Timber building wall

FIELD: building, particularly to erect buildings of elongated timber members.

SUBSTANCE: building wall includes profiled beams laid one on another and provided with dovetail spikes formed on beam surfaces. The beams create inner and outer vertical wall rows. Opposite beams of each row are mutually displaced in vertical plane and interlocked with each other by means of spikes created along inner joining surfaces thereof so that elongated labyrinth joint is formed. The labyrinth joint provides good thermal insulation of the wall.

EFFECT: improved service characteristics due to wind-resistant joints creation without the use of heating materials, reduced source material costs due to usage of building structure, which provides necessary thickness of wall formed of thin beams, as well as reduced costs of beam production and mounting due to reduced beam weight.

5 cl, 1 dwg

 

The invention relates to the construction of buildings from long wooden parts and is used for walls wooden buildings.

A well known building of the wooden parts of the patent RU 2036292. The building contains inner and outer walls, the latter of which is made of stacked on top of each other horizontally placed wooden beams, rigidly connected by a rod fasteners passed through apertures in the bars, some of which have grooves that have spikes wooden planks.

Known building is distinguished by the fact that the studs and grooves made in the area of the corner joints of exterior walls throughout the height of the number of bars of each of the outer wall with the formation of one vertical ridge, and connected with it, the vertical channel having the form of a "dovetail", and each outer wall has at both ends spikes or notches.

The disadvantages of the known technical solutions are:

- the need to fill the expansion slots insulating materials;

- the need to use logs of large diameter for the manufacture of profiled beam, a compliant thermal conductivity in areas with a harsh climate, which leads to high cost of raw materials as you can't use cheap "slender trees";

- h is the need for additional machinery for processing beams of large cross-section and mass, and for wall mounting.

A well known building of the wooden beams in the patent RU 2038448 chosen by the applicant as a prototype.

The building contains the crowns of horizontal bars with chamfers on the abutting surfaces, stacked one upon the other and placed between the insulating strips. The building differs in that the side surfaces of the bars are made of angular grooves, resulting in these surfaces formed spikes in the form of a "dovetail". In angular grooves between the crowns of the framework installed rails having a cross-sectional configuration in the form of a "dovetail", thereby fixing the boards of the top of the crown relative to the bars at the bottom of the crown.

The prototype, as the first analogue, has the following disadvantages:

- inability to obtain not blown expansion slots without filling their insulating materials;

- the need to use logs of large diameter for the manufacture of profiled beam, a compliant thermal conductivity in areas with a harsh climate, which leads to high cost of raw materials as you can't use cheap "slender trees";

- the need for additional machinery for processing beams of large cross-section and mass, and for wall mounting.

The prototype does not solve the question of the erection of a two-row wooden walls what's buildings with sealed between the outer and inner rims with connection type "dovetail", what makes irrational its application for construction of buildings in areas with a harsh climate, especially in the far North;

The technical result of the claimed invention is to eliminate the disadvantages of the prototype, namely:

- improving performance of buildings through the use of windproof joints without the use of insulation materials;

- reduced costs of raw materials due to its design, allowing to obtain the desired wall thickness of the profile beams, made of small logs";

- reducing the cost of manufacture and installation of timber by reducing its weight.

The technical result is achieved in that in the wall of a wooden building consisting of stacked one on another profile bars, on surfaces have been thorns in the form of a "dovetail", according to the invention, the beams form the outer and inner vertical rows of walls, opposite the bars of each row are shifted vertically relative to each other and connected to each other in the castle of thorns made along their inner connecting surfaces with the formation of extensive labyrinth joint, providing internal wall insulation.

In addition, in the wall of a wooden building one of the vertical rows of bars is external and the other docked the first with him near the inner wall.

In the wall of a wooden building inside and outside its ranks connected between the spikes of the opposite bars.

In the wall of a wooden building in each of the rows of bars connected together in the vertical plane of the U-shaped profile.

In the wall of a wooden building the bars of the inner row are offset from the bars of the outer row by half the height of the beam.

The location of the bars with the formation of the outer and inner vertical interconnected rows of the walls where opposite bars adjacent rows are shifted vertically relative to each other and joined together in the castle of thorns made along their inner connecting surfaces, increases the degree of insulation of the internal space of the building from the environment due to the formation of long-labyrinth joint, providing internal wall insulation.

The proposed design of the wooden walls allows you to assemble the building of the specified wall thickness of the profile beams, made of small logs" small cross-sectional area. The design allows to reduce the cost of raw materials, manufacture and installation of timber by reducing its weight.

The connection between the inner and outer rows of bars walls crowned with thorns as "swallows the and tail, and the connection bars in each of the rows with each other vertically with a U-shaped profiles provide through education windproof long labyrinth seal joints of conjugate elements, improving the performance of buildings without the use of additional insulation of cushioning materials.

The essence of the claimed technical solution is illustrated in the drawing, which shows a cross-section of the wall of the building.

Wall of the wooden building consists of stacked one on another profile bars 1, on the inner side connecting surfaces are 2 spikes in the form of a "dovetail" with the formation of extensive labyrinth of junction 4. The bars in the wall laid the two outer and inner vertical interconnected series 3, opposite the bars 1 each adjacent row 3 is shifted vertically relative to each other and connected to each other in the castle of thorns 2 made along their inner connecting the side surfaces, with the formation of extensive labyrinth of junction 4, providing internal wall insulation. One of the vertical rows of 3 bars 1 is external, and the other, attached to him - the inner row 3 bars 1. The inner and outer rows of 3 connected between the studs 2 opposite bars 1.

The bars 1 in each of rows 3, respectively connected between each other in the vertical plane of the U-shaped profile 5, which provide a record of the beams in the transverse direction relative to each other. Bars 1 internal number 3 cm is disposed relative to the outer bars 1 number 3 half height timber. Spikes 2 bars of the outer and inner rows 3 are connected together by inclined surfaces that ensures the fixation of crowns walls relative to each other in the transverse direction. Spikes 2 and U-shaped profiles 5 provide a seal of conjugate elements.

The vertical connection of the inner and outer rows 3 through complex compounds containing a rectangular U-shaped box 5 and box 2 type dovetail. The Assembly building is carried out in the following sequence.

Beam 1 outside range of wall 3 is inserted into the corner connecting groove opposite beam 1 internal number 3. When it joined the inclined surface of thorns 2 bars 1. The bars 1 in the outer row 3 and, respectively, the bars 1 in the inner row 3 joined together by the connecting surfaces of the U-shaped profiles 5.

The economic effect from implementation of the invention is:

improving talouspoliittinen qualities of buildings made of wood;

- reduced costs for raw materials due to the use of "small logs";

- reducing the cost of fabrication and installation of wall bars having reduced weight characteristics;

excluding expenses for the purchase and laying of additional insulating strips.

1. Wall of the wooden building, consisting of wojenny the one to the other of the profile bars, on surfaces have been thorns in the form of a "dovetail", characterized in that the beams form the outer and inner vertical rows of walls, opposite the bars of each row are shifted vertically relative to each other and connected to each other in the castle of thorns made along their inner connecting surfaces, with the formation of extensive labyrinth joint, providing internal wall insulation.

2. Wall of the wooden building according to claim 1, characterized in that one of the vertical rows of bars is external, and the other, attached with him near the inner wall.

3. Wall of the wooden building according to claim 2, characterized in that the inner and outer rows are connected between the spikes of the opposite bars.

4. Wall of the wooden building according to claim 1, characterized in that the bars in each series are connected between each other in the vertical plane of the U-shaped profile.

5. Wall of the wooden building according to claim 1, characterized in that the bars of the inner row are offset from the bars of the outer row by half the height of the beam.



 

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