Method for stimulating canine osteoreparation after osteosynthesis

FIELD: medicine, veterinary science.

SUBSTANCE: it is necessary to affect biologically active points (BAP) with current of 15-30 mcA, frequency of 8 Hz. The ratio of the duration of impulses of positive and negative current polarities corresponds to 1:1. The impact lasts for 2 min once daily. In case of femur fracture one should affect BAP 108 and 109, and in case of shin bones fracture - BAP 115 and 116. Therapy course lasts for 7 d. The method shortens terms of therapy due to applying the current of the above-mentioned parameters.

EFFECT: higher efficiency of stimulation.

1 dwg, 2 ex, 1 tbl

 

The invention relates to veterinary therapy, namely the treatment of dogs in the postoperative period. The most effective after osteosynthesis of the femoral bone and the Shin bone in dogs.

To influence local and measured current to a living organism developed device "Vocals In"representing multiple electrode to the gate in the form of two typesetting cylinder, in which is mounted the needle in the form of teeth at a distance of 1.5 mm at the base and 7 mm between vertices. Band width overlay needles (10 rows) - 35 mm To the needle is served bipolar pulse current frequency of 10 Hz. The device is intended for exposure to currents of low intensity on the acupuncture points of farm animals by direct contact of the head unit on acupuncture points [Kazeev GV Veterinary acupuncture. - M.: RIO RSACU, 2000. - S].

The disadvantage of this device is that there is no possibility of purposeful influence on certain biologically active point. When the contact electrode (with animal skin exposure is carried out simultaneously on several acupuncture points, including those not observed potential difference - ″healthy point, and the point of other organs and systems.

There is also known a method of stimulation of reparative processes in the bone tissue the cats after osteosynthesis, which is the impact on biologically active points (BAP) No. 1, 2, 3 DC power of 0.95 units of individual sensitivity to change of polarity of 0.1 second in duration of one session 2-3 minutes a day and course of action - 5-7 days. The strength of the primary current of positive polarity (300, 250 and 200 μa, etc.) was determined by the emergence of anxiety cats [Sakhno N.V. Method of stimulation of reparative processes in the bone tissue of cats after osteosynthesis. Copyright certificate №2236874 - prototype].

The main disadvantage of this method with the use of dogs is that they are characterized by higher electrical conductivity of the skin, than in cats, and the stimulation of osteoraptor damaged bones even under optimal for dogs amperage with exposure for more than two minutes caused concern among this species. In addition, the current frequency of 8 Hz is optimal for perception of the pulse of the body of dogs. While cats are acceptable more radical techniques of electro-acupuncture (relatively prolonged exposure to current high power with a more intensive change of polarity), in dogs these techniques can cause a temporary and sometimes complete cessation of electrical conductivity BAT ″closing of the points. Moreover, in the known method the impact on the OST is receptory bones of the forearm and the humerus lead through specific for cats BAT No. 1, 2, 3.

The objective of the proposed method is the reduction of terms of osteoreparative and reducing costs of medications.

This object is achieved due to the fact that in the known method of stimulation of osteoreparative after osteosynthesis, is the impact on biologically active points of the electric current, according to the invention, the effects of lead on biologically active points No. 108, 109, 115 and 116 AC power 15-30 µa with a frequency of 8 Hz excitation technique with pulse duration of the electric current of positive and negative polarities in the ratio of 1:1 for 2 minutes per day and the rate of exposure to 7 days.

To clarify the essence of the proposed method presents a drawing with osteological BATH the dog, where:

108 - cranial to the lateral and medial surfaces of the distal epiphysis of the femur, proximal the knee joint, symmetrical;

109 - at the junction of the ridges block femur proximally kneecap;

115 - Caudalie on the medial surface of the tibia, proximal, zaplatnogo joint;

116 - on the lateral edge of the distal end of the tibia Caudalie clippings for the fibula.

Electrostimulation of osteorepair in dogs after osteosynthesis according to the proposed method is carried out with the help of the device is electro-acupuncture-type PERT-5. Maximum current reaches zero resistance up to 500 μa, and the minimum current exposure is 10 µa. The primary power source battery type ″Krona, with a voltage of 9 Century

Example 1. Female outbred at the age of 4 years with a live weight of 22 kg Diagnosed with a direct fracture of the lower third of the femur. Conducted intramedullary osteosynthesis of the damaged bone. In the postoperative period with the help of the device erpt-5 conducted impact on osteoraptor damaged bones through BAT No. 108 and 109. With the aim of creating conditions for stable conductivity coat on the localization of the BAT No. 108, 109 and in the place of fixation of the negative electrode was vestigal, shaved and moderately watered isotonic sodium chloride solution. The dog was placed on a wooden table, after which the negative electrode was fixed metal clip on the inguinal crease and the positive electrode by touch to the skin with moderate pressure in the localization BAHT damaged bone. Then moved initial current changeable polarity (frequency 8 Hz) power 15 µa. The current strength during its gradual increase was determined by the emergence of anxiety dogs - amperage not exceeding 0,95 individual units of the threshold.

Electrical stimulation of receptors BAHT skin No. 108 and 109 were the only exciting reception (duration impulse the electric current of positive and negative polarities in the ratio 1:1) 1 time per day during the duration of one session of not more than 2 minutes and the course of action - 7 days.

The result was installed strengthening the biological functions that help restore the integrity of damaged bones dog with an intense formation of callus.

Example 2. Male mongrel at the age of 5 years with a live weight of 25 kg Diagnosed with an oblique fracture of the middle third of the Shin bone. Conducted intramedullary osteosynthesis of the tibia. In the postoperative period the stimulation of reparative processes was carried out according to the above scheme, but influenced osteoraptor damaged bones through BAT No. 115 and 116. According to individual sensitivity threshold current was 30 mA.

The proposed method was successfully applied after performing osteosynthesis treatment 19 dogs on the basis of the diagnostic and treatment veterinary center Orlovsky HAU (see table). The method allows to reduce the time spent on the stimulation of osteoreparative to 2 minutes.

In addition, as a result of application of the proposed method are as follows:

- elimination of redundant irritation BAHT in dogs;

- prevention of anxiety dogs during the stimulation and making them dislike this therapeutic procedure;

- prevent ″closing points";

- reduced costs of medications;

- shortening repair of bone.

Table 1Impact on osteoraptorThe number of dogs subjected to electrical stimulation after osteosynthesisCases of anxiety dogsCases ″closing pointsThe proposed method19--Known191911

As can be seen from the table, the proposed method is more effective than known. When the electrical stimulation of osteoreparative the proposed method cases anxiety in dogs and ″close spots were not observed.

The method of stimulation of osteoreparative after osteosynthesis in dogs, including the impact on biologically active points (BAP) electric current, characterized in that the impact of implementing electric power 15 to 30 μa and a frequency of 8 Hz with a pulse duration of the electric current of positive and negative polarities in the ratio of 1:1, for 2 min, 1 time per day, while the fracture bedranol bones affect BAHT No. 108 and 109, and when the fracture tibia affect BAHT No. 115 and 116, the rate of exposure 7 days.



 

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2 ex, 2 tbl

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1 tbl

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1 dwg, 1 ex, 1 tbl

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2 ex, 2 tbl

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5 dwg

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