Method of production of the directional oscillations, method of transformation of the directional mechanical oscillations into the unidirectional discontinuous translational movement, the method of the controlled movement of the transport vehicle in the preset direction and the devices for realization of these methods

FIELD: transport mechanical engineering; the methods and the devices of production of the directional mechanical oscillations, of transformation of the directional mechanical oscillations into the unidirectional discontinuous translational movement, of the controlled movement of the transport vehicle in the preset direction.

SUBSTANCE: the group of the inventions is pertaining to the field of transport mechanical engineering and may be used for production and transfer of the mechanical oscillations and for movement of the transport vehicle in the preset direction. The method of production of the directional mechanical oscillations provides for running around by the rotating inertial element of the elliptical running track with contraction of this element to it. The movement of the inertial element on the elliptical running track is exercised in respect to the axis superimposed with one of the focal points of the elliptical trajectory chosen as the main focal point. The used inertial element is balanced. The method of transformation of the directional mechanical oscillations into the unidirectional discontinuous translational movement provides for interaction among themselves of two masses of the system, one of which is the inertial mass rotating about its axis and simultaneously is moving in respect to the other mass along the elliptical trajectory with its resilient contraction to the running track of the ellipse providing the system with the directional mechanical oscillations. The used system is unbalanced with the center of masses coinciding in the static condition with the center of gravity of this system and with one of the ellipse focal points. The movement of the system is exercised by the successive step relocations in the moments of the impulse action of the inertial forces along the long axis of the ellipse of the maximal value disturbing force directed from the main focus point in the movement direction. The method of the controlled movement of the transport vehicle in the preset direction provides for utilization for production of the tractive effort of the propeller generating impulses of the inertial forces. The device for production the directional mechanical oscillations contains: the body with the running track of the elliptical form, the inertial element capable of running around the elliptical running track and rotation about its axis, the driving mechanism. The propeller of the transport vehicle contains: the device for production of the directional mechanical oscillations coupled by the driving mechanism with the propeller. The device and the propeller are rigidly arranged on the common frame, which is made with a capability to be arranged on the base of the transport vehicle. The transport power plant contains the engine and the propeller connected by the driving mechanism and arranged on the common frame made with the capability of interaction with the base of the transport vehicle. The technical result of the invention is the increased value of the disturbing force operating in the direction of the movement.

EFFECT: the invention ensures the increased value of the disturbing force operating in the direction of the movement.

29 cl, 35 dwg

 

The group of inventions relates to the transport engineering and can be used to move vehicles in all environments.

There is a method of excitation of mechanical oscillations, which consists in rotating a balanced or unbalanced mass and the change of rotation speed, the rotation frequency modulate the frequency of the playback range. When the modulation speed of the mass is the frequency of the reproduced variations you can choose a lower speed mass (similar as the USSR №982822, MKI 06 In 1/16, 1982).

This method is aimed at expanding the frequency range, but cannot be used to obtain unidirectional mechanical vibrations.

There is a method of excitation of vibrations in a vibrating system with one degree of freedom, namely, that on the working body effect of pulse power shifted from periodic forces are out of phase, with an amplitude not less than the amplitude of the periodic force, and the frequency of action of pulsed power is a multiple of the natural frequency of vibration of the system (similar as the USSR №1458022, MKI 06 In 1/16, 1989).

This method extends the operational functionality, but cannot be used to obtain unidirectional mechanical vibrations.

A method of obtaining directed mechanical vibrations, provide the third use of the rotational motion of the drive for portable movement balanced weight, made with the possibility of rolling on the inner surface of the closed curvilinear trajectory, placed in the same plane (prototype - Design of machines: a reference Handbook: 2 so Vol.1 / CYP Frolov, A.F. Krainov, GV Kreinin, etc. Under the General editorship CYP Frolov. - M.: Mashinostroenie, 1994, S. 343-344).

This method also cannot be used to obtain a directed mechanical vibrations of great power.

There is a method of converting oscillatory movement of the link object in a unidirectional movement of the object, providing for the transfer of rotation from the drive is placed eccentric to the axis of this rotation of the intermediate element in the form of a body of rotation, and transmission of this rotation in inertial loads, kinematically connected with the intermediate element (similar as the USSR №1526842, MKI 06 1/16 In). Thus, the inertial loads are also rotated about the axis of rotation of the drive that leads to changes in their speed of rotation and the coordinates of the center of mass, and the direction of the resulting force from the rotating mass remains constant.

This method is only intended for use in land vehicles, and allows you to get a slight resultant force.

There is a method of converting torque into force in one direction, vkljuchajuwih the rotation of the mass in the plane around a center, rotation of the center axis HU with periodic offset it in the set point, the linear displacement of the mass along the axis of the HU (similar to French patent No. 2159081, MKI F 03 G 3/00). As a result of these three simultaneous movements of the mass generates a force directed in the same direction.

This method requires for its implementation the displacement of the center of mass of a rigid connection along the axis, which complicates the moving member with the center of mass.

There is a method of generating thrust, providing for the rotation of the inertial mass, which is used for the inertial-centrifugal force as a support used for repulsion from her machine and move along the axis of rotation but in the opposite direction, and mass along with a circular rotation receive axial movement along the shaft and create cravings (prototype - RF patent №2146631, MKI B 62 D 57/00, F 03 H 5/00, F 03 H 5/00, 2000).

The disadvantages of this method are its complexity used for implementing the method of the devices require two drives, the use of complex kinematic scheme.

A known way of converting the energy of motion of the liquid inertial mass in a closed path in the energy of the continuous linear motion used for the translational motion of the device or static loading other objects, assigning this is Assu in the process of moving so that inertial mass is at any time present in any point of the trajectory, but its value in different parts of the trajectory varies, causing the resultant inertial force has a constant magnitude and direction (similar to the proposal of the Russian Federation No. 92007694).

A known method for making directional movement of self-propelled systems, providing for the transfer of rotation from the engine to the inertial impulse mechanism containing two parallel shafts with imbalances made with the possibility of rotation in opposite directions in the plane of rotation of the non-balances, perpendicular to the direction of motion of the system, while providing the ability to swing the frame carrying the inertial-switching mechanism in the plane of the direction of motion of the system (prototype - A.S. the USSR №151574, CL 63 29/06, 1962).

This method provides strong directional movement, but without separation of the support surface from a solid surface (ground).

Known pulse propulsion, comprising a housing located therein a drive shaft mounted thereon a driving disk, pivotally mounted on the last rod attached to them inertial loads and the mechanism of orientation of goods made in the form of a slave disk that is installed on the housing with a possibility of rotation eccentric to the axis of rotation of the drive shaft, and into and executed in the form of an articulated set respectively leashes on the master disk and levers on the slave drive, each of the levers with one end pivotally connected with the leash, and the other end connected with the inertial load (similar as the USSR №1526842, MKI 06 B 1/16, 1989).

In this device due to the presence of multiple inertial loads when the rotation is difficult to maintain the commanded direction of the resulting force.

A device for excitation of mechanical vibrations, comprising a housing with a treadmill on the inner surface with a variable radius of curvature, drive shaft, drive gear mounted on the drive shaft, and an inertial element, interacting with the inner surface of the treadmill and movably connected with a drive mechanism (similar to the Design of machines: a reference Handbook: 2 so Vol.1 / CYP Frolov, A.F. Krainov, GV Kreinin, etc. Under the General editorship CYP Frolov. - M.: Mashinostroenie, 1994, S. 343-344).

This device cannot obtain the disturbing force of large magnitude due to the small values of the eccentricity.

Known vibration exciter, comprising a housing with a treadmill on the inner surface with a variable radius of curvature and protrusions on the outer surface, were taken with a fork, two inertial runner, one of which is placed on the inner surface and the other on the outer surface of the treadmill, and the axis of the runners placed inside the VI is CI and interconnected by a spring (prototype - as the USSR №1351697, 06 B 1/16).

In this vibration exciter for automatic pressing internal inertial slider to treadmill use and external slider, which is more sharply varying axle loads, which can lead to the destruction of both the axis and the slider.

Known inertial propulsion-reaction effect, comprising a housing, shaft and straight arms with masses intended for circular motion, the clamping mechanism with adjustable drive and support rings, the hub, which is connected with the shaft and to which the hinge is attached to the mentioned direct levers with the masses, as well as eccentric, mounted on rollers, allowing alternate slopes of these levers with the masses so that the masses along with a circular motion to receive axial movement along the shaft (similar to the patent of Russian Federation №2146631, MKI 62 D 57/00, F 03 G 3/00, 2000).

This invention is directed to reducing weight and size, but its use does not allow you to change direction.

Known inertial-pulse propulsion, comprising a housing, a non-balances, fixed to one ends of the movable rods placed in radial guides associated with the drive shaft mounted in the housing, while the non-balances equipped with rolling elements, interacting with arched with ledge copiers, arc to the which is eccentric relative to the axis of rotation of the shaft, and on the rods between the non-balances and guides installed compression spring (analog - RF patent №2051832, MKI 62 D 57/00, 1996).

This thruster is aimed at addressing the impacts of non-balances on rails while present in the starting point of the ledge copier and reducing the length of the rod, but it lacks the means to change the direction of movement.

A device for creating inertia of equal value pulses in a given coordinate direction due to the fixed rotation axis that is installed on the base, the unbalanced masses containing base with attached engine with two-sided output shaft, one end of which is fixed unbalanced load, rotating platform mounted on the axis passing through the centre of the base, with the base attached perpendicular to and coaxial with the axis of the platform bevel gear, the engine is mounted on the platform, unbalanced load fixed to the inner end of the motor shaft and at its outer end mounted perpendicularly to the first gear and interacting with her second bevel gear (analog - RF patent №2083419, MKI 62 D 57/00, 1997).

This device is aimed at improving operational capabilities and the expansion of the scope, but has a complex structure and it lacks sredstva changes of direction.

Known power installation comprising a drum with holes located diametrically opposite, which are placed in moving cargoes, equipped with axial rods, each of which has a roller, the drum is made to rotate in the cylindrical housing, and the axis of the drum offset from the axis of the housing (similar to French patent No. 2020488, MKI F 03 G 3/00; 63 N 19/00, 1970).

This power unit can be used to move vehicles due to differences passages, operating predominantly in one direction, obtained by different moving at least two loads acting diametrically opposed.

Known drive unit for vehicles containing the rotors are made with the possibility of rotation around the axis perpendicular to the direction of motion; the other centrifugal mass made with the possibility of reciprocation in the direction of the axis of rotation; a guiding device consisting of adjustable hydraulic or pneumatic cylinder mounted on the rotor, lifting devices, which are connected to each of the PM mass and configured to move the primaries of mass in the direction of the radius to the axis of rotation and away from her, and flight mass performed with the option to set each revolution of the rotor with guide devices eccentric to the axis of rotation (similar the application of Germany No. 3423976, MKI 06 1/16 In; F 16 H 33/08, 1986).

Known vehicle containing the frame and the inertial actuator interacting with the driving wheels, and is made from a block engines, the rotors of which are climatically linked through gears with de-balancers mounted in a common housing, which is connected with the frame of the vehicle through the spring to the frame of the vehicle through the spring and driving wheels, using a ratcheting mechanism, and a casing loosely mounted on the axis of the wheels, on which is rigidly fixed to ratchet (prototype - A.S. the USSR №589150, MKI 62 D 57/00, 1978).

This ensures smooth running of the vehicle.

The task, which sent a group of the claimed inventions is to improve the efficiency of vehicles, owing to the increasing values of the perturbing force acting along the selected direction of movement, due to expansion of the functionality of inertia forces.

This task is solved in that in a method of producing mechanical vibrations, providing for the testing of the inertial element elliptical treadmill with preload to her this element, the movement of the inertial element on the treadmill exercise with respect to an axis aligned with one of the foci of the elliptical is rectorie, selected as chief, and the inertial element use balanced.

The testing of the inertial element of the treadmill can be produced both inside and outside.

The implementation of motion of the inertial element on the treadmill about an axis aligned with one of the foci of the elliptical trajectory is chosen as the main, provides the eccentricity of movement of the inertial element in the plane of the elliptical path that leads to a change in the value of the perturbing force and the preemptive effect of its maximum value along the long axis of the ellipse.

The use of balanced inertial element means that the center of mass, it is centered on the axis of rotation - this makes it easier to obtain the maximum values of the perturbing force along the major axis of the elliptical trajectory in one direction.

Implementation spinning inertial element treadmill inside allows it to compress more, and inertial forces acting on the rigid connection (the treadmill).

Implementation spinning inertial element treadmill allows the outside to affect the elastic connection (e.g., in the form of a telescopic clamping mechanism).

The task is achieved by the fact that in the known method the transformation directed mechanical vibrations into intermittent unidirectional translational motion, providing interaction between a two mass system, one of which is inertial, rotating around its axis, simultaneously moves relative to the other mass in an elliptical path with the elastic preload it to the treadmill ellipse, reporting system directed mechanical vibrations, the system uses unbalanced with the center of mass coinciding in a static state with the center of gravity of the system and one of the focuses of the ellipse, is chosen as the main, and on which produce eccentric movement of a balanced weight in motion system oriented so that the long axis of the ellipse coincides with the desired direction of movement, and the head part of the ellipse was directed in the direction of the motion, and the motion of the system is performed by the successive step movements in the moments of the impulse action of inertial forces along the long axis of the ellipse, the maximum magnitude of the perturbing force directed from the main focus, in the direction of movement.

In the intervals between successive step movements in a given direction, the system can move additionally and inertia, and the inertia produced at the time of coincidence of the center of mass with a major focus.

The stepping movement of the sea is theme can be made forward-back, when this step of movement in a predetermined forward direction more step in the opposite direction.

Using an unbalanced system determines the possibility of its movement in either direction.

Using system center of mass coinciding in a static state with the center of gravity of the system and one of the focuses of the ellipse, is chosen as the main, and on which produce eccentric movement of a balanced weight, allows the implementation of the movement system to move the center of mass of a certain (specified) closed trajectory with the return of this center back after the complete turnover of a balanced weight in the main focus, already at a different point in the trajectory path.

The orientation system in the process of movement so that the long axis of the ellipse coincides with the desired direction of movement, and the head part of the ellipse was directed in the direction of this movement, provides the possibility of using the maximum value of the perturbing forces.

The implementation of motion of a system of sequential stepping movements in the moments of impulsive actions along the long axis of the maximum magnitude of the perturbing force directed from the main focus in the direction of movement, provides progressive movement system in General is om, despite the discrete nature of the movement in the desired direction.

Moving the system between successive step movements in a given direction and additionally inertia allows you to fully utilize the possibilities of movement in a given direction.

The implementation of the inertia at the time of coincidence of the center of mass with the main focus gives rise to a new cycle of movement.

The implementation step of moving the system forward-back with the ability to set the step of moving in the forward direction more step in the opposite direction gives the opportunity to provide movement in a given direction.

The problem is solved and the fact that in the method of the managed movement of the vehicle in space in a given direction, providing use to get traction engine, producing pulses of inertial forces managed to move in a specified direction of the vehicle is carried out by mixing with the direction of the resultant of the force system is obtained from the use of at least more than one propulsion, distributed in a certain way relative to each other and relative to the base vehicle.

The mode of operation of the vehicle in a given direction, you can create a synchro is grave and symmetric tilt in the plane of the propellers of the major axis of the ellipse of each of the propellers relative to the line, at which place the center of gravity and center of mass of the vehicle.

Forward movement or lifting can be created at an angle lower than 90°, travel planning or hang - angle equal to 90°and a backward motion or when landing on a support surface at an angle opposite the angle of ascent.

The stability of the vehicle in space, you can specify the placement of the modules relative to each other with a combination or separate location of the center of gravity and center of mass of the vehicle, and you can set this resistance with partial bearing on the environment, and sustainability in aquatic environment can be created by placing the propeller in one of the vertices of an isosceles triangle that forms the contour of the vehicle on the supporting surface parallel placement of the major axis of the ellipse of the mover relative to this surface, in the air - the placement of the propulsion at the vertices of an isosceles triangle that forms the contour of the vehicle in space - the placement of the engines on the ring in the radial direction, and the centers of gravity and centers of mass can be placed: in the first case is inside the contour, the second on the support vehicle, the third is outside the loop, the fourth is inside the circle, concentric with the ring and located inside the ring and coaxial with the vehicle, the contour of which is limited by the outer circumference of the ring.

The implementation of movement of the vehicle in a specified direction by combining with the direction of the resultant of the force system is obtained from the use of at least more than one propulsion, distributed in a certain way relative to each other and relative to the base vehicle allows you to get an easy controllability of the vehicle, based on the optimal layout.

Joint and simultaneous operation of the propellers provides the initial conditions for improving the controllability of the vehicle.

The placement plane of each of the engines in the plane perpendicular to the base of the vehicle, allows you to set the thrust vector.

The creation mode of the vehicle in a given direction synchronous and symmetrical tilt in the plane of the propellers of the major axis of the ellipse of each of the propellers relative to the line on which place the center of gravity and center of mass of the vehicle (static state) allows the displacement of the center of mass on the desired closed curve and, thus, the movement as a whole propulsion.

Creating a forward or lift at an angle lower than 90°allows for the use of the maximum momentum of the inertial forces and the placement of the center of mass of each of the propellers together with the centers of gravity of the inertial mass in the same propulsion on the geometric axis of each of the thrusters.

Creating motion in planning mode or hangs at an angle equal to 90°provides maximum pulse inertial forces directed toward each other, the centers of gravity of the propulsion inertial masses and centers of mass of the thrusters are located on the geometric axis crossing at a right angle to the geometric axis of the mover.

Creating movement when landing on a support surface at an angle opposite the angle of elevation, provides the location of the centers of gravity of the propulsion and inertial masses and centers of mass of the thrusters on the geometric axes of the propellers located at an angle to the geometric axis, the opposite corner of the lift.

The job stability of the vehicle in space by the placement of the propellers relative to each other with a combination or separate location of the center of gravity (CG) and center of mass (CM) of the vehicle provides the environment in mind.

The job stability of the vehicle in space with partial support environment allows you to use the properties of the medium (density).

The creation of the stability of the vehicle in the aquatic environment by placing the propeller in one of the vertices of an equilateral triangle forming the contour of the vehicle, allows used what I tractive effort of each of the propellers and placement supports other vertices, and the location of the centers of gravity and mass within this circuit enhances the stability of the vehicle as a whole.

The creation of the stability of the vehicle on the supporting surface parallel placement of the major axis of the ellipse of the mover relative to this surface allows the use of traction propulsion in the direction of movement and the location of the centers of gravity and mass on the support mover ensures the stability of the vehicle.

The problem is solved also by the fact that in the device to receive directed mechanical vibrations, comprising a housing with a treadmill elliptical inertial element made with the possibility of running the treadmill and rotation around its axis, and the drive mechanism, the axis of the portable motion of the inertial element placed in one of the foci of the elliptical trajectory is chosen as the main, and aligned with the axis of the shaft of the drive motor and the drive mechanism includes a node preload force of the inertial element to the treadmill.

Inertial element may be placed inside the housing, the drive mechanism can be made lever-spring, and the node force preload may contain kinematic pair, one link of which is elastic and is made in the form of prog is in compression.

The drive mechanism can be made of two plane-parallel parts, each of which contains: carrier, hinge, leash and node preload force of the inertial element to the inner surface of the shell.

Each led can be equipped with axes, placed symmetrically on the outside of the housing, and the axle of one led mounted on the motor shaft, the axis of another carrier mounted in bearing Cup and the geometric axis, these axes coincide with the axis of the shaft.

Node preload force of the inertial element to the inner surface of the housing may include a cantilever arm, placed one end in the hinge, and an elastic element mounted on the other end of the lever and connecting it to the planet carrier, in this case, the node may be configured to change as the length of the elastic element, and changing the angle between the planet carrier and the console lever when testing the inertial element of the inner surface of the housing, and the length of the elastic element and the angle between the planet carrier and the cantilever arm when the axis of the inertial element, the main focus of the ellipse are the maximum, and when this axis in a different focus - minimum.

The device can be made with the possibility of joint work with the same device, both devices are placed against the sustained fashion to each other so to their corps were in parallel planes, and the main foci of the ellipses coincide, and the drivers of both devices performed with simultaneous displacement of the inertial elements in opposite directions.

Inertial element can be placed outside the housing, the drive mechanism is made telescopically-spring, and the node force preload contains an elastic element made in the form of a tension spring.

The enclosure can be made with the guides for the inertial element.

Placing the axis of the portable motion of the inertial element in one of the foci of the ellipse and combining it with the axis of the motor shaft allows the inertial element when it is running the inner surface of the housing to close, move away from this focus, with a corresponding change in the direction and magnitude of the disturbing force, and the execution of the drive mechanism with the possibility preload force of the inertial element to the treadmill provides a constant frictional contact surfaces of the inertial element and the housing.

The placement of the inertial element inside the housing makes the device compact, the execution of the drive mechanism lever-spring converts the rotational motion of the drive shaft in the movement of the inertial element about the relative treadmill and the host is running, forced preload with a kinematic pair, one link of which is elastic and is designed as a compression spring, provides an irrevocable contact surfaces of the inertial element and the treadmill.

The execution of the drive mechanism of the two plane-parallel parts, each of which contains a carrier, a hinge, a leash and a node preload force of the inertial element to the inner surface of the housing, provides an irrevocable movement of the inertial element in an elliptical path and in the same plane.

The supply of each of the led axes, placed symmetrically on the outside of the housing, provides resistance to movement of the inertial element in the plane of the ellipse, pinning the same axis one drove on the motor shaft and install the axis of another carrier bearing arrangement enables to keep the common geometric axis is constant in space and match the geometric axis of these axes with the axis of the shaft provides the ability to get the angular velocity of rotation of the inertial element in magnitude greater than in any other location of this element.

The presence of node preload force of the inertial element to the inner surface of the housing of the cantilever arm, one end is placed in the hinge, and the elastic link, fixed the CSOs on the other end of the lever and connecting it to the planet carrier, allows to obtain kinematic relationship, providing the changes in the geometric parameters for a given calculation.

Execution host with the ability to change as the length of the elastic element, and changing the angle between the planet carrier and the console lever when testing the inertial element of the inner surface of the housing provides the required contact pressure of this element to the inner surface of the shell.

Establishing a length of the elastic element and the angle between the planet carrier and the console lever maximum when the axis of the inertial element, the main focus of the ellipse limits at the initial movement of the inertial element response relationships, and the establishment of these minimum values when the axis of the inertial element in another focus allows you to use the "detailed" long and the limit for the maximum exciting force along the major axis of the ellipse.

The placement of the inertial element outside the housing allows the use of resistance reactions hard (for excitation of centripetal forces (CSS)) communication, execution telescopic drive mechanism allows movement of the inertial member with the center of mass of the device and the host preload force to the elastic element made in the form of a spring wound, provides best iwny contact surfaces of the inertial element and the treadmill.

The device with the possibility of joint work with the same device may receive an increased exciting force; the placement of these devices relative to each other so that their hulls were in parallel planes, and the main foci of the ellipses coincide, provides the conditions for their simultaneous operation; performing the same drivers for both devices with synchronous movement of the inertial elements in opposite directions allows to eliminate the influence of the Coriolis forces acting on each of these elements and to maintain the stability of the axis of the center of gravity relative to its direction.

Perform body guides the inertial element moves this inertial element in one plane without lateral offset.

This problem is solved in that the propulsion containing the generator housing directed mechanical vibrations, rigidly placed on a frame mounted on the last engine, the drive transmitting rotation from the motor shaft to the generator, and the frame is made with possibility of accommodation on the basis of the vehicle as a generator directed mechanical vibrations used a device made in accordance with p-25, the casing is installed in the plane, per antikosmos plane of the frame, the latter is equipped with a hinge made with the possibility of changing the angle of inclination of the long axis of the housing relative to the ground plane in the range from 0 to 180°and with the possibility of rotation of the plane of the body relative to the original position as the left and right in the range from 0 to 45°, the connection of the frame with the base vehicle made with the possibility of damping mechanical vibrations.

Use as a device to receive directed mechanical vibrations of the device made in accordance with p-25, provides the ability to get moving vehicle in a given direction using the capabilities of this design.

Placing the housing in a plane perpendicular to the plane of the frame, provides the conditions for the orientation of this frame relative to the base. Supply frame hinge provides the ability to move the vehicle without supplying them with the means to change the direction of movement, i.e. in the absence of controls.

The execution of the hinge with the ability to change the angle of the long axis of the body relative to the ground plane in the range from 0 to 180° provides change of direction to the reverse in the process.

The implementation of the Sha is ner with the possibility of rotation of the plane of the housing relative to the original position to the left and right in the range from 0 to 45° provides the ability to change the trajectory of motion in the selected direction during the movement.

Performing communication of a frame with a base vehicle with damping of mechanical vibrations allows to eliminate their harmful effects on the vehicle and its passengers.

The proposed group of inventions is illustrated in the drawings, on which:

Figure 1 - scheme of the receiving mechanical vibrations during movement of the inertial element on a treadmill inside an elliptical path;

Figure 2 - the same, but outside of this trajectory;

Figure 3 - diagram of the interaction of the inertial mass;

Figure 4 - the same, with the image of a closed curve described by the center of mass;

Figure 5 - the same, with the plans of the forces when moving an inertial mass in a predetermined path;

6 is a diagram of obtaining a resultant unbalanced inertia forces of thrust;

Fig.7 is the same, depicting the distance to move the system independent of the inertial mass centripetal forces;

Fig - plot traction forces;

Fig.9 - the scheme of obtaining the resultant when the two propellers;

Figure 10 - layout of the propulsion unit relative to the circuit scuba or surface vehicle;

11 - scheme of propulsion from siteline solid support surface;

Fig - layout of the propulsion unit relative to the air vehicle (plane);

Fig - layout of the propulsion unit relative to the air vehicle (ornithopter);

Fig - layout of the propellers relative to the space vehicle;

Fig - layout propulsion of the vehicle in its ascent;

Fig - layout propulsion of the vehicle in its planning;

Fig - layout propulsion of the vehicle during its descent;

Fig device with a drive lever-spring mechanism, side view;

Fig - longitudinal section a-a in Fig;

Fig device with telescopic drive mechanism, side view;

Fig is a longitudinal section b-B in Fig;

Fig - telescopic drive mechanism when folded, longitudinal section;

Fig the same, in the extended state;

Fig system of two devices driven telescopic mechanisms, side view;

Fig the same, a longitudinal section b-b In Fig;

Fig - mover, top view;

Fig - the same, lateral view;

Fig-35 - excentricity motor vehicles placed relative to the point CG and CM.

Figure 1 and 2 shows the kinematic pair is represented by two elements, forming one of the to the that (treadmill) is represented by the ellipse 1, and another (inertia element) - circle, with the circle motion relative to the ellipse 1 is performed with the contact surfaces along the line of what is possible with the execution of the ellipse in the form of elliptical treadmill 2 and the inertial element 3 in the form of the rotor. Ellipse, as is known, the line of the 2nd order, which specify the number of points in the plane, the sum of the distances to which two specific points F1 and F2 (foci of the ellipse) is constant.

A method of obtaining a directed mechanical vibrations is as follows.

Include a drive motor (not shown)that provides rotational movement through kinematic drive connection (not shown) is fed to a balanced inertial element 3, causing it to rotate about a point located in the center of mass of this element, and rolling (rolling) on the inner or outer side of the ellipse 1 with simultaneous preload element 3 to the inner or outer side surface of the ellipse 1 treadmill 2 by changing the length of the links connecting this element to the actuator. This complex motion of the inertial element of the implement relative to the common axis, combined with one of the tricks, for example, F1 of the ellipse, the selected major. The rolling inertia of the element produced by either of the two options.

On PE is the PTO option within one cycle (turnover) relative to the focus F1 of the center of the rotor at the initial moment combined with the focus of the ellipse (Figure 1), at the time of rolling describes an ellipse smaller, and at the final returns to the same focus.

The second option within one cycle (turnover) relative to the focus F1 (Figure 2) center the rotor in the initial removed from it by a distance equal to the length of the segment from the focus to the edge of the ellipse (along the long axis) plus the radius of the inertial element 3, at the time of rolling describes an ellipse large size, and in the final moment is returned to the specified starting point.

In the process of rolling geometric axis of the inertial element is offset from the focus F1 by a distance equal to the distance between the foci F1 and F2 of the ellipse 1 (in the case when the inertial element is placed inside the ellipse) or a distance equal to the length of the major (long) axis of the ellipse plus the length of the radius of the inertial element.

Inertial element 3, trying from inside the ellipse 1 and rotating around its own axis (Figure 1), is additionally pressed by centrifugal force to this ellipse. Upon increase of speed of the drive occurs, the inertia of the centrifugal force.

Inertial element 3, trying outside the ellipse 1 and rotating around its own axis (Figure 2), testing of clamping force, is also subjected to the inertia forces tending to detach him from the ellipse.

When testing occurs spatial variation of the location of the center of mass in rinnovo element with the target trajectory in the form of complex hypocycloidal curve, which is formed by the rotation of the inertial element about its own axis and rotating in an elliptical orbit with a periodic change in the value of eccentricity, the eccentricity is absent when the coincidence of the axis of rotation of the inertial element with a main focus, and the maximum value of eccentricity is equal to the ratio of the distance from the center of the ellipse to the focus to the distance from the center of the ellipse to a point on the line that describes the contour of the ellipse, and lying on a line passing through the foci and the geometric center of the long axis of the ellipse.

The method of conversion directed mechanical vibrations in the directional intermittent forward movement is carried out as follows.

Include the drive motor (Figure 1), which shaft starts to rotate, and this rotation is transmitted through drive kinematic linkage (not shown) to the balanced weight of 3. Since this connection performs the function of transmitting rotation on the axis specified mass and at the same time the function of the pressure of this mass to the wall of the trajectory, made in the form of an ellipse 2, the first function can be carried out in a known manner using various known mechanisms capable of mainly swinging movement, and the second function is also a known manner using various elastic links, ways is able to perform mainly reciprocating movement by changing the lengths of these links.

Elastic links provide a balanced movement of the mass relative to the main focus of the elliptical orbit; the movement of center of mass for a closed curve the movement of this mass in an elliptical treadmill; convert ravnodeystvuiushchey unbalanced inertia forces in ravnodeystvuiushchey centrifugal forces directed action; make initial rotational movement of the balanced mass in an elliptical path in the secondary progressive movement together with the center of mass of the system; to ensure reliable operation at high speed; excite the inertial force of pulses that move in space; provide an opportunity to return to a balanced weight after running the treadmill in the main point of focus, which is the starting point of the motion of this mass; produce (movement inertial mass) ravnodeystvuiushchey centripetal forces that determines the direction of movement in space together with the center of mass (secondary motion).

The balanced mass 3 at the initial time axis coincides with the axis of the actuator, which, in turn, coincides with the main focus of the ellipse F1. This mass is given in rotation around its axis begins to move, trying a treadmill, toward the other focus F2 of the ellipse, is this chastek and returns to its original position, thereby completing one full cycle of movement equal to one complete turn around the main focus F1. When performing motion weight is additionally pressed by centrifugal force to the treadmill 2 and held on the treadmill elastic links. Upon increase of speed of the drive occurs, the inertia of the centrifugal force. When testing ellipse balanced weight is spatial variation of the location of the center of mass system (Figure 2), the trajectory which describes the complex closed curve that defines the location of the resultant center of mass between the center of gravity balanced weight and center of gravity of the system. The balanced movement of the mass within the contour bounded by an ellipse, is given the value of eccentricity in the periodic change of the radius connecting the main focus with the axis of a balanced weight from zero to maximum.

The minimum value of this radius is equal to zero, is obtained by combining the axis balanced mass with the main focus of the ellipse F1 and simultaneously with the axis of the drive shaft, and the maximum value of a radius equal to the distance between the foci of the ellipse: the principal and nonprincipal - F1 and F2.

When forward movement of the body it can be considered as a material point, sosredotochie the whole weight of the body at its center of gravity and moving it all the external forces, acting on the body. Moving the center of mass, and therefore, the movement of the object in space depends on the displacement of the center of gravity balanced mass relative to the main focus of the elliptical orbit, where is the center of gravity of the module. The displacement of the center of gravity balanced mass relative to the center of gravity of the main focus is accompanied by writing the trajectory of the center of mass of the system along a curved closed path-dependent trajectories of inertial mass in an ellipse from a point of main focus to return to the same point. The center of mass system (module) moves as a material point, the mass of which is equal to the mass of the whole system, and which can be applied all applicable to this system of external forces, and these forces are transferred to the center of mass without changing their directions. If the body is not moving forward, it is possible to decompose this complex motion to translational motion together with the center of gravity and rotational motion around the center of gravity. The translational part of such a complex motion of a body is determined by theorem on the motion of the center of mass of the body, i.e. by the equation:

where

Mac- the product of mass of the system on the vector acceleration of its center of mass,

- the geometric sum of all external forces, the activities of the existing system.

To free material point M of mass m, moving with velocity v, the applied force P, the direction of which forms with the direction of the velocity v some angle (see figure 3). The point in this case will move along a curved path with acceleration a=P/m, directed equally with the power of R. the Components of acceleration are:

Tangent, numerically equal to at=dv/dt is the derivative of velocity modulus point in time, and

Normal, equal modulo andn=v2/r, where r is the radius of curvature of the trajectory in this position of the material point. When curvilinear motion of a point attached power P can also be decomposed into two components: tangent (tangential) force Pt=matchanging the module speed point, and normal (centripetal) force Pn=manchanging the direction of the speed point. The last component makes a point to deviate from a straight path in the direction of the tangent to the trajectory at a given point in the direction of the corresponding center of curvature.

When curvilinear motion of a point is its force of inertia can be decomposed into two components:

tangent (tangential) force of inertia, Randt=-matdirected opposite to the tangential acceleration of a point and a normal centrifugal force of inertia, Randn =-mandirected oppositely to the normal acceleration of the point.

Because the normal acceleration is directed along the normal to the trajectory in the direction of its concavity, the centrifugal inertial force directed along the normal in the direction of convexity of the trajectory, i.e. along the normal from the center of curvature. The centrifugal force of inertia is equal to and opposite direction to the centripetal force.

If the point M moves along a curved trajectory evenly, then v=const and at=dv/dt=0. In this case, the tangential force of inertia vanishes and the full force of inertia is equal to the centrifugal component is equal to

Pand=Pandn=mv2/r

When the point M belongs to a body rotating about a fixed axis focus, its tangential and centripetal acceleration can be calculated by the formula:

an=rω2

where ω,- angular velocity and angular acceleration of rotation of the body, and r is the distance of the point from the axis of rotation.

Hence, the modules of the tangential and centrifugal forces of inertia calculated by the formulas:

Pandn=mrω2

If the rotation of the body evenly, thenand Randt=0, and the full force of inertia is equal to Pand= andn=mrω2.

When proprietary curvilinear motion of a point of acting on it centripetal force is the reaction of the connection, causing the point to deviate from the straight path and, therefore, telling her the appropriate normal acceleration. Force, acting on the link, will be the centrifugal force of inertia of the given point. When the movement of the inertial mass of the manifestations of the centripetal force is the pressure wall of the treadmill on the weight and centrifugal pressure of the mass on the wall, aiming for the same normals from the centre. This proprietary motion balanced mass, i.e. with the use of communication in rapid rotation, the centrifugal force of inertia balanced weight attached to the communication, makes a lot, providing pulses of inertial forces to perform a translational motion along with the center of mass. The thrust obtained by this centripetal force depends on the number of revolutions (pulses), forms the treadmill, the magnitude of the eccentricity, the configuration of an ellipse or a part of the curve of the ellipse (elongated or nearly circular shape), the magnitude of the inertial mass of the medium resistance, gravity.

The way managed to move the vehicle in a given direction is as follows.

The vehicle, the base of which is connected with the propulsion system, made in a modular scheme, driven both, synchronous and simultaneous operation, which produces thrust and is the translational motion in a given direction with sustainability in space vehicles.

Thrust obtained by summing the rods of the engine of the vehicle, depending on the state of the environment in space which is the movement of the vehicle, is used as the main source of movement of the tool, but you can use vehicles as a means to navigate the underwater surface position on the solid support surface in air and in vacuum.

The stability of the movement of a vehicle in the aquatic environment in the underwater or above-water position provides propulsion placed in one of the vertices of an equilateral triangle forming the contour of the vehicle, while CT and CM have inside the path.

The stability of the vehicle on the supporting surface creating a parallel placement of the major axis of the ellipse of the mover relative to this surface, while CT and CM is placed on a support vehicle.

The stability of the vehicle in the hcpa is heh create placement of thrusters at the vertices of an equilateral triangle, forming the contour of the vehicle, while CT and CM have within this circuit.

Forward movement or lifting of creating at an angle to the horizon.

The device (1, 2) includes a housing 1, made in the form of an ellipse, the end surface of which is made in the form of treadmill 2, provided with side guides (not shown) for the inertia element in the form of a rotor 3, which is made to rotate around its own axis and the rolling of the inner forming treadmill 2, with the center of the rolling elements in one of the foci F1 of the ellipse, is chosen as the main. The rotor 3 is kinematically connected to the drive shaft 4 by means of a drive mechanism comprising placed outside of the casing 1 on both sides of the two shafts 5, one of which is rigidly mounted on the drive shaft 4, and the other in the bearing Cup. On each of these axes is rigidly fixed to one of its ends drove 6, containing at the other end of the hinges 7, serving to contain one of the ends of the cantilever arms 8 and leads 9. Cantilever arms 8 is made to rotate relative to the carrier 6, contain at their free ends of the elements 10 of the mounting of one end of the elastic links 11, which their other ends secured to the fastening elements 12 on Fadilah 6. Leashes 9 is made with a capability is the capacity of rotation of one of its ends with the console lever 8 and the other with the axis of the rotor 3. The drive shaft 4, axis 5 and the axis of the rotor 3 have a common geometric axis, which is perpendicular to the plane of rotation of the rotor 3 and is placed at the focus F1 of the ellipse, the contour of which coincides with the generatrix of the treadmill 2.

In the implementation shown in Figure 3, 4, the device includes a housing 1, made in the form of an ellipse, the face surface is made in the form of treadmill 2, which can also be provided with side guides for the inertia element in the form of a rotor 3, which is made to rotate around its own axis and rolling on the external generatrix of the treadmill 2, with the center of the portable movement in one of the foci F1 of the ellipse, is chosen as the main. The rotor 3 is kinematically connected to the drive shaft 4 by means of a telescopic drive mechanism including movable in the axial direction of the cylindrical hollow section 13, with the tubular section of larger diameter cover a section of smaller diameter. Section connected with the axis of the rotor 3 has the smallest diameter. Inside of the drive mechanism unit is installed force of the pressing drive to the treadmill, which contains an elastic element made in the form of a tension spring 14 (Figure 5, 6).

The device, made according to the third variant, can be connected to another similar device. In this case, the AE system of two devices (7, 8) contains, in contrast to previous variants bearing cups 15, mounted in one of the two devices node, and drive shafts 4 come from opposite sides of the device - this allows you to reduce the transverse dimensions of the system.

The device (1, 2) to obtain a directed mechanical vibrations works as follows. When turning on the source of rotation (not shown) that rotate with the drive shaft 4 by means of kinematic connection is transmitted to the axis of the rotor 3 on the axis 5, led 6, the extreme points which make circular trajectory around the axis of the drive shaft 4, the hinge 7 and the lead 9. Cantilever arms 8 mounted on the drive rod 6 in the hinge 7, specify the length of the elastic element 11. The rotor 3 is driven into rotation around its own axis and is trying out the treadmill 2 having an elliptical trajectory with preload it to this track elastic links 11. Due to the existing eccentricity of the rotor 3 is removed from the main focus F1, approaches it, it modifies the speed of rotation and the coordinates of the center of mass relative to the main focus, and the direction of the perturbing force acting on the treadmill, remains constant is coincident with the long axis of the ellipse. In the process of spinning rotor 3 rotates unevenly. The frequency of movement of the axis of the rotor is equal to the frequency in the stop of the motor shaft, and the frequency of rotation of the rotor around its own axis is equal to the rotor speed on the treadmill, multiplied by the ratio of the perimeter length of the treadmill to the length of the perimeter of the disk.

Device (Fig.3-6) works as follows.

When turning on the source of rotation (not shown) that rotate with the drive shaft 4 by means of kinematic connection is transmitted to the axis of the rotor 3 on the axis 5 and sections 13. Essentially tubular section of the large diameter 13A is a planet carrier, as the latter is rotated relative of one of the foci F1 of the ellipse selected as chief, and section 13B of the small diameter is the leash. The rotor 3 is driven into rotation around its own axis and is trying out the treadmill 2 having an elliptical trajectory with preload it to this track elastic links in the form of a tension spring 14.

The device (7, 8) works as follows. Transfer rotation from the drive shaft 4 to the inertial element 3, which provides the last move in an elliptical path, is produced as in the previous case, but with the rotation carried out by one of the devices clockwise and the other counterclockwise.

The propulsion device includes a housing 15 which contains the generator is directed mechanical vibrations (in the drawings shown pun is Tyr), the primary engine 16, and the housing and the engine is rigidly placed on the frame 17, provided with a hinge 18, which is attached to the base 19 of the vehicle (not shown), which, in turn, provided with a vibration-damping element 20, preventing the transmission of vibrations to the base. The engine 16 is connected to the generator by means of the actuator, which converts the rotation of the shaft 4 of the engine 16 in the eccentric movement of the rotor 3 of the generator relative to one of the foci of the ellipse.

The housing 15 is positioned relative to the frame 17 so that its plane is perpendicular to the plane of the frame. The hinge 18 is arranged to change the angle of the long axis of the ellipse generator in a vertical plane in the range from 0 to 180° by raising or lowering the far end of the frame 17 relative to the hinge 18. This hinge allows rotation of the housing 15 to the right and left from the original position of the body in the range from 0 to 45° in each direction by turning the far end of the frame 17 to the right or left relative to the hinge 18.

The thruster operates as follows.

When enabled, the primary engine 16, the rotation of the shaft 4 is transmitted to the drive containing elastic elements (links)that converts an asymmetric rotation in the eccentric movement of the rotor 3 of the generator on its elliptical treadmill concerning one of the Fock is s of the ellipse, selected as chief. The result of this complex pattern of motion of the rotor 3 along the long axis of the ellipse generator get directed mechanical vibrations transmitted to the housing 15 of the generator.

As a result of periodic disturbing force along the long axis of the ellipse moves the center of mass of the mover along this axis and, therefore, the thruster at a certain distance, which is determined by the magnitude of the disturbing force. Mover, received traction, transmits it to the base of the vehicle, which moves the same distance. Then the cycles of action pulses are repeated and incremental distances form the trajectory of the vehicle coincident with the direction of action of the disturbing force.

If you want to change the direction of movement of the vehicle in the vertical plane of the hinge 18 to move the frame 17 is placed perpendicular to her body 15 of the generator up and down, and if necessary turn the vehicle in one direction or another by the same hinge move the frame 17 to the right or left relative to the original position of the long axis of the ellipse.

As the frame 17 is in the oscillatory system, then it is also a function of the perturbing forces that knowledge is sustained fashion to decrease the shock absorbers 20, that reduces the load on the base 19 of the vehicle.

1. A method of obtaining a directed mechanical vibrations, providing a running-rotating inertial element elliptical treadmill with preload to her this element, characterized in that the movement of the inertial element on the treadmill exercise with respect to an axis aligned with one of the foci of the elliptical trajectory is chosen as the main, and the inertial element use balanced.

2. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the forging of the inertial element treadmill produce from within.

3. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the forging of the inertial element treadmill produce outside.

4. The method of conversion directed mechanical vibrations in a unidirectional intermittent progressive movement, including interaction between the two masses of the system, one of which is inertial, rotating around its axis, simultaneously moves relative to the other mass in an elliptical path with the elastic preload it to the treadmill ellipse, reporting system directed mechanical vibrations, wherein the system is used with unbalanced center of mass coinciding in a static condition with the center t of the sheet within the same system and one of the focuses of the ellipse, selected as the master, and against which produce eccentric movement of a balanced weight in motion system oriented so that the long axis of the ellipse coincides with the desired direction of movement, the head part of the ellipse was directed in the direction of the motion, and the motion of the system is performed by the successive step movements in the moments of the impulse action of inertial forces along the long axis of the ellipse, the maximum magnitude of the perturbing force directed from the main focus in the direction of movement.

5. The method according to claim 4, characterized in that the intervals between successive step movements in a given direction system move more, and by inertia, and the inertia produced at the time of coincidence of the center of mass with a major focus.

6. The method according to claim 4, characterized in that the step of moving the system to produce forward-back, and the step of moving in a predetermined forward direction more step in the opposite direction.

7. The way managed to move the vehicle in a given direction, providing use to obtain the thrust of propulsion, generating pulses of inertial forces, characterized in that the control movement in a given direction tra the transport means is carried out by mixing with the direction of the resultant force system, obtained from the use of at least more than one propulsion, distributed in a certain way relative to each other and relative to the base vehicle and working together and at the same time, each of the propulsion implements the method of conversion directed mechanical vibrations into intermittent unidirectional translational movement in accordance with claims 4 to 6, and the plane of each of the propellers are placed in the plane perpendicular to the base of the vehicle.

8. The method according to claim 7, characterized in that the operation mode of the vehicle in a given direction to create synchronous and symmetrical tilt in the plane of the propellers of the major axis of the ellipse of each of the propellers relative to the line on which place the center of gravity and center of mass of the vehicle.

9. The method according to claims 7 or 8, characterized in that the forward movement or lifting of creating at an angle lower than 90°.

10. The method according to claim 7 or 8, characterized in that the traffic in the scheduling mode or hangs create at an angle equal to 90°.

11. The method according to claim 7 or 8, characterized in that the movement back or when landing on a support surface creates an angle, the opposite corner of the lift.

12. The method according to claim 7, characterized in that the stability of the vehicle in space set p is smesheniem propulsion relative to each other with a combination or separate location of the center of gravity and center of mass of the vehicle.

13. The method according to claim 7 or 12, characterized in that the stability of the vehicle in space set with a partial bearing on the environment.

14. The method according to item 13, wherein the stability of the vehicle in the aquatic environment created by placing the propeller in one of the vertices of an isosceles triangle that forms the contour of the vehicle, the center of gravity and center of mass feature within this circuit.

15. The method according to item 13, wherein the stability of the vehicle on the supporting surface creating a parallel placement of the major axis of the ellipse of the module relative to this surface, while the center of mass of the propulsion device is disposed on a support vehicle.

16. The method according to item 13, wherein the stability of the vehicle in the air that makes the placement of the thrusters at the vertices of an isosceles triangle that forms the contour of the vehicle, the center of gravity and center of mass have outside of this path.

17. The method according to claims 7 and 12, characterized in that the stability of the vehicle in the space environment is created by the placement of the thrusters on the ring in the radial direction, with the center of gravity and center of mass of the thruster fitted inside a circle, concentric with the ring and inside the ring and coaxially with transport what redston, the contour of which is limited by the outer circumference of the ring.

18. The device to receive directed mechanical vibrations, comprising a housing with a treadmill elliptical inertial element made with the possibility of running the treadmill and rotation around its axis, and a drive mechanism, characterized in that the axis of the portable motion of the inertial element placed in one of the foci of the elliptical trajectory is chosen as the main, and aligned with the axis of the shaft of the drive motor and the drive mechanism includes a node preload force of the inertial element to the treadmill.

19. The device according to p, characterized in that the inertial element is located inside the housing, the drive mechanism is lever-spring, and the node force preload contains kinematic pair, one link of which is elastic and is made in the form of compression springs.

20. The device according to p or 19, characterized in that the drive mechanism is made of two plane-parallel parts, each of which contains a carrier, a hinge, a leash and a node preload force of the inertial element to the inner surface of the shell.

21. The device according to claim 20, characterized in that each led is equipped with axes, placed symmetrically on the outside of the housing, and the axle of one carrier C is krepline on the motor shaft, the axle of another carrier mounted in bearing Cup and the geometric axis, these axes coincide with the axis of the shaft.

22. The device according to item 21, wherein the node preload force of the inertial element to the inner surface of the housing contains the console lever, placed one end in the hinge, and an elastic element mounted on the other end of the lever and connecting it to the planet carrier, in this case, the node with the ability to change as the length of the elastic element, and changing the angle between the planet carrier and the console lever when testing the inertial element of the inner surface of the housing, and the length of the elastic element and the angle between the planet carrier and the cantilever arm when the axis of the inertial element, the main focus of the ellipse are the maximum, and when this axis in another focus is minimal.

23. The device according to p, characterized in that the inertial element is placed outside the housing, the drive mechanism is made telescopically-spring, and the node force preload contains an elastic element made in the form of compression springs.

24. The device according to p or 23, characterized in that it is made with the possibility of joint work with the same device, both devices are located in parallel planes, and the main foci of the ellipses coincide, and drive me aNISM both devices performed with simultaneous displacement of the inertial elements in opposite directions.

25. The device according to p, characterized in that the casing guides the inertial element.

26. The driver of the vehicle containing the device to receive directed mechanical vibrations, United drive mechanism with a motor, the device and the motor is rigidly placed on the frame, and the frame is made with possibility of accommodation on the basis of the vehicle, characterized in that as the device to receive directed mechanical vibrations used a device made in accordance with PP-25, the casing is installed in the plane perpendicular to the plane of the frame, the latter is provided with a hinge made with the possibility of changing the angle of inclination of the long axis of the housing relative to the ground plane in the range from 0 to 180°and also with the possibility of rotation of the plane of the body relative to the original position as the left and right in the range from 0 to 45°, the connection of the frame with the base vehicle made with the possibility of damping mechanical vibrations.

27. Transport power installation comprising an engine and a propulsion device connected to the driving mechanism, placed on a frame made with the possibility of interaction with the base of the vehicle, characterized in that it contains, by at least more than one mover, each of which is made in accordance with p, and made use of it as in the individual drive mode of the vehicle, and in the mode group drives the vehicle using full drive of the respective vehicle.

28. Installation according to item 27, characterized in that it is made with possibility of consistent collaboration with staff drive the vehicle.

29. Installation according to item 27, characterized in that it is made with the possibility of parallel collaboration with staff drive the vehicle.



 

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2 dwg

FIELD: transport engineering; inertia propulsive units.

SUBSTANCE: proposed vibrating propulsive unit includes inertia-impulse converter with inertia rotating masses, mechanism to change radius of rotation of masses, and pusher with reciprocating mechanism. Mechanism changing radius of rotation of masses consists of levers hinge-connected with sliders mounted on shaft with drive electric motor and installed on vehicle platform. Reciprocating mechanism of pusher is of slider-and-slotted link mechanism with two degrees of freedom and it includes slotted link secured on shaft mounted on platform with drive engine. Fitted on slotted link is slide block hinge-connected through connecting rod with axle installed on platform for reciprocation between inertia-impulse converter and slider-and-slotted link mechanism. Curvilinear pusher secured on end of axle engages with inertia masses of inertia-impulse converter.

EFFECT: improved smoothness of vehicle running, reduced dynamic loads, increased efficiency.

4 dwg

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