Method of operation of water dissociator

FIELD: mechanical engineering; engines.

SUBSTANCE: method of operation of water dissociator includes supply of electromagnetic from SHF generator through coupling device into cylinder of internal combustion engine, parametric amplification of oscillations in movement of piston from bottom dead center to top dead center, formation of SHF discharge when piston reaches top center and subsequent injection of water through nozzle into SHF discharge. Water is injected into SHF discharge in form of steam, and electromagnetic oscillations supplied to cylinder are modulated in amplitude. Steam is formed in nozzle. Plasma liquid disperser is used as nozzle. Electromagnetic wave type Hon is excite in cylinder by coupling device.

EFFECT: increased capacity, economy and efficiency of dissociator.

4 cl, 1 dwg

 

The invention can be used in environmentally-friendly vehicles and is an improvement of the known device described in the patent of Russian Federation № 2230916.

In the invention according to the patent of Russian Federation № 2230916, IPC 7 F 02 In 47/02, F 02 M 25/03 described cracker of water, which device on the basis of the internal combustion engine (ice), is able to periodically decompose water to hydrogen-oxygen gas mixture. Work dissociator water based on the fact that when the movement of the piston from bottom dead center (BDC) to top dead center (TDC) in the cylinder from the microwave generator via the communication device receives the electromagnetic oscillation. By the time of the approach of the piston to TDC, due to the parametric amplification of electromagnetic oscillations in the cylinder formed by microwave discharge, in which, when the piston is at TDC, through the nozzle from the tank using a pump to inject water. The interaction of water with the microwave discharge leads to its decomposition into hydrogen and oxygen, and since the volume of the mixture of hydrogen and oxygen in approximately 1000 times the volume of water, this gas mixture pushes the piston from TDC to BDC, thus producing useful work lies in the continuity of the working cycle of dissociator. Deficiencies in the work of dissociator is that for the decomposition of water requires a large energy of the microwave is azrad, this means that you need a very high speed movement of the piston in the cylinder or the power coming from the microwave generator via the communication device in the cylinder electromagnetic oscillations during movement of the piston from BDC to TDC, should be great. Due to the uneven speed of the piston in the cylinder, due to the design features themselves combustion engine, there is the danger of premature occurrence of a microwave discharge - long before the arrival of the piston to TDC, and this leads to inefficient waste of energy, microwave-discharge and reduce the efficiency of dissociator. A large part of the energy of electromagnetic waves, due to the nite conductivity of the walls of the cylinder and piston, not involved in the formation of the microwave discharge, as converted in these walls in the heat.

The aim of the present invention is to remedy these disadvantages.

This goal is achieved by the fact that the way dissociator water, including the receipt from the microwave generator through a communication device in a cylinder of the internal combustion engine of electromagnetic waves, parametric amplification during movement of the piston from the bottom mertua point to the upper dead point, the formation of a microwave discharge at the approach of the piston to the top dead point and the subsequent injection through the nozzle of the water in the microwave discharge, the water in the microwave discharge is injected in the form of steam and entering the cylinder electromagnetic oscillations modulates the amplitude. The process of evaporation is carried out in the jet. For this purpose, as the nozzle used plasmidfactory disperser.

In addition, the communication device in the cylinder excite an electromagnetic wave type Hon.

The following drawing shows the amplitude modulation of the electromagnetic waves received via the communication device in the cylinder depending on the velocity of the piston at a time,

where RI- the amplitude (power);

V - speed;

t - time;

S - stroke;

1 - curve velocity of the piston;

2 - curve amplitude of the electromagnetic waves coming from the microwave generator via the communication device in the cylinder;

3 - the bottom dead point;

4 - medium point, i.e. the position of the piston in the cylinder equidistant from both the BDC and TDC;

5 is top dead center.

The way dissociator water is as follows.

When implementing workflow dissociator, in the first stroke, the piston in the cylinder moves (curve 1) from BDC to TDC with variable acceleration from point 3 to point 4 its speed gradually increases. At point 4, the piston has a top speed of movement, and from point 4 to point 5, the speed of movement of the piston gradually decreases and, accordingly, in point 5 of its speed becomes zero with the subsequent change of direction the Oia its movement in the cylinder on opposite from TDC to BDC (this change away not shown). To prevent the premature appearance of the microwave discharge, and thus for the most complete and rational use of energy flowing into the cylinder of electromagnetic waves, the amplitude of these oscillations, before putting them into the cylinder, modulate, depending on the speed of movement of the piston in the following way. The piston begins its movement from point 3 to point 4. From point 3 amplitude (curve 2) entering the cylinder electromagnetic waves continuously increase. Shortly before the piston reaches point 4, the growth rate of the amplitude of the oscillations slow down, and shortly before the piston reaches point 5, the growth rate of amplitude increase sharply again. At point 5, the oscillation amplitude becomes maximum, and then it abruptly reduced to zero, i.e. stop the flow of electromagnetic waves from the microwave generator.

It is known that the electromagnetic wave type Honsuch as H01has abnormally low losses in the walls of the waveguide or resonator, which decrease with increasing frequency (see, for example, Radio engineering Handbook / edited Heinke and Fhandle, M., 1960.) Therefore, the communication device in the cylinder of dissociator (which are essentially the resonator) excite an electromagnetic wave type Hon (see, for example, the above Guide or reference elements of electronic devices /edited by Kida. technology. Sciences Vddmin, Msswch. M, "Energy", 1978.) Use for parametric amplification in the cylinder of dissociator electromagnetic waves corresponding to the wave type Hohthat will significantly reduce the loss of energy of these oscillations in the cylinder wall and the piston, and thus a large part of this energy will go on to form the microwave discharge.

To increase efficiency - reduce energy microwave discharge on the decomposition of water, applying ice with technically possible and reasonable speed movement of the piston - water in the microwave discharge is injected in the form of steam. For this process of vaporization is carried out directly in trounce.

With this purpose you can use, for example, plasmidbased dispersant (see RF patent № 2166109, IPC 7 F 02 In 47/02, F 02 M 27/ 04, 57/06).

In the microwave discharge, when the piston internal combustion engine of dissociator is at TDC, plasmatechnik dispenser inject a portion of the vapor, and where is its decomposition into hydrogen-oxygen gas mixture.

The use of the invention will improve the productivity, profitability and efficiency of dissociator.

1. The way dissociator water, including the receipt from the microwave generator through a communication device in a cylinder engines the El internal combustion electromagnetic waves, their parametric amplification during movement of the piston from the bottom dead point to the upper dead point, the formation of a microwave discharge at the approach of the piston to the top dead point and the subsequent injection through the nozzle of the water in the microwave discharge, characterized in that the water in the microwave discharge is injected in the form of steam, and entering the cylinder electromagnetic oscillations modulate the amplitude.

2. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the vaporization is carried out in the jet.

3. The method according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the nozzles used plasmidfactory disperser.

4. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the communication device in the cylinder excite an electromagnetic wave type Hon.



 

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