Transport facility with auxiliary engine

FIELD: cargo velomobiles.

SUBSTANCE: proposed four-wheel velomobile has frame (1) with treadle drive (5) made in form of angle framework whose height does exceed wheel diameter; cargo compartments, driver's seat and mounting seat for auxiliary engine (2) are formed by means of longitudinal and transversal angle-pieces; brackets for spring-loaded wheels are mounted on the outside. Kinematic joints of handle-bar drive, steering linkage and rear axle suspension are made in form of forks, inserts with perpendicular holes, axles and rods ensuring compact joint of movable perpendicular rotary and screw pairs. Auxiliary clutch for engagement of auxiliary engine is made in form of bush and holder; holder has recesses and bush is provided with three pairs swivel spring-loaded pawls inclined to opposite sides; drive for engagement of bush and holder is made in form of taper bush mounted coaxially in bush and in holder, as well as balls radially movable relative to bush for action on pawls.

EFFECT: light weight of cargo-hoisting frame.

8 dwg

 

The present invention relates to the field of Bicycle transportation and can be used to transport goods and travel.

Known vehicle design (SU A.S. 1558760, M. CL. 62 To 13/00), which is a four-wheeled bike. The problem of transportation of goods here solved by placing the stroller between the two wheeled bikes. To drive the vehicle needed two people. The frame of the vehicle, consisting of two frames above two-wheeled bicycles and strollers, not sprung. Driving a vehicle while driving, and especially when turning, requires consistency between cyclists.

Known construction vehicles with independent suspension of the front wheels that provide transportation of passengers and cargo (EAP, Achromycin "Car. Analysis of the structures, elements of calculation". M.: Mashinostroenie, 1989, ISB No. 5-217-00343-X), steering linkage which includes the steering trapezoid, levers, rods, and dependent rear wheel suspension containing reactive longitudinal and transverse bars (see also Schestopalov, Cssential "cars". M.: Transport, 1995, ISB No. 5-277-01703-In). Rod suspension with their ends connected with the levers steering linkage via a ball joint. Rod rear machining the key with their ends connected to the brackets of the frame of the vehicle and a beam rear axle. And in both cases these connections are spherical kinematic pair (Ski "Theory of mechanisms and machines". M.: Nauka, 1988, UDC 531.8 (075.8)).

Cars have a lot of weight, pollute the atmosphere and are not intended for Wellness (training) travel. In addition, the above spherical kinematic pair complex, the constituent elements (ball fingers) have a large load in the form of bending moments due to console those ball fingers.

Known design (prototype) of the vehicle (patent SU 1058496 And "Drive moped", M. Eng. 62 23/02, publ. 30.11.83 Bul) with an auxiliary engine having a tubular frame, the pedal actuator, spring-loaded wheels, steering wheel, driver seat, auxiliary engine with the clutch switching. The design can be used for Wellness (training) travel with the pedal drive and to travel with an auxiliary motor, with the inclusion of auxiliary engine via a special coupling is enabled.

However, the design of the vehicle with the auxiliary engine has enough functionality as unstable when transporting large cargoes (there are only two wheels), and management fender difficult is prohibited, as posted on the rotating pulley. Itself clutch complicated and has a lot of loaded elements.

Object of the present invention is to provide a vehicle with more functionality.

This is achieved in that in the vehicle with an auxiliary motor, containing frame, spring-loaded wheels, steering wheel, driver seat, pedal drive, auxiliary engine, coupling the auxiliary engine, added two wheels, a front axle with independent suspension, rear axle with independent suspension, steering linkage, leverage and thrust, and the kinematic connection of the elements of the steering actuator, the steering linkage and suspension rear axle made in the form of plugs, liners with perpendicular holes, the axes and rods, providing a compact, mostly serial connection odnopodezdny mutually perpendicular rotational and helical pairs, the frame is made in a lightweight form and includes basic spatial contour representing the angular frame (height of not more than one impeller diameter) with a thin coverings, inside of which by means of longitudinal and transverse parts formed of the cargo compartments, driver's seat, place the auxiliary engine, and installed outside the brackets is asemenea spring-loaded wheels coupling the auxiliary engine is made in the form of a sleeve and the shell, and the yoke has a depression at the sleeve with axes placed a pair of rotatable spring-loaded dogs, inclined in opposite directions, and the drive gear bushings and clamps made in the form of a tapered sleeve mounted coaxially of the sleeve and the ferrule, and balls, with the possibility of radial movement relative to the sleeve.

The invention is illustrated by the following drawings:

figure 1 shows the proposed vehicle

figure 2 is a view As in figure 1,

figure 3 - cross-section B-B (rotated) in figure 2,

figure 4 is a view In figure 3,

figure 5 - section G-G (rotated) in figure 2,

figure 6 - section d-D figure 5,

7 - section e-E figure 5,

on Fig - section f-F in figure 5.

We offer vehicle with an auxiliary motor includes a frame 1 (Fig 1), consisting of a main transport path, made in the form of corner frame (height of not more than one impeller diameter) with a thin coverings, inside of which by means of longitudinal and transverse parts of the generated driver's seat, cargo compartments, the place auxiliary engine 2, and outside there are brackets for placement of the front axle 3, the rear axle 4 and dampers. In the middle of the frame is mounted the pedal actuator 5. In front of the her part of the frame 1 is mounted a steering actuator, including the wheel 6, the shaft 7, the steering column 8, drive roller 9. In the rear 1 rear axle 4 and additional engine 2. Rear axle 4 and the frame 1 are connected by longitudinal 10, 11 and transverse (not shown) rods between them.

Sprocket pedal drive 5 is connected with a sprocket wheel rear axle 4 circuit 12 through the overrunning clutch (not shown). Asterisk additional output shaft of the engine 2 is connected with a corresponding sprocket of the rear axle 4 by a chain 13.

The control mechanism by the rotation of the wheels 14, 15 (2) front axle 3 made with independent pivot suspension, includes swing arms 16, 17, permanently connected to the wheels 14, 15, the secondary struts 18, 19, swing arms 20, 21, and the lever 21 from the steering actuator can transmit a pulling or pushing force transverse thrust 19, and through the rod 22 and the rotary lever 20 is powered 18.

At the end of each of the transverse rods 18, 19 has a flange parts (forks 22, 24 in figure 3 and figure 4), having open with one hand grooves, and the plug 23 is stationary connected with a thrust of 18, and the plug 24 through the running thread so that during relative movement of the front wheels and the frame when riding on rough roads plug 24 and the rod 18 could be rotated relative to each other at a small angle. In the slots of the forks 23, 24 can be rotated on axes 25, 26 times what emeny liners 27, 28, having mutually perpendicular openings, which in addition to the holes 25, 26 are placed in the axis 29, 30. The liners 27, 28 through the axis 29, 30 are connected with the plugs 31, 32, made at the ends of the swivel levers 16, 17 (2) suspension front axle 3.

The rods connecting the rear axle 4 and the frame 1, is similar tagum (see figure 3 and figure 4).

The propeller roller 9 (Fig 1) steering is accomplished similarly tagum (see figure 3 and figure 4), but without screw connection, since the latter would not be allowed to transfer rotation required to rotate the wheel.

Rear axle is dependent spring suspension with a reactive rods (rods). In the casing 33 (figure 5) rear axle mounted for rotation sleeve 34 within which is placed rotatably axis (not indicated). Axis and the sleeve 34 through the differential mechanism (not shown) are connected. The sleeve 34 through the overrunning clutch (not shown) mounted sprocket (not shown)connected by a chain with the pedal drive and sprocket (not labeled)connected to drive the respective chain.

Coupling the auxiliary engine includes a sleeve 34, the holder 35 and the conical sleeve 36 and the yoke 35 has the possibility of relative rotation with respect to the sleeve 34. The sleeve 34 also available with a capacity which allows radial movement of the balls 37.

In addition, in the sleeve 34 (Fig.6 and Fig.7) is placed to rotate a pair of spring-loaded dogs 38, 39 ratcheting engagement, facing in opposite directions with respect to each other.

The holder 35 is made of the recesses 40 (6) and 41 (7) in different planes so that it is provided with ratchet engagement of the shroud 35 and the sleeve 34 when either of the two directions of relative rotation of the sleeve 34 and the shell 35.

The balls 37 (Fig) are in contact with the conical sleeve 36 and the ends of the spring-loaded dogs 38, 39 and the conical sleeve 36 with a corresponding axial movement relative to the sleeve 34 through the balls 37 can output from the ratchet gear bushing 34 and the holder 35.

Operates a vehicle with an additional engine is as follows.

The Bicycle's movement begins after the effort of the driver pedal actuator 2 (Fig 1). When this torque is transmitted through the overrunning clutch sleeve 34 (figure 5) and the differential mechanism to the axes of the wheels of the rear axle.

When working only with a pedal drive pawl 38, 39 (figure 5, 6, 7, Fig) withdrawn from engagement with the depressions 40, 41 of the casing 35 by means of a conical sleeve 36 and the balls 37, so perhaps a relative turning of the sleeve 34 and the shell 35, kinematically connected with the auxiliary drive motor. When pushed the cone and the sleeve 36 of the sleeve 34 spring-loaded pawl 38, 39 seek to engage with the depressions 40, 41 of the shroud 35 regardless of the direction of relative rotation of the sleeve 34 and the shell 35. When the locking dogs 38, 39 with the yoke 35 is engaged auxiliary engine and wheels of the rear axle. If you create auxiliary motor, the rotation speed of the sleeve 34 is less than the speed generated by the pedal actuator, the pedal actuator and auxiliary engine work together. Otherwise, using the overrunning clutch pedal actuator and torque on the rear axle is only created auxiliary engine.

When driving on a rough road swing arms 16, 17 (2) front wheels and rear axle 2 (figure 2) vibrate relative to the frame 1.

Essential power circuit between the levers of the control mechanism by turning the front wheels and between the casing of the rear axle 4 and the frame 1 is provided above compounds in the form of plugs, liners, rods and axes, representing the serial connection mutually perpendicular rotational (or screw) kinematic pairs, and compact connection of such pairs should be no more than three.

In these odnopodezdny kinematic pairs can act only efforts tension - compression that allows the elements kinemat the ical pairs of the smaller sizes in comparison with used ball joints. Such compact kinematic connections may be used in the construction of cars.

The design of the coupling auxiliary engine allows you to easily switch the operation modes of the vehicle. Clutch similar constructions can be used in other industries, for example in the machine.

Performing a frame in the form of low spatial angular frame with thin skins allows you to get a small weight of the vehicle.

Thus, the vehicle with an auxiliary motor has broader functionality, as it allows to implement sustainable mobility vehicle during Wellness (training) travel and transportation of oversized cargo, with the transition from driving with the pedal to drive the driving mode with the additional engine can be carried out easily and quickly.

Vehicle with an auxiliary motor, containing frame, spring-loaded wheels, steering wheel, driver seat, pedal drive, auxiliary engine, coupling the auxiliary engine, characterized in that it additionally introduced two wheels, a front axle with independent suspension, rear axle with independent suspension, steering linkage, the steering wheel is the first line, levers and throttle, and the kinematic connection of the steering actuator, the steering linkage and suspension rear axle made in the form of plugs, liners with mutually perpendicular holes, the axes and rods, providing a compact mainly serial connection odnopodezdny mutually perpendicular rotational and helical pairs, the frame is made in a lightweight form and includes basic spatial contour representing the angular frame of no more than one diameter wheels with thin coverings, inside of which by means of longitudinal and transverse parts formed of the cargo compartments, driver's seat, place the auxiliary engine, and outside there are brackets to accommodate spring-loaded wheels, clutch auxiliary engine is made in the form of a sleeve and the shell, and the yoke has a depression at the sleeve with axes placed a pair of rotatable spring-loaded dogs, inclined in opposite directions, and the drive gear bushings and clamps made in the form of a tapered sleeve mounted coaxially with the sleeve and the ferrule, and balls, with the possibility of radial movement relative to the sleeve.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: transport engineering; muscular drives.

SUBSTANCE: in transport vehicle, for instance, biocycle or boat, provision is made for measuring frequency of rotation of pedal and torque developed by man for power meter. Control system is functionally coupled with device for changing motor power and it changes motor power from zero to preset maximum vale at changing of power developed by man in range from nonzero minimum value to maximum value. Man can manually set limits of power range developed by man.

EFFECT: provision of operation under any conditions of movement at comfort load range.

3 dwg

Wheeled vehicle // 2274577

FIELD: transport engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to cars with transmission and friction roller engaging with periphery of driving wheel. Drive of driving wheel 2 is either hand and/or mechanical, being secured on load bearing frame by lever. Guide wheel 13 is used for hand drive with outer surface in form of torus and made of friction material, and for mechanical drive, in form of profiled roller 14 with outer surface made of friction material. Driving wheel 2 is provided with rim 12 of drive which is made for hand drive in form of ring with concave part, and for mechanical drive, outer surface of driving wheel 2 is used as rim. Load-bearing frame 16 secured on base 5 is provided with bent upwards posts 17 made of section material. Lever arranged on one of posts 17 is secured from side of driving wheel 2 to thrust against section web of post 17, both when guide wheel 13 of guide roller 14 is released from drive rim and pressed to drive rim. Steering wheel 7 is fitted on posts 17 of load-bearing frame 16 for turning around vertical axle, being furnished with control arm arranged horizontally.

EFFECT: reduced force required for rolling the car.

4 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: transport engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to foot drive of electric transmission. Proposed small-size vehicle for individual use has base 1 with two driving wheels 3 connected through belts 29 of variable-speed drive with two electric motors 27 supplied by battery 8 and/or generators 11 with possibility of recuperation. Base 1 is hinge-connected with one- or two-axle bogie 4 with two generators 11. Generator armatures are rotated by pedals 14 provided with spiral rods 17 with pull-back springs 17 or equipped with levers and gears for rotating the armature.

EFFECT: increased distance covered without charging.

12 cl, 5 dwg

Bike // 2223886
The invention relates to two-wheeled bicycles with electric transmission and flywheel, which can be used to stabilize the bike

The invention relates to a combined vehicles, in particular for mopeds (motorized), driven by human muscle force and internal combustion engine

FIELD: transport engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention is designed for converting standard bicycle into tricycle by fastening car instead of front fork. Connecting device 3 of car 1 has upper and lower parts with axle tilter relative to bicycle frame 8 to provide tilting of bicycle frame 8 to side of cornering. Connecting device 3 consists of upper and lower brackets on car 1. Plate fastened to frame 8 through hole for passing front fork of bicycle is hinge-connected with upper bracket of connecting device 3. Tube consisting of two parts connected by two cover plates enclosing tilted tube of bicycle frame 8 is hinge-connected with lower bracket. Tube is secured in its rear part by two cover plates in unit of under-saddle intersection of tubes of bicycle frame 8. Wheels of car are mounted on cantilever axle. Synchronous operation of caliper brakes of car wheels is provided by tensioning of cable, common for two brakes, and passing along steering tube of car skeleton. When brakes are used as parking brakes, cable is tensioned and put on hooks on said tube. Sides of car are made of gauze. Hinged front board can be fixed in horizontal position. Car is provided with seat for passengers, which can be used as tent for covering loads, or as sail.

EFFECT: increased load carrying capacity of car, possibility of use with any bicycle without its modification.

4 cl, 17 dwg

Dump trailer frame // 2254258

FIELD: transport engineering; railless vehicles.

SUBSTANCE: proposed frame of dump vehicle consists of sidemembers and crossmembers with body dumping mechanism bracket rigidly connected to crossmembers in middle part of frame. Body dumping mechanism bracket is made in from of steel wire rope passed through hollow rods rigidly secured in pairs on adjacent crossmembers of frame.

EFFECT: improved reliability of frame of dump vehicle.

4 dwg

Vehicle // 2228872
The invention relates to vehicles, in particular can be used in small-sized loaders and bulldozers

Vehicle // 2177904
The invention relates to self-propelled vehicles equipped with the reloading tool

The invention relates to agricultural machinery, namely, self-propelled vehicles, in particular to the power of constructive elements - frames of self-propelled vehicles increased maneuverability collected from several parts

Vehicle // 2003549

Dump trailer frame // 2254258

FIELD: transport engineering; railless vehicles.

SUBSTANCE: proposed frame of dump vehicle consists of sidemembers and crossmembers with body dumping mechanism bracket rigidly connected to crossmembers in middle part of frame. Body dumping mechanism bracket is made in from of steel wire rope passed through hollow rods rigidly secured in pairs on adjacent crossmembers of frame.

EFFECT: improved reliability of frame of dump vehicle.

4 dwg

FIELD: cargo velomobiles.

SUBSTANCE: proposed four-wheel velomobile has frame (1) with treadle drive (5) made in form of angle framework whose height does exceed wheel diameter; cargo compartments, driver's seat and mounting seat for auxiliary engine (2) are formed by means of longitudinal and transversal angle-pieces; brackets for spring-loaded wheels are mounted on the outside. Kinematic joints of handle-bar drive, steering linkage and rear axle suspension are made in form of forks, inserts with perpendicular holes, axles and rods ensuring compact joint of movable perpendicular rotary and screw pairs. Auxiliary clutch for engagement of auxiliary engine is made in form of bush and holder; holder has recesses and bush is provided with three pairs swivel spring-loaded pawls inclined to opposite sides; drive for engagement of bush and holder is made in form of taper bush mounted coaxially in bush and in holder, as well as balls radially movable relative to bush for action on pawls.

EFFECT: light weight of cargo-hoisting frame.

8 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the vehicle, particularly, the construction site machine. Claimed construction site machine is composed of mobile digger or the carrier including the running gear to support the chassis and top part coupled therewith. Note here that said top modular part is composed by two plug-in modules. Note also that at least one actuator module is used to make the machine driving assy and the machine cooling system. Note that at least one extra module comprises one or more elements of said top part. Note that all hydraulic valves or at least their notable quantity are integrated in a separate module.

EFFECT: compatibility of structural parts of said machine or carrier.

9 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: cargo velomobiles.

SUBSTANCE: proposed four-wheel velomobile has frame (1) with treadle drive (5) made in form of angle framework whose height does exceed wheel diameter; cargo compartments, driver's seat and mounting seat for auxiliary engine (2) are formed by means of longitudinal and transversal angle-pieces; brackets for spring-loaded wheels are mounted on the outside. Kinematic joints of handle-bar drive, steering linkage and rear axle suspension are made in form of forks, inserts with perpendicular holes, axles and rods ensuring compact joint of movable perpendicular rotary and screw pairs. Auxiliary clutch for engagement of auxiliary engine is made in form of bush and holder; holder has recesses and bush is provided with three pairs swivel spring-loaded pawls inclined to opposite sides; drive for engagement of bush and holder is made in form of taper bush mounted coaxially in bush and in holder, as well as balls radially movable relative to bush for action on pawls.

EFFECT: light weight of cargo-hoisting frame.

8 dwg

FIELD: transport engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention is designed for converting standard bicycle into tricycle by fastening car instead of front fork. Connecting device 3 of car 1 has upper and lower parts with axle tilter relative to bicycle frame 8 to provide tilting of bicycle frame 8 to side of cornering. Connecting device 3 consists of upper and lower brackets on car 1. Plate fastened to frame 8 through hole for passing front fork of bicycle is hinge-connected with upper bracket of connecting device 3. Tube consisting of two parts connected by two cover plates enclosing tilted tube of bicycle frame 8 is hinge-connected with lower bracket. Tube is secured in its rear part by two cover plates in unit of under-saddle intersection of tubes of bicycle frame 8. Wheels of car are mounted on cantilever axle. Synchronous operation of caliper brakes of car wheels is provided by tensioning of cable, common for two brakes, and passing along steering tube of car skeleton. When brakes are used as parking brakes, cable is tensioned and put on hooks on said tube. Sides of car are made of gauze. Hinged front board can be fixed in horizontal position. Car is provided with seat for passengers, which can be used as tent for covering loads, or as sail.

EFFECT: increased load carrying capacity of car, possibility of use with any bicycle without its modification.

4 cl, 17 dwg

FIELD: cargo velomobiles.

SUBSTANCE: proposed four-wheel velomobile has frame (1) with treadle drive (5) made in form of angle framework whose height does exceed wheel diameter; cargo compartments, driver's seat and mounting seat for auxiliary engine (2) are formed by means of longitudinal and transversal angle-pieces; brackets for spring-loaded wheels are mounted on the outside. Kinematic joints of handle-bar drive, steering linkage and rear axle suspension are made in form of forks, inserts with perpendicular holes, axles and rods ensuring compact joint of movable perpendicular rotary and screw pairs. Auxiliary clutch for engagement of auxiliary engine is made in form of bush and holder; holder has recesses and bush is provided with three pairs swivel spring-loaded pawls inclined to opposite sides; drive for engagement of bush and holder is made in form of taper bush mounted coaxially in bush and in holder, as well as balls radially movable relative to bush for action on pawls.

EFFECT: light weight of cargo-hoisting frame.

8 dwg

Balanzbike // 2410279

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: proposed balanzbike comprises frame whereon mounted are rear drive wheels 8 and front turning wheels 9, chain transmissions with pedals 19, seat 23, and handle bar 12 coupled with front turning wheels 9. Frame consists of two vertical frames 1 jointed together by transverse beam 5 to turn relative to each other and to front beam 2 and rear spring tie axle 3. Rear drive wheels are fitted on drive semi-axles 7. Front drive wheels 9 run in sleeves of torsion bar 4 arranged to rotate inside front beam 2. Vertical frames 1, at bike front, are arranged with toe-in angle of 5-6 to the frame longitudinal axis. Steering trapezoid tie rod 10 is arranged ahead of front turning wheels 9 provided with brakes 16. Steering tube 13 is articulated relative to the frame and provided with tension fork 17 interacting with braking drive.

EFFECT: higher reliability.

5 cl, 1 dwg

Landrover // 2468957

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to automotive industry, particularly, to arrangement of four-wheeler kingpin. Sum of lengths of suspension left and right lower levers 170 defines combined length of levers 170. Front wheel base is defined between vertical central axes 197 of wheels. Relationship between combined length of levers 170 and front wheel base approximates to 0.84. Note here that every control lever is deflected from vertical through less than about 30 degrees. Axle 195 of pin with ball head of every front wheel is shifted 199 from front wheel axle 197 through less than 30 mm if measured along rotational axis 191. Rotary joints 194, 196 are located in wheel crosswise direction and directed outward from central line 197 in direction from transport facility lengthwise axis through 48 mm.

EFFECT: better performances.

16 cl, 40 dwg

Transport facility // 2478056

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to single-axle vehicles with steering device driving both wheels. Wheel chassis consists of two wheels 1 with rims 2 with hubs and treads 3. Wheels 1 are provided with individual drive. Pairs of axles 5, 6 are articulated by levers 4 to make antiparallel link mechanism inside appropriate rims 2 for steering purposes. Balancer is mounted on wheel axles 12. Driver seat 9 is arranged at one end of said balancer and gyro counterweight (not shown) is arranged at opposite end. Balancer is composed of two three-rod linkages 7 coupled by levers 4 to make antiparallel link mechanism. Linkage 7 has two rods 8 articulated with axles 5, 6 and third telescopic lever 10 articulated with assembly 11 composed of four joints to allow free revolution of near ends of axles 12. In straight movement, wheels 1 run parallel. In turns, wheels 1 run at angle to each other.

EFFECT: better cornering ability.

2 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: transport engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to foot drive of electric transmission. Proposed small-size vehicle for individual use has base 1 with two driving wheels 3 connected through belts 29 of variable-speed drive with two electric motors 27 supplied by battery 8 and/or generators 11 with possibility of recuperation. Base 1 is hinge-connected with one- or two-axle bogie 4 with two generators 11. Generator armatures are rotated by pedals 14 provided with spiral rods 17 with pull-back springs 17 or equipped with levers and gears for rotating the armature.

EFFECT: increased distance covered without charging.

12 cl, 5 dwg

Up!