Apparatus for dispensing of feed to poultry, in particular, to poultry to be fattened, preferably to broilers

FIELD: agricultural engineering.

SUBSTANCE: apparatus has feed supplying tube, which is held above poultry house floor so as to be raised and lowered. Feed supplying tube is equipped with number of apertures, to each of which corresponds bowl-shaped device hung to said tube. Bowl-shaped device has dispensing tube branched from discharge aperture and feed bowl located under dispensing tube and provided with bowl bell defined by diverging radial grid rods. Dispensing tube consists of inner cylinder branched from discharge aperture and outer cylinder embracing inner cylinder. Bowl is hanging from grid rods of outer cylinder bowl bell so that said bowl is lowered when feed supplying tube is lowered. Outer cylinder is located on inner cylinder for rotation, raising and lowering. Lowering and raising of outer cylinder are restricted by means of at least one stroke restricting device. Apparatus has at least one rotation restricting device adapted for restricting rotation of outer cylinder relative to inner cylinder. Such construction allows feed level in feeders to be adjusted in accordance with chicken height.

EFFECT: increased efficiency in uniform dispensing of feed and simplified washing of feeding bowls with water.

19 cl, 10 dwg

 

Description

The invention concerns a device for feeding freely contained in the hen house poultry, especially fattened poultry, preferably, broilers, at least, with one located above the floor of the house, rising and falling with a pipe for feeding, which has a number of drainage holes, each of which corresponds suspended on a feed tube Cup-shaped fixture that has a release pipe extending from the outlet holes, and under drain pipe feeding bowl with dome bowl, made of radial bars, and release pipe consists of an inner cylinder, the exhaust from outlet openings, and also covering the inner cylinder outer cylinder, to which through the bars of his dome suspended feeding bowl so that it is omitted omitted when the pipe for feeding, in particular lowered to the floor of the house, and the outer cylinder is mounted on the inner cylinder can be rotated, as well as raising and lowering, and is provided, at least one travel stop limiting movement when lowering and raising.

The device of the type indicated above is described in EP 0105571 B1.

In the known device uses the landing of the feeding bowl is lowered, corpora the handout pipe, to open more holes in the selling pipe. As a result, each position of the holes relative to the feeding bowl can be assigned corresponding to different bulk cones or levels of filling of the feed entering the trough on holiday tube. To provide, for example, chickens improved feeding, need a higher level backfill and thus a higher level of feed in the trough, which is achieved in the known device by open additional holes in selling the pipe. The level of feed in the trough can be set accordingly to the growth of chickens, but also it can be installed again lower, because in the end growing and with it becoming more animals can reach located deeper areas in the feeding bowl for receiving feed than chickens.

Mounted in the housing of the device should be simple in maintenance. So strive for a uniform and uninterrupted delivery of feed at each feeding bowl according to a predetermined dosage. In the known device, however, may encounter problems due to the fact that the release of food from the supply pipe into the feed bowl is uneven, for example, Ott is th, that the corresponding outlet openings in the side surface of the supply pipe may be clogged. This is, in particular, the feed particles which have a tendency to microgateway due to friction, for example, a feed with poor flowability.

In addition, the outer tube can be rotated relative to the inner tube, resulting in cross-section an additional outlet in selling the pipe decreases as the hole in the outer cylinder by turning the already not the same as, or only partially coincides with the corresponding hole in the inner cylinder.

Feeding bowls should be cleaned at regular intervals. This is done by washing with water, mainly after the feeding period, before the house will occupy the new Chicks. During washing is preferred that the feeding bowl can rotate around the longitudinal axis of the supply pipe, the exhaust from the pipe for feeding, as almost all of the internal area of the feeding bowl pass by strong water jets aimed at the feeding bowl from the outside. For cleaning preferred is also the possibility of rotation of the feeding bowl on the inner cylinder supply pipe, but still she (rotation) for the above reasons insufficient to maintain open the mi additional holes in selling the pipe. Another disadvantage is the possibility of free rotation of the feeding bowl is arranged in that a preset distance between the feed bowl and the free end of the supply pipe, depends on the respective desired level of feed in the feeding bowl, due to the rotational motion during cleaning may accidentally be changed.

The basis of the invention lies in the task of eliminating the disadvantages described above of a device for feeding poultry.

This task is carried out by means of signs, paragraph 1, of the claims. Preferred refinements and embodiments of follow from the characteristics of the dependent claims 2-19 claims.

In accordance with the invention device as an external cylinder and the internal cylinder is respectively adjacent to each other, coaxially with each other of the cylinder and rotated to each other region of the end edges of the cylinder are connected to each other by bridges that overlap the region of the gap, which corresponds to the gap between the parts of the cylinder.

It is established that during the period of feeding with the initial level of feed for chickens and a further level of feed for broilers is possible to achieve a satisfactory result of feeding with only two provisions of the level of the Orme in the food bowl so there is a simple design with split inner cylinder and outer cylinder, respectively, into two parts, which is working satisfactorily and technically safe.

The area of the gap between the two parts of the inner cylinder or the outer cylinder is made here as well as an extra opening in the form of so-called "360°-window", for production of food in the food bowl, which is near the lower open end of the supply pipe, formed of inner and outer cylinder. Each area of the gap between the parts of the cylinder forms an open passing through the circle hole, which is broken only by bridges. They can, however, without loss of strength or stability, which is located in the direction of the expiration of the feed plane to be so thin that their own thickness and with this cross-section does not appreciably reduce the size of the educated 360°-open. Therefore, under adverse conditions, can hardly be microchaetidae particles of feed due to their friction and clogging available in the district 360°Windows additional holes in the side surface of the supply pipe or respectively its cylinders.

When the actuation of the feeding mechanism, built-in pipe for feeding, for example traction chain is or spiral, in made according to the invention the device is provided with reliable content to feed each feeding bowl until a predefined level of food. Failure to complete a separate feeding bowls, especially in the critical initial stages of the feeding period even small Chicks, due to clogging in the field of extra holes in selling the pipe no longer occurs.

Usually vertical and thus parallel to the floor of the house pipe for feed may, for example, via a Central managed rope, vertical movement. In the known device, this control is possible so that the feeding bowl can be fed to a position in which it is installed or on the floor of the house, or raised above it. As in the known device, and in accordance with the invention device is used, the lowering of the feeding bowl on the floor of the house in order to move the outer cylinder vertically with respect to the inner cylinder and consequently move to open in the selling pipe extra hole for the feed, namely passing along a circle 360°-window. Together with this, in the device according to the invention having improved principle, comparable to the prior art, is achieved in that the end part of the cylinder closes the gap region between the at parts of the outer cylinder, when the outer cylinder by moving the vertical pipe for feeding moves in lowered relative to the inner cylinder position, in which the restrictors inner and outer cylinder are in mutual contact. Obviously, the advantage of doing 360°-box is the fact that in a lowered position in which the window is opened, the possible rotation of the feeding bowl relative to the inner cylinder supply pipe does not have a negative impact on output feed through 360°window.

To prevent the decay of the outer tube with feeding bowl with the inner cylinder, when the pipe for feeding rises, there is at least one restrictor. In accordance with the invention device in the formation of the stroke limiter of the outer cylinder participates ledge of its inner surface, and at least one radially protruding from the inner cylinder supporting arm ledge. If the inner cylinder is moved vertically, while the pipe for feeding moves a greater distance to the floor of the house, the inner cylinder slides first in the outer cylinder up until protruding from the inner cylinder abutment shoulder will not enter into interaction with the formed in the external cylinder ledge stage is Oh, so upon further raising of the inner cylinder outer cylinder and connected with him feeding bowl can work together to move. Thus, in this position of the internal and external cylinder, participating in education restrictors are in mutual contact, and the end part of the inner cylinder overlaps the region of the gap between the parts of the outer cylinder. Additional hole "360°-window" in the selling pipe to feed closed.

Each support arm ledge can be a protrusion, arbitrarily located on the inner cylinder. Mainly, each support arm ledge is part similar to the marginal flange of the radial protrusion of the inner cylinder.

Free surface hole 360°-window" is not significant, therefore, the jumpers that connect the parts of the cylinder, only slightly reduced and that still part of the cylinder firmly and tightly connected to each other, for jumper selects the special design and shape of the cross section. Each jumper is a flat plate, a plane surface which passes radially to the axis, respectively, of the inner or outer cylinder. The number of flat strips may vary. Four flat strips for the inner cylinder and seven bars for nesnera cylinder itself. A special advantage is that the lintel of the outer cylinder, in the form of flat ribs are in the form of blades or wings, radially protruding inside the stern on the periphery of the outer cylinder. The wings on the outer cylinder adjust and maintain uniform distribution of feed plates to feed, even if the total aft oscillated or rocked around the feed pipe, and to prevent further excessive scratching and digging feed the animals and also resulting loss of food.

From drain pipes feed should uniformly be supplied and distributed. Thus it is necessary to prevent as Parisiana feed from the feed bowl due to a too high feed and low feed complicating feeding the animals. For proper issuance portions of food in the bowl, as already mentioned, it is important to design and, in particular, compliance with a predetermined material cone in the food bowl, and the bulk cone, on the other hand, can influence the distance between the selling pipe holes for feeding and feeding bowl. Thus, the distance of the feeding bowl from the lower free end of the supply pipe or from 360°-window" has a significant impact on the level of feed in the Ashe, and, on the other hand, the level of feed depends on whether the optimal food intake of animals. The ability to change or adjust the distance between the feed bowl and the lower free end or between feeding bowl and 360°-window" selling pipe is preferred and is structurally the invention the device due to the fact that the outer surface of the upper part of the outer cylinder is formed in the form of a lead screw, and the free ends of the bars of the dome of the bowl is attached to the threaded ring which is screwed on formed in the form of a lead screw area of the outer cylinder.

Step screw is chosen primarily so that already at relatively low rotation or angular movement of the feeding bowl was obviously a distinct change of the distance between the feeding bowl and a pipe for feeding, from which branches off sale pipe with holes.

As described above, feeding bowls start to rotate around the vertical axis when cleaning under running water. This rotation is even desirable. However, the lack of rotational motion is that due to the rotation of the set level of the feed may be randomly changed. Thus, after cleaning all food bowl line feeding the house should b the th re-adjusted, which is associated with significant complexity.

Random unwanted changing the position or the rotation of the feed bowls of the invention the device is prevented by the fact that it has at least one rotation limiter that prevents or at least restricts the rotation of the outer cylinder relative to the inner cylinder.

However, the execution and layout is done in such a way that each stop of rotation has at least one rib located in the specified area of the outer surface of the inner cylinder, and at least one grip located on the inner surface of the outer cylinder, or ledge, in which the rib abuts when the move is executed when the rotation of the outer cylinder surrounding the inner cylinder. Feed bowl and with it the outer cylinder, to which is suspended from the feed bowl, rotate relative to the inner cylinder, a ledge at the latest after the passage of a given movement, engages with the rib and block further rotation.

A special advantage is that predefined area of the outer surface of the inner cylinder, which is equipped with a rib for limiting the rotation is its upper part, which has a reduced diameter relative to ostalnoyye inner cylinder. Thus, the feed bowl or external cylinder only in the position in which it is suspended above the restrictor between the outer and inner cylinder can rotate freely around the inner cylinder. In the upper position, and thus, in the lowered position of the pipe for feeding and thus also the inner cylinder, on which the feeding bowl is lowered to the floor, and together with its external cylinder is moved vertically relative to the inner cylinder, the projection is in the working area in front in the upper part of the inner cylinder ribs that acts when moving tabs on the outer cylinder. Thus, the outer cylinder and with this feeding bowl are rotatably only in the upper position up until the rotational movement will not stop limiter rotation.

Corresponding to the invention the device is also due to the fact that arbitrary, uncontrolled and therefore undesirable rotation of the threaded ring relative to the outer cylinder, resulting in a change in the level of feed in the feeding bowl is prevented due to the fact that the outer cylinder in the region, is formed in the form of a lead screw has at least one spring-elastic, predominantly spring-elastic in the radial napravleniyami emphasis, who has the ability to stop, geometrically enclosed with cavities, which are on the surface of the inner perimeter of the threaded collar.

In accordance with the invention device special inventive value is that the rotation limiter in connection with the realm of inner cylinder having a smaller diameter, serves to above the installation level of the feed if necessary to block by means of the fixing lock against accidental actuation in a suspended position, or if necessary to free up the bowl. This is achieved by fixing the focus and deepen equipped with incident edges, arranged obliquely to the direction of rotational motion around the vertical axis.

Since locating lugs and recesses are provided incident edges, arranged obliquely to the direction of rotational movement, a spring-elastic locating lugs at the corresponding energy expenditure during rotation rejected and in a manner similar to the Cam drive, removed from the recesses. After the withdrawal of the locating lugs from the grooves of the threaded ring can be rotated on the threads of the cylinder, and the feed position, a predetermined level of feed is changed, as described above. Once the FIC is yousie stops made adjacent grooves, they re-recorded in this pit, or threaded ring, when repeated deviations may further be rotated.

However, it is possible to special advantage only in the upper position of the outer cylinder relative to the inner cylinder, as due to the offset of the outer surface of the inner cylinder with a reduced diameter behind the locking lugs is sufficient, inside of which they can be moved in rotation and the output of the recesses. At the bottom, suspended position the outer surface of the inner cylinder is supported from behind against the locating lugs due to its increased at this section of outer diameter, so that the unlocking of the established provisions of level of feed or withdrawal of the locking lugs from the grooves impossible even at large make the effort.

As when cleaning the common line feeding pipe for feeding rises, and therefore only has a dangling position of the outer cylinder, in this suspended position of the outer cylinder is automatically blocking predetermined positions of the level of the feed, and random installation positions of the level of the feed, thus, impossible. Of course, feeding bowl can rotate freely on the inner cylinder for assests is of cleaning the outer cylinder in a suspended position.

In the raised position of the feeding bowl and associated external cylinder possible installation positions of the level of forage by rotating the threaded collar on the part of the lead screw of the outer cylinder, as only in this position the locking lugs can be removed from the grooves of the threaded ring out with rotation control, acting like grip.

Thus, to set the position of the feed block from the feeding bowl of the dome and the outer cylinder, first and foremost, you need to raise. Then this block can be rotated around a vertical axis in the direction of rotation desired changes in the level of feed until the capture in the form of protrusions present on the outer cylinder, will not reach the edges on the inner cylinder and the outer cylinder is locked against further rotation. In the continuation of the rotational motion with increasing force the locking lugs exempt level position food so that after a predetermined rotation to the next position of the level of feed stops could again be recorded.

To improve cleaning results and ease of cleaning according to the improvement of the corresponding device of the invention is that the feeding bowl has a bowl for food, which in the area of its edges has fastening elements for connection of the texts with the dome of the Cup. The fastening elements may have a folding hinge and at least one retainer or locking element. Instead of connecting to the dome bowl dish to feed in the region of their edges may also be made of two sections, the edges of which one is attached to the bars of the dome of the Cup, and which are connected to each other, at least one folding hinge and at least one retainer or locking element, such as staples. A special advantage is the removable folding hinge, so that the plate feed if necessary, could be replaced.

A plate of food is tapered in the middle, so that food falling into a plate formed from the output pipe unit of the internal and external cylinder can slide out.

To improve animal feeding annular surface plates to feed that runs around the centre of the plate under the selling pipe divided by the feed section. Each feed section comprising at least one pocket, cell or the like, separated by grooves or ribs.

A special advantage is the amount of feed sections, a multiple of the number of jumpers outer cylinder, made in the form of blades or wings.

If, for example, on the inner surface the tee threaded ring evenly there are seven grooves, the consequence of this is set seven provisions of the level of feed that can be set by turning the threaded ring relative to the outer cylinder. The outer cylinder itself is threaded region, at least one, mostly two locking stops, which are located on the surface of the outer cylinder so that they can simultaneously be entered in the appropriate agreed deepening threaded ring. When the seven possible positions of level of feed it is also advisable to have seven jumpers on the surface of the outer cylinder and execute them in the form of blades or wings, so they are regulated and maintained a uniform distribution of the feed into bowls for food. In the case of plates of food, divided into 14 sections, each section are respectively two fields or pocket plates for food between the two ridges of the outer cylinder, made in the form of wings or blades, so that, on the one hand, animals can easily eat, and on the other hand, animals are difficult to dispose the side of the feed from the trough. Due to the selected seven of the provisions of the level of feed in the threaded connection between the outer cylinder and the screw ring and through the hinge connection between the plate of food and dome bowl can lead seven blades or wings in-one correspondence with the-ol or pockets plates to feed.

A variant of the invention, which is followed by further features of the invention represented in the drawings, showing:

Figure 1 - view of Cup fixtures hanging from a pipe for feeding device for feeding broiler,

Figure 2 - view of the outer cylinder,

Figure 3 is a side view of the outer cylinder of figure 2, half of which are presented in the context of,

4 is a view of the inner cylinder with the upper adapter for mounting on a pipe for feeding without closing the top,

5 is a side view of the inner cylinder, half of which are presented in the context of,

6 is a side view of the device corresponding to figure 1, half of which are presented in the section, while lifting the pipe to feed, so feed bowl is freely suspended above the floor of the house,

7 is a block selling pipes, formed from the inner cylinder and installed it on the external cylinder in cross section along the line VII-VII of figure 6,

Fig - side view of the device with the lowered pipe to feed, so feed bowl is on the floor of the house,

Fig.9 is a cross - section of drain pipe device formed of inner and outer cylinder, according pig in cross section along the line IX-IX in Fig, and

Figure 10 - view of the feeding bowl, which has a dome bowl omitted for clarification device plates for food.

Device is istwo for feeding freely contained in the hen house poultry, especially broilers, consists of at least one located above the floor of the house with the possibility of lifting and lowering of the pipe 1 for feeding, which runs along the entire length of the house, and using the inside of the transport spiral or rope or chain with transport drives transports bulk feed to a separate Cup fixtures 2 (feeders)hanging from a pipe on the pipe 1 for feeding. The above described parts together can be named as line feeding.

1 shows only part of the pipe 1 to feed from the feeder 2, suspended her in the area of outlet openings in the tube 1 for feeding. Feeder 2 includes a release pipe 3, the exhaust from not shown here, the outlet holes, and under the selling pipe 3 feed bowl 4 dome 6 bowls formed from diverging in the form of rays rods 5 lattice. This release pipe 3 is composed of the inner cylinder 7, the exhaust from not shown here, the outlet hole, and covering the inner cylinder 7 of the outer cylinder 8, through which the rods 5 of the grid is suspended bowl 4 so that it is lowered, the pipe 1 for feeding omitted, in particular, not shown here, the floor 34 of the house. The outer cylinder 8 is mounted on the inner cylinder 7 with the possibility of rotation, and the e with the capability of raising and lowering, moreover, provided at least one travel stop lifting and lowering, which will be described below in more detail.

Figure 2 presents a view of the outer cylinder 8.

Figure 3 shows a side view of the outer cylinder 8 of figure 2, half of which are presented in the section.

Below is a more detailed consideration of figure 2 and 3.

The outer cylinder 8 comprises adjacent to each other, coaxially with each other parts 8' and 8" cylinder. Parts 8' and 8" cylinder connected to each other by crosspieces 9, each of which runs as a blade or wing 10, acting on the periphery of the outer cylinder 8 in the feeding bowl 4. Jumper 9 overlap region 11 a gap, which corresponds to the gap between the parts 8' and 8" of the outer cylinder 8. The inner cylindrical surface 12 of the outer cylinder 8, or in this case, the upper part 8', has a shelf 13, which is part of the limiter 14 turn. The outer surface of the upper portion 8' of the outer cylinder is made in the upper end in the form of a lead screw 15, which has the coils 16 of the thread.

The outer cylinder is composed of a suitable synthetic material so that the coils 16 of the thread, and with this lead screw 15 can be easily formed in the manufacture of the outer cylinder 8.

As shown in figure 1, the free ends of the rods 5 lattice dome 6 bowls join Esipova ring 17, which is screwed on is made in the form of a lead screw 15 a plot of part 8' of the outer cylinder 8.

During the rotation of the aft 4, with respect to the outer cylinder 8, the drive spindle 15 carries out the adjustment of the feeding bowl 4 the lower end of the portion 8" with wings 10 of the outer cylinder 8.

2 and 3 allow us to understand that the rotation limiter that restricts the rotation of the outer cylinder 8 relative to the inner cylinder 7 has a grip 19, in this case, the inner surface 18 of the outer cylinder 8, which during the rotation of the outer cylinder 8 around the inner cylinder 7 hangs on the edge located on the outer surface 20 of the inner cylinder 7.

Figure 4 shows a view of the inner cylinder 7, which consists of parts 7' and 7", and the open area of the gap between the parts 7' and 7" cylinder again covered bridges 23, in the form of flat strips. Figure 4 is visible portion of the stopper 14 of the progress that is made on the inner cylinder 7 in the form of at least one protruding in the radial direction from the inner cylinder 7 of the support shoulder 24 to the ledge 13 in the outer cylinder 8.

Figure 4 explains that each support shoulder 24 to the ledge 13 is part of the same marginal flange radial protrusion 25 of the inner cylinder 7. In addition, figure 4 allows us to understand that the outer surface 0 of the inner cylinder 7 in the upper region, and thus, in the region of its periphery, provided with a ledge at the expense of reduced diameter of the cylinder relative to the rest of the site part 7' of the inner cylinder 7. The step formed by this ledge, marked position 26.

Figure 2 allows us to better understand what to prevent rotation of module consisting of a threaded ring 17 (Fig 1) with a dome 6 bowls and feed bowl 4, each outer cylinder 8, it is made in the form of a lead screw 15 area, there are two spring-elastic clamping the stop 27. Every stop retainer 27 is connected to the outer cylinder 8 through a spring-elastic plate 28. The design is carried out so that the plate 28 are carried out through slits in the side wall of the outer cylinder, which when the radial pressing can bounce from outside to inside and elastically return to its original position when the pressure is weakened. In the initial position without the application of pressure plates 28 are again in line with the walls of the outer cylinder 8.

Figure 5 shows a side view of the inner cylinder, and the right half of the inner cylinder shown in longitudinal section.

The same structural elements denoted by the same reference position.

4, in particular, allows us to understand that the inner cylinder 7 with its upper free end of a participant is the duty to regulate in the formation of the adapter tube, while half of the 29 suspension adapter tube is made on the inner cylinder. This half of the suspension may, by attaching the upper part 30, as seen in figure 1, to connect to the adapter tube, which covers the pipe 1 for feeding in the field not shown outlet openings, so that the bypass hole is in line with the inlet opening 31 in the upper part 29 of the suspension of the inner cylinder 7. Food coming out of the pipes for the feed passes through the bypass hole and the inlet 31 into the inner cylinder and may fall into the bowl through the feed region 22 of the gap or the bottom drain hole 32. The bottom drain hole 32 is limited to the lower edges 33 of the part 7" of the cylinder.

Figure 6 shows a side view of the feeder 2, is suspended from the pipe 1 for feeding, and the right side is shown in the cut. The same parts are marked the same reference position.

6 allows us to understand that the inner cylinder 7 is formed so that its end part 7" cylinder closes the region 11 of the gap between the parts 8' and 8" of the outer cylinder 8, when the outer cylinder 8 by means of the lifting tube 1 for feeding is moved to lowered relative to the inner cylinder 7 to the position in which the parts forming the limiter 14 turn, are in mutual contact. In the embodiment, the wasp is estline figure 6 clearly, the outer cylinder 8 formed by the ledge 13 in part 8' of the cylinder stepped surface adjacent to the abutment shoulder 24 of the radial protrusion 25 of the inner cylinder 7. Food coming out of the pipe for feeding the inner cylinder 7, shown here by the dotted line and poured into the feeding bowl 4, and he poured out the bottom drain holes 32 of the inner cylinder 7, part 8" of the outer cylinder 8, and thence directly into the feed bowl 4. Food covers a cone made the bottom is also made of synthetic material feed bowl 4 shallow backfill, as it is shown here. Walking on the floor of the house, the bird can get inside your feed bowl 4 food.

The height of the material cone of food above the bottom of the feed bowl 4 is adjustable. To adjust the level of the feed or to regulate the so-called level of the feed screw ring 17 is attached to the rods 5 lattice dome 6 bowls, rotates around a vertical axis. In accordance with the speed of rotation and the rise of the coil 16 thread position of the bowl is displaced relative to the lower output region 35 of the lower free end of the portion 8" of the outer cylinder.

7 is a section view along the line VII-VII of figure 6. The same parts are marked the same reference position. 7 explains that the inner cylinder 7, caste' which is clearly visible here, covered by the external cylinder 8 or shown here part 8'. The outer cylinder is depicted here in a position, therefore, has the capability of free rotation around the inner cylinder 7. 7 see the grip 19, located on the inner surface of the outer cylinder 8.

The threaded ring 17 has on its inner circumferential surface 36 of the recess 37. With the help of the recesses 37 locating lugs 27, which are located on the spring-elastic plates 28 have a chance of fixing, so that the threaded ring 17 cannot be rotated relative to the outer cylinder 8 when introduced into the recesses 37 of the clamping blocks 27. Can be maintained adjusted once the level of the feed. When a torque force to the feeding bowl or through the dome to the threaded ring unit consisting of an outer cylinder 8, the threaded ring 17, dome 6 bowls and feed bowl 4 has the ability to rotate only in relation to the inner cylinder 7. The inner cylinder 7 cannot rotate together with the unit because of its fastening on pipe 1 for feeding.

On Fig shows a side view corresponding to 6, and the right half again cutaway. Pipe for feeding in the position shown in Fig lowered, so that it passes a short distance above the floor 34 of the house. Feed bowl 4 show the nom on Fig position omitted on the floor 34 of the house due to the fact, the unit, formed of an outer cylinder with a dome 6 bowls and food bowls 4, moved vertically relative to the inner tube 7. In this position, the ledge 13, forming the stopper 14 of the turn and the supporting shoulder 24 of the inner cylinder 7 are not in mutual contact. The outer cylinder 8 with parts 8' and 8" are also offset relative to the inner cylinder vertically so that the area 11 of the gap between the parts 8' and 8" of the outer cylinder 8 coincides with the region 22 of the gap between the parts 7' and 7" of the inner cylinder 7. Through coincident with each other open areas 11 and 22, forming a "360°box, food can, in addition to the lower drain hole 32 to get into the feeding bowl 4, as indicated by the dotted line. The level of feed in the feeding bowl 4 is pretty high, so young animals, such as chickens, can also through the edge of the rear part 4 access to food that are higher in the rear part 4.

On Fig also shows that the upper region of the part 8' of the outer cylinder 8, which is provided with coils 16 thread, on which a threaded ring 17 is screwed, even moved vertically so that is not shown here, the hooks 19 can operate in active connection with the ribs 21 or 21' of the inner cylinder 7.

Figure 9 again shows the cross-section in the plane IX-IX in Fig. The same parts are marked od which are all the same reference position.

Figure 9 shows that the ribs 21 and 21' on the outer surface 20 of the part 7' of the inner cylinder 7 can be hooked over the hooks 19, which protrude from the inner surface 18 of the part 8' of the outer cylinder 8. The grippers 19 of the stationary inner cylinder 7 prevent further rotation of the outer cylinder 8 further provisions ribs 21 or 21'. The outer cylinder 8 so respectively can be rotated only 180°and then further rotation is prevented by the rib 21 or 21'. In addition, if the outer cylinder is rotated further, for example, to adjust the level of the feed, using the thread on the outer cylinder and by means of the threaded ring 17, the locating lugs 27 due to their oblique edges 38 are removed from the recesses 37, which also have oblique edges 39, the threaded ring. While locating lugs 27 are deflected inward in the radial direction, i.e. against the direction of action of elastic restoring force of the plate 28. With appropriate further rotation to the next position level of the feed, which are marked with numbers on the threaded ring, the locking lugs 27 again can be entered in these recesses 37, as shown in Fig.7.

Figure 10 shows the trough, the dome of the Cup which is not shown in order to clarify the internal structure of the feeding bowl 4. The same parts are marked the same reference what oizumi.

Figure 10, in particular, explains that the feeding bowl 4 has a plate of food, which in the area of its edge 40 has elements 41 and 42 attachment for connection with a dome 6 bowls, not shown here. The elements 41 and 42 of fastening include folding hinge 43 and at least one retainer or locking element 44. The annular surface plates for food, which passes around the under drain pipe 3 of the center plates, divided into feeding sections, each feed section comprising at least one pocket, cell or similar forms, limited grooves or ribs. The amount of feed sections is a multiple of the number of straps 9 of the outer cylinder 8, is made in the form of blades or wings 10, of which are seen in parts 8' and 8" are in between the area 11 of the gap.

1. Device for feeding freely contained in the hen house poultry, at least one held above the floor of the house with the capability of raising and lowering the pipe for feeding, which has a number of drainage holes, each of which corresponds suspended from the feed pipe bowl fixture that has a release pipe extending from the outlet hole, and under the selling feed pipe bowl with dome bowl, made of radial ashadawi the camping bars, and selling pipe consists of an inner cylinder, the exhaust from the outlet hole, and covering the inner cylinder outer cylinder, through the bars of his dome suspended from the bowl so that when lowered the pipe for feeding it is omitted, and the outer cylinder is mounted on the inner cylinder can be rotated, as well as lifting and lowering, and is provided, at least one travel stop limiting the lowering and lifting, characterized in that it has at least one rotation limiter that restricts the rotation of the outer cylinder (8) relative to the inner cylinder (7).

2. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that each stop of rotation has at least one edge (21, 21')located in the specified area of the outer surface (20) of the inner cylinder (7)and at least one gripper (19)located on the inner surface (18) of the outer cylinder (8), in which the edge (21, 21') abuts when the move is executed when the rotation of the outer cylinder (8) around the inner cylinder (7).

3. The device according to claim 2, characterized in that the predefined region of the outer surface (20) of the inner cylinder (7) is the upper head part, which has a ledge at the expense of reduced diameter of the cylinder relative to Stalin the second part of the inner cylinder (7).

4. The device according to claim 3, characterized in that the outer surface (20) of the upper part of the outer cylinder (8) is formed in the form of a lead screw (15), and the free ends of the rods (5) lattice dome (6) bowls attached to the threaded ring (17), which is screwed on the area of the outer cylinder (8)formed in the form of a lead screw (15).

5. The device according to claim 4, characterized in that the outer cylinder (8) in its made in the form of a lead screw (15) region, has at least one spring-elastic retaining screws (27).

6. The device according to claim 5, characterized in that each locking stop (27) is designed as a spring-elastic in the radial direction of the fixing screws (27).

7. The device according to claim 5, characterized in that the threaded ring (17) of the dome (6) of the bowl on its inner circumferential surface has recesses (37)through which the locking lugs (27) are able to commit through the geometric circuit.

8. The device according to claim 7, characterized in that the locating lugs (27) and recesses (37) have incoming edges (38, 39)positioned obliquely to the direction of rotational motion.

9. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that the outer cylinder (8) and the inner cylinder (7) respectively comprise adjacent to each other and aligned with each other parts(8', 8", 7', 7") cylinder and rotated to each other region t is Ravich edges of the parts (8', 8", 7', 7") of the cylinders are connected to each other by crosspieces (9)that overlap the region (11, 22) of the gap, which corresponds to the gap between the parts(8', 8", 7', 7") the cylinders.

10. The device according to claim 9, characterized in that the inner cylinder (7) is made so that its end part (7") covers the region (11, 22) of the gap between the parts (8', 8") of the outer cylinder (8), when the outer cylinder (8) by moving the vertical pipe (1) for feeding shifted in lowered relative to the inner cylinder (7) the position in which the constraints (14) moves the inner cylinder (7) and outer cylinder (8) are in mutual contact.

11. The device according to claim 10, characterized in that the stopper (14) course consists of a ledge (13) of the internal cylindrical surface (12) of the outer cylinder (8) and at least one protruding in the radial direction from the inner cylinder (7) of the support arm (24) to ledge (13).

12. The device according to claim 11, characterized in that each support arm (24) of the protrusion (13) is part of a similar marginal flange radial projection (25) of the inner cylinder (7).

13. The device according to claim 9, characterized in that each jumper (9) is a flat plate, a plane surface which is directed in the radial direction to the axis, respectively, of the inner cylinder (7) or of the outer cylinder (8).

14 the Device according to item 13, characterized in that the bridge (9) of the outer cylinder (8), in the form of flat strips, have the form of blades or wings (10)radially protruding at the periphery of the outer cylinder (8) in the food bowl (4).

15. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that the feeding bowl (4) has a plate of food, which in the region of their edges (40) has elements (41, 42) of the mounting for connection to the dome (6) bowls.

16. The device according to item 15, characterized in that the elements (41, 42) of the mounting have a folding hinge (43) and at least one locking or blocking element (44).

17. The device according to item 15, wherein the annular surface of the dish to feed that runs around the centre of the plate under drain pipe (3)divided by the feed section.

18. The device according to 17, characterized in that each feed section comprising at least one pocket, cell or similar forms, limited recesses or ribs (21, 21').

19. The device according to 17, characterized in that the amount of feed sections is a multiple of the number of jumpers (9) of the outer cylinder (8), made in the form of blades or wings (10).



 

Same patents:

FIELD: agricultural engineering.

SUBSTANCE: apparatus has feed supplying tube, which is held above poultry house floor so as to be raised and lowered. Feed supplying tube is equipped with number of apertures, to each of which corresponds bowl-shaped device hung to said tube. Bowl-shaped device has dispensing tube branched from discharge aperture and feed bowl located under dispensing tube and provided with bowl bell defined by diverging radial grid rods. Dispensing tube consists of inner cylinder branched from discharge aperture and outer cylinder embracing inner cylinder. Bowl is hanging from grid rods of outer cylinder bowl bell so that said bowl is lowered when feed supplying tube is lowered. Outer cylinder is located on inner cylinder for rotation, raising and lowering. Lowering and raising of outer cylinder are restricted by means of at least one stroke restricting device. Apparatus has at least one rotation restricting device adapted for restricting rotation of outer cylinder relative to inner cylinder. Such construction allows feed level in feeders to be adjusted in accordance with chicken height.

EFFECT: increased efficiency in uniform dispensing of feed and simplified washing of feeding bowls with water.

19 cl, 10 dwg

FIELD: agricultural engineering.

SUBSTANCE: apparatus has feed supplying tube, which is held above poultry house floor so as to be raised and lowered. Feed supplying tube is equipped with number of discharge apertures, to each of which corresponds bowl-shaped device hung to said tube. Bowl-shaped device has dispensing tube branched from discharge aperture and feed bowl located under dispensing tube and provided with bowl bell, which is defined by diverging radial grid rods. Dispensing tube consists of inner cylinder branched from discharge aperture and outer cylinder embracing inner cylinder. Bowl is hung by means of grid rods of outer cylinder bowl bell so that said bowl is lowered when feed supplying tube is lowered. Outer cylinder is located on inner cylinder for rotation, raising and lowering. Lowering and raising of outer cylinder are restricted by means of at least one stroke restricting device. Outer and inner cylinders are defined by cylinder parts adhering to and axially aligned with respect to one another. End edges of cylinder parts facing one another are connected to each other through connecting webs overlapping gap region which corresponds to space between cylinder parts. Such construction allows feed level in feeders to be adjusted in accordance with chicken height.

EFFECT: increased efficiency in uniform dispensing of feed and simplified washing of feeding bowls with water.

19 cl, 10 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: feeder comprises feed duct, feeding pan and grid. The feeding pan bottom is protected by a rubber insertion 4-6 mm thick to prevent damage of the poultry beak. The grid is fitted by an above set split ring with beams to separate the grid into additional sections. The split ring is fitted with a catch on the one side, and a hinge on the other side to form a solid ring when connected.

EFFECT: restraining movement of poultry neck during feeding, reducing scattering of feeds and poultry death.

2 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to a feed distributor for feeding poultry. The feed distributor comprises a distributing tray, having the central part, which is raised relative to the lower surface and interacts with a descending pipe so that the supplied amount of fodder from the descending pipe is distributed along the lower surface of the distributing tray. The descending pipe has a discharge hole with edges. The central part of the distributing tray is connected to the lower surface, which changes into at least partially raising side wall directed outside and changing into an external edge. The side wall at different levels relative to the lower surface in a suitable area, the lower limit of which substantially complies with the minimum specified height of fodder in the distributing tray and complies with height of the specified edges of a fodder discharge hole in the descending pipe relative to the distributing tray, comprises steeply inclined sections of the wall in a stepped configuration. The steeply inclined sections continue in peripheral direction of the side wall so that the steeply inclined sections of the wall form an obstacle for fodder movement by poultry. In the cross section along the central axis of the distributing tray and via a steeply inclined section of the wall the tangential line to the steeply inclined section of the side wall forms an angle of 0 - 50 relative to the central axis via the central axis of the distributing tray. The side wall comprises at least three steeply inclined sections of the wall at various levels relative to the lower surface.

EFFECT: invention prevents screening of components out of the fodder mix by poultry.

18 cl, 8 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to agriculture, namely, to poultry keeping. The proposed compartment of the incubator, being a device for artificial hatching of chickens from eggs providing access of chickens to fodder in process of hatching in the incubator without reduction in hatchability or survivability comprises a hatching tray and at least one feeding trough installed inside the compartment. The hatching tray comprises a bottom and at least one wall of the hatching tray. The feeding trough comprises a bottom and at least one transparent wall of the feeding trough. The specified tray and trough are contained in the specified compartment of the incubator so that in the compartment itself incubation, hatching and feeding of chickens after hatching are provided. The invention also discloses the incubator comprising the specified compartment of the incubator.

EFFECT: group of inventions provides for increased live mass of chickens without reduction of their hatchability or survivability.

16 cl, 12 dwg, 2 tbl

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a feed distributor for feeding poultry. The feed distributor comprises a feed crib with the middle part raised with respect to the base. The base is made of a plastic material and of wear resistant material connected with this plastic material. And the wear resistant material forms an impermeable and substantially adjacent layer to protect the base at the place of location of the said layer from penetration with poultry beaks. The method of manufacturing the feed distributor lies in the fact that the impermeable and substantially adjacent layer is attached to the plastic material of the base by pressure casting.

EFFECT: in the feed distributor the stability of the feed crib to its pecking by the poultry is provided.

17 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: feeding device for feeding poultry comprises: a plate-shaped distributing tray with the outer peripheral edge; a feeding drop tubes opening over the central part of the tray so that the volume of feed transported to the drop tubes is distributed over the bottom surface of the tray; rods connecting tray to the drop tubes. There are openings between the rods so as the poultry has access to the feed which is distributed in the tray, at that these openings are limited by the sides of the device parts facing the said openings. At least a part of the said sides of the parts, facing the said openings have a cross section with non-pointed edges, which is made peripherally closed. The novelty of the invention is that the peripherally closed parts are at least partially made of foamed plastic.

EFFECT: reduction of injuries to poultry, increasing ease of cleaning and reduction of weight of the device.

15 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of agriculture. The feeding trough where the forage is supplied from the main pipe, contains a plate (101) with two wall with common axis - an internal wall (102) and an external wall (103) - which enclose the central chamber (104) and a circular chamber (105), and the vertical stand (106) for forage supply installed at the bottom of the central chamber (104) at the centre and passing up to the main pipe (107) for forage supply with which the forage supply stand (106) remains joined because it is formed by two coaxial tubes: a fixed internal tube (108) the top part of which goes out of the main pipe (107), and an external tube (109) which is implemented with a possibility of vertical movement along the internal tube (108) between the top and bottom boundary positions. The mobile external tube (109) in addition contains several radial ribs (117) which protrude below its bottom edge and form a support for an external tube (109) above the central chamber (104) bottom when the external tube (109) is in the lower boundary position.

EFFECT: forage losses and/or missing of from a feeding trough are avoided.

8 cl, 12 dwg

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