Method for destruction and preliminary salvaging of armament and military equipment

FIELD: destruction and preliminary salvaging of armament and military equipment.

SUBSTANCE: the method consists in the fact that, prior to destruction of items, they are additionally checked for presence of dangerously explosive, dangerously radiant, biologically dangerous elements, if dangerous elements are present, they are removed or the item is subjected to the respective rendering harmless, after that and up to its disassembly to components, an additionall roentgenofluorescent analysis of distribution of precious metals inside its body is performed, on the basis of the obtained roentgenofluorescentgram of the item the rational layout and cutting of its body at its destruction is determined, destruction of items is conducted by plasma and mechanical cutting of its body, mechanized and/or manual disassembly of the item contents, disassembly of the components into metal and non-metal waste, sorting of metal indivisible waste into non-ferrous, ferrous metal waste and waste containing precious metal is performed at points of dislocation or storage of the items of armament and military equipment, the percentage of precious materials on the surface and in the allays of the metal waste is determined instrumentally by the method of roentgenofluorescent analysis.

EFFECT: expanded range of possible objects of salvaging and depth of preliminary salvaging of objects of armament and military equipment.

7 cl, 2 dwg, 1 tbl

 

The invention relates to techniques for utilization of technical objects, specifically to the breaker (disassembled into its component elements) and prior utilization of weapons and military equipment (AME) in their locations or storage.

Known method of breaker and pre-disposal AME [1], including the delivery of radiation hazardous facilities IWT stationary points of the breaker and pre-disposal of military equipment, radiation monitoring of the delivered objects IWT, the notch radioactively dangerous elements and/or decontamination, the fibrous radioactively safe objects into their component parts, dismantling components for scrap and sorting of scrap metal.

The disadvantage of this method is the need for transportation of radioactively dangerous objects IWT in the stationary points of the breaker and pre-disposal, which is associated with high material costs for transportation and c the radiation hazard of the carriage.

Known method of breaker and pre-disposal sites AME [2], which consists in the delivery of charged ammunition in the stationary points of the breaker and pre-disposal, demolition delivered ammunition detonators, mechanical cutting of the casing of the munition, mechanized dismantling radioa ectroni filling of ammunition and visual sorting the dismantled parts to color, black and containing precious metals scrap. When this sort of metal parts in color, black and containing precious metals scrap produce visually and with the use of technical documentation and factory specifications for components of ammunition.

The disadvantage of this method is the need for economically costly transportation of explosive objects from remote storage locations on the stationary breaker point and prior to disposal, as well as the difficulty of obtaining the appropriate permits for the transportation of military equipment, especially through neighboring countries.

This raises the problem of breaker and pre-disposal of military equipment directly in the places of dislocation and/or storage of military equipment.

Known method of breaker and pre-disposal AME [3] including fibrous objects IWT in areas of deployment or storage of military equipment into its component elements, and transportation of the crushed pieces of military equipment at the stationary point - plant scrap metal recycling, disassembly on the stationary point of the constituent elements on metallic and non-metallic waste, sorting waste metal in color, black and containing precious metals scrap and disposal of scrap.

The fibrous (location) of objects of military equipment on the constituent elements In The T produced by the repeated lifting of the latter with the help of the balloon and landing on solid ground objects to the extent of the grinding, enables the transport of debris IWT stationary point of reception of scrap metal on the road and/or rail transport. Further disassembly of the constituent elements (not collapsed when hitting the ground) on metallic and non-metallic waste, sorting waste metal in color, black and containing precious metals scrap and recycling of scrap produced at the stationary point of recycling. The sort of metallic debris on the color, black and containing precious metals scrap produce visually and with the use of technical documentation and factory specifications of the elemental AME base. This method allows to transform the objects of military equipment in a pile of scrap metal and take out the last of the locations, points of reception and detailed processing of scrap metal, bypassing the procedure of the transport licensing and customs of the limitations for the transport of military equipment.

The disadvantage of this method is the limited possibilities of its application associated with the robustness of the method because of the need for a balloon means for the breaker IWT and the impossibility of application of the method for disposal of equipment containing hazardous, radioactive, biohazardous or chemically hazardous elements.

the basis of the present invention tasked with developing a way of breaker and pre-disposing of IWT in the deployment to extend the functionality of recycling by expanding the range of possible objects of recycling and depth prior to disposal facilities IWT in their locations.

The solution of this problem is achieved in that in the method of the breaker and pre-disposal of military equipment, including fibrous products into its component elements in the deployment disassembly of the constituent elements of the product on metallic and non-metallic indivisible waste sorting indivisible metal waste in color, black and containing precious metals scrap, according to the invention before the fibrous products additionally are checking for the presence of hazardous, radioactive, biohazardous or chemically hazardous elements in the presence of dangerous elements spend the last notch or appropriate disposal of the product after neutralization of the product and prior to its disassembly into its component elements conduct x-ray fluorescence analysis of the distribution of precious materials inside its body, on the basis of the obtained rentgenofluorestsentnomu products determine trims and cutting his body at the breaker, the fibrous products is carried out by plasma and mechanical cutting its hull, mechanical and/or manual disassembly content isdel the I into its component elements, disassembly of components on metal and non-metal waste sorting, metal indivisible waste in color, black and containing precious metals scrap carried out directly in the places of dislocation or storage of items of equipment in the process of sorting instrumental determine the presence of precious materials on the surface and in alloys of metal waste, when detected in the individual waste item to at least one type of precious metals measured the percentage of the latter and the content of precious metals than the specified percentage limit referred indivisible waste element to the scrap containing precious metals, after sorting scrap containing precious metals, produce mechanical enrichment of scrap metal and separation of the latter on scrap with high, medium and low content of precious metals.

At the same time to scrap containing precious metals, are indivisible elements disassembly of the product AME, containing on its surface or metal alloy from which the element is made of, gold, silver, palladium, platinum and/or iridium, at least one-tenth of a percent or silver - not less than three-tenths of a percent of the total mass of indivisible element. To scrap with high, medium and low content of precious metals include indivisible items the options disassembly of the product IWT, containing on its surface or metal alloy from which the element is made of/precious metals more than 5%, from 1% to 5% and less than one percent of the total mass of indivisible element, respectively. Mechanical milling scrap containing precious metals, produced by mechanical removal of parts of the indivisible element, not containing precious metals, by otbelivanie or biting last hand tools. X-ray fluorescence analysis of the product before disassembly, as well as tool detection and measurement of the percentage of precious metals on the surface and in alloys indivisible waste elements in the process of disassembly of the product and sorting of scrap metal to produce x-ray fluorescence analyzer type prism - M Au. Neutralization of explosive elements is carried out by removal of detonators, mechanical cutting of the hull, mechanical, chemical or thermal destruction of explosives cut from the body of the munition, or by undermining the latest in earthen or concrete shelters. Disposal of radioactive, biohazardous or chemically hazardous products is carried out respectively by decontamination, disinfection, decontamination. If the product of the respective risk items that are not subject to disassembly, previously in the feature of their products for disposal or recycling at the respective factories recovery.

The use of plasma and mechanical cutting, mechanical and/or manual disassembly process breaker eliminates the need to use a breaker products IWT in their locations expensive and inconvenient to use balloons, and also to eliminate this in the future, additional time spent on disassembly of bent parts.

Using an instrumental method sort (x-ray fluorescence analysis of the spectral response of an element of scrap to point exposure) allows to disassembly of the product to determine the location of items containing precious metals, and exactly the sort after disassembly spectral response indivisible metal elements in color, black and containing precious metals scrap at a preferential interest to their content in the alloy element without the involvement of specialists of high qualification. This in turn allows sorting metallome not at the refineries, and directly at the locations of IWT. The consequence of this drastic reduction in the amount and cost of remote traffic scrap due to the possibility of the implementation of recycled scrap metal that is not related to precious metals, local points of reception of metal or recycling plants Deut who Iria in the immediate vicinity of the dislocation of military equipment. The introduction of additional test products before they are fibrous in the presence of explosive, radioactive, biohazardous or chemically hazardous elements, excavation of detected dangerous elements and appropriate decontamination, decontamination, disinfection and decontamination allow expanding the range of recyclable objects AME.

In General, the use of these technical advantages allows you to extend the range of recyclable objects of military equipment, while reducing the economic costs of their disposal.

The invention is illustrated by figure 1 and 2.

Figure 1 shows the process flow diagram of the breaker and pre-disposal of military equipment in areas of deployment or storage explaining the content of the basic operations of the claimed method, figure 2 explains the disassembly of the product into its component elements, the results of instrumental sorting of scrap metal on the relative spectral content of chemical elements of the periodic table, types of scrap containing precious metals in the products of AME, and possible options for implementation of results of the preliminary disposal under the proposed method for the black, coloured and containing precious metals scrap.

The fibrous and advanced recycling 1 AME assistantsinteractive mass dislocation or storage of products 1 IWT by the mobile mechanized brigade installers on the mobile complex prior to disposal of equipment equipped with a mobile measuring laboratory means of decontamination, disinfection and decontamination, excavator with hydraulic shears, press patteron, tools, vehicles and supplies for the brigade.

First means of measuring laboratory exercise (figure 1) radiation, chemical and biological control 2 product 1 IWT explosive, radioactive, biohazardous or chemically hazardous items, spend the recess of detected dangerous elements and appropriate disposal of 3 products. Neutralization of 3 explosive elements is carried out by removal of detonators, mechanical cutting of the hull, mechanical, chemical or thermal destruction of explosives cut from the body of the munition, or by undermining the latest in earthen or concrete shelters. Neutralization of 3 radiation-hazardous, biohazardous or chemically hazardous products 1 carried out respectively by decontamination, disinfection, decontamination. Next, before the breaker neutralized in General, the product is subjected to x-ray fluorescence analysis. X-ray fluorescence analysis 3 product 1 as a whole is carried out before its dismantling for parts by serial point scanning of a narrow x-ray beam is m product throughout its volume, receiving and measuring the spectral response of materials, products, in the case of the items on the path of propagation of the beam to obtain the distribution of the types of materials found in building products. The obtained volumetric rentgenofluorestsentnomu (spectrogram) of the product is further used for efficient cutting (breaker 4) product into its constituent elements without damage to the parts containing non-ferrous and precious metals. The fibrous product is carried out by plasma (fire 5) and manual 6 cut 7, 8 mechanized÷11 and/or manual 12 disassembly divisible into constituent elements of the first level (figure 2): blocks 13, the nodes 14, designs 15. Then the elements 13÷15 sorted in two groups of scrap: containing 16 and not containing 17 precious metals. The initial sorting of items into these groups produce instrumental using a portable x-ray fluorescence analyzer, such as prism-M by successive irradiation of short x-ray pulses of the studied item and receive fluorescent signals (response at frequencies of spectral components of gold, silver, palladium, platinum, rhodium, iridium and other precious metals found in items 13÷15).

Selection criterion scrap containing precious metals, is cash is Chiyo response to at least one of the types of precious metals. To the scrap containing precious metals, are indivisible elements disassembly of the product AME, containing on its surface or metal alloy from which the element is made of, gold, silver, palladium, platinum and/or iridium is not less than one tenth of one percent or silver - not less than three-tenths of a percent of the total mass of indivisible element. If the specified condition is not observed, scrap refer to group 17, not containing precious metal.

After splitting into groups the elements of group 17 (not containing precious metals) are sorted in the same way on the spectrum Gu, Al, Fe metal 18 nonmetallic waste and 19, including mixed waste, such as cables 20, rubber products 21, other (rubbish 22). Debris 22 burn or bury in the ground. At the same time metal 18 (Fig. 2) the waste is sorted 23 (1) above instrumental method on black 24 and 25 color scrap. The selection criterion of ferrous scrap metal sorting waste 18 is a fluorescent glow last in the spectral part of Fe. The remainder of the waste 18 refers to non-ferrous metals 25 and is further disassembly and instrumental sorting 26 (2) spectra of non-ferrous metals (Fig 1): 27 copper, aluminum, 28, brass 29, bronze 30.

Scrap 16 (figure 2), containing precious metals disassemble manual 12 (1) and Lis is quarterly (on the spectrum) on the electronic circuit Board 31, other 32 of the folding elements of the second level of the breaker (relays, connectors, contactors, sensors).

Items 31÷32 (2), containing precious metals, disassemble the elements of the third level of the breaker: a circuit Board 33 with microchips and transistors, elements 34 (capacitors, potentiometers, relays, connectors, circuit boards and other) electronic circuit Board 31, the parts 36, 37 of the elements 32. Elements (33÷37) the third level of understanding and at the same time mechanically enriched 38 (figure 2). Mechanical enrichment 38 is produced by mechanical removal of parts scrap, not containing precious metals, by otbelivanie or biting and relevant parts. At the same time in the enrichment process 38 (2) scrap is sorted based on the content of precious metals, respectively (figure 1) scrap with low 39 (<1%), middle 40 (1-5%) and with high 41(>5%) precious metals (gold, silver, palladium, platinum, rhodium, iridium and other precious metals). This instrumental sorting 38 (2) scrap is conducted using the above analyzer precious metals PRISM-M-Au in the process of dismantling and mechanical enrichment of scrap. Sorted scrap 40, 41 middle and high content of precious metals respectively sent to the refinery 42 for further processing. Scrap 39 on the basis of copper alloys with a low content of silver send the and the corresponding copper smelting plant 43 for molding the cathode, copper 44 (figure 1). The results of instrumental sorting 26 (2) spectra of non-ferrous metals (Fig 1): 27 copper, aluminum, 28, brass 29, bronze, 30, and cable products and rubber products are implemented at the appropriate plants for the processing of secondary raw materials or local points of reception of recyclable materials from the vicinity of the locations of recyclable AME.

The proposed method developed at the level of technical proposals for the disposal of military equipment, mathematical modeling of the process of recycling and experimental work on recycling. The invention was made possible thanks to the authors found opportunities energy dispersive x-ray fluorescence analyzer precious metals PRISM-M-Au used by the Inspectorate of Assay supervision of the Russian currency and banking operations with precious metals, for use for a new purpose, in this case, to effectively address the problems of disposal of military equipment. The appropriate amendments in the last part of the higher sensitivity and supply its remote sensor with extension cable to units of meters allows you to perform point analysis of large items of military equipment to the location and content of precious metals, in this case, for any other purpose for the rapid sorting of scrap, both before and during the breaker WTO intensity of spectral components of the material products IWT black, colored and containing precious metal products, military equipment, write-off and disposal. The invention is recommended to use for the breaker and pre-disposal AME (table), write-off and disposal upon expiration of the established period of their operation.

№ p/pThe name of weapons and military equipment
1.Missiles AND SPACE
1.1Intercontinental ballistic missiles land and sea
1.2Launchers land and sea-based
1.3Lowered spacecraft and capsule
1.4Cruise missile
1.5Anti-aircraft missiles
1.6Aircraft missiles
1.7Anti-submarine missiles
2.AIRCRAFT
2.1Heavy (strategic) bombers
2.2Planes and helicopters
3.EQUIPMENT NAVY
3.1Nuclear submarines
3.2Surface ship and with nuclear power plants and ships
3.3Flooded diesel submarines, ships and boats
4.ARMORED vehicles
5.ARTILLERY
5.1Artillery (anti-aircraft missile complexes,the
5.2Mounted grenade launchers
6.RADIO ARMAMENT
6.1Radar and radio system
7.Automated control systems and computer engineering
8.COMMUNICATIONS
9.SMALL ARMS
10.AMMUNITION
10.1Ammunition for small arms (JI)
10.2Ammunition (without JI)
11.MEANS of RADIATION, CHEMICAL AND BIOLOGICAL DEFENSE

Sources of information

1. EN 2085365, class B 26 F 3/08, 23 H 3/00, 1997.

2. Sevastyanov BV Lisin E.B. Automated device for cutting shots unitary load: Armament. Policy. Conversion. M: Voentechnic, No. 5, 1999. P.35-37.

3. EN 94018371/08, CL F 41 H 7/00, F 42 B 33/06, F 42 D 3/00, 23 H 3/00, 1996.

1. The way the breaker and pre is sustained fashion disposal of weapons and military equipment (AME), including fibrous products into its component elements in the deployment disassembly of the constituent elements of the product on metallic and non-metallic indivisible waste sorting indivisible metal waste in color, black and containing precious metals scrap, characterized in that before the fibrous products additionally are checking for the presence of hazardous, radioactive, biohazardous or chemically hazardous elements in the presence of dangerous elements spend the last notch or appropriate disposal of the product after neutralization of the product and prior to its disassembly into its component elements conduct x-ray fluorescence analysis of the distribution of precious materials inside its body, on the basis of the obtained roentgenofluorography products define rational cutting and cutting his body at the breaker, the fibrous products is carried out by plasma and mechanical cutting its hull, mechanical and/or manual disassembly content of the product into its component elements, sorting metal indivisible waste in color, black and containing precious metals scrap carried out directly in the places of dislocation or storage of items of equipment in the process of sorting instrumental determine the presence of precious materials on the surface and in which the Plav metal waste when detecting in the individual waste item to at least one type of precious metals measured the percentage of the latter and the content of precious metals than the specified percentage limit referred indivisible waste element to the scrap containing precious metals, after sorting scrap containing precious metals, produce mechanical enrichment of scrap metal and split the last scrap with high, medium, and low content of precious metals.

2. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the scrap containing precious metals, are indivisible elements disassembly of the product AME, containing on its surface or metal alloy from which the element is made of, gold, palladium, platinum and/or iridium is not less than 0.1% or silver is not less than 0.3% of the total mass of indivisible element.

3. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the scrap with high, medium and low content of precious metals include indivisible elements disassembly of the product AME, containing on its surface or metal alloy from which the element is made of precious metals, respectively, more than 5%, from 1% to 5% and less than 1% of the total mass of indivisible element.

4. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the mechanical milling scrap containing precious metals, produced by mechanical removal frequent the th indivisible element, not containing precious metals.

5. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the x-ray fluorescence analysis of the product before disassembly, as well as tool detection and measurement of the percentage of precious metals on the surface and in alloys indivisible waste elements in the process of disassembly of the product and sorting of scrap metal to produce x-ray fluorescence analyzer.

6. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the neutralization of explosive elements is carried out by removal of detonators, mechanical cutting of the hull, mechanical, chemical or thermal destruction of explosives cut from the body of the munition, or by undermining the latest in earthen or concrete shelter.

7. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the neutralization of radiation-hazardous, biohazardous or chemically hazardous products is carried out respectively by decontamination, disinfection and decontamination.



 

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SUBSTANCE: the method consists in successive ignition of the ignition wire, powder charge, rag impregnated by petrol and an intermediate pot which inflames the explosive charge of the ammunition to be salvaged. At salvaging of an ammunition of a spherical shape it is installed on a bed with the filling neck inclined within 30 to 45 deg. to the horizon.

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