Method for graphic display of objects, moving in scenic space

FIELD: technology for processing images of moving objects, possible use, in particular, in theatric art, show business when registration/recording is necessary or repeated reproduction of scenic performance.

SUBSTANCE: method includes inserting enumeration system for each object and performing projection of enumerated objects onto plane, while projection is displayed in form of graph with trajectories of movement of enumerated objects in each staging.

EFFECT: spatial-temporal serial graphic display of scenic action for its further identification and repeated reproduction.

2 dwg

 

The invention relates to techniques for processing images of moving objects and can be used, in particular, in theatrical arts, show business if necessary check/commit or re playback performance.

Known method of fixing the image of the object (1), which highlight the contour bounding a connected flat area of the image of the object, used as a standard contour image of a circle of selected radius R, the center of which combine with the center of the contour image of the object, characterized in that the center of the contour image of the object take the midpoint of the segment connecting the two most posted vertices of the convex shape of the contour of the image object.

The described method provides a consistent view of the contours of the image of interest and reducing the dependence of the position of the centre of the path and errors due to the representation of the contour circle with determination on the proposed rules provisions of the Central fixation of the circuit and the error in the view depending on the radius of the locking circle and the position of the contour points. Application of this method is to automate the design and analysis of landscape patterns.

The known method and device imaging (2), which allows you to project on the hypothesis the critical two-dimensional screen, the set of all sequences of point elements, located in three-dimensional space, and in the exercise of which perform the following operations: calculating a distribution of sequences of point elements, if mentioned many exact sequences of elements of arbitrarily located in a spherical region of three-dimensional space; calculating a distribution of sequences of point elements on said two-dimensional screen based on the distribution of the set of all sequences of point elements in three-dimensional space; formation on two-dimensional image formed by dot elements on the basis of the calculated in this way, the distribution of sequences of point elements on two-dimensional screen. Thus the set of all sequences of dot elements arranged in three-dimensional space represent the coordinates of the vertices, which are used for rendering objects using polygons. Thus, in the storage medium, which may be software and technical calculations, can be the set of all sequences of dot elements arranged in three-dimensional space representing the coordinates used for the visualization of one of the moving objects.

This method is used to form images for praeterea the Oia hypothetical two-dimensional screen many sequences of point elements, located in three-dimensional space, with the means of calculating the distribution of sequences of point elements on two-dimensional screen based on their distribution in three-dimensional space, provided that the set of such sequences of point elements arbitrarily located in a region of three-dimensional space, resulting in a two-dimensional screen of image formation, formed by sequences of point elements, based on the calculated distribution of sequences of point elements on two-dimensional screen.

Known so-called "Director's pictures (3), which are a chain graphical explanations of the Director in the text of the play in the form of additional drawings of the location and direction of the movements of the actors on the stage. However, other elements of the Director of composition at the Stanislavsky and other Directors not fixed and there are virtual, being subject to arbitrary interpretation of the re-formulation of the same or another Director.

The aim of the invention is a spatial-temporal sequential graphic display of performance in terms of directing, used as a separate Annex to the text of the plays/performances, to further identify and multiple playback is edenia.

The problem is solved by the method of graphical display objects moving in the stage space, which consists in graphic record of each staging, characterized in that it introduces a system of numbering each object and the projection of the numbered objects on the plane, and the projection is displayed in the form of a graph with the trajectories of the numbered objects to each mise-EN-scene.

In addition, the implementation of the method can be carried out in digital format using computer technology when appropriate format using the computer with appropriate software, in a three-dimensional virtual form as F (x, y, z), where z is the third coordinate.

A specific example of implementation shown in Fig. 1 and 2, where stage space is presented in two planes: the layout of S1 (figure 1) and planning in the context of S2 (figure 2). Using drawings with design elements, executed by the artist-designer in the amount of copyright-solving performance. The scale is set so that the plane S1 and S2 fit in a user-friendly format A4.

Then the plane S1 and S2 are placed in the system coordinate axes x1, y1 and x2, y2, respectively.

On the planes S1 and S2 are "superimposed" grid with fixed pitch L1 L2. For example, a step along the coordinate axes are chosen the same, traditionally equal to 1 m, i.e. L1=L2=L=1 m choice of coordinate system and the location of the coordinate axes are arbitrary and designed depending on the specific design.

After that is allocated a set of dynamic objects (actors and movable objects)involved in the corresponding stage performance, concert, show, etc), each of which being sufficiently small in relation to the parameters of the scene, taken at a point in the planes S1 and S2.

The coding system of points selected set is chosen arbitrarily, for example, artists are invited mnemonic rule: code is associated with the name of the character. For example, the hero of Macbeth from the play by William Shakespeare, is encoded as MRV, witches W1, W2, W3, etc.

Accordingly, each dynamic object (point), in each moment of stage action, receives the coordinates (x1, N1, x2, N2).

Given that a significant portion of the movement of the object stage shows, as a rule, occurs exclusively in the plane S1, whether in these time intervals in the plane S2 disappears.

The scenic view is broken from beginning to end fragments ("pieces" Costanilla), acts, scenes, and so on, forming a so-called "event number" (GAES onogawa) with corresponding numbering.

If necessary, through the approximation is plotted the trajectory of the stage object and draws the corresponding dynamic schema for each fragment of the view.

Each dynamic scheme is supplemented, if necessary, by the application with a description of the action objects in this fragment view. For example:

1. Bridge 1 and Bridge 3 raised to a height of 6 m, the Bridge 2 is at a height of 2 meters

2. Witches (W1, W2, W3) leave the pit under the Bridge 2 and are fixed at specified points.

3. Bridge 2 along with the witch rises to a height of 6 meters

4. Right from the depth of the scene along a given trajectory moves Macbeth (MRV). In the right hand holds a burning torch.

5. Macbeth comes to the proscenium, kneels (point [-3;-1]) and extinguishes the torch.

6. Length change.

The result of this action set schedules and appendices thereto with a text explanation or machine-readable medium with this kit is the fixation of the "Director's picture" of the performance.

The application of the proposed method allows to identify the work of individual Director, to carry out the position of the action onstage during his absence, keeping his copyrights, to exercise control over compliance with requirements of the Director, to create the evidence base to allow the court the dispute, concerning the authorship of Directors, and ensure payment of royalties.

In addition, the automation of this method allows to reduce development time variations of the Director's picture" and provide "surround vision" Director of the stage from different angles of view that it is also possible to fix.

Literature

1. RF patent №2025777, 1994

2. Application for patent of the RF No. 2001133356, 2003

3. Directing instances Stanislavsky 1898-1990. "Uncle Vanya" by Anton Chekhov 1899, Izd-vo "Phoenix", Moscow, S.-Petersburg, 1994

The method of graphical display objects moving in the stage space, which consists in graphic record of each staging, characterized in that it introduces a system of numbering each object and the projection of the numbered objects on the plane, and the projection is displayed in the form of a graph with the trajectories of the numbered objects to each mise-EN-scene.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: device and method for recognizing gestures in dynamics from a series of stereo frames.

SUBSTANCE: method includes producing a series of stereo-images of object, on basis of which map of differences in depths is formed. System is automatically initialized on basis of probability model of upper portion of body of object. Upper portion of body of object is modeled as three planes, representing body and arms of object and three gauss components, representing head and wrists of object. Tracking of movements of upper part of body is performed with utilization of probability model of upper part of body and extraction of three-dimensional signs of performed gestures.

EFFECT: simplified operation of system, high precision of gesture interpretation.

3 cl, 12 dwg

FIELD: movement detection systems, technical cybernetics, in particular, system and method for detecting static background in video series of images with moving objects of image foreground.

SUBSTANCE: method contains localization of moving objects in each frame and learning of background model with utilization of image remainder.

EFFECT: increased speed and reliability of background extraction from frames, with possible processing of random background changes and camera movements.

4 cl, 14 dwg

FIELD: television.

SUBSTANCE: support frame is assigned with sign, showing information about direction of support frame, and during determining of predicted vector of movement of encoded block averaging operation is performed with use of vectors of movement of neighboring blocks, during which, if one of aforementioned blocks has movement vectors, information about direction of support frames is received, to which these movement vectors are related, and one of movement vectors is selected with reference to received information about direction, than averaging operation is performed with use of selected movement vector to receive subject movement vector of encoded block.

EFFECT: higher precision, higher reliability.

3 cl, 1 dwg, 3 ex

The invention relates to a method and apparatus for identification and localization of areas with relative movement in the scene and to determine the speed and oriented direction of this relative movement in real time

The invention relates to the field of image processing and can be used in automated systems management traffic, for monitoring and documenting the landing maneuvers at airports, in robotics and in a more General approach can serve as a subsystem for systems with a higher level of interpretation, which are detected, segmented and can be observed moving objects, and automatically defined parameters

The invention relates to a video system technology and can be used when designing a digital coding device for video telephony, video conferencing, digital television broadcasting standard and high definition

The invention relates to a video system technology and can be used when designing a digital coding device for video telephony, video conferencing, digital television broadcasting standard and high definition

FIELD: technology for encoding and decoding of given three-dimensional objects, consisting of point texture data, voxel data or octet tree data.

SUBSTANCE: method for encoding data pertaining to three-dimensional objects includes following procedures as follows: forming of three-dimensional objects data, having tree-like structure, with marks assigned to nodes pointing out their types; encoding of data nodes of three-dimensional objects; and forming of three-dimensional objects data for objects, nodes of which are encoded into bit stream.

EFFECT: higher compression level for information about image with depth.

12 cl, 29 dwg

FIELD: computer network communication means.

SUBSTANCE: method includes conversion of speech to electric digital signal, transfer of said signal to sound-playing device, conversion of person face to electric digital signal, recognition of face, its characteristic areas and their movement parameters, transfer of information along communication channels to graphic information output device, control of shape changes and space direction of artificial three-dimensional object and its characteristic areas. Method additionally includes detecting errors in face recognition and accompanying parameters by detecting mismatches between configurations of face areas and characteristics of movement thereof for speaking person in electric digital signals, and correction of mistakes before visualization of artificial three-dimensional object by forming control commands on basis of previously recorded shape signs and orientation of three-dimensional object and its characteristic areas for speech characteristics.

EFFECT: higher reliability and precision.

3 cl, 1 dwg

The invention relates to the field of processing and displaying information, the means of data transformation in computer graphics, namely the perceptual system perspectives

The invention relates to computer animation images

The invention relates to the representation of three-dimensional objects obtained using photos of real objects

The invention relates to devices and methods for creating images

The invention relates to a stereoscopic video and can be used to obtain three-dimensional images from any source composite or component video (VCR, camcorder, DVD, video games) when using the standard video displays as a television type (any system: PAL, SECAM, NTSC) and computer monitors (any standard: VGA, SVGA, XGA and others)

The invention relates to image processing

The invention relates to the field of hairdressing services and can be used for hair care, during a haircut, shave, manicure and similar cosmetic treatment

FIELD: computer network communication means.

SUBSTANCE: method includes conversion of speech to electric digital signal, transfer of said signal to sound-playing device, conversion of person face to electric digital signal, recognition of face, its characteristic areas and their movement parameters, transfer of information along communication channels to graphic information output device, control of shape changes and space direction of artificial three-dimensional object and its characteristic areas. Method additionally includes detecting errors in face recognition and accompanying parameters by detecting mismatches between configurations of face areas and characteristics of movement thereof for speaking person in electric digital signals, and correction of mistakes before visualization of artificial three-dimensional object by forming control commands on basis of previously recorded shape signs and orientation of three-dimensional object and its characteristic areas for speech characteristics.

EFFECT: higher reliability and precision.

3 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: technology for encoding and decoding of given three-dimensional objects, consisting of point texture data, voxel data or octet tree data.

SUBSTANCE: method for encoding data pertaining to three-dimensional objects includes following procedures as follows: forming of three-dimensional objects data, having tree-like structure, with marks assigned to nodes pointing out their types; encoding of data nodes of three-dimensional objects; and forming of three-dimensional objects data for objects, nodes of which are encoded into bit stream.

EFFECT: higher compression level for information about image with depth.

12 cl, 29 dwg

FIELD: technology for processing images of moving objects, possible use, in particular, in theatric art, show business when registration/recording is necessary or repeated reproduction of scenic performance.

SUBSTANCE: method includes inserting enumeration system for each object and performing projection of enumerated objects onto plane, while projection is displayed in form of graph with trajectories of movement of enumerated objects in each staging.

EFFECT: spatial-temporal serial graphic display of scenic action for its further identification and repeated reproduction.

2 dwg

Up!