes. Processor may utilize aforementioned data to constantly monitor, determine parameters and control the whole gas transportation system.

EFFECT: controller precisely distributes system events in time and space, using marked data for this purpose, resulting in increased efficiency of system, control over repairing of breakdown, capacity for planning of advance technical maintenance and routine maintenance.

5 cl, 6 dwg

 

This application claims priority from provisional application U.S. serial No. 60/266126, registered February 2, 2001, entitled "Method and system for controlling gas distribution network", and provisional application U.S. serial No. 60/266264, entitled "Device data for gas distribution system having an electronic identification number, registered February 2, 2001

This invention relates in General to gas pressure regulator, which receives sensor data, said data attributes (distinctive features) and delivers the data in a Central location. The invention additionally relates to a system for collecting and processing data from a network of gas pressure regulators located in many far-distributed locations.

The process of monitoring, maintenance and current repair of the system of production and distribution of gas is a complex problem. With proper implementation of this task involves processing huge amounts of data collected over a large geographic area. Currently, natural gas transport systems, such as transportation of natural gas (i.e. gas production, processing, pipeline and distribution) have a very limited ability to collect data, soo the address data, to organize the data and to constantly monitor the system. One reason is the lack of a harmonious collection systems and data. For example, the data collection system of gas transportation from a variety of sensors in hundreds of locations 24 hours a day, 365 days a year simply creates a large number of "sistematiziruete" data. Sistematiziruete data are not very useful, because they can not provide a sufficient overview of the operation of the system, events and phenomena.

A typical gas distribution system is divided into areas. Large pipelines (gas pipeline) gas serves in the areas through collectors in regional locations. The collector is essentially a pipe with multiple holes to run multiple connections. In medium-sized cities there are hundreds of regional locations and hundreds of thousands of feeder pipelines are uncontrolled constantly. Most gas companies still use manual data collection. They send field specialists in the district of location to manually measure and record the system parameters in different locations. Measurements are often recorded manually in the log. Thus, data obtained from various points in the gas system cannot be correlated on the escapology and/or synchronized in time, to provide a detailed overview of the operation of the system. Despite the fact that a significant sensor technology is available in order to periodically monitor or detect parameters of the gas system in regional locations, tools of data collection and data management for the evaluation of the entire gas transportation system are clearly imperfect.

Valuable data can be collected in the channels in the transport system (usually in regional locations). However, currently there is no efficient way to transmit useful data to the Central system. Even if the data were available in a Central location, there is no effective way to organize or manipulate the data to make them useful. As a result, the determination of the parameters of functioning of the gas system is almost impossible. Due to the lack of useful data for various events in the gas transmission system are poorly understood. In addition, the coordination control gas pressure of the entire system is impossible. Gas company could maximize system performance, detect leaks, to prevent explosions or leaks and save millions of dollars annually, if she could adequate is about continuously monitor a variety of system events. Currently, the management system for collecting and analyzing data for gas transportation systems do not have comprehensive capabilities dynamic control in real-time due to a lack of advanced communication systems, control and data processing.

Figure 1 illustrates the system of hydrocarbon production, pipeline and system 3 distribution or transportation of gas. Gas producers take gas from the earth 1 and deliver gas to the distributors. Gas is extracted from wells 28, passes through the valve 5, is processed by the station 11 and shrinks or increases the pressure by a pump 10 for delivery through the pipeline 4. Pipeline 4 transports the gas to a location where it will be consumed, such as the first city 7, the second city 33 or power plant 9. A second well 30 may also supply gas to the pipeline 4 through the station 111 and the second pump 110. In the gas transmission system ownership of the gas may change many times. When ownership changes, the counter 6 is used to measure the quantity supplied, sold or purchased gas. A typical transfer of ownership would include the transfer from the manufacturer to the distributor or from the distributor to the consumer. In addition, the mechanical controllers 2 pressure normally present in the security transfer points to t the th, in order to maintain a predetermined pressure of the pipeline near the counter 6. Pressure control is important in order to guarantee the accuracy of the meter. Additional pumping substation 24 may be required to overcome the losses and to increase the reduced pressure in the gas system 3.

Often the gas producer may use the distribution system (such as system associated with the second city 33) as part of the gas transportation system. Thus, the producer gas may leak through the city's distribution system (the second city 33) and to provide the consumer (such as a power plant 9) out of the distribution system. Owners of distribution systems typically re-payment transportation manufacturers in order to transport gas through its system (s) of the distribution.

All manufacturers and distributors of gas in the United States are regulated or sanctioned by the state Department of transportation (DT), or DT United States. The maximum permissible pressure of the pipeline and other instructions exactly are these DT. Thus, the distributor wants to maximize the amount of bandwidth by maintaining a higher pressure, but must comply with the requirements of the maximum pressure and other instructions DT. Bol is f high-pressure pipelines also create an increased leakage in the system. However, in the absence of an adequate system of collection of various data and control pressure, it is difficult to maximize profits and to obey the instructions. Gas companies may collect and store sensor data, but without adequate infrastructure to coordinate these sensor data are essentially useless.

When the gas transportation system the problem occurs, workers maintenance and current repair usually visit different locations and perform a number of measurements. On the basis of these measurements work service may be able to detect faulty equipment or other problems. However, often due to the lack of coordination of data these measurements do not show neither the problem nor the solution.

Mechanical controllers 2 pressure have a short lifespan because of their moving parts and aggressive environment in which they must work. Faulty mechanical controller located at a great distance from the detected problems can be the source of the problem. Troubleshooting manual gas transportation system is usually performed using a procedure based on scientific assumptions. This method is unstructured, time-consuming and expensive. In addition, follow-up measurements are often recorded lie to the s pen and paper and discarded after as the problem is solved. Therefore, recorded or historical information are often not available or non-systemized and, therefore, useless.

Problems caused by impurities such as water tube or sludge within the system, can cause the moving obstruction. Currently, the detection and elimination of moving obstructions like searching "cast". Impurities can cause inefficiencies, such as loss of system throughput or premature failure of the devices. Impurities can clog filters, meters, regulators or even the user devices. Currently there is no way to monitor events, such as the presence or movement of impurities.

Figure 2 illustrates a more detailed view of a typical distribution system, such as system of the second city 33. Mechanical controls are located at the locations of the 27 area (indicated by black dots, not all numbered) to control the gas pressure to the area. The gas distribution system provides redundant routes or feeding pipelines" in most locations. Therefore, measuring the pressure or flow in the flow lines do not provide enough data to understand the characteristics of gas flow in the distribution system (i.e., which feed t is unaproved, the main pipelines and/or regional regulators how many serves of gas in different areas). The gas company must still take into account the management of a large volume of "uncertain" data. Usually the company's gas distribution cannot coordinate data and to identify where, why and how there are losses. Also normal for the gas company is manually adjusted pressure in regional locations depending on seasonal demand and other dynamic phenomena.

A typical district location has no access to transmission lines or communication. In the electronic communication or management in regional locations are very limited or do not exist. In addition, the implementation of such an infrastructure is considered as dangerous and prohibited because of the high cost of implementation. What is needed is an efficient method for collecting and transmitting data, and an effective way for managing gas transportation system, so that profit could be increased and the catastrophe could have been prevented.

The proposed reporting regulator used in the system of transportation of gas or liquid, collects, creates, stores, marks and transmits the sensor data. In particular, managing the regulator notes sensor data attributes in order to identify distinct the capacity characteristic data, such as the data source, and then transmits the marked data in a Central location. Database in a Central location can arrange or compose observed data using tags or attributes in order to make such a database used by the application, which can monitor the characteristics of the gas flow through the transport system, and to identify problems in the system. Using these applications can now determine the parameters that assess and manage the gas transportation system.

In one implementation, each informing the controller includes an electrical interconnect connecting multiple input ports to the processor and memory. Sensor data are received on the input ports and stored in memory. Informing the controller may mark sensor data fixed attribute, such as a label source, which may be a unique identification number, such as address UDN (access control), or variable attributes, such as time stamp and/or date stamp. In a Central location processor such as a personal computer could assemble the data in time and space through the use of labels. Developments in the gas transportation system, it is possible kontrolirovat the , to determine their options and manage using observed data. Using these collected and compiled data will enable gas companies to improve the efficiency of the system, incident management, planning, pre-maintenance and billing of consumers.

Figure 1 illustrates the traditional system of gas transportation;

figure 2 depicts the traditional natural gas distribution system in the city, with several areas;

figa is a block diagram of a gas pressure regulator connected to the reporting module;

FIGU is a block diagram indicating the regulator;

figure 4 depicts the gas transmission system 1 having informing the regulators included in the gas transmission system;

5 is a block diagram describing the installation method and network performance reporting regulators.

Disadvantages of modern gas transportation systems are addressed through the placement of informing regulators across the gas transportation system. Each tells the controller may include a commercially available sensors and the gas pressure regulator supplied with reporting module. Reporting module collects data from sensors in the same General area as the gas pressure regulator, said data, and then transmits the data to the receivers. Prien is it could be a computer in a Central location, another report by the regulator or other device in the system of gas transportation. Reporting module has at least one input, such as a receiving port for receiving communication signals or variables of the system. The input can accept sensor data of any format of communications, such as electrical or fiber-optic. In other implementations, the sensors are integrated with the reporting module, and accepts input variables of the system, such as pressure, through a flexible pipe connected to the gas transportation system. Sensor data may indicate the parameters, variables, or characteristics of the transportation system fluid and reporting module notes the data attributes that determine anything about the data. Specifically, the attribute may be additional information that indicates one or more distinguishing features of the data. For example, one attribute may specify the source of data (time, date and location where they were received).

Reporting module then transmits (reports) marked data in a Central location. Mark sensor data information source makes it easy to organize large amount of data in a meaningful way in order to identify the structure of the flow and characteristics of the transportation system. For example, data can be system is emotitionaly for in order to constantly monitor events, to understand the performance, verify the performance, view the historical data, to detect an emergency situation, evaluate, improve and demonstrate control and gas flow throughout the distribution system.

On figa illustrated a block diagram of the reporting regulator 29. As shown, informing the controller 29 includes a controller 70 gas pressure and reporting module 72. As usual the controller 70 pressure gas controls the gas pressure in the output channel 39. Therefore, the pressure in the inlet 37 of the controller 70, the gas pressure may vary, but ideally the pressure in the output channel 39 remains constant.

Any controller that is typically used to control the gas pressure, can be used as a reporting regulator. For example, there may be used a series regulator 300, manufactured by Fisher Controls International. As will be clear to a person skilled in the technical field reporting module 72 may be constructed as a unit with controller 70 or as an independent module that can be modified for an existing controller. Reporting module 72 sends information to the Central processor 44 via the antenna 48 and the CPU 44 stores the data in a Central database. If the controller 70 and heat sensors, who can submit electronic data reporting module 72, then the sensors 74 may be installed in the gas pipeline system near informing module 72.

Typically, the gas pressure regulator controls the pressure by moving the throttling element in the path of gas flow. An improved gas pressure regulator, such as the model RF-110, supplied by Fisher Controls International, uses data from an electronic sensor, such as input and output pressure, in order to improve the accuracy of pressure control. These data electronic sensor can also be used to calculate additional parameters of the system or device. For example, the volume flow and the health state of the device can be determined by processing the input signals of multiple sensors. The term "sensor data", as used in the present description, should be understood as any data that can be transmitted to the Central system. Despite the fact that the device, such as a regulator or reporting module may not be considered a sensor, it can provide sensor data using a data processing or calculating parameters using sensor data. Therefore, the term "sensor data", as used in the present description, may be a value vicilin is the first of many input signals of the sensor and secure with the help of the device not generally considered to be a "sensor".

Figv depicts the implementation of the reporting regulator, where the reporting module 72 is integral with the controller 70, the gas pressure in order to create a reporting regulator 29. Informing the controller 29 provides multiple ports 35 for connection of sensors 12-19. Typically, the sensors 12-19 will provide data that directly relate to the operation or condition of the regulator. However, the sensors 12-19 can provide data that do not belong to the work of informing the regulator. Therefore, reporting regulator 29 can function as the "hub" of data in order to collect all kinds of data from sensors located in the same General area as the reporting regulator 29. Each sensor 12-19 may submit a different type of data in the reporting regulator 29.

The CPU 38 controls the functions of reporting regulator 29, with multiple 45 user-defined commands (e.g., software)that is stored in the memory 40. The memory 40 may be integral with the processor 38 or may be a separate device. The term "memory"as it is used in the present description, should be given its broadest possible meaning. For example, a simple input buffer or register, such as devices, is required for electronic communications considered to be a "memory", as well as logic circuits with persistent connections or directly programmed or specialized integrated circuit (SIS).

The processor 38 may be a programmable logic device, it can be SYSTEM or it may be equivalent to the universal architecture of the processor, such as modern personal computers. The term "processor"as used in this description, means any device that can accept a digital signal, convert the electronic signals and to provide electronic signals, different from the electronic signals received by the other device. The processor 38 selects and performs many of the 45 teams and manages multiple functions reporting regulator 29. For example, processor 38 may change the position drosselweg element 47 in order to control the pressure in the output channel 39, and the processor 38 can control the input and output communications. Informing the controller 29 receives data from sensors 12-19 in the ports 35 and stores the sensor data in the memory 40. In the depicted embodiment, the temperature determined by the sensor 12, the temperature of the gas is determined by means of the sensor 13, the pressure is determined by means of sensors 14, 16, 17, 18 and the position of the stub controller determines the I with the help of the sensor 15. Sensors 12, 13, 14, 17, 18, 19, which can be installed on the outside of the body tells the controller can be connected with informing the controller through electrical, mechanical or radio connection.

After sensor data is received and marked with the processor 38, the data may be transmitted to the Central computer 44 through the communication circuit 42 and the antenna 48. The Central processor 44 can store sensor data in the Central database 46 data. Informing the controller 29 uses electrical interconnect 33, such as a circuit Board, integrated circuit or wire in order to mutually connect the components, which connects the ports 35, the processor 38, the source 36 power, memory 40, the oscillator real-time and communication circuit 42 generally as shown.

Many 45 command determines how the processor 38 receives, manipulates, processes, clears, and transmits data received from the sensors 12-19. For example, many of the 45 teams determines the sampling rate (the rate at which the sensor output is read and stored for each sensor 12-19. The processor 38 may also control, for example, by means of input and output communication, synchronization, communication, methods of data compression and pre-shaping of sensor data (i.e. processing ciprofoxacin).

Most importantly, many 45 command determines how the sensor data are marked attributes. The attributes of these sensors, such as time, date and location of the receive data can be combined with sensors in order to create the observed data. Many methods for combining the digital data is known and described in numerous publications describing the data processing in digital communication. Other attributes that can be marked on the sensor data, are units of measurement, the type of sensor data, the model number of the sensor and/or the serial number of the sensor. For example, sensor data can be marked with units of measurement, such as pounds per inch) or KPa. In a preferred implementation, the processor 38 reads the data from the sensors, and then notes sensor data attributes before saving data in the memory 40.

On FIGU shown informing the controller 29, which feeds a constant gas pressure in the manifold 41. The manifold 41 then distributes gas in informing regional regulators 43. Reporting district regulators 43, in turn, serves the gas in the regions (not illustrated). In one embodiment, each informing the controller is assigned a unique identification number and he remembers his identification number in memory. Alternatively, the CPU 44 in the Central is the first location may store identification numbers for informing regulators in the Central memory. In this embodiment, the data is marked on the basis of the communication channel from which data is taken. The Central computer 44 may include a Central processor, the Central memory and the Central set of commands (not illustrated separately). There may be multiple Central computers, and the concept of "Central computer" simply refers to the computer, which can receive data from more than one report of the controller and the processing of such data. The assignment of identification numbers to the individual informing regulators 29 can be performed at the factory or after informing the regulator is installed in the gas transportation system. Assigning identification numbers can be manually loaded in informing the controller through the port 35. Alternatively, the identification number may be transmitted to the Central processor 44 in a Central location, and then accepted and memorized reporting regulator 29.

In one embodiment, informing the regulator is mounted in the gas transportation system, and then notifies the controller 29 is automatically initialized during his first "power". During automatic initialization or startup procedure notifies the controller 29 is assigned an identification number and/or it is provided by many is the your 45 teams. The Central computer 44 can automate the assignment procedure room, boot room and turn on the power. Alternative local specialist can load identification number and perform the initialization procedure. The ratio between the installed location reporting regulator 29 and ID number can be set and stored in the Central database 46 data.

A unique identification number and the timer 34 provides attributes for sensor data. Sensor data can be marked with these attributes so that regardless of when and where sensor data are accepted or required by the Central system, can be identified by their source in time, space and type.

In another embodiment, the installer (usually staff gas company) loads the identification number in the memory 40 reporting regulator 29 by connecting a portable instrument to one of the ports 35 reporting regulator 29. In accordance with this implementation of portable global receiver positioning (GSP) can be embedded into the port 35, and latitude-longitude coordinates can be stored in the memory 40. The GPP device can also calibrate the timer 34. In this embodiment, the marked sensor data can be synchronized in time and in space is by using accurate data AOP.

Alternative, electronic identification number may be a physical address loaded in the reporting regulator 29 installer using, for example, a keyboard. The installer could enter a street address, number, district, node number, value, or other pointer, which can be used to distinguish or identify informing the regulator. In one implementation, each port 35 reporting regulator 29 has an identification number that is associated with the identification number of reporting regulator 29. In this setup, each sensor will have its own name, and source data of all sensors can be identified with great precision.

Additional advantages are obtained by assigning arbitrary identification number indicating to the controller at the factory 45. In this embodiment, the table, such as a relational database, is used to associate a cross reference location reporting controller identification number. For example, the unique address control access to the media (UDN) can be assigned to each reporting regulator 29 in the factory. Then, a relational database may associate the location in which you installed informing the regulator, with the assigned address of the UDN. System the hell is ena UDN enables reporting regulator 29 to interact, using Internet radio. The radio communication hardware and software of the Internet can be contained in the communication circuit 42. Many ways to assign electronic identification numbers are currently available and almost all of them can be effectively used by the system informing the controller.

Reporting regulator 29 can transmit sensor data to the Central processor 44 in response to commands received from a variety of 45 teams. Moving data from memory 40 to the Central processor 44 is often referred to as "loading" data. When loading data of the sensors, the processor 38 retrieves data from the memory 40 and sends the data to the communication circuit 42. The communication circuit 42 sends the data to the Central processor 44 via the antenna 42, continental line 49 connection or another network connection.

Reporting regulator 29 must have sufficient memory to store a certain amount of sensor data, which tells the controller 29 will receive intervals between data downloads. For example, if the reporting regulator 29 to upload sensor data to the Central processor 44 once a month, the minimum capacity/opportunity to the memory of one month must be installed in the reporting regulator 29. Ways to effectively use the increased memory and methods of data compression can be used to increase the possibility of memory reporting regulator 29.

In addition to the regular data loading, reporting regulator 29 can transmit sensor data upon request from the Central computer 44. Many of the 45 teams can instruct reporting regulator 29 to process sensor data before saving the data in the memory 40. Alternatively, many 45 commands may instruct reporting regulator 29 to mark sensor data before sending sensor data to a Central location 44.

The source 36 of the power supply is connected with the ports 35 through electrical interconnect 33. Reporting regulator 29 can supply power to the sensors through the ports 35. The source 36 of the power supply may be a battery, fuel cell, constant connection to a generator or power plant, a solar cell or any other source that could provide a few milliwatts of power. The timer 34 provides real time information of time and date attributes date), which can be used to label or mark sensor data. Sensor data can be marked more than one timestamp and date, if necessary. For example, the data may be marked in accordance with time and date, which were obtained sensor data, time and date, in which Dan who's been sent to the communication circuit 42 and/or with time and date in which the data were taken by the Central processor 44. Marked with the date data take into account the synchronization of past and present data in order to detect events in the gas transportation system.

In one embodiment, reporting regulator 29 can function as a Central location or Central processor. Reporting regulator 29 can receive data from other reporting regulators and organize data in memory 40. Reporting regulator 29 can also manage other reporting regulators, using observed data in its database. The device I/o, such as the keyboard and monitor can be connected to the port 35, and the data and parameters (information) from the entire transportation system liquid can be selected and viewed. Reporting regulator 29 can memorize the data for the entire system or it can memorize data only from regulators, which are located downstream. In addition, reporting regulator 29 can only manage devices that are downstream from it.

Now, referring to figure 4, the illustrated system 3 gas transportation, similar to the system described in figure 1, except that informing regulators 300-310 installed throughout the system 3 gas transportation. System 3 transportation the Aza can span thousands of miles. For example, informing the controller 300 may be located 1,000 miles from reporting controller 309, and gas from the well 28 can achieve or not to achieve informing the controller 309. In addition, for portions of low quality gas may require weeks to pass from the bore 28 to the reactor 9. The system notifies regulators described in the present description, can track this type of work effect, and the effects of any anomalies when it moves through the system 3 gas transportation.

Mechanical controllers wear out and must be constantly repaired or replaced gas companies. One of the advantages of the system informing regulators described in the present description, is that telling regulators 300-310 are a direct replacement for existing mechanical regulators. Therefore, the existing gas transportation system can be upgraded over time, when mechanical pressure regulators will deny and will require replacement.

The Central computer 44 receives the marked sensor data from informing regulators 300-310. The Central processor 44 encodes data in a relational database 46 by creating keys and logical connections using the mark in the sensor data. A relational database could assemble the data in time, protrans the ve and shape for to display past and present events in the system 3 gas transportation. A relational database is sortable based on user preferences. Existing ways of sorting the database can be used to detect and display the current and accumulated events.

If the user wishes to view current events as they develop, he/she can connect the input device such as a keyboard and monitor, informing the controller 310 or the Central computer 44 and query data from a specific reporting regulators or from specific sensors. This implementation allows the user to view the current process in the gas transportation system. For example, the user can give a command indicating to the controllers 302, 304 and 306 to constantly transmit data input and output pressure and flow rate. Thus, in response to the request, informing regulators 300-310 can submit continuous real-time data from the selected sensors. Real-time data allow the user to witness the development of the moving events, such as the pressure anomaly in the system 3 gas transportation. Viewing events as they develop, allows workers to ensure corrective measures and to be witnesses react and systems in a real-time environment. Preferably be able to control the number of transmission data in real time from each informing the regulator so that the communication system was not, did not become overloaded.

In the example in table a, below, column, entitled "District" identifies the source or data source location. The column "data Type" defines the type or the data type contained in the record (i.e. the volume flow, pressure, temperature etc). The data field "Time" shows the time when the received sensor data. Table a may be representing the results of the searching and sorting of user time and location of records the lowest pressure in the system 3 gas transportation at the moment. Attributes or supporting data, such as units of measurement, accuracy, or other data, such as temperature of the pit in a particular location may also be displayed after a user-controllable request.

Table a
DateTimeDistrictData typeDimension
01/02/0121:20253pressure1,9 ft lbs
01/02/0121:40256press the 2,0 ft lbs
01/02/0121:20251pressure2,1
01/02/0121:08253stream30 ft3/min
01/02/0121:20253temperature30°
01/02/0121:40256stream20 ft3/min
01/02/0121:20256temperature30°

Searching and sorting in order to identify trends and problem areas, can be done quickly with the help of perform the function of sorting in the database 46 of the data. Enabling the user to reconfigure the order of the data in the database 46 data in order to show the maximum and minimum values over a certain period of time, present trends, events, leaks, inefficient and dangerous state.

Additional optional fields for the database system of gas transportation include any effects that can measure the sensor, any parameters that can be calculated, and diagnostic or calibration information. For example, the device status sensor, external temperature, the rate of the temperature of the gas, leaks, the number of leaks detected include, the number of detected impurities, the quality factor of the gas, the gas composition, flow rate, flow volume, the position of the actuator device, the input control signal, the inserted filter, opening the outlet valve, the water level of the pit are several possible fields. The list discussed above, should not be construed as a complete list, but merely as examples of possible fields or potentially useful data. Figure 4 shows only one Central computer 44. However, multiple Central computers could be used (not illustrated). In fact, many employees gas companies could store or to access the same database 46 data and to have a laptop computer in order to manipulate the locally stored database.

In another embodiment, each Central system provides the service part of the gas transportation system. When using distributed Central system, redundant communication routes and redundant data allows the database to be used simultaneously by many users. Multi-user configuration and software limited access, currently available for computing the networks, will work effectively in the system informing regulators. In addition, informing regulators 300-310 can interact with each other, which can be useful, if there is no communication with the Central computer 44. Thus, informing regulators 300-310 can remember, and then pass the information to other locations.

Now will be discussed the methods and procedures to determine the performance and characteristics of the gas transportation system and the implementation of such systems.

In order to implement the system to determine the effect of the system, the Central computer receives data from informing regulators and stores the data in the Central memory. The Central computer has a processor that uses a lot of commands in order to process or manipulate the accepted data. The processed data can provide useful information to the user system.

Recovery events and statistical comparison

In one example, the system notifies regulators can recall events from the stored data. For example, data from a variety of sensors scattered hundreds of miles apart, are usually taken to a Central location in different time intervals, can be separated by month. The Central computer may use labels or the attributes, such as the time stamp and date, in order to systematize the data. Events can be restored whenever necessary. In addition, the Central computer can restore the event the entire system from beginning to end, using the labels in the data. The system notifies regulators also allows the user to compare the current condition of the gas system with the conditions that existed in the past, for example, a year ago. For example, you could observe and determine the parameters of such events as the leak, over the past years. The user can witness a small leak in previous years and the increase of leakage or loss of gas in recent months. The user can define the difference in conditions (amount of change) in order to illustrate how the leak was large enough to detect and correct. The user can also be changed or deviated whether the system from the normal or desired operating mode and status.

Remote viewing data and remote control system for gas transportation

Portable computing device such as a personal digital assistant or a compact portable computer that can be connected to the Central computer 44 or informing the regulator through radiosonde is selected. The staff gas company, having United the portable computing device may select the data to sort and view the important parameters of the working gas system at any time, almost anywhere via radiomedicine Internet.

When staff gas company cannot resolve the problem, they often turn to the manufacturer of the device, which, in their opinion, is defective, and explain the circumstances. Usually gas company and manufacturer are trying to solve problems in long telephone conversations. If the problem cannot be resolved over the phone, then the manufacturer will attempt to fix the problem by visiting the damaged location. In one embodiment, the digital camera is connected to the port reporting regulator 29 employee of the gas company. Pictures or video, or audio location, or installation is then sent through informing the controller manufacturer or the manual gas company.

Thus, using the reporting regulator connected to the Internet, can be done "teleconference". Sensor data and video installation allows the decision maker to analyze the problem from your office, without wasting time on the trip and being out of reach.

This advantage save space-good quality is it time travel manufacturer and gas company and other costs regarding installation and maintenance and repairs. The video often can detect incorrect wiring, incorrect installation, incorrect settings and other problems on the spot. Thus, the Troubleshooting can be performed remotely using notify the regulator as a communication hub.

Calculation of system performance

The Central computer can measure the parameters and can organize data in order to provide characteristics of the system. Characteristics of the system can be used to determine performance. Sorted sensor data can be processed or used in mathematical formulas in order to provide an additional measure of system performance. For example, the flow rate of gas in different parts of the gas transportation system can be defined using a separate control informing regulators and perform mathematical functions on the resulting sensor data. By including informing the regulator in order to create an instant increase in pressure, and then tracking how quickly applies an increased pressure through the gas transportation system, may be determined by the average speed of the current of gas. Informing regulators downstream from the introduction of the aqueous tells the controller can measure and tell time necessary to ensure that the increased pressure moved from sensor to sensor.

The velocity of the gas, such as the average speed of the gas can be calculated using the Central computer 44 using the equation: speed = distance × time. In addition, the corresponding sorting data will show the magnitude and the direction in which a higher pressure is distributed through the gas transportation system. In addition, the weakening of the variables as the size and duration will show the system response to various input.

Diagnostics

The distribution of the pressure surge, as discussed above, can be used to identify or characterize the parameters of the gas flow in the gas transportation system. A pressure surge may also enable the user to see how the regulators, when present dynamic state. If the controller does not compensate for the increased pressure, it can be assumed that the regulator has failed and, therefore, requires routine maintenance. These self-diagnosis of each reporting regulator can also be stored in a Central location, as well as in-memory reporting controller.

Definition and dynamic compensation expense

The Central computer may determine the number and OpenService dynamic flow. Specifically, the Central computer can identify areas that need dynamic compensation. Dynamic flow occurs in most systems due to changes in consumption. Dynamic consumption can be repeated daily or seasonally. Dynamic flow may also occur at any time. For example, dynamic consumption or consumption can occur as a result of drying or air-blast furnace at the factory from 8:00 to 17:00 every day. Dynamic consumption can also be caused by seasonal changes in the colder or warmer weather. The Central computer can make control adjustments through interaction with specific reporting regulators. Control adjustments can be made in response to dynamic costs or forecasts of consumption. System management can achieve better compensation with regulatory reporting controls.

The use of graphical tools, installation points and conditions alarm

Many commercially available programs of the organization and processing of databases (multiple teams in order to systematize data sensors) can create graphs based on the data in the database. In certain applications, graphic displayed the e data in the database will provide additional flexibility in understanding the operation of the gas transportation system. For example, a gas company may set a threshold value on the basis of the schedule "typical" or nominal operating points or parameters. Detection values out of graphic standards would be transformed into an abnormal condition of the system. Thus, when data having a value that exceeds the threshold is detected, the Central computer may generate a warning signal. The system notifies regulators is well adapted to prevent gas company personnel, that there are anomalies in the system, based on user-selectable boundary conditions (thresholds). The threshold values can be easily installed on the graphic display that depicts the normal operating state.

Warning signals can be switched through informing regulators 300-310 or by using the Central computer 44, responsive to data from informing regulators. When a warning signal is activated, the Central computer 44 may notify emergency personnel via pager, e-mail or a web browser. After notifying the emergency response personnel can select the data in the database in order to assist them in their critical decisions. It will usually be possible to correct problems from a remote location, use the UYa system of data collection and access devices, described in the present description.

Review instant consumption and leakage

In modern gas systems mechanical counters can determine what is included in the gas transmission system and all that comes out of this system on a monthly basis. However, this resolution is not good enough in order to accurately analyze a leak in the gas transportation system. In contrast, the system notifies regulators can determine the speed with which leaked gas, and, consequently, how much gas has flowed for some time interval. The system notifies regulators can also determine how much gas was flowed at a certain pressure. All these definitions can be performed with a high degree of accuracy, which was unattainable before.

The system parameters that are not directly in the sensor, can be determined using mathematical functions (equations), such as features, based on the laws of physics. For example, using sensor data and the equation of conservation of energy (that is, it is and should be), can be defined flow rate for immeasurable pipelines. If it is determined that a certain amount (flow) of the gas enters the pipeline, and less than this amount, out of the pipeline may be in Chiclana the amount of gas loss. In addition, the location of the leak can be determined and displayed to the user using the equation of conservation of energy. The Central computer when sending multiple commands can also determine how much leakage gas company daily, by determining how many could be sold to the lost gas. "Find and fix" can be confirmed based on the results of a calculation using observed data. Other laws of physics, such as superposition (which is included in the header or intersection, it should be), can be used to calculate the flow in immeasurable pipelines.

The locating leaks

Other physical and mathematical laws can also be used by the Central computer. For example, if there is a known leak and the user wishes to determine the location of the leak, the user can systematically increase the pressure in different locations. This determination may be performed using the management reporting regulators 300-310, responsive to control signals containing the identification number of the controlled regulator. After increasing the pressure in the suspected location of the user will check to see if there was an increase in the loss of the Aza per unit time (unaccounted for gas). Higher pressure in the leak will cause more gas to flow for a given period of time. Leaks can also be detected by using the law of conservation of energy. In addition, problems such as defective meters, unauthorized valves, faulty sensor, faulty regulators and faulty pumps or compressors, can be detected using the laws of physics.

Maximizing "bandwidth"

The driving pressure from a Central location by increasing pressure in certain areas and lowering pressure in other areas it is possible to maximize the transmission". Changing the pressure in the transport system liquid to eliminate swirl or flow of gas back to the desired direction. The exception vortex flow maximizes the amount of "bandwidth". Management system, responsive to the data made available by the control of regulators, will enable the company's gas transportation to maximize profits, at the same time obeying government regulations. If required state reports, the Central computer can print reports, extracting and configuring the data contained in the database 46 of the data.

Determine the cause of the leaks

In some cases, regulators may determine the potential for the th cause of the gas leak. If there is a sudden change in pressure and loss of gas after the peak pressure, most likely, was found to leak due to failure of closure of the valve and pressure relief. If there is a sudden change in pressure and loss of gas without evidence of increasing pressure, then the leak is most likely occurred because of the disruption caused by the equipment design. If a leak develops slowly and increase over time, the leak is most likely occurred due to corrosion in the pipeline, the pipe or valve in the gas transportation system. The Central computer can detect the rate of change of the amount of leakage and can predict or determine the cause of the leak. There may be a rate of change threshold value and if the calculated rate of change exceeds a threshold, the Central computer indicates that the pipeline is broken or the valve, or regulator is stuck in the open position.

Determining the source of impurities and tracking impurities

Informing the controller can receive data from the sensor impurities or detector and to transmit data to the Central processor. The sensor impurities can detect the presence of impurities, such as paraffin, sludge, carbon dioxide or water in the gas transportation system. Using data from informing regulators, the Central item is ocessor can determine the likely location of the element or impurities in the gas transportation system. Data from informing regulators can also be used to track the movement of the impurities in the system 3 gas transportation. In addition, these impurities approved by the Central computer 44 may be used to determine the effect of impurities on the performance of the system (i.e. the volume, pressure, lost volume delivery etc) by comparing historical data with current data.

Additional characteristics of the system informing regulators include the ability to determine the optimal location for installation of filters on the basis of historical data. The optimal location for installation of the filter can be where on the basis of background impurities included in the system or where impurities caused problems. A financial feasibility study for the installation of the filter can be obtained from the operating costs associated with problems or maintenance and current repair created by impurities.

Planning maintenance and current repair

The system notifies regulators allows gas companies to perform maintenance and repairs on the basis of "as needed". Currently, the gas company to perform maintenance and repairs on a periodic basis or at the critical value the ohms mode. The Central computer can alert you of impending problems or potential problems. For example, when the reduction of pressure on the filters exceeds a user-selected or predetermined threshold value, it can be assumed that the filter is clogged. On the basis of this definition, the Central computer 44 can schedule to have someone replaced the filter. Additional "not related to the gas system data, such as the motor temperature for motor, which drives the compressor, and the water level in the district pit, you can create a priority list of maintenance and repairs for maintenance crews and current repair of the gas company. Thus, the Central processor may declare and schedule maintenance and repair on the basis of the observed sensor data.

Pressure regulation and automatic reading of the meter for industrial and domestic use

In another application reporting regulator 29 can be effectively used for measuring household consumption. In this embodiment, informing the regulator can replace bulky mechanical counter mechanical pressure regulator and communication Cabinet (if present). Informing the regulator can mean the flax to reduce maintenance and labor, required for installation. More importantly, the system notifies controllers can eliminate the monthly cost of a physical visit, read and write the output of the counter from each family in the community. Thus, the CPU can automatically generate invoices for domestic use.

An additional advantage of the system informing regulators is the highest accuracy in billing for the actual energy delivered to the consumer. Currently, the quality of the delivered energy is estimated based on the volume of gas delivered. The true energy content of the gas delivered is determined with the help of many immeasurable factors such as the energy content of the gas (BTU (British thermal unit), the amount of impurities in the gas (water, carbon Dioxide)gas temperature and other variables. Currently, all these parameters are evaluated.

Identification and minimization of friction losses

The Central processor can calculate the losses due to friction in the current gas from pipe walls, filters and other restrictions. Pressure, speed, temperature or kinetic energy provided at the inlet of the pipeline, minus the kinetic energy that comes out of the pipeline, will provide the friction loss through the piping. This information is the military to understand inefficiencies, and to justify large pipelines, higher pressures or development system. The Central processor using a corresponding set of commands can plan the development of the gas distribution system through the use of data, such as pressure, volume, and use the laws of physics, such as conservation of energy, in order to determine the losses of the pipeline, planned requirements flow and other variables to estimate the required pressure and the pipe sizes required for system development.

Resource management

Electronic identification number and characteristics of the mark system informing regulators described in the present description, provide additional benefits, such as improved administration resources. Marked data resource management in the 46 data will allow gas companies to track all types of data about the performance, maintenance and current repair, calibration, testing and repair of the report of the controller and the sensor. For example, data resource management regarding reporting regulator, such as the background of the repair, activate alarms, faulty/incorrect behavior, past the installed location, sent data, performed the repairs, data deleted from the service, done the TES data service, staff who repaired the location of the repair or maintenance can be marked with an identifying number and a timestamp. A very accurate measure of the mean time between failure (sumo) can be calculated for informing regulators and sensors. Telling regulators that have a history of problems, can be removed from the gas transportation system and returned to the manufacturer to determine what caused a less than acceptable performance. The cost of maintenance and repairs of the entire system can be precisely defined.

The Central computer 44 can detect the failure informing the regulator through poor performance or diagnostic data from the failed controller. Reacting to the failure of the Central computer can plan staff or part of the sequence to replace a failed report of the controller. Information about the failure can be placed in the base 46 of the data, or it can be downloaded and stored in the memory indicating controller using the mark ID number. When the specialist begins the repair, the expert can select historical information regarding the fault. The specialist can then download the historical data repair back into memory tells Ryo is ulator before putting the device back into service. Thus, the prehistory of the action until the last moment" relative to each informing the regulator can easily be supported using the mark identification number described above.

The balanced feed lines

The base 46 of the data can be sorted to show the location of low pressure, using the Central computer 44. Informing regulators, outstanding location of low pressure can be adjusted to increase its output pressure. This control will reduce the number of areas of the gas transportation system, which had problems resulting from low pressure gas. In addition, the Central computer using a variety of commands and data of the pressure of the entire system, can regulate the pressure in specific areas in order to compensate for pressure feed lines. Viewing data flow from a number of informing regulators may specify that one tells the controller provides a disproportionate amount of gas in a specific area (the offset). The user can then perform the appropriate adjustments in order to improve the balance of the system.

Although the above paragraphs describe the many uses for the system informing regulators, these p is emery should not be used to limit the scope of the present invention.

Now, referring to figure 5, depicts a block diagram of a high level for use in the management of the gas transmission system. In step 1, as illustrated in block 52, indicating to the controller e is assigned an identification number. It is preferable to store the identification number in a memory informing you of the regulator. Please refer to the description figv for ways of assigning and storing electronic identification numbers.

Then in stage 2, as depicted in block 54, is determined by the relationship (ratio) between the assigned identification number and work location reporting controller. In one implementation, a ratio is established by creating a relational database. The database can be created using the existing data location gas company (usually in the form of a database), and adding identification numbers telling regulators to the respective columns in an existing database (databases). As discussed in the description figv, many different methods of correlation could be used by the system informing regulators, and the stage 54 may not be required if the assigned identification number directly indicates the location reported to the regulator.

In step 3, as illustrated in block 56, informing the controller operates in accordance with many user-defined commands (by software) to accept and save the data of the sensors. For example, the set command defines the frequency at which sensor data are read from each port. Many teams also determines when, where and how the data are stored in memory. In addition, many teams will determine the type and format of the sensor data, which will be taken in each port. For example, pressure data in digital format or temperature data in analog format may be created and saved with the help of informing the controller.

Then in step 4, as depicted in block 58, informing the controller processes the sensor data in accordance with various commands. Many manipulations, calculations or processing could be performed on the data of the sensors. However, informing the regulator notes sensor data attributes in accordance with an instruction set so that the data can be organized and can be manipulated. It is preferable to mark each portion of the sensor data time stamp, a date stamp and identification number tells the controller that receives the data. The marker may be performed after the data is retrieved or before PE is educa data reporting regulator. For example, the location in memory that stores sensor data, can be correlated with interval time and date. In this way the data must not be displayed after receiving, as the memory location specifies the data and time of receipt of data. Thus, the data can be marked when they are transmitted to a Central location.

Processing may also include computing processor using data from multiple sensors. For example, the volume of flow through the regulator can be calculated using the provisions of the throttle body, the pressure difference across the throttle body and stored working profile. Processing may include compression of sensor data before saving the data in memory.

In step 5, as depicted in block 60, the observed data is then transmitted to a Central location. The transfer may be initiated from the data request by the CPU. Alternative, the processor may initiate a transfer of data in response to a predetermined command "time to load"found in many commands.

Then in step 6, as illustrated in block 62, if the submitter of the regulator given the command to terminate, the process ends in block 64. Unless there is a change or if there are no commands will stop the work, the method returns to step 3 (block 56) and notifies the controller continues to receive, mark, and to transmit sensor data.

The Central computer 44 may provide part or all of many commands in informing the regulator. Thus, the Central computer 44 can schedule a message for all reporting regulators in the system of transporting liquids. The Central computer 44 can schedule messages so that the load (the message) from informing regulators can be done by way of "Robin". It will be understood that each of the operations described above are performed using a processor or computer actually executes one or more routines, programs, applications, or other multiple commands, stored or otherwise implemented by the processor or computer. These proposals can be implemented in software, firmware, hardware, software or their combination. Transport system fluid, described in the present description, decides heavy and burdensome problems associated with the installation and operation of the system for collecting and managing data from a system of gas transportation. The proposed system and method provide an integrated pressure regulation system, collecting data, mark data, transmission of the control and data recording. Above have been described in detail preferred embodiments of the present invention. Various modifications and additions can be made without going beyond the nature and scope of this invention. Thus, it is assumed that this description should be taken only as an example and in no way intended to limit the scope of the invention defined by the following claims.

1. Informing the regulator to control the pressure in the pipeline, containing

the element regulating the flow rate using the throttle to control the gas pressure;

reporting module for distributing data from sensors systems transporting liquids in many receivers, containing input for receiving data from sensors of the transportation system liquid; a memory connected to the input and providing memorizing the received data from the sensors, a variety of commands and identification number, and identification number represents the location reporting module; a processor adapted to execute a lot of commands, and a lot of commands instructs the processor to mark sensor data identification number; a communication circuit connected to the processor and the memory and adapted for the button to transfer the mentioned data to many receivers.

2. Informing the regulator of claim 1, wherein informing the optional module is adapted to process the sensor data and generate a control signal, responsive to sensor data that can be used by the regulator fluid pressure to control the flow of fluid through the pressure regulator fluid.

3. Informing the regulator of claim 1, wherein informing the optional module is adapted to calculate at least one parameter of the gas transportation system and the characteristics of the gas transportation system, using the received sensor data.

4. Informing the regulator according to claim 1, wherein a set of receivers further includes at least one computer adapted to create a database.

5. Informing the regulator according to claim 4, in which the communication circuit is adapted to transfer the mentioned sensor data, at least one computer, using radiomedicine.

6. Informing the regulator according to claim 4, in which the communication circuit is adapted to transfer the mentioned sensor data, at least one computer, using the Internet Protocol.

7. Informing the regulator to control the pressure of the gas pipeline and transmission of sensor data transmission system gas containing the element regulating the flow through the inductor; a processor adapted to execute a lot of commands, and many teams delivers the commands to the processor to receive data from sensors and control element regulating the flow rate in response to the data from the sensors; a memory, adapted to memorize received from sensor data and to remember the attribute, and the attribute represents a characteristic of the received data, in which multiple commands signals the processor to mark the stored sensor data attribute; a communication circuit connected to the processor and adapted to transmit observed data in the computer.

8. Informing the regulator according to claim 7, wherein a set of commands and a processor adapted to calculate one parameter of the system and the characteristic of the system, using the received data of the gas transportation system.

9. Informing the regulator of claim 8, in which the characteristic of the system is the gas flow through a predetermined location.

10. Informing the regulator according to claim 7, in which the attribute is one of: an identification number, location, time, date, data type, sensor type, priority, address UDN (access control) and the alarm status.

11. Data management system for natural gas transport systems containing the Central computer is Ter, adapted to create a database; many informing regulators, each informing the regulator includes an element regulating the flow rate using the throttle to control the gas pressure in the gas transportation system, and a processor adapted to receive data, at least one sensor of the gas transportation system, to mark the received data unique identification number and data, depending on many teams, while the Central computer is adapted to create a database using the mark on the sensor data.

12. The data management system according to claim 11, in which the unique identification number is the beginning of the sensor data.

13. The data management system according to claim 11, in which the Central computer is adapted to calculate one of the characteristics of the system and the system parameter using the received data.

14. The data management system according to claim 11, in which the Central computer is adapted to sort the flagged data depending on user commands.

15. The data management system according to claim 11, in which the first of many telling controllers adapted to control the functions of the second report of the controller of the many telling regulators.

16. Sist the mA data management according to claim 11, in which sensor data indicate system status defined, at least one host controller in the set of control knobs.

17. The data management system according to claim 11, in which the Central computer is adapted to prepare an invoice of the consumer, using the data in the database.

18. The data management system according to claim 11, in which a Central computer sends multiple commands, at least one notifying the regulator of a variety informing regulators, the set of commands configures the operation of at least one reporting control.

19. The data management system according to claim 11, in which the Central computer is adapted to apply the command, at least one tells the controller to transfer the mentioned data in the database.

20. The data management system according to claim 11, in which many informing regulators adapted to transmit information resource management, and in which the Central computer is adapted to use the information resource management, in order to create a report of maintenance and repairs.

21. The data management system according to claim 11, in which the Central computer is adapted to generate graficas the second event view of the gas transportation system and to provide a graphical representation to a display device.

22. The method of controlling data transmission system gas containing phases, which assigns a unique electronic identification number indicating to the controller, take on informing the controller data from a sensor, adapted to work in the gas transportation system, use telling the controller to control at least one pressure in the gas transmission system using the received sensor data recorded at informing the regulator received from sensor data attribute, and pass them from informing the regulator mentioned observed sensor data into a Central location.

23. The way the data management system of gas transportation by article 22, in which the step of transferring further includes a data transfer using the Internet radio connection.

24. The way the data management system of gas transportation by article 22, which then creates the database in a Central location using observed data.

25. The way the data management system of transportation of gas through the point 24, which then generate the keys and relationships in a database, remember when observed data.

26. Tells the controller to control the fluid pressure in the gas transmission system and data transmission system gas Central the location, containing electrical interconnect connected to indicating to the controller; at least a first port connected with said electrical interconnect, and the first port is designed to receive data from the sensors of the gas transportation system; a memory connected with said electrical interconnect for storing the received sensor data, at least one attribute; a communication circuit connected to the electrical interconnect to share the selected data into a Central location.

27. Informing the regulator p, which further includes a timer connected to the electrical interconnect to create a timestamp, in which at least one attribute is a timestamp.

28. Informing the regulator p, which further contains an element regulating the flow through the inductor, coupled to the processor, the element that regulates the flow is designed to control the gas pressure in the output fluid channel communicating controller.

29. Informing the regulator p, which also contains the first pressure sensor, the second pressure sensor and the position sensor element regulating the flow rate at which the first and second pressure sensors and said position sensor element regulating the flow connected with the UE is mentioned by the processor, which calculates the volume flow through the mentioned informing the regulator, using data from the aforementioned first and second pressure sensors and said position sensor element regulating the flow and creates a data flow, note informing the controller.

30. Informing the regulator p, in which the above mentioned communication circuit adapted to transmit sensor data to the Central location in response to the request information from the Central location.

31. Informing the regulator p, wherein a set of commands adapted to apply a command to the processor to carry out at least one mathematical process on the received sensor data.

32. Informing the regulator p in which communication scheme transmits observed data at a predetermined time in response to various commands.

33. Informing the regulator p, which then contains the identification number of the port assigned to the at least first port, which tells the controller also is adapted to mark sensor data identifying the port number of the port on which data taken.

34. Informing the regulator p, in which the processor is adapted to mark sensor data before saving the data in memory.

35. Informing the regulator p, which further contains a device initialization, the device initialization is adapted to load an identification number in a memory before installing a reporting regulator in the gas transportation system.

36. Informing the regulator p, which further contains a device initialization, the device initialization is adapted to load an identification number in the memory after informing the regulator is installed in the gas pipeline system.



 

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9 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: ferrous metallurgy; nonferrous metallurgy; methods of automated control over ore mining and dressing production.

SUBSTANCE: the invention is pertaining to the field of ferrous and nonferrous metallurgy, in particular, to the method of automated control over ore mining and dressing production by means of the branched computer network. The technical result of the invention is an improved quality and effectiveness of the control. The method provides for a measurement within the preset time intervals of an electrical power consumption (PC) by equipment of the technological link (TL) of mining, TL of bucking and TL of iron-ore concentrate production per 1 ton of the product, mains voltage and determination of the correcting coefficient considering the effect of the mains voltage value. On the basis of statistical data for the equipment of the TL of mining, TL of ore bucking and TL of an iron-ore concentrate production considering mechanical and chemical properties of the raw material and the number of units of operating equipment they introduce in the controlling system the boundary parameters (BP) of acceptable values of PC used for production of 1 ton of the products at the fixed main voltage. At the stage of processing by the TL of mining the initial ore is weighted and averaged for bringing of the mechanical and chemical parameters to the preset boundary parameters for processing by the following technological links. At the stage of ore processing by TL of bucking they check the chemical composition and mechanical properties of an intermediate product. At a stage of processing of ore by TL of production of the iron-ore concentrate they determine amount of products of the preset chemical composition produced from 1 ton of the ore, For each link of TL fix the number of the equipment units operating in parallel. Then make a comparison of the power consumed by each TL for production of 1 ton of products with the boundary parameters acceptable PC values per 1 ton of the products for the data of the initial ore composition, parameters of the TL products and a quantity of the units of the equipment in parallel operating in composition of TL. Determine the value of deviations and multiply by the coefficient considering the effect of the mains voltage value. If the measured values of PC exceed at the indicated TLs preset boundary parameters (BP)of acceptable values of PC per 1 ton of the products fix the operating irregularity of the equipment of the particular TL. Analyze the dynamics of the gained deviations rise time and by the obtained results of the analysis determine the sequence and the volume of diagnosing of the particular unit of the TL equipment. After that step-by-step transfer the TL equipment in a diagnostic mode of operation, conduct its diagnosing and issue a command to change the mode of operation of the particular units of the TL equipment or to cease their operation.

EFFECT: the invention ensures an improved quality and effectiveness of the control.

1 dwg

FIELD: automatics and computer science, possible use for developing solutions for tasks for controlling modes of expansive electric energy based systems.

SUBSTANCE: in control system consisting of several sub-systems, connected by means of communication with computer machine, and optimization module connected thereto, computer machine is selected as computer machine of upper level, and each subsystem is provided with computing machine of lower level, herein optimization module and block for calculating functional characteristics of current subsystem are realized, while system is also provided with means for upper level communication and means for lower level communication, computing machines of lower level through communication means of upper level are connected to computing machine of upper level and through communication means of lower level are connected to subsystems.

EFFECT: decreased total amount of information transferred while controlling modes of electric energy based systems, increased speed of operations.

4 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: engineering of systems for automatic control over technological processes.

SUBSTANCE: in the method appropriate for invention at least one controlling computing machine is utilized and a certain amount of field devices, while status signals and control signals between at least a portion of field devices and controlling computing machine are transferred using TCP/IP protocol via communication channel, preferably for radio-communication and/or Internet. System for controlling process appropriate for invention has controlling computing machine with Web-server, computing machine of client with Internet browser, and also multiple indicators and positioning devices; system for controlling process is preferably services by means of Internet through personal computer of client.

EFFECT: improved universality of software used for servicing and observing.

2 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: engineering of controlling and adjusting systems for controlling technological processes.

SUBSTANCE: complex contains workstations and servers based on personal electronic computer machines, connected as a local area Ethernet network, and also controllers and functional modules. Programmable logical integral circuits, built into each functional module, support programming of practically any algorithms for processing signals and control, adequate for tasks, assigned by engineer to current module. Three variants of system engineering are possible on basis of means included in complex: centralized control, local control, distributed control. In all three variants central microprocessor module controlled by software performs primary configuring of functional modules, information exchange, control and diagnostics of software and hardware means.

EFFECT: expanded functional capabilities, increased reliability, improved maintainability.

14 cl, 19 dwg

FIELD: computer systems engineering, welding systems, possible use for providing welding architecture to make possible interactive realization of remote configuration, monitoring, control and business operations in distributed environment, wherein welding processes are performed.

SUBSTANCE: system includes at least one welding device, operatively connected to network server, network interface and network for exchanging data with at least one remote system. Remote system includes at least one remote interface for exchanging data with network architecture. Remote system is made with possible request of at least one HTTP socket for setting up connection to welding device through network, loading at least one application from welding device and communication with at least one welding application socket through at least one application for exchanging information between welding device and remote system. At least one appropriate includes at least one of components: welding configuration component, welding monitoring component and welding control component. Method for provision of distributed welding architecture includes stages, at which: welding device is connected to network interface. For setting up network connection through network interface to remote system, at least one socket is used: HTTP socket or welding application socket, where HTTP socket is used for exchanging data with remote systems. Structure of data, providing welding protocol, includes at least one of following fields: field of options/flags, field of order of messages, message status field, data length field, data field, server commands field, server command identifier field, server command arguments field, machine field, machine address field, field of identifier of method/property and field for arguments of method/property.

EFFECT: decreased time and labor costs related to technical maintenance and adjustment of multiple welding devices and systems.

6 cl, 22 dwg

FIELD: connecting controller may be used in gas transportation systems.

SUBSTANCE: connecting controller contains electric interconnection, which connects a set of input ports to processor and memory. In accordance to invention, marked data may be grouped in time and space by means of central computer using attributes. Processor may utilize aforementioned data to constantly monitor, determine parameters and control the whole gas transportation system.

EFFECT: controller precisely distributes system events in time and space, using marked data for this purpose, resulting in increased efficiency of system, control over repairing of breakdown, capacity for planning of advance technical maintenance and routine maintenance.

5 cl, 6 dwg

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