Wooden building of profiled beams

FIELD: building, particularly wooden structures of profiled beams.

SUBSTANCE: wooden building comprises double-length beam of square cross-section. The beam comprises installation slots formed in each beam side and mating member, which provides connection of the same beam lengths to previous one. The mating member is formed as board with support projections on one board side. The projections define trapezes in cross-sections, which provide plane and inclined surfaces alternating during serial beam stacking. Mating member having greater length is laid on beam with lesser length and corresponding beam width having corner and other connections. Next beam is laid on mating member having the same length.

EFFECT: increased reliability of beam tightness and junction with each other in corner and other connection areas without transversal member forming at beam ends.

2 cl, 4 dwg

 

The invention relates to the construction industry and wood processing industry, in particular the production of buildings for various purposes of profiled bar.

Famous band building of profiled beams, for example beams (RF patent 2239028 7, E 04 1/10 dated 05.03.2003 year), has a cross-sectional trapezoidal profiles.

The disadvantages of timber can be attributed to the complexity of manufacturing, Assembly, and a limited number of variants of the methods of construction of various purpose of the buildings from the processing of a transverse profile with the required accuracy by ensuring congruence dock angular pair of long bars.

As a prototype of the selected way of the walls of prefabricated timber or beam homes and team wall (RF patent 2044842 6, E 04 2/00, E 04 2/12 from 27.09.1995.), consisting in the performance of timber or logs of two lengths, stacked on each other alternately, drilling holes in them and the tightening screw connections.

However, this method does not provide a stable sealing walls and angular coupling due to the need for periodic calibration tightening nuts threaded connections during operation of the structure.

Thus, the problem to be solved by the claimed invention is directed, is to provide plotno is tight and secure fit nagalim connecting the bars together when forming proobrazuya and other mates without making at the ends of the bars a special transversal profiles, forming at joining the "castle".

This task is achieved by the fact that, having in cross section a trapezoidal profile, the boards are supplied with the element of interface Board with a trapezoidal cross-sectional profile on the side, which placed greater length on shorter length and the width of the mating beams, and beam - element pair of similar length.

Comparative analysis of the prototype shows that the claimed technical solution with one side of the installation grooves each beam is supplied with element mates with the support tabs of a similar profile based on inclined surfaces when installing each other, connected at the mounting dense nagalim connection.

Thus, the claimed structure of the profiled beam meets the criterion of "novelty."

A comparison of the proposed structure with other technical solutions and methods of erection of wooden buildings shows that the production of timber with a trapezoidal cross-sectional profile and different ways of construction of his building designs are widely known, but the presence of additional constructive input element pair in the total relationship of the known elements create the effect of quantitative and qualitative fabrication, and erection of slim is the first of a long profiled bars of different lengths, alternately stacked on each other, it is not known that in combination with the square of the execution of the beam with the alignment grooves, and the element of interface Board support protrusions confirms a new property, namely factory workmanship and ability of fast erection of the structure with the tight fit of the bars to each other and secure the coupler nagalim connection in proobrazuya and other mates without manufacturing on the edge of the beam profile of the transverse elements.

This allows to make a conclusion on compliance of the building of profiled bar the criterion of "substantial differences".

In the drawings shown:

figure 1 - schematic diagram of the construction of the angular mating walls of the house;

figure 2 - cross-section parts;

figure 3 - option, timber, made in the factory;

figure 4 - cross section a-a figure 3.

In the General case, the blanks are drying and processing in the drying and impregnation of wood. Free and bound moisture is extracted from the wood by repeated vacuum pulse vacuum. The formation of layers of timber and element pair produced on the machine for deep longitudinal single-pass milling the upper and lower tool spindles with tapered double cutters. BRU is 1 is a square of length L 1and L2with the same party, on two opposite sides of the running groove 2 for mounting the sealing element 3 and two trapezoidal installation groove 4. Square section allows you to simplify the processing element profiles, for example a screw with left and right thread to easily change the position of the knives machining tool, i.e. to adapt to a different value for the side of the square.

Each beam is supplied attached to it when the mounting structure through navalnogo 5 connection with the shift element 6 pair depending on the order of the crown of length L1and L2made in the form of a Board with two trapezoidal supporting protrusions 7 on one side with a correspondingly alternating resting on flat and inclined surfaces with consistent styling. This embodiment provides the simplicity and quality of the angular and the other mate. The beam 8 is performed for the lower crown of the rectangular cross section of width b and C of the groove 2.

One possible construction of the structure shown in figure 1. The finished bars 1, 8, and connected with them elements 6 pairing of two lengths are placed in alternating sequence, namely the element 6 with a length L2stack length L1and mating In width forming a gusset bars 1 or bars 8. PEFC is the alignment angle drill holes through the elements 6 mates and deaf in bars 1 and 8, and firmly planted in them Nagila 5, locking position and vzaimosvyazany bars 1 or 8 to each other as they joined together. The second row of bars 1 are placed on the elements 6 with the coincidence of their lengths, placing the installation grooves 4 on the inclined side surfaces of the support protrusions 7. The build process is repeated until the formation of the upper crown of the wall. Then fit the ceiling and is covered by any known means.

In the case of the erection of the structure of the beam shown in figure 3, are prepared by item 6 in the factory or at a specially designated area, the process is carried out on the above technologies.

Thus, the factory as part of the structure in combination with the above method for rapid building of profiled bar 1 provides a snug fit and secure the coupler nagalim 5 connection proobrazuya and other mates.

1. The wooden structure of the beams of two lengths, stacked on each other alternately, drilling holes in them and commit nagalim connection, and the boards of the one length shorter than the bars of a different size, at least their width, respectively, wherein each beam of square section with alignment notches on one side provided with an attachable thereto during Assembly of the structure element pair analogues of the different lengths, made in the form of a Board with supporting ledges on one side, has a cross-sectional trapezoidal profiles respectively alternating resting on flat and inclined surfaces with consistent styling, and the element pair of greater length are placed on the smaller length and matched the width of the bars forming the corner or other compounds, and timber is laid on the item pair of similar length.

2. The structure according to claim 1, characterized in that it includes at least one located in the longitudinal groove timber sealing element.



 

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