Covering for protecting plants against pests

FIELD: agriculture, pest control.

SUBSTANCE: the suggested covering for pest control is made of polymeric material and includes, at least, two layers: the upper layer and the lower one, moreover, the lower layer contains a herbicide and one or more pesticides chosen out of the group pf fungicides and insecticides, as for the upper layer, it contains insecticide and/or fungicides not obligatory. The method deals with applying the above-mentioned covering upon the ground and making incisions in the sites for further planting the seedlings. Polymeric composition contains a herbicide to obtain polymeric covering. The innovation enables to provide high-efficient protection and safety of plants.

EFFECT: higher efficiency of plant protection.

28 cl, 3 dwg, 5 ex, 4 tbl

 

The scope of the invention

The present invention relates to the field of pest control. In particular, this invention relates to a new coating of polymeric material and its use for pest control in agriculture, horticulture and Park farm.

Prior art

Pest control - an extensive area of agriculture, which use a wide variety of methods, equipment and structures. It is known in the art, the use of polymer coatings containing herbicides for weed control. In the description of U.S. patent No. 5181952 disclosed herbicidetolerant geotextile material, which is used to prevent the establishment of weeds in the soil. This geotextile can be laid into the soil to create a barrier that does not allow you to shoot through it into the soil the roots of weeds, which, in turn, helps to protect the soil outside of the barrier from the germination of weeds and subsequent contamination of soil as a result of such establishment. The herbicide is distributed into the soil through the geotextile material in various forms. In the description of U.S. patent No. 5575112, disclosed material, similar to that described in U.S. patent No. 5181952 and its use to combat the root germination of weeds. This material is ial group contains as a herbicide inorganic compound of copper. In U.S. patent No. 5139566, firms Reemay Inc., disclosed geotextile material and its use for a similar purpose, which is described in the above publications. These geotextiles are described in the known technical solutions cannot be used in agriculture as antihermitian coatings for protection of the field occupied by grains. Method of receipt of the herbicide through the coatings described in the known technical solutions are not suitable for the specified use in agriculture. When using these coatings crop is usually exposed to the harmful effects of the herbicide, which inevitably leads to damage and subsequent drying of plants.

Other methods of pest control include pre-treatment soil bromide the stands. Methyl bromide is a highly effective, however, causing heated debates agent. I believe that he has a deleterious effect on the environment, and thus most likely to ban its use in the future.

In addition, there are some cultures that have a high sensitivity to the effects of herbicides. For example, pumpkin crops such as zucchini, cucumbers, melons, watermelons, pumpkins and the like, are very sensitive to the effects of herbicides. So the m way the only way to remove weeds from the field, employed pumpkin crops, is a mechanical method.

In view of the above there is an urgent need to provide a method and means for pest control, which would not have the aforementioned disadvantages. Currently there is also an urgent need to create a coating for pest control, which can be effectively and safely used for agricultural purposes.

Thus, the aim of the present invention is to provide coverage for pest control, which may find use in agriculture.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a method for pest control, which would provide highly effective protection of plants from pests and was safe for cultivated plants and crops.

A further purpose of the present invention is to provide a composition for obtaining coverage for pest control.

The next objective of the present invention is to provide a coating and method of pest control that are devoid of the disadvantages of the known technical solutions.

Other objectives of the invention are evident from the following detailed description of the invention.

The term of the coverage I have is synonymous with the film.

A brief statement of the substance of the invention

The present invention provides coverage for combating pests, characterized in that it is made of polymer material and contains at least two layers - the top layer and the bottom layer (substrate). The bottom layer contains the herbicide and optionally a pesticide selected from the group of insecticides and fungicides. The top layer is a protective layer to prevent damage to the parts of plants pesticide contained in the lower layer, in contact with this layer. The top layer may optionally contain an insecticide to protect plants from insects and fungicide to protect plants from fungal infection. The said coating may also optionally contain additional(s) layer or layers, referred to hereinafter in the description as a protective intermediate layer, which functions as a barrier between the bottom layer and top layer.

In the scope of the present invention also proposes a method for pest control in agriculture, horticulture and Park farm, which consists in the fact that the soil layer is placed a coating of the present invention. Thus, the bottom layer prevents weeds and protects plants from pests living in the soil. The top layer protects the sensitive part of the plant when it is ntake with the bottom layer. When the top layer contains the insecticide and/or fungicide, this layer also provides protection of plants from insects.

In addition, the present invention provides compositions containing a polymer and pesticide referred to hereinafter in the description as "Royal mixture", suitable for polymer coatings, and in accordance with the invention, layers of the proposed coatings are formed from the specified masterbatches. Royal mixture can be made in the form of resin with entered into the pesticide or in the form of granules, which contain pesticide.

As used in this description of the invention, the term "pesticide" refers to herbicides, fungicides and insecticides.

Description of the drawings

Fig - view in the context of a specific case for cover.

Fig - view in terms of plots cultivated culture, which tested the method of the present invention.

Fig - schematic representation of technology for cover.

A detailed description of the preferred variant embodiment of the invention.

The present invention is illustrated in the following variants of the invention with reference to the accompanying drawings. The following description should not be construed as limiting, since the average person skilled in the art can play in practice the many embodiments of the invention.

All the number of components in the description of the invention are expressed in wt.%.

In accordance with one embodiment of the present invention offer the coating of the present invention is made of a polymeric material which is suitable for use as a soil covering. The specified polymeric material selected from the group consisting of homopolymers and copolymers of polyolefins selected from the group consisting of high-pressure polyethylene (LDPE), high density polyethylene (HDPE), polypropylene (PP), ethylene vinyl acetate (EVA), ethylenemethacrylic (EMA), their derivatives or mixtures. Specialists in the art it is obvious that within the framework of the present invention can be used with other polymeric materials. The proposed coating includes at least two layers of polymeric material. The bottom layer shown in Fig (1) contains from about 0.1% to 5% of the herbicide, and optionally from 0.1% to 5% of one or more other pesticides, and the upper layer shown in Fig (2)is a polymer film that protects parts of plants, such as leaves and shoots from contact with the lower layer. When a contact leaves or stems with herbicide in the lower layer is damaged plants that, in turn, can lead to drying plants. Top the second layer may contain optional fungicide or insecticide. The weed control is carried out in two ways: 1) weeds come out from the soil, begin to contact with the lower coating layer and the herbicide found in this layer, which leads to their destruction; 2) the herbicide slowly released from the lower layer and passes into the soil and, therefore, prevents weeds from the soil.

The rate of release of the pesticide from the coating is regulated so that by the end of the vegetation period the most part, and possibly all the amount of pesticide released from the coating. The rate of release of the pesticide from the coating can be adjusted by the number and type of release additives, used as filler and the type of polymer from which the floor will receive. These additives are given below in the description.

According to another variant of the invention, the lower layer contains from about 0, 1% to 5% of the herbicide and about from 0, 1 to 5% of the insecticide and/or fungicide. Thus, the bottom layer provides protection from weeds, exterminates insects living in the soil, which can be harmful to plants, protects and prevents fungal defeat. In accordance with this embodiment of the invention plant protection against insects is provided by the insecticide, which migrate from the lower layer into the soil and/or through the contact of the insect with the lower layer, where the insecticide.

In accordance with another embodiment of the invention the top layer contains from about 0.1 to 5% of the insecticide and/or fungicide. Thus, the method of controlling insects and disease is provided around the parts of the plant that are above the cover. Insects that come into contact with the insecticide, located in the upper layer of the die, and the fungicide provides antifungal protection.

According to the following variant of the invention, the proposed coating may also include an additional layer or layers of polymer film between the upper and lower layers. Protective intermediate layer is made of polymer material, which prevents the movement of the herbicide from the bottom layer to the top layer, and then into the plant. For example, this polymer film prevents any movement of the herbicide or its evaporation up and, therefore, creates a "sealing" effect. Protective middle layer may be made of polyamide, polyvinyl alcohol or any other polymer material that provides the specified sealing effect.

Herbicides suitable for use in the present invention are selected from the group consisting of, but without limiting their scope to:

Oxyfluorfen-2-chloro-α,α,α-Cryptor-p-is olil-3-ethoxy-4-nitrophenylacetic;

Trifuralin-α,α,α-Cryptor-2,6-dinitro-N,N-dipropyl-p-toluidine;

Benfluralin-N-butyl-N-ethyl-2,6-dinitro-4-(trifluoromethyl)benzolamide;

Isopropylene-4-isopropyl-2,6-dinitro-N,N-dipropylamine;

Oryzalin-3,5-dinitro-N4N4-dipropylacetamide;

Fluroxypyr-4-aminol-3,5-dichloro-6-fluoro-2-pyridyloxyacetic acid;

Ethylfuran-N-ethyl-α,α,α-Cryptor-N-(methylallyl)-2,6-dinitro-p-toluidine;

Pendimethalin-N-(1-ethylpropyl)-2,6-dinitro-3,4-xylidine;

Propleuron-N-(cyclopropylmethyl)-α,α,α-Cryptor-2,6-dinitro-N-propyl-p-toluidine;

Diuron-3-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)-N,N-dimethylation;

Imazethapyr-(RS)-5-ethyl-2-(4-isopropyl-4-methyl-5-oxo-2-imidazolin-2-yl)-nicotinic acid;

Imazaquin-(RS)-2-(4-isopropyl-4-methyl-5-oxo-2-imidazolin-2-yl)quinoline-3-carboxylic acid;

Glyphosate-N-(phosphonomethyl)aminouksusnoy acid;

Simazine-6-chloro-N,N'-diethyl-1,3,5-triazine-2,4-diamine;

Terbutryn-N-(1,1-dimethylethyl)-N'-ethyl-6-(methylthio)-1,3,5-triazine-2,4-diamine;

Metribuzin-4-amino-6-tert-butyl-3-methylthio-1,2,4-triazine-5(4H)-he /

herbicides based on sulfonylurea selected among compounds (common names) triasulfuron, chlorsulfuron, tribenuron and rimsulfuron.

Insecticides suitable for use in accordance with the present invention (indicated on the in accordance with their trivial names), choose from the following groups of insecticides, including, but not limited volume: organophosphate insecticides: chlorpyrifos and diazinon; neonicotinoids: Imidacloprid, acetamiprid, thiamethoxam; PYRETHROID insecticides: bifenthrin, lambda cigalotrin, tefluthrin and permethrin. Also suitable for use insecticides, such as spinosad, indoxacarb, fipronil insecticide from the group known as nematicides, such as cadusafos and fenamiphos.

Fungicides suitable for use in accordance with the present invention (listed below in accordance with their trivial names), select without size limitations from the group of fungicides, which are steroid demethylation inhibitors (SDI). This group SDI fungicides includes hexaconazole, myclobutanil, propiconazole, triadimenol, tebuconazole, penconazole. Other usable fungicides include prochloraz, metalaxyl, dimethomorph, having cymoxanil, propamocarb hydrochloride and fluazinam. The following fungicides suitable for use in conformity with the present invention are included in the group known as fungicides type strobilurin, such as AZOXYSTROBIN, Methylcrotonyl, Trifloxystrobin, Methemalbumin, Mucocillary, Pyraclostrobin, MA-20565 (Mitsubishi).

In accordance with predpochtitelnei the invention, the coating is made translucent, that allows warming of the soil due to the "greenhouse effect". This effect is created by the penetration of solar radiation through the coating, which is then reflected from the soil. Reflected radiation in the infrared region does not penetrate through the coating, and "captured" between the floor and the ground. This "trapped" radiation heats the ground, which is especially important in countries with cold climate for crops that are beginning to be planted in the cold weather.

The present invention also provides a method for pest control.

The method may be used in plant breeding and crop cultivation, horticulture and landscape management. In crop production, arable farming and horticulture specified method is used as follows. After mechanical preparation of the fields and soils under crops, such as plowing, fumigation of the soil and the installation of the irrigation system, the floor laid out on the cultivated area to cover the entire surface of the earth, and then the edges of the covering material is fixed on the ground [Fig (1)]. Then in the material, make incisions in the place of planting seedlings [Fig (2), (3)] so that the plant can be inserted through the aperture [Fig (4)] in the soil prepared for cultivation [Fig (5)]. When growing seedlings this way its roots are in the soil and the Fox the article above the upper coating layer, so they are not in contact with the lower layer. Thus, herbicide and insecticide, if it is used, the lower layer coating protects from weeds and optional insects by contact of weeds or insects from the lower layer or by slow release of pesticide into the soil, suppresses weeds and destroying insects living in the soil. When the coating contains a pesticide in the upper layer, the proposed method provides protection from pests in the above-ground layer in place of growing plants, which, in turn, may help to protect the harvest of fruits or vegetables. This method can also be used in the development of parks on the same methodology described above.

The method of the present invention has the following advantages.

1. The paving on the surface of the land to carry out planting, and only once. Therefore, there is no need to remove the floor, until the time of harvest.

2. The coating provides protection of plants from pests throughout the growing period without the need for repeated pesticide treatment during the whole period of cultivation.

3. The method offers a secure form of pesticide application. Pesticides slowly in svoboditsa directly into the ground or attached to the floor. Therefore, the risk of their harmful effects on people working in the field, the minimum, that is, in comparison with other methods the use of pesticides, which include transportation on the field and the mixing of toxic chemicals and their subsequent spray on the area treated. Spraying formed corrosive mist that can bring harm to a person's health, working in agriculture, and the environment.

4. The profile of release of the pesticide through the coating is such that by the end of the season, when the coating can be removed from the field, there is no or minimal trace amounts of pesticide that allows reuse of the specified polymer coating. This is an advantage for the environment.

5. For crops that are sensitive to herbicides, the present invention offers an effective substitute bromide to the stands, which supposedly harmful to the environment and is most often used in their cultivation.

6. The proposed coating also provides a greenhouse effect.

In accordance with the following embodiment of the present invention uterine mixture contains from about 5 to 30 wt.% pesticide, to obtain the lower layer coating specified uterine is mesh contains from about 5 to 30% of the herbicide and optionally from 5 to 30 wt.% and from 5 to 30 wt.% fungicide. In accordance with another possible embodiment of the present invention, the upper layer contains a fungicide and/or insecticide, to obtain an upper layer specified uterine mixture contains from 5 to 30% of the insecticide. Used hereinafter in the description, the term "premix" means Royal blend without the introduction of the pesticide.

According to a particular variant embodiment of the invention Royal blend is made in the form of polymer granules, which contain a pesticide. In accordance with a preferred embodiment of the invention the mother liquor mixture to obtain a lower layer (referred to hereinafter in the description as "Royal mixture for the bottom layer) is made of plastic granules containing from about 5 to 30% oxyfluorfen. In the following embodiment, the present invention uterine mixture contains from about 5 to 30% oxyfluorfen and from about 5 to 30% of the insecticide selected from the group consisting of diazinon, chlorpyrifos, and Imidacloprid. In accordance with the present invention uterine mixture to obtain the upper layer, in which the upper layer contains an insecticide, characterized by the fact that it is a uterine coating mixture contains from about 5 to 30% of the insecticide selected from the group consisting of diazinon, chlorpyrifos, and Imidacloprid. This uterine coating mixture can b shall be made in the form of polymer granules, where the insecticide is distributed for each granule.

Uterine mixture can be obtained directly during the manufacturing process of the coating by adding the required quantity of pesticide to the premix in the apparatus for obtaining the polymer film, which may be an extruder or any other apparatus for the production of polymeric coating material.

The proposed coating can also be obtained by applying a pesticide on the finished coating a polymeric material, which comprises upper and lower layers. In accordance with this method are the coating material disclosed in this invention.

Premix and masterbatches of the present invention may further include additives that are designed to provide the desired coating properties. In the group of additives that are well known in the art, are absorbers of ultraviolet radiation, anti-adhesive based fillers inert or crystalline silicates, additives reduce friction selected from the group consisting of amides, oleamide, stearamide and their proizvodnyh; sizing agents selected from polyolefin waxes, polyethylene and polypropylene waxes and metallic stearates; antioxidants. In addition, it is possible to use other additives that are known to the average Spa is ialist in this field of technology.

In all cases, the description of the invention, which refers to the herbicides, insecticides or fungicides are also mixtures thereof.

The following description of embodiments of the invention are given only as illustration, and should not be construed as limiting. The coating of the present invention can be obtained from the premix masterbatches for the lower or upper layer according to the method, which is well-known specialists in this field of technology as the method of co-extrusion blowing film. In accordance with this method fallopian mix for the bottom layer and the polymer resin is loaded into the extruder [Fig (1), then ekstragiruyut in terms of heating [Fig (2), (5)], while simultaneously loaded into another extruder fallopian mix and premix for the upper layer together with a polymer resin [Fig (3)] and ekstragiruyut in terms of heating [Fig (4), (6)]. The final percentage of pesticide in each layer can be brought to the desired by controlling the amount of resin added to each mixture. Both extruded mixture is then loaded into the apparatus for razuki film [Fig (11)], in which they inflate simultaneously on two films, each from a separate blower head. Royal mix or premix for the upper layer is also made with the formation of the container, referred to the alley in the description as the "outer shell", at the same time also inflate the fallopian mix for the bottom layer with the formation of a container that is contained within the specified "outer shell". Head through which out of these cylinders, positioned so that the internal blow head is located in the center of the outer head. The lower coating layer is formed through the inner cylinder [Fig (7)], and the top coating layer is formed through the outer head [Fig (8)]. The film, which is formed with the formation of patterns "tank-in-tank", pressed and then passed between rollers [Fig (9)] and roll in the formation of four paintings [Fig (10)]. This four-layer fabric is then cut and spread on glucoraphanin with the formation of two-layer coatings of the present invention. In the cutting and subsequent unfolding four-layer fabric, the inner two layers of the cloth forming the bottom layer of the coating of the present invention, and the outer two layers of this four-leaf form a top coating layer of the present invention.

The above technology is also suitable for coating with a greater number of layers than two layers. In this case, the joint extrusion is performed with a large number than two masterbatches and/or premixes. Accordingly, the coating with a protective intermediate layer may be the Holocene of this technology.

For the purposes of the present invention can use other methods of forming a polymeric coating materials known to specialists in this field of technology.

Although the method of the present invention may find wide application in the field of cultivation of crops and landscaping, it can be particularly effective when used for growing crops selected from the group Cucurbitaceae such as melon, zucchini varieties of zucchini, cucumber, watermelon, pumpkin; Solanaceae solanaceae such as tomato, pepper, eggplant, fruit trees and ornamental plants.

Examples

Example 1

The coating and method of the present invention was tested on the culture of watermelon. Experiments were performed using three different concentrations of herbicide in the lower layer. The results are presented in Table I.

Table I
Pesticide% PesticideDevelopmentProtection from weed
Oxyfluorfen0,5100100
Oxyfluorfen1100100
Oxyfluorfen2100100
* mA is.% pesticide in the lower coating layer;
- % the degree of development evaluation culture in comparison with healthy harvest on a scale of 0-100,100 means a healthy crop;
§ - % protection from weeds on the scale. 0-100, 100 means the total number of cases of suppression of weeds.

Example 2

Preparation of masterbatches for the bottom layer.

Below is a technique to obtain 100 kg of masterbatches. Get 25 kg of the composition additives by mixing agents that prevent friction, antioxidants and oil in a weight ratio of about 2:2:6. A mixture containing 67.5 kg ethylenevinylacetate resin, 10 kg anti-sticking agent Apace 10063 and 2.5 kg of the above-mentioned composition additives are loaded into the main feed opening of the extruder to receive the molten polymer mass. Each component has a separate continuous feeder, dosing by weight. 20 kg oxyfluorfen mixed with the polymer melt in the Central part of the extruder. The finished polymer melt is passed through a perforated disk with education lasertoner polymer filaments", which is gradually cooled, and then crushed and loaded into tabletiruemuju machine/granulator.

Although illustrated and described above, embodiments of the image is the shadow, it is obvious that the invention can be implemented with various modifications and changes, not beyond the substance and scope of the following claims.

Example 3

The coating and method of the present invention was tested on the culture of watermelon. Experiments in the field were carried out in four trials (two repetitions of each test). Coverage for pest control size 20×1 m 40 equidistant holes made incisions in the place of the alleged planting of seedlings so that the plant can be inserted through the hole and plant in the soil. The plant is planted so that its roots were in the ground, and the leaves above the top coating layer, so they are not in contact with the lower layer. The experiments were performed using three different concentrations of herbicide in the lower layer. The results are presented in Table II.

Table II
HerbicideThe mass of Herbicide*DevelopmentProtection from weed§
2.5.20008.5.200015.5.2000
Oxyfluorfen2,58890 9098
Oxyfluorfen5808287.598
Oxyfluorfen10506072.596
* - wt.% pesticide in the lower layer coating;
- % the degree of development evaluation culture in comparison with healthy harvest on a scale of 0-100,100 means a healthy crop;
§ - % protection from weeds on a scale of 0-100, 100 means the total number of cases of suppression of weeds.

Example 4

The coating and method of the present invention was tested on the culture of watermelon. Experiments in field conditions was carried out on four rows of 5 m each. Before planting was preparing a light-tight cover for pest control. The experiments were carried out using a polymer coating containing 1% chlorpyrifos in the lower layer. Insecticides migrated from the lower layer into the soil and/or through contact with insect with insecticidetreated the lower layer, thereby destroying insects around parts of the plant above the floor. The results are presented in Table III.

Table III
4.4.200510.4.200518.4.2005
The number of ants0.000.000.00
Control§0.501.754.75
- the average number of ants counted per minute in the experiment with 1% chlorpyrifos
§- the average number of ants counted per minute without coating

Example 5

The coating containing 1% chlorpyrifos, and the method of the present invention was tested on the culture of watermelon to demonstrate the efficiency of the method. Because it was used patch without pests, the results obtained clearly demonstrated the safety of the application of the specified layer that negative way have an impact on the development of agricultural crops. Experiments in the field with the specified coating amount of 10×2 m was repeated five times and the results were compared with a similar experiment carried out using conventional polyethylene layer. The results are presented in Table IV.

Table IV
Grease the RepeatProfitable agricultural cultureUnprofitable agricultural culture
WeightThe number of watermelonsWeightThe number of watermelons
Standard polyethylene146.12354
230.3193.84
328.11656
426.6164.34
535.4222.12
Average33.319.24.044
Politileadership 1% chlorpyrifos128.51711
243.72265
345.2242.54
427.8132.32
527.3153.23
Average34.518.233

1. Coverage for pest control, which is made of a polymeric material and includes at least two layers: the upper layer and lower layer, the lower layer contains the herbicide and one or more pesticides selected from the group of fungicides and insecticides, and the top layer optionally contains an insecticide and/or fungicide.

2. The coating according to claim 1, characterized in that the top layer contains the insecticide and/or fungicide.

3. The coating according to claim 1, characterized in that the lower layer contains the herbicide and insecticide, and the upper layer contains the insecticide.

4. The coating according to claim 1, characterized in that the lower layer contains a herbicide, fungicide and insecticide, and the upper layer contains the insecticide.

5. The coating according to claim 1, characterized in that the lower layer contains a herbicide, fungicide and insecticide, and the upper layer contains an insecticide and fungicide.

6. The coating according to claim 1, characterized in that the lower layer contains a herbicide, fungicide and insecticide, and the upper layer contains a fungicide.

7. The coating according to claim 1, characterized in that the polymeric material suitable for use as a soil covering.

8. The coating according to claim 1, characterized in that said polymeric material is selected from the group consisting of homopolymers and copolymers of polyolefins, is selected from the group of polyethylene, high pressure polyethylene, polypropylene, ethylene vinyl acetate, ethylenemethacrylic, their derivatives or mixtures.

9. The coating according to claim 1, characterized in that it contains an additional layer between the lower and upper layer to protect the movement of the herbicide from the bottom layer to the top, and then into the plant.

10. The coating according to claim 9, characterized in that the protective intermediate layer is made of polymer-based polyamide or polyvinyl alcohol.

11. The coating according to claim 1, characterized in that the lower layer contains from about 0.1 to 5 wt.% herbicide.

12. Floor in claim 11, characterized in that the lower layer contains from about 0.1 to 5 wt.% insecticide and/or from 0.1 to 5 wt.% fungicide.

13. Floor in claim 11, wherein the top layer contains from about 0.1 to 5 wt.% insecticide and/or from 0.1 to 5 wt.% fungicide.

14. The coating 12, wherein the upper layer contains from about 0.1 to 5 wt.% insecticide and/or from 0.1 to 5 wt.% fungicide.

15. The coating according to claim 1, wherein the herbicide is selected from the group consisting of:

oxyfluorfen-2-chloro-α,α,α-Cryptor-p-tolyl-3-ethoxy-4-nitrophenylamino ether;

trifluralin-α,α,α-Cryptor-2,6-dinitro-N,N-dipropyl-p-toluidine;

benfluralin-N-butyl-N-ethyl-2,6-dinitro-4-(trifluoromethyl)benzenamine;

isoproply-4-isopropyl-2,6-Dini is ro-N,N-dipropylamine;

oryzalin-3,5-dinitro-N4N4-dipropylacetamide;

fluroxypyr-4-aminol-3,5-dichloro-6-fluoro-2-pyridyloxyacetic acids;

ethylfuran-N-ethyl-α,α,α-Cryptor-N-(methylallyl)-2,6-dinitro-p-toluidine;

pendimethalin-N-(1-ethylpropyl)-2,6-dinitro-3,4-xylidine;

proplerly-N-(cyclopropylmethyl)-α,α,α-Cryptor-2,6-dinitro-N-propyl-p-toluidine;

the Diuron-3-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)-N,N-dimethylation;

imazethapyr-(RS)-5-ethyl-2-(4-isopropyl-4-methyl-5-oxo-2-imidazolin-2-yl)nicotinic acid;

imazaquin-(RS)-2-(4-isopropyl-4-methyl-5-oxo-2-imidazolin-2-yl)quinoline-3-carboxylic acid;

glyphosate-N-(phosphonomethyl)glycine;

Simazine-6-chloro-N,N'-diethyl-1,3,5-triazine-2,4-diamine;

terbutryn-N-(1,1-dimethylethyl)-N'-ethyl-6-(methylthio)-1,3,5-triazine-2,4-diamine;

metribuzin-4-amino-6-tert-butyl-3-methylthio-1,2,4-triazine-5(4H)-it

or herbicides on the basis of sulfonylurea selected from (common names) triasulfuron, chlorsulfuron, tribenuron and rimsulfuron.

16. The coating according to claim 1, wherein the insecticide is selected from the group consisting of: organophosphate insecticides: chlorpyrifos and diazinon; neonicotinoids: Imidacloprid, acetamiprid and thiamethoxam; PYRETHROID insecticides: bifenthrin, lambda cigalotrin is, tefluthrin, permetrina; nematicides: cadusafos and fenamiphos; and spinosad, indoxacarb and fipronil.

17. The coating according to claim 1, wherein the fungicide is selected from fungicides, which are steroid hibitory demethylation: hexaconazole, myclobutanil, propiconazole, triadimenol, tebuconazole, penconazole and prochloraz, metalaxyl, dimethomorph, cymoxanil, propamocarb hydrochloride, fluazinam; fungicides type strobilurin: AZOXYSTROBIN, metalcertima, Trifloxystrobin, methylotrophy; picostation and pyraclostrobin and MA-20565.

18. The coating according to claim 1, characterized in that it is svetopronitsaemuyu.

19. The coating according to claim 1, wherein the pesticide is a fungicide, insecticide, a mixture of fungicides, a mixture of insecticides, individually or in combination.

20. Method of pest control in agriculture, vegetable farming and gardening, including laying on the ground (soil) covering according to claim 1 and the implementation of cuts in place for the planting of seedlings.

21. Polymer composition comprising a herbicide, to produce polymeric coatings according to claim 1.

22. The composition according to item 21, wherein the polymer is in the form of granules and/or polymeric resin containing a pesticide.

23. The composition according to item 21, further containing a fungicide and/or insecticide.

24. Polymer composition pop, characterized in that it contains from about 5 to 30% of the herbicide to produce polymeric coatings.

25. Polymer composition according to paragraph 24, additionally containing from about 5 to 30% of the fungicide and/or insecticide.

26. The composition according to item 21, wherein the herbicide is selected from the group consisting of:

oxyfluorfen-2-chloro-α,α,α-Cryptor-p-tolyl-3-ethoxy-4-nitrophenylamino ether;

trifluralin-α,α,α-Cryptor-2,6-dinitro-N,N-dipropyl-p-toluidine;

benfluralin-N-butyl-N-ethyl-2,6-dinitro-4-(trifluoromethyl)benzenamine;

isoproply-4-isopropyl-2,6-dinitro-N,N-dipropylamine;

oryzalin-3,5-dinitro-N4N4-dipropylacetamide;

fluroxypyr-4-aminol-3,5-dichloro-6-fluoro-2-pyridyloxyacetic acids;

ethylfuran-N-ethyl-α,α,α-Cryptor-N-(methylallyl)-2,6-dinitro-p-toluidine;

pendimethalin-N-(1-ethylpropyl)-2,6-dinitro-3,4-xylidine;

proplerly-N-(cyclopropylmethyl)-α,α,α-Cryptor-2,6-dinitro-N-propyl-p-toluidine;

the Diuron-3-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)-N,N-dimethylation;

imazethapyr-(RS)-5-ethyl-2-(4-isopropyl-4-methyl-5-oxo-2-imidazolin-2-yl)nicotinic acid;

imazaquin-(RS)-2-(4-isopropyl-4-methyl-5-oxo-2-imidazolin-2-yl)quinoline-3-carboxylic acid;

glyphosate-N-(phosphonomethyl) glycine;

Simazine-6-x is the PR-N,N'-diethyl-1,3,5-triazine-2,4-diamine;

terbutryn-N-(1,1-dimethylethyl)-N'-ethyl-6-(methylthio)-1,3,5-triazine-2,4-diamine;

metribuzin-4-amino-6-tert-butyl-3-methylthio-1,2,4-triazine-5(4H)-it

or herbicides on the basis of sulfonylurea selected from (common names) triasulfuron, chlorsulfuron, tribenuron and rimsulfuron.

27. The composition according to item 23, wherein the insecticide is selected from the group consisting of organophosphorus insecticides: chlorpyrifos and diazinon; neonicotinoids: Imidacloprid, acetamiprid, thiamethoxam; PYRETHROID insecticides: bifenthrin, lambda-cyhalothrin, tefluthrin and permetrina, nematicides: cadusafos, and fenamiphos; and spinosad, indoxacarb and fipronil, and a fungicide selected from the group of fungicides, which are steroid demethylation inhibitors: hexaconazole, myclobutanil, propiconazole, triadimenol, tebuconazole, penconazole, and prochloraz, metalaxyl, dimethomorph, cymoxanil, propamocarb of hydrochloride and fluazinam, or fungicides type strobilurin: AZOXYSTROBIN, metalcertima, Trifloxystrobin, methylotrophy, micocystin and pyraclostrobin and MA-20565.

28. The composition according to item 21, characterized in that it contains polyethylene granules, and includes from about 5 to 30% oxyfluorfen.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: agriculture, herbicides.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to aqueous herbicidal concentrate compositions containing glyphosate or salt thereof dissolved in aqueous medium,, surfactant in solution or in form of stable suspension, emulsion or dispersion in said medium, oxalic acid or salt thereof wherein ratio of surfactant and oxalic acid or salt thereof is from 5:1 to 40:1 and ratio of glyphosate or salt thereof based on acidic equivalent and oxalic acid or salt thereof is from 2:1 to 125:1. Also disclosed are method for reducing of surfactant content in said composition including dilution thereof with water; method for suppression of imopea growth by applying of aqueous composition on imopea leaves, as well as solid herbicidal concentrate composition containing glyphosate ammonium salt, oxalic acid or salt thereof and surfactant.

EFFECT: compositions of increased effectiveness.

21 cl, 191 tbl, 99 ex

FIELD: organic chemistry, pesticides.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to concentrated pesticide solution, containing 0.5-50 mass/vol.% one or more water insoluble pesticides and lignin in mass ratio lignin/pesticide of 1:10-1:1, dissolved in polar solvent mixable with water in amount to adjust total volume to 100 %. Dispersed in water concentrated pesticide solution is applied onto pests or locus thereof.

EFFECT: storage stable products.

9 cl, 7 tbl, 2 ex

FIELD: organic chemistry, pesticides.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to concentrated pesticide solution, containing 0.5-50 mass/vol.% one or more water insoluble pesticides and lignin in mass ratio lignin/pesticide of 1:10-1:1, dissolved in polar solvent mixable with water in amount to adjust total volume to 100 %. Dispersed in water concentrated pesticide solution is applied onto pests or locus thereof.

EFFECT: storage stable products.

9 cl, 7 tbl, 2 ex

FIELD: organic chemistry, pesticides.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to concentrated pesticide solution, containing 0.5-50 mass/vol.% one or more water insoluble pesticides and lignin in mass ratio lignin/pesticide of 1:10-1:1, dissolved in polar solvent mixable with water in amount to adjust total volume to 100 %. Dispersed in water concentrated pesticide solution is applied onto pests or locus thereof.

EFFECT: storage stable products.

9 cl, 7 tbl, 2 ex

FIELD: organic chemistry, pesticides.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to concentrated pesticide solution, containing 0.5-50 mass/vol.% one or more water insoluble pesticides and lignin in mass ratio lignin/pesticide of 1:10-1:1, dissolved in polar solvent mixable with water in amount to adjust total volume to 100 %. Dispersed in water concentrated pesticide solution is applied onto pests or locus thereof.

EFFECT: storage stable products.

9 cl, 7 tbl, 2 ex

FIELD: organic chemistry, pesticides.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to concentrated pesticide solution, containing 0.5-50 mass/vol.% one or more water insoluble pesticides and lignin in mass ratio lignin/pesticide of 1:10-1:1, dissolved in polar solvent mixable with water in amount to adjust total volume to 100 %. Dispersed in water concentrated pesticide solution is applied onto pests or locus thereof.

EFFECT: storage stable products.

9 cl, 7 tbl, 2 ex

FIELD: organic chemistry, pesticides.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to concentrated pesticide solution, containing 0.5-50 mass/vol.% one or more water insoluble pesticides and lignin in mass ratio lignin/pesticide of 1:10-1:1, dissolved in polar solvent mixable with water in amount to adjust total volume to 100 %. Dispersed in water concentrated pesticide solution is applied onto pests or locus thereof.

EFFECT: storage stable products.

9 cl, 7 tbl, 2 ex

FIELD: organic chemistry, pesticides.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to concentrated pesticide solution, containing 0.5-50 mass/vol.% one or more water insoluble pesticides and lignin in mass ratio lignin/pesticide of 1:10-1:1, dissolved in polar solvent mixable with water in amount to adjust total volume to 100 %. Dispersed in water concentrated pesticide solution is applied onto pests or locus thereof.

EFFECT: storage stable products.

9 cl, 7 tbl, 2 ex

FIELD: organic chemistry, pesticides.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to concentrated pesticide solution, containing 0.5-50 mass/vol.% one or more water insoluble pesticides and lignin in mass ratio lignin/pesticide of 1:10-1:1, dissolved in polar solvent mixable with water in amount to adjust total volume to 100 %. Dispersed in water concentrated pesticide solution is applied onto pests or locus thereof.

EFFECT: storage stable products.

9 cl, 7 tbl, 2 ex

FIELD: agriculture, organic chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agent for pest and acaridae controlling containing mixture of a) compound of formula I , wherein X represents C1-C4-alkyl; W, Y, and Z are independently hydrogen or C1-C4-alkyl; A and B together with the hydrogen atom to which they are attached form saturated C3-C6-cycloalkyl monosubstituted with (C1-C4-alkoxyl; D represents hydrogen; G represents hydrogen or group , wherein M is oxygen; R2 is C1-C8-alkyl; and b) compound selected from group containing acrinatrin, cypermetrin, alpha-cypermetrin, zeta-cypermetrin, cyflutrin, beta-cyflutrin,, deltametrin, lambda-cyhalotrin, phempropatrin, and biphentrin, wherein a) and b) mass ratio is from 25:1 to 1:1.

EFFECT: agent with synergic effect and increased activity.

3 cl, 12 tbl, 5 ex

FIELD: agriculture, herbicides.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to aqueous herbicidal concentrate compositions containing glyphosate or salt thereof dissolved in aqueous medium,, surfactant in solution or in form of stable suspension, emulsion or dispersion in said medium, oxalic acid or salt thereof wherein ratio of surfactant and oxalic acid or salt thereof is from 5:1 to 40:1 and ratio of glyphosate or salt thereof based on acidic equivalent and oxalic acid or salt thereof is from 2:1 to 125:1. Also disclosed are method for reducing of surfactant content in said composition including dilution thereof with water; method for suppression of imopea growth by applying of aqueous composition on imopea leaves, as well as solid herbicidal concentrate composition containing glyphosate ammonium salt, oxalic acid or salt thereof and surfactant.

EFFECT: compositions of increased effectiveness.

21 cl, 191 tbl, 99 ex

FIELD: organic chemistry, pesticides.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to concentrated pesticide solution, containing 0.5-50 mass/vol.% one or more water insoluble pesticides and lignin in mass ratio lignin/pesticide of 1:10-1:1, dissolved in polar solvent mixable with water in amount to adjust total volume to 100 %. Dispersed in water concentrated pesticide solution is applied onto pests or locus thereof.

EFFECT: storage stable products.

9 cl, 7 tbl, 2 ex

FIELD: organic chemistry, pesticides.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to concentrated pesticide solution, containing 0.5-50 mass/vol.% one or more water insoluble pesticides and lignin in mass ratio lignin/pesticide of 1:10-1:1, dissolved in polar solvent mixable with water in amount to adjust total volume to 100 %. Dispersed in water concentrated pesticide solution is applied onto pests or locus thereof.

EFFECT: storage stable products.

9 cl, 7 tbl, 2 ex

FIELD: organic chemistry, pesticides.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to concentrated pesticide solution, containing 0.5-50 mass/vol.% one or more water insoluble pesticides and lignin in mass ratio lignin/pesticide of 1:10-1:1, dissolved in polar solvent mixable with water in amount to adjust total volume to 100 %. Dispersed in water concentrated pesticide solution is applied onto pests or locus thereof.

EFFECT: storage stable products.

9 cl, 7 tbl, 2 ex

FIELD: organic chemistry, pesticides.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to concentrated pesticide solution, containing 0.5-50 mass/vol.% one or more water insoluble pesticides and lignin in mass ratio lignin/pesticide of 1:10-1:1, dissolved in polar solvent mixable with water in amount to adjust total volume to 100 %. Dispersed in water concentrated pesticide solution is applied onto pests or locus thereof.

EFFECT: storage stable products.

9 cl, 7 tbl, 2 ex

FIELD: organic chemistry, pesticides.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to concentrated pesticide solution, containing 0.5-50 mass/vol.% one or more water insoluble pesticides and lignin in mass ratio lignin/pesticide of 1:10-1:1, dissolved in polar solvent mixable with water in amount to adjust total volume to 100 %. Dispersed in water concentrated pesticide solution is applied onto pests or locus thereof.

EFFECT: storage stable products.

9 cl, 7 tbl, 2 ex

FIELD: organic chemistry, pesticides.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to concentrated pesticide solution, containing 0.5-50 mass/vol.% one or more water insoluble pesticides and lignin in mass ratio lignin/pesticide of 1:10-1:1, dissolved in polar solvent mixable with water in amount to adjust total volume to 100 %. Dispersed in water concentrated pesticide solution is applied onto pests or locus thereof.

EFFECT: storage stable products.

9 cl, 7 tbl, 2 ex

FIELD: organic chemistry, pesticides.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to concentrated pesticide solution, containing 0.5-50 mass/vol.% one or more water insoluble pesticides and lignin in mass ratio lignin/pesticide of 1:10-1:1, dissolved in polar solvent mixable with water in amount to adjust total volume to 100 %. Dispersed in water concentrated pesticide solution is applied onto pests or locus thereof.

EFFECT: storage stable products.

9 cl, 7 tbl, 2 ex

FIELD: organic chemistry, pesticides.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to concentrated pesticide solution, containing 0.5-50 mass/vol.% one or more water insoluble pesticides and lignin in mass ratio lignin/pesticide of 1:10-1:1, dissolved in polar solvent mixable with water in amount to adjust total volume to 100 %. Dispersed in water concentrated pesticide solution is applied onto pests or locus thereof.

EFFECT: storage stable products.

9 cl, 7 tbl, 2 ex

FIELD: agriculture, organic chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agent for pest and acaridae controlling containing mixture of a) compound of formula I , wherein X represents C1-C4-alkyl; W, Y, and Z are independently hydrogen or C1-C4-alkyl; A and B together with the hydrogen atom to which they are attached form saturated C3-C6-cycloalkyl monosubstituted with (C1-C4-alkoxyl; D represents hydrogen; G represents hydrogen or group , wherein M is oxygen; R2 is C1-C8-alkyl; and b) compound selected from group containing acrinatrin, cypermetrin, alpha-cypermetrin, zeta-cypermetrin, cyflutrin, beta-cyflutrin,, deltametrin, lambda-cyhalotrin, phempropatrin, and biphentrin, wherein a) and b) mass ratio is from 25:1 to 1:1.

EFFECT: agent with synergic effect and increased activity.

3 cl, 12 tbl, 5 ex

FIELD: agriculture, herbicides.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to aqueous herbicidal concentrate compositions containing glyphosate or salt thereof dissolved in aqueous medium,, surfactant in solution or in form of stable suspension, emulsion or dispersion in said medium, oxalic acid or salt thereof wherein ratio of surfactant and oxalic acid or salt thereof is from 5:1 to 40:1 and ratio of glyphosate or salt thereof based on acidic equivalent and oxalic acid or salt thereof is from 2:1 to 125:1. Also disclosed are method for reducing of surfactant content in said composition including dilution thereof with water; method for suppression of imopea growth by applying of aqueous composition on imopea leaves, as well as solid herbicidal concentrate composition containing glyphosate ammonium salt, oxalic acid or salt thereof and surfactant.

EFFECT: compositions of increased effectiveness.

21 cl, 191 tbl, 99 ex

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