Combination of active substances with insecticide and acaricide properties

FIELD: organic chemistry, insecticides.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to an insecticide-acaricide agent comprising a mixture of compound of the formula (I): wherein X means halogen atom, (C1-C4)-alkyl, (C1-C4)-alkoxyl; W, Y and Z mean independently of one another hydrogen atom (H), halogen atom, (C1-C4)-alkyl, (C1-C4)-alkoxyl; A means H, (C1-C6)-alkyl; B means H, methyl or ethyl; A and B in common with carbon atom to which they are bound form saturated unsubstituted (C3-C6)-ring or substituted with (C1-C4)-alkoxy-group; D means H, (C1-C6)-alkyl; G means H or one of the following groups: (b) or (c) wherein L means oxygen atom (O); M means O; R1 means (C1-C10)-alkyl, (C3-C6)-cycloalkyl that if necessary can comprise one nitrogen atom (N) or O; R2 means (C1-C10)-alkyl and agonist, respectively, antagonist of nicotine acetylcholine receptors chosen from the group comprising compounds of formulas: (IIa) (IIe) (IIg) (IIh) (IIi) (IIk) (IIl) and (IIm) taken in synergetically effective ratio.

EFFECT: valuable biological properties of substances.

6 cl, 22 tbl, 6 ex

 

This invention relates to new combinations of active substances, which consist, on the one hand, from the well-known cyclic ketoenols and, on the other hand, other known insecticidal active substances, which are very suitable for combating animal pests, such as insects and unwanted ticks.

It is already known that certain cyclic ketoenol have herbicide, insecticide and acaricide properties. These substances good efficiency, however, used small quantities in some cases insufficient.

Known for its herbicide, insecticide and acaricide action unsubstituted, bicyclic derivatives of 3-aryl-pyrrolidin-2,4-dione (EP-A 355599 and EP-A 415211), as well as substituted, monocyclic derivatives of 3-arylpyrimidine-2,4-dione (EP-A 377893 and EP-A 442077).

Further known polycyclic derivatives of 3-arylpyrimidine-2,4-dione (EP-A 442073), as well as derivatives of 1H-aryl-pyrrolidin-dione (EP-A 456063, EP-A 521334, EP-A 596298, EP-A 613884, EP-A 613885, WO 94/01997, WO 95/26954, WO 95/20572, EP-A 0668267, WO 96/25395, WO 95/35664, WO 97/01535, WO 97/02243, WO 97/36868, WO 97/43275, WO 98/05638, WO 98/06721, WO 98/25928, WO 99/16748, WO 99/24437 WO 99/43649, WO 99/48869 and WO 99/55673).

Next, it is already known that numerous heterocyclic compounds, ORGANOTIN compounds, benzoylacetone and pyrethroids possess insecticidal and acaricidal properties (cf WO 93/22297, WO 93/1003, DE-A 2641343, EP-347488, EP-A 210487, US 3364177 and EP-A 234045). In any case, the effectiveness of these substances is also not always satisfactory.

Found that mixtures of compounds of formula (I)

in which

X means halogen, alkyl, alkoxyl, haloalkyl, haloalkoxy or cyano,

W, Y and Z denote, independently of one another, hydrogen, halogen, alkyl, alkoxyl, haloalkyl, haloalkoxy or cyano,

A represents hydrogen, unsubstituted or substituted by halogen alkyl, alkoxy, saturated, unsubstituted or substituted cycloalkyl, in which optionally at least one atom in the ring is replaced by a heteroatom,

In the mean hydrogen or alkyl,

A and b together with the carbon atom to which they are linked, form a saturated or unsaturated, not containing or containing at least one heteroatom, unsubstituted or substituted ring,

D is hydrogen or unsubstituted or substituted radical from the series alkyl, alkenyl, alkoxyalkyl, rich cycloalkyl, in which, optionally, one or several links in the ring are replaced by heteroatoms,

A and D together with the atoms to which they are linked, form a saturated or unsaturated ring, not containing or containing at least one heteroatom, unsubstituted or substituted in the A,D - part,

G means hydrogen (a) or one of the group

in which

E. means metal ion or ammonium,

L is oxygen or sulphur,

M stands for oxygen or sulphur,

R1means unsubstituted or substituted by halogen alkyl, alkenyl, alkoxyalkyl, alkylthiomethyl, polyalkoxyalkyl or unsubstituted or substituted by halogen, alkyl or alkoxyl cycloalkyl, which, optionally, contains at least one heteroatom, unsubstituted or substituted phenyl, phenylalkyl, heteroaryl, phenoxyethyl or heteroaryl-oxyalkyl,

R2means unsubstituted or substituted by halogen alkyl, alkenyl, alkoxyalkyl, polyalkoxyalkyl means or unsubstituted or substituted cycloalkyl, phenyl or benzyl,

R3means alkyl, unsubstituted or substituted by halogen, or denotes phenyl, unsubstituted or substituted,

R4and R5independently of one another, signify unsubstituted or substituted by halogen alkyl, alkoxy, alkylamino, dialkylamino, alkylthio, alkanity, cycloalkyl group or mean unsubstituted or substituted phenyl, benzyl, phenoxy or phenylthio and

R6and R7independently of one another, mean hydrogen, unsubstituted or substituted by halogen alkyl, cycloalkyl, alkenyl, alkoxyl, alkoxyalkyl denote unsubstituted or substituted phenyl, unsubstituted mean the first or substituted benzyl or together with the N-atom, to which they are bound, form an unsubstituted or substituted ring which optionally includes an oxygen or sulphur,

and at least one agonist, respectively, antagonist acetylcholine receptors of formula (II) act synergistically and are suitable for combating animal pests.

The compounds of formula (I) can also, depending on the type of substituents to be presented in the form of geometric and/or optical isomers or mixtures of isomers with different composition, which can be separated by conventional ways and means. Both pure isomers and mixtures of isomers, their preparation and use, as well as products containing them, are the subject of this invention. However, in the future to simplify I will be talking about the compounds of formula (I), although you might have in mind as pure compounds, and, optionally, mixtures with different proportions of isomeric compounds

As agonists and antagonists of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors have in mind is known compounds which are known from the following publications:

European publicationâ„– 464830, 428941, 425978, 386565, 383091, 375907, 364844, 315826, 259738, 254859, 235725, 212600, 192060, 163855, 154178, 136636, 136686, 303570, 302833, 306696, 189972, 455000, 135956, 471372, 302389, 428941, 376279, 493369, 580553, 649845, 685477, 483055, 580553;

German publication No. 3639877, 3712307;

Japanese publicationâ„– 03220176, 02207083, 63307857, 63287764, 03246283, 04971, 03279359, 03255072, 05178833, 07173157, 08291171;

US-patentsâ„– 5034524, 4948798, 4918086, 5039686, 5034404,

5532365;

PCT application WO 91/17659, 91/4965;

French application No. 2611114;

Brazilian application No. 8803621.

Described in these publications generic formulas and definitions, and describes them in a separate connections are thereby taken into account.

These compounds are partially United by the notion of nitromethylene, nitroamine and related compounds.

These compounds can preferably be grouped under the formula (II)

in which

R means hydrogen, unsubstituted or substituted acyl radicals, the alkyl, aryl, arylalkyl, heterocyclyl, heteroaryl or heteroaromatic;

And' means a monofunctional group from the series hydrogen, acyl, alkyl, aryl or means of bifunctional group which is connected to the radical Z';

E' means radical, dilatory electrons;

X' means the radical-CH= or =N-, and the radical-CH= instead of one of the H atoms may be linked to the radical Z';

Z' means a monofunctional group from the series alkyl, -O-R, -S,-R,

moreover, the radicals R are identical or different and have the meanings given above,

or mean bifunctional group which is connected with radical And' or radical X'.

Particularly preferred compounds of the forms of the crystals of (II), in which the radicals have the following meanings:

R means hydrogen, and means optionally substituted radicals from the series of acyl, alkyl, aryl, arylalkyl, heterocyclyl, heteroaryl, heteroaromatic.

Acyl radicals include formyl, alkylsulphonyl, arylcarbamoyl, alkylsulfonyl, arylsulfonyl, (alkyl)-(aryl-)-phosphoryl, which, in turn, can be overridden.

Alkilani are (C1-C10)-alkyl, especially (C1-C4)-alkyl, in particular methyl, ethyl, ISO-propyl, sec - and tert-butyl, which, in turn, can be substituted.

Allami are phenyl, naphthyl, especially phenyl. Arylalkylamine are phenylmethyl, phenylethyl. Heterocyclisation is radical

Heteroaryl are heteroaryl containing up to 10 ring atoms and N, O, S as a heteroatom, especially N. individually, we should mention thienyl, furyl, thiazolyl, imidazolyl, pyridyl, benzothiazolyl, pyridazinyl.

Heteroarylboronic are heteroaromatic, heteroaromatic containing up to 6 atoms in the cycle and N, O, S as a heteroatom, especially N, especially optionally substituted heteroaryl that specified for heteroaryl.

Examples of preferred substituents are: alkyl, preferably with 1 to 4, particularly preferably with 1 to 2 carbon atoms is kind, such as methyl, ethyl, n - and ISO-propyl and n-, ISO - and tert-butyl; alkoxy, preferably, from 1 to 4, particularly preferably/ with 1 to 2 carbon atoms, such as methoxyl, ethoxyl, n - and ISO-propyloxy, and n-, ISO - and tert-butyloctyl; alkylthio group, preferably with 1 to 4, particularly preferably 1-2 carbon atoms, such as methylthio, ethylthio-, n - and ISO-propylthio-, and n-, ISO - and tert-butylthiourea; haloalkyl preferably, from 1 to 4, particularly preferably 1-2 carbon atoms, and preferably 1 to 5, particularly preferably with 1 to 3 halogen atoms, the halogen atoms are identical or different and preferable are fluorine atoms, chlorine or bromine, particularly preferred fluorine, such as vermeil; hydroxyl; halogen, preferably fluorine, chlorine, bromine and iodine, especially fluorine, chlorine and bromine; cyano; nitro; amino group; monoalkyl and dialkylamino group, preferably with 1-4 particularly preferably with 1 to 2 carbon atoms in each alkyl group, such as methylamino, methylethylamine-, n - and ISO-propylamino - methyl-n-butylamino group; carboxyl; carbalkoxy, preferably, from 2 to 4, particularly preferably 2-3 carbon atoms, such as carbomethoxy and carboethoxy; sulpho group (-SO3N); alkylsulfonyl preferably, from 1 to 4, particularly preferably from 1 to 2 carbon atoms, such as methylsulphonyl and ethylsulfonyl; arylsulfonyl PR is doctitle, with 6-10 aryl carbon atoms, such as phenylsulfonyl and heteroarenes and heteroarylboronic groups, such as chloropyridine and chloronitrotoluenes group.

And' means hydrogen or optionally substituted radical from the series of acyl, alkyl, aryl, which preferably have the meanings given for R, And' next means of a bifunctional group. It should be called, if necessary, substituted alkylene from 1 to 4, especially 1 or 2 carbon atoms, and the substituents should be called deputies, named above, (and between alkionovymi groups can stand heteroatoms from the series N, O, S).

A' and Z' may form together with the atoms to which they are connected, saturated or unsaturated heterocyclic ring. Heterocyclic ring may contain 1 or 2 identical or different heteroatoms and/or heterogroup. As preferred heteroatom oxygen, sulfur or nitrogen and as heterogroup - N-alkyl, and the alkyl N-alkyl group preferably contains 1-4, particularly preferably 1-2 carbon atoms. The alkyl is methyl, ethyl, n - and isopropyl, and n-, ISO - and tert-butyl. Heterocyclic ring consists of 5 to 7, preferably 5 or 6 links in the ring.

Examples of compounds of the formula (II), in which A' and Z' together with the atoms to which they are connected, form a to the ICO, below;

in which

E', R and X' have the meanings given above and further below,

E' represents an electron-withdrawing radical, and, preferably, NO2CN, haloalkylthio, such as halogen-(C1-C4-alkylsulphonyl, for example, COCF3, alkylsulfonyl (e.g., SO2-CH3), haloalkylthio (e.g., SO2-CF3and, particularly preferably, NO2and CN,

X' is-CH= or-N=,

Z' represents an optionally substituted radical from the series alkyl, -OR, -SR, -NRR, and R and the substituents preferably have the above values,

Z' may, in addition to the above rings, to form together with the atom to which it is attached, and radical

at location X' saturated or unsaturated heterocyclic ring. Heterocyclic ring may contain, in addition 1 or 2 identical or different heteroatoms and/or heterogroup. Heteroatom means primarily oxygen, sulfur and nitrogen, and heterogroup denotes N-alkyl, and alkyl or N-alkyl group contains preferably 1-4, more preferably 1-2 carbon atoms. Alkyl means methyl/ethyl, n - and ISO-propyl and n-, ISO - and tert-butyl. Heterocyclic ring contains 5 to 7, preferably 5 or 6 links. Heterocyclic ring, which for example is pyrrolidin, piperidine, piperazine, hexamethyleneimine, morpholine and N-methylpiperazine.

Particularly preferably, in the case of agonists and antagonists of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors mean compounds of the formula (II), in which

R means

and

n means 0, 1 or 2, preferably 1,

Deputy means one of the substituents listed above, preferably halogen, more preferably means chlorine, and A', Z', X' and E' have the meanings given above.

R especially means

Separately, the following connections:

Especially preferred agonists and antagonists of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors are compounds of the formula:

in particular, the compounds of formula

Especially preferred compounds of formula (IIa), (IIk).

Further even more preferred soy is inane formula (IIe), (IIg), (IIh). (IIl), (IIc), (IIm).

Preferred combinations of active substances containing the compounds of formula (I)in which the radicals have the following meanings;

W preferably means hydrogen, (C1-C4)-alkyl, (C1-C4-alkoxy, chlorine, bromine or fluorine,

X preferably denotes (C1-C4)-alkyl, (C1-C4-alkoxy, (C1-C4-haloalkyl, fluorine, chlorine or bromine,

Y and Z preferably represent independently of one another, hydrogen, (C1-C4)-alkyl, halogen, (C1-C4-alkoxy or (C1-C4-haloalkyl,

And preferably means hydrogen or unsubstituted or substituted by halogen (C1-C6) -alkyl or (C3-C8-cycloalkyl,

In means preferably hydrogen, methyl or ethyl,

A, b and the carbon atom to which they are connected, preferably to mean a saturated, unsubstituted or once or twice substituted (C1-C4)-alkyl, trifluoromethyl or (C1-C4-alkoxyl (C3-C6-cycloalkyl, in which, optionally, one link in the ring is replaced by oxygen or sulphur,

D means, preferably, hydrogen, unsubstituted or substituted by fluorine or chlorine (C1-C6)-alkyl, (C3-C4) -alkenyl or (C3-C6-cycloalkyl,

A and D together preferably oz is achut unsubstituted or substituted stands (C 3-C4)-alcander in which optionally one methylene group is replaced by sulfur,

G means hydrogen (a) or one of the groups

preferably, means (a), (b), (C) and (g),

in which

E. means metal ion or ammonium,

L is oxygen or sulphur,

M stands for oxygen or sulphur,

R1means are preferably unsubstituted or substituted by halogen (C1-C10) -alkyl, (C2-C10) -alkenyl, (C1-C4) -alkoxy- (C1-C4)-alkyl, (C1-C4)-alkylthio-(C1-C4)-alkyl or means (C3-C6-cycloalkyl, unsubstituted or substituted by fluorine, chlorine, (C1-C4)-alkyl or (C1-C2-alkoxyl,

means phenyl, unsubstituted or substituted by fluorine, chlorine, bromine, cyano, nitro group, (C1-C4)-alkyl, (C1-C4-alkoxyl, trifluoromethyl or cryptomaterial,

means pyridyl or thienyl, unsubstituted or substituted by chlorine or stands,

R2preferably means unsubstituted or substituted by fluorine or chlorine (C1-C10)-alkyl, (C2-C10)-alkenyl, (C1-C4)-alkoxy-(C2-C4)-alkyl,

means (C5-C6-cycloalkyl, unsubstituted or substituted stands or metaxylem,

Osnach the em phenyl or benzyl, unsubstituted or substituted by fluorine, chlorine, bromine, cyano, nitro group, (C1-C4)-alkyl, (C1-C4-alkoxyl, trifluoromethyl or cryptomaterial,

R3preferably means (C1-C4)-alkyl, unsubstituted or substituted by fluorine, or denotes phenyl, unsubstituted or substituted by fluorine, chlorine, bromine, (C1-C4)-alkyl, (C1-C4-alkoxyl, trifluoromethyl, cryptomaterial, cyano - or nitro-group,

R4preferably means unsubstituted or substituted by fluorine or chlorine (C1-C4)-alkyl, (C1-C4-alkoxy, (C1-C4)-alkylamino-, (C1-C4)-alkylthio group or denotes phenyl, phenoxy or phenylthio, unsubstituted or substituted by fluorine, chlorine, bromine, nitro-, cyano-group, (C1-C4-alkoxyl, cryptomaterial, (C1-C4)-alkylthio-, (C1-C4)-haloalkylthio group, (C1-C4)-alkyl or trifluoromethyl,

R5preferably means (C1-C4-alkoxy or (C1-C4-thioalkyl,

R6preferably means (C1-C6)-alkyl, (C3-C6-cycloalkyl, (C1-C6-alkoxy, (C3-C6)-alkenyl, (C1-C4)-alkoxy-( C1-C4)-alkyl,

R7preferably means (C -C6)-alkyl, (C3-C6)-alkenyl or (C1-C4)-alkoxy-(C1-C4) -alkyl,

R6and R7together preferably by means (C3-C6)-alkalinity radical, unsubstituted or substituted stands or ethyl, in which optionally one carbon atom is replaced by oxygen or sulphur,

W particularly preferably denotes hydrogen, methyl, ethyl, chlorine, bromine or methoxy,

X particularly preferably means chlorine, bromine, methyl, ethyl, propyl, isopropyl, methoxy, ethoxyl or trifluoromethyl,

Y and Z particularly preferably, independently of one another denote hydrogen, fluorine, chlorine, bromine, methyl, ethyl, propyl, isopropyl, trifluoromethyl or methoxy,

And particularly preferably means methyl, ethyl, propyl, isopropyl, butyl, isobutyl, sec-butyl, tert-butyl, cyclopropyl, cyclopentyl or cyclohexyl,

Particularly preferably denotes hydrogen, methyl or ethyl,

A and b together with the carbon atom to which they relate, particularly preferably mean a saturated, unsubstituted or once substituted by stands, ethyl, metaxylem, ataxia, propexia or butoxyl C6-cycloalkyl, in which, optionally, one link in the ring is replaced by oxygen,

D particularly preferably denotes hydrogen, methyl, ethyl, propyl, isopropyl, butyl, isobutyl, allyl, cyclopropyl, cyclopentyl is whether cyclohexyl,

A and D together particularly preferably denote unsubstituted or substituted stands (C3-C4)-alcander,

G particularly preferably means hydrogen (a) or one of the groups

in which

M stands for oxygen or sulphur,

R1particularly preferably means (C1-C8)-alkyl, (C2-C4)-alkenyl, methoxymethyl, ethoxymethyl, ethylthiomethyl, cyclopropyl, cyclopentyl or cyclohexyl,

means phenyl, unsubstituted or substituted by fluorine, chlorine, bromine, cyano, nitro group, stands, ethyl, metaxylem, trifluoromethyl or cryptomaterial,

means pyridyl or thienyl, unsubstituted or substituted by chlorine or stands,

R2particularly preferably means (C1-C8)-alkyl, (C2-C4)-alkenyl, methoxyethyl, ethoxyethyl or denotes phenyl or benzyl,

R6and R7independently from each other, particularly preferably denote methyl or ethyl, or together imply C5-alkalinity radical in which a C3-methylene group is replaced by oxygen,

W most preferably means hydrogen or methyl,

X is most preferably means chlorine, bromine or methyl,

Y and Z independently of one another, most preferably signify hydrogen, chlorine, bromine or methyl,

A and b together with the carbon atom, the which they are associated, most preferably, means a saturated, unsubstituted or once substituted by stands, metaxylem, ataxia, propexia or butoxyl C6-cycloalkyl, in which, optionally, one link in the ring is replaced by oxygen,

D most preferably means hydrogen,

G particularly preferably means hydrogen (a) or one of the groups

in which M stands for oxygen or sulphur,

R1it is most preferable means (C1-C8)-alkyl, (C2-C4)-alkenyl, methoxymethyl, ethoxymethyl, utilmately, cyclopropyl, cyclopentyl or cyclohexyl, or

means phenyl, unsubstituted or substituted by fluorine, chlorine, bromine, stands, metaxylem, trifluoromethyl, cryptomaterial, cyano - or nitro-group,

means pyridyl or thienyl, unsubstituted or substituted by chlorine or stands,

R2it is most preferable means (C1-C8)-alkyl, (C2-C4)-alkenyl, methoxyethyl, ethoxyethyl, phenyl or benzyl,

R6and R7independently of one another, most preferably means methyl, ethyl or together imply C5-alkalinity of radical, in which the C3-methylene group is replaced by oxygen.

Particularly preferred combinations of active substances with the following compounds of formula (I)

Example No.WXYZRGThe pace. Sq. °
I-1NBr5-CH3NOCH3CO-i-C3H7122
I-2NBr5-CH3NOCH3CO2-C2H5140-142
I-3NCH35-CH3NOCH3N>220
I-4NCH35-CH3NOCH3CO2-C2H5128
I-5CH3CH33-BrNOCH3N>220
I-6CH3CH33-ClNOCH3N219
I-7NBr4-CH35-CH3OCH3 CO-i-C3H7217
I-8NCH34-Cl5-CH3OCH3CO2-C2H5162
I-9NCH34-CH35-CH3OCH3Oil
I-10CH3CH33-CH34-CH3OCH3N>220
I-11NCH35-CH3NOC2H5Oil
I-12CH3CH33-BrNOC2H5CO-i-C3H7212-214
I-13NCH34-CH35-CH3OC2H5CO-n-Pr134
I-14NCH34-CH35-CH3OC2H5CO-i-Pr 108
I-15NCH34-CH35-CH3OC2H5WITH-with-WG163

These combinations of active substances in the case of good tolerance of plants and possible low toxicity towards warm-blooded animals are suitable for combating animal pests, especially insects, arachnids and nematodes, encountered in agriculture, in forests, in the protection of stocks of crops and materials and in the hygiene sector. Preferably, they can be used as a means of protection of plants. They are effective against species with normal resistance and resistant species and against all or individual stages of development. To the abovementioned pests include:

From the order Isopoda, for example Oniscus asellus, Armadillidium vulgare, Porcellio scaber.

From the order Diplopoda, for example Blaniulus guttulatus.

From the order Chilopoda, for example Geophilus carpophagus, Scutigera spp..

From the order Symphyla, for example Scutigerella immaculata.

From the order Thysanura, for example Lepisma saccharina.

From the order Collembola, for example Onychiurus armatus.

From the order Orthoptera, for example, Acheta domesticus, Gryllotalpa spp., Locusta migratoria migratorioides, Melanoplus spp., Schistocerca gregaria.

From the order Blattaria, for example, Blatta orientalis, Periplaneta americana, Leucophaea maderae, Blattella germanica.

From the order Dermaptera, for example Forficula auricularia.

From about the number of Isoptera, for example, Reticulitermes spp.

From the order Phthiraptera, for example, Pediculus humanus corporis, Haematopinus spp., Linognathus spp., Trichodectes spp., Damalinia spp..

From the order Thysanoptera, for example Hercinothrips femoralis, Thrips tabaci, Thrips palmi, Frankliniella accidentalis.

From the order Heteroptera, for example Eurygaster spp., Dysdercus intermedius, Piesma quadrata, cimex lectularius, Rhodnius prolixus, Triatoma spp.

From the order Homoptera, for example, Aleurodes brassicae, Bemisia tabaci, Trialeurodes vaporariorum. Aphis gossypii, Brevicoryne brassicae, Cryptomyzus ribis, Aphis fabae, Aphis pomi, Eriosoma lanigerum, Hyalopterus arundinis. Phylloxera vastatrix, Pemphigus spp., Macrosiphum avenae, Myzus spp., Phorodon humuli, Rhopalosiphum padi, Empoasca spp., Euscelis bilobatus, Nephotettix cincticeps, Lecanium corni, Saissetia oleae, Laodelphax striatellus, Nilaparvata lugens, Aonidiella aurantii, Aspidiotus hederae, Pseudococcus spp., Psylla spp.

From the order Lepidoptera, for example, Pectinophora gossypiella, Bupalus piniarius, Cheimatobia brumata, Lithocolletis blancardella, Hyponomeuta padella, Plutella xylostella, Malacosoma neustria, Euproctis chrysorrhoea, Lymantria spp., Bucculatrix thurberiella, Phyllocnistis citrella, Agrotis spp., Euxoa spp., Feltia spp., Earias insulana, Heliothis spp., Mamestra brassicae, Panolis flammea, Spodoptera spp., Trichoplusia ni, Carpocapsa pomonella, Pieris spp., Chilo spp., Pyrausta nubilalis, Ephestia kuehniella, Galleria mellonella, Tineola bisselliella, Tinea pellionella, Hoffmannophila pseudospretella, Cacoecia podana, Capua reticulana, Choristoneura fumiferana, Clysia ambiguella, Homona magnanima, Tortrix viridana, Cnaphalocerus spp., Oulema oryzae.

From the order Coleoptera, for example, Anobium punctatum, Rhizopertha dominica, Bruchidius obtectus, Acanthoscelides obtectus, Hylotrupes bajulus, Agelastica aini, Leptinotarsa decemlineata, Phaedon cochleariae, Diabrotica spp., Psylliodes chrysocephala, Epilachna varivestis, Atomaria spp., Oryzaephilus surinamensis, Anthonomus spp., Sitophilus spp., Otiorrhynchus sulcatus, Cosmopolites sordidus, Ceuthorrhynchus assimilis, Hypera postica, Dermestes spp., Trogoderma spp., Anthrenus spp., Attagenus spp., Lyctus spp., Meligethes aeneus, Pinus spp., Niptus hololeucus, Gibbium psylloides, Tribolium spp., Tenebrio molitor, Agriotes spp., Conoderus spp., Melolontha melolontha, Amphimallon solstitialis, Costelytra zealandica, Lissorhoptrus oryzophilus.

From the order Hymenoptera, for example Diprion spp., Hoplocampa spp., Lasius spp., Monomorium pharaonis, Vespa spp.

From the order Diptera, for example Aedes spp., Anopheles spp., Culex spp., Drosophila melanogaster, Musca spp., Fannia spp., Calliphora erythrocephala, Lucilia spp., Chrysomyia spp., Cuterebra spp., Gastrophilus spp., Hyppobosca spp., Stomoxys spp., Oestrus spp., Hypoderma spp., Tabanus spp., Tannia spp., Bibio hortulanus, Oscinella frit, Phorbia spp., Pegomyia hyoscyami, Ceratitis capitata, Dacus oleae, Tipula paludosa, Hulemyia spp., Liriomyza spp.

From the order Siphonaptera, for example Xenopsylla cheopis, Ceratophyllus spp.

Of the class Arachnida, for example Scorpio maurus, Latrodectus mactans, Acarus siro, Argas spp., Ornithodoros spp., Dermanyssus gallinae, Eriophyes ribis, Phyllocoptruta oleivora, Boophilus spp., Rhipicephalus spp., Amblyomma spp., Hyalomma spp., Ixodes spp., Psoropfces spp., Chorioptes spp., Sarcoptes spp., Tarsonemus spp., Bryobia praetiosa, Panonychus spp., Tetranychus spp., Hemitarsonemus spp., Brevipalpus spp.

For nematodes, parasitic plants include, for example, Pratylenchus spp., Radopholus similis, Ditylenchus dipsaci, Tyienchulus semipenetrans, Heterodera spp., Globodera spp., Meloidogyne spp., Aphelenchoides spp., Longidorus spp., Xiphinema spp., Trichodorus spp., Bursaphelenchus spp.

According to the invention it is possible to treat all plants or plant parts. Under the plant understands all plants and plant populations as desired and undesired wild or cultivated plants (including naturally occurring crop plants). Cultivated plants are plants obtained by conventional methods of growing and cultivation or Biot is geologicheskiy and gentechnologie methods or combinations of these methods, including the transgenic plants and including the plant varieties protected or not protected by the right of protection of the variety. Under parts of plants understand all above the soil surface and below-ground parts and organs of plants, such as seedlings, leaves, flowers and roots, and, for example, are the leaves, needles, stems, trunks, flowers, fruit body, fruits and seeds and also roots, tubers and korenok. The plant parts also include the yield and vegetative and generative material for reproduction, for example seedlings (seedlings), tubers of korenok, cuttings and seeds.

Processing plants and parts of plants according to the invention, only compounds of the formula (I) or especially combinations of active substances according to the invention, occurs through a direct effect or impact on the environment, living space or space where storage, traditional methods, such as dipping, spraying, evaporation, fogging, rubbing, brushing, and in the case of planting material, especially seeds, in addition, a single-layer or multilayer wrapping.

As already mentioned above, in accordance with the invention, it is possible to treat all plants and their parts. In one preferred form of embodiment the process decorate what their plants or types of plants and plant varieties, obtained by conventional biological methods of cultivation, such as crossing or merging protoplast, as well as parts of plants. In another preferred form of embodiment of the process of transgenic plants and plant varieties that transgenic methods, optionally in combination with conventional methods (genetically modified organisms). The notion of "part", "parts of plants" explained above.

Especially preferably treated in accordance with the invention of commercial plants or applied plant varieties.

Depending on plant species, respectively, plant varieties, location and growth conditions (soils, climate, vegetation period, diet) as a result of processing in accordance with the invention may be suradditions ("synergistic") effects. So, for example, may decrease the number of used substances and/or expanding the range of actions and/or enhanced activity of substances and agents used according to the invention, better plant growth, increased tolerance to high or low temperatures, increased tolerance to moisture or salt content in water, respectively, in the soil, improved performance when flowering, easier harvesting, accelerated maturation, higher the Rozaje, higher quality and/or higher nutritional value of the products of the harvest, the best persistence during storage, and/or better processability harvest products that extend beyond the expected effects.

To the preferred transgenic (obtained by genetic technologies) plants, respectively, plant varieties, which should be treated according to the invention include all plants which received the genetic material in the modification of gene technology, which gave these plants are especially preferred securities properties ("Traits"). Examples of such properties is the best plant growth, increased tolerance to high or low temperatures, increased tolerance to moisture or salt content in water, respectively, in the soil, improved performance when flowering, easier harvesting, accelerated maturation, higher yield, higher quality and/or higher nutritional value of the products of the harvest, the best persistence during storage, and/or better processability harvest products. Other especially preferred examples of such properties is the increased resistance of plants to animal pests and microbes, such as insects, mites, pathogens of plants, fungi, bacteria and/or viruses, and also increased the traveler tolerance of the plants to certain herbicide active substances. As examples of transgenic plants especially preferably to mention important cultivated plants such as cereals (wheat, rice), maize, rice, soybeans, potatoes, cotton, canola, and also fruit plants (with the fruits apples, pears, citrus fruits and grapes), with corn, soybeans, potatoes, cotton and oilseed rape are particularly preferred. As properties (Traits) particularly prefer the increased resistance of plants to insects in connection with, resulting in plants with toxins, especially those that are created using genetic material from Bacillus Thuringiensis (for example, using the genes CryIA(a), CryIA(b)CryIA(c), CryIIA, CryIIIA, CryIIIB2, Cry9c, Cry2Ab, r3b and CryIF and also combinations thereof) in plants (hereinafter "BT. plants"). As properties ("Traits") more particularly valued the increased tolerance of the plants in relation to certain herbicide active substances, for example, imidazolines, sulfonylureas, glyphosate or phosphinotricin (for example the "PAT"gene). The genes responsible for desirable properties ("Traits"), can occur in transgenic plants and in combinations with each other. As examples of "BT. plants include varieties of corn, cotton varieties, soybean varieties and potato varieties which are supplied under the trade marks YIELD GARD® (for example, corn, cotton, soybeans), KnockOut® (for example maize), StarLink® (for example, corn), Bolgard® (cotton), Nucotn® (cotton) and NewLeaf® (potatoes). As examples tolerant to herbicides plant should be called varieties of corn, cotton varieties and soybean varieties which are supplied under the trademark Roundup Ready® (tolerance glyphosate, for example maize, cotton, soya). Liberty Link® (tolerance to phosphinotricin, for example rape), IMI® (tolerance imidazolinones) and STS® (tolerance to sulfonylureas, corn). As herbicide-tolerant (traditionally grown as tolerant to herbicides) plants should be mentioned and included under the name Clearfield® varieties (e.g., corn). It is clear that these statements are true for varieties of plants that will be created in the future, respectively, which in the future will go to market with these or in the future created genetic properties ("Traits").

The above plants can be particularly preferably processed in accordance with the invention the mixtures of active substances according to the invention. Preferred mixtures of area ratios given above is also valid for the processing of these plants. Particularly preferred processing plant compounds specifically described in this text.

The ratio of the used compounds of the formula (I) and compounds of formula (II), and the total number using the Noah mixture depends on the type and prevalence of insects. The optimum ratio and total amounts for each application to be determined using a series of test. Typically, the ratio of the compounds of formula (I) and compounds of formula (II) is from 1:100 to 100:1, preferably from 1:25 to 25:1 and particularly preferably from 1:5 to 5:1.

The combination of active substances can be converted into customary formulations, such as solutions, emulsions, powders for spraying, suspensions, powders, tools for pollination, pastes, soluble powders, granules, suspension-emulsion concentrates, natural and synthetic substances impregnated with active substances, as well as fine capsules in polymeric substances.

These formulations are prepared by known methods, for example, by mixing the active substances with solvents, i.e. liquid and/or solid carriers, optionally with the use of surface-active agents, that is emulsifying and/or dispersing funds, and/or foaming of the funds.

In the case of using water as a diluent may, for example, to use organic solvents as auxiliary means of improving the dissolution. As solvents in the least significant mean: aromatics, such as xylene, toluene or alkylnaphthalenes, chlorinated aromatic compounds the Oia and chlorinated aliphatic hydrocarbons, such as chlorobenzene, chloroethylene or methylene chloride, aliphatic hydrocarbons, such as cyclohexane or paraffins, for example, oils, mineral and vegetable oils, alcohols, such as butanol or glycol and also their ethers and esters, ketones such as acetone, methyl ethyl ketone, methyl isobutyl ketone or cyclohexanone, cinnaprarie solvents, such as dimethylformamide and dimethylsulfoxide, and water.

As solid carriers are: for example ammonium salts or grinding of natural stones, such as kaolin, alumina, talc, chalk, quartz, attapulgite, montmorillonite or diatomaceous earth, and the grinding of synthetic stones, such as highly dispersed silicic acid, alumina and silicates, as solid carriers for granules mean: crushed and fractionated natural rocks such as calcite, marble, pumice, sepiola, dolomite, and also synthetic granules of inorganic or organic flour and granules of organic material such as wood sawdust, coconut shell, corn cobs and stalks of tobacco; as emulsifying and/or foam-forming means mean: for example nonionic and anionic emulsifiers, such as ester polyoxyethylenic acid, ether polyoxyethylenated is pirta, for example, alkylaryl-polyglycolic ether, alkyl sulphonates, alkyl sulphates, arylsulfonate, and also protein hydrolysates; as dispersing funds mean: for example, waste lignin-sulfite liquors and methylcellulose.

The formulations can be applied substances that improve adhesion, such as carboxymethylcellulose, natural or synthetic, powder, granular or latex form polymers, such as gum Arabic, polyvinyl alcohol, polyvinyl acetate, and also natural phospholipids, such as Catalina and lecithins, and synthetic phospholipids. Other additives can be mineral and vegetable oils.

Can be applied colorants such as inorganic pigments, for example iron oxide, titanium oxide, ferrocen blue, and organic dyestuffs, such as alizarin, azo and metallophthalocyanine dyes, and trace amounts of micronutrients, such as iron salts, manganese, boron, copper, cobalt, molybdenum and zinc.

The formulations contain, as a rule, from 0.1 to 95 wt.% the active substance, preferably from 0.5 to 90 wt.% the active substance.

The combination of active substances according to the invention, can be presented in the form of ordinary commercial formulations and in the prepared from these formulations form for use in mixture with other activemessage, such as insecticides, attractants, sterilizing agents, bactericides, acaricides, nematicides, fungicides, substances that regulate the growth of plants, or herbicides. The insecticides include, for example, phosphoric esters, carbamates, esters, carboxylic acids, chlorinated hydrocarbons, prilocaine, substances obtained by using microorganisms, and others.

Particularly favorable primitively partners include, for example, the following:

Fungicides:

Aldemar, aspropirgos, lampropeltis-potassium, andapril, anilazine, azaconazole, AZOXYSTROBIN,

benalaxyl, Benadryl, benomyl, benzamycin, benzamycin-isobutyl, bialaphos, binapacryl, biphenyl, bitertanol, blasticidin-S, bromuconazole, bupirimate, butiaba,

calcium polysulphide, capsaicin, captafol, Captan, carbendazim, carboxin, carvon, chinomethionat, klobenstein, chlorbenzol, chloroneb, chloropicrin, CHLOROTHALONIL, chlozolinate, hasilkan, kurane, having cymoxanil, tsyprokonazolu, cyprodinil, zipform,

debaker, dichlorophen, diclobutrazol, dichlofluanid, declomycin, dicloran, dietphenterm, difenoconazol, dimethirimol, dimethomorph, diniconazole, diniconazole-M, dinocap, diphenylamine, dipyrithione, datalists, dithianon, dodemont, dodine, drazoxolon,

edifenphos, epoxiconazol, itaconate, ethirimol, etridiazole,

famoxadone, verapamil, Hairdryer shall imol, fenbuconazole, fanforum, penetapan, fenpiclonil, fenpropidin, fenpropimorph, fentiazac, fistinginaction, ferbam, verison, fluazinam, flamethower, fluorone, fluquinconazole, flurried, flusilazol, fluotitanic, flutolanil, flutriafol, folpet, fosetyl-aluminum, fosetyl-sodium, phtalic, fuberidazole, parallaxis, parameter, percarbonic, vorconizole, vorconizole-CIS, formations,

guazatine,

hexachlorobenzene, hexaconazole, hymexazol,

imazalil, kabekona, iminoctadine, iminoctadine, iminoctadine, iodosorb, ipconazole, iprobenfos (IBP), iprodion, arunamarin, isoprothiolane, isovaleryl,

kasugamycin, kresoxim-methyl, copper compounds such as copper hydroxide, copper naphthenate, copper oxychloride, copper sulphate, copper oxide, oxin-copper and Bordeaux mixture,

marcopper, MANCOZEB, MANEB, severinson, mepanipyrim, mepronil, metalaxyl, metconazole, metasurfaces, mefenoxam, metiram, matomela, metalhawk, millionizer, myclobutanil, mickleton,

the Nickel dimethyldithiocarbamate, nitrates-isopropyl, nuarimol,

operate, oxadixyl, oxamate, oxolinic, oxycarboxin, oxidation,

paclobutrazol, peyratout, penconazole, pencycuron, forgiven, pimaricin, piperalin, polyoxin, palikari, provenzal, prochloraz, procymidone, propamocarb, propanoic sodium, propion is angry propineb, pyrazophos, pirivenas/ Pyrimethanil, pyroquilon, proxyfor,

winconsole/ quintozene (PCNB), sulfur and compounds with sulphur,

the tebuconazole, telital, tecnazene, tetcyclacis, tetraconazole, thiabendazol, tilian, leflunamide, thiophanate-methyl, thiram, dioxime, tolclofos-methyl, tolylfluanid, triadimefon, triadimenol, triazolyl, triazoxide, trihemic, tricyclazole, tridemorph, triflumizole, triforine, triticonazole,

uniconazole,

validamycin And, vinclozolin, viceconsul,

Suriname, zineb, Zir, and

dagger G,

OK-8705,

OK-8801,

α-(1,1-dimethylethyl)-β-(2-phenoxyethyl)-1H-1,2,4-triazole-1-ethanol,

α-(2,4-dichlobenil)-β-fluoro-b-propyl-1H-1,2,4-triazole-1-ethanol,

α-(2,4-dichlorophenyl)-β-methoxy-a-methyl-1H-1,2,4-triazole-1-ethanol,

α-(5-methyl-1,3-dioxane-5-yl)-β-[[4- (trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-methylene]-1H-1,2,4-triazole-1-ethanol,

(5RS,6RS)-6-hydroxy-2,2,7,7-tetramethyl-5-(1H-1,2,4-triazole-1-yl)-3-octanone,

(E)-and(methoxyimino)-N-methyl - 2-phenoxy-phenylacetamide,

1-isopropyl ether {2-methyl-1-[[[1-(4-were)ethyl]amino]carbonyl]propyl}-carbamino acid,

1-(2,4-dichlorophenyl)-2-(1H-1,2,4-triazole-1-yl)-alanon-O-(phenyl-methyl)-oxime,

1-(2-methyl-1-naphthalenyl)-1H-pyrrole-2,5-dione,

1-(3,5-dichlorophenyl)-3-(2-propenyl)-2,5-pyrrolidinedione,

1-[(diiodomethyl)sulfonyl]-4-methylbenzol,

1-[[2-(2,4-dichlorophenyl)-1,3-dioxolane-2-and the]methyl]-1H-imidazole,

1-[[2-(4-chlorophenyl)-3-phenyloxirane]methyl]-1H-1,2,4-triazole,

1-[1-[2-[(2,4-dichlorophenyl)methoxy]phenyl]ethynyl]-1H-imidazole,

1-methyl-5-nonyl-2-(phenylmethyl)-3-pyrrolidino,

2',6'-dibromo-2-methyl-4'-triptoreline-4'-trifluoromethyl-1,3-thiazole-5-carboxanilide,

2,2-dichloro-N-[1-(4-chlorophenyl)ethyl]-1-ethyl-3-methylcyclopropane-carboxamide,

2,6-dichloro-5-(methylthio)-4-pyridinyl-thiocyanate,

2,6-dichloro-N-(4-trifloromethyl)-benzamid,

2,6-dichloro-N-[[(4-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]methyl]-benzamide,

2-(2,3,3-triiodothyronine-2-propenyl)-2H-tetrazol,

2-[(1-methylethyl)sulfonyl]-5-(trichloromethyl)-1,3,4-thiadiazole,

2-[[6-deoxy-4-O-(4-O-methyl-β-D-glycopyranosyl)-a-D-glyukopiranozil]amino]-4-methoxy-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidine-5-carbonyl,

2 aminobutane,

2-bromo-2-(methyl bromide)-pentanedinitrile,

2-chloro-N-(2,2-dihydro-1,1,3-trimethyl-1H-inden-4-yl)-3-pyridine-carboxamide,

2-chloro-N-(2,6-dimetilfenil)-N-(isothiocyanates)-ndimethylacetamide,

2-phenylphenol (ORR),

3,4-dichloro-1-[4-(deformedarse)phenyl]-1H-pyrrole-2,5-dione,

3,5-dichloro-N-[cyan[(1-methyl-2-PROPYNYL)oxy]methyl]-benzamide,

3-(1,1-dimethylpropyl-1-oxo)-1H-inden-2-carbonitril,

3-[2-(4-chlorophenyl)-5-ethoxy-3-isoxazolidine]-pyridine,

4-chloro-2-cyan-N,N-dimethyl-5-(4-were)-1H-imidazole-1-sulfonamide,

4-methyl-tetrazolo[1,5-a]hinzelin-5(4H)-he,

8-(1,1-dimethylethyl-N-ethyl-N-propyl-1,4-dioxaspiro[4,5]decane-2-methanamine,

8-hydroxyindole the sulfate

N-xanthene-9-carboxylic acid-2-[(phenylamino)carbonyl]-hydrazide,

bis-(1-methylethyl)-3-methyl-4-[(3-methylbenzoyl)oxy]-2,5-thiophene, in primary forms,

CIS-1-(4-chlorophenyl)-2-(1H-1,2,4-triazole-1-yl)-Cyclopentanol,

hydrochloride CIS-4-[3-[4-(1,1-dimethylpropyl)-phenyl-2-methyl-propyl]-2,6-dimethyl]-research

ethyl-[(4-chlorophenyl)-azo]-cyanoacetate,

Bogorodchany potassium

sodium salt metanarrative,

methyl-1-(2,3-dihydro-2,2-dimethyl-1H-inden-1-yl)-1H-imidazole-5-carboxylate,

methyl-N-(2,6-dimetilfenil)-N-(5-isoxazolidinone)-DL-alaninate,

methyl-N-(chloroacetyl)-N-(2,6-dimetilfenil)-DL-alaninate, carboxamide N-(2,3-dichloro-4-hydroxyphenyl)-1-methyl-cyclohexane,

the ndimethylacetamide N-(2,6-dimetilfenil)-2-methoxy-N-(tetrahydro-2-oxo-3-furanyl),

the ndimethylacetamide N-(2,6-dimetilfenil)-2-methoxy-N-(tetrahydro-2-oxo-3-tanila),

the sulfonamide N-(2-chloro-4-nitrophenyl)-4-methyl-3-nitrobenzene,

N-(4-cyclohexylphenol)-1,4,5,6-tetrahydro-2-pyrimidinamine,

N-(4-hexylphenyl)-1,4,5,6-tetrahydro-2-pyrimidinamine,

the ndimethylacetamide N-(5-chloro-2-were)-2-methoxy-N-(2-oxo-3-oxazolidinyl),

carboxamide N-(6-methoxy)-3-pyridinyl)-cyclopropane,

benzamide N-[2,2,2-trichloro-1-[(chloroacetyl)amino]ethyl],

amide N - [3-chloro-4,5-bis-(2-propenyloxy)phenyl]-N'-methoxy-methane-imide,

sodium salt of N-formyl-N-hydroxy-DL-alanine,

O,O-diethyl-[2-(dipropylamino)-2-oxoethyl]-ethylphosphonate,

O-methyl-S-phenyl-phenylpropionamide,

S-methyl-1,2,3-benzothiadiazole-7-carbothioic,

Spiro[2H]-1-benzopyran-2,1'(3 N)-isobenzofuran]-3'-he,

Bactericides:

bronopol, dichlorophen, nitrapyrin, Nickel dimethyldithiocarbamate, kasugamycin, Actelion, francebuy acid, oxytetracycline, provenzal, streptomycin, telital, copper sulfate and other compounds containing copper,

Insecticides /acaricides/ nematicides:

the abamectin, acephate, acetamiprid, acrinathrin, alankar, aldicarb, aldoxycarb, alpha-cypermethrin, alphamethrin, amitraz, avermectin, AZ 60541, azadirachtin, azamethiphos, azinphos And, azinphos M, azocyclotin,

Bacillus popilliae, Bacillus sphaericus, Bacillus subtilis, Bacillus thurigiensis, Baculo viruses, Beauveria bassiana, Beauveria tenella, bendiocarb, benfuracarb, bensultap, benoxinate, betacyfluthrin, bifenazate, bifenthrin, bioeconomical, bioprotein, VRMS, bromophos And, bofenkamp, buprofezin, butamifos, butocarboxim, butylparaben,

cadusafos, carbaryl, carbofuran, carbophenothion, carbosulfan, cartap, cloethocarb, chlorethoxyfos, chlorfenapyr, chlorfenvinfos, chlorfluazuron, chlormephos, chlorpyrifos, chlorpyrifos M, javaparty, CIS-resmethrin, caspermeyer, claritin, cloethocarb, clofentezine, cyanophos, cyclodiene, cicloprofen, cyfluthrin, cigalotrin, cyhexatin, cypermethrin, cyromazine,

deltamethrin, demeton-M, demeton S, S-methyl, diafenthiuron, diazinon, dichlorvos, diflubenzuron, dimethoate, dimethylene, giovanola, disulfoton, docusinate-sodium, dienen,

afliliate, emamectin, empenthrin, endosulfan, Entomopfthora spp., esfenvalerate, ethiofencarb, ation, ethoprophos, etofenprox, etoxazole, etrimfos,

fenamiphos, fenazaquin, fenbutatin oxide, fenitrothion, fanatical, tenoxicam, fenoxycarb, fenpropathrin, feneral, generatin, fenpyroximate, fenvalerate, fipronil, fluazinam, fluazuron, lubricant, flucycloxuron, flucythrinate, flufenoxuron, Florentine, fluvalinate, fonofos, tomatlan, fosthiazate, tupfenrock, furathiocarb,

granule-like viruses

halogenated, HCH, heptenophos, hexaflumuron, hexythiazox, hydroprene,

Imidacloprid, isazofos, isofenphos, isoxathion, ivermectin, viruses polyedrum nucleus

lambda tigatron, lufenuron,

Malathion, mecarbam, metaldehyde, metamidophos, Metharhizium anisopliae, Metharhizium flavoviride, mitigation, methiocarb, methomyl, methoxyfenozide, metolcarb, methoxymethane, mevinphos, milbemectin, monocrotophos,

naled, nitenpyram, nithiazine, novaluron, omethoate, oxamyl, oxydemeton M,

Paecilomyces fumosoroseus, parathion And parathion M, permethrin, pentat, Fort, phosalone, phosmet, phosphamidon, phoxim, pirimicarb, pirimiphos And, pirimiphos M, profenofos, promecarb, propoxur, prothiofos, procoat, p is metrozine, pyraclofos, piezotron, feverfew, pyridaben, predation, pyrimidifen, pyriproxifen,

finalpos,

ribavirin

coalition, sabots, selflove, spinosad, sulfotep, sulprofos,

Tau-fluvalinate, tebufenozide, tebufenpyrad, tebupirimfos, teflubenzuron, tefluthrin, temephos, timelines, terbufos, tetrachlorvinphos, theta-cypermethrin, thiamethoxam, tiopronin, tiatives, thiocyclam hydrogen oxalates, thiodicarb, thiofanox, thuringiensis, telocity, tralomethrin, triratna, triazamate, triazophos, treasure, ticlopidine, trichlorfon, triflumuron, trimeter,

validation, winelibrary, Verticillium lecanii,

YI 5302,

Zeta-cypermethrin, sulprofos,

(1R-CIS)-[5-(phenylmethyl)-3-furanyl]-methyl-3-[(dihydro-2-oxo-

3(2H)-furylidene)methyl]-2,2-dimethylcyclopropanecarboxylate,

(3-phenoxyphenyl)-methyl-2,2,3,3-tetramethylcyclopropanecarboxylate,

1-[(2-chloro-5-thiazolyl)methyl)]tetrahydro-3,5-dimethyl-N-nitro-1,3,5-triazine-2(1H)-Imin,

2-(2-chloro-6-forfinal)-4-[4-(1,1-dimethylethyl)phenyl]-4,4-dihydro-oxazol,

2-(atomic charges)-3-dodecyl-1,4-naphthalenedione,

benzamide 2-chloro-N-[[[4-(1-phenylethane)phenyl]amino]carbonyl],

benzamide 2-chloro-N-[[[4-(2,2-dichloro-1,1-diflorasone)phenyl]amino]carbonyl],

3-were-propylgallate,

4-[4-(4-ethoxyphenyl)-4-methylpentyl]-1-fluoro-2-phenoxybenzoyl,

4-chloro-2-(1,1-dimethylethyl)-5-[[2-(2,6-dimethyl-4-phenoxyphenol and)-ethyl]thio]-3(2H)pyridazinone,

4-chloro-2-(2-chloro-2-methylpropyl)-5-[(6-iodine-3-pyridinyl)methoxy]-3(2H)pyridazinone,

4-chloro-5-[(6-chloro-3-pyridinyl)methoxy]-2-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)-3(2H)pyridazinone,

Bacillus thuringiensis line EG-2348,

[2-benzoyl-1-(1,1-dimethylethyl)]-benzoic hydrazide kilty,

2,2-dimethyl-3-(2,4-dichlorophenyl)-2-oxo-1-oxaspiro[4,5]Dec-3-EN-4-silt ether butane acid,

[3-[(6-chloro-3-pyridinyl)methyl]-2-thiazolidinone]-cyanamide,

dihydro-2-(nitromethylene)-2H-1,3-thiazin-3(4H)-carboxaldehyde,

ethyl-[2-[[1,6-dihydro-6-oxo-1-(phenylmethyl)-4-pyridazinyl]-oxy]ethyl]-carbamate,

N-(3,4,4-Cryptor-1-oxo-3-butenyl)-glycine,

N-(4-chlorophenyl)-3-[4-(deformedarse)phenyl]-4,5-dihydro-4-phenyl-1H-pyrazole-1-carboxamide,

N-[(2-chloro-5-thiazolyl)methyl]-N'-methyl-N ' -nitro-guanidine,

N-methyl-N'-(1-methyl-2-propenyl)-1,2-hydrazinecarbothioamide,

N-methyl-N'-2-propenyl-1,2-hydrazinecarbothioamide,

O,O-diethyl-[2-(dipropylamino)-2-oxoethyl]-ethylphosphonate.

It is also possible mixing with other known active substances, such as herbicides, or with fertilizers and growth regulators.

The combination of active substances according to the invention, moreover, when used as insecticides can be presented in the form of ordinary commercial formulations or in the form prepared from these formulations form for use in a mixture with synergistic agents. Synergistic substances is a - these are substances, which increases the efficiency of active substances, but added very synergistic substance is not necessarily active.

The content of active substance in the form for application, prepared from the commercial formulations can vary within wide limits. The concentration of the active substances in the forms for the application is in the range from 0.0000001 to 95 wt.% the active substance, preferably from 0.0001 to 1 wt.%.

Application carried out in the usual way appropriate for the application.

When applied against pests that are dangerous for hygiene or for the stored reserves of harvest, the combination of active substances find a very good residual action on wood and on earth, as well as a good stability to alkali on calcareous substrates.

The combination of active substances according to the invention act not only against pests, dangerous for plants, hygiene, or for stored reserves of harvest, but also in veterinary medical practice, against animal parasites (ectoparasites), such as pasture mites, skin mites, mange mites and scabies, krasnoselka, flies (biting and licking), parasitic larvae of flies, lice, ect., hematophagous biting and fleas. Such parasites include:

From squad Anoplurida, for example, Haematopinus spp., Linognathus spp., Pediculus spp., Phtrus spp., Solenopotes spp.

From squad Mallophagida and suborders Amblycerina and Ischnocerina, for example, Trimenopon spp., Menopon spp., Trinoton spp., Bovicola spp., Werneckiella spp., Lepikentron spp., Damalina spp., Trichodectes spp., Felicola spp.

From the order Diptera and the suborders Nematocerina and Brachycerina, for example, Aedes spp., Anopheles spp., Culex spp., Simulium spp., Eusimulium spp., Phlebotomus spp., Lutzomyia spp., Culicoides spp., Chrysops spp., H. spp., Atylotus spp., Tabanus spp., Haematopota spp,, Philipomyia spp., Braula spp., Musca spp., Hydrotaea spp., Stomoxys spp., Haematobia spp., Morellia spp., Fannia spp., Glossina spp., Calliphora spp., Lucilia spp., Chrysomyia spp., Wohlfahrtia spp., Sarcophaga spp., Oestrus spp., Hypoderma spp., Gasterophilus spp., Hippobosca spp., Lipoptena spp., Melophagus spp.

From squad Siphonapterida, for example, Pulex spp., Ctenocephalides spp., Xenopsylla spp., Ceratophyllus spp.

From squad Heteropterida, for example, Cimex spp., Triatoma spp., Rhodnius spp., Panstrongylus spp.

From squad Blattarida, for example, Blatta orientalis, Periplaneta americana, Blatella germanica, Supella spp.

From the subclass of the Acaria (Acarida) and the units of Meta-and Mesostigmata, for example Argas spp., Ornithodorus spp., Otobius spp., Ixodes spp., Amblyomma spp., Boophilus spp., Dermacentor spp., Haemophysalis spp., Hyalomma spp., Rhipicephalus spp., Dermanyssus spp., Raillietia spp., Pneumonyssus spp., Sternostoma spp., Varroa spp.

Unit Actinedida (Prostigmata) and Acaridida (Astigmata), for example, Acarapis spp., Cheyletiella spp., Ornithocheyletia spp., Myobia spp., Psorergates spp., Demodex spp., Trombicula spp., Listrophorus spp., Acarus spp., Tyrophagus spp., Caloglyphus spp., Hypodectes spp., Pterolichus spp., Psoroptes spp., Chorioptes spp., Otodectes spp., Sarcoptes spp., Notoedres spp., Knemidocoptes spp., Cytodites spp., Laminosioptes spp.

The active substances according to the invention, suitable for the fight against blood-sucking arthropods that attack useful agricultural who's animals for example, cows, sheep, goats, horses, pigs, donkeys, camels, Buffalo, rabbits, chickens, turkeys, ducks, geese, honeybees, other domestic animals such as dogs, cats, pet birds, aquarium fish and so-called experimental animals such as hamsters, Guinea pigs, rats and mice. In the fight against these blood-sucking arthropods achieve that avoid deaths and reduce production losses (in the production of meat, milk, wool, skins, eggs, honey and so on). Thus, the use of combinations of active substances according to the invention, creates the opportunity for a more cost-effective and simple cattle.

The use of combinations of active substances according to the invention, occurs in veterinary practice in the usual way with the introduction of the intestine, for example, in the form of tablets, capsules, drinks, impregnations, granules, pastes, pills, food, petals, parenteral, for example, with injections (intramuscularly, with cateora, intravenous, vnutriuretrale and others), in the form of implants, with the introduction of the nose, skin application, for example, dipping or bathing (Dippen), spraying (Spray), pouring over the top (Pour-on and Spot-on), washing, audriana, and by containing the active substance of the bodies of a certain shape, such as collars, ear marks, tail mA is key, tape on various parts of the body, headbands, marking devices, and so forth.

When applied to livestock, poultry, Pets and the like can be used active substances in the form of formulations (for example powders, emulsions, liquid assets), which contain the active substance in an amount of from 1 to 80 wt.%, directly or after 100 to 10,000-fold dilution, or used as a chemical bath.

In addition, it was found that the combination of active substances according to the invention have a high insecticidal activity against insects which destroy technical materials.

As an example, and preferably but not limited to - mention should be made of the following insects:

beetles, such as

Hylotrupes bajulus, Chlorophorus pilosis, Anobium punctatum, Xestobium rufovillosum, Ptilinus pecticornis, Dendrobium pertinex, Ernobius mollis, Priobium carpini, Lyctus brunneus, Lyctus africanus, Lyctus planicollis, Lyctus linearis, Lyctus pubescens, Trogoxylon aequale, Minthes rugicollis, Xyleborus spec. Tryptodendron spec. Apate monachus, Bostrychus capucins, Heterobostrychus brunneus, Sinoxylon spec. Dinoderus minutus,

hymenopterans, such as

Sirex juvencus, Urocerus gigas, Urocerus gigas taignus, Urocerus: augur,

termites, such as:

Kalotermes flavicollis, Cryptotermes brevis, Heterotermes indicola, Reticulitermes flavipes, Reticulitermes santonensis, Reticulitermes lucifugus, Mastotermes darwiniensis, Zootermopsis nevadensis, Coptotermes formosanus,

Seinajoki, such as Lepisma saccharina.

Under the technical materials in connection with the foregoing ledue is to understand the materials, such as, preferably, plastics, adhesives, clay, paper and cardboard, leather, wood, wood processing products and paints.

Particularly preferably mean protective materials from attack by insects to protect the wood and of products of wood processing.

Under the timber and wood processing products that can be protected by means of, according to the invention, respectively, mixtures containing these means, for example, to understand:

construction timber, wooden beams, railway sleepers, parts of bridges, ship walls, wooden carts, boxes, pallets, containers, telephone poles, wood veneer, wooden Windows and doors, plywood, fasteners, plates, millwork and products of wood, which, as a rule, are used in housing construction and in building joiner's works.

The combination of active substances can be used as such in the form of concentrates or generally applicable formulations, such as powders, granulates, solutions, suspensions, emulsions or pastes.

These formulations can be produced by known methods, for example, by mixing the active substances with at least one solvent, respectively, diluent, emulsifier, dispersant and/or bind or commit the means, water-repellent, if necessary, by drying or UV stabilizer and, if necessary, dyes and pigments, as well as other assistive technology for processing.

Insecticidal preparations or concentrates used for protection of wood and wood products contain active substance according to the invention in a concentration from 0.0001 to 95 wt.%, preferably, from 0.001 to 60 wt.%.

The number of the used means, respectively, of the concentrate depends on the type and distribution of insects, and habitat. The optimal applied amount may, at the application be determined by using a series of test. As a rule, it is sufficient to apply from 0.0001 to 20 wt.%, preferably, from 0.001 to 10 wt.% the active substance, in terms of the protected material.

The solvent and/or diluent is an organic chemical solvent or solvent mixture and/or oil or oily volatile ingredients organic chemical solvent or solvent mixture and/or a polar organic chemical solvent or solvent mixture and/or water and, if necessary, an emulsifier and/or wetting agent.

As the organic chemical solvent used is preferably an oil or oily solvents factor volatile the tee above 35 and a flashpoint of above 30° With, preferably, more than 45°C. as such volatile ingredients, water-insoluble oil and oily solvents used appropriate oils or their fractions containing aromatic compounds, or a mixture of solvents containing oil, preferably, the test gasoline, kerosene and/or alkylbenzene.

Preferred to apply the oil with a boiling point in the range from 170 to 220°With test gas with a boiling point in the range from 170 to 220°, spun the oil with a boiling point in the range from 250 to 350°, kerosene, respectively, aromatic compounds with a boiling point in the range from 160 to 280°, terpentine and the like.

In one of the preferred forms of embodiment of the use of liquid aliphatic hydrocarbons with a boiling point in the range from 180 to 210°or high-boiling mixtures of aromatic and aliphatic hydrocarbons with a boiling point in the range from 180 to 220°and/or spun oil, and/or monochromator, preferably α-monochromation.

Organic volatile ingredients oil or oily solvents factor volatility over 35 and a flash point above 30°C, preferably above 45°may be partially replaced easily and sredneetazhnye organic chemical solvents priruslovye, the mixture of solvents will also have a coefficient of volatility over 35 and a flash point above 30°C, preferably above 45°and that the mixture of insecticide-fungicide may be emulsified or dissolved in this solvent mixture.

When one of the preferred embodiments the portion of the organic chemical solvent or solvent mixture is replaced by an aliphatic polar organic chemical solvent or solvent mixture. Preferably used aliphatic organic chemical solvents containing hydroxyl and/or ether and/or ester groups, such as, for example, glycol ether, ester or the like.

As organic chemical binders in this invention, use is known in themselves, diluted with water and/or soluble or dispersible, respectively, emulsifiable used organic chemical solvents, synthetic resins and/or binding drying oils. Especially applicable binders consisting of or containing acrylic resin, vinyl resin, for example polyvinyl acetate, polyester resin, polycondensation resin or a resin obtained by polyprionidae, polyurethane resin, alkyd resin, respectively, modified alkyd resins which, phenolic resin, hydrocarbon resin, such as inden-coumarone resin, silicone resin, drying vegetable and/or drying oils and/or physically drying binders based on natural and/or artificial resins.

As the binder used synthetic resin in the form of an emulsion, dispersion or solution. As the binders used as bitumen or bituminous substances to 10 wt.%. Optionally use the known dyes, pigments, water-repellent materials, substances, corrective smell, and inhibitors, respectively, protection from corrosion and the like.

Preferably, according to the invention, the contents in the vehicle or in concentrate as organic, chemical binders, at least one alkyd resin, respectively, of a modified alkyd resin and/or a drying vegetable oil. Preferably used according to the invention, the alkyd resin with an oil content of more than 45 wt.%, preferably, from 50 to 68 wt.%.

Mentioned binder material may be completely or partially replaced with a fixing agent (mixture) or sleek agent (mixture). These additives should prevent the volatilization of the active substances, as well as crystallization, respectively, settling them. Preferably they C meshaut from 0.01 to 30% binder (in recalculation on 100% of the used binding material).

Softeners are selected from the chemical classes of esters of phthalic acid, such as dibutil, dioctyl or benzylbutylphthalate, esters of phosphoric acid such as tributyl phosphate, esters of adipic acid, such as di(2-ethylhexyl)adipate, stearates, such as butilstearat or amistart, oleates, such as butylurea, glycerol ethers or high molecular weight glycol ethers, glycerol esters and ethers of p-toluensulfonate acid.

The locking means as chemical bases contain polyvinyl alkalemia ethers, such as, for example, polivinilbutilovy ether, or ketones, such as benzophenone and atelevision.

As solvents and diluents have in mind in particular and water, optionally in a mixture with one or more of the above-mentioned organic chemical solvents, respectively, diluents, emulsifying and dispersing agents.

Particularly effective protection of wood is achieved by the means of industrial impregnation, for example, with the help of vacuum, double vacuum or under pressure.

Tools, ready to use, may optionally contain other insecticides and, if necessary, one or more fungicides.

At the same time the combination of active substances according to the finding, can be used for protection against fouling of objects, in particular, such as ship hulls, screens, nets, buildings, harbour moorings and signaling devices that are in contact with sea or ballast water.

Fouling settled Oligochaete, such as lime pipe makers, and by shells and species group Ledamorpha (filling shells), such as various species of Lepas and Scalpellum, or species group Balanomorpha (marine smallpox), such as Balanus or Pollicipes-Species, increases the frictional resistance of ships and as a result leads to higher energy costs and, in addition, the long stay in dry dock to an increase in operating expenses.

Along with fouling by algae, for example Ectocarpus sp. and Ceramium sp. of particular importance fouling settled entomostracous groups, which are United under the name of Cirripedia) (antennal crayfish).

It has been unexpectedly discovered that the combination of active substances according to the invention, show a very good effect against fouling (antifouling).

When using combinations of active substances according to the invention, can be ignored or significantly reduce the concentration of compounds containing heavy metals, such as, for example, bis-(triamcinolone)sulphides, tri-n-butylanisole, tri-n-butylalcohol, oxide copper(I), teatralova arid, tri-n-butyl(2-phenyl-4-chlorophenoxy)tin, oxide anti, molybdenum sulfide developed for resistance, arsenic oxide, polymer butylsilane, phenyl-(bis-pyridine)bismuthate, tri-n-butylalcohol, morganization-bis-THIOCARBAMATE, cincinati-dithiocarbamate, zincation-bis-THIOCARBAMATE, zinc and copper salts of 2-pyridinethiol-1 - oxide, bis-dimethyldithiocarbamic-zincation - bis-THIOCARBAMATE, zinc oxide, copper(I)-ethylene-bis-dithiocarbamate, copper thiocyanate, copper naphthenate and tributyl-olowokandi.

Ready to use anti-fouling paint may optionally contain other active substances, preferably, algaecides, fungicides, herbicides, molluscicides, respectively, other anti-fouling, of the active substance.

As a partner in combination antifouling means according to the invention, preferably fit:

algaecides, such as

2-tert-butylamino-4-cyclopropylamino-6-methylthio-1,3,5-triazine, dichlorophen, Diuron, endothal, fentiazac, Isoproturon, methabenzthiazuron, oxyfluorfen, hinkleman or terbutryn;

fungicides, such as

SS-dioxide cyclohexylamine benzo[b]thiophencarboxylic acid, dichlofluanid, floortype, 3-iodine-2-PROPYNYL-BUTYLCARBAMATE, tolylfluanid and azoles such as azaconazole, cyproconazole, epoxiconazole, hexaconazole, metconazole, propiconazole and tabuco the azoles;

molluscicide, such as

fentiazac, metaldehyde, methiocarb, niclosamide, thiodicarb and trimeters;

or conventional antifouling active substances, such as 4,5-dichloro-2-octyl-4-isothiazolin-3-one, iodmethylenetrialkyl, 2-(N,N-dimethylthiocarbamate)-5-nitrothiazole, potassium, copper, sodium and zinc salts of 2-pyridinethiol-1-oxide, pyridinethione, tetramethyldisiloxane, 2,3,5,6-Tetra-chloro-4-(methylsulphonyl)pyridine, 2,4,5,6-tetrachloroisophthalonitrile, tetramethylthiuramdisulphide and 2,4,6-trichloranisole-imide.

Apply antifouling products contain active substance according to the invention, with a concentration of from 0.001 to 50 wt.%, preferably, from 0.01 to 20 wt.%.

Antifouling products contain, in addition, a normal constituent parts, as described, for example, Ungerer, Cheni. Jnd., 1985, 37, 730 - 732 or Williams, Antifouling Marine Coatings, Noyes, Park Ridge, 1973.

Priobresti coating materials contain, along with algaecidal, fungicidal, molluscicidal and insecticidal active substances, in particular, binders.

Examples of commonly used binders are polyvinyl chloride in a solvent system, chlorinated rubber in a solvent system, acrylic resins in a solvent system, especially in an aqueous system, vinyl chloride/vinyl acetate copolymer systems in f is RME aqueous dispersions or in the form of systems of organic solvents, the butadiene/styrene/Acrylonitrile rubbers, drying oils such as linseed oil, ester resins or modified solid resins in combination with tar or bitumen, asphalt, and epoxysilane, small amounts of chlorinated rubber, chlorinated polypropylene and vinyl resins.

If necessary, coating materials include inorganic pigments, organic pigments or dyes, which are preferably insoluble in sea water. Next, the coating materials may contain kolofonium to create the possibility of controlled release of active substances. In addition, the coating materials may contain softeners, modifying means of influencing the rheological properties, as well as other conventional components. And self polishing antifouling system can be used in combination of active substances according to the invention.

Combinations of active substances are suitable for combating animal pests, especially insects, arachnids and mites, which live in confined spaces, such as apartments, factories, offices, cabins cars and others. They are used to combat these pests alone or in combination with other active or auxiliary substances in insecticide products to asnago economy. They are effective against susceptible and resistant species and at all stages of development. These pests include:

from squad Scorpionidea, for example, Buthus occitanus;

from the order Acarina, for example, Argas persicus, Argas reflexus, Bryobia ssp., Dermanyssus gallinae, Glyciphagus domesticus, Ornithodorus moubat, Rhipicephalus sanguineus, Trombicula alfreddugesi, Neutrombicula autumnalis, Dermatophagoides pteronissimus, Dermatophagoides forinae;

from the order Araneae, for example, Aviculariidae, Araneidae;

from the order Opiliones, for example, Pseudoscorpiones chelifer, Pseudoscorpiones cheiridium, Opiliones phalangium;

from the order Isopoda, for example Oniscus asellus, Porcellio scaber;

from the order Diplopoda, for example Blaniulus guttulatus, Polydesmus spp.;

from the order Chilopoda, for example Geophilus spp.;

from the order Zygentoma, for example, Ctenolepisma spp., Lepisma saccharina, Lepismodes inquilinus;

from the order Blattaria, for example, Blatta orientalies, Blattella germanica, Blatella asahinai, Leucophaea maderae, Panchlora spp., Parcoblatta spp., Periplaneta australasiae, Periplaneta americana, Periplaneta brunnea, Periplaneta fuliginosa, Supella longipalpa;

detachment of Saltatoria, for example, Acheta domesticus;

from the order Dermaptera, for example Forficula auricularia;

from the order Isoptera, for example, Kalotermes spp., Reticulitermes spp.;

from the order Psocoptera, for example, Lepinatus spp., Liposcelis spp.;

from the order Coleoptera, for example, Anthrenus spp., Attagenus spp., Dermestes spp., Latheticus oryzae, Necrobia spp., Ptinus spp., Rhizopertha dominica, Sitophilus granarius, Sitophilus oryzae, Sitophilus zeamais, Stegobium paniceum;

from the order Diptera, for example Aedes aegypti, Aedes albopictus, Aedes taeniorhynchus, Anopheles spp., Calliphora erythrocephala, Chrysozona pluvialis, Culex quinquefasciatus, Culex pipiens, Culex tarsalis, Drosophila spp., Fannia canicularis, Musca domestica, Phlebotomus spp., Sarcophaga carnaria, Simulium spp., Stomoxys calcitrans, Tipul paludosa;

from the order Lepidoptera, for example, Achroia grisella, Galleria mellonella, Plodia interpunctella, Tinea cloacella. Tinea pellionella, Tineola bisselliella;

from the order Siphonaptera, for example, Ctenocephalides canis, Ctenocephalides felis, Pulex irritans, Tunga penetrans, Xenopsylla cheopis;

from the order Hymenoptera, for example, Camponotus herculeanus, Lasius fuliginosus, Lasius niger, Lasius umbratus, Monomorium pharaonis, Paravespula spp., Tetramorium caespitum;

from the order Anoplura, for example, Pediculus humanus capitis, Pediculus humanus corporis, Phthirus pubis;

from squad Heleroptera, for example, Cimex hemipterus, Cimex lectularius, Rhodinus prolixus, Triatoma infestans.

The use of insecticides for household exercise and in combination with other suitable active compounds such as phosphoric esters, carbamates, pyrethroids, growth regulators or active compounds from other known classes of insecticides.

The application is carried out in the form of aerosols, spray, non-pressurized, for example sprays to spray pump for spraying machines for fog humidifiers in the form of a foam, gel, in the form of products of evaporation from the plates for evaporation of cellulose or plastic, in the form of evaporation of liquid, gel and membrane evaporators, evaporators with propeller systems, evaporation, not fueled by energy, respectively, in the form of passive systems evaporation, paper for moles, pouches for moths and moth gels in the form of granulates, dust and and, in the form of loose bait station with bait.

The combination of active substances according to the invention is used in amounts varying within wide limits depending on the method of application. When processing parts of plants used, the number of combinations of active substances are, as a rule, from 0.1 to 10,000 g/ha, preferably from 10 to 1000 g/ha

Good insecticidal and acaricidal action of combinations of active substances according to the invention, seen from the following examples. While the individual active substances exhibit a weak effect, their combinations show an effect that exceeds the simple sum of the effects.

A synergistic effect is present in insecticides and acaricides always the case, if the effect of the combination of active substances is greater than the sum of the effects separately applied active substances.

The expected effect of a given combination of two active compounds can be calculated according to S.R.Colby, Weeds, 15, (1967), 20 - 22, as follows:

if

X indicates the degree of devitalisation (killing) in % when applying the active substance And the number of m g/ha or in a concentration of m million shares.

Y means the degree of devitalisation % when applying the active substance In the number of n g/ha or in a concentration n million shares,

E indicates the degree of devitalisation in % when using Akti the different substances a and b in the amounts of m and n g/ha or in a concentration of m and n million shares

then we get

This will determine the level of devitalisation in %. 0% means the degree of devitalisation of control, while 100% means that all animals are euthanized and was not observed attacks.

If the actual degree of devitalisation (killing) more calculated, this means that the combination of her devitalisation of vergadain, i.e. there is a synergistic effect. In this case, we observed degree devitalisation must be greater than calculated by the formula above, the value for the expected degree of devitalisation (E).

Example

Aphis gossypii test

Solvent: 3 weight parts of dimethylformamide.

Emulsifier: 1 weight part alkylarylsulphonates ether.

For a given composition of the active substances are mixed 1 weight part of the active substance with the amounts of solvent and emulsifier and dilute the concentrate with water to the desired concentration.

The leaves of cotton (Gossypium hirsutum), which were subjected to severe attack of lice cotton leaves (Aphis gossypii), dip into the prepared composition of the active substances selected concentration.

After the selected period of time determine devitalization (the killing) in %. 100% means that all lice leaves killed; 0% means that none of the lice who leaves not put to death. The values obtained devitalisation cheated by the formula Colby.

In this test, for example, the following combination of active substances according to this invention, have found synergistically enhanced efficiency compared to the active compounds applied individually:

Table a, page 1

Insects, damaging plants, Aphis gossypii test
The active substanceThe concentration of active substances in millions of sharesThe degree of devitalisation in %, according to the 6d
Compound I-10 is known1,60
Compound II-a is known1/625
Connection 1-10+ compound II-a (1:1), according to the invention1,6+1,6The detection.* 95Rasch.** 25
The detection.* = the observed effect.

Rasch.** = calculated according to the Colby formula, the effect.
Table a, page 2

Insects, damaging plants, Aphis gossypii test
The active substanceThe concentration of active substances in millions of shares The degree of devitalisation in%, according to the 6d
Compound I-10 is known80
Compound II-g is known870
Compound I-10 + compound II-g (1:1), according to the invention8+8The detection.* 95Rasch.** 70
The detection.* = the observed effect.

Rasch.** = calculated according to the Colby formula, the effect.

Example B

Myzus test

Solvent: 3 weight parts of dimethylformamide.

Emulsifier: 1 weight part alkylarylsulphonates ether.

For a given composition of the active substances are mixed 1 weight part of the active substance with the amounts of solvent and emulsifier and dilute the concentrate with water to the desired concentration.

Cabbage leaves (Brassica oleracea), which were subjected to severe attack of lice peach leaves (Mycus persicae), dip into the prepared composition of the active substances selected concentration.

After the selected period of time determine devitalization (the killing) in %. 100% means that all the pests are killed; 0% means that none of the pest is not put to death. The values obtained devitalisation cheated on the form of the E. Colby.

In this test, for example, the following combination of active substances according to this invention, have found synergistically enhanced efficiency compared to the active compounds applied individually:

The example In

Test boundary concentration / soil insects - treatment of transgenic plants

Test insect: Diabrotica balteata larvae in the soil.

Solvent: 7 parts by weight of acetone. Emulsifier: 1 weight part alkylarylsulphonates ether.

For a given composition of the active substances are mixed 1 weight part of the active substance with the specified amount of solvent, add the specified amount of emulsifier concentrate and diluted with water to a predetermined concentration.

The resulting solution of the active substance is poured on the soil. The concentration of the active substance in prepared solution plays virtually no role in determining weight is the amount of active substance per unit volume of soil, which is given in million shares (mg/l). The soil is placed in pots with a volume of 0.25 l and leave at 20°C.

Immediately after placing the soil in each pot lay 5 naklonivshisya corn varieties YIELD GUARD (trademark whom the years of Monsanto, USA). After 2 days in the treated soil is placed corresponding to the tested insects. After another 7 days to determine the effectiveness of the active substance in the calculation of rising corn plants (1 plant=20% efficiency).

Example D

Heliothis virescens test - treatment of transgenic plants

Solvent: 7 parts by weight of acetone. Emulsifier: 1 weight part alkylarylsulphonates ether.

For a given composition of the active substances are mixed 1 weight part of the active substance with the specified amounts of solvent and emulsifier and dilute the concentrate with water to the desired concentration.

Soya bean (Glycine max) varieties Roundup Ready (trademark of Monsanto company, USA) are treated by dipping in the solution of active substance specified concentration and placed on the still wet leaves caterpillars tobacco buds Heliothis virescens.

After a time delay determined devitalization insects.

Example D

Insects, damaging plants: Aphis gossypii

Solvent: 7 parts by weight of DMF (dimethylformamide). Emulsifier: 2 weight parts alkylarylsulphonates ether.

For a given composition of the active substances are mixed 1 weight part of the active substance with the specified amounts of solvent and emulsifier and dilute the concentrate with water to the desired concentration.

The leaves of cotton (Gossypium irsutum), which were subjected to severe attack of lice cotton leaves (Aphis gossypii), dip into the prepared composition of the active substances selected concentration.

Through the specified in tables 1-3 period of time determine devitalization (the killing) in %. 100% means that all lice leaves killed; 0% means that none of the louse leaves not put to death. The values obtained devitalisation cheated by the formula Colby.

Presented in tables 1-3 results show that the combination of active substances according to the invention find synergistically enhanced efficiency compared to the active substances, which were used separately.

Table 1
The active substanceThe concentration of active substances in millions of sharesThe degree of devitalisation in %after 1 day
Compound I-440
Compound II-k (thiacloprid)0,830
Compound I-4 + compound II-k (5:1) according to the invention4 + 0,8The detection.*

60
Rasch.**

30
The detection.* = the observed effect. Rasch.** = designed according to the ACLs formula Colby, effect.
Table 2
The active substanceThe concentration of active substances in millions of sharesThe degree of devitalisation in %after 1 day
Compound I-40,80
Compound II-e (acetamiprid)0,1635
Compound I-4 +

compound II-e (5:1), according to the invention
0,8 + 0,16The detection.

75
Rasch.

35

Table 3
The active substanceThe concentration of active substances in millions of sharesThe degree of devitalisation in %after 6 days
Compound I-445
Compound II-a (Imidacloprid)0,885
Compound I-4 + compound II-a (5:1), according to the invention4+0,8The detection.

95
Rasch.

85,75

Example F

Insects, damaging plants: Myzus persicae

Solvent: 7 parts by weight of DMF (dimethylformamide). Emulsifier: 2 weight parts alkylarylsulphonates ether.

For the Holocene specified composition active substances are mixed 1 weight part of the active substance with the specified amounts of solvent and emulsifier and dilute the concentrate with water to the desired concentration.

Cabbage leaves (Brassica oleracea), which were subjected to severe attack of lice peach leaves (Mycus persicae), dip into the prepared composition of the active substances selected concentration.

Through the specified in tables 4-10 period of time determine devitalization (the killing) in %. 100% means that all lice leaves killed; 0% means that none of the louse leaves not put to death. The values obtained devitalisation cheated by the formula Colby.

Presented in tables 4-10 results show that the combination of active substances according to the invention find synergistically enhanced efficiency compared to the active substances, which were used separately.

Table 4
The active substanceThe concentration of active substances in millions of sharesThe degree of devitalisation in %after 1 day
Compound I-440
Compound II-m (clothianidin)0,845
Compound I-4 + compound II-m (5:1), according to the invention4 + 0,8The detection.

65
Rasch.

45

td align="right" namest="c0" nameend="c3"> Table 5
The active substanceThe concentration of active substances in millions of sharesThe degree devitalize %after 1 day
Compound I-440
Compound II-k (thiacloprid)0,870
Compound I-4 + compound II-k (5:1), according to the invention4 + 0,8The detection.

80
Rasch.

70
Table 6
The active substanceThe concentration of active substances in millions of sharesThe degree of devitalisation in %after 1 day
Compound I-4415
Compound II-e (acetamiprid)0,830
Compound I-4 + compound II-e (5:1), according to the invention4 + 0,8The detection.

60
Rasch.

40,5

Table 7
The active substanceThe concentration of active substances in millions of sharesThe degree devitalize in %after 6 days
Compound I-4 0,835
Compound II-i (nitenpyram)0,160
Compound I-4 + compound II-i (5:1), according to the invention0,8+0,16The detection.

55
Rasch.

35
Table 8
The active substanceThe concentration of active substances in millions of sharesThe degree of devitalisation in %after 6 days
Compound I-40,80
Compound II-a (Imidacloprid)0,165
Compound I-4 + compound IIa (5:1), according to the invention0,8 + 0,16The detection.

20
Rasch.

5

Table 9
The active substanceThe concentration of active substances in millions of sharesThe degree of devitalisation in %after 1 day
Compound I-4415
Compound II-l (dinotefuran)0,80
Compound I-4 + compound II-l (5:1), according to the invention4 0,8 The detection.

20
Rasch.

15
Table 10
The active substanceThe concentration of active substances in millions of sharesThe degree of devitalisation in %after 1 day
Compound I-440
Compound II-g (thiamethoxam)0,860
Compound I-4 + compound II-g (5:1), according to the invention4+0,8The detection.

90
Rasch.

60

Example G

Insects, damaging plants: Plutella xylostella.

Solvent: 7 parts by weight of DMF (dimethylformamide). Emulsifier: 2 weight parts alkylarylsulphonates ether.

For a given composition of the active substances are mixed 1 weight part of the active substance with the specified amounts of solvent and emulsifier and dilute the concentrate with water to the desired concentration.

Cabbage leaves (Brassica oleracea) dip into the prepared composition of the active substances selected concentration and put them caterpillars of the cabbage moth (Plutella xylostella).

Through the specified in tables 11-13 period of time determine devitalization (the killing) in %. 100% means that all lice leaves killed; 0% means that none of OSI leaves not put to death. The values obtained devitalisation cheated by the formula Colby.

Presented in tables 11-13 results show that the combination of active substances according to the invention find synergistically enhanced efficiency compared to the active substances, which were used separately.

Table 11
The active substanceThe concentration of active substances in millions of sharesThe degree of devitalisation in %after 3 days
Compound I-4485
Compound II-k (thiacloprid)2085
Compound I-4 + compound II-k (1: 5), according to the invention4+20The detection.

100
Rasch.

97,75
Table 12
The active substanceThe concentration of active substances in millions of sharesThe degree of devitalisation in %after 3 days
Compound I-4460
Compound II-a (Imidacloprid)2055
Compound I-4 + compound II-a (1:5), according to ISO is retenu 4+20The detection.

100
Rasch.

82

Table 13
The active substanceThe concentration of active substances in millions of sharesThe degree of devitalisation in %after 3 days
Compound I-4440
Compound II-l (dinotefuran)205
Compound I-4 + compound II-l (1:5), according to the invention4+20The detection. 70Rasch. 43

Example C

Experience with spider mite Tetranychus urticae

Solvent: 7 parts by weight of DMF (dimethylformamide). Emulsifier: 2 weight parts alkylarylsulphonates ether.

For a given composition of the active substances are mixed 1 weight part of the active substance with the specified amounts of solvent and emulsifier and dilute the concentrate with water to the desired concentration.

Bean plant (Phaseolus vulgaris)which are heavily infested by all stages of the spider mite Tetranychus urticae, dip into the prepared composition of the active substances selected concentration.

Through the specified in tables 14, 15 period of time determine devitalization (the killing) in percent. Por what 100% means, all flare killed; 0% means that none mite not put to death. The values obtained devitalisation calculated according to the Colby formula.

Presented in tables 14-17 results show that the combination of active substances according to the invention exhibit synergistic activity.

Table 14
The active substanceThe concentration of active substances in millions of sharesThe degree of devitalisation in %after 7 days
Compound I-40,830
Compound II-l (dinotefuran)100about
Compound I-4 + compound II-l (1:125) according to the invention0,8 + 100The detection.*

55
Rasch.**

30
The detection.* = the observed effect. Rasch.** = calculated according to the Colby formula, the effect.

Table 15
The active substanceThe concentration of active substances in millions of sharesThe degree devitalize in %after 7 days
Compound I-40,16Compound II-k (thiacloprid)1000
Compound I-4 + compound II-k (1:625) according to the invention0,16 + 100The detection.*

15
Rasch.**

0
The detection.* = the observed effect. Rasch.** = calculated according to the Colby formula, the effect.

Table 16
The active substanceThe concentration of active substances in millions of sharesThe degree of devitalisation %, after a 13-day
Compound I-40,1620
Compound II-e (acetamiprid)10030
Compound I-4 + compound II-e (1:625) according to the invention0,16 + 100The detection.*

65
Rasch.**

44
The detection.* = the observed effect. Rasch.** = calculated according to the Colby formula, the effect.

Table 17
The active substanceThe concentration of active substances in millions of sharesThe degree devitalize %, the settlement of the E. 13th day
Compound I-40,1620
Compound II-m (clothianidin)1000
Compound I-4 + compound II-m (1:625) according to the invention0,16 + 100The detection.*

40
Rasch.**

20
The detection.* = the observed effect. Rasch.** = calculated according to the Colby formula, the effect.

Insecticide-acaricidal agent, containing a mixture of compounds of formula (I)

in which X means a halogen, (C1-C4)-alkyl, (C1-C4-alkoxyl,

W, Y and Z denote, independently of one another, hydrogen, halogen, (C1-C4)-alkyl, (C1-C4-alkoxyl,

A represents hydrogen, (C1-C6)-alkyl,

In the mean hydrogen, methyl and ethyl,

A and b together with the carbon atom to which they are linked, form a saturated, unsubstituted or substituted (C1-C4-alkoxygroup (C3-C6-ring

D is hydrogen, (C1-C6)-alkyl,

G means hydrogen (a) or one of the groups

in which L is oxygen,

M stands for oxygen,

R1Osnach the em (C 1-C10)-alkyl, (C3-C6-cycloalkyl, which, optionally, contains one nitrogen and oxygen,

R2means (C1-C10)-alkyl,

and agonist, respectively, antagonist of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors selected from the group comprising compounds of the formula

taken in synergistic effective value.

2. Insecticide-acaricide tool according to claim 1, characterized in that it contains a compound of the formula (I), in which

W denotes hydrogen, (C1-C4)-alkyl, (C1-C4-alkoxy, chlorine, bromine or fluorine,

X means (C1-C4)-alkyl, (C1-C4-alkoxy, fluorine, chlorine or bromine, Y, and Z denote, independently of one another, hydrogen, (C1-C4)-alkyl, halogen, (C1-C4-alkoxyl,

And means hydrogen or (C1-C6)-alkyl,

In the mean hydrogen, methyl or ethyl,

A, b and the carbon atom to which they are bound represent a saturated, unsubstituted or once or twice substituted(C 1-C4-alkoxyl (C3-C6-cycloalkyl,

D is hydrogen, G means hydrogen (a) or one of the groups

in which L is oxygen,

M stands for oxygen,

R1means (C1-C10)-alkyl or (C3-C6-cycloalkyl,

R2means (C1-C10)-alkyl.

3. Insecticide-acaricide tool according to claim 1, characterized in that it contains a compound of the formula (I), in which

W stands for hydrogen, methyl, ethyl, chlorine, bromine or methoxy,

X means chlorine, bromine, methyl, ethyl, propyl, isopropyl, methoxy, ethoxyl,

Y and Z independently of one another denote hydrogen, fluorine, chlorine, bromine, methyl, ethyl, propyl, isopropyl or methoxy,

And means methyl, ethyl, propyl, isopropyl, butyl, isobutyl, sec-butyl, tert-butyl,

In the mean hydrogen, methyl or ethyl,

A and b together with the carbon atom to which they are bound represent a saturated, unsubstituted or once substituted by metaxylem, ataxia, propexia or butoxyl6-cycloalkyl,

D is hydrogen, methyl, ethyl, propyl, isopropyl, butyl, isobutyl, G means hydrogen (a) or one of the groups

in which M stands for oxygen,

R1means 1-C8)-alkyl, cyclopropyl, cyclopentyl or cyclohexyl,

R2means (C1-C8)-alkyl.

4. Insecticide-acaricide tool according to claim 1, characterized in that it contains a compound of the formula (I),

in which W denotes hydrogen or methyl,

X means chlorine, bromine or methyl,

Y and Z denote, independently of one another, hydrogen, chlorine, bromine or methyl,

A and b together with the carbon atom to which they are bound represent a saturated, unsubstituted or once substituted by metaxylem, ataxia, propexia or butoxyl6-cycloalkyl,

D is hydrogen,

G means hydrogen (a) or one of the groups

in which M stands for oxygen,

R1means (C1-C8)-alkyl, cyclopropyl, cyclopentyl, cyclohexyl, R2means(C1-C8)alkyl.

5. Insecticide-acaricide tool according to claim 1, characterized in that the compounds of formula (I) contains a compound of the formula

in which W, X, Y, Z, R and G have the values shown in the table,

6. Insecticide-acaricide tool according to one of claims 1 to 5, characterized in that it contains a compound of the formula (I) and agonist, respectively, the antagonist is East of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors in the ratio of from 1:100 to 100:1.



 

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