Gas-turbine engine

FIELD: mechanical engineering; gas turbine engines.

SUBSTANCE: proposed gas-turbine engine contains housing with fitted-in shaft, compressor, combustion chamber, turbine and fuel preparation and delivery system. Housing is provided into cover sealing its inlet. Fuel preparation and delivery system is made in form of electrolyzer with supply of direct current to guide and working blades of compressor. Pumping device and nozzle with cavitator of fuel preparation and delivery system are made to feed and atomize water solution of electrolyte in electrolyzer. Compressor is made for building vacuum in seal part of housing and decomposition of water into hydrogen and oxygen under action of direct current passing through electrolyte.

EFFECT: reduced consumption of fuel, no adverse effect on environment.

2 cl, 2 dwg

 

The invention relates to aircraft engine industry, in particular for gas turbine engines, and can be widely used in engines for various purposes.

Known gas turbine engine (GTE) - thermal machine designed to convert energy of combustion into kinetic energy of the jet stream and (or) mechanical work on the motor shaft. The main elements of the CCD are the compressor, the combustor and the gas turbine. For used oil fuel. (Largest N.M. and other Short dictionary of aviation terms. - M.: Izd-vo MAI, 1992)

The disadvantage of this engine is the high operating costs for fuel oil and high toxicity of exhaust gases.

Closest to the proposed invention is a gas turbine engine, comprising a housing and placed in it the shaft, the compressor with the guides and the rotor blades, a combustion chamber with flame tube and igniting device, the turbine with deployme and the rotor blades and the preparation system and fuel supply. For operation of the engine used oil fuel. (A.S. USSR №1329280, F 02 K 3/00, 30.04.1992,)

The disadvantage of the nearest equivalent is the high operating costs for fuel oil and high toxicity of exhaust gases.

The technical problem to be solved by offering the first invention, is to improve the efficiency and environmental friendliness of the gas turbine engine is in operation.

The problem is solved in that in the gas turbine engine, comprising a housing and placed in it the shaft, the compressor with the guides and the rotor blades, a combustion chamber with flame tube and igniting device, the turbine with deployme and the rotor blades and the preparation system and fuel supply. The case is made with a sealing its entrance cover, for example, removable, mounted on bolts. Cooking system and fuel supply is made in the form of the cell formed by the liner, a constant electric current to guides and working blades of the compressor. Moreover, the pumping device and the injector cooking and fuel is made to flow and atomization of the electrolyte (aqueous solution of electrolyte, for example an aqueous solution of caustic potassium into the cell. When the compressor is configured to create a vacuum in the sealed part of the body and the decomposition of water into hydrogen and oxygen by passing a constant electric current through the electrolyte. Thus the nozzle may have a cavitator, made in the form of local necking her channel.

The essence of the invention shown in the drawings, in which: figure 1 is an engine that converts the energy of combustion that is greater in the work on the shaft; figure 2 - the energy of the jet stream.

An example of implementation of the proposed solution.

Gas turbine engine includes a housing 1 (1-2) with sealing its entrance cap 2, for example, mounted on the bolt 3, and placed in it the shaft. System preparation and supply of fuel, in the form of cell 4, formed by the liner, a constant electric current of a and B to guides 5 and work 6 blades of the compressor 7. Moreover, the pumping device (not shown) and the nozzle 8 system preparation and supply of fuel is made to flow and atomization of the electrolyte (aqueous solution of electrolyte in the electrolyzer, and the nozzle may have a cavitator, made in the form of local necking her channel (not shown). The combustion chamber 9 with the flame tube and igniting device 10. Turbine deployme 11 and work 12 blades.

Gas turbine engine operates as follows.

Before starting the engine for the cell 4 - on guides 5 and 6 working blades of the compressor 7, which serve as electrodes of the cell 4, lines a and B fall constant electric current. The work of the guides 5 and 6 working of compressor blades 7 in a sealed cover 2 of the housing 1 in a vacuum. Pumping device, such as a plunger, through the nozzle 8 with the cavitator in the form of local necking E. the channel (not shown), under pressure, for example, 2 MPa delivers the electrolyte, for example an aqueous solution of caustic potassium in the cell 4. In the cavitator nozzle 8 through the pressure drop and increase the speed of the electrolyte leads to dissociation and tonausea the atomization of droplets of electrolyte in the cell 4. Then sprayed electrolyte guides 5 and 6 working blades of the compressor 7 is compressed and due to the flow of direct current through the electrolyte causes electrolysis is the decomposition of water into hydrogen and oxygen. Received and compressed in the compressor 7 hydrogen-oxygen mixture flows into the combustion chamber 9. Received in the combustion chamber 9, the mixture is ignited by an igniting device 10. Further, the combustion products are expanded in the nozzle 11 and 12 of the turbine blades, making the work. The decomposition of water into oxygen and hydrogen is subjected to a small part of the electrolyte, the rest of it turns into water vapor. Due to the fact that in the presence of water vapour, hydrogen and oxygen are slightly impossible explosion of detonating gas in the compressor.

The proposed gas turbine engine in operation is highly efficient, environmentally friendly and safe. Will be widely used as the power plant for different types of vehicles.

1. Gas turbine engine, comprising a housing and placed in the eating shaft, the compressor with the guides and the rotor blades, a combustion chamber with flame tube and igniting device, the turbine with deployme and the rotor blades and the preparation system and fuel supply, wherein the body has a sealing its entrance cover, cooking system and fuel supply is made in the form of the cell formed by the liner, a constant electric current to guides and working blades of the compressor, and pumping device prepare system and fuel supply is made for feeding and spraying of the electrolyte (aqueous solution of electrolyte in the cell, through the nozzle, made with the cavitator, and the compressor is made with the possibility of creating the vacuum in the sealed part of the body and the decomposition of water into hydrogen and oxygen with the flow of direct current through the electrolyte.

2. The engine according to claim 1, characterized in that the cavitator nozzle made in the form of local necking her channel.



 

Same patents:

Gas turbine engine // 2280182

FIELD: mechanical engineering; gas-turbine engines.

SUBSTANCE: proposed gas-turbine engine contains housing with fitted-in shaft, compressor, combustion chamber with igniter, turbine and fuel preparation and delivery system. Housing is provided with cover sealing its inlet. Fuel preparation and delivery system is made in form of electrolyzer installed with possibility of supply of direct current to its electrodes, free passing of electrolyte (water solution of electrolyte) through electrolyzer and products of water decomposition formed under action of direct current passing through electrolyte. Electrolyzer is installed before compressor in sealed part of housing. Pumping device and nozzle serve to deliver and atomize water solution of electrolyte in electrolyzer. Nozzle is furnished with cavitator made in form of local contraction of channel.

EFFECT: reduced consumption of fuel, adverse effect on environment.

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FIELD: mechanical engineering; gas-turbine engines.

SUBSTANCE: proposed gas-turbine engine contains housing with fitted-in shaft, compressor, combustion chamber with igniter, turbine and fuel preparation and delivery system. Housing is provided with cover sealing its inlet. Fuel preparation and delivery system is made in form of electrolyzer installed with possibility of supply of direct current to its electrodes, free passing of electrolyte (water solution of electrolyte) through electrolyzer and products of water decomposition formed under action of direct current passing through electrolyte. Electrolyzer is installed before compressor in sealed part of housing. Pumping device and nozzle serve to deliver and atomize water solution of electrolyte in electrolyzer. Nozzle is furnished with cavitator made in form of local contraction of channel.

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FIELD: mechanical engineering; gas turbine engines.

SUBSTANCE: proposed gas-turbine engine contains housing with fitted-in shaft, compressor, combustion chamber, turbine and fuel preparation and delivery system. Housing is provided into cover sealing its inlet. Fuel preparation and delivery system is made in form of electrolyzer with supply of direct current to guide and working blades of compressor. Pumping device and nozzle with cavitator of fuel preparation and delivery system are made to feed and atomize water solution of electrolyte in electrolyzer. Compressor is made for building vacuum in seal part of housing and decomposition of water into hydrogen and oxygen under action of direct current passing through electrolyte.

EFFECT: reduced consumption of fuel, no adverse effect on environment.

2 cl, 2 dwg

Gas-turbine engine // 2280184

FIELD: mechanical engineering; gas-turbine engines.

SUBSTANCE: proposed gas-turbine engine contains housing with fitted-in shaft, compressor, combustion chamber, turbine and fuel preparation and delivery system. Housing is provided with cover sealing its inlet. Fuel preparation and delivery system is made in form of electrolyzer consisting of electrodes to which direct current is supplied and installed before compressor in sealed part of housing and of electrodes formed by delivery of direct current to guide and working blades of compressor. Pumping device of fuel preparation and delivery system provides delivery and atomizing of electrolyte (water solution of electrolyte) through nozzle furnished with cavitator, in electrolyzer where electrolysis of water takes place under action of direct current passing through electrolyte. Compressor is made for building vacuum in sealed part of housing and compression and delivery of gas mixture into combustion chamber.

EFFECT: reduced consumption of fuel, no adverse effect on environment.

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Gas generator // 2406840

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FIELD: machine building.

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