Growth stimulator for arboraceous and shrubby plants

FIELD: forestry and agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: claimed stimulator contains running waters from distillation of essence oils such as fir, spruce, pine, larch, ledum, and birch.

EFFECT: agent of increased effectiveness; enhanced assortment of plant growth stimulators.

2 cl, 2 tbl

 

The invention relates to forestry and agriculture, in particular to the growth regulators of trees and shrubs.

Known composition for stimulating plant growth based on peat, water-soluble active ingredients and water (1). The disadvantage of this stimulant is the introduction of chemical compounds, which imposes economic costs.

Know the use of magnetic (2) and degassed water (3) as a stimulator of plant growth. The disadvantage of these stimulants is low efficiency, poor reproducibility, difficulty receiving and storage.

Know the use of snow water as a stimulator of plant growth (4). The disadvantage of using snow water is seasonally limited its application.

The purpose of the invention to increase seed germination, stimulate their growth and expansion of the range of effective, cheap and available stimulants.

This goal is achieved by the fact that as a stimulator of the growth of seedlings of woody plants use Florentine running water (fir, spruce, pine, larch, pine, birch) is the second product formed during the distillation of essential oils.

When logging on the logging of only the Khabarovsk Krai remains each year more than 700 thousand tons of waste wood green, of which p is luchytsia biologically active products essential oils and Florentine water, which are currently widely used by the population. Produced by the distillation of oils running water was formerly waste product and was not used. Florentine water contain a large number of biologically active substances: 0.2% essential oils, vitamins, minerals, mineral substances.

Experimental tests of the running water was carried out in greenhouses Gehrisch experimental farm of the FGI "Dalniipkh" (Khabarovsk territory) and JSC "Mill" (Primorsky Krai) on the germination of Dahurian buckthorn, Japanese quince, lilac hairy, Korean pine, larch (Larix gmelinii, fir Belokolos, spruce.

Examples of experiments:

1. One month prior to sowing, the seeds are seeds of quince and lilac soaked in running water (deciduous) for 24 hours at a temperature of 20-22°placed for stratification in sifted and soaked in the same water sawdust. Stratification is carried out in the month at a temperature of 18-20°C. In early may lines sown on ridges. The seeding rate is the same for experimental and control of crops, is 4-5 g per 1 meter seed furrows. Shoots appear in 14-16 days after sowing. The crop of each species divided into four equal parts. One part remains in control and the other three are assigned the od watering running water with dosages of 2, 4 and 6 litres per 1 m 2sowing.

The first watering is carried out 21 days after sowing. Subsequent watering is carried out every 7 days. Only during the vegetation period spend 6 irrigations. The rate of irrigation water given stimulants for all plots was equal. In control plots watering is river or lake water, the experimental stimulant prescribed dosage.

During the summer crops are normal agronomic care; if necessary, conduct additional watering with plain water. At the end of the vegetation period from each plot randomly selected 50 seedlings and determine the height of their trunks.

All the experiments are placed in a 3-fold repetition. The results are processed statistically. Specific data are shown in table 1.

Table 1.
The results of statistical processing of experimental irrigation stimulator (Florentino water)
Doses of stimulant per irrigation, l/m2The height of the seedlings to the end of the vegetation period
Dahurian buckthornJapanese quinceLilac furry
h±m, cm% to to the control h±m, cm% of controlh±m, cm% of control
223,6±0,910917,9±0,610711,4±0,6110
425,7±0,612021,6±0,612912,8±0,5123
622,0±0,610218,5±0,611010,4±0,4100
Control21,6±0,8-16,0±0,5-10,0±0,5-
Note: h is the average height
m - error of the mean

From these data suggest that periodic watering running water increases the growth of deciduous trees and shrubs. At the optimum dose watering 4 liters of 1 m2crops the average height of seedlings superior control of 20-29%. The accuracy of the experiments in all cases does not exceed ±5%.

2. In the second variant of the experiments are stimulant - running water on the germination of seeds of conifers.

Produce pre-sowing treatment of seeds of conifers above running water. All drugs ispytanij 4 options: 25, 50, 75 and 100 cm31 kg of seeds. The exposure time is 60 minutes as a reference system used funcid bayleton. Growing crops coniferous carried out on specially prepared substrates of forest soil or peat deposited on the loam. Crops mulch sawdust. Dirt germination of Korean pine in the control experiment was about 280 pieces per 1 m2soil. After radical treatment Florentine waters germination was increased from 14 to 36% depending on the stimulator and amounted to more than 550 pieces of 1 m2at the dosage of 25 cm3. With increasing doses of stimulants to 50, 75 and 100 cm3germination increased from 30 to 46% (table 2).

Table 2.
The results of pre-sowing seed soaking in Florentine waters at the dosage of 100 cm31 m2
NameName of plants and germination of seeds per 1 m2, %
stimulator (water)Fir belocuraAyan sprucePine KoreanGmelin larch
Fir44304028
Spruce323 3824
Pine30284622
Larch28243032
Ledum24143218
Birch20183014

Pre-soaking of seeds of Larix gmelinii in Florentine waters gave an increase of soil germination in 14-32%.

Pre-sowing seed soaking spruce in solutions Florentine water gave the increase germination by 14-33%; fir Belokolos from 20 to 44%.

These data indicate the possibility of using Florentine (running) water: fir, spruce, pine, larch, pine and birch as promoters of growth of trees and shrubs.

Sources of information

1. USSR author's certificate No. 715076, class A 01 N 5/00.

2. Abstracts of the Influence of water treated with magnetic field on biological objects". M., 1966. S.

3. USSR author's certificate No. 572253, class A 01 N 5/00.

4. Agriculture and livestock Moldova. No. 111962. P.42.

1. The growth of trees and shrubs, characterized in that it contains Florentine (POG is installed) water, produced by the distillation of essential oils of coniferous and deciduous plants.

2. Stimulator according to claim 1, characterized in that it contains fir, spruce, pine, larch, pine and birch Florentine water.



 

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