Water-wheel generator (versions)

FIELD: hydraulic power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention is designed for creating stationary and transportable modular hydraulic plants and setting up unit hydraulic power stations. Proposed water-wheel generator has body, shaft with central bevel gear, planet pinion members, each containing blade and shaft with bevel gears on ends, one end of shaft being coupled with central gear. Central bevel gear is rigidly secured on one of ends of central shaft non-rotating around its axis and arranged vertically. Planet pinion members are arranged around central radially and uniformly. Shaft of each planet pinion member with bevel gears on its ends is made single-section, and bevel gear belonging to said shaft and pointed to side of blade of said planet pinion member engages with bevel secured rigidly and coaxially to smaller spur gear of blade reduction gear. Larger spur gear engages with smaller one, and it is secured on axle of blade installed vertically. Each blade rests by ends of its axle for rotation of brackets mounted by bases on cylindrical housing installed for rotation coaxially relative to central shaft, and tops of brackets at both ends of central shaft are connected by ring rims. Upper rim, being drive wheel, is coupled with energy converters. Central shaft rests by both ends with locking on framework provided with pontoon devices. Invention makes it possible to use river current energy with maximum efficiency at no adverse effect on environment caused by submersion of river flood lands caused by building of dams, energy of ocean currents, energy of tides and ebbs owing to use of blades with two points of support. Versions of design of water-wheel generators are provided in description.

EFFECT: simple design, high adaptability to manufacture and servicing of water-wheel generator.

5 cl, 5 dwg

 

The invention relates to hydropower and can be used to create stationary and transportable hydro installations of modular type, intended for independent use and for their acquisition in an Autonomous block of hydroelectric power.

Known hydrogenerator containing the shaft, equipped with satellite links, comprising blades, the axis of which is connected with the gears (see EN 2050466 C1, class F 03 D 7/06, 20.12.1995).

Famous deep hanging megalocornea HES using the above generators installed on the platform floats (see EN 2080476 C1, class F 03 B 7/00, 13/10, 27.05.1997).

The disadvantage of the hydrogenerator is the need for airtight performance throughout its construction, and low reliability due to the use of blades, reinforced at one end.

The technical result is used with maximum efficiency the energy of the water flow at the maximum possible simplicity of construction, in enhancing its reliability and versatility in the manufacture and in the operation and is ensured by the fact that the generator (option 1), comprising a housing, a shaft with a Central gear, is made conical, satellite links, each of which includes a blade and a roller with a tapered gears at the ends, when tomadin the end of the roller is connected with the Central gear, according to the invention at one end is not rotating around its axis of Central shaft located vertically rigidly established a Central bevel gear, and satellite links are located around it radially and evenly, with each roller of the satellite link is made single-section, and a conical gear belonging roller and facing the blades of the same satellite link is in engagement with a tapered gear, reinforced rigidly and coaxially with the small cylindrical vane gear reducer, and a large cylindrical gear interacts with a small and fixed on the axis of the blade, installed vertically, with each blade ends its axis rests with for rotation on brackets, fortified bases on the cylindrical housing defined relative to the Central shaft coaxial with the possibility of rotation, and the tops of the brackets at both ends of the Central shaft connected to the annular rim, the upper rim is a driving wheel and is connected by a flexible transmission energy converters, while the Central shaft at both ends rests with the fixation on the frame, equipped with pontoon devices.

In the generator (option 2), comprising a housing, a shaft with a Central gear, is made conical, satellite, C is Enya, each of which includes a blade and a roller with a tapered gears at the ends, with one end of the roller is connected with the Central gear, according to the invention at one end is not rotating around its axis of Central shaft located vertically rigidly established a Central bevel gear, and satellite links are located around it radially and evenly, with each roller of the satellite link is made single-section, and a conical gear belonging roller and facing the blades of the same satellite link is in engagement with bevel gear mounted on the axis of the blade, installed vertically, with each blade ends its axis rests rotatably on the bracket, fortified bases on the cylindrical housing defined relative to the Central shaft coaxial with the possibility of rotation, and the tops of the brackets at both ends of the Central shaft connected to the annular rim, the upper rim is a driving wheel and is connected by a flexible transmission energy converters, while the Central shaft at both ends rests with the fixation on the frame, equipped with pontoon devices.

In the generator (option 3), comprising a housing, a shaft with a Central gear, is made conical, still the local links each of which includes a blade and a roller with a tapered gears at the ends, with one end of the roller is connected with the Central gear, according to the invention at one end is not rotating around its axis of the Central shaft, which is located horizontally rigidly established a Central bevel gear, and satellite links are located around it radially and evenly, with each roller of the satellite link is made single-section, and a conical gear belonging roller and facing the blades of the same satellite link is in engagement with a tapered gear, reinforced rigidly and coaxially with the small cylindrical pinion blade gear, and a large cylindrical gear interacts with a small and fixed on the axis of the blade, installed horizontally, with each blade ends its axis rests rotatably on the bracket, fortified bases on the cylindrical housing defined relative to the Central shaft coaxial with the possibility of rotation, and the tops of the brackets at both ends of the Central shaft connected to the annular rim, which is the driving wheels, which are connected by a flexible transmission energy converters, while the Central shaft at both ends rests with the fixation on the frame.

the generator (option 4), comprising a housing, a shaft with a Central gear, is made conical, satellite links, each of which includes a blade and a roller with a tapered gears at the ends, with one end of the roller is connected with the Central gear, according to the invention at one end is not rotating around its axis of the Central shaft, which is located horizontally rigidly established a Central bevel gear, and satellite links are located around it radially and evenly, with each roller of the satellite link is made single-section, and a conical gear belonging roller and facing the blades of the same satellite link is in interaction with the bevel gear mounted on the axis of the blade, installed horizontally, with each blade ends its axis rests rotatably on the bracket, fortified bases on the cylindrical housing defined relative to the Central shaft coaxial with the possibility of rotation, and the tops of the brackets at both ends of the Central shaft connected to the annular rim, which is the driving wheels, which are connected by a flexible transmission energy converters, while the Central shaft at both ends rests with the fixation on the frame.

Figure 1 shows the internal kinematic links and rotor generators (option 1 and 3);

figure 2 - internal kinematic connection of the rotor generators (option 2 and 4) ;

figure 3 - rotor generators (option 1 and 2) top view or the rotor generators (option 3 and 4) side view;

figure 4 - General view of the hydro-generators (option 1 and 2);

5 is a General view of the hydro-generators (option 3 and 4).

The generators are equipped with a rotor comprising a Central shaft 1, not rotating around its axis, while the Central shaft 1 is vertically for hydro generators (option 1 and 2) and horizontally for hydro generators (option 3 and 4). At one end of the Central shaft is rigidly mounted a Central bevel gear 2, and satellite links are located around it radially and evenly, while the roller 3 each satellite link with bevel gears 4 and 5 at the ends of the completed single-and bevel gear 4, which belongs to the platen and facing the Central bevel gear, it is in the interaction, and the bevel gear 5, which belongs to the platen and facing in the direction of the blade 6 of the same satellite link is in engagement with bevel gear 7, fortified for hydrogenerators (options 1 and 3) is rigidly and coaxially with a small cylindrical gear 8 paddle gearbox, and a large cylindrical gear 9 interacts with a small and fixed on the axis is opasti 6. For hydrogenerators (option 2 and 4) bevel gear 5, which belongs to the platen and facing in the direction of the blade 6 is in engagement with bevel gear 10 fixed on the axis of the blade 6.

For hydrogenerators (option 1 and 2) rotor blades are installed vertically, and for hydro generators (option 3 and 4) horizontally.

For hydrogenerators all variants of each blade 6 with the ends of its axis rests rotatably on the bracket 11, fortified bases on the cylindrical housing 12 defined relative to the Central shaft 1 coaxially with the possibility of rotation, and the tops of the brackets 11 at both ends of the Central shaft 1 connected to the annular rim 13. For hydrogenerators (option 1 and 2) of the upper rim is a driving wheel and is connected by a flexible transmission 14 with the energy Converter 15, while the Central shaft 1 at both ends rests with the fixation on the frame 16, is equipped with pontoon devices 17. For hydrogenerators (option 3 and 4) both of the rim 13 are drive wheels and associated flexible transmission 14 with energy converters 15, while the Central shaft 1 at both ends rests with the fixation on the frame 16.

For hydrogenerators all variants with the full turn of the rotor around its axis, the blades 6 make a half-turn when the direction of rotation of the blades 6 of owls is fully direction of rotation of the rotor.

The ratio of the number of gear teeth 2-4 (Z1-Z2), 5-7 (Z3-Z4) generators (option 1 and 3) in figure 1, and gears 2-4 (Z1-Z2) hydro generator (option 2) and hydro generator (option 4) is 1:1.

The ratio of the number of gear teeth 8-9 (Z5-Z6) generators (option 1 and 3) in figure 1, and gears 5-10 (Z3-Z4) hydro generator (option 2) and hydro generator (option 4) is 1:2, while the possible number of blades 6 is determined by the amount of bevel gears 4, having the opportunity to interact with a Central bevel gear 2.

In the construction of hydro-generators with a large number of blades, the ratio of the number of teeth of the above pairs of gears are changed while preserving the overall gear ratio is equal to 0.5.

Preparation of hydro-generators (option 1 and 2) to work and their work.

These generators, promising energy use in the rivers, ocean energy and ocean currents, as well as the energy of the tides.

On the basis of these generators can be created ocean energy and marine laboratories, as well as ocean and marine settlements, which are located above the frame 16 of the generators or their units.

On the seabed ready point of attachment of the cables holding frame 16 hydrogenerators (unit generators) in a static state. Original at the stop of the blades 6 of the generators is to dive hydrogenerators in the water. The frame 16 generators is oriented so that one side of the frame 16, which represents in horizontal section of the square, was directed along the sea currents. Conventionally, this side is called the support. The blades 6 of the generators in turn are provided to the side opposite the support, and the plane of the blades 6 of the generators are installed parallel to the plane of that side, with a bracket to which is attached a custom blade will be perpendicular to this side. The hydro-land on the surface of the water, while the rear retains the direction along the sea currents. The pontoons 17 gradually filled with water, the hydro-immersed to the desired depth, with the plane of the frame 16, which is intended for the location of residential areas, will be located at a selected distance from the water. Frame 16 hydrogenerators secure the cables to the mounting points on the seabed, and in the composition of the block of generators to the frame 16 block design, as well as to the frame 16 adjacent generators. Water from the pontoons 17 is pumped. Design acquires the calculated buoyancy.

Incoming flow of water VI, acting on the blades 6, creates a torque of the rotor, with the result of the interaction of the Central bevel gear 2 with conical gears 4 satellite the links and further, with the gears 5, 7, 8, 9 and gears 5 and 10 turns the plane of the blades 6 is at an optimum angle to the water flow.

When the design and operation of generators, using the power of the tides, it's important that the performance and efficiency of the proposed generators does not depend on the change of direction of water flow on the opposite, that is a peculiar property of their functional symmetry.

Preparation of hydro-generators (option 3 and 4) to work and their work.

These generators promising energy use reaches of rivers with ice over in the winter time, and energy flow of unfrozen rivers.

For hydro generators on the river bottom is prepared space with the possibility of mounting frame 16. The initial installation of the blades 6 is as follows. Each blade 6 in turn is provided at the lower end position and is mounted horizontally. Dive hydrogenerators in water is in the position of the axis of the rotor hydrogenerator along a river. The frame 16 is attached to the platform with the possibility of a reversal of the frame 16 so that the axis of the rotor hydrogenerator was perpendicular to the river.

The principle of operation of the generators (option 3 and 4) is similar to the transformation as well hydrogenerators (option 1 and 2).

In the practical implementation of the claimed solution will allow you to create a new type of energy converters flowing water.

Industrial use of the stated solution will allow to solve many problems of energy without pollution and without flooding huge areas to create reservoirs required for the use of hydro-generators of an existing type in the modern hydropower plants.

1. The hydro generator, comprising a housing, a shaft with a Central gear, is made conical, satellite links, each of which includes a blade and a roller with a tapered gears at the ends, with one end of the roller is connected with the Central gear, characterized in that at one end is not rotating around its axis of Central shaft located vertically rigidly established a Central bevel gear, and satellite links are located around it radially and evenly, the roller of each satellite link with bevel gears on the ends are made of a single-section and conical gear belonging to the platen and converted to the side blades of the same satellite link is in engagement with a tapered gear, reinforced rigidly and coaxially with the small cylindrical vane gear reducer, and the big C is indicesa gear interacts with a small and fixed on the axis of the blade, installed vertically, with each blade ends its axis rests rotatably on the bracket, fortified bases on the cylindrical housing defined relative to the Central shaft coaxial with the possibility of rotation, and the tops of the brackets at both ends of the Central shaft connected to the annular rim, the upper rim is a drive wheel and connected with the energy converters, while the Central shaft at both ends rests with the fixation on the frame, equipped with pontoon devices.

2. The hydro generator, comprising a housing, a shaft with a Central gear, is made conical, satellite links, each of which includes a blade and a roller with a tapered gears at the ends, with one end of the roller is connected with the Central gear, characterized in that at one end is not rotating around its axis of Central shaft located vertically rigidly established a Central bevel gear, and satellite links are located around it radially and evenly, the roller of each satellite link with bevel gears on the ends are made of a single-section and conical gear belonging to the platen and converted to the side blades of the same satellite link is in engagement with a tapered gear, MC is altnoy on the axis of the blade, installed vertically, with each blade ends its axis rests rotatably on the bracket, fortified bases on the cylindrical housing defined relative to the Central shaft coaxial with the possibility of rotation, and the tops of the brackets at both ends of the Central shaft connected to the annular rim, the upper rim is a drive wheel and connected with the energy converters, while the Central shaft at both ends rests with the fixation on the frame, equipped with pontoon devices.

3. The hydro generator, comprising a housing, a shaft with a Central gear, is made conical, satellite links, each of which includes a blade and a roller with a tapered gears at the ends, with one end of the roller is connected with the Central gear, characterized in that at one end is not rotating around its axis of the Central shaft, which is located horizontally rigidly established a Central bevel gear, and satellite links are located around it radially and evenly, the roller of each satellite link with bevel gears on the ends are made of a single-section and conical gear belonging to the platen and converted to the side blades of the same satellite link is in engagement with bevel gear, is fastened rigidly and coaxially with the small cylindrical vane gear reducer, and a large cylindrical gear interacts with a small and fixed on the axis of the blade, installed horizontally, with each blade ends its axis rests rotatably on the bracket, fortified bases on the cylindrical housing defined relative to the Central shaft coaxial with the possibility of rotation, and the tops of the brackets at both ends of the Central shaft connected to the annular rim, which is the driving wheels, which are connected by a flexible transmission energy converters, while the Central shaft at both ends rests with the fixation on the frame.

4. The hydro generator, comprising a housing, a shaft with a Central gear, is made conical, satellite links, each of which includes a blade and a roller with a tapered gears at the ends, with one end of the roller is connected with the Central gear, characterized in that at one end is not rotating around its axis of the Central shaft, which is located horizontally rigidly established a Central bevel gear, and satellite links are located around it radially and evenly, the roller of each satellite link with bevel gears on the ends are made of a single-section and conical gear belonging to the platen and converted to the side blades of the same satellites the link, is in engagement with bevel gear mounted on the axis of the blade, installed horizontally, with each blade ends its axis rests rotatably on the bracket, fortified bases on the cylindrical housing defined relative to the Central shaft coaxial with the possibility of rotation, and the tops of the brackets at both ends of the Central shaft connected to the annular rim, which is the driving wheels, which are connected by a flexible transmission energy converters, while the Central shaft at both ends rests with the fixation on the frame.



 

Same patents:

Hydraulic turbine // 2277182

FIELD: hydraulic engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention is designed for converting kinetic energy of water flow of small rivers and tides. Proposed hydraulic turbine has housing and wheel with helical blade provided with flange in form of cylindrical spiral secured on blade for changing outreach of flange.

EFFECT: increased transmission of flow to wheel, reduced losses for friction against stationary housing, increased efficiency of turbine.

2 dwg

FIELD: hydraulic power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: proposed hydraulic turbine generators are designed for creating stationary and portable hydraulic plants of modular type. Generators have rotor with central shaft non-rotating around horizontal axis or vertical axis (as version) on which chain drive gears are rigidly fitted, each being coupled through independent chain drive with planet pinion members arranged radially and uniformly around central shaft. Each member has blade reduction gear consisting of gear of chain drive and of large and small cylindrical gears, the latter being coaxial and rigidly coupled with gear of chain drive of blade reduction gear, and large cylindrical gear is rigidly secured on axle of blade installed horizontally for generator (or vertically, as version). Each blade rests by ends of its axle for rotation on brackets secured on hubs by bases. Hubs are installed on both ends of shaft for rotation and tops of brackets at both ends of central shaft are connected by ring rims being drive wheels connected with energy converters by flexible drive.

EFFECT: provision of effective and reliable operation.

3 cl, 4 dwg

Hydroelectric plant // 2258154

FIELD: power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: plant is designed for generating electric energy and pumping of water. Proposed device contains floating base in form of catamaran with channel between housing of catamaran in which water wheel with blades on its outer surface is mounted, and electric generator mechanically coupled with shaft of water wheel. Diameter of water wheel is less than its length. End faces of water wheel are covered, and front profile of water wheel blades is made to logarithmic spiral. Moreover, plant is furnished with water pump, and drive of electric generator is made in form of step-up harmonic gearing whose flexible gear is coupled with end face of water pump. Output shaft of step-up gearing is aligned with shafts of water wheel and electric generator, being coupled with water pump by step-up belt drive. Drive sheave of step-up belt drive is installed on shaft of electric generator. Controllable clutches are installed on shafts of belt drive.

EFFECT: improved reliability and enlarged operating capabilities of plant.

2 cl, 3 dwg

Hydraulic turbine // 2244155

FIELD: hydropower engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention is designed for use in lower power hydroelectric power stations. Proposed hydraulic turbine contains housing with end face covers, intake and exhaust branch pipes. Housing accommodates two rotors and streamlined guide. Rotors are made of made tubes provided with longitudinal cut and installed so that part of tube plays part of plate and other part plays part of rotor housing. Hydraulic turbine is furnished with system including pump, distributing device and pipelines providing pressure of water in tandem spaces between plates and housing.

EFFECT: reduced labor input in manufacture of hydraulic turbine.

1 dwg

Dam hydroelectric // 2221932

The invention relates to the field of hydropower construction and can be used in the construction of tidal power plants (TPP) and low-pressure river hydropower plants (HPP)

The invention relates to wind and hydropower and for type Savonius rotors used in wind power and hydraulic motors

FIELD: power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: turbine is designed to convert energy of water or air streams inflowing from side. Proposed turbine has shaft hinge-mounted in post around which blades are installed for turning in radial directions between supports rigidly and normally connected to shaft. Turning of blades is limited by stops. Blades are made flat, with rounded off long edges, and are arranged around shaft minimum in two directions with spaces between edges. Turning of blades is limited by two stops, and tire in turbine, thus formed, repeats in length of shaft with uniform angular turn. Supports can be made in form of radial cantilevers with aerodynamic profiling of cross section. Stops are made retractable into support body if pressure force of blade exceeds calibrated force of spring holding the stop in working position.

EFFECT: increased efficiency of using energy of fluid medium flow, simplified design.

3 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: conversion of river stream energy into electric power.

SUBSTANCE: proposed plant has base in the form of catamaran that mounts current generators and their drive, current parameters stabilizing system, turbine capable of running in fully submerged condition, and its hoist. Turbine is made in the form of belt conveyer installed on edge at certain angle to river stream. Blades made of flexible material are secured throughout entire width and length of belt. Each blade is made in the form of bucket capable of folding and resting on belt during transfer from working to idle side of conveyer, and it has pocket on external surface for automatic raising of blade by river stream during transfer from idle to working position. Turbine hoist has rocker arm for turbine suspension hinged on one end to catamaran and on other end, to turbine frame that mounts generator-drive bevel gear so that longitudinal axes of hoist rocker-arm hinges and longitudinal axis of bevel-gear driven pinion are disposed on same line. In addition, hydroelectric power plant is equipped with device enabling variation of turbine angle of installation to water flow.

EFFECT: enhanced power capacity.

1 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: hydraulic power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: proposed hydraulic turbine generators are designed for creating stationary and portable hydraulic plants of modular type. Generators have rotor with central shaft non-rotating around horizontal axis or vertical axis (as version) on which chain drive gears are rigidly fitted, each being coupled through independent chain drive with planet pinion members arranged radially and uniformly around central shaft. Each member has blade reduction gear consisting of gear of chain drive and of large and small cylindrical gears, the latter being coaxial and rigidly coupled with gear of chain drive of blade reduction gear, and large cylindrical gear is rigidly secured on axle of blade installed horizontally for generator (or vertically, as version). Each blade rests by ends of its axle for rotation on brackets secured on hubs by bases. Hubs are installed on both ends of shaft for rotation and tops of brackets at both ends of central shaft are connected by ring rims being drive wheels connected with energy converters by flexible drive.

EFFECT: provision of effective and reliable operation.

3 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: hydraulic engineering.

SUBSTANCE: device is designed for converting kinetic energy of small and medium rivers into elastic energy. Proposed hydraulic unit contains hydraulic turbine installed on frame with bearings on its shaft, generator mechanically coupled with hydraulic turbine, stream shaper and device in form of plates to protect hydraulic unit from floating debris. Hydraulic unit has intermediate vertically and horizontally installed shafts with bearings interconnected by conical gears. Vertical shaft is arranged in well built near bank and communicating with river by channel made under level of maximum possible thickness of ice cover. Part of horizontal shaft connected with hydraulic turbine is arranged in said channel. Upper end of vertical shaft is connected with generator through ground horizontal shaft and step-up reduction unit. Stream shaper is made in form of flaps installed on shaft for turning to direct water stream of river to its central part between which turnable gate is installed for contacting with one of flaps to direct water stream to right-hand or left-hand side of hydraulic turbine.

EFFECT: provision of reliable operation all year round.

3 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to non-conventional power sources, and it can be used in plants using energy of wind, river, deep sea and other currents. Proposed plant contains one or several vertical shafts and horizontal rods with blades. Said hollow rods are installed on shafts for limited turning relative to their axes. Opposite blades of each rod are rigidly secured on rod square to each other and eccentrically relative to axis of rod. Shafts adjacent in horizontal direction are made for rotation in opposite directions.

EFFECT: provision of simple ecologically safe device operating at any direction of current in liquid and gaseous medium and at medium interface.

3 dwg

The invention relates to hydropower, in particular, to hydroelectric plants, which can be installed in a gravity flow of water at different depths, and to work at any time of the year

The invention relates to hydropower, in particular, to devices for energy conversion of the current environment, such as rivers, tidal, etc

The invention relates to hydropower, in particular, to devices for energy conversion of the current environment, such as rivers, tidal, etc

Wave energy plant // 2286476

FIELD: wave-energy-to-electric-power conversion.

SUBSTANCE: proposed wave energy plant has supporting frame with vertical guides, float installed for vertical reciprocation that accommodates ratchet gears provided with coaxial central holes, shaft passed though these holes and fixed in supporting frame to laminar screw section whose top and bottom parts are twisted in opposition and contact ratchet gears disposed in cylindrical casing with through holes; it also has electric generator. Float is mounted for displacement along vertical guides and has inertial member disposed inside for rotation and displacement together with float; inertial member contacts inner surface of float casing through rollers. Cylindrical casing is joined with inertial member; electric generator is disposed within supporting frame and kinematically coupled through extensible joint between inertial member and drum installed for joint rotation with the latter and with gear transmission.

EFFECT: enhanced power output of wave energy plant generator.

1 cl, 1 dwg

Up!