Building

FIELD: building, particularly building structure members.

SUBSTANCE: building comprises outer walls, inner walls, floor panels and roof panels including wooden panel members, namely outer and inner ones. The inner and outer wooden panel members are secured in spaced apart relation by spacing members. The wooden panel members are solid in at least one direction. The wooden panel members have predetermined dimensions and predetermined edge profiles. Cavities are defined between inner and outer panel members. Arranged in the cavities are fittings to be connected to heating or cooling systems. Cavities defined in outer wall panels, inner wall panel members, floor panels and/or roof panels communicate with each other through orifices formed in connection area between floor panel and outer wall in floor panel edge area. The orifices connect cavities in floor panel with that of outer wall. Above communication between cavities is also provided by means of orifices located in cave area between outer wall and roof in one roof panel. Above orifices connect cavities of outer wall with that of roof panels.

EFFECT: possibility to create building having arbitrary room location of wooden panel members.

24 cl, 41 dwg

 

The invention relates to the building, exterior walls, interior walls, floor slabs and roof slabs which are made from slabs of wood material containing at least one inner panel and at least one outer panel, which are held at a distance from each other spacer elements are connected to each other and performed, at least in one direction entirely solid, and the plates are pre-manufactured to the required size and with the required implementation of the edges, and between the inner and outer panels of the plates has cavity.

In GB 2287047 And disclosed the building described above kind of slabs of wood material, such as chipboard, and external, internal walls and floor slabs are made of double-layer, and between the individual layers of the cavity plates are provided. In GB 2287047 And multilayer plates that make up the building, collected from individual plates and spacers only on the spot, i.e. during the construction of the building.

FR 2194145 And know the location of the engineering equipment in the cavities provided in the plates for buildings.

From US-A-5588269 know a building whose exterior walls, floor slabs and roof slabs consist of slabs of wood material containing at least one internal and at least one outer plate. Internal and external the first plate of the building are kept at a distance from each other and interconnected strut elements, moreover, between the inner and outer plates are provided cavity. The plates forming the exterior walls, floor slabs and roof elements have been achieved, at least in one direction integral and continuous. Finally, the plates are pre-manufactured, respectively, of the required size and with the required implementation of the edges.

The basis of the invention lies in the task of creating buildings, particularly residential buildings, which could be arbitrarily plan and which would consist, at least in the most largely from slabs of wood material, in particular of chipboard.

This task is in the building, exterior walls, interior walls, floor slabs and roof slabs which are made from slabs of wood material containing at least one inner panel and at least one outer panel, which are held at a distance from each other spacer elements are connected to each other and performed, at least in one direction entirely solid, and the plates are pre-manufactured to the required size and with the required implementation of the edges, and between the inner and outer panels of the plates has a cavity, according to the invention is solved in that the cavities in the plates contain joining the heating device or the cooling device, the cavity in the outer wall plates, the inner is x wall plates, the floor slabs and/or plates of the roof communicated among themselves, which, on the one hand, in the coupling zone of the slabs with the outer wall in the marginal zone of the floor slab openings are provided, which connect the cavity in the slab with cavities in the outer wall, and what, on the other hand, in the area of overhang between the external wall and roof in one panel roof slab openings are provided, which connect the cavity to the outside wall cavities in the plates of the roof.

The inner and outer panel boards for interior walls, exterior walls, floors and/or roof are wood-shaving plates.

Particleboard is formed from layers of wood chips, which are oriented in different directions.

Spacers are reek.

The spacer elements are blocks.

Panel slabs internal walls are made continuous in the horizontal direction.

Panel plates of the exterior walls are made continuous in the horizontal direction.

Panel floor slabs are made continuous in the direction of the width or length of the building.

The roof includes a bearing construction made of solid in the direction of the eaves of the roof panels plates.

Plates of exterior walls are located one on top of another with a horizontal joint between them.

Slabs internal walls are one in ve is chna part of the other with a horizontal joint between them.

Slabs of the buildings are connected with oriented in the longitudinal or transverse direction of the building joints.

The supporting structure of the roof consists of plates interconnected with oriented in the direction of the eaves joints.

In the ridge area adjacent horizontal edges of the plates of the roof supported by the girder.

The inner panel of the roof slabs are profiling, which made issues of the same profile in the upper zone of the run.

In the area of the horizontal junction plates on interior walls and slabs exterior walls spacer elements are provided on the lower edge of the inner plate wall plate of the outer wall, and spacer elements on the upper edge of the plate interior walls and slabs of the outer walls spaced ago, at least on the flight spacer elements.

Adjacent edges of the floor slabs and roof slabs with profiled response is the same.

Adjacent edges of the floor slabs and roof slabs are made in the form of a fold with a tooth.

Cavities in the plates of the inner walls, slabs, exterior walls, floor slabs and roof slabs, at least partially filled with material.

In the cavities of the plates is of insulating material.

One of the plates of the exterior walls on one side has a single panel, and on the other side of the two panels directly the NGOs interconnected, moreover, the spacer elements are combined panel and two panels.

Floor slabs and roof slabs contain two panels connected to each other at a distance from each other by the spacer elements, which are thicker than the spacers for the plates of the inner walls.

Cavities in the plates of the wood material is connected to the heating system with hot air.

Cavities in the plates of the wood material is connected with an air heat pump.

Preferred embodiments of the building according to the invention are object of the dependent claims.

Since the building according to the invention consists of chipboard, it can be arbitrarily plan, and this, in particular, when, according to one proposal of the invention, plate wood material, at least in one direction of exterior, interior walls, floors and/or roofs made whole and complete.

The concept according to the invention allows to plan the building is also using the Internet due to the fact that at the relevant website ("homepage") interested people can enter their wishes regarding the form and size of the house. In the case of the issuance of the order is calculated in this way data can be used to directly control the equipment manufacturer slabs of wood.

Plate according to the SNO invention, of which is the building made of at least two layers, and between the educated plates layers are defined by the spacer elements, such as distance Reiki or spacer blocks, cavity, which may be, for example, placed engineering equipment. Cavities in the plates can be brought also for air heating or cooling of the building. In addition, the cavity in the plates that make up the house, can be filled, so that insulating properties, in particular noise properties of the plates to coordinate with a specific need. Cavities in the plates that make up the building according to the invention, can be filled with most any material. Material, optionally contained in the plates (or filled only after Assembly of the plates in a fully or partially finished building)may be selected (e.g., concrete, lightweight concrete, etc.)that there is a building at least partially implemented in the form of a massive building.

Preferably the building according to the invention the inner surfaces of the plates facing to limit the room, so ready, that they can directly painting or wallpapering. It is possible, in particular, through the use of chipboard, with extremely low swelling and shrinkage, so that they can be handled by full-time is exactly. Therefore can be pre-made ready inside, self-supporting walls with cavities, if necessary, with already contained in equipment, such as plumbing pipes, electrical wiring and ventilation pipes.

The building according to the invention there is a possibility of connection cavities in the plates forming the walls (exterior and interior walls), with cavities in the plates forming the floor and/or roof, so maybe the total heating and cooling of buildings, and thus particularly uniform temperature in the premises. This opens up the possibility of conditioning of the building without special expenses due to the fact that the cavity is attached to the installation for air conditioning. For heating buildings can be used, for example, an air-source heat pump.

On the outer surface of external walls can be coated with insulation and stucco exterior. Roof elements can be provided with a conventional roof.

Especially preferred within the invention are chipboard.

Preferred in this chipboard in the form of laminated plates made of long, thin, oriented wood chips specified shapes and thickness and binder. Wood chips in the outer layers oriented parallel to the length or width of the slabs; wood chips in the middle layer can b shall be located randomly or oriented basically, at right angles to the wood shavings of the outer layer. Used for the manufacture of such plates flat chips basically has a length of about 60 mm, width 35 mm, and a thickness of 0.6 mm In the process of obtaining chips, and also because further processing (drying, separation, transportation, sizing, spreading) arise, however, damage to the chip (fracture, buckling, twisting, kinking), which cause a relatively large fraction of the fine particle material (small undetectable geometry of the chip). As part of the fine material can again be separated, the thickness of the coating layer is in most cases smaller proportion of smaller component than shavings middle class.

For the invention can also be used chipboard from a long, narrow, oriented wood chips predetermined shape and thickness, connected binders in a single-layer plate. The orientation of the wood chips, essentially the same throughout the thickness of the plates. Transversely scattered middle layer is not provided.

Spacers (Reiki or pads) may consist of wood material and can be, for example, wood-shaving plates of appropriate dimensions. This opens up the possibility of manufacturing slabs of wood material already on the factory corresponding to the treba is my size and with the required implementation of the edges. Such chipboard sufficiently stable so that they meet the static requirements of the building without the need for additional measures.

For internal wall plate wood material made preferably of two chipboard located between the rails or pads, discontinuously plates from each other and defining a cavity between the plates, and the plates are connected with the spacer elements, in particular glued.

As exterior walls use slabs of wood material, which, for example, on their facing limited to their location (inner) side contain a separate plate, such as wood particle Board, and on its outer side two directly interconnected, for example, glued boards, mainly chipboard, with a separate plate and double plate interconnected strut elements (pads or Reiki).

For floors and roofs can be used slabs of wood material, which inside and outside are provided on one plate, mainly wood-shaving plate, which are interconnected with a gap, for example glued through thicker spacer elements or multilayer spacer elements in the form of pads or rails.

For mnogovato the building forming the inner and/or outer wall plates can be interconnected with a horizontal joint, so formed passes in a horizontal direction of the inner or outer walls.

The slab elements and/or elements of the roof are also, at least in one direction, and connect with each other, for example, by hook perform the edges.

Describes the execution of a building according to the invention allows to plan it, and some parts of the building (internal, external walls, floors and roof) are produced with the appropriate dimensions already on the plant, which manufactures plate (e.g. chipboard), and then transported directly to the construction site. Thus, on the site are no longer required to work in cutting and reconciliation, but rather to make the building of pre-fabricated interior and exterior walls, as well as parts of the ceiling and parts of the roof, and that, in particular, when a separate part of the building according to the invention also processed at its edges where it is required, such as profile milling.

If there is not sufficient recoil absorbed by the plates moisture, as, for example, provides a barrier, there is a possibility of the removal of this moisture through the cavity due to the fact that their sufficiently ventilated, for example by means provided for heating the house through them.

Other under the oblasti and characteristics of the building according to the invention are given in the following description of preferred examples with reference to the accompanying drawings.

In the drawings represent:

figure 1 - internal wall in the future;

figure 2 - internal wall section;

figure 3 - the outer wall in the future;

figure 4 - the outer wall section;

figure 5 is an element of overlap or part of the roof in the future;

6 is a element from figure 5 in section;

Fig.7 connection between the external wall and ceiling in the future;

Fig connection between the wall and the ceiling in the incision;

Fig.9 connection between the external wall and roof in the area of the overhang;

figure 10 - connection between the external wall and roof in the area of overhang in the incision;

11 - execution of the ridge in the future;

Fig - execution of the ridge under 11 in the context;

Fig - another form of execution of the ridge in the future;

Fig - section Fig;

Fig - another form of execution of the ridge in the future;

Fig - performance skate on Fig in the incision;

Fig - execution of the ridge in the area of the inner wall in the future;

Fig - section Fig;

Fig - horizontal junction located on top of each other the inner walls of the incision;

Fig - horizontal junction between the inner walls in the future;

Fig - horizontal joint in the area of the outer wall in the future;

Fig - horizontal intersection of the exterior walls in the future;

Fig connection bordering between floor slabs or roof prospects in the formation (MRF);

Fig - section Fig;

Fig - performance angle between the two inner walls in the future;

Fig - horizontal section of the complete angle of Fig;

Fig - pair of the inner and outer walls in the future;

Fig - horizontal section through Fig;

Fig is another connection between the inner and outer walls, in the future depicted in the enlarged view of the connecting element;

Fig - horizontal section through Fig;

Fig - performance angle between the two outer walls in the future;

Fig - horizontal section through Fig;

Fig is another implementation of angular connection between the two outer walls shown in the enlarged view of the connecting element;

Fig - horizontal section through Fig;

Fig is another implementation of angular connection between the two outer walls in the future;

Fig - horizontal section through Fig;

Fig - window in the outer wall in the future;

Fig - horizontal section through Fig;

Fig another run Windows in the area of the outer wall;

Fig - horizontal section through Fig;

Fig - building according to the invention, partly dug in the future.

Depicted in figure 1 and 2 (partial) internal wall 1 consists of two oriented parallel to each other, spaced at the other the other chipboard panels 2, 3, which may be the same or different thickness. Chipboard panels 2, 3 are interconnected spacer elements 4. Spacers 4 can be strips or pads. Depicted in figure 1, 2 internal wall 1 is manufactured, for example, at the factory with the respectively desired size and performing the edges, and the panels 2, 3 connect with the spacer elements 4 are already at the factory, for example by gluing. Due to the spacer elements 4 between the panels 2, 3 of the inner wall 1 formed in the cavity 5. These cavities 5 can be used to place in the inner wall of the engineering equipment. These cavities 5 can be drawn also for air conditioning of buildings (heating and/or cooling) due to their accession to the corresponding heating and/or cooling devices.

Cavity 5 can be optionally equipped with a filling, so that insulating properties, in particular noise properties of the inner wall 1, agree with the relevant requirements. In particular, it is possible to fill such a material, which changes the natural frequency of the inner wall 1 so that it will have good noise properties. The filling can be chosen so that the building according to the invention, at least partially possessed properties of massive soo is ugenia.

Shown in figure 3 the outer wall 10 includes at its converted to a limited use of premises (internal) side of the chipboard panel 12, and on its outer side two directly connected, for example glued, chipboard panel 13. Double panel 13, as described with figure 1, 2 to the inner wall 1, is connected with the inner panel 12 of the spacer elements 14, which is formed in the cavity 15. The outer wall 10, as described for the inner wall 1 may be manufactured at the factory with the required dimensions and perform the edges.

Depicted in figure 5, 6 plate 20, which can be used for floors and/or roofs, for example, consists of two wood-particle panels 22, 23, connected by a spacer elements 24. To plate 20 floors and/or roofs preferably greater distance between the panels 22, 23, which can be achieved by thicker spacer elements 24 (pads or Reiki). In the depicted example, perform a large thickness of the spacers 24 is due to the fact that they are composed of several layers (e.g., three layers). The cavity 25 is provided between the spacer elements 24 and the panels 22, 23, as shown in Fig.6, can be filled with insulation 26 and/or backfilling 27. As alternatives to the plate 20 floors and/or roofs, as described for the outer 10 and inner walls 1, can be drawn also for the engineering equipment and/or for conditioning of a building described of wood-based elements.

7, 8 shows the connection between two spaced one above the other outer walls 10 and located between its edge plates 20 overlap. On the edge of the panels 22, 23 of the plate 20 overlap is provided coaxially with the cavity 15 of the outer wall slabs 10 holes 28, so that the cavity 15 in the outer wall plates 10 is in communication with the cavities 25 in the plate 20 overlap, as shown in Fig arrows.

Figure 9, 10 shows the performance of overhang between the outer wall 10 and the plate 20 overlap, performed as described using figure 5, 6. The upper edge of the panels 12, 13 of the outer wall 10, as shown in figure 10, processed, and panels 22, as also shown in figure 10 is cut, so that between the outer wall 10 and the plate 20 overlap provided with non-slip connection. In the area of the upper ends of the cavities 15 of the outer wall 10 in the panel 22 of the plate 20 overlap is provided through holes 28, so that the cavity 15 in the outer wall 10 is in communication with the cavities 25 in the plate 20 overlap, as indicated in figure 10 by the arrow.

Figures 9 and 10 also show that the outer wall 10 is positioned so that its dual panel 13 facing outward, and the panel 1 to the inside of the premises.

On 11, 12 shows an example execution of the ridge between the two plates 20 of the roof, and in the ridge zone is run 30 solid wood. The figure 11 shows examples of the implementation of the girder 30 is located beneath the plates 20 of the roof and its upper corners included in the appropriate verterbrae grooves in the bottom panels 22 of the plates 20 of the roof. In addition, run their 30 located at the top of the oblique surfaces 32 adjacent to the upper edge zones of the panels 22 of the plates 20 of the roof. Thus, a reliable bearing plates 20 of the roof ridge in the area.

On Fig, 14 shows another form of execution of the ridge with girder 30. In this form of execution run 30 passes through to the upper sides of the plates 20 of the roof and beveled at the top in accordance with the nature of the orientation of the plates 20 of the roof. Run 30 includes two shoulder 31 in the corresponding verterbrae grooves in the bottom panels 22 of the plates 20 of the roof, so that a reliable bearing plate 20 of the roof ridge in the area.

On Fig, 16 depicts a third embodiment of a skate, which is designed to perform a roof with less than expected loads. This perform of the bottom panel 22 of the plates 20 of the roof, which are offset turned back on to the ridge edges of the top panel 23 of the plates 20 of the roof, adjacent to the lateral surfaces of the girder 30.

If in the ridge area of the roof, obrazovannoi her two plates 20, provided by the inner wall 1, the ridge may be performed as shown in Fig, 18. While the bottom panel 22 of the plates 20 of the roof adjacent to the upper horizontal edges of the panels 2, 3 of the inner wall 1, so that the cavity 5 in the inner wall 1 is in communication with the cavities 25 in the plates 20 of the roof.

If during the construction of the building according to the invention requires a higher internal wall 1, a separate inner wall 1, as shown in Fig, 20 can be mounted one above the other, forming a horizontal joint. This is preferred if the spacer elements 14 are made on the lower edge of the upper inner wall 1 is elongated, i.e. protruding from the bottom end of the spacer elements 14, and the upper ends of the spacer elements 14 between the panels 2, 3 of the lower inner wall 1, respectively shifted back that connects flush in the area of the horizontal joint between the inner walls 1 without interrupting the cavities 5 in the inner walls 1.

On Fig, 22 depicts a similar implementation of the horizontal joint between spaced one above the other outer walls 10, and here at the lower edge of the outer wall 10 are not only the spacer elements 14, but one of the two panels 13 and on the upper edge of the bottom of the outer wall 10 they are respectively shifted back that provides and here the connection with geometricheskim circuit between outer walls 120 in the area of the horizontal interface without interrupting the cavities 125.

The depicted on Fig example connection located adjacent to each other of the plates 20 floors or roof elements in the zone all vaimustusega edges shaped in cross-section in the form of the tooth, which provides the connection between adjacent plates 20 floors or roofs in the form of a fold with the tooth. To secure the connection in the area of the fold with the tooth can be screwed in the connecting screws 8 and/or may be provided is shown in Fig bonding. Fig also shows that in the area of the underside of the joint between adjacent plates 20 floors or roofs provided verterinary groove 28, is filled through the floor 29, for example in the form of a plastic or wooden strips, so that the butt seam, after coating 29 ground, the bottom is no longer visible. Shows that the implementation in the form of a fold with a tooth between adjacent plates 20 floors or roofs occurs with the inclusion of spacer elements 14, which in this case made a solid (in the form of rails) is preferable, at least in the marginal zone, in order to achieve the required strength.

In addition to the connection screws 8 connection seam can also be fixed with glue.

On Fig, 26 depicts the angular connection between the abutting angle of the inner walls 1. In the area vaimustusega edges of the inner panel 3 is shifted backward relative to the positive external panels 2 internal walls 1, so what occurs is depicted in Fig location, and there is a possibility of bonding gussets and/or fixing screws 8.

The depicted on Fig, 28 mating internal wall 1 external wall 10 in the coupling zone includes a beam 40 which is connected with the outer wall 10 by screws 41. The beam 40 enters between the panels 2, 3 of the inner wall 1, and has the ability to provide the inner surface of the panels 2, 3 corresponding verterbrae grooves. The connection between the beam 40 and the inner wall 1 is fixed by screws 42 and/or glue. In the area of both the inner corners in the corner between the outer 10 and inner walls 1 are provided verterbrae grooves 44, 45, host, such as a plastic area (not shown), which zashpaklevyvajut. This ensured that even if the tree works in the coupling zone between the outer 10 and inner walls 1 cannot be formed seams.

On Fig, 30 depicts an alternative pairing the internal wall 1 external wall 10. For this to panel 12 of the outer wall 10, on the one hand, and to the extreme spacer element 4 of the inner wall 1, on the other hand, screwed consisting, for example, from a metal hook 50 (Fig), so you can create a connection with a positive locking between the inner 1 and outer walls 10 through engagement of the inner construction of the th wall 1 above, i.e. due to the downward movement.

The depicted on Fig, 32 example of a corner connection between two vzaimootnoshenia angled outer walls of the panel 12 is displaced backward relative to the two-layer panel 13, there is depicted in Fig gusset, which panel 13 one of the outer wall 10 are joined to the edge of the panel 13 of the other of the outer wall 10. The inner panel 12 of one of the outer wall 10 is joined with the inner surface of the inner panel 12 of the other of the outer wall, and the latter is attached to the inner panel 13 double panel 13. In the zone adjacent to each other the edges of the panels may be provided by adhesive bonding 9 and, additionally or alternatively, connection screws 8.

On Fig shows a sample run of the angular connection between the two outer walls 10, which are made for use hooks 50, also described using Fig, 30 and provided for coupling the internal wall 1 external wall 10.

On Fig, 36 depicts the angular connection between the two outer walls 10, modified compared to Fig, 32 so that the double panel 13 of the outer wall 10 is made from the side edges of the step and the inner panel 12 of one of the outer wall 10 adjacent to the spacer element 14 and the other of the outer wall 10. Also here, or cachedtablemodel adhesive joints 9 can be provided by the screws 8 for fixing the angular connection between the outer walls 10.

On Fig, 38 depicts the execution inward opening window 60 in the corresponding aperture of the outer wall 10. In particular, Fig shows that the window unit 61 is connected with serving area of the window opening of the outer panel 13 dual-panel outer wall 10, so you don't need hard rails, as the implementation may be achieved by appropriate milling panels 13 in the manufacture of the outer wall 10 and the window opening it.

The same applies to the execution of inward opening Windows on Fig, 40. Also there is no need of hard Reiki, because the window unit 61 is connected directly with the inner panel 12 made serving the area of the window opening in the outer wall 10.

On Fig shown constructed according to the invention the building from above using 1-40 of the inner walls 1, the outer walls 10, the plates 20 and roof. It is seen that the inner wall 1 is made in the horizontal direction entirely solid. Exterior walls 10 are held throughout the length and width of the building on pig whole and interconnected horizontally only in order to achieve the required height and horizontal joint can be performed as shown in Fig, 22. The skate combined with provided there girder 30 may be performed as described above with the help of 11-16. In the area of the overhang, where the plate 20 of the roof adjacent to the outer wall elements 10 may be provided, for example, the implementation described using figures 9, 10.

1. The building, exterior walls (10), inner wall (1), plate (20) of beams and plates (20) roofs which consist of slabs of wood material containing at least one inner panel (2, 12, 22) and at least one outer panel (3, 13, 23), which are held at a distance from each other spacer elements (4, 14, 24)are connected to each other and performed, at least in one direction entirely solid, and plate (1, 10, 20) pre-fabricated to required size and with the required implementation of the edges, and between the inner and outer panels(2, 3; 12, 13; 22, 23) plates (1, 10, 20) has a cavity (5, 15, 25), characterized in that the cavity (5, 15, 25) in the plates (1, 10, 20) contain a connection to a heating device or cooling device, the cavity (5, 15, 25) in the outer wall plates (10)internal wall plates (1)plates (20) of the beams and/or slabs (20) roof communicated among themselves, which, on the one hand, in the coupling zone plate (20) overlap with the outer wall (10) in the marginal zone of the plate (20) overlap has holes (28), which connect the cavity (25) in the plate (20) overlap with the cavity (15) in the outer wall (10), and for what, on the other hand, in the area of cocamide outer wall (10) and roof (20) in the same panel (22) of the plate (20) of the roof has holes (28), which connect the cavity (15) in the outer wall (10) with the cavity (25) in the plates (20) of the roof.

2. The building according to claim 1, characterized in that the inner and outer panels(2, 3; 12, 13; 22, 23) plates (1, 10, 20) for interior walls, exterior walls, floors and/or roof are wood-shaving plates.

3. The building according to claim 2, characterized in that a chipboard formed from layers of wood chips, which are oriented in different directions.

4. The building according to claim 1, characterized in that the spacer elements (4, 14, 24) are reek.

5. The building according to claim 1, characterized in that the spacer elements (4, 14, 24) are blocks.

6. The building according to claim 1, characterized in that the panel slabs internal walls (1) are made continuous in the horizontal direction.

7. The building according to claim 1, characterized in that the plates of the exterior walls (10) is made continuous in the horizontal direction.

8. The building according to claim 1, characterized in that the plates (20) floors are solid in the direction of the width or length of the building.

9. The building according to claim 1, wherein the roof includes a bearing construction made of solid in the direction of the eaves of the roof panels plates (20).

10. The building according to claim 1, characterized in that the plates of the exterior walls (10) are located one on top of another with a horizontal joint between them.

11. The building according to claim 1, characterized in that the inner plate is ten (1) are located one on top of another with a horizontal joint between them.

12. The building according to claim 1, characterized in that the plate (20) the ceilings of the building are connected with oriented in the longitudinal or transverse direction of the building joints.

13. Building 12, characterized in that the supporting structure of the roof consists of plates (20), connected oriented in the direction of the eaves joints.

14. The building according to claim 1, characterized in that the ridge area adjacent horizontal edges of the plates (20) roof supported girder (30).

15. Building 14, characterized in that the inner panel (22) of the plates (20) roofs have profiling, which made issues of the same profile in the upper area of the passage (30).

16. The building according to claim 1, characterized in that the horizontal area of the junction plates of the inner walls (1) and plates of exterior walls (10) spacers (4, 14) are provided on the lower edge of the plate of the inner wall (1) and plate of the outer wall (10)and spacers (4) on the top plate of the inner wall (1) and plate of the outer wall (10) spaced ago, at least on the flight spacer elements (4,14).

17. The building according to claim 1, characterized in that the adjacent edges of the plates (20) of beams and plates (20) roof profiled response is the same.

18. Building 17, characterized in that the adjacent edges of the plates (20) of beams and plates (20) of the roof is made in the form of the frame is and with the tooth.

19. The building according to claim 1, characterized in that the cavity (5, 15, 25) in the plates of the inner walls (1), the plates of exterior walls (10), the plates (20) slabs and plates (20) of the roof at least partially filled with material.

20. The building according to claim 1, characterized in that the cavities (5, 15, 25) of the plates is of insulating material.

21. The building according to claim 1, wherein one of the plates of the exterior walls (10) on one side has a single panel (12), and on the other side of the two panels (13), directly connected to each other, and spacers (14) connect the panel (12) and two panels (13).

22. The building according to claim 1, characterized in that the plate (20) slabs and plates (20) of the roof contains two panels (22, 23), connected to each other at a distance from each other by the spacer elements (24), which is thicker than the spacer elements (4) for slabs internal walls (1).

23. The building according to claim 1, characterized in that the cavity (5) in the slabs of wood material connected to the heating system with hot air.

24. The building according to claim 1, characterized in that the cavity (5) in the plates of the wood material is connected with an air heat pump.



 

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7 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: building, particularly to erect dwelling houses with the use of existent production facilities.

SUBSTANCE: building comprises load-bearing longitudinal and transversal wall panels connected to floor panels and outer self-supporting walls. Floor panels adapted to cover rooms with bay windows have thermal joints made as orifices filled with heat-insulation material and formed by panel edge perforation. Outer bay window wall parts are made as masonry composed of insulation blocks and supported by panel end. Load-bearing longitudinal and transversal wall panels are additionally connected with each other in at least two points located along panel heights. Outer self-supporting walls are divided into several floors. Floor panels located over rooms with bay windows have widened peripheral zones. Parts of outer walls defining rooms without bay windows are combined and include load-bearing cross-bars with thermal joints made as orifices in cross-bar flanges and masonry formed of unit heat-insulation blocks.

EFFECT: increased spatial resistance, increased service life and heat-insulation properties, reduced time and costs of building erection, possibility to use existent production facilities and improved building frame resistance to accidents.

4 dwg

FIELD: ground building, particularly fencing, for instance fences, enclosures, corrals.

SUBSTANCE: system includes balloons filled with light-weight gas and retained by steel cables at elevated locations. The balloons are connected one to another and form continuous strip extending around town circumference.

EFFECT: reduced town infrastructure maintenance costs.

3 dwg

Pavilion // 2280744

FIELD: building, particularly pre-fabricated quickly mountable framed awning structures, namely covered fields, pavilions, hangars, summer cafes, awnings and tents.

SUBSTANCE: pavilion includes awning tightening mechanism with guidescrew, which is rotated several times in clockwise direction to tighten the awning onto the frame. To release the awning the guidescrew is rotated in counter-clockwise direction. Free guidescrew end is located on lower end of roof beam to facilitate guidescrew rotation to regulate awning tightening force. Awning tightening quality may be viewed from pavilion outside during guidescrew rotation.

EFFECT: simplified awning tightening on frame and increased convenience of awning tightening.

2 dwg

Pavilion // 2280743

FIELD: building, particularly pre-fabricated quickly mountable framed awning structures, namely covered fields, pavilions, hangars, summer cafes, awnings and tents.

SUBSTANCE: pavilion comprises frame formed of roof beams having ends projecting out of pavilion walls. Awning roof ends are fastened to the frame and connected to roof beam ends through tightening belts of ratchet mechanisms. The ratchet mechanisms are secured to roof beam ends from below and connected with awning rood ends by tightening belts.

EFFECT: simplified awning tightening on frame and possibility to reduce accuracy of awning roof dimension limits.

3 dwg

Pavilion // 2280138

FIELD: building, particularly framed awning building structures, for instance covered grounds, pavilions, hangars, summer cafes and stalls.

SUBSTANCE: pavilion comprises awning roof supported by frame. The frame has arches, which are connected with each other inside the pavilion by arch-shaped removable ties. The ties are made as curved pipes or curved arch-shaped trusses. Arch-shaped ties are fastened to side arch sides or to bridge ends. Awning roof comprises built-in framing belt or rope arranged along roof perimeter. The framing belts or ropes are connected with lower arch ends or with arch feet at awning rood corners by tightening members.

EFFECT: improved rain water drainage from pavilion roof, increased pavilion performance and wind resistance.

9 dwg

Antenna tower // 2280137

FIELD: towers, masts, poles, chimney stacks, water-towers, particularly antenna towers for communication service adapted to mount different wireless antennas and for lighting and other industrial structures.

SUBSTANCE: antenna tower is made as multi-sided shell with cross-section varying along tower length and increasing in top-down direction. The shell has cross-section shaped as rectilinear dodecahedron and has solid walls or includes several sections. The lower section is solid, another sections are made of several segments connected with each other and obtained by serial three-dimensional bending of trapezoid blanks so that ribs and faces are formed. The segments have inner flanges. The sections are connected one to another so that the sections are turned one relative another and inner flanges of each next section segments are shifted 60° in horizontal plane with respect to that of previous section segments.

EFFECT: increased reliability and resistance to wind, reduced labor inputs for antenna production and mounting, as well as improved vandalism protection of electrical communication lines (feeders, cables and so on).

3 cl, 16 dwg

FIELD: building, particularly to erect buildings of elongated timber members.

SUBSTANCE: building wall includes profiled beams laid one on another and provided with dovetail spikes formed on beam surfaces. The beams create inner and outer vertical wall rows. Opposite beams of each row are mutually displaced in vertical plane and interlocked with each other by means of spikes created along inner joining surfaces thereof so that elongated labyrinth joint is formed. The labyrinth joint provides good thermal insulation of the wall.

EFFECT: improved service characteristics due to wind-resistant joints creation without the use of heating materials, reduced source material costs due to usage of building structure, which provides necessary thickness of wall formed of thin beams, as well as reduced costs of beam production and mounting due to reduced beam weight.

5 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: building, particularly erection of wooden houses in areas characterized by strong winds.

SUBSTANCE: device comprises steel pre-stressed frame control rods adapted for structure tightening to base by anchoring lower control rod ends in foundation and by connecting upper ends thereof to structure top. The control rods are provided with spring-loaded clutches, which create and regulate tightening force applied to control rods. The control rods are formed of chains, which provide control rod length change for value equal to chain length. Upper control rod ends are connected to upper parts of roof timbers connected to log house. Spring-loaded clutch formed of steel pipe is provided with manual regulation lever, orifice for above lever installation and disc spring set.

EFFECT: prevention of stability losses and separation of joints between log house timber sets under the action of strong wind and as a result of natural log house shrinkage.

2 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: timber building structures, particularly adapted to erect individual houses, namely in severe Siberian climate with taking into consideration family formation traditions of residential population.

SUBSTANCE: wall comprises inner and outer panels. Each panel is composed of several horizontal elongated timber members laid one upon another and fastened one to another. Inserted between inner and outer panels is heat-insulation material. The panels may be formed of poles and fastened in transversal direction by partitions. The partitions are made of pole cuts. The heat-insulation material is mixture of saw dust with slag or with ashes mixed with limewater.

EFFECT: reduced cost of house erected without the use of special building technique and decreased labor power industrial intake, possibility to use in-site building materials and industrial wood residue, improved ecological safety.

5 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: building, particularly timber structures.

SUBSTANCE: timber member includes balks with horizontal and vertical bores, liquid distribution pipe and electric slider. Bores are communicated in vertical and horizontal directions. The main bore extends through the full member length and has closed ends. Vertical bores have opened ends.

EFFECT: increased fire resistance and load-bearing capacity.

1 dwg

FIELD: building, particularly to construct structures including wooden elements.

SUBSTANCE: method involves drilling holes in timbers, logs and other lumber; piercing timbers, logs and other lumber with transversal ties and tensioning thereof with nuts secured to ties; offsetting timbers, logs and other lumber in groups including two or more timbers, logs and other lumber relative previous ones during building erection so that extensions and depressions are formed in walls; applying glue between timbers, logs and other lumber; installing longitudinal ties in slots and connecting ends of each longitudinal tie not terminating at wall ends with one transversal tie; mounting walls on foundation; connecting all walls, intermediate walls and partitions; packing all joints along with mating extensions of one wall with depressions of another one; pressing all building components together with the use of ties and nuts; passing transversal ties through extensions of walls to be connected; tightening all joints by nuts through resilient members with force application thereto and securing floor, ceiling and roof panels to corbels having orifices for ties receiving. Above panels have vertical holes for ties insertion. Floor and corbel are supported by timbers or logs or other lumber. Walls are connected to foundation, floor, ceiling or roof through resilient members by transversal ties or nuts adapted to move in slots due to wood shrinking or becoming wet.

EFFECT: increased tightness of building joints, strength, reliability, service life, improved ecological safety, quality of building finishing, enhanced appearance, reduced time and cost of building erection.

5 cl, 7 dwg

The invention relates to the construction industry and wood processing industry, in particular to the construction of wooden profiled bars

The invention relates to wooden house construction, namely, to designs of corner joints of timber for construction of houses, baths, etc

The invention relates to the field of construction, in particular to the long building construction, mainly from wood or other structural material that can be used as beams, posts, fence elements, and similar building structures

Connective design // 2178483
The invention relates to construction and is intended for the construction of houses with timber walls

House wall // 2168592
The invention relates to construction and is intended for the construction of low-rise houses with walls of panels based on wood and drevesnoplitnye or other sheet cladding materials

FIELD: building, particularly to construct structures including wooden elements.

SUBSTANCE: method involves drilling holes in timbers, logs and other lumber; piercing timbers, logs and other lumber with transversal ties and tensioning thereof with nuts secured to ties; offsetting timbers, logs and other lumber in groups including two or more timbers, logs and other lumber relative previous ones during building erection so that extensions and depressions are formed in walls; applying glue between timbers, logs and other lumber; installing longitudinal ties in slots and connecting ends of each longitudinal tie not terminating at wall ends with one transversal tie; mounting walls on foundation; connecting all walls, intermediate walls and partitions; packing all joints along with mating extensions of one wall with depressions of another one; pressing all building components together with the use of ties and nuts; passing transversal ties through extensions of walls to be connected; tightening all joints by nuts through resilient members with force application thereto and securing floor, ceiling and roof panels to corbels having orifices for ties receiving. Above panels have vertical holes for ties insertion. Floor and corbel are supported by timbers or logs or other lumber. Walls are connected to foundation, floor, ceiling or roof through resilient members by transversal ties or nuts adapted to move in slots due to wood shrinking or becoming wet.

EFFECT: increased tightness of building joints, strength, reliability, service life, improved ecological safety, quality of building finishing, enhanced appearance, reduced time and cost of building erection.

5 cl, 7 dwg

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