Method for enhancing of bird's vitality

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: method involves pre-incubation treatment of incubation eggs, developing embryos on 6-th, 12-th and 18-th days by exposing eggs, embryos to light of helium-neon laser, gas-discharge lamp, mercury-quartz lamp for exposure time of 3 min. Pre-incubation treatment of eggs, developing embryos on 6-th, 12-th and 18-th days and of day-age chicken was combined with disinfection at all sides under the same conditions provided by means of two bactericidal lamps having nominal power of 15 W and by means of three lamps having nominal power on egg surface of 30 W, wavelength of 254/800 nanometer with exposure time of 3 min.

EFFECT: enhanced vitality and increased productivity of birds.

2 dwg, 3 tbl

 

The invention relates to poultry and can be used to improve the safety and productivity of birds.

The known method of increasing the viability of Chicks by preincubation handling eggs radiation four helium-neon lasers JCC 12 a wavelength of 632.8 nm, output power of 15 mW/cm2at which stimulates the growth, development and viability of offspring (Petrov E.B. Application rays helium-neon laser for the stimulation of embryogenesis chickens and enhance the livability of Chicks. Abstract. Diss...Kida. C.-H. N., M.: MBA, 1982. - 20 C.)

Known method of promoting post-embryonic development in poultry by preincubating irradiation of eggs by the light of a helium-neon laser LGN-104, a gas discharge lamp DMESG-500, mercury-quartz lamp CES-400 exposures over 3 min (Mamakaev mathematical SCIENCES. Physiological performance, hatchability and viability of broiler chickens when laser light activation eggs. Abstract. Diss...candb, Borovsk, 1988. - 18 C.).

The disadvantages of the known methods are low viability and productivity of broilers, processing eggs just before laying them for incubation and lack of disinfection of embryos of radiant energy.

The purpose of the invention improve the viability and productivity of birds.

This goal is achieved by Thu the hatching eggs-analogues before laying to incubation, embryos at 6, 12, 18 development day and hatched Chicks consistently warm light discharge lamp DMESG-500 wavelength 630-650 nm, the average dose on the surface of eggs 23.1 erg, is irradiated with helium-neon laser LGN-104 wavelength 632, 8 nm, power density of the optical flow on the surface of eggs 20 mayor/h and simultaneously treated on all sides with two germicidal lamps PDR-15 wavelength 254/800 nm, with a nominal power of 15 W and three bactericidal lamps PDR-30 wavelength 254/800 nm, rated power on the surface of eggs 30 W in expositions in 3 minutes

Irradiation of hatching eggs was performed in the experimental setup (see Figure 1), which is a metal frame (1), which strengthened helium - neon laser LGN - 104 (2), the stabilizer of the laser (3), the motor scanning device (4), the scanning device (5), gas discharge lamp DMESG-500 (6), the UV lamp CES-400 (7), the power supply of the lamp CES-400 (8), ultraviolet lamp PDR-15 (9), the gear (11), the motor reducer (10), a device for establishing trays with eggs (12), transporting gear (14), the control unit (15), the starter KMZ-2 (19), high-voltage transformer (18), a germicidal lamp PDR-30 (21), throttle lamp PDR-30 (22).

The operation of the installation. Using the remote control (figure 2) is energized the and the stabilizer (3), toggle switches which enables helium - neon laser LGN-104, the "light" button turns on the discharge lamp DMESG-500. The toggle TV-1 is activated bactericidal lamps PDR-30, TV-2 - UV lamp CES-400, TV-3 - bactericidal lamps PDR-15. After 5 minutes switch TV-4 turns on the motor of the scanning device (5) and installation for laser light treatment and disinfection of eggs ready for use.

Trays hatching eggs (13) or boxes of Chicks (20) are placed on the stand (12). Click KMZ-2 turns on the motor transporting device (10), the trays are served by the chain conveyor (14) and moving the camera illumination (17), with smooth transition is first heated gas discharge lamp DMESG-500 (6) and disinfected from all sides bactericidal lamps PDR-30 (21), then exposed to radiation of helium-neon laser LGN-104 (2), UV lamp CES-400 (7) and bactericidal lamps PDR-15 (9), after which issued on supports for the trays (12) on the opposite side of the control panel.

Exposure time exposure of hatching eggs and day-old Chicks is controlled by switch KMZ-2.

Selected on the principle of analogues of hatching eggs were divided into 6 groups of 144 eggs, of which 1 group passed through the pipeline off of the light source and uila control, 2 group were treated with radiation of a helium-neon laser LGN-104 in exposure 3 min, 3-light discharge lamp DMESG-500 in exposure 5 min, 4-UV mercury-quartz lamp CES-400 in exposure 3 min, 5-three bactericidal lamps PDR-30 on all sides for 3 min, 6 the first group were subjected to one-time heating light lamp DMESG-500 and disinfection bactericidal lamps PDR-30 on all sides, then slowly translated under the irradiation of helium-neon laser LGN-104 through a scanning ten mirror planes device rotated by an electric motor with a speed of 1400 revolutions per minute, after which the tray with eggs were transferred to the camera for exposure of mercury-quartz lamp CES - 400 and two germicidal lamps PDR-15.

In the same sequence, in the same exposures processed in developing embryos at the age of 6, 12, 18 days.

Analysis of the safety of broilers obtained from eggs treated with radiant energy before laying to incubation, developing embryos at 6, 12, and 18 days of incubation and day-old Chicks within 12 hours after the conclusion shows (table 1)that in the process of postnatal ontogenesis of the viability of the experimental groups was higher than in the control group.

In 2-week old broilers higher safety group, obtained in the processing of eggs, embryos and daily the chick with light helium-neon laser, was higher relative to the control - 2,33% (P<0.01), and bactericidal lamps - by 2.54% (P<0.05), and when combined processing of used light sources - 4,87% (P<0,01).

Table 1

The safety of broilers at radiant exposure, n=100, a goal.
GroupThe age of the birds, days
14284256
1-counter.94,4±1,7192,0±1,6090,2±1,7189,0±1,71
2-experienced staff green product guarantee96,6±1,5595,4±1,5695,0±1,8994,8±1,84
3-experienced staff green product guarantee96,2±1,8994,6±1,5893,4±1,8992,6±1,44
4-experienced staff green product guarantee97,0±1,7495,0±1,8793,8±1,4593,6±1,55
5-experienced staff green product guarantee96,8±1,9194,8±1,4093,8±1,8492,8±1,71
6-experienced staff green product guarantee99,0±1,4098,0±1,6097,4±1,9597,2±1,84

Preservation of chickens 4 weeks of age to the level of the control group were under irradiation C is Rodica light helium-neon laser 103,70% (P<0.05), and gas-discharge lamps - 102, 83% (P>0,05), mercury-quartz lamp 103, 26% (P>0,05), bactericidal lamps - 103, 04% (P<0.05) and integrated impact - 106, 52% (P&>05).

At 6 weeks of age the safety of broilers obtained from eggs, embryos and Chicks treated comprehensively, compared with the control group consisted of 107, 98% (P<0,01) helium-neon laser - 105,32%, gas-discharge lamp 103, 99%, mercury-quartz and bactericidal lamps - from 103.55%, and the absolute increase of the index was higher when exposed to light of a helium - neon laser by 4.8% (P<0.01), and the discharge lamp to 3.2% (P<0,05), mercury-quartz lamp p>0,05, bactericidal lamps - 4, 00% (P<0.05), and the combined effect - 7, 2% (P<0,01).

By the end of the cultivation (8 weeks) contrast performance security is manifested more clearly in the experimental groups compared with the control was higher on Android 4.04-of 9.21%, and in group complex processing sources of red and ultra-violet light it amounted to 9.2% (P<0,001), effects of helium-neon laser of 6.52% (P<0.01), and mercury-quartz lamps-5, 17% (P<0,05), bactericidal lamps - 4, 27% (P>0.05) and discharge lamp - 4,04% (P<0,05). Differences preservation broilers group complex processing poultry and other experimental groups were not the limit of reliability.

The results of studies on the dynamics of growth of broilers show is, the impacts on the bird before incubation, the incubation process and day-old Chicks radiant energy causes a certain response in the growth of broilers in the postnatal ontogeny (table 2, 3).

Average daily body weight gains of the control group of broiler was from 2 to 4 weeks for a 4.86 g, 4 to 6 weeks - 7,58; from 6 to 8 weeks - 7,51,

Table 2

Dynamics of the average daily liveweight gain of broilers at radiant exposure, n=100, g
GroupThe age of the birds, days
14284256
1-counter.13,69±0,1318,55±0,1726,13±0,1333,64±0,17
2-experienced.15,19±0,1422,17±0,1629,19±0,1436,28±0,30
3-experienced.14,82±0,1720,44±0,1827,06±0,1934,65±0,14
4-experienced.15,05±0,1621,98±0,2028,69±0,1736,14±0,19
5-experienced.14,63±0,1421,87±0,1627,7|±0,2134,57±0,26
6-pit. 16,87±0,1923,30±0,1830,73±0,2137,92±0,17

Compared with average daily liveweight gain of the control group the increase in live weight of broilers obtained from eggs, embryos and day-old Chicks processed laser red light, amounted to 110, 96% at 2 weeks of age 119, 51%, 111, 71 and 107, 85%, respectively, in 4-, 6-, 8-week old birds with a high degree of accuracy. When processing monochromatic red light discharge lamps average daily liveweight gain exceeded the parameters of the control group on 8, 25%; 10, 19%; 3, 56 and 3, 00%, respectively, in 2-; 4-; 6 - and 8-week old chickens.

The use of ultraviolet light of different sources for preincubation, incubation treatment of embryos and Chicks caused ratnasamy effect on average daily liveweight gain of broilers. If the difference in the studied parameter control in 2-week-old broilers during use of mercury-quartz lamp amounted to 9.93% (P<0,001), bactericidal lamps 6,87% (P<0.05), and in 4 - and 6-weeks of age were equal and amounted to be 18.49 and 17,90%, respectively, by the end of cultivation (56 days) energy growth of broilers obtained with the application technology of UV mercury-quartz lamp, was higher and amounted 7,43% (P<0,001) against was 2.76% (is< 0.01) in the group of processing poultry bactericidal lamps.

Dynamics of the average daily liveweight gain of broilers hatched from eggs treated comprehensively optimal doses of radiation from a helium - neon laser, discharge, mercury-quartz and bactericidal lamps was highest in 2-, 4-, 6-, and 8-week-old broilers and amounted to relatively control +3,18 g; + 4,75; + 4,60 and + 4,28 g (P<0,001). Similar figures in the group use a helium-neon laser were + 1.68 g; + 1,13; + 1,54 and + 1.64 g; a discharge lamp + 2,05; + 2,86; + 3,76; +3,27 g; mercury-quartz lamp + 1,82 g; + 1,32; +2,04 and +1.78 g and bactericidal lamps + 2.24 g; +1,43; +3,02 and at 3.35 g with high confidence (P<0,001).

The dynamics of the live weight of broiler chickens at radiant impacts positively correlates with indicators of the average daily liveweight gain.

The live weight of 2-week-old broilers in the control group amounted to 231, 04 g in the group of broilers hatched from eggs, embryos and Chicks treated with helium-neon laser was greater than 9, 89% (P<0,001), the discharge lamp 7, 36 % (P<0,001), mercury-quartz lamp 9, 02% (P<0.01), and bactericidal lamps on 6, 15% (P<0.05) and when a complex application 20, and 28% (P<0,001), respectively, at 4 weeks of age-568, 78 g; 16,39%; 7,76; 15,44; 14,77 and 22,03% (P<0,05-0,001), in 6-week - 1136,68 g; 11,28%; 3,61; 9,63; 5,94 and 17,22% (P<0.05) and in the end in the advancing - 1923,22 g; 7,78%; 3,31; 7,37; was 2.76 and 12,58% (P<0,01-0,001).

Table 3

The dynamics of the live weight of broiler chickens at radiant exposure, n=100, g
GroupThe age of the birds, days
114284256
1 cont39,38±0,42231,04±1,03568,78±5,181136,68±6,241923,22±7,14
2-experienced.41,24±0,40253,90±2,07662,00±4,731264,95±,852072,92±4.26 deaths
3-experienced.40,57±0,42248,05±2,59612,89±4,171177,76±4,671986,97±5,16
4-experienced.41,19±0,52251,89±2,48656,63±4,721246,17±5,752065,03±678
5-experienced.40,43±0,73245,25±1,65652,79±4,141204,25±4,921976,35±5,24
6-obygn41,71±0,54277,89±1,60694,11±5,161332,37±4,392165,23±5,94

Thus, the result is you average daily liveweight gain and live weight of broilers with the complex use of radiant energy for processing eggs before incubation, developing embryos at 6, 12, 18 day and day-old Chicks has a positive impact on the growth of broiler chickens. Increases average daily gain in live weight on 4,28 g live weight broilers - at 242,

The method of increasing the viability of birds, including preincubation processing of hatching eggs, developing embryos at 6, 12 and 18 day light helium-neon laser LGN - 104, a gas discharge lamp DMESG - 500, mercury-quartz lamp CES - 400 exposures for 3 min, characterized in that preincubation processing of eggs, developing embryos at 6, 12 and 18 days and day-old Chicks in the same mode combined with disinfection on all sides by the light of two germicidal lamps PDR - 15 rated power of 15 W and three - PDR - 30 rated power on the surface of eggs 30 W, wavelength 254/800 nm exposures in 3 minutes



 

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