Optical heat transformer

FIELD: measuring equipment.

SUBSTANCE: optical heat transformer includes base of body with optical unit positioned therein, transformer of heat flow and consumer of heat flow in form of thermal carrier. Optical unit consists of optical heat source and reflectors of coherent heat flows and concentrator - generator of coherent heat flow in form of two collecting mirrors and a lens, positioned on different sides of source, with possible redirection of coherent heat flow for interaction with transformer of heat flow with following transfer of heat flow.

EFFECT: decreased energy costs.

1 dwg

 

The invention relates to the field of thermal converters, and more specifically to devices optical converters of heat.

A device - an optical condenser light, comprising a light source and a collector of his, made in the form of a collecting lens (Manual designer optical devices, Leningrad, 1986).

The principle of operation of this device is based on the refraction due to the material properties and specific shape of the optical element.

The disadvantage of this device is the ability to use it mainly only in the visible part of the spectrum of radiation.

A known construction of the heat reflector, comprising a conical ceramic element connected to the base and wound on a ceramic body - element spiral, with the location of the heater in the middle of the concave part of the metal mirror (Passport of the device. Plant metal household products No. 6, Moscow, 1968).

The principle of operation of this device based on receiving the heat flow due to heating of the metal spiral and its orientation using the ceramic body of the heater to the reflecting surface of the mirror reflector and orientation in the right direction for the consumer.

The disadvantage of this device is the high consumption of electricity, open the lead heat source with a temperature of about 500° With the resulting combustion in the spiral of any falling out of the air on her particles, thereby creating a carcinogenic environment from products of combustion and rapid burnout of the spiral, and shallow convection in the atmosphere.

The aim of the invention is to reduce energy costs, increase the life of optical Converter heat and increasing the concentration of heat flow.

This objective is achieved in that the proposed device includes a base housing of the device hosting the optical node comprising an optical heat source, hub-shaper heat, and also includes Converter heat flow and its consumers in the form of thermal media.

The principle of the proposed device is based on the established author relationships interacting separated equivalent coherent (i.e. the agreed phase of different wavelengths reflected two spaced mirrors) heat fluxes collected by the hub, folding their intensity and guide the flow to interact with the Converter heat flow in the desired form of thermal energy with subsequent transfer of the heat flow to the consumer.

The invention disclose the essential features contained in the formula izobreteny is, namely:

- the base (1);

optical node (2);

optical heat source (3);

- coherent reflectors of heat flow (4);

the hub driver is coherent heat flux (5);

Converter coherent heat flux (6).

The combination of these characteristics is a necessary but sufficient condition for the achievement provided by the invention a technical result. The essence of the invention as a technical solution, expressed in the totality of symptoms. Only in the totality of their application they provide the opportunity to obtain a technical result, which is the causal link with the specified result.

The essence of the invention as a technical solution is expressed by the relationship of the interacting separated equivalent coherent heat fluxes collected by using a hub-shaper coherent heat flux, folding their intensity and guide the flow to interact with the Converter coherent heat flow in the desired form of thermal energy with subsequent transfer of coherent heat flow to the consumer.

The technical result is a savings of electrical energy by summing up the intensities of the coherent t is plavix threads conversion of the wavelengths of coherent heat flux in view of the concentrated thermal energy with subsequent transfer of coherent heat flow to the consumer.

The technical result can be expressed, in particular, to reduce existing norms of electricity per unit area of heated space.

The claimed invention is directed to reducing energy consumption, increasing the lifetime of the optical transducer of heat and increasing the concentration of heat flow. When carrying out the claimed invention provides reduced energy consumption, increased operating life of the optical transducer of heat and increasing the concentration of heat flow. The power savings is due to the summation of the intensities of the coherent thermal flows, converting wavelengths of coherent heat flux in view of the concentrated thermal energy with subsequent transfer of coherent heat flow to the consumer.

The challenge of reducing energy consumption, increasing lifetime of the optical transducer of heat and increase the concentration of the coherent heat flow is solved using the device, which includes the Cabinet base hosting the optical node comprising an optical heat source, reflectors coheren the different heat fluxes and hub-shaper coherent heat flux, and also includes Converter coherent heat flux and its consumers in the form of thermal media.

General view of the device shown in the drawing.

The proposed device consists of the base body 1, posted optical unit 2, consisting of an optical heat source 3, the coherent reflectors of heat flows 4, hub-shaper coherent heat flux 5, Converter coherent heat flux 6 and user 7.

The proposed device operates as follows.

To the optical heat source 3 is supplied electric current, which is converted to heat flux directed from the optical source heat reflectors coherent heat flow 4 through the hub driver is coherent heat flux 5 and Converter heat flow 6 user 7.

The proposed design allows for significant power savings due to the summation of the intensities of the coherent thermal flows, converting wavelengths of coherent thermal flows in view of the concentrated thermal energy with subsequent transfer of coherent heat flow to the consumer.

The technical result is achieved by the presence in the device of the optical node 2 and the use of such devices. Almost the same technical result was obtained using an experimental design in January 2001. In sufficient time has been a steady steady process of heating of the Converter coherent heat flow 6 in a conditional point 1 to a temperature of from 1 to 84°With (within one hour; then the day temperature was kept stable at the level of 93°).

And in conditional points 2.1 and 2.2 of the consumer 7 the temperature was reached, respectively, 24-27 and 6-7°C.

The work was carried out in an unheated, uninsulated basement with outside temperatures from minus 2 to minus 28°C.

When this wet dirt floor of the basement was significantly dried up.

In the process, the installation does not overheat and steadily works in the regime of low temperatures, i.e. up to 100°in a conditional point 1 (i.e. at the point of focus of intense coherent heat flow) when you use the Converter coherent heat flow 6.

And this is the factors of safety, reliability, stability and longevity of the device.

The device works silently.

Replacement optical heat source, simple, easy, convenient and does not require any other work, except for the replacement of the heat source. In any case, this work is almost equivalent to the replacement of heating elements in a typical reflectors or replacement of a different model of light elements in the lighting equipment.

The design also what makes it possible to ensure a long and safe operation of the proposed device and the simplicity in its use.

Optical transducer of heat, comprising a base hosting the optical node, the inverter heat flux and the consumer of the heat flux in the form of heat carrier, characterized in that the optical node comprises an optical heat source and reflectors coherent heat flow and hub - shaper coherent heat flux in the form of two collecting mirrors and lenses located on different sides of the source, with the possibility of coherent direction of heat flow to interact with the Converter heat flow with subsequent transfer of the heat flow.



 

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