Complex aircraft trainer

FIELD: aircraft trainers; training aircraft pilots under varying flight conditions.

SUBSTANCE: proposed complex trainer has set of onboard aircraft equipment connected with simulating unit of onboard equipment systems by two-way coupling, aircraft motion dynamics simulating unit, instructor's unit and data base unit including data exchange units whose inputs are respectively separate inputs of data pack router, K system representation units, K units showing representation of objects, dispatcher of trainer missions whose separate inputs are connected with trainer configurator and trainer mission protective unit. Second input-output of onboard equipment simulating unit, inputs-output aircraft motion dynamics simulating unit, instructor's unit, data base unit, K units for submitting representation , K units showing representation of objects and third input-output of trainer mission dispatcher are connected with separate inputs-outputs of data pack router.

EFFECT: extended functional capabilities of trainer; enhanced stability of trainer missions to failure.

10 cl, 5 dwg

 

The invention relates to the field of exercise equipment designed to teach the management of vehicles, and can be used for education and training of aircraft pilots during a single flight, when the flight was part of a group of homogeneous aircraft or in a joint interaction with heterogeneous vehicles.

Known simulators for training transport: plane (EN 2191432 C1 IPC 7 G 09 B 9/08, 2002); helicopter (EN 10479 U1, IPC G 09 B 9/08, 1999; EN 2219587 C1 IPC 7 G 09 B 9/08, F 41 G 3/00, 2003; EN 2230371 C2, IPC 7 G 09 B 9/46), and unified multi-functional aviation simulator (EN 2087037 C1 IPC 6 G 09 B 9/08).

The disadvantage of these simulators is the lack of efficiency in the system of training of flight personnel due to insufficient versatility and low proximity to the actual conditions of aircraft operation.

Closest to the claimed invention to the technical essence and the achieved result is a device for performing a training flight under the patent (RU 2156501 C1 IPC 7 G 09 B 9/08). In an aircraft are the real controls of aircraft, its units and systems or simulators of these controls with sensors connected to an onboard means of objective control and on-Board computing machines, device download the key controls, device presenting audio information, the screens behind-cabin display visual information screens display hardware. The aircraft via a device associated with the computing machine. In the computing machine is the equipment that provides implementation training: a device generating a behind-cabin visual environment, the imaging unit panels hardware, block modeling of acoustic effects, the signal processing unit, the block database training flight, the block of data exchange. If you are group training flight, all aircraft are equipped with the equipment necessary to run group training flight. To run group training flight you can use one of the computing machine. Each aircraft placed in it equipment must be connected to an automatic data processing machine through individual device.

The specified device provides performance training flight in a real aircraft, which makes it impossible for its application in the premises of the training centre. In addition, all transactions on signal processing and modeling in this device are executed in a single computer the machine, that reduces the reliability of his work.

The problem to which this invention is directed, is the creation of a simulator, which provides an isolated and joint training of pilots of different types and modifications of aircraft.

The technical result of the invention is expressed in expanding the functionality of the simulator and resilience to failures fitness goals through building simulator according to the principle of distributed computing based on the representation of objects and the possibility of rapid changes in the configuration of the simulator.

Tasked with achieving the above-mentioned technical result is achieved due to complex simulator aircraft (CTVS)containing the set of airborne equipment aircraft (AC), coupled two-way communication with the block modeling of airborne equipment aircraft, block modelling the dynamics of motion of the aircraft, the unit instructor and unit databases, entered the router data packets containing blocks of data exchange, the inputs of which are respectively separate inputs of the router packet data blocks To the system representation of objects, units of presentation system representations, Manager of training tasks, to separate inputs of which are connected to the Configurator simulator and the lock protection training tasks the second input-output modeling block the movement of the sun, the inputs and outputs of the block modeling of the dynamics of aircraft movement, unit instructor, block database, It blocks the system representation of objects, units of presentation system representation of objects, and the third input-output Manager training tasks connected with separate inputs and outputs of the router packet data.

The problem is solved also by the fact that:

the block system view object contains the control unit, the first input-output which is the input of the unit system representation of objects, and the second input-output through a router connected to separate inputs-outputs N block form a system of representations, the inputs and outputs of which are connected with N separate inputs-outputs of the block generation system representation of objects, N+1 input-output of which is connected to the N+1 input-output router;

It blocks the system represent objects generate the model, visual, aural, Protocol and instructor views of objects;

To block filing system view objects implement the model, visual, aural, Protocol and instructor views of objects;

unit instructor contains the command block of the instructor, the first input-output of which is conducted by the input-output unit instructor and the second input-output connected to the inputs-outputs of the block editing exercises and unit monitoring exercises.

In addition, the block database contains a combination of the following databases: database of exercises, the database classes modeled objects, map database of parts of the simulation, the visual database of parameters of interest, the database of the audio object parameters, the database of operational parameters of the aircraft, database parameters, meteorological conditions, aeronautical database environment, database failures of airborne equipment aircraft database standard geographical models, database models number of coordinates.

Set airborne equipment aircraft can replicate the appearance and location of items of equipment in the cockpit of a real aircraft.

In another embodiment, the controls included in the set of equipment of the aircraft, placed in the regular version, and instrumentation equipment is made in the form of simulators that are displayed on the screens, which are made in the form of active touch monitors.

The problem is solved also by the fact that the input-output unit presenting a visual representation of the objects connected to the input-output block the visual representation of objects.

The invention illustri the : drawings, showing:

figure 1 - structural electrical diagram of the inventive CTS;

figure 2 is a structural circuit diagram of the block system representations;

figure 3 is a structural circuit diagram of the block instructor;

figure 4 - block diagram of the algorithm Configurator simulator;

figure 5 - structural electrical embodiments of the inventive CTS.

CTS kit contains 1 airborne equipment aircraft, coupled two-way communication with unit 2 modeling of airborne equipment aircraft, unit 3 modeling the dynamics of aircraft movement, block 4 instructor, unit 5 database, the router 6 data packets containing blocks of data exchange, the inputs of which are respectively separate entrances router 6 data packets, blocks 7 system view objects To blocks 8 filing system representations, Manager 10 fitness challenges, to separate inputs of which are connected Configurator 9 trainer, and the block 11 protection training tasks. The second input-output unit 2 modeling of airborne equipment aircraft, the input-output unit 3 modeling the dynamics of aircraft movement, block 4 instructor, unit 5 database blocks To 7 system view objects To blocks 8 filing system representation of objects, and the third input-output the var is written 10 fitness challenges connected with separate inputs and outputs of the router 6 packets of data.

Unit 4 instructor contains the block 4-1 commands of the instructor, the first input-output which is the input-output unit 4 of the instructor, and the second input-output connected to the inputs-outputs of the block 4-2 editing exercises and block 4-3 monitoring exercises.

Unit 4 instructor provides management blocks of the simulator, editing exercises, monitoring the progress of the exercise, change the exercises in the training process, the playback parameters of the exercise.

Each block 7 system view object contains the control block 12, the first input-output which is the input-output unit 7 system representation of objects, and the second input-output through the router 13 is connected to separate inputs-outputs N block form a system of representations, the inputs and outputs of which are connected with N separate input-output unit 14 generate a system representation of objects, N+1 input-output of which is connected to the N+1 input-output router.

Unit 11 protection training tasks provides the use of the supplied machine only licensed training tasks, as well as protection against unauthorized launch.

Set 1 airborne equipment aircraft included in the equipment operator's and unit 4 instructor in the composition of the workplace and is structure.

Declare CTVS can be implemented on IBM PC compatible computers connected in local area network.

Fitness goals can be implemented on the basis of computer programs, the holder of which is JSC "Transas", for example the CP No. 2004611869 "Navigational fitness complex" Transas Navi-Trainer Professional 4000", 2004; CP "Generalized mathematical model of the dynamics of motion of the helicopter for trainer (DHTRoot)", 2004; CP "Visualization of digital terrain models" (Aurora Viewer), 2004; CP "building a digital terrain model" (Aurora Builder), 2004.

In the framework of this invention the following definitions are used.

Both physical and software point of view, the simulator is a set of simulation objects.

Each object belongs to a certain class. The object class defines a set of statistical data stored in the database object classes. In the framework of the modeling systems for each object is generated and presented to their view.

Objects operate in the area. Statistical data area stored in a database of cartographic representations of parts of the simulation. For the district as and for the object views are created. When views are created on all systems.

The position of the object is one of the most important condition is. Under the position of the object is three dimensional (latitude, longitude, and altitude) and three angular (roll, pitch, and yaw) of the coordinates and their derivatives.

The fitness challenge is a program written according to certain rules, and are responsible for some of the systemic idea of the objects.

Exercise is a set of data that includes the area of modeling, the list of simulated objects, the initial state and the desired behavior.

Gym session - interaction task group of the simulator (in the limit of a single task), United synchronous current model time.

The configuration of the simulator - assign training tasks and their parameters with the distribution of the blocks.

Each of the blocks 7 system representations depending on its installation solves one of the types of system representations.

When the block 7 model representation of objects unit provides an insight into the object position in the current model time.

Unit 7 the formation of the instructor's view of interest forms for unit 4 instructor cartographic representations of objects:

for drawing the e-card;

slowly changing parts of the exercise (contour weather zones, routes, moving objects, checking heights and depths, the cat who are not included in the static map);

quickly and smoothly varying parts of the exercise (the path of moving objects).

When the block 7 is a visual representation of the objects in the block creates a visual environment whose elements are (in descending order of importance) visual scene area, three-dimensional models of objects exercises with the movement of the point of view of the observer, the surface of the sea, sky, sun, moon, fog, clouds, etc.

When the block 7 sound object representation unit synthesizes an audio representation of the simulated objects with regard to the movements of the observer.

When the block 7 of the Protocol representation of an object block provides for the formation of social representations to record the state parameters of interest in the process of the exercise and playback progress of the exercise.

Unit 2 modeling of airborne equipment interfaces with a set of 1 on-Board equipment and a simulation of the onboard systems and equipment of the aircraft in various embodiments of the kit 1 airborne equipment.

Unit 3 modeling flight dynamics of the aircraft provides the simulation of the dynamics of the spatial motion of the sun, its power plant, control systems, aircraft and air signals. Modeling to the specific aircraft is provided by specifying as input information, characterizing the scheme SU, mass, geometric and aerodynamic parameters of the aircraft; the power plant parameters; the structure of the control system and air data signals.

In block 5 databases stored database, necessary for the formation of a system of representations.

Blocks 8 filing system representation of objects depending on their installation, perform one of the types of filing system view objects (model, sound, visual, etc). Depending on the current training tasks unit 8 presentation of the visual representation of objects can be performed both on the flat and collimation scheme. Projection mapping provides the greatest angles up to spherical. If necessary, practice the skills of visual determination of velocity and size remote (>6 m) of interest, it is advisable to use a reflecting optical display device.

CTS works as follows.

The operation of the simulator controls instructor with unit 4 of the instructor.

The work begins with an analysis of job training on the basis of which is selected a list of required training tasks.

The Configurator 9 trainer, on the basis of a list of training tasks, produces assign training tasks, installing them p the parameters and the distribution of fitness tasks in blocks of the simulator. The block diagram of the algorithm Configurator 9 of the simulator, shown in figure 4.

After completing the configuration of the simulator is run Manager 10 fitness challenges, which transfers the blocks of the simulator appointed fitness goals. On the blocks of the simulator run registered Manager 10 software modules that define the specific function blocks.

Instructor-based job training creates in the block 4-2 new exercise or edit a previously created. Each exercise contains data about the area of modeling, the list of simulated objects, the initial state and the desired behavior.

The instructor runs a gym session. For definiteness we will assume that happened installation 7 blocks to perform the following predefined views: the unit 7-1 model, block 7-2 instructor, block 7-3 - visual, block 7-4 - sound, block 7-5 Protocol. For simulated objects within each of the blocks 7 are representations of objects. These views can get data from the object and transmit data in the objects. The interaction between the blocks of the simulator and the reference to unit 5 database occurs through the blocks of data sharing router 6 packets of data.

Source modeling is the position of an object in space. Unit 7-1 model what about the representation of objects transmits data about the positions of objects in space all fitness goals. Unit 7-2 instructor representations of objects gives you the cartographic representations of the objects in block 4 of the instructor, in accordance with which the object icon will be moved to the desired location on the map screen unit 4-3 monitoring exercises. Block 7-3 visual representation of objects will generate the data to move the image to the desired location and in the desired position and change the position of the observer, if it is associated with a moving object. Block 7-4 audio representation of an object generates sound signals of the object with respect to the direction to the object, the distance to the object, the state of the atmosphere. Block 7-5 Protocol view will record the position of the object and its internal state in the Protocol during the exercise. If the object you want to change the status, for example to produce the chassis, the unit 7-1 model representation will provide the calculation of the position of the chassis and will pass these provisions in other views. Block 7-3 visual representation of the object generates a new "picture". Block 7-5 Protocol object representation records the position of the chassis in the Protocol, etc.

Blocks 8 filing system view objects create the corresponding components of the image objects generated by the system view.

CTS can solve the training problem, which definition is controlled by kit 1 airborne equipment aircraft included in its composition.

When selling 1 package of airborne equipment aircraft, repeating the appearance and location of items of equipment in the cockpit of a real aircraft, XVT solves the following training objectives for the specific aircraft type and modifications:

initial pilot training with regard to tactile sensations;

the skills of the operation of onboard systems;

performing a training instrument flight day or night in simple and adverse weather conditions;

the solution of navigation problems;

maintain visual orientation;

to test interaction and technology work crew members;

develop objectives flight and tactical training with the use of standard weapons;

the working out of action for failure of equipment, systems, devices.

practicing in difficult and emergency situations;

ergonomic optimization of equipment, information and control fields of the cab;

investigation of the influence of human factor on the accuracy and efficiency of the performed procedures.

When implementing controls included in the kit is 1 of the equipment of the armed forces, in the standard version, and hardware in the form of simulators that are displayed on the screens, solve the same tasks, only without tactile sensations. However, this implementation option 1 package allows training on various modifications of aircraft of the same type without replacement kit 1 on-Board equipment of the aircraft.

The simulator may further comprise a block simulation of acceleration effects, including platform to install kit 1 airborne equipment aircraft as part of a real cockpit, equipped with a control unit and connected to the router 6 packets of data.

If necessary, the organization of group training process several of the aircraft or of aircraft and vehicles of other species (e.g., ships) in KTVS you must enter the avionics equipment of the respective funds.

The presence of the Configurator 7 Manager 10 allows you to change the configuration of the simulator as a new type of aircraft, and for group use of vehicles that extends the functionality of the simulator.

When execution of the block 7-1 visual representation of objects in multi-channel, which is required, for example, when used as a screen display of behind-cabin environment unit 8-1 spherical screen, there is a need to transfer large amounts of data through the router 6 data packets. To reduce the amount of circulating data packets variant implementation CTS, in which the input-output unit 8-1 visual representation of objects connected directly to the input-output unit 7-1 visual representation of the object (see figure 5).

Building KTVS on the principle of raspredelennyh calculations on the basis of representations implies a complete lack of software modules in blocks 7 and 8 of the simulator, allows you to flexibly allocate a fitness task, which provides flexibility work and increases the reliability of the simulator as a whole. In case of failure of one of the training tasks that were performed on one of the blocks of simulator training tasks can be reconfigured using the Configurator 9 and run by the scheduler 10 on the other blocks.

Thus, a comprehensive simulator of the aircraft is performed in accordance with the present invention provides isolated and joint training of pilots, has enhanced functionality and improved resistance to failure training tasks.

1. Integrated simulator of the aircraft, containing a set of airborne equipment aircraft, coupled two-way communication with the block modeling of airborne equipment aircraft, block modelling the dynamics of motion of the aircraft, the unit instructor and unit databases, characterized in that it introduced the router data packets containing blocks of data exchange, the inputs of which are respectively separate inputs of the router packet data blocks To the system representation of objects, units of presentation system representations, Manager of training tasks, to separate inputs of which are connected to the Configurator simulator and protection block TREN is jernih tasks the second input-output unit modeling of airborne equipment aircraft, the inputs and outputs of the block modeling of the dynamics of aircraft movement, unit instructor, block database, It blocks the system representation of objects, units of presentation system representation of objects, and the third input-output Manager training tasks connected with separate inputs and outputs of the router packet data.

2. The simulator according to claim 1, characterized in that the block system view object contains the control unit, the first input-output which is the input of the unit system representation of objects, and the second input-output through a router connected to separate inputs-outputs N block form a system of representations, the inputs and outputs of which are connected with N separate inputs-outputs of the block generation system representation of objects, N+1 input-output of which is connected to the N+1 input-output router.

3. The simulator according to claim 1, characterized in that It blocks the system represent objects generate the model, visual, aural, Protocol and card representations.

4. The simulator according to claim 1, characterized in that It blocks the filing system view objects implement the model, visual, aural, Protocol and card representations.

5. The trainer is about to claim 1, characterized in that the block instructor contains the command block of the instructor, the first input-output which is the input-output unit instructor, and the second input-output connected to the inputs-outputs of the block editing exercises and unit monitoring exercises.

6. The simulator according to claim 1, characterized in that the block database contains a combination of the following databases: database of exercises, the database classes modeled objects, map database of parts of the simulation, the visual database of parameters of interest, the database of the audio object parameters, the database of operational parameters of the aircraft, database parameters, meteorological conditions, aeronautical database environment, database failures of airborne equipment aircraft database standard geographical models, database models number of coordinates.

7. The simulator according to claim 1, wherein the set of aircraft equipment aircraft replicates the appearance and location of items of equipment in the cockpit of a real aircraft.

8. The simulator according to claim 1, characterized in that the controls included in the set of equipment of the aircraft, placed in the regular version, and instrumentation equipment is made in the form of simulators that are displayed on the screens.

9. TREN is a SAC of claim 8, characterized in that the screens are made in the form of active touch monitors.

10. The simulator according to claim 1, characterized in that the input unit presenting a visual representation of the objects connected to the output of the visual representation of objects.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: engineering of imitation equipment means for professional preparation of piloting crew.

SUBSTANCE: to achieve technical effect, aircraft cabin in unified training machine for piloting and technical personnel is made in form of model of cabin with interior, matching real cabin of an aircraft. Cabin is made of constructive blocks, containing control, monitoring and indication organs, positioned in places and in order, appropriate for their position in real cabin of an aircraft. Computerized control system module is made in form of distributed computing system, consisting of n+1 system blocks of personal computers, communication block, block for imitation of systems and equipment and network distributor block, and is provided with at least one program block, providing for preparation of technical and piloting personnel for performing control and preparation procedures of systems and equipment of aircraft prior to execution of flight mission. Procedural training machine is provided with microcontroller system, made in form of system of distributed controllers and having a main controller, positioned in constructive blocks of aircraft cabin model. Microcontrollers of constructive blocks of aircraft cabin model are connected by local area network, controlled by aforementioned main controller, connected to computerized control system and connecting computerized control system to microcontroller system.

EFFECT: expanded functional capabilities.

9 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: tool-making industry, possible use for engineering aviation training machines, in particular, devices for imitating surrounding environment.

SUBSTANCE: device contains screen for projecting image, stereoscopic video-projecting block and stereo-goggles, equipped with native devices for separating image for each eye of trainee. Stereoscopic video-projecting block contains one stereoscopic video projector for each one of N trainees. All image separation devices are additionally provided with light gate image splitting devices, inputs of which are connected to output of control block, made with possible providing of signals for opening image of given duration for each trainee.

EFFECT: possible simultaneous training of several crew members, while forming a separate stereoscopic image for each trainee, appropriate for particularities of real flight conditions and visual system.

2 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: aeronautical engineering; vocational training of pilot personnel and ground services pertaining to flight control.

SUBSTANCE: proposed system includes computer complex. Central server of this complex is connected in parallel with functionally-oriented servers of local nets. Local nets connect computer complex with working positions of trainee and specialists: pilots, instructor, flight director, landing zone director, ground control group and inspector. Provision is made for operator's position for servicing the computer complex. Storage of central server contains base array of initial data, real process simulating unit with simulating devices and trainee monitoring unit.

EFFECT: maximum realistic conditions in training pilot personnel.

5 cl, 10 dwg

FIELD: simulation equipment for vocational training of pilot personnel.

SUBSTANCE: proposed complex includes expert system with data base and logic output machine, unit for identification of state and configuration of flying vehicle, flight mode unit, emergency situation identification unit and emergency situation development forecast unit.

EFFECT: extended functional capabilities.

1 dwg

Test site // 2263869

FIELD: rocketry; a test site used for complex seminatural modeling analysis of operation of the air and space objects.

SUBSTANCE: the invention is pertaining to the field of rocketry and may be used at a complex seminatural model-based analysis of the air and space objects operation. The substance of the invention consists that the test site contains a guidance head, a dynamic stand of modeling of the a guidance head angular motion and the target radio-simulator, which is supplied with two platforms located on both sides of a semi-sphere with a mirror symmetry in respect to each other and pressed by the magnetic force to each other. The platforms are capable to move on the semi-sphere in any direction. The trajectory of the platforms motion is determined by a control unit of seminatural model-based analysis of operation of the guidance head. On the platform located on the inner side of the semi-sphere there is an emitter of a signal, which is emitting a signal directed to the side of the guidance head. So it imitates relocation of the target. The guidance head receives the emitted signal and using the dynamic stand of modeling of the guidance head angular motion conduct tracking of relocation of the emitter, which then is analyzed. Realization of the invention allows to decrease the labor input, materials consumption at manufacture of the test site, and also to simplify its operation.

EFFECT: the invention allows to decrease the labor input, materials consumption at manufacture of the test site, and also to simplify its operation.

1 dwg, 2 ex

FIELD: testing equipment.

SUBSTANCE: system additionally has serially connected differentiator and amplifier. Amplifier output is connected to second control input of controlled limiting amplifiers, and differentiator input is connected to computer output.

EFFECT: higher precision.

2 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: simulation technique for training flight personnel.

SUBSTANCE: proposed training complex includes combat trainer, aircraft simulators and integral system for objective monitoring and estimation of personnel training. Simulator has controls and display systems in trainee and instructor cabins, power plant and systems for starting and monitoring this plant, flight parameter sensors, onboard module of integrated monitoring system and integrated complex of onboard equipment. Integrated monitoring system includes automated working position for operator, equipment for its functioning, recording systems and systems for planning ground and flight training, estimation of level of training and analysis of condition of training equipment.

EFFECT: extended functional capabilities.

2 cl, 1 dwg

Attraction-trainer // 2250510

FIELD: training sportsmen and pilot personnel.

SUBSTANCE: proposed attraction-trainer includes rocker arm mounted on bearing bed plate and provided with counter-weight on one side and with dummy flying vehicle and electric motor on other side. Rocker arm is mounted for rotation around vertical axis and swinging around horizontal axis; it is provided with balancing mechanism. Dummy flying vehicle is made in form of cascade stabilizing helicopter mounted on rocker arm by means of articulation and provided with propelling device, main rotor for example, tail boom, stabilizer system mounted on transversal beam with synchronization mechanism, articulations of directional, longitudinal and lateral control; they are connected with directional control pedal and longitudinal and lateral control stick.

EFFECT: increased degree of freedom; extended range of flight modes.

12 dwg

Piloted simulator // 2249856

FIELD: aeronautical engineering; training flight personnel in maneuvering, performance of combat mission and higher aerobatics.

SUBSTANCE: proposed piloted simulator includes aircraft cabin equipped with indicators showing parameters of motion and power plant, sensors of control members and visualization system of aircraft spatial motion, computer system with two aircraft spatial motion modules, two modules of power plant dynamics, planning module with initial flight condition and assigned maneuver unit and control lever regulation law unit, assigned flight trajectory visualization module, module for estimation of quality of flight performed by pilot and monitor. Planning of flight is prepared in accordance with instructions for flight operation of aircraft; planning includes flight mission for performing the maneuver. In planning, altitude, speed, heading of flight and time of performing the assigned maneuver are indicated. Piloted simulator makes it possible to create "image" of flight, thus facilitating performance of assigned maneuver by pilot under real conditions.

EFFECT: enhanced accuracy of control and safety of flight.

3 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: simulation of acoustic (noise) and vibration loads corresponding to real flight conditions during takeoff run, alighting run and flight at critical angle of attack and considerable clouds.

SUBSTANCE: proposed seat has base whose struts are mounted on shock-absorbing supports and vibration and noise exciting mechanisms. Base is made in form of truncated pyramid with rigid lateral walls and upper and lower flanges secured on base. Upper flange is made in form of rigid shield with smoothly distributed perforations; lower flange is provided with air intake hole. Vibration and noise exciting mechanisms are made in form of dynamic loudspeaker whose horn is directed towards upper flange and is made integral with separating diaphragm provided with central outlet hole; its inlet is connected with setting unit of computer complex. Upper flange and lateral walls of base may be covered with casing made from airtight material.

EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.

2 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: measuring engineering.

SUBSTANCE: method comprises manufacturing articles from various parts of the blanc, measuring their temperature elongation with the use of the interferometric dilatometer, and determining characteristics of irregularity of temperature coefficient of linear expansion. The characteristics of irregularity are determined by comparing the results of measurements for individual objects. The bottom reflecting member of the interferometer is made of the blank to be studied so that it has bearing face, reflecting surface, and height less than that of the blank. The bottom reflecting member and blank bear on the single plane by their bearing faces.

EFFECT: enhanced accuracy.

3 cl, 3 dwg

The invention relates to a simulator, and specifically to optical-electrical systems simulate the external environment, and can be used to visualize the picture of the surrounding space, presented to the driver in the course of learning driving skills and control of tracked vehicle

The invention relates to an aircraft, in particular to a device that provides the opportunity to monitor the area outside world, which is not visible from the workplace of the pilot

FIELD: measuring engineering.

SUBSTANCE: method comprises manufacturing articles from various parts of the blanc, measuring their temperature elongation with the use of the interferometric dilatometer, and determining characteristics of irregularity of temperature coefficient of linear expansion. The characteristics of irregularity are determined by comparing the results of measurements for individual objects. The bottom reflecting member of the interferometer is made of the blank to be studied so that it has bearing face, reflecting surface, and height less than that of the blank. The bottom reflecting member and blank bear on the single plane by their bearing faces.

EFFECT: enhanced accuracy.

3 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: aircraft trainers; training aircraft pilots under varying flight conditions.

SUBSTANCE: proposed complex trainer has set of onboard aircraft equipment connected with simulating unit of onboard equipment systems by two-way coupling, aircraft motion dynamics simulating unit, instructor's unit and data base unit including data exchange units whose inputs are respectively separate inputs of data pack router, K system representation units, K units showing representation of objects, dispatcher of trainer missions whose separate inputs are connected with trainer configurator and trainer mission protective unit. Second input-output of onboard equipment simulating unit, inputs-output aircraft motion dynamics simulating unit, instructor's unit, data base unit, K units for submitting representation , K units showing representation of objects and third input-output of trainer mission dispatcher are connected with separate inputs-outputs of data pack router.

EFFECT: extended functional capabilities of trainer; enhanced stability of trainer missions to failure.

10 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: physics.

SUBSTANCE: invention concerns working-capacity control devices for aviation sighting and monitoring video systems, as well as for flight personnel training. The said device consists of collimator tube, bracket with prism, and light filter fixed at the exit face of collimator tube. Collimator tube includes cylindrical case with an objective lens at its exit end, and a running head attached by a slide to the entrance end face of cylindrical case with two horizontal guide rails. Ring seat of the running head has a grade rod inside, with illumination lamp in front of the rod. L-type bracket with a linear actuator is fixed at the outer side of running head. Grade rod consists of two clamping glasses and a removable slide, and is moving against the optic axis of the collimator tube.

EFFECT: higher reliability of working-capacity control of aviation sighting system video monitoring and application of working-capacity control as flight personnel training equipment.

4 dwg

FIELD: physics.

SUBSTANCE: simulator has a system of onboard equipment, a simulator configurator and an instructor unit, data base unit, vehicle system simulation unit, vehicle behaviour simulation unit, training task controller and vision aids, all interconnected through a router. The simulator also has a manual control unit, an environment dynamic simulation unit, a tactical situation simulation unit and a module for adjusting visual models. The vision aids are made in form of a set of visual model units depending on the number of students, each consisting of a certain set of models for visual presentation of a fixed field of view and modules for producing visual presentation of the fixed field of view.

EFFECT: possibility of creating a visual environment for each student, equivalent to the real environment and created taking into account a specific task and position of the student on the simulator which is an imitation of the student's real position on a ship.

5 dwg

FIELD: games.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to area of training and entertainment. Game manipulators with elements of vehicle control, including steering wheel and pedals, are connected to personal computer. System of compressed air supply control for development of counter-current flow of air is connected to analogue-digital converter and comprises compressor or fan. Analogue-digital converter controls change of compressor or fan drive electric motor rotation frequency, and compressor or fan may inject air along a system of pipelines into reverses and change speed of movement of air, outgoing from electromagnet valves. Reverses are arranged at the front and at the sides relative to driver. Change of air motion speed is carried out depending on change of vehicle motion speed, which is done by acting at control elements. Analogue-digital converter also controls opening and closing of receiver electromagnet valves as vehicle motion direction changes depending on position of steering wheel.

EFFECT: invention provides for a fuller transfusion of actual vehicle driver feelings to a person, when imitating motion of this vehicle.

3 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: physics.

SUBSTANCE: according to the method, a coating with a circular shape formed on at least one test area is periodically rolled by wheels. The area comprises the following units - a stand with at least one pair of radially directed structures, kinematically linked with a propulsion device, which functionally form a dynamic system, a stand control centre lying in the central part of the area of a base platform on which there is drive installation, commutatively linked to the control centre and kinematically linked to the propulsion device of the working structures. The propulsion device is structurally and technically adapted to ensure rotational motion of said structures. Each structure of the stand includes a dynamic unit fitted with a cowling and a wheel, placed with possibility of dynamic action on the coating during its rolling, and a basic unit adapted to kinematically communicate with the dynamic unit and the propulsion device. The dynamic unit used is the front suspension of a vehicle. The kinematic connection of each basic unit of working structures of the stand with the dynamic unit is provided through an additional removable unit, and with the propulsion device - through hinges. The basic and additional units of the working structures are fitted with cowlings. The stand is fitted with apparatus for smooth braking and acceleration. The weight of all of the said links of each working structure, including cowlings, is selected based on the condition of ensuring the value of the dynamic load on the side of the wheel of the dynamic unit on the road surface which is similar to the load value provided by the wheel of the vehicle in real conditions. Structural modifications and versions are disclosed.

EFFECT: high accuracy of investigation results and high efficiency.

28 cl, 5 dwg

Up!