Wide front sprinkling-fertilizing machine

FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, sprinkling and fertilizing technique in irrigated agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: machine, in conjunction with its anchor driving road track equipped with end reversal stops, is spaced from ground surface by altitude of up to 50 m through on-board supporting toroidal aerostats rigidly threaded by means of rim hubs on on-board water-and-pulp pipeline furnished at perforations from mid portion to ends with water-and-pulp pneumatic ejection-type sprinkling-fertilizing units. On-board, pipe connection, comb-shaped hydrogen and air-ballast collectors laid laterally of on-board water-and-pulp pipeline along the length thereof are adapted for on-board supporting toroidal aerostats furnished with long and short mooring anchoring guide ropes. Two parallel carrier lightning-guiding ropes of annular stays of supporting toroidal aerostat tubular current-conductive puller sleeve are pivotally hung in current-conductive manner from the bottom between both end on-board supporting toroidal aerostats on double-support steel back pin of each pendulum crank, puller sleeve being joined without tension with its out-board telecommunications with on-board tubular current-conductive communications. Rope-road rollers of mechanisms for synchronous front shuttle movement along rope road track are fixed on outer ends of both end tubular constructive parts of on-board water-and-pulp pipeline. Paired wells of airlifts are provided in mid portion of shoulders of each catch of portion to be ameliorated, airlifts being hydraulically, electrically and pneumatically sealed in parallel way from irrigation pump-and-compressor station. Both lower ends of puller sleeve are brought to said wells. Ends of tubular current-conductive telecommunications of puller sleeve, except for annular stays, are freely passed through throat of conductive gauge of hawsehole into well of airlift water-and-pulp pneumatic lift pipeline branched from puller sleeve train is connected to internal well hydrant of airlift. Airlift has chamber permanently filled with water and positioned in airlift base and is further provided with three sluice fertilizer chambers.

EFFECT: increased efficiency of machine by delivering finely dispersed irrigation spray of predetermined intensity or uniformly distributed granulated and liquid fertilizers.

16 dwg

 

The invention relates to irrigation and fertilizer technology of irrigated agriculture. "Wide known by sprinkling front running position with the abstraction of water from hydrants pressure closed network are srednesrocnye BARN-64 "VOLZHANKA", DF-120 "DNEPR" and other analogues. Both above the pivot, and the rest of their counterparts, are not adapted for fertilizer and have as a primary element of water conveyance pipeline with the drain valves and equipped srednesrocnye sprinkler devices circular steps, and two tubular intake mounting device for positional intake of water from hydrants closed pressurized irrigation network. To move from one position sprinkling on another "Volzhanka" for each wing wheel water conveyance pipeline has one petrol driven internal combustion engine, interlocked with its traction reverse gear.

"Dnipro" has on each wheel support Bicycle type electromotive actuator receiving traction voltage from a mobile plant on the tractor (see Weppelmann "sprinkler Irrigation, Novocherkassk, 1979, pages 37-41).

The prototype of the invention adopted sprinkling machine "Volzhanka", which is simple to the regulations, low consumption, simple operation, however, the desired technical result sprinkling machine "Volzhanka" does not issue because:

- the limited height of irrigated crops up to 1 m;

- damage to crops supporting wheels of the machine when perchatki from position to position;

- limited intensity of rain positional sprinkler work to avoid irrigation soil erosion;

- soil compaction wheels cars and large drops of rain;

- limited range of synchronous observations of the working machine and a driving waterer;

- slipping wheel when perchatki machine with positions involving the local curvature of the wing water conveyance pipeline more valid.

- the impossibility of operation of the machine in motion;

- inability to use the pivot as wide of podkormila granulated and emulsione mineral and organic fertilizers, as well as the sprayer pests of cultivated crops;

- inability to use the pivot in conditions of rough terrain;

- inability to use the pivot in orchards and vineyards.

The above-mentioned disadvantages inherent to all kinds of things is concerned sprinkling machines, with ground-based operation.

The aim of the invention is to eliminate the above disadvantages of the prototype by applying integrated irrigation-fertilizer machine "Landia"provides a Shuttle or position (in the sky over reclaimed sedevacantism plot) the issuance of Microfine irrigation rain specified intensity or the issuance evenly distributed granular and liquid fertilizers.

The essence of the invention is that the wide, front-Shuttle, traction electrified action with overhead rope-road ruts irrigation-fertilizer machine "Lendia equipped with anchor-coroaefacetas, complex moduleprovider pipeline, complete combined spike-landing gear in the composition of the post-and-wire cable and rope-hydropel snap, and combined pneumovirinae, irrigation-fertilizer units, which has two end, flexible support-careerstats, tubular podapolipidae, vodorodovozdushnoi-conductive mounting valiukevich that ring, Positano connected anchored to two hydrobromofluorocarbons mortar wells airlifts with prikladnoi, mobile, wheel-mounted electrocare, use issuemay as the emergency power unit and two prirodzenie, tow-mobile, podrulevymi targetvolume gadobutrol system splinebased machine "Landia"with settling process the casting section, complete the reclaimed land settling angelocracy and two amarakosha Podpolkovnik of torulaspora.

The main side spinal unit "Landia is duralumin podapolipidae pipeline with a diameter of 80 mm, a length of 150 m, with inner and outer anti-corrosion coating and two-way return flow bypassed woodpulp through two-hundred-meter nylon vodopronitsaemoy pipe diameter of 50 mm each bearing-coroaefacetas connecting Belorukov in the backup gateway mortar pit of airlift.

Composed onboard podapolipidae pipeline of alternating nine, six and eight twelve links with flanged connections. Both end six managers have a diameter of 130 mm and are bearing constructive. In the cavity of each concentric hinged on hard-thrust bearing silumin modulepropertygroup pendulum knee Board moduleprovider pipeline.

Intermediate twelve and alternating with them six units onboard moduleprovider pipeline have dehst the integral counter voloportopotenzapicena from either end of Belorukov, which increases the efficiency of continuous keywords. hydropneumothorax when pneumovirus in the atmosphere of irrigation water or fertilizer of hydropulper through the combined double chamber stainless hydropneumoperitoneum irrigation-fertilizer apparatus, in which the upper - sprinkler cavity has a regulating flap aerodynamic profile, lower fertilizer cavity has a regulatory skimming a rotary vane valve. Initially (when installed in girth irrigation-fertilizer units on-Board podapolipidae pipeline) both valves are buried, overlapping respectively the upper and lower rectangular perforations provided along the edges and in the middle of each twelve-level borotovogo moduleprovider pipeline.

From mid vrazbezhku to the flanking ends of the side moduleprovider pipeline sprinkler-fertilizer units installed on controni receiving rain water or fertilizer hydropulper.

In the middle of the seven six-meter intermediate links onboard moduleprovider pipeline is stationary as the shaft rubber friction rings, duralumin diametrically-detachable remote hub polymer diametrically-split rims on-Board intermediate basic careerist is s, having an outer diameter polymer air-ballast toolblock up to six meters.

All on-Board reference coroaefacetas in the air-ballast shirt, enclosed within the outer polymer toolblock parallel communicated through the fitting with side air ballast staterepresentative collector, put together five different-sized polymercaptan torkamani carrying hydrogen communicated in parallel with the onboard hydrogen staterepresentative collector Autonomous fittings. The outer polymer toolblock all on-Board reference coroaefacetas has sitatapatra floor and secured to the flanges of the rim bearing, nylon, prografichena permanently grounded to drain static electricity, toroslu.

On both end six structural units onboard moduleprovider pipeline is stationary as the shaft on the dowels, polymer, diametrically split optotypes same side, limit, paired, reference coroaefacetas with an outer diameter polymer air-ballast toolblock up to six meters.

Laterally along the entire length of the onboard moduleprovider pipeline through the through holes of the polymer rims all eleven onboard reference coroaefacetas laid two on Board the o with the same design polymer tube with a diameter of 40 mm staterepresentative collector-hydrogen and air ballast (for oxygen-depleted air), connected through starovilenky with the appropriate hydrogen and air ballast taraboletti all on-Board reference coroaefacetas, and both end fittings manifolds counter reported on hydrogen and air ballast nylon two-hundred-meter tubes with a diameter of 20 mm, which is part of both end, flanking operatorhealth truboelektrosvarochnyh mounting of Belorukov, with both targetvolume.

Throughout stopyatidesyatiletny the length of the side smazyvaesh of tubepath formed parallel side vodoproprovodnye pipeline, hydrogen and air to the ballast manifold through the through holes of the polymer rims on-Board reference coroaefacetas, in the direction of both end side contact panels fixed in the cavity of each end of the constructive link onboard moduleprovider pipeline) padded aluminum diluting air and transit (across the Board) connecting both prirodzenie, targetvolume mutually casinodelrio control machine "Landia", conductive paths on-Board electric energy converters DC voltage of 28 Volts. Also the entire length of the side podapolipidae the pipeline has four spiral shadow is americasnew protection system on its maximum allowable spatial deformations, providing automatic landing machine "Landia" when it is full modulemanager.

Side podapolipidae pipeline strengthened combined spatial post-and-wire cable snap. Byte stainless steel wire has a diameter of not less than 2 mm Duralumin tapered, hollow, five-meter rack cable snap-in focused on three pieces under the flat corners 135°, 90°, 135°then fixed by threes in vertical transverse planes at the ends of duralumin remote optotypes side of the intermediate support coroaefacetas (equipped with a ten-meter rope Gastropoda), and on both end structural units (paired bearing coroaefacetas which is similarly equipped with a meter long rope Gastropoda).

At the top of the crossbar vertical careerstrides racks cable snap-in fixed blocks of air navigation signal lights and side constantly grounded lightning rods. The remaining strut-strut-braced the Stoics cable snap, pairs directed to the bottom in two planes at an angle of 90°serve as part-time onboard spike landing gear machine "Landia".

On the outer free allancavanagh ends of both constructive links Bartova moduleprovider pipeline in silumin Clutterbuck, bolted to the flanges, both side are mutually synchronized rope-roller mechanisms front-Shuttle conductive technological move in the sky machine "Landia". The composition of each Board traction electrified rope-roller mechanism for moving the machine "Landia" includes the following mechanically connected devices:

- drive reversible direct current motor power of 1 kW at a voltage of 28 volts, having a mass of 1 kg at composition with reverse switch motor, equipped with a double-sided key for the transmission of impacts from the rope-road, polymer, ball end the front-rear lock and friction variable speed;

- lowering the speed worm gear, worm shaft which is connected with the secondary shaft of the variator speed, and the shaft of the worm Sestini connected with the shaft coupled friction thoughtby rope-road roller conveyors between which is sandwiched passed through Cluses aluminum housing nylon (with steel trosikom core) airborne road, antropology rope length of 500 m, with a diameter up to 10 mm, provided at distances of 200 m from its mid-front-rear swing mobile polymer end ball lock and key bilateral reverse switch drive motor side of the rope-roller mechanism, Shuttle move the machine "Landia".

The free ends of both air and road ropes that formed the rope-road track, symmetrically bound for ringed shanks anchor hogaboom, inclined crushed into the ground (with the edges chetyrehmetrovoy technological hook within the squares of its end-reroof) to a depth of 1.5 m, then shatterproof broken in the unhardened concrete.

When reaching the machine "Landia" maximum permissible front-rear bias on the rope-road track, both side rope-roller mechanisms move automatically stop anywhere rope-road passage for semi-automatic (panel) eliminate skew.

In the cavity grassroots radially split between bearings armhole each structural element onboard moduleprovider hinge-seat concentric with him steel axle fixed in the housing bore occipital tide end moduleproposing pendulum knee wound through the packing in the end of the on-Board moduleprovider pipeline, front swivel is suspended from two parallel bearing stainless steel manapragada cable diameters from 6 mm included in the flexible two-hundred-meter reference-coroaefacetas support-as is avago corset truboelektrosvarochnogo Belorukov integrated mounting device of the machine "Landia".

Through each meter parallel to the bearing mariarosaria ropes corset Belorukov front linked polymer bearing diametrically split support-three-point centering rings with cardioscopy internal adjustable diameter planetary rings 30 mm and the Central 100 mm

Every 40 linear feet on the steel bezirksoberliga Saraburi, parallel bearing manapragada ropes corset Belorukov enshrined in nanis parameterically, concentric on top of the polymer diametrically split of optotypes, with an adjustable diameter of the Central hole axially celeno-moving trunk piston steropes centruroides sporozoite radially-celeno-reversal from 0° to ±190° together with valoracion and mobile, protective foam-centering caracolito, four vodorodoemkih, Autonomous, different height constantly airborne ballast support careerstats with different height wastewise rope Gastropoda.

Concentric-daroobalgie, polymer film, vodorodovozdushnoi-shirt of torkamani reference coroaefacetas both Belorukov machine "Landia" are:

- outer diameter of up to four meters;

- Autonomous vodorodovozdushnoi filling to volume of indifferent equilibrium in which tmosphere at specific load;

- outdoor air-shirt toolblock, which is outside of the flanges of optotypes reference careerstats covered in a nylon carrier programaciones permanently grounded toroidal and has sitatapatra coating, and polymer radialisation landing gear;

- on polymer obtectomera bottom bound vasieva propylene rope mitropa length up to 40 m

All telecommunication composition of each Belorukov stocked moduledependency pipe, hydrogen and air ballast tubes and the conductive circuit, the same is laid in the form of a cylindrical trubuck with conductive core, then abinchova protective polimernogo tape having outer sitatapatra floor.

Then Belorukov concentric skipped in their bearing ring corset and hinged for circular protrusions protective tape without tension in all the rings of the corset and in transit communication holes stereociliary of optotypes at the level of the centers of gravity and sail four reference coroaefacetas Belorukov.

The upper ends of the communication structure of each Belorukov nonsystematically vrazbezhku and without tension articulated elastically connected in the cavity sweetorange constructive link onboard moduleprovider t is unaproved with padded it relevant for the purpose onboard communications machine "Landia".

Each process casting section, complete machine "Landia", having a length of 400 m and a width of 150 m, in the middle of the road has two mentalinstrum identical working together mortar wells airlifts, which parallel hydroelectroimpulsive through underground utilities from the irrigation pump and compressor stations.

Working counter to ring on both Floryan over the side of the machine "Landia", mortar pits airlifts each technological phases are irrigation and fertilizer hydroelectroimpulsive airlifting nodes of the second order with a stock height podapolipidae to 100 meters

Nutricology hydrant airlift has a bottom stainless steel permanently water-filled from irrigation system vertically dumnichesky ogopogorotary chamber in the side wall which radially-inclined embedded bottom three necks stainless steel also dumnichesky in the form pnevmatichnij, parallel running sluttier fertilizers having top openings, from upstream vnutrikorovogo steel hopper fertilizer, manual loading of the valve, and in the lower necks similar to the metering valve.

Along with this inside the mortar well installed airlift: a comprehensive transformative power is it electrified phase, 220 V, emergency, electrocardiastimulating voltage of 28 V and outstanding for the operation of the machine "Lendia only voltage 28 VDC; exhaust fan; semicompatible vnutrikotlovyye device elektrofitsirovana water, panel, air and conductive armature and held nutricology lighting grid.

In the front section of both mortar wells airlifts processed machine "Landia" technological hook next to each operating in synchronous mode, the well of airlift are towing, battery, emergency power supply, the maintenance personnel of the electric car and buckaroobanzai podpulty vodorazdelny torulaspora providing work gadobutrol system splinebased machine "Landia" pavlovaska with airlift. Bunk zelenogorskiy frame torulaspora height up to 7 m, which consists of a horizontal disk of the lower deck with a diameter of 5 meters, having on the outer perimeter of four evenly dispersed eccentric rotary spherocyte and mobile towing eye.

In the center of the lower deck vertically fixed conical vosmiokonny tower height up to seven meters, having outside at a height of two and four meters two coaxial horizontal, crestors what's spaceplane, which horizontally porno fixed diametrically different-sized detachable rims - mignarodnoy air-ballast the polymer duoBLOCK torkamani, which rim has developed the diameter of the lower flange and verjaarsdag more hydrogen polymer trichoblastomas torkamani, which rim has developed the diameter of the upper flange.

Over verjaarsdag rim at a height of five meters on the tapered tower horizontally concentric fixed upper disk deck with a diameter of up to six meters, with perimeter rails, which is equipped with flank mutually casinogamesuse remote control machine "Landia".

At the top of the conical tower fixed block air navigation signal lights of torulaspora permanently grounded lightning rod and lifting eye. Outside of the tower through the hole of the upper deck to its top fixed stair ladder.

On the lower deck of torulaspora in its cavity conical tower is the main driven five (stop-flow faucet, surfacing machines, airlift, stop airlift landing machine),combined, vodorodovozdushnoi-ballast, odnoproboyny block crane torulaspora and airlift has on the body three tiers getpropecia fittings.

Verhaaren fitting block valve vodopodobnogo the data, sredneetazhnye main compressed starting buffer air torulaspora and starting air airlift nizhniyrussian - throughs ballast combined with oxygen from the air.

Next to the block valve in the cavity of the conical tower torulaspora fixed complex electrorotation the buttons on the control panel of the machine "Landia".

Mounted horizontally between the flanges of their different size rims Verhnyaya hydrogen and nizhneamuryya air-ballast polymer film of the three and is twocovering torkamani podpolnogo, prigorodnogo of torulaspora have an outside sitatapatra floor and bearing nylon, programically permanently grounded (for removal of static electricity) morosetti, and inside between his two elastic-solid concentric toolblock contain (alternately technologically run the air-buffer shirt system of air from the well of the airlift.

In addition, the polymer film three shell hydrogen forocalera of torulaspora has a cavity vozdushno-buffer shirts concentrically closed UN-tensioned resonableness toolblock with barometric sensor leakage of hydrogen from the machine system "Landia", in which the lower end of each flank flexible truboelektrosvarochnogo of dvuhsotmetrovoj the communication, protoreaster Belorukov, with the length of 195 m from the axis of the hinge side-elastic suspension, exterior, manapany, ring corset, which since the end of the five-meter shot and fed to the mortar pit of airlift, first articulated, with tightness anchored parallelprocessing, mariarosaria cords corset for diametrically opposite (front-neutral plane of the technological bends Belorukov) eyes constantly grounded, steel, circular base of the laptop, conductive, polymeric, curved Clusaz Belorukov, temporarily inserted in its grounded through the annular base provided in the cover concrete well airlift technological hook.

No corset five end Belorukov freely passed through the mouth of a conductive polymer, curved Clusaz in the cavity mortar pit of airlift, where branched from the composition Belorukov, nylon vodopronitsaema pipe connects to the hydrant of the airlift and the rest of the staff Belorukov and connected vnutrikotlovyye two (direct pneumological and reverse airlift) rubberized pneumology diameter up to 12 mm, and nutricology electrovalency the cable with the transformed and rectified system voltage is receiving (from vnutrikorovogo complex switchboard) 28 VDC, and electrobiology direct and inverse prihladano-elektrochemie, emergency-charging-battery cables with a voltage of 28 in General, the portable communication sheaf withdrawn through the embrasure of the mortar pit of airlift and temporarily laid on the ground under slant in the direction of the block valve and electrorotation panel remote control machine "Landia"installed permanently on precollection, tow-mobile, populetum, bunk, vodorodovozdushnoi-ballast targetvolume.

Flexible sheaf phlorotannin and nutricology portable tube and electrically conductive connecting communications machines "Landia" (derived from the mortar pit airlift) on the lower deck prigorodnogo, tow-mobile, bunk, vodorodovozdushnoi-ballast, podpolnogo of torulaspora radoen. Tubular communication are connected to a three-storey block valve and tiered (Positano) attached.

The fittings medium air pressure storey block of the crane (remote control machine "Landia") connected:

- air pressure, rubberized pneumogram from nutricology air supply, pneumophilia through it three storey block of the crane;

- return air pressure. rubberized pneumogram to vnutrikolonial the airlift;

The fittings ver is it hydrogen tier block valve connected:

- nylon hydrogen tube Belorukov;

- nylon hydrogen tube hydrogen torkamani of torulaspora (constant);

- orderly valve of the air-buffer shirts hydrogen torkamani of torulaspora (constantly).

The fittings of the lower air-ballast (hypoxic vozduhoplovite) tier block valve connected:

- nylon air-ballast tube Belorukov;

- nylon air-ballast tube air-ballast torkamani of torulaspora (constant);

- orderly valve of the air-buffer shirt air ballast torkamani of torulaspora (constantly).

Paired elektronikai conductive communication sheaf connected to the female the electrical panel of torulaspora remote control machine "Landia".

The same tube and electrically conductive joining phlorotannin and nutricology communications made to duplicate the block valve and socket electrical panels otherworldly, prigorodnogo, targetvolume control Toksovo connected to the first through the side of the machine "Landia", on both the outboard Floryan, popolato based steel Saraburi manapragada ropes of her corset on parameterically of optotypes, then freely transit missed through the parallel prodelin the e Shirokogorov diametrically opposite dvuhrastrubnoy holes of optotypes, the neckline and centering stereociliary concentric on Belorukov in the polymer composition of optotypes reference, different height hydropro-reversal from 0 to ±90°, careerstats are located on the same level with specific pornoparty center of gravity and sail, on which hinged block concentric with the longitudinal diametrically opposite proinammatory supporting the wings of optotypes carrying apropraite sibling pair of sharobaro manapragada ropes of the bearing ring of each corset Belorukov.

On settling process the casting section, complete (reclaimed machine "Landia" agricultural land) are:

- do not turn off from public use limit, the transverse swing of precrash square and rope-road track longitudinally-related technological zahvatki;

- ground angarolenskaya machine "Landia" U-shaped in plan with the height of the turf-covered embankment up to seven meters with the length of the secondary (front) span 150 m, the length of the side (phlorotannin) spans 200 m, and drained to the bottom of the dispersed ringed shanks of hogaboom anchor for mooring propylene rope Gastropoda all onboard and phlorotannin reference coroaefacetas for the earthy sediment in response, the new shadow angelocracy machine "Landia";

- at the ends phlorotannin spans angelocracy constructed settling ground u amarakosha Podpolkovnik of torulaspora, with a height of dikes up to seven meters, the width of the entrance 6 m and the facing inner sides and bottom of concrete slabs, equipped with anchor-mooring iron hinges.

Figure 1 in the main view and the top view of figure 2 and figure 3 on moved the form to the right shows the Assembly drawing of the universal wide-themoelectric, coroaefacetas, rope-road, eleftheriou having two outboard flexible flank support-careerstats mounting, truboelektrosvarochnyh Belorukov from paired in transverse alignment with the settling process hook hydropneumoautomation mortar wells airlifts and electrocatalysis-mobile Podpolkovnik, bunk, vodorodovozdushnoi-ballast targetcontrol, irrigation-fertilizer machine "Landia", in statistical equilibrium at a height of 50 m above the middle of the settling process phases of the reclaimed land.

Machine "Landia has onboard podapolipidae the pipeline 1, complete combined pneumovirinae irrigation-fertilizer units 2, reinforced composite, rack, wire, unto the Oh snap 3, based on the on-Board terminal 4 paired and intermediate 5 single coroaefacetas equipped with rope Gastropoda 6 and resting on the rope-road track 7, antropologie rope 8, which are (on the front end of technological zahvatki 9) end stops 10 for on-Board reverse perkljuchatelej. the free ends of the ropes 8 anchored by jogabonito 11. Side podapolipidae pipeline 1 has two outboard end integrated mounting tube and conductive Belorukov 12, based on the different height coroaefacetas 13 and connected to the ring to odoulov electric, hydrogen, air ballast systems of Contronic mortar wells airlifts 14 and torulaspora 15 carrying mutually casinodelrio control panels 16 machine "Landia".

On settling process the casting section, complete 9 has a U-shaped dirt, angarolenskaya 17 of the machine. "Lendia equipped dispersed throughout the length of the drained bottom of the mooring anchor hogaboam 11, and also has two ground u, amarakosa 18 Podpolkovnik of torulaspora 15.

In figure 1, 2, 3 shows the average position (b) machine "Landia" in statistical equilibrium at a height of 50 m above the settling process of the casting section, complete 9 and end positions (a and b) and p mundane the situation (g) in angebotsende 17 and (d) reroof.

Figure 4 in a vertical half section and provide presents Assembly drawing of amarakosha 18 and settling torulaspora 15, having a disk upper deck 19 of the conical tower 20 remote control 16 "of Lenalee". Conical tower 20 torulaspora 15 is fixed vertically in the center of the disk of the lower deck 21 having a bottom perimeter four eccentric rotary plugs spherocyte 22, and in the cavity of the tower 20 is the main shunting vodorodovozdushnoi-ballast (arletty) and targetvolume block valve 23, and electrorotation panel 24 of the remote control 16 machine "Landia".

On the top - and nienaruszonym cross spaceplane 25 rims 26 fixed 27 hydrogen and air ballast 28 (hypoxic vozduhoplovite) torkamani having alternately, between the outer ring 29 and nutrena 30 polymer film troublesome. the air pressure buffer tiered nesoobschaemost shirt 31,0, alternately fill or bleed to atmosphere through the block valve 23.

Hydrogen forocalera 27 torulaspora 15 in the cavity of the air-buffer shirts 31 has a third protective resonableness barometric toolblock 32.

At the top of the conical tower 20 podpolnogo of torulaspora 15 fixed block avianation signal lights 33 and constantly grounded Kalniete is 34.

Figure 5, 6 on the main view in vertical section and side view (left) 6 with digging and precipices shows the Assembly drawing Board, limit, paired, vodorodoemkih, air-ballast support coroaefacetas 4 fixed motionless their oboudostoronne 35 on the end of a constructive link 39 onboard moduleprovider pipe 1, and also shows the different height coroaefacetas 13 articulated suspended on top span Belorukov 12.

On oblastwise 35 fixed outer polymer toolblock 36, having an outside bearing nylon prografichena grounded grid. Inside toolblock 36 in its air-ballast tropoelastin 37 is fixed coaxially five different-sized polymer-film hydrogen torkamani 38.

On the outer end of the structural link 39 is fixed klucovy the housing 40 of the mechanism of movement of the machine "Landia" (in the unit with a drive, reversible motor 41 DC power of 1 KW at a voltage of 28 Volts, having a mass of 1 kg).

In Cluses 42 between travojadnymi rope-road roller 43 is sandwiched airborne road, anchor-way rope 8.

The bottom of the cavity structural element 39 is fixed hinge on hard-thrust bearing end 44 of the pendulum elbow 45, wound in the annular seal cavity 46 onboard odoulov Bogashevo pipeline 1.

On the steel seat salacinol axis 47 of the pendulum elbows 45 pivotally suspended two clamp 48 on the bearings of the two parallel bearing steel manapragada ropes of the ring 49 corset 50 Belorukov 12 (shown partially with a polymer protective obantoko 51), pivotally supported through a diametrically opposite pair Saraburi 72 ropes of the ring corset 50 to parameterically of aboutother 52 different height careerstats 13.

In flexible communication structure Belorukov 12 includes:

- vodopronitsaema pipe 53 connected to the side of the pendulum elbow 45;

the hydrogen tube 54 connected to the onboard hydrogen staterepresentative collector 55, communicating in parallel with hydrogen torkamani 38 all on-Board reference coroaefacetas 45;

- air-ballast tube 56 is connected with the onboard air-ballast staterepresentative collector 57, with air-ballast taraboletti 37 all on-Board reference coroaefacetas 45;

- electrically conductive circuit 58 is connected to the electrical terminal contact panel 59.

Side podapolipidae pipeline 1 equipped pneumovirinae irrigation-fertilizer units 2 and four spiral strain gauge strings 60 protection system, and a combined rack and wire the antova snap 3, which paired spacers 61 lower diverging at an angle of 90* are onboard spike landing gear 62. On the top of vertical posts with bolts 63 64 fixed blocks of air navigation signal lights 65 and permanently grounded lightning rods 66.

On oblastwise 52 different height reference careerstats 13 is fixed is twocovering polymer airborne hydrogen forocalera 67, having on the outer polymer film TrioBrake 68 bearing prografichena permanently grounded nylon mesh 69 and polymer radial finger landing gear 70. The cavity 71 68 between the outer and inner 67 vodorodozapravki polymer film troublesome filled with oxygen-depleted air cushioning air - shirt.

In the hole of optotypes 52 Belorukov hinge 12 is fixed celeno sliding stereochemical 73. Optotypes 52 hinge mounted parameterically on sharobaro 72 ropes of the ring 49 corset 50, and the bottom has wasteway, rope hitrap 74 different height reference careerstats 13.

7 on the main view in section, and on the left pig with digging and precipices presents Assembly drawing similar side intermediate vodorodnogo, air-ballast support careerstats 5, mounted stationary on raleway, diametrically split, remote obtectomera 75 with rubber friction rings 76 on the middle of the six-meter intermediate 77 onboard moduleprovider tubing 1 (enhanced combined post-and-wire cable snap-in 3)carrying side staterepresentative 55 hydrogen and air ballast 57 collectors, side conductive circuit 58, spiral strain gauge strings 60 system side protection, and on a twelve perforated links 78 - sprinkler-fertilizer apparatus 2.

At the ends of duralumin distance of optotypes 75 fixed with spacers 61 spike landing gear 62, vertical rods 63 are connected by a bolt 64, the bearing blocks air navigation signal lights 65 and permanently grounded lightning rods 66, and end lugs 79 distance of optotypes 75 tied slings 80 with spacer 81 rope hitrap 6 onboard intermediate support careerstats 5, having on the outer polymeric TrioBrake 82 bearing nylon, prografichena permanently grounded grid 83, and inside the air-ballast tropoelastin 84 five different-sized, polymer film, coaxial, hydrogen torokman 85.

Figure 9, on the main form and provide on the left of figure 10 in a vertically longitudinal and transverse cross-section of the Assembly h is RTI left, stainless, pneumovirinae, combined, irrigation-fertilizer unit 2, consisting of an upper sprinkler cavity 86, provided with a hinged. hydroaerohydrodynamic valve 87, gulirovanie molded rubber 88 embedded tightly in the upper rectangular perforation 89 twelve tubular element 78 onboard moduleprovider pipeline 1 (Fig 1, 2, 5, 7). Valve 87 having an outer locking the adjusting lever 90 with the latch 91 on the sector 92 forms and overlays two symmetrical diverging upwards profiled, vodoprivrednih channel 93 opening in the deflector stereorelease 94.

Lower fertilizer cavity 95 sprinkler-fertilizer apparatus 2 equipped with a pin-jointed, of a rotary vane valve 96 with directorym visor 97, gumerovna molded rubber 98, tight around the bottom of the rectangular perforation 99, which is recessed valve 96 having an outer locking-adjusting the handle 100 with the latch 101 in sector 102, which together with the deflector visor 97 forms and overlaps poljoprivredni bell channel 103 downward with lateral sector fixed and grassroots roletocn, moving together with a couple of divider 104 of the handle 100, the deflector bars 105.

Figure 11 on the main view is in vertical section and on provide top pig presents Assembly drawing of reinforced concrete mortar pit airlift 14 and planned fragment podpolnogo, prigorodnogo of torulaspora 15.

Paired mortar wells airlifts 14 each technological hook reclaimed land in parallel hydroelectroimpulsive on underground distribution communications from the irrigation pump and compressor stations.

On vnutrikolonial water input 106 11 includes manual 107 and 108 electrically driven locking and releasing the valve, reactive concrete fence 109 water tribe 110, which is fixed vertically gluconatesee, permanently water-filled stainless, watapuluwa, mortar camera 111 hydrant 112 airlift 113. In the side wall of the chamber 111 radially embedded three odinakovye stainless gluconatesee inclined sluttier 114 fertilizers. Sluttier 114 are at the bottom of the openings 115 manual metering valve 116, and the upper openings 117 (vnutrikorovogo, stainless steel hopper 118 fertilizers)are similar to manual, the boot of the valve 119.

On vnutrikolonial air-conducting input 120 includes manual 121 and 122 electrically driven locking and releasing, valves, after which vnutrirodovoe stationary tubular pneumaticly 123 in sluttery 114, and vnutrirodovoe portable hose pneumaticly 124 to unecological block valve 23 Fig set neprirodzene, populetum targetvolume 15 Fig. From block valve 23 into the mortar pit airlift 14 also each process laid casting section, complete (reverse) portable pneumogram 125 11 working air airlift 113 11.

Nutricology conductive single-phase input 126 11 with a voltage of 220 V is connected to vnutrikolonial integrated power panel 127, which displays the transformed voltage 28 VDC to vnutrikolonial exhaust fan 128 to nutricology lamps 129, to nutricology motorized locking and releasing valves 108, 122.

Portable nutricology the cable 130 Fig from the electrical panel 127 11 with a voltage of 28 VDC (on each of the next casting section, complete) in conjunction with a portable 124 direct and inverse 125 11 vnutrikotlovyye rubberized air hose in the General sheaf with conductive tubular and communications Belorukov 12 Fig (errorno anchored parallel to the bearing mariarosaria cords 49 11 ring corset 50 Fig for steel ring grounded base 131 11 conductive laptop, polymer, curved Clusaz 13-2 in the lid 133 11, 12 mortar pit airlift 14, then corsets 50, passing through the neck Clusaz 132 into the well of airlift 14, where otvet is built from the composition Belorukov 12 vodopronitsaema pipe 53 11 is connected with a hydrant 112 airlift 113), and the sheaf phlorotannin and nutricology portable tube and electrically conductive (including emergency from forklifts) communications output via the recess 134 Fig from the well of airlift 14 is placed over the lower deck 21 prigorodnogo podpolnogo of torulaspora 15, which are connected to the respective fittings trekhpotochnogo vodorodovozdushnoi-ballast block valve 23 Fig vnutrikotlovyye 124 direct and inverse 125 11 the air hose, 54 hydrogen and air ballast 56 Fig tube Belorukov 12.

There on the lower deck 21 in panel electrorotation panel 24 Fig made from verhnesadovogo control panel 16 of the machine "Landia", respectively, are connected elektrowerke portable vnutrikorovogo cable 130 Fig under voltage 28 VDC and floracare conductive paths 98 containing mespotamia akavya connection.

On Fig on the main view in vertical section with a pulling presents Assembly drawing shatterproof broken in the unhardened concrete 135 geogarphy 31, with nylon rope shank 136 with steel tie ring 137.

On Fig on the main view in vertical section with tear-out, and in the top view Fig with a pulling and breakage and side view (left) Fig with profile cut and break the drawing of t-o the different angelocracy 17 with the earthy in her side promstyle landing gear 62 (planted together with her vozdushnogo, Internaitonal, dvuhserijnoj track 7, then moored side rope Gastropoda 6 rings 137 shank 136 hogaboom 11.

Belorukov 12 presenlty shipovymi landing gear 70 different height reference coroaefacetas 13 and moored wastewise rope Gastropoda 74 for ringed shanks 136 hogaboom 11.

Machine "Landia" complete with rope-road track 7 and both the side end Palookaville 12 is preseminal (dry) moored sludge in angebotsende 17 (figure 1, position "g", Fig, 15, 16.

Issued to outfit the waterer and his assistant to make with rail cars "Landia" granular mineral or organic fertilizers, which are loaded vnutrikotlovyye bunkers fertilizers 118 (11) and two lock chambers 114 coupled wells airlifts 14 all process sections of the reclaimed land.

Weather - wind weak alternating direction, in the second half of the day in some places the rain and thunderstorms.

Begin to fertilize the area of the settling process of the hook 9 (1, 2).

Both Podpolkovnik of torulaspora 15 bred by electrocare tug of his amarakosha 18 (Fig 3, 2) and is installed in position in transverse alignment with the paired mortar wells airlifts 14 settling technological hook 9.

Irrigators bypass when amlendu machine "Landia", examining Board reference coroaefacetas 4, 5, which is of indifferent equilibrium in the space under the specific (dry) side loading and side vazduhoplovstvo and their carrying amount, hydrogen (onboard stock splavnoj force) is equally in hydrogen forocalera 27 both Podpolkovnik of torulaspora 15.

Look around and floracare different height reference coroaefacetas 13 (Fig, 16)having preseminal state reserve splavnoj strength after drying phlorotannin vodopodgotovitelnih pipe 53 (5, 12) back sluttier 114 sweetorange mortar pit airlift 14 and under specific workload floracare different height reference coroaefacetas 13 are indifferent equilibrium in space.

Irrigators begin to connect the tube and connect the conductive portable communication Belorukov 12 to sweetenham mortar wells airlifts 14 and Prigorodniy populetum targetposition 15 settling technological hook 9.

The free lower ends of the membership of both of Belorukov 12, placed on settling period in the hole conductive laptop, polymer, curved Clusaz 132 in the pit cover airlift 14 (11, 12), retrieved on the cover 133, and in the vacant hole in the lid is inserted and fastened portable polymer curved Cluses 32. Then through the mouth of Cluses 132 irrigators pass into the well of airlift 14 communication composition Belorukov 12, with the end of the length of 4-5 m ring corset 50.

Both parallelness, mariarosaria cables 49 corset hinge 50 with tightness connected with eyelets steel ring ground plane 131 conductive curved Clusaz 132.

In both preparing for simultaneous mortar wells airlifts 14 settling technological hook 9 on the composition of Belorukov 12 branches off moduledependency pipe 53 and is attached to the hydrant 112 airlift 113.

Nutricology portable pneumogram 125 for supplying compressed working air to the airlift 113 and nutricology portable pneumogram 124 from vnutrikorovogo stationary pneumatically 123 in nutricology portable electric cable 130 (voltage 28 VDC from vnutrikorovogo integrated electrical panel 127) are combined by irrigators in General sweepingly portable sheaf communications with the rest of the tube and electrically conductive composition communications Belorukov 12, then jointly counter electrochrome cable displays them through the recess 134 of the cavity mortar pit airlift 14 and is placed on the lower deck 21 (figure 4) prigorodnogo podpolnogo toregas is older 15, where tubular communication portable sheaf connected with irrigators to the fittings of the upper, middle and lower cavity electrically driven, odnorangovogo (pnevmaticheskogo on each process from the casting section, complete it vnutrikorovogo stationary pneumatically 123) podpolnogo, the main five combined (targetcontroltype), vodorodovozdushnoi-ballast inrush block valve 23 (figure 4), which processes spiliopoulos machine "Landia" simultaneously operate all three ganopolski for performing zamonotowano redirection onboard carrying hydrogen and ballast oxygen-depleted air through the corresponding torkamani sleepingbag, prigorodnogo, podpolnogo of torulaspora 15 (4, 12). In the process of spiliopoulos machine "Landia" block valve 23 blocks the access of the compressed working air to the airlift 113 (11). Tube block valve 23 has three levels cross through gazoperepusknoj window, which (according to the position of the block valve) are aligned with the fittings on the case.

The fittings of the upper cavity block valve 23 is permanently attached tube from hydrogen 27 (figure 4) torkamani sleepingbag of torulaspora 15 and before working on each process casting section, complete the irrigators connect the hydrogen tube 54 (figure 5) Belorukov 12.

By fitting the average cavity block valve 23 is permanently attached air bypass tube of the air-buffer shirts 31,0 (figure 4) 27 hydrogen and air ballast 28 torokman of torulaspora 15 and before working on each process the casting section, complete the irrigators connect portable vnutrikotlovyye 124 (Fig, 11) (vnutrikorovogo stationary pneumatically 123) and reverse 125 (compressed working air airlift 113) air hose.

The fittings of the lower cavity block valve 23 is permanently attached tube from the air ballast 28 (figure 4) torkamani sleepingbag of torulaspora 15 and before working on each process casting section, complete the irrigators ducted air-ballast tube 56 (figure 5) Belorukov 12.

Nutricology portable electric cable 130 (11, 12) (under operating and emergency electroceram voltage 28 VDC from vnutrikorovogo integrated electrical panel 127) together with Palookaville conductive circuits 98 irrigators plug before working on each process to the casting section, complete electrorotation panel 24 (Fig) sleepingbag control panel 16 of the machine "Landia".

Further preparation machine "Landia" the ascent (to make its Board of granular, since settling technological hook 9 (2), then turn on the rest of longitudinally-related technological phases of the reclaimed land has been held by irrigators in the following order:

- all dvadtsatiletnej onboard irrigation-fertilizer apparatus 2 (Fig.9, 10) close the upper perforation thislocal 87 with its outer locking regulirovanie arm 90 with the latch 91 on the sector 92;

from the middle to the ends of the side moduleprovider pipeline 1 (Fig 1) on each of the twelve right-wing airborne irrigation-fertilizer apparatus 2 (Fig.9, 10) mirrored levoflangovtsy open (equal to consumption) deflector visor 97 rotary vane dampers 96 above the bottom perforations 99 with external shut-off and adjustable arm 100 with the latch 101 in sector 102.

During this training, each side of the sprinkler-fertilizer apparatus 2 is configured for the same consumption of fertilizer hydropulper from sleepingbag mortar pit airlift 14 (1, 2, 3).

- both onboard the mechanisms of movement of the machine "Landia"concluded at the end kluczowych buildings 40 (figure 5) variable speed drive motors 41, sets the movement speed of the machine "Landia" rope-road track 7 (1) up to 20 meters per minute (fertilizer);

- ask the driver irrigation pump-KOMPRESSOR station irrigated area irrigation water compressed working air phase of electroprecizia;

- found on the relevant inputs 106, 120, 126 (11, 12) both mortar wells airlifts 14 (1, 2, 3, and 11, 12) settling technological hook 9 the presence of water pressure, air pressure and phase voltage watering Lisicki Tsvetovat in angebotsende 17 (2, 3, 14, 15, 16) machine "Landia". Portable vnutrikolonial the cable 130 (Fig) from vnutrikorovogo switchboard 127 voltage 28 VDC served on the Board electrorotation panel 24 (figure 4), you get a voltage 28 VDC everything onboard, vnutrikotlovyye and targetvolume inverters;

with one of the mutually casinogamblingweb targetvolume, Prigorodniy control panels 16 (1, 2, 3, 12) of the machine "Landia is a push-button switch on the side and targetvolume blocks air navigation signal lights 65, 33 (figure 5, 6, 7, 8) from the second mutually casinodelrio control panel 16 is fed push-button switch on nutricology electric energy converters (closed on tap inputs 106 both wells airlift 14 (11) manual shut-off releasing the latches 107, and the air-conducting inputs 120 manual locking and releasing the latches 121, both block valve 23 (4, 12) Podpolkovnik targetcontrol 15 placed on the position of the stop block of the crane.

With good visibility, electroprecizia on Board and tohousehold blocks air navigation signal lights 65, 33 (4, 5, 6, 7, 8) is turned off.

On air-conducting inputs 120 (11) open manual shut-off releasing zadig and 121.

From any of the remote control 16 is fed push-button command both block valves 23 to transfer them to the position of "Ascent"and the first waterer with binoculars at the control panel 16, which filed the command to "come up" machine "Landia", and the second waterer, communicating with the first is with binoculars under a pop-up machine "Landia".

With momentumthe button command to "come up" through the block valves 23 began to be served compressed buffer air in the air-buffer shirt 31 (figure 4) hydrogen torkamani 27 both Podpolkovnik of torulaspora 15. At the same time through the block valves 23 is released into the atmosphere the air-buffer shirt 0 airborne ballast torkamani 28 both Podpolkovnik of torulaspora 15 (1, 2, 3).

Due to the excessive pressure of the buffer air plastic shell hydrogen torkamani 27 (figure 4) it replaced the stock carrier on-Board hydrogen through block valve 23 for the hydrogen tube 54 (figure 5) Belorukov 12 (1, 2, 3) on-Board staterepresentative hydrogen manifold 55 (5, 7), which through fittings carrying hydrogen in parallel flows in different size, polymer-film hydrogen torkamani 38 (figure 5) and 85 (7) all on-Board reference careerstats 4,5 (1, 2, 3).

Simultaneously released into the atmosphere through the block valve 23 of the air-buffer shirt 0 airborne ballast is th torkamani 28 (figure 4) allows the plastic forocalera 28 through block valve 23 without back pressure to take onboard vodokanals (oxygen-depleted air), flowing through the air-ballast tube 56 (figure 5) Belorukov 12 (1, 2, 3) from on-Board staterepresentative air-ballast manifold 57 (5, 7) connected in parallel fittings with air ballast cavities 37 (figure 5) and 84 (7) all on-Board reference coroaefacetas 4, 5 (1, 2, 3) in which the carrying amount of hydrogen is uniformly increased, and the volume of air ballast is reduced. Machine "Landia" takes stock of splavnoj force, begins the ascent together with rope-road track 7 (1, 3, 12). Ascent drained the machine "Landia" is considered complete after the uniform tension of the rope-road Colley 7.

Surfacing machine "Landia" to a height of 50 meters was completed, after which any of mutually casinogamblingweb control panels 16(1, 2, 5) is a push-button command on synchronous "including" both side, reverse traction motors 41 (figure 5, 6) for the drive mechanisms powerimage movement enclosed in side flank Clutterbuck 40 (figure 5, 6) When this machine "Landia" starts a test of the frontal translational movement on the rope-road track 7 (1, 2, 3) in the direction of the nearest pair of front-rear end stops 10 (1, 2, 3) rope-dorogoi gauge 7 and at the moment of contact in the lugs 10 keys both reverse switches onboard t the debt of the electric motor 41 (figure 5, 6), stopping the machine "Landia" starts to move in the opposite direction, but it stop button on the command from any remote control 169 (Fig 1, 2. 3).

In both mortar wells airlifts 14 (1, 2, 3, 11) on the water inlet open manual shut-off releasing the valve 107.

Then push the team "the airlift" from the control panel 16 (Fig 1, 2, 3) both flanking populifolia block valves 23 (Fig) synchronously transferred to the position of "work", thus both block valves 23 receives the compressed working air airlift 113 (11) Each airlift 113 (11) during test run begins to apply irrigation water through the hydrant 112 (11) vodopronitsaemoy pipe 53 (5, 11) via the pendulum elbow 45 in the side podapolipidae pipeline 1 (Fig 1, 2, 3) from which water is discharged into the atmosphere in the form of rain drops through the sprinkler-fertilizer apparatus 2 (Fig.9, 10) is prepared for fertilization.

When the sample water briefly hold maneuvers machine "Landia". So by alternating push-button commands with one, then with another remote control 16 (1, 2, 3) are performed maneuvers "stop machine", "reverse-machine", "driving", "start-machine - position (in) limit stops 10 (1, 2, 3) rope-road track 7 (1, 2, 3), where the machine stops and the button command l is the God of the remote control 16 (Fig 1. 2, 3) stop the airlift" both block valve 23 (4, 12) block compressed working air airlift 113 (11), which stop the water supply to the side of the machine "Landia".

Both waterer, staying in touch on the radio, go to priportovym wells airlifts 14 (1, 2, 3, 11) for uniform, gravity download through valve 119 (11) two parallel locks chambers 114 (11) granulated or fluid fertilizer from vnutrikorovogo hopper 118 (11).

The third airlock 114 (11) each mortar pit airlift 14 (1, 2, 3, 11) blank fertilizers and serves to reverse the drain of the on-Board moduleprovider pipeline 1 (Fig 1, 2, 3, 5, 7) and galerucinae moduledependency pipe 53 (figure 5) bypassed fertilizer of woodpulp through the hydrant 112 (11) and mortar camera 111 (11) with non-airlift 113 (11) and secured by hand locking and releasing the latch 107 (11).

Closing the boot valve 119 (11) and opening the metering valve 116 for gravity dispensing of fertilizer consumption (pneumogram from pneumatically 123 (11) into the mortar camera 111 (11) hydrant 112 (11) airlift 113 (11), which are dissolved and diluted with irrigation water from vnutrikorovogo water input 106 (11), open manual 107(11) and electrically driven 108 (11) valves, turning into hydropulper fertilizers.

Both irrigators are beyond the control panels 16 (1, 2, 3). With one of the remotes is served button command block valves 23 (Fig) "the airlift", both block valve synchronously transferred to the position of the "airlift" and received through the block valves compressed working air airlifts 113 (11) begins to lift (pumping) the fertilizer hydropulper of mortar cameras 111 (11), mortar wells airlifts 14 (1, 2, 11) via hydrants 112 (11) vodopronitsaemym pipes 23 (5, 11) of Belorukov 12 (1, 2, 3) counter through the end pendulum elbows 45 (figure 5) in the side podapolipidae pipeline 1 (Fig 1, 2, 5, 7), from which moving the fertilizer hydropulper passing partially captured ajar on the same consumption hydropulper sided scanning zabrali 97 (Fig.9, 10) lower perforations 99 (Fig.9, 10) and once on a rotating of a rotary vane valve 96 (Fig.9, 10) one-way irrigation-fertilizer apparatus 2 (7) the fertilizer hydropulper thrown down (passing the compressed air to the air lift and due to the energy of the continuous keywords. counter surges in the on-Board moduleprovider pipeline 1 (7) through socket channels 103 (figure 10) with sickle dividers 104 (Fig.9) closed bottom scanning gratings 05 (Fig.9) after which fragmented into droplets and uniformly dispersed in a cone drop in elastic atmosphere, where in the process of accelerated fall of the structure of the fertilizer rain improves.

The first drops of fertilizer rain reached the ground, with any control panel supplied keypad command car "Landia" "work in movement".

Speeds of up to 20 meters per minute "Landia" front starts to move the rope-road roller 43 (6) (both side, flanking end, synchronized mechanisms of movement) rope-road track 7 (1, 3, 3), issuing from the Board of the fertilizer rain.

After the middle of the settling process of the hook 9 (figure 2, 3 position b) with its cross-replacement mortar wells airlifts 14 (1, 2, 3) prirodzenie, electrocare, tow-Peredvizhniki, podrulevymi targetvolume 15 (1, 2, 3, 4, 12) machine "Landia" approaching the front-rear end reversing stops 10 (1, 2, 3 position (a) rope-road track 7 (1, 2, 3), then touches the stops 10 (2, 3) keys side reverse switches and automatically stops, continuing the sprinkler on the end perekrestim space and rope-road ruts, related technological hook, then serverservices begins Shuttle movement (ago), but this time with one remote control, one after another filed keypad commands "stop the machine", which is a machine "Lendia stops above the center area and the rope-road reroof another related technological hook, where reversed and reverse swing gives the norm of fertilizers.

Before technological landing machine "Landia on precrash the next technological capture (to go) produce a return flow (drainage) bypassed irrigation water from onboard moduleprovider pipeline 1 (Fig 1, 2, 5, 7) and from both phlorotannin vodopodgotovitelnih pipe 53 (figure 5) via hydrants 112, mortar camera 111 airlift 113 (11), through the metering valve 116 (11) in backup sluttier 114 (11) on proven technology the casting section, complete with closed motorized 108 (11), the locking and releasing the latches nutricology water inlets 106 (11).

Machine "Landia" drained, then any remote control 16 (1, 2, 3) is a push-button command "touchdown machine", which both block valve 23 (4, 12) on Podpolkovnik torulaspora 15 (1, 2, 3, 4, 12) synchronously transferred to the position of "landing machines resulting in each block valve 23 (4, 12) were connected: first, hydrogen forocalera 27 (4) each podpolnogo torulaspora 15 (1, 2, 3, 4, 12) and different-sized hydrogen torkamani 89 (figure 5) and 85 (7) all on-Board reference coroaefacetas 4, 5 (1, 2, 3), and secondly, became soamsawali air-ballast forocalera 28 (figure 4) each podpole is on torulaspora 15 (1, 2, 3, 4) with air-ballast cavities 38 (figure 5) and 84 (7) all on-Board reference coroaefacetas 4, 5 (1, 2, 3), thirdly, through both the block valve 23 (4, 12) began to be served compressed buffer air from vnutrikorovogo, hose portable pneumatically 124 (11) in the air-buffer shirt 0 (4) air-ballast torkamani 28 (figure 4) both Podpolkovnik, Prigorodniy of torulaspora 15 (1, 2, 3, 4, 12). At the same time through the block valves 23 (4, 12) released into the atmosphere the air-buffer shirt 31 (figure 4) hydrogen torkamani 27 (figure 4) both Podpolkovnik, Prigorodniy of torulaspora 15 (1, 2, 3,4).

Thus, due to excessive pressure in the air-buffer shirt 0 (4) air-ballast torkamani 28 (figure 4) both Podpolkovnik, Prigorodniy of torulaspora 15 (1, 2, 3, 4) vodokanals (oxygen-depleted air) began to be forced out through the block valve 23 (4, 12) at the air-ballast tube 56 (figure 5) Belorukov 12 (1, 2, 3) counter through mechanical fitting in side staterepresentative, air-ballast manifold 57 (5, 7), and in parallel, evenly spread vodokanals through starovilenky and fills the air ballast cavity 37 (7) all on-Board reference coroaefacetas 4, 5 (1, 2, 3), providing a buffer pressure on the walls of plastic, different-sized hydrogen torojima the 38 (figure 5) and 85 (7) all on-Board reference coroaefacetas 4, 5 (1, 2, 3), from which parallel, evenly displaced bearing hydrogen through Autonomous fittings in on-Board hydrogen staterepresentative collector 55 (5, 7), from which ousted hydrogen vrazbezhku the end fittings onboard hydrogen manifold 55 (5, 7) is adjudged to be in the hydrogen tube 54 (figure 5) each Belorukov 12 (1, 2, 3), from which through the block valve 23 (4, 12), which passes superseded by on-Board hydrogen in the hydrogen torokeru 27 (figure 4) torulaspora 15 (figure 4), not with the air-buffer back pressure (filling its onboard hydrogen), as its air-buffer shirt released into the atmosphere.

As a result of partial gadobutrol redirection borotovogo carrying hydrogen and air ballast both Prigorodniy Podpolkovnik of torulaspora 15 (figure 4) machine "Landia" lost stock splavnoj force, confirmed that the signal received from the sensor barometric toolblock 32 (figure 4) hydrogen torkamani 27 both Podpolkovnik of torulaspora 15 (1, 2, 3). Immediately upon command block valve 23 (4, 12) - "stop the unit-tap") terminated redirection onboard carrying hydrogen and ground targetvolume of vozduhoplovite. Both irrigators use hanging down to the ground priportovye end, side rope mitropa 6 (1, 2, 3) adjust the landing mash the us "Landia", which by inertia begins to decline (with the rope-road track 7 (1, 2, 3) and both end, drained anchor-treatmenttime Palookaville 12 (1, 2, 3)that have the same stock splavnoj forces and took the form of gentle arches). Finally, referring to spike landing gear 62 (figure 5, 6, 7, 8) reroof space and rope-road track (1, 2, 3) related technological hook machine "Landia" landing and immediately moored rope Gastropoda 6 (1, 2, 3) side terminal of the reference coroaefacetas 4 (1, 2, 5) in disorder for ringed shanks of hogaboom 11 (1, 2, 3) reroof rope-road track (1, 2, 3) both related technological sections. Then detaches the rope-road track 7 (1, 2, 3) waste settling technological hook 9 (2, 3) and instead of it in the end hawse 42 (figure 5, 6) in the clamp between the traction rope-road roller 43 (figure 5, 6) start each previously deployed and anchored on the side of the next technological hook antropologa rope 8 (1, 2, 3) of werecompletely rope-road tracks next adjacent technological phases of the reclaimed land.

Disconnected from the machine "Landia" and razocarovannaja rope-road track 7 (1, 2, 3) settling technological hook 9 (Fig.1, 2,3) powervote is wound on the driving drums, off prikladnoi, pneumocytes, rechargeable tow electrocare, to its subsequent deployment and anchoring with perekrestim on the side next the third process phases of the reclaimed land.

To complete the transition of the machine "Landia" on the next adjacent casting section, complete the irrigators busy that close shut-off releasing water manual valve 107 (11), manual air-conducting valves 121 (11) disable phase voltage 220 V integrated switchboards 127 (11) in both mortar wells airlifts 14 (1, 2, 3, 11) waste settling technological hook 9 (1, 2, 3).

Then disconnect from both block valves 23 (4, 12) both Podpolkovnik of torulaspora 15 (1, 2, 4, 12) portable tubular communication of Belorukov 12 (1, 2, 3) and mortar wells airlifts 1 (1, 2, 11, 12), and from both Podpolkovnik, electrorotation panels 24 (4, 12) disconnect the plug of electrically conductive communication of Belorukov 12 (1, 2, 3) and vnutrikorovogo electric cable under voltage 28 VDC from the complex electrical panel 127 (11, 12) and wound his on the accumulator drum prikladnoi electric cars.

Disabled sheaf portable phlorotannin and nutricology conductive tubular and communications dragged back through the recess 134 (Fig in the mortar pit airlift 14 (1, 2, 3, 11, 12) in which is cut off from the hydrant 112 (11, 12) airlift 113 (11, 12) Floryan, vodopronitsaemoy pipe 53 (5, 11, 12) then leave well vnutrikotlovyye portable communication and floracare portable tube and the conductive ends of the communication is extracted from the mortar pit airlift 14 (11, 12) through the mouth of a conductive curved Clusaz 132 (11, 12), then stack on marching to the lower deck 21 (figure 4) torulaspora 15 (1, 2, 3, 4).

Conductive curved Cluses 132 (11, 12) is cut off from its grounded Foundation in the lid 133 well airlift 14 (1, 2, 3, 11, 12) and also placed on marching to the lower deck 21 (figure 4) torulaspora 15 (1, 2, 3, 4).

Finally, disconnected alternately both mariarosaria cables 49 (5, 11, 12) ring corset 50 (figure 5, 6) Belorukov 12 (1, 2, 3) from the eyes of a grounded annular base 131 (11, 12) conductive curved Clusaz 132 (11, 12) and one at camp hinge attach them for towing lugs on the upper deck 19 (figure 4) torulaspora 15 (1, 2, 3, 4). Then close all hatches, embrasures, neck covers 133 (Fig 1, 2, 3, 11, 12) both mortar wells airlifts 14 (1, 2, 3, 11, 12) waste settling technological hook 9 (1, 2, 3).

Finally, alternately, at one time electrocare, each of popolitov the th torulaspora 15 (1, 2, 3, 4), together with kardum permanently attached to the earthy machine flanking valoracion 12 (1, 2, 3, 5, 6) is taken in tow pneumatic, battery electrocare and transported to the mortar pit airlift another, related technological phases of the reclaimed land, which will be held popularity above the volume of the connecting works to make with rail cars "Landia"introduced earlier towing, pneumatolysis, battery electrocare fertilizers.

Under sprinkler irrigation with rail cars "Lendia to her side podapolipidae pipeline 1 (Fig 1, 2, 5, 7) with twenty-four irrigation-fertilizer apparatus 2 (5, 7, 9, 10) to close the lower perforations 99 (Fig.9, 10) butterfly valves 96 (Fig.9, 10) with scanning visor 97 (Fig.9, 10) using their external shut-off and regulating arms 90 (Fig.9. 10) with the latch 91 (Fig.9, 10) at sector 92 (Fig.9, 10)

At the same time to get the rain you need from the middle to the ends of the side moduleprovider pipeline 1 (Fig 1, 2, 5, 7) on each of the 12 one-way onboard irrigation-fertilizer apparatus 2 (5, 9, 10) mirror-symmetrically from the middle of the Board moduletemplate pipeline to open hydroaerohydrodynamic valve 87 (figure 5. 7, 9, 10) of the upper perforations 89 (Fig.9, 10) at the same flow rate of irrigation water use by the external shut-off and control arms 90 (figure 5, 7, 9, 10) with stoppers 91 (Fig.9, 10) on the sectors 92 (Fig.9, 10), set the speed of the Shuttle movement of the machine.

Under sprinkler irrigation with rail cars "Landia" sluttery 114 (11) mortar wells airlifts 14 (1, 2, 3, 11, 12) are used for backflow bypassed irrigation water before each landing machine "Landia".

Wide dagdevirenoglus front steps machine, including fixed on it hydrants airlifts two parallel electropneumatically wells closed irrigation system, located on the edges of the reclaimed area, characterized in that it has onboard, corrosion, consisting of alternating six-meter, a diameter of 130 mm and a twelve tube, antirust links stopyatidesyatiletny, duralumin podapolipidae pipeline with a diameter of 80 mm, which from the middle of the machine in the direction to the two flanks, the perforations of all twelve links fixed unilateral, combined corrosion dagdevirenoglus apparatus and at the free ends of both links is rigidly fixed themoelectric voltage 28 VDC derevoznachenie air move the machine from above-ground Variotronic track, equipped with integral reverser the sponding stops and the free ends of both ropes at Colley connected with hogaboam, while in the middle of the six units onboard moduleprovider pipe is rigidly fixed by means of optotypes hydrogen vodosnabezhnie intermediate, and at the ends of both links of the paired side support coroaefacetas, while the entire length of the side moduleprovider pipeline in the axils of both airborne polymer tube with a diameter of 40 mm hydrogen and vostokelectro collectors placed side conductive and protective strengthenamerica paths, laid around, and the links side corrosion stoechadifolia cable snap-in that contains vertical duralumin frame rack with constantly grounded lightning rods and blocks air navigation signal lights, and underneath 90° to the onboard pipe rack landing gear, in pairs secured to the lugs of the hub with all sides of the intermediate side support coroaefacetas near the tethers sling their rope gastropod, and similar landing gear onboard paired reference coroaefacetas pairs reserved for terminal lugs terminal structural units in the cavities which, between the paired side support careeracademy with rope ha the trails, hinged tubular podapolipidae connecting pendulum knee Board moduleprovider pipeline, in addition, in a constructive links placed together end connection fittings onboard hydrogen and vostokelectro collectors, connected along their length with the respective taraboletti all on-Board reference coroaefacetas and the electric contact panel side conductive and protective strengthenamerica circuits, which together with the tubular elements are connected with sagging with the upper ends of the tube and electrically conductive elastic telecommunications, operatorhealth mounting of Belorukov, pivotally suspended from the bearing mariarosaria cords of his outer ring on the steel corset on a two-axis pendulum knee and along the length of the hinge resting on the hub of different height coroaefacetas concluded similarly onboard constantly in grounded bearing nylon prografichena the net, and supplied on a generatrix of the outer toolblock shipovymi landing gear and bottom hubs rope Gastropoda length, providing for various positions Belorukov in the air adjusting its position without disassembly conductive, permanently stretched swivel say aprovada ropes of the ring corset and eyes of steel ground plane of the portable curved Clusaz, which is installed in the concrete cover of mortar pit of the airlift in mouth curved Clusaz instituted without the brace the lower ends of telecommunication composition Belorukov, from which branched inside the well of the airlift vodopronitsaema pipe connected with nutricology corrosion-resistant hydrant airlift, having a bottom permanently water-filled anti-corrosion mortar camera with corrosion-resistant vnutrikotlovyye radially-inclined slutscameron fertilizer, and hydrogen and vozdushnaya tube and conductive paths together with vnutrikotlovyye portable direct and reverse air hose and electric cable from vnutrikorovogo integrated power supply with a voltage of 28 VDC withdrawn through the embrasure from the well of airlift and attached to the fittings targetvolume and airlifting electrically driven five vodorodosoderzhashchego block-crane system splinebased and pneumonectomy installed in the center of the lower deck bunk torulaspora, on the upper deck which has a unit air navigation signal lights, constantly grounded lightning arrestor connected through targetvolume electrorotation panel to portable end phlorotannin and nutricology of electrop the water circuits of the push-button remote control dagdevirenoglus machine, which has a dirt trench with hogaboam and two bucket targetcontrol.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, self-propelled multitower sprinkling machines adapted for intake of water from pressure pipelines.

SUBSTANCE: self-propelled reversing cart has frame with pair of carrier wheels and brakes, hydraulic drive cylinder equipped with piston and connected with distributing unit through distributing valve and regulating valve connected to two-way synchronization mechanism, forward and backward stroke tips mounted on pushers of front and rear wheels and cooperating with ground-engaging means, additional distributing valve located in feeding line of hydraulic cylinder lower cavity and adapted for providing alternative communication of said cavity with pipeline of sprinkling machine and atmosphere. Water is fed simultaneously into main and additional distributing valves from pressure pipeline by means of T-pipe. Piston is furnished with two collars having thrust washers arranged at both sides in opposite orientation with respect to one another and located for sliding on upper part of hydraulic cylinder stem, said sliding motion being restricted in lower position by rib and in upper position by tightening nut. Hydraulic cylinder stem has sealing member positioned in lower part of hydraulic cylinder casing. Stem 7 of distributing valve and stem 24 of additional distributing valve are joined with their lower parts through threaded connection by means of bushing. Ground-engaging means is made in the form of hollow square with oval-shaped working surfaces engageable with forward and backward stroke tips arranged at left-hand and right-hand sides of pushers in the vicinity of their leading end and connected therewith through pivot joints, which are fixed at forward and backward stroke by means of front and rear splints.

EFFECT: increased efficiency by reducing power consumed for conversion of machine motion from forward stroke to backward stroke.

3 dwg

Sprinkler machine // 2282351

FIELD: sprinkling equipment.

SUBSTANCE: each tower of sprinkler machine is fixed on satellite rigidly coupled to activator, which is actuated for motion by means of two hydraulic cylinders, with one of said hydraulic cylinders being rigidly connected to frame and other hydraulic cylinder being connected pivotally. During operation, hydraulic cylinders are offset with respect to one another.

EFFECT: increased efficiency by reducing disadvantageous effects upon soil.

3 dwg

Sprinkling machine // 2278507

FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, equipment for sprinkler irrigation of farm crops.

SUBSTANCE: sprinkling machine is adapted for mounting on tractor frame and is equipped with pumping plant, central column, pipelines and mechanisms for changing inclination angle of pipelines relative to horizontal plane. Pumping plant has water intake float valve and is hydraulically communicated with pipelines through flexible members. Pipelines are hung to central column through cable tension members. Pipelines are equipped with gun sprinkler units fixed on their free ends and short-range sprinkler units disposed lengthwise thereof. Mechanisms for changing pipeline inclination angles relative to horizontal plane are formed as power hydraulic cylinders mounted with their bases on central column, their stems being kinematically connected with ends of cable tension members. Gun sprinkler units and short-range sprinkler units are mounted on pipelines so as to keep unit casings in vertical position by means of counterweights. Counterweight body is positioned for rotation around horizontal axis on threaded pipe sleeve. One end of pipe sleeve is fixed by means of check nut in threaded part of nipple oriented in horizontal plane on pipeline. Cavity of pipe sleeve is closed at its other end with treaded stopper. Casing is positioned on outer surface of pipe sleeve between washers made from antifriction material. Washers are biased on said surface by means of flexible member, such as compression spring disposed between shaped washer and disk mounted in conjunction with check nut on free threaded end of pipe sleeve. Counterweight body cavity is adapted for filling with liquid ballast. Water used as liquid ballast is delivered through nipple radial openings. Casing cavity is hydraulically communicated with threaded receptacle for mounting threaded part, casing of gun sprinkler unit or casing of short-range sprinkler unit.

EFFECT: improved quality of sprinkling regardless of wind direction and speed in the process of sprinkling farm crops.

5 dwg

FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, irrigation equipment for farm crops.

SUBSTANCE: sprinkler unit has pumping plant, pipeline hung on tension members operating in upper and side directions. Pipeline consists of joined sections. Short distance jet and long distance jet sprinkler apparatuses are mounted on pipeline. Each of joined pipeline sections is additionally connected with upper and side tension members through closed cable run. One end of cable is inserted into conical opening of pipeline bracket. Other end of cable is mounted in blocking device for blocking said end of cable in fixed position. Blocking device for other end of cable is paired with U-shaped bracket of pipeline.

EFFECT: high quality of irrigation provided by means of sprinkler units located lengthwise of pipeline.

2 cl, 7 dwg

FIELD: agricultural irrigation systems.

SUBSTANCE: irrigation apparatus has immovable support and pipeline sections supported by self-propelled supports for synchronous movement and connected with each other. Pipeline sections are provided with sprinkler units mounted by means of T-shaped inserts between pipeline sections. Sprinkler units have increasing flow rates and irrigation radii with increasing discrete values from immovable support toward terminal sprinkler unit. Each of sprinkler units is joined to free end of T-shaped insert through set of diaphragms. Diaphragms are adapted for continuous altering of water flow effective section. Diaphragms have identical construction. Each of diaphragms is provided with opening offset to its peripheral edge.

EFFECT: enhanced reliability in operation, reduced irrigation erosion of soil owing to uniform distribution of precipitations and increased efficiency of movable irrigation apparatus.

2 cl, 4 dwg, 1 tbl

FIELD: agriculture, in particular, mechanization by furrow irrigation.

SUBSTANCE: multiple-tower irrigation pipeline comprises water supply pipe connected by means of connection and attachment units through sliding member to irrigation sweeps. Each unit for connection to water supply pipe and mechanism for attachment of irrigation sweep thereon during displacement are made separate. Guiding tie-rod for holding of irrigation sweep on sliding member is positioned on irrigation sweep immediately adjacent to respective unit for connection to water supply pipe. Sliding member is made in the form of detachable ring positioned on yoke with flanges. For employment of irrigation pipe on finely contoured plots, where employment of energetic drive cart is not useful, its water supply pipe with carrier wheels and irrigation sweeps is divided into individual sections and equipped with quickly detachable connection, and is further equipped in its mid portion with rigidly fixed shaft for displacement thereof on manual variation of positions.

EFFECT: simplified construction, enhanced reliability in operation and wider operational capabilities in irrigation of finely contoured plots.

2 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, irrigation equipment, more particular, continuous motion sprinkler machines for farms.

SUBSTANCE: girder has central panel with two cantilevers pivotally fixed thereon. Each of two cantilevers is made in the form of mutually perpendicular vertical and horizontal girders having belts, columns, angle braces and sprinkler heads on water supply girder. Pipelines on central panel and water supply girder are made in the form of curved circuit line in transverse-vertical plane of sprinkler unit. Circuit line equation is y=a/2(ex/a+e-x/a), where a is distance from surface of field to be irrigated to pipeline arranged in mid portion of central panel; e is Napierian base (Napierian number); x and y are abscissae and ordinates of unknown points of pipeline in Cartesian coordinates XOY, the beginning part of which is aligned with field surface and with vertical axis of symmetry of girdle.

EFFECT: enhanced reliability in operation and increased efficiency.

4 dwg

FIELD: agricultural engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to machines for mechanization of drop irrigation of crops. Proposed truss has upper and lower chords, central panel in form of regular pyramid with square base and left-hand and right-hand cantilevers mated with pyramid. Central panel has square base made of tubes with flanges for connecting lower chords and four suspensions orientated along ribs. Panel is provided with one post located on one of side faces along apothem of pyramid. Each cantilever consists of thirteen intermediate panel and one end panel. Each end panel is made up of two posts, one brace, two front and rear water tubes of lower chords, one upper chord, two tilted struts and two horizontal tension members. Two heads are fitted on each intermediate panel and end panel. End is made in form of guy-rope truss. It is mated with truss panel by brace and tilted posts. Ends of tilted posts are relative mated from top and bottom by horizontally orientated brace. Mated ends of tilted posts are orientated downwards and arranged lower than brace. Ends of front and rear water tubes in guy-rope part are relative mated by V-shaped water supply member with tube of truss guy-rope part. Panels of guy-rope part of truss are formed by posts and braces, tilted struts and tension members orientated in longitudinally vertical plane. water supply pipeline of guy0rope part is furnished with drain valve. Proposed truss provides 15-20% reduction of materials usage.

EFFECT: improved quality of sprinkling, facilitated servicing.

7 cl, 1 tbl, 53 dwg

FIELD: agricultural engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to machines for mechanization of drop sparkling of farm crop. Proposed truss includes central panel in form of regular pyramid with square base made of pipes with flanges for connecting bottom chords and four suspensions. Suspensions are orientated along ribs of pyramid and one post. Post is arranged in central panel on one of side faces along apothem. Left-hand and right-hand cantilevers are mated with central panel. Each cantilever consists of one end panel and thirteen intermediate panels. Each intermediate panel is made in form of two posts, one distance piece, front and rear water passing pipes of bottom chords, one upper chord, two inclined braces, two horizontal tension members and two short-range sprinkler heads. End panel is made in form of guy truss. End panel is mated with truss panel by means of distance piece and inclined braces whose mated ends are orientated downwards in cross vertical plane of truss and are located lower than distance piece. Ends of front and rear water passing pipes are connected with guy truss pipeline by V-shaped water passing member. Panels of guy truss are formed by posts and distance pieces, inclined braces and tension members vertically orientated in longitudinal vertical plane. Water passing pipeline of guy part of truss is furnished with drain cock. V-shaped water passing member consists of steel pipes of equal section equal to sections of front rear water passing pipes and pipe line of guy truss. One of pipes of V-shaped water passing member is sectional and provided with threaded sleeve. Sleeve is fitted on threaded bushings. Bushings are installed with displacement outwards from ends of pipes. Bushings are connected by closed girth welds with end sections of parts of pipes to be connected. Insert made of plastic, for instance, fluoroplastic, is mounted between end faces of sectional parts of pipes and in plane of threaded bushings. Inner section of insert is equal to sections of pipes of V-shaped water passing member. Proposed two-cantilever self-aligning truss for sprinkling machines provides uninterrupted delivery of sprinkling water to short range heads of intermediate panels and long-range heads on guy part of truss.

EFFECT: reduced materials usage, improved sprinkling.

9 dwg

FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, mechanized sprinkling irrigation with the use of rollable wheeled pipelines.

SUBSTANCE: sprinkler is made sectioned and is furnished with sprinkler heads, wheel-type supports, drive located in mid portion of central section, and section couplings. Each section has water supply pipeline manufactured from low-pressure polyethylene pipes sequentially connected through couplings. Water supply pipeline is placed in bearing part cavity defined by C-shaped bent bars. Bar ends are mutually connected through flanges. Bearing part is 11,720 mm long. Hub of each wheel-type support embraces bearing part. Sprinkler heads are connected with water supply pipeline through nipples interposed between strips of adjacent C-shaped bent bars of bearing part. Each wing connected with central section has overtime clutch.

EFFECT: prolonged service life and simplified construction of irrigation pipeline.

4 dwg

Sprinkler unit // 2246209

FIELD: irrigation equipment mounted on mobile sprinkler units for drop or fine-dispersion sprinkling systems.

SUBSTANCE: sprinkler unit has frame made in the form of three-dimensional construction comprising pipes mounted on vehicle equipped with pumping station and intake hose. Flexible water supply pipeline with sprinkler apparatuses is fixed on frame by means of cables. Water supply pipeline is made sectioned. Each section has segment and flanges connected with one another by means of carrier member made in the form of bent C-shaped profile or rolled part. Sections are connected with one another through adapter member made in the form of hollow spherical shell with disk arranged in meridian plane and with the help of fastening means. Adapter member is arranged in cavities at inlet end and at outlet end of adjacent segments of flexible water supply pipeline. Fastening means are made in the form of pins inserted into axially aligned openings of flanges and disks. Adapter member disk is connected through cable with frame of three-dimensional construction.

EFFECT: simplified construction, reduced metal usage, increased efficiency and improved distribution of artificial precipitation along flexible water supply pipeline.

3 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: agricultural irrigation equipment used in mobile sprinkler units.

SUBSTANCE: boom-type sprinkler unit has frame made in the form of three-dimensional construction composed of pipes and mounted on vehicle equipped with pumping unit. Flexible water pipeline with sprinkling apparatuses is secured on frame by means of cables. Flexible water pipeline is made sectioned. Each section has flexible pipeline segment positioned on carrier member made in the form of pair of longitudinal supports having bent C-shaped profile and flat rings at their end portions. Wide strips of pair of bent C-shaped profile are arranged at an angle to horizontal plane and perpendicular to one another. Said profiles define, in conjunction with rings, trough of carrier member. Adjacent carrier members are connected with one another by means of connecting parts through spacer bushings. One, two or three spacer bushings are made in the form of brackets for connecting cable ends to join with frame. Ends of flexible pipeline segments are mutually joined via transition portion made in the form of bushing. Ends of transition member have conical entrance portions. Annular portion formed on transition member surface is joined with ends of adjacent segments and pairs of yokes on their surface. Cable ends joining brackets are equipped with eye ring receiving slots and mounting openings. Diameter of carrier member rings exceeds outer diameter of transition member by 1.5-1.9 times.

EFFECT: simplified construction and increased efficiency.

4 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, sprinkler equipment for continuous sprinkling of plants on fields.

SUBSTANCE: sprinkler unit has drive part with two pivotally fixed girder booms. Girder has central panel, columns, struts and sprinkler heads arranged on water-feeding belt. Drive part is provided with supporting table and rotary plate. Supporting table is mounted on vertical wall of rear axle of drive part above centrifugal pump. Rotary plate is mounted on supporting table for rotation around shaft, which pivotally connects said plate with supporting table, said plate and table being additionally mutually connected by hydraulic rotational drive. Girder central panel is fixed on rotary plate by means of vertical shaft. Central panel is additionally coupled to rotary plate by means of hydraulic drive of turning mechanism. In operating and transport positions, weight of girder is distributed over surface of supporting table. Mechanisms for rotating of rotary plate and turning of girder central panel simplify movement of girder from operating position to transport position and vice versa.

EFFECT: simplified construction and enhanced reliability in operation.

3 dwg

FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, irrigation of farm crops by means of multitower front sprinkler machines.

SUBSTANCE: wheeled pipeline is made sectioned and is furnished with sprinkler heads, wheeled supports, drive arranged in mid portion of central section, and section coupling means. Pipeline sections have variable section reducing in direction of supplying of irrigation water. Each pipeline section coupling is made in the form of two concentric branch pipes positioned for rotation one with respect to another and for axial displacement. Outer branch pipe is connected with flanges of adjacent carrier members. Inner branch pipe is joined with ends of adjacent pipes of different sizes, said pipes being made from high-pressure polyethylene. Pipes are positioned in cavity of carrier member. Carrier member of each section is made in the form of pair of opposite bent C-shaped sections. Ends of C-shaped sections are joined to flanges. Mounting rings are positioned in mid portion of pairs and adapted for mounting of wheel support hub. Outer branch pipe of pipeline section coupling is made in the form of detachable pair of semi-circles, each being formed by packet of spacer bushings arranged in equally spaced relation between pair of arced belts. Inner branch pipe for connecting ends of pipes made from high-pressure polyethylene is made in the form of outer and inner threaded bushings, each provided with diametrically oriented slots for special wrench for joining with ends of pipes to be connected. Inner bushing has threaded part for screwing into end of pipe of smaller diameter. Ring is disposed on outer end perimeter of pipe of smaller diameter. Inner bushing has cylindrical part joined with inner cylindrical surface of pipe of larger diameter. Its conical part is joined with sawn-through parts at end of pipe of larger diameter. Inner surface of inner bushing is defined by two intersecting conical surfaces with single base of minimal diameter.

EFFECT: uniform distribution of precipitation in the form of rain drops over area under irrigation process owing to constant flow speed of irrigation water into pipeline cavities.

10 cl, 11 dwg

Sprinkler unit // 2248118

FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, sprinkling irrigation of farm crops.

SUBSTANCE: apparatus has supporting members made in the form of cables attached in cantilevered manner to frame top, and irrigation pipeline connected to vehicle through pumping unit. Irrigation pipeline is coupled to frame by means of carrier carcass. Irrigation pipeline and carrier carcass are made sectioned. Each carrier carcass section is defined by pair of C-shaped bent profiles with flat rings at their ends. Profiles are arranged at an angle to one another with their wide strips to define trough. Sections of flexible pipelines made from low-pressure polyethylene are laid on trough. Ends of pipelines are embraced with bands made in the form of steel bushings. Ends of pipelines are joined by means of adapter member. Input parts of connecting member are made conical. Each adapter member is formed as hollow screw with left-handed and right-handed conical threads on their outer surface. Mid portion of screw has disk for fixing irrigation pipeline sections in operating position in rings of carrier carcass by means of paired spacer bushings and attachment means. Disk of adapter member is equipped with group of openings used for assembling-dismantling works. Openings for connection to threaded ends of cables are made in peripheral portions of carrier carcass flanges.

EFFECT: uniform distribution of precipitation in the form of rain drops through width of mobile unit, reduced material usage, simplified construction, and enhanced reliability in operation.

4 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, mechanized irrigation equipment used on wheeled rollable pipelines.

SUBSTANCE: sectioned sprinkler is provided with sprinkling nozzles, wheeled supports, drive disposed in mid portion of central section, and section connecting couplings. Each section has water supply pipeline made from low-pressure polyethylene pipes. Pipes are successively joined to one another by means of couplings. Water supply pipeline is arranged in cavity of carrier part defined by C-shaped bent profiles. Ends of profiles are mutually connected by means of flanges. Length of carrier part is 11,720 mm. Hub of each wheeled support embraces carrier part. Sprinkling nozzles are connected with pipeline through nipples arranged between strips of adjacent C-shaped bent profiles of carrier part.

EFFECT: prolonged service life, simplified construction and reduced production costs of sprinkler.

3 dwg

FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, mechanized sprinkling irrigation with the use of rollable wheeled pipelines.

SUBSTANCE: sprinkler is made sectioned and is furnished with sprinkler heads, wheel-type supports, drive located in mid portion of central section, and section couplings. Each section has water supply pipeline manufactured from low-pressure polyethylene pipes sequentially connected through couplings. Water supply pipeline is placed in bearing part cavity defined by C-shaped bent bars. Bar ends are mutually connected through flanges. Bearing part is 11,720 mm long. Hub of each wheel-type support embraces bearing part. Sprinkler heads are connected with water supply pipeline through nipples interposed between strips of adjacent C-shaped bent bars of bearing part. Each wing connected with central section has overtime clutch.

EFFECT: prolonged service life and simplified construction of irrigation pipeline.

4 dwg

FIELD: agricultural engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to machines for mechanization of drop sparkling of farm crop. Proposed truss includes central panel in form of regular pyramid with square base made of pipes with flanges for connecting bottom chords and four suspensions. Suspensions are orientated along ribs of pyramid and one post. Post is arranged in central panel on one of side faces along apothem. Left-hand and right-hand cantilevers are mated with central panel. Each cantilever consists of one end panel and thirteen intermediate panels. Each intermediate panel is made in form of two posts, one distance piece, front and rear water passing pipes of bottom chords, one upper chord, two inclined braces, two horizontal tension members and two short-range sprinkler heads. End panel is made in form of guy truss. End panel is mated with truss panel by means of distance piece and inclined braces whose mated ends are orientated downwards in cross vertical plane of truss and are located lower than distance piece. Ends of front and rear water passing pipes are connected with guy truss pipeline by V-shaped water passing member. Panels of guy truss are formed by posts and distance pieces, inclined braces and tension members vertically orientated in longitudinal vertical plane. Water passing pipeline of guy part of truss is furnished with drain cock. V-shaped water passing member consists of steel pipes of equal section equal to sections of front rear water passing pipes and pipe line of guy truss. One of pipes of V-shaped water passing member is sectional and provided with threaded sleeve. Sleeve is fitted on threaded bushings. Bushings are installed with displacement outwards from ends of pipes. Bushings are connected by closed girth welds with end sections of parts of pipes to be connected. Insert made of plastic, for instance, fluoroplastic, is mounted between end faces of sectional parts of pipes and in plane of threaded bushings. Inner section of insert is equal to sections of pipes of V-shaped water passing member. Proposed two-cantilever self-aligning truss for sprinkling machines provides uninterrupted delivery of sprinkling water to short range heads of intermediate panels and long-range heads on guy part of truss.

EFFECT: reduced materials usage, improved sprinkling.

9 dwg

FIELD: agricultural engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to machines for mechanization of drop irrigation of crops. Proposed truss has upper and lower chords, central panel in form of regular pyramid with square base and left-hand and right-hand cantilevers mated with pyramid. Central panel has square base made of tubes with flanges for connecting lower chords and four suspensions orientated along ribs. Panel is provided with one post located on one of side faces along apothem of pyramid. Each cantilever consists of thirteen intermediate panel and one end panel. Each end panel is made up of two posts, one brace, two front and rear water tubes of lower chords, one upper chord, two tilted struts and two horizontal tension members. Two heads are fitted on each intermediate panel and end panel. End is made in form of guy-rope truss. It is mated with truss panel by brace and tilted posts. Ends of tilted posts are relative mated from top and bottom by horizontally orientated brace. Mated ends of tilted posts are orientated downwards and arranged lower than brace. Ends of front and rear water tubes in guy-rope part are relative mated by V-shaped water supply member with tube of truss guy-rope part. Panels of guy-rope part of truss are formed by posts and braces, tilted struts and tension members orientated in longitudinally vertical plane. water supply pipeline of guy0rope part is furnished with drain valve. Proposed truss provides 15-20% reduction of materials usage.

EFFECT: improved quality of sprinkling, facilitated servicing.

7 cl, 1 tbl, 53 dwg

FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, irrigation equipment, more particular, continuous motion sprinkler machines for farms.

SUBSTANCE: girder has central panel with two cantilevers pivotally fixed thereon. Each of two cantilevers is made in the form of mutually perpendicular vertical and horizontal girders having belts, columns, angle braces and sprinkler heads on water supply girder. Pipelines on central panel and water supply girder are made in the form of curved circuit line in transverse-vertical plane of sprinkler unit. Circuit line equation is y=a/2(ex/a+e-x/a), where a is distance from surface of field to be irrigated to pipeline arranged in mid portion of central panel; e is Napierian base (Napierian number); x and y are abscissae and ordinates of unknown points of pipeline in Cartesian coordinates XOY, the beginning part of which is aligned with field surface and with vertical axis of symmetry of girdle.

EFFECT: enhanced reliability in operation and increased efficiency.

4 dwg

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