Device for electrostatic treatment of liquid fuel

FIELD: automotive industry.

SUBSTANCE: device comprises housing, internal chamber with settling space, inlet and outlet passages, and negative and positive electrodes with needle-shaped members connected with the high-voltage power source through the control unit. The device additionally has electrostatic three-dimensional electrode made of hydrocarbon fiber that fills the internal chamber and extracting three-dimensional electrode made of a hydrocarbon fiber sorbite mounted in the bottom section of the settling space. The electrodes are connected with a high-voltage power source through the control unit. The output passage is provided with fuel distributor in the bottom section of the three-dimensional electrode, and the output passage is provided with the fuel intake mounted in the top section of the three-dimensional electrode.

EFFECT: enhanced reliability and prolonged service life of engine.

1 dwg

 

The invention relates to the field of fuel equipment of vehicles, in particular to a device for electrostatic treatment of fuel, increasing its physico-chemical parameters.

A device for electrostatic treatment of liquid fuel (RF patent No. 2107181, F 02 M 27/04, 1998), comprising a housing, an inner chamber, the input and output channels, the negative and positive electrodes with needle-like elements, vozduhoprovodyaschih nozzles, the compensation unit static electricity, high voltage energy source in the form of a driven shaft from the engine self-excited electrostatic generator, stator, rotor with an air vane wheel, settling cavity, an electrically conductive casing, the fuel pump, the control unit has two amplifier, noninverting inputs of which are connected with the first input of the control unit, the inverting input a second amplifier connected to the second input of the control unit, the inverting input of the first amplifier is connected to the third input of the control unit, and the output of the first amplifier is connected to the first output control unit, the output of the second amplifier is connected to a second output control unit, and the output of the first amplifier is connected to its inverting input by a feedback circuit including a first potentiometer with scale deposition is italinate electrostatic generator, the output of the second amplifier is connected to its inverting input by a feedback circuit including a second potentiometer with scale performance fuel pump.

The known device requires frequent replacement replacement filters with needle-like elements that creates additional maintenance costs, limit time of continuous operation of the engine.

The named device is not sufficiently large area of needle-like elements on the electrodes for full interaction with all fractions of impurities in the fuel and with the molecules of the fuel to fully electrostatic treatment that reduces the effectiveness of fuel treatment.

This device does not provide a complete separation of the fuel and sludge condensate in the settling cavity and reliable retention of contaminants to maintenance, which reduces the effectiveness of fuel treatment and the reliability of the device.

The specified device contains moving parts, which during operation of the device excessively worn out, which creates maintenance costs, limits the reliability and continuous operation of the internal combustion engine.

The technical result is to increase the reliability of the service life of the device and improving the efficiency about what abode fuel while reducing maintenance costs.

The technical result is achieved in that in a device for electrostatic treatment of liquid fuel, comprising a housing, an inner chamber with a settling cavity, the input and output channels, the negative and positive electrodes with needle-like elements connected to the high voltage power source via the control unit, inputs of electrostatic bulk electrode of carbon fiber, which fills the internal chamber and exhaust volumetric electrode of a carbon fibrous sorbitol (UVS), which is located in the lower part of the settling cavity and the needle-like elements of respectively positive and negative electrode connected to the high voltage power source via the control unit, and the input channel is equipped with a fuel distributor in the lower part of the volume of the electrode, and the output channel is equipped with a fuel intake in the upper part of the volume of the electrode.

The hallmark of the prototype is that the device is further provided with electrostatic bulk electrode of a carbon felt, which fills the internal chamber, and exhaust surround electrode of a carbon fibrous sorbent, which is located in the lower part of the settling cavity and the needle-like elements of respectively positive and neg is a high electrode, connected to the high voltage power source via the control unit, and the input channel is equipped with a fuel distributor in the lower part of the volume of the electrode, and the output channel is equipped with a fuel intake in the upper part of the volume of the electrode.

Electrostatic bulk electrode of a carbon felt, which fills the internal chamber and needle-like element connected to the secondary electrode of the high voltage power source via the control unit provides a large area of interaction with all fractions of impurities in the fuel and the molecules of the fuel to fully electrostatic treatment without replacing the bulk of the electrode, which increases the processing efficiency of the fuel and the reliability of the device, reduces the cost of maintenance.

The use of exhaust volume of the electrode from the carbon fibrous sorbitol (UVS), which is located in the lower part of the settling cavity and the needle-like element is connected to the negative electrode of the high voltage energy source, provides a large area of interaction with all factions of contamination, complete separation of the fuel and sludge condensate in the settling cavity and reliable retention of contaminants to maintenance, without replacing the surround electrode that p is increases the processing efficiency of the fuel, the reliability of the device and its service life while reducing maintenance costs.

The application of input channel is equipped with a fuel distributor in the lower part of the electrostatic bulk electrode, and an output channel, provided with a fuel intake in the upper part of the electrostatic volume of the electrode, provides a large area of interaction between the fuel and all fractions of impurities from the bulk electrode, a complete separation of the fuel and sludge condensate in the settling cavity by the action of the Coulomb force and effect of Flight-electroosmosis between fibrous and porous electrodes, which increases the processing efficiency of the fuel, the reliability and the service life of the device while reducing maintenance costs.

The drawing shows a schematic diagram of an apparatus for electrostatic treatment of liquid fuel.

The device consists of a housing 1 with an internal chamber 2 with the settling cavity 3, input 4 and output 5 channels. In the settling cavity 3 at the bottom of a negative electrode 6 with needle-like elements, and in the inner chamber 2 has a positive electrode 7 with the needle-like elements connected to the high voltage energy source, such as an ignition coil, through the control unit 8.

The internal chamber 2 completely fills electrostat the ical surround the electrode 9 made of carbon fiber, and in the lower part of the settling cavity 3 is made exhaust surround the electrode 10 made of carbon fiber sorbitol (UVS). Needle-like elements of the negative electrode 6 is connected to the bulk electrode 10 to the negative pole of the high voltage energy source on the vehicle weight. Needle-like elements of the positive electrode 7 is connected with the electrostatic surround electrode 9 with the positive pole of the high voltage power source via the control unit 8.

The control unit 8 includes a limiting current resistor 11, is installed between the high voltage terminal 12 of the ignition coil and the terminal 13 of the positive electrode 7. In the control unit 8 is installed neon lamp 14 with the potentiometer 15 connected to the terminal 16 of the pollution level. Input channel 4 is equipped with a fuel dispenser 18, made in the form of a perforated tube in the lower part of the bulk electrode 9, and the output channel 5 provided with a fuel intake 19 in the form of a perforated tube in the upper part of the bulk electrode 9.

Inside the housing 1, the terminal 16 of the level of pollution is connected with the conductive ring 20 in the upper part of the settling cavity 3.

The device operates as follows. Dirty fuel through the inlet channel 4 is fed into the housing 1 and uniformly fills the settling cavity 3 and the internal chamber 2 through the valve is opleve 18. Moreover, all types of pollution fuel interact with the developed surface of the electrostatic surround electrode 9 made of carbon fiber and receive a positive charge from the high voltage terminal 12 of the ignition coil through the resistor 11 and the electrode 7 with the needle-like elements.

Under the action of gravitational forces, Coulomb forces and the effect of Flight-electroosmosis positively charged particles of dirt mixed up from the inner chamber 2 in the settling cavity 3 exhaust surround the electrode 10 made of carbon fiber sorbitol (UVS). Since the electrode 10 has a negative potential (vehicle weight), which is securely transmitted to him in a needle-like electrode elements 6, all particles of dirt and water are introduced into the structure of the gas volume of the electrode 10 and are securely held therein when exposed to alternating accelerations and vibrations when the vehicle is moving, to maintenance.

Clean fuel under the action of the fuel pump moves up the casing 1 and through the perforations of the tube 19 of the fuel intake stands out from the bulk of the electrode 9 to the output channel 5. Because carbon fiber surround electrode 9 is quite loose, it does not create a dynamic resistance to fuel and pollution of all kinds of impurities present in the fuel. But because the developed surface is rnost bulk electrode 9 has a large area of interaction with the impurities of the fuel, there is a deep cleaning of fuel from all contaminants and high electrostatic fuel processing.

When full the pollution of the internal structure of the gas volume of the exhaust electrode 10, pollution and water appear at the top of the electrode 10 and create on the inner surface of the settling cavity 3 conductive film between the electrode 10 and the conductive ring 20 level of contamination. Therefore, depending on the set threshold on the scale 17 pollution is included neon lamp 14 maintenance.

Maintenance is limited to removal from the settling cavity 3 of the pollution and the replacement or regeneration of bulk electrode 10, for example, by heat treatment, which reduces the cost of funds for maintenance.

Device for electrostatic treatment of liquid fuel, comprising a housing, an inner chamber with a settling cavity, the input and output channels, the negative and positive electrodes with needle-like elements connected to the high voltage power source through a control unit, characterized in that it additionally introduced electrostatic bulk electrode of carbon fiber, which fills the internal chamber, and an exhaust volumetric electrode of a carbon fibrous sorbitol, which is located in the lower part of the settling cavity, and needle-like elements of respectively positive and negative electrode connected to the high voltage power source via the control unit, the input channel is equipped with a fuel distributor in the lower part of the volume of the electrode, and the output channel is equipped with a fuel intake in the upper part of the volume of the electrode.



 

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