Dye semifinished product and methods for preparing dyes from dye semifinished products

FIELD: dyes, building materials.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to sets of dye semifinished products used in preparing dyes of different designation. Invention describes the dye semifinished product with properties of fluidity and covering power that can be used in preparing a single-package latex dye stained with pigment wherein the volume content of dry matter is from about 30% to about 70% with the Schtormer viscosity value from about 50 to about 250 EK and comprising the following components: (I) at least one pigment conferring the covering power property; (II) at least one dispersing agent; (III) at least one thickening agent, and (IV) water wherein at least one dispersing agent and at least one thickening agent are compatible with at least one pigment and other dye components. Also, invention describes sets for dyes and dye lines comprising a latex polymeric binding agent. Some dyes for internal and external coating of different objects are prepared by using sets of dye semifinished products. Invention provides preparing the broad assortment of dyes of different quality for external and internal workings and with different levels of polishes and bases for carrying out the coloring from dye semifinished products and by using the minimal amount and types of the dye components. Proposed dye semifinished products can be used for architecture, industrial, polygraphic, elastomeric and non-cement coatings.

EFFECT: improved preparing method, valuable properties of dyes.

51 cl, 3 tbl, 63 ex

 

CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS

In this application claims the priority of provisional patent applications US serial number 60/183655, filed February 18, 2000, 60/183656, filed February 18, 2000, and 60/247639, filed November 10, 2000

BACKGROUND of INVENTION

The technical field to which the invention relates.

The present invention relates to sets of semi-finished inks and methods for making lines of paints using sets of semi-finished colors for them to paint that can be used as architectural coatings, industrial coatings, graphic arts coatings, elastomeric coatings and nizmennyh, complex finishes and are made from sets of compositions of semi-finished colors.

Description of current level of technology

For decades, professional painters/contractors and consumers of goods do-it-yourself" have the opportunity to purchase paint color shade is given not so much to the production capacity as at the place of sale. This principle of delayed product differentiation allows the buyer with greater accuracy to choose the right color of paint in a wide variety of assortments than in the case of a limited number of colors of the products produced by manufacturers is ielem colors.

Although he has not found industrial application in the paint industry, there is also theoretical possibility of applying the principle of deferred (to the extent that it allows the process of making paint) differentiation of paint ingredients [see, for example, scientific report Carola Grundfelt-Forsius in Faerg Lack Scand. 43(2), pp.5-6 (1997), which describes the use of intermediate products or components, i.e. mixtures of several source materials as components of paints that are mixed together with tinting pastes for obtaining paints of different types]. The report Grundfelt-Forsius shows an example of such a system, in which the mortar polymer system used polyurethane binder.

The implementation of the methods of applying the principle of delayed product differentiation gives the buyer the flexibility to choose the target of the finished inks for both color and type of paint at the same time allowing the manufacturer or seller of paints (merchant retail or wholesaler or agent engaged in the distribution) to minimize the range of raw materials, intermediate and finished products, as well as empty warehouse space.

Despite these advantages, the manufacturers are able to successfully apply the principle of delayed product differentiation is only for systems based paints mortar polymers. Until now, manufacturers of paints success in the application of the principle of delayed product differentiation in relation paint components in systems based paints latex polymers were not achieved. Since most of the currently used paints accounted for based on latex polymer, there is a need to develop practical ways of applying the principle of delayed product differentiation in the system based paints latex polymers.

When using latex emulsion polymers, due to the instability of stable latex paint to make much more difficult than in the case of mortar polymers. Emulsion polymers are very sensitive to solvents and surface-active agents, which are usually found in the compositions of inks, such as conventional surfactants, dispersing agents, rheology modifiers and the cosolvent. Mortar polymers, by definition, are soluble in the solvent in which they are put, and thermodynamic driving force that causes the agglomeration of polymer molecules and determining their instability is absent. In contrast, latex polymers include polymeric material in the form of particles, which are insoluble in water. When such particles are supplied in water, DL is giving them stability requires significant modification of their surface. If the surface modification is inadequate, latex particles stick together among themselves with the formation of a coagulated mass, which is then excreted from latex paint. Preparation of paints with latex system involves a very difficult process, since the surfactant included in the composition, upset the fragile balance of surface forces, which stabilize the latex particles in the aquatic environment.

The difference between latex polymer systems (referred to in this description as "emulsions") and mortar polymer systems further clarified in the book Temple C.Patton entitled Paint Flow and Pigment Dispersion (new York: John Wiley and Sons, Inc., 1979, c.192-193). In this work the author describes the process of drying of both systems. The main difference lies in the time required to achieve each polymer irreversible condition. Latex polymers reach this state much faster solution of the polymers, resulting dye-based latex polymers to stabilize harder than dye-based mortar polymers. In the discussion of "coatings from materials of mortar type" (which include mortar polymers) the author writes "...during drying liquid binder expires rather than deformable is conducted around the pigment particles. This expiration contributes to the compaction process as shrinkage of the film due to loss of volatile solvent. Although, as evaporation of the solvent the binder becomes more viscous, the fluidity is maintained for the greatest part of the drying cycle." As the author points out, as the evaporation of the solvent solution of the polymer retains fluidity during the greatest part of the drying cycle. Polymer emulsion demonstrates another time. The same author observes: "...there is preliminary expiration of the latex suspension. This happens until the moment when the latex particles are forced into intimate contact already due to the initial water loss. However, after this relatively short, but very important initial flow, seal the pigment with high achievement, critical volume concentration of pigment (KRCS) is mainly due to the plastic deformation and coalescence of latex particles." Coalescence is an irreversible engagement between the latex particles. Such irreversible contacting can occur in liquid-based paint latex polymers, but not in the liquid paint based mortar polymers. Thus, based paints latex polymers to prepare harder.

There is a big need is to be in the creation of a set of semi-finished products paints and in the development of the method of preparation based paints latex polymers using sets of semi-finished colors.

Preparation of paints includes the process of selecting and mixing the respective components of the ink in the correct ratio to produce paint with special processing and handling properties, as well as forming the final dry paint coating with the desired properties. The main components of the compositions of latex paints is a binder, giving the hiding power of the pigment, optional pigment fillers and water. Conventional optional additives include defoamers, coalescent agents, plasticizers, thickeners, disgustedly properties rheological properties, giving the hiding power tools, driers, anti-education of the skin, surfactants, mildewcides, biocides and dispersants. After preparation of latex paint and its application to the surface due to evaporation of water-based paint dries under the influence of heat or without him and the binder forms a film that includes the particles of pigment and pigment filler, if it contains.

Preparation of paints is a complex process that cannot be reduced to a simple mixture of several components of paint in different proportions. In the preferred embodiment, it includes selecting and mixing different paint components in different proportions, depending on the type of zelevansky. It requires producers to store many different paint components and replacement components of the inks during the cooking time depending on the specific type of prepared paint.

Moreover, in order to ensure the offer to the buyer the full range of colors, in particular with different levels of gloss, bases for tinting, paint for exterior work, interior paints and paints a variety of quality, those who are employed in the circuit of commodity supply, particularly retailers paints must have a large inventory of colors in stores and on the warehouse shelves. It is necessary, apparently, to prepare a paint by place or a relatively large-scale production, or a relatively small-scale production, at the place of sale or on the application site using a limited number of paint components with getting all these different compositions of paints, reducing, thus, the minimum number and types of paint components, which are necessary for preparation of the full range of colors.

SUMMARY of the INVENTION

Referred to in the present description "paint line" includes at least two different colors that tell the dried layers of the properties of the material differ from each other in at least one required for dostizheniya, such as gloss, resistance to weather factors and the hue saturation. Line colors may include, for example, three colors, the dried layers which have different degrees of gloss, two colors, the dried layers which have acceptable performance characteristics for internal or external works, or four colors, the dried layers which have different quality indicators or performance characteristics, such evidence which may serve, for example, different levels of resistance when cleaning scraper.

More specifically, the paint line could include four different colors, the dried layers which have different degrees of gloss, usually supplied on the market as glossy, semi-gloss, matte, staining or weak gloss and dull. Gloss is determined by the volumetric content in the paint and the type of binder substance (s), pigment (pigment) and fillers (fillers), if any.

In addition to achieving various degrees of gloss paint is usually prepared so that they were neutral or accented (no or very low content giving the hiding power of the pigment), nepodvedennye (white) or colored to give a variety of colour shades using different bases on which I podkolenky, including pastel or bright colors, medium colors or mid-tones and saturated colors. For this you want the paint line, which includes five colors. In addition, paint is prepared for outdoor or indoor use. Besides paint is prepared in such a way as to inform them certain levels of performance properties, due to which they can sell as good/standard, superior and the best/highest quality.

Manufacturers of paints and retailers typically offer a number of colors, which includes at least two lines of paints. When referred to in the present description "number of colors, including at least two lines of colors, it is understood that in this range of colors selected levels required to achieve the properties that define the first line of paints, combined with selected levels required to achieve the properties that define the second line of paints, etc.

For the preparation of a number of colors, which includes four lines of colors, you may need to prepare the paint, covering four levels of gloss, four bases for tinting, the possibility of applying for internal and external works and three levels of quality. For all combinations may be required 96 different compositions of paints (4×4×2×3). However, provide the a number of colors, including some of these colors that make up some of their share from 10% to 60% of the total number of colors selected for exclusion from the list, for example for commercial reasons or because they are unstable, as indicated in the present description. In addition, it is assumed the number of colors in which the required properties of the dried paint layers essentially, but not exactly correspond to the standard definitions; for example, the gloss of the dried layer glossy mid-tone paint for exterior work in the lines of standard, superior and top quality can vary on several points, without leaving the determination of a number of dyes of the present invention.

Occurring in the present description the term "paint" is used in its broadest sense and encompasses any coating that can be applied on the surface for decorative, protective, or for those and other purposes. Specifically covered by the system, which is applied to obtain architectural coatings, industrial coatings, elastomeric coatings and nizmennyh aggregate finishing layer applied to the wall in the form of a finishing layer and in the system for exterior insulation and finish (hereinafter in this description referred to as "SVIA").

Referred to in the present description semi paints are compatible with the s", if the paint prepared by mixing such semi-finished colors, do not show obvious signs of colloidal instability, such as flocculation. In a preferred embodiment, paints, made from semi-finished colors, show the presence of less than 5 g of residue, such as gel and solid agglomerated particles per liter of paint when the paint is passed through a sieve with cell size of 325 mesh. In a more preferred embodiment, paints, made from semi-finished colors, show the presence of less than 1 g of residue per liter of paint when the paint is passed through a sieve with cell size of 325 mesh. If additives are included to improve specific properties of the inks and dyes are fully compatible, i.e. they can be mixed in any ratio without occurrence of colloidal instability, they can be mixed in any combination that does not extend beyond the compositional range required to achieve the target profile of properties of the finished paint. However, for semi-finished products paints enough to optional additives included to improve specific properties of the inks and dyes are compatible, i.e. in order to achieve the target profile properties in a number of colors they can be mixed in any target ratios without any colloidal instability.

For information to m is the minimum number of components, paints, required for the preparation of a number of colors, consider the extreme values of the key properties needed for a number of colors, and make the semi-finished colors that are acceptable for mixing in various combinations to achieve the extreme values of key properties, as well as intermediate values. The introduction of such additives for paints, which improves their target properties can be improved specific properties.

The above target by applying a set of different, but compatible fluid semi-finished colors, sufficient to prepare at least one line of paints. This kit includes (I) at least one imparts opacity prefabricated paint containing at least one giving the hiding power of the pigment; (II) at least one filling cake mix paints containing at least one filler; and (III) at least one binder prefabricated paint containing at least one latex polymeric binder.

The preferred number of semi-finished paint is from 3 to 15.

It is also proposed a method of forming at least one line of paints, which includes the following stages:

(a) preparation of a set of different, but compatible semi-fluid inks, dostatochno is for forming at least one line of paints, this kit includes: (I) at least one imparts opacity prefabricated paint containing at least one giving the hiding power of the pigment; (II) at least one filling cake mix paints containing at least one filler; and (III) at least one binder prefabricated paint containing at least one latex polymeric binder;

(b) the filing of a predetermined number of each of the semi-finished paint into containers or applicator (applicator) to form a line of paints.

The preferred total number of semi-finished paint is from 3 to 15.

The proposed method may optionally include the stage of mixing semi paints before, during or after their submission in containers or before or at the time of their submission to the applicator (applicator).

In addition, we offer a method of preparation of a number of colors. This number includes at least two lines of paints. This method includes the following stages:

(a) preparation of a set of different, but compatible semi-fluid ink, sufficient for the preparation of a number of colors, and the above kit includes: (I) at least one imparts opacity prefabricated paint containing at least one giving the hiding power of the pigment; (II) at m is d one filling prefabricated paint, containing at least one filler; (III) at least one binder prefabricated paint containing at least one latex polymeric binder, and (IV) at least one additional, different semi-finished paint selected from the group including semi-finished products paints (I), (II) and (III);

(b) the filing of a predetermined number of each of the semi-finished paint into containers or applicator (applicator) for forming lines of paints.

The preferred total number of semi-finished paint is from 4 to 15.

These methods can further include stage mixing semi paints before, during, or after the filing in the container, or before, or during their submission to the applicator (applicator). These methods can further include phase adjustment of viscosity of the supplied semi-finished products paints before, during or after their supply to the container, or before or at the time of their submission to the applicator (applicator) using a thickener, water or mixtures thereof. These methods may further include the stage of adding additional materials that improve the application or the final performance properties of the paint and which contain aggregate fillers and thickeners. Further, these methods may include stage add in the supplied semi-finished paint at least on the aqueous dye. These methods can be carried out by placement of equipment for the manufacture of paints, at the place of sale or point of use, and their implementation can be controlled by the computer.

Alternatively a set of different, but compatible fluid semi-finished colors, enough to form at least one line of paints that can be used as the material of the elastomeric coating. This kit includes (I) at least one imparts opacity prefabricated paint containing at least one giving the hiding power of the pigment; (II) at least one filling cake mix paints containing at least one filler; (III) at least one binder prefabricated paint containing at least one latex polymeric binder, TC which is less than approximately 0°C.

It is also proposed a method of forming at least one line of paints that can be used as the material of the elastomeric coating. This method includes the following stages:

(a) preparation of a set of different, but compatible semi-fluid ink, and this kit includes: (I) at least one imparts opacity prefabricated paint containing at least one giving RBM is westhost pigment; (II) at least one filling cake mix paints containing at least one filler; (III) at least one binder prefabricated paint containing at least one latex polymeric binder, TC which is less than approximately 0°C;

(b) the filing of a predetermined number of each of the semi-finished paint into containers or applicator (applicator) to form a line of paints.

In addition, we offer a method of preparation of a number of colors. This number includes at least two lines of colors, which can be used as the material of elastomeric coatings. This method includes the following stages:

(a) preparation of a set of different, but compatible fluid semi-finished colors, enough to form at least two lines of colors, and this kit includes: (I) at least one imparts opacity prefabricated paint containing at least one giving the hiding power of the pigment; (II) at least one filling cake mix paints containing at least one filler; (III) at least one binder prefabricated paint containing at least one latex polymeric binder, TC which is less than approximately 0°; (IV) at least one additional, D. the natives fluid prefabricated paint, selected from the group including semi-finished products paints (I), (II) and (III);

(b) the filing of a predetermined number of each of the semi-finished paint into containers or applicator device (s) to form a line of paints. Alternatively a set of different, but compatible fluid nizmennyh semi-finished colors, enough to form at least one line of paints that can be used as a material for nizmennogo aggregate topcoat. This kit includes: (I) at least one imparts opacity prefabricated paint containing at least one giving the hiding power of the pigment; (II) at least one filling cake mix paints containing at least one filler; (III) at least one binder prefabricated paint containing at least one latex polymeric binder; (IV) at least one prefabricated paint, including aggregate filler.

It is also proposed a method of forming at least one line of paints that can be used as a material nizmennogo aggregate topcoat. This method includes the following stages:

(a) preparation of a set of different, but compatible fluid nizmennyh semi paints, and this is what the kit includes: (I) at least one imparts opacity prefabricated paint, containing at least one giving the hiding power of the pigment; (II) at least one filling cake mix paints containing at least one filler; (III) at least one binder prefabricated paint containing at least one latex polymeric binder; (IV) at least one prefabricated paint, including aggregate filler;

(b) the filing of a predetermined number of each of the semi-finished paint into containers or applicator (applicator) to form a line of paints.

The following is a suggested method of preparation of a number of colors. This number includes at least two lines of colors, which can be used as a material nizmennyh aggregate finishing layers. This method includes the following stages:

(a) preparation of a set of different, but compatible fluid nizmennyh semi-finished colors, enough to form at least two lines of colors, and this kit includes: (I) at least one imparts opacity prefabricated paint containing at least one giving the hiding power of the pigment; (II) at least one filling cake mix paints containing at least one filler; (III) at least one binder prefabricated paint containing at least one of latex the e polymer binder; (IV) at least one prefabricated paint, including aggregate filler; (V) at least one additional, different fluid prefabricated paint selected from the group including semi-finished products paints (I), (II), (III) and (IV);

(b) the filing of a predetermined number of each of the semi-finished paint into containers or applicator (applicator) for forming lines of paints.

Alternatively a set of different, but compatible fluid semi-finished colors, enough to form at least one line of paints that can be used to obtain dyed with pigment and transparent coatings. This kit includes: (I) at least one imparts opacity prefabricated paint containing at least one giving the hiding power of the pigment; (II) at least two connecting prefabricated colors, each of which contains at least one latex polymeric binder.

According to another variant, a set of semi-finished colors, enough to form at least one line of paints that can be used in printing. This kit includes: (I) at least one binder prefabricated paint containing at least one latex polymeric binder, TS is the t of about -50 to about 10° With; (II) at least one binder prefabricated paint containing at least one latex polymeric binder, TC which is from about 50 to about 140°C; and (III) optionally at least one binder prefabricated paint containing at least one latex polymeric binder, TC which is from about 0 to about 65°C. Semi-finished inks for printing purposes may further include additional fluid compatible semi paints selected from the group comprising: (I) semi-finished paint containing at least one dilaceration resin; (II) semi-finished paint containing at least one imparts gloss additive; (III) semi-finished paint containing at least one wax; (IV) the set of semi-finished products of paints containing at least one pigment dispersion.

If you want one paint line, i.e. if the range is one key property (for example, the level of gloss, the basis for the lights, the type of application or type of quality), then a complete line of paints can be prepared using one each from materials such as giving opacity prefabricated paint (I), filling prefabricated paint (II) and connecting prefabricated paint (III).

If you want several colors, including two of linotronic, i.e. if range two key properties (for example, two properties selected from a level of brightness, the basis for tinting, application type or quality), then the number of colors can be prepared using at least one each from materials such as giving the hiding power, water and a binder semi paints (I), (II) and (III) and at least one additional, different semi-finished paint selected from giving covering power, water and a binder semi paints (I), (II) and (III)based what key features should vary.

If you want several colors, including three lines of colors, i.e. if range three key properties (for example, three properties selected from a level of brightness, the basis for tinting, application type or quality), then the number of colors can be prepared using at least one each from materials such as giving the hiding power, water and a binder semi paints (I), (II) and (III), and at least two additional semi-finished colors selected from giving covering power, water and a binder semi-finished colors, depending on what key features should vary.

If you want several colors, including four lines of colors, i.e. if range chetyrehluchevoy properties (for example, the level of gloss, the basis for tinting, application type or quality), then a complete range of paints can be prepared using at least one each from materials such as giving the hiding power, water and a binder semi paints (I), (II) and (III), and at least three additional, other semi-finished colors selected from giving covering power, water and a binder semi-finished colors, depending on which key properties must vary.

This technique can proceed with the order varying such number of additional key properties that you want.

Under "additional giving covering power, water and a binder semi-finished colors" mean prefabricated paint, different from, respectively, giving a hiding power, water and a binder semi paints (I), (II) and (III), but in other respects consistent with the limitations associated with semi-finished colors.

As mentioned above, "paint line" includes two or more different colors, dried layers which differ from each material at least one required to achieve the property. These colors differ from each other and must meet at least one of the following criteria:

(1) p is the volume concentration of pigment (GST) paint, which vary most, should differ by at least 2%, or

(2) the volumetric content of dry matter (OS) paint, which vary most, should differ by at least 2%.

The volume concentration of the pigment (GST) is a measure of how "rich composition binder". In the present description it is calculated by the following formula:

Volumetric content of dry matter (OS) is the amount of dry pigment (pigment) plus the amount of dry fillers (fillers) plus the amount of dry binder substance (s). It is calculated by the following formula:

If you are additive, in the determination of total dry matter their amount does not include. In each of the above semi-finished colors are selected so that they overlap a wide compositional range, so that the target properties of the finished paint was within the range of the extreme values for the mixtures defined by the semi-finished colors. In many cases semi-paints essentially paints are not. But the boost semi-finished colors to these extreme values provides the opportunity to maximize the range of compounds available for the kit. When all polyfab the ikats of paints, additives and dyes are fully compatible and can be mixed in the target ratios for the formation of the target line (lines) of colors and number of colors without any colloidal instability. There is a possibility to prepare a specific colour in a line of paints without the use of each of the semi-finished colors, the supplied semi-finished colors. For example, for paint preparation a busy tone does not require the use of prefabricated paint with giving the hiding power of the pigment.

This technique is similar to the design principles used in statistical experimental design and analysis of circuit design components of the mixtures, however, instead of creating a range of mixtures (mixture space) to study the reaction of the surface in them, to maximize system flexibility paints developed a method to separate surface analysis of a range of mixtures. The key to success is the compatibility of the individual components of semi-finished products paints and semi-finished paint over the entire range of mixtures.

Properties of paints it is possible to predict a number of ways. One way is to create models of the reaction surfaces of the range of mixtures using a standard Mixture Component experimental design statistical tools. In the future, these simple statistical models can be used in the linear program optimizes and, mass studies coordinating grid (massive grid search) or in the instrument of graphical analysis. Another way is to simply use empirical methods to determine which mixture needed for specific lines of colors, followed by the introduction of these simple, empirically-derived formulas in the program, ensuring the preparation of paints.

The extension of this technical solution is to place the device paint preparation for automatic preliminary tests to determine some of the key properties (e.g. viscosity, gloss or color when forced drying) and make minor adjustments during paint preparation products paints. The presence of feedback circuits in the device for preparation of paints can provide a more accurate selection of the target color, gloss and viscosity.

Compatible components paints can be combined in various semi-finished products paints, and paints made from these semi-finished products paints, exhibit properties that characterize the quantity used of the component.

In order to facilitate mixing in the preferred embodiment, all semi-fluid inks used in the implementation presented in this description of the methods must have like the or similar viscosities.

Believe that through the use of reduced quantities of stabilizing materials, such as surfactants that may be used in accordance with conventional processing technology, improved water resistance, including resistance to blistering, adhesion of the wet coating and durability when cleaning scraper paints made from sets of semi-finished colors. Moreover, the reaction of the paint lines or colors series, made using such semi-finished colors on the addition of dyes, may be more predictable, which allows to simplify the selection of color and to facilitate the application in the selection of colors software. In addition, assume that the preliminary balance of the components in the semi-paints reduces viscosity fluctuations in the composition of the finished paint.

Semi paints prepared in such a way as to maximize the flexibility of the paint preparation. Instead of purchasing individual components of paints paint manufacturers and even customers at the place of sale and use (warehouses paints, departments of paints and contractors) can purchase a set of semi-finished inks for the preparation of the required number of colors. These sets of semi-finished products paints usually includes the t at least one each of the semi-finished colours x y and z, and possibly additional semi-finished products of colors, depending on the required flexibility when cooking. The above semi-finished colors optional mixed with additional prefabricated paint, which includes at least one colorant, such as a color pigment or coloring matter.

Presented in the present description sets semi paints and methods of cooking are not limited to cooking only latex paints. They can also be applied to any aqueous coating materials or related building materials, for preparation of which requires the mixing of components, including, though not limited to, funds for printing, sealants, sealing compounds, mastics, adhesives, materials for architectural coatings (coating materials applied to walls homeowners and contractors, elastomeric coating materials on the walls and roofs and aggregate finishing layers) and industrial coatings (such as those classified as applied by the manufacturer in the process of manufacturing equipment, maintenance for wood, metals as conventional industrial finishes and other damage in the factory coating, and small amounts of coating materials are not arhitekturnoj the type done by owners of goods of the type "do it yourself").

In the field of materials applied in the factory coatings are presented in the present description can be applied to a wide range of coatings for automobiles, marine vessels, aircraft, other vehicles, electrical appliances, metal furniture, machinery and equipment, winding, metal containers, magnetic wire, concrete roofing tiles, insulating varnish, electronic equipment, pipes, packaging, printing on top of a picture or text, breaking mechanisms, residential floors (flatboard), wooden furniture, plastic substrates, magnetic media, metals in General industrial maintenance, repair, polishing cars, road-marking paints, flame retardants, aerosol products, materials, coatings, resistant to chemical attack, roofs, tanks, decks, concrete, water-repellent tools for masonry, nail Polish, art and hobby. For example, in the present description, the method can be applied in the preparation of a number of materials for coating of metals, including matte, glossy, applied directly to the metal, primer, intermediate layer and coating, resistant to the action of solvent, using sootvetstvuyuschego kit semi-finished colors.

DETAILED description of the INVENTION

In one embodiment, giving the opacity of the semi-finished paint this last is a fluid prefabricated titanium dioxide paint, which includes (I) at least one giving the hiding power of the pigment, (II) at least one dispersant, (III) at least one thickener and water. Dispersant (dispersant) and the thickener (thickeners) are compatible with the pigment (pigment) and other optional components of paints. Volumetric content of dry matter in the material of the ink is from about 30 to about 70%, preferably from about 35 to about 50%, and its viscosity Stormer equal to from about 50 to about 250 KU, preferably from about 60 to about 150 KU.

In another embodiment, imparting opacity prefabricated paint is a fluid prefabricated titanium dioxide paint, which can be used to prepare odnoupakovochnye colored using pigment latex paint, including other components of the paint. This prefabricated paint includes (I) at least one giving the hiding power of the pigment, (II) at least one dispersant, (III) at least one thickener, (IV) at least one film-forming or not forming a film of a polymeric binder and (V) water. Such dispel the tor (dispersers), the thickener (thickeners) and the polymer (the polymer) compatible with the pigment (pigment) and other optional components of paints. Volumetric content of dry matter in the material of the ink is from about 30 to about 70%, preferably from about 35 to about 50%, GST is from about 35 to about 100%, preferably from about 50 to about 100%, and the viscosity Stormer equal to from about 50 to about 250 KU, preferably from about 60 to about 150 KU. In a preferred embodiment, such a semi-finished paint is stable to sedimentation. Under stable during this implies the absence of sediment pigment after 10 days at 25°C. the Polymer binder is not necessarily adsorbed on giving the hiding power of the pigment.

In one embodiment, the filling of semi-finished paint this last is a fluid pigment filling prefabricated paint, which includes (I) at least one mineral filler, (II) at least one thickener, (III) an optional polymeric binder, and (IV) water. Volumetric content of dry matter in this pigment filling material of the ink is from about 30 to about 70%, preferably from about 35 to about 65%, GST is from about 35 to about 100%, preferably is from about 40 to about 100%, and the viscosity Stormer equal to from about 50 to about 250 KU, preferably from about 60 to about 150 KU. Components of such a semi-finished paint are compatible with each other and other components of the semi-finished colors that should be used in conjunction with them.

In one embodiment, the connecting prefabricated paint this last is a fluid latex polymeric binder prefabricated paint, which includes a latex polymer binder, water-based, TC is equal to from about -40 to about 70°C, preferably from about -10 to about 60°and water. Volumetric content of dry matter in the binder material of the ink is from about 25 to about 70%, preferably from about 30 to about 65%, and viscosity by Brookfield is less than about 100000 SP, preferably from about 1000 to about 50000 CPS at a shear rate of 1.25 with-1. The components of this semi-finished paint are compatible with each other and other components of the semi-finished colors that should be used in conjunction with them.

Such variants of semi-finished products paints, giving a hiding power, water and a binder semi paints (I), (II) and (III) optionally contain small amounts, i.e. less than about 20 wt.% in terms of the total weight of none is recata paint, conventional additives for paints, including acid, base, antifoam, coalescent agent, mildewcide, biocide, anti-freeze inhibitor film corrosion (flash rust ingibitior) etc. These additives must be compatible with other components of the paint composition of semi-finished inks and paints used in the implementation presented in this description of ways. Acceptable giving the hiding power of the pigments include white pigments that tell the paint's ability to scatter light in the range of all wavelengths of visible light without a high degree of absorption. Pigment fillers are inorganic solids or opaque polymers that do not report to the paint base color or opacity, although they may have on these properties secondary effect. The basis for lights that are used for paints, rich colour, usually do not include or contain very small quantities of giving the hiding power of the pigments.

Acceptable giving the hiding power of the pigments include titanium dioxide (TiO2or a combination of titanium dioxide and auxiliary opaque pigments, such as polymers with mesh latex particles, zinc oxide, lead oxide, synthetic polymer pigment, and mixtures thereof. For this purpose, suitable titanium dioxide rutile and anatase modifications. Suppose the equipment retelny titanium dioxide. The surface of particles of titanium dioxide can be processed by carrying out surface treatment of the different organic and/or inorganic materials such as silicon oxides, aluminum oxide and zirconium dioxide. This can also be used fuming the titanium oxide.

The diameter of the acceptable aerated latex particles is from about 100 to about 2500 nm, and the fraction of cavities is equal to from about 10 to about 75%. The preferred mesh size of latex particles, which can be used in the process according to the invention is from about 500 to about 1100 nm. Acceptable particles include at least one cavity, but they can have many cavities, non-spherical cavities, interconnected cavities, cavities that have channels, communicating with the outer surface of the particles, and may include other structures, described as the structure of the porous or spongy type. Preferred particles include one cavity. The glass transition temperature (TC) of such particles, as it is determined by differential scanning calorimetry at a speed of 20°C/min, is at least about 20°C, preferably at least about 50°C. the higher the TC, the harder the particle and less likelihood of its destruction. If the particles are destroyed, they h is able to provide opacity. Aerated latex particles can be obtained by customary methods of polymerization known in the art, such as described in US 3784391, US 4798691, US 4908271, US 4972000, US 5041464, US 5157084, US 5216044 and US 6020435, as well as in applications for patents Japan 60/223873, 61/62510, 61/66710, 61/86941, 62/127336, 62/156387, 01/185311 and 02/140272. In a preferred embodiment, porous latex particles prepared in accordance with the stated US 4427836, US 4469825, US 4594363, US 4880842, US 5494971 and US 6020435.

Used fillers include fillers paints for exterior and interior applications, optimized for specified end goal. Fillers paints for exterior works insoluble in water and have low absorption. They optimize for stability in outdoor applications in accordance with the requirements of the particular market on which usually sell paint and after drying of the paint they do not worsen its target properties, as no cracking and melenija and nemarket. They also increase the amount of material at low cost. Fillers paints for interior use optimize to achieve opacity, gloss and cheapness. Acceptable fillers include barium sulfate (particles from 1 to 15 μm), a product of Blanc Fixe (with particles from 0.5 to 5 μm), calcium carbonate (particles from 0.05 to 35 μm), silicon dioxide (with particles from 0.001 to 14 µm), C is ikat magnesium (with particles from 0.5 to 15 μm), aluminum silicate (with particles from 0.2 to 5 μm), nephelinites, mica, bentonite, aluminum silicate, magnesium Smoking alumina, colloidal attapulgite, synthetic amorphous sodium aluminosilicate, aluminosilicate of sodium, potassium, etc.

Latex polymeric binders are polymers or prepolymers which form a primary film of paint. They bind the pigments and/or fillers, to provide the desired fluidity of the paint and determine the gloss and hardness of the final layer of paint. Selection of binders for semi paints usually depends on the final destination of the finished paint. Binders acceptable for paints for exterior work, usually suitable for interior paints, but binders acceptable for interior paints, can be unacceptable for paints for exterior work.

Suitable latex polymer binders include, though not limited to, homopolymers, copolymers and ternary copolymers, such as acrylate and/or methacrylate polymers and copolymers, polyvinyl acetate, styrene-acrylate copolymers, styrene-butadiene, vinyl acetate-acrylate copolymers, ethylene-vinyl acetate copolymers, vinyl acetate-uiniversity copolymers, vinyl acetate-vinylacetate copolymers, vinyl acetate-vinyl chloride-and Relatie ternary copolymers, the ethylene-vinyl acetate-acrylic ternary copolymers and urethane polymers. These polymers can contain up to 10 wt.% functional groups such monomers as, for example, although their list is not limited to, carboxylic acids, phosphates, sulfates, sulfonates and amides, other monomers, and mixtures thereof. Latex polymeric binder, optional input in the semis of colors x, y, x', y', or other semi-finished products paints, can be the same or different from the latex polymer binder semi-finished paint z.

Suppose that for materials for industrial coatings in the composition of semi-finished inks typically use thermoplastic and thermosetting polymeric binders wide range, which can be odnoupakovochnye, both supplied in two packages or curable under the influence of energy and which is used in the semi-paints and implement methods according to the invention, including, though not limited to, asphalt, paraffin wax, coal tar, alkyd resins, vinyl acetate, vinyl acetate-acrylate, styrene-butadiene, saturated complex polyester, unsaturated complex ester, poliuretanovye resin, acrylic lacquers, acrylic enamels, acrylic latexes, acrylate thermosetting, acrylic the resin for coating according to the method of the elect is osajdenie and spontaneous deposition, styrene-acrylate, vinyltoluene-acrylate, radiation-curable acrylate, melamine, mcevenue, epoxy (diglycidyl ether of bisphenol a, bisphenol F, cycloaliphatic, mono-functional epoxy, etc.) resin, vinyl acetate copolymers of N-methylolacrylamide, vinyl acetate-ethylene, vinyl acetate ternary copolymers, vinyl acetate-uiniversity, polyvinylchloride, polyvinylidenechloride resins, copolymers of ethylene and acrylic acid, a copolymer of ethylene and methacrylic acid ionomers, ethylene-methylacrylate, cellulose, nitrocellulose products, butyrate cellulose acetate, shellac, phenolic resins, ethyl silicate resins, Polyacetals, copolymers of styrene and allyl alcohol, chlorinated rubber, polyvinyl alcohol, butyl rubber, styrene-ethylene-butylene-styrene block copolymer rubber, urethane-acrylate, polyamidimide, complex polyetherimide resins, silicones, silanes, polyamides, polytetrafluoroethylene, polydiallyldimethyl, polyster, aromatic polyesters, polyimides, siliconindia, fluorinated polymers, poly-p-xylylene, aramid, stearate polymers, oil-resin materials, as well as chlorinated polyolefin and bis-cyclobenzaprin. Preferred polymeric binders are aqueous latexes, but may be the also used the mortar, diluted with water, re-dispersible latexes and their combinations.

Polymeric binders can be odnoupakovochnye or both supplied in two packages. If the polymer binders are both supplied in two packages, these polymeric binders can be used by:

(1) the separation of one component of the two packages system in the form of separate prefabricated paint;

(2) the separation of one component of the two packages of the system and its inclusion in or giving opacity prefabricated paint or filling cake mix paints;

(3) adding one component of the two packages system separately from any of the semi-finished colors and

(4) combinations thereof.

The term "thickener" is a General term used to denote any material that is added to paint to modify its rheological profile. Preferred thickeners are associative thickeners. Suitable for use for this purpose thickeners include polyvinyl alcohol (PVA), hydrophobic modified dilaceration emulsions known in the art as GMSR emulsion, dilaceration or swellable in alkali emulsion known in the art as SRN emulsions, hydrophobically modified ethylene oxide-urethane polymers, known in the Noah engineering as GAAP thickeners, and cellulosic thickeners, such as hydroxyethylcellulose (CMC), hydroxyethylcellulose (SCE), hydrophobically modified hydroxyethylcellulose (GMAC), sodium carboxymethyl cellulose (NCMC), natrocarbonatite-2-hydroxyethyl cellulose, 2-hypromellose, 2-hydroxyethylmethylcellulose, 2-hydroxyethylmethylcellulose, 2-hydroxyethylmethylcellulose, 2-hydroxypropylcellulose and the like, as thickeners can be used as colloidal silicon dioxide, attapulgite and clay other types titanate the chelating agents, etc.

Acceptable for use for this purpose dispersing agents include nonionic, anionic and cationic dispersing agents, such as 2-amino-2-methyl-1-propanol (AMP), dimethylaminoethanol (DMAE), potassium tripolyphosphate (TPFC), trinatriyfosfat (TNPF), citric acid, other carboxylic acids, etc. To acceptable for use as dispersing agents include anionic polymers, such as homopolymers and copolymers based on polycarboxylic acids, including those that were pre-hydrophobic or hydrophilic modified, for example polyacrylic acid, polymethacrylic acid, maleic anhydride, and copolymers of these products with various monomers such as styrene, acrylate, methacrylate esters, Diisobutylene and druggerelateerde and hydrophobic comonomers, and salts of the above dispersing agents, and mixtures thereof.

Suitable defoamers include defoamers based on silicone and mineral oils, etc.

If the binder composition of semi-finished products paints use solvent-free latex polymer binders, the need for coalescence agents is missing. Solvent-free binders tend to have low TC and low minimum temperature of film formation, in consequence of which they form a film at room temperature, in particular at 20°C. If coalescent agent is required, in the preferred embodiment, it is introduced into the connecting prefabricated paint and all other semi-finished products paints, including latex polymer binder.

Acceptable coalescent agents, plasticizers and other optional solvents include ethylene glycol, propylene glycol, hexyleneglycol, 2,2,4-trimethyl-1,3-potentialinvestors (product TEXANOLTM), a simple glycol ethers, white spirits, methylcarbamoyl, butylcarbamoyl, phthalates, adipati etc.

To an acceptable mildewcides and biocides include zinc oxide, isothiazolone, triazolone etc.

Suitable surfactants include cationic, anionic and nonionic surface-active the e substance.

Acceptable aggregate fillers include fine-grained (typically with a particle size corresponding to the number of mesh 40 and more), medium-grained (typically with a particle size corresponding to the number of mesh from 20 to 40) and coarse (typically with a particle size corresponding to the number of mesh 20 and less than) the aggregate fillers such as sand, carbonates with particles of large size (limestone), ceramics, glass, fiber, coal, granite, talc, multicolor quartz, crushed sea shells, recycle products, such as containing asphalt materials, fiberglass, vermiculite, perlite, HO-filler, etc.

Acceptable inhibitors film corrosion include aminoethylethanolamine, ammonium benzoate, sodium nitrite, ammonium and amine salts of dicarboxylic acids and diphenols, such as glutaric acid, malonic acid, subernova acid, sabotinova acid, adipic acid, succinic acid, phthalic acid, isophthalic acid, terephthalic acid, tridipanel and sulfonylurea, and their ammonium and amine zinc complex salt,12-C14tert-alkylamines followed, connection (2-benzothiazolylthio)butanedioate; (2 benzothiazolylthio)butanedioate, product fitting 4-oxo-4-p-toolmaking acid and 4-ethylmorpholine, zirconium complex of 4-methyl-δ-Okabe salmassi acid, etc.

Suitable crosslinking agents include ions of polyvalent metals such as zinc ions, magnesium, zirconium, calcium, etc.

Reactive pigments are materials that are added to the composition for coating to give a substrate corrosion resistance due to corrosion protectors. Acceptable reactive pigments include killavally phosphomolybdate, zinc phosphate, aluminum triphosphate, strongevidence phosphosilicate modified molybdate zinc phosphate, etc.

Acceptable waxes include Carnauba, paraffin, polyethylene wax, finely dispersed copolymer of ethylene/acrylic acid, polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE), etc.

Dilaceration resins are polymers that, when they are neutralized by the base, contain a sufficient number of acid functional groups and have a relatively low molecular masses for dissolution in the aqueous environment. They exhibit Newtonian rheological properties and functions of dispersant (i.e. reduce the surface tension of the water environment). Acceptable dilaceration resin include esters of acrylic acid and methacrylic acid, copolymerizable with carbonnanotube monomers (such copolymers are available, for example, the firm Rohm and Haas Company and marketed under n the ranks products Acrysol TMI-62 and AcrysolTM1-2074), copolymers of styrene and acrylic acid, with an optional alpha-methylstyrene (such polymers, as, for example, is available on the company Rohm and Haas Company and marketed under the trade name of product MorezTM101), copolymers of styrene/maleic anhydride, etc.

In another preferred embodiment, the semi-finished products paints and methods of the present invention can be applied in the preparation of materials elastomeric coatings suitable for application on walls or roofs. These semi-finished colors can be mixed in different ratios in the preparation of materials elastomeric coatings of varying quality, flexibility, the ability to protect from mold and adhesion to substrate, and acceptable for use on walls or roofs.

The main grounds on which the materials are elastomeric coatings are distinguished from materials typical architectural coatings are the use of binders with low temperature (<0° (C) flexibility and thickness of the applied coating (thickness of dry coating typically ranges from about 6 to about 20 mils when applied to the walls and from about 15 to 40 mils when applied to the roof). Flexibility at low temperature especially necessary for elastomeric coatings, when applied on the walls, which can lead to cracks, the company is on stone walls or roofing substrate, which are characterized by a high degree of fluctuations in the size associated with climatic conditions. In addition to the flexibility of the coatings need to have the line materials for elastomeric coatings with varying degrees of flexibility at low temperature, a wide range of characteristics, adhesion to different substrates and variable appearance.

For those climatic conditions, which in the winter time, typical cold, in the designation of different quality levels can be used following characteristics :

Level of quality

DesignationPCOGST-TiO2Temperature flexibility
high<40>5<0°F
average<404-5<0°F
average>40>5<0°F
low>40<4<0°F

For those climatic conditions, which in winter is peculiar to only a few frosty days, when referring to different levels of quality can be used following characteristics :

Level of quality

DesignationPCOGST-TiO2Temperature flexibility
high<40>5<0°F
average<404-5<32°F
average>40>5<32°F
low>40<4<32°F
poor>40>4<40°F

Quality elastomeric coating can optionally be varied depending on whether or missing in the composition of zinc oxide (ZnO). Zinc oxide modifies the mechanical properties of the coating.

Finally, the elastomeric coating can additionally be varied by the addition of dyes. These dyes are typically milled in a dry condition and preparing the crushed fraction of the coating material.

As for elastomeric coatings, you can define the following properties that can be varied in the preparation of materials for coverings for applying different elastomeric coatings: the flexibility of the coating, the coating quality (durability), adhesion to the substrate and appearance.

For differentiation, based on the flexibility of the elastomeric coating, the can is to regulate Tc binder, The TFR in the coating material and the presence and the content of zinc oxide. For differentiation, based on the durability of the elastomeric coating, it is possible to regulate the content of titanium dioxide (TiO2). For differentiation, based on the adhesion of the elastomeric coating to the substrate, the coating material for the walls and roof can be prepared by varying the composition and content of the binder. For differentiation, based on the appearance of the elastomeric coating, it is possible to regulate the content and type of dye. To achieve these different properties can be prepared a set of semi-finished products paints, as it is presented in the following examples 36 through 41, and to mix them in appropriate quantities with obtaining materials of elastomeric coatings, composing the above properties.

Another preferred option presented in the present description semi-finished products paints and methods can be used in the preparation of materials nizmennyh aggregate finishing coats that are acceptable for application directly on a wall or as a topcoat systems for exterior insulation and finish (SWIO). These semi-finished paint or pre-prepared components can be mixed in different ratios for coating with different flexibility, the quality (durability), color, and those who by storey.

The following properties of the compositions are an example of how you can affect the durability of damage with their use nizmennyh aggregate finishes, used especially in SWIO. Aggregate finishes other types may be characterized by different values of PCO, which correspond to different qualities. Thus, the following designations are only examples of aggregate finishes used in SWIO, so they should not be considered in determining the value of the GST applicable to other nizmennyh aggregate finishes.

Quality

DesignationPCO
high<72
average72-77
low>77

In addition, you can define the following properties of the compositions, which affect the intensity of color. Materials aggregate finishing coatings of other types may be characterized by different concentrations of TiO2that correspond to different values of the intensity of the color. Thus, the following designations are only examples of aggregate finishes used in SWIO, so they should not be considered ykazivauschimi at the end is Tracii TiO 2in which it is used in other decorative coatings.

DesignationGST-TiO2
(%)
white>1,5
pastel
midtones0.5 to 1.5
saturated colors<0,5

Finally, you can also define the following properties of the compositions that affect the texture of surfaces.

DesignationFine aggregate fillerCoarse aggregate filler
thin>90%≤10%
gross≤90%>10%

By varying flexibility or TC binders can be achieved other ways of operating properties aggregate finishes.

As a specific variant of implementation of the present invention related to nezametnym aggregate finishing coatings for the preparation of different materials and coatings can be varied following properties: the value of the GST, the content of TiO2the content of aggregate filler and Tc binder.

For the WPPT is erential, based on the flexibility nizmennyh aggregate finishes, you can adjust Tc binder. For differentiation based on durability nizmennyh aggregate finishes, you can adjust the GST in the coating material. For differentiation based on colouring nizmennyh aggregate finishes, you can regulate the content of TiO2the type and concentration of the dye. For differentiation based on texture nizmennyh aggregate finishes can adjust the size class of particles and the content of coarse aggregate filler, and the ratio between coarse and fine aggregate fillers. To achieve these different properties can be prepared a set of semi-finished products paints, as it is presented in the following examples 54 through 58, and to mix them in appropriate quantities for the preparation of materials nizmennyh aggregate finishes, thereby composing the above properties.

According to another preferred variant of the semi-finished products such paints can be applied in the implementation of the methods according to the invention upon receipt of a number of coating materials that can be used in cases where some of the materials coatings include giving the hiding power of the pigments and/or on omnitele and when some of the materials coatings do not contain giving the hiding power of the pigments ("transparent"). These coatings can be applied to a variety of substrates, including metals, wood and cement-based substrates such as concrete roofing tiles.

According to another preferred variant of the semi-finished products such paints can be applied in the implementation of the methods according to the invention in the preparation of a number of lines of printing inks destination that you can find a number of applications, including, though not limited to, paints for decoration, gift packaging, printing on corrugated substrate, newsprint, paper, cardboard, labels, bags for packaging content freezers, bags for Department stores, on the metal film, foil; and coating over the image or text dealt with the usual purposes, such as giving the water resistance, abrasion resistance and a high degree of slip.

All intervals of the amounts specified in the present description, are inclusive and minimum and maximum quantities, among which are these intervals are combined.

Test methods

The viscosity Stormer semi paints are determined according to ASTM method D562. Viscosity by Brookfield binder semi-finished paint and finish colors determined by using a Brookfield viscometer with shaft No. 4 when the rotation speed of 6 rpm Elm is ity ICI semi-finished paint and finish colors are determined according to the ASTM standard, method D3205-77. The glass transition temperature ("Tc"), you can define differential scanning calorimetry at a speed of 20°C/min

EXAMPLES

Example 1

This example describes the preparation of white cake mix paints, which were prepared by combining the following components:

ComponentQuantity (pounds/100 gallons)
The pigment suspension of titanium dioxide (76.5% of dry matter) (Ti-Pure™ R-746 - a DuPont company)1152,25
Dispersant (Tamol™ 1124 firm Rohm and Haas)7,06
Antifoam (Drewplus™ L-475)1,00
Binder - acrylate resin (50% solids at Tc 28° (C) (Rhoplex™ SG-10M firm Rohm and Haas)166,32
Giving opacity additive cellular latex particles (Ropaque™ OP-96 - firm Rohm and Haas)151,80
Coalescent agent (Texanol™)12,95
The rheology modifier (Acrysol™ RM-8W - firm Roh and Haas)12,76
The base is ammonia (28%solution)1,65

Prefabricated paint was prepared using a laboratory mixer with paddle stirrer, inclined at an angle of 45°. Were combined and mixed water, dispel the top and antifoam. Was slowly added to a suspension of titanium dioxide and the mixture was stirred for 15 to 20 minutes Then added binder, coalescent agent, rheology modifier, ammonia and, if necessary, an additional amount of water.

Ready cake mix paint was characterized by a total volume of 100 gallons, a total weight of 1505,8 pound, the total GST 80,0%, volumetric dry matter content of 44.0%of the mass of the dry matter content of 67.1%, density 15,058 lb/gallon, and 0.40% dispersant on the dry pigment, and 10.0% coalescent agent on dry substance of the latex. Values are the initial and equilibrium viscosity on Stormer was 88 and 90 KU. Values are the initial and equilibrium pH was equal to 8.8 and 8.6.

Example 2

This example describes the preparation of filling cake mix paint with pigment for exterior works. It was prepared by the above-mentioned combination of the following components:

ComponentQuantity (pounds/100 gallons)
Pigment - nephelinite (7.5 μm particles) (Minex™ 4)784,30
Dispersant (Tamol™ 1124 firm Rohm and Haas)to 7.84
Antifoam (Drewplus™ L-475)2,00
Binder - acrylate resin (53.5% of dry substances is STV when Tc 18° (C) (Rhoplex™ ML-200 firm Rohm and Haas)157,49
Coalescent agent (Texanol™)5,90
The rheology modifier(Acrysol™ RM-8W-firm Rohm and Haas)2,55
Water368,86

Ready cake mix paint was characterized by a total volume of 100 gallons, a total weight of 1328,9 pound, the total GST 80,0%, volumetric dry solids content of 45.0%, mass dry matter content of 65.4%, density to 13.29 lbs/gallon, overall 0,50% dispersant on the dry pigment, and in General 7,0% coalescent agent to dry the binder. Values are the initial and equilibrium viscosity on Stormer was 90 and 93. Values are the initial and equilibrium pH was equal to 8.9 and 8.7.

Example 3

This example describes the preparation of filling cake mix paint with pigment for internal works, which were prepared by the above-mentioned combination of the following components:

ComponentQuantity (pounds/100 gallons)
The pigment is calcium carbonate (particle size 12 μm) (Omyacarb™ 12)405,67
The pigment is calcium carbonate (particle size of 3.2 μm) (Vicron™ 15-15)203,59
Pigment - aluminum silicate (with size and particles of 1.4 μm) (Optiwhite™ )165,41
Dispersant (Tamol™ 1124 firm Rohm and Haas)of 7.75
Antifoam (Drewplus™ L-475)1,00
The binder is a vinyl acetate-acrylate resin (55% dry matter at TC 14° (C) (Res™ 3803 firm Rohm and Haas)157,61
Coalescent agent (Texanol™)6,07
The rheology modifier is GEUP (Acrysol™ RM-2020-NPR - firm Rohm and Haas)17,53
The base is ammonia (28%solution)0,87
Water356,59

Ready cake mix paint was characterized by a total volume of 100 gallons, a total weight of 1322,1 pound, the total GST 80%, volumetric dry matter content of 45%, the mass content of dry matter 65,15%, density 13,2210 lb/gallon, and 0.50% dispersant on dry pigment and 7,00% coalescent agent to dry the binder. Values are the initial and equilibrium viscosity on Stormer was 94 and 97. Both values are the initial and equilibrium pH was equal to 9.2.

Example 4

This example describes the vinyl acetate-acrylate latex polymer binder prefabricated paint, which was prepared according to the above, except that combined and mixed binder, defoamer, a coalescent and the UNT, ammonia solution, water, and a rheology modifier. Used the following components in the following amounts:

ComponentQuantity (pounds/100 gallons)
Antifoam (Drewplus™ L-475)8,00
The binder is a vinyl acetate-acrylate resin (55% dry matter at TC 14° (C) (Res™ 3803 firm Rohm and Haas)788,06
Coalescent agent (Texanol™)30,34
The rheology modifier is GEUP (Acrysol™ SCT-275 firm Rohm and Haas)3,02
The base is ammonia (28%solution)1,95
Water60,08

Ready cake mix paint was characterized by a total volume of 100 gallons, a total weight of 891,5 pound, volumetric dry solids content of 45.0%, mass dry matter content of 48.6 per cent, density 8,91 lb/gallon and 7.0% coalescent agent to dry the binder. Values are the initial and equilibrium viscosity on Stormer was 88 and 90. Values are the initial and equilibrium pH was equal to 8.6 and 8.4. The equilibrium viscosity by Brookfield had to be less than 10000 CPS.

Example 5

In this example, described matte acrylic binder prefabricated Kras and, which was prepared according to the above-mentioned combination of the following components:

ComponentQuantity (pounds/100 gallons)
Antifoam (Drewplus™ L-475)8,00
Binder - acrylate resin (53.5% of the dry matter at TC 18° (C) (Rhoplex™ ML-200 firm Rohm and Haas)769,96
Coalescent agent (Texanol™)28,83
The rheology modifier (GAAP) (Acrysol™ RM-8W - firm Rohm and Haas)1,15
The base is ammonia (28%solution)0,57
The solvent is propylene glycol60,00
Water12,84

Ready cake mix paint was characterized by a total volume of 100 gallons, a total weight of 881,4 pound, volumetric dry matter content of 44.0%of the mass of the dry matter content of 46.7%, density 8,81 lb/gallon and 7.0% coalescent agent to dry the binder. Values are the initial and equilibrium viscosity on Stormer were 91 and 89. Both values are the initial and equilibrium pH was equal to 8.9/9.0 in. The equilibrium viscosity by Brookfield had to be less than 10000 CPS.

Example 6

This example describes a glossy acrylic binders floor is abrika paint, which was prepared according to the above-mentioned combination of the following components:

ComponentQuantity (pounds/100 gallons)
Antifoam (Drewplus™ L-475)8,00
Binder - acrylate resin (50% solids at TC 28° (C) (Rhoplex™ SG-10M - firm Rohm and Haas)737,08
Coalescent agent (Texanol™)eur36, 85
The rheology modifier is GEUP (Acrysol™ RM-8W - firm Rohm and Haas)are 11.62
The base is ammonia (28%solution)0,35
The solvent is propylene glycol60,00
Water21,26

Ready cake mix paint was characterized by a total volume of 100 gallons, a total weight of 875,2 pound, volumetric dry matter content of 39.0%, the mass content of dry matter 42,11%, a density of 8.75 lb/Gal and 10.0% coalescent agent to dry the binder. Values are the initial and equilibrium viscosity on Stormer was 97 and 98. Values are the initial and equilibrium pH was equal to 9.0. The equilibrium viscosity by Brookfield had to be less than 10000 CPS.

Example 7

This example describes the preparation of a white pigment none is recata paint, included not containing solvents acrylate binder, without the use of a coalescent agent. The components were mixed as described in example 1 using the following components in the following amounts:

ComponentQuantity (pounds/100 gallons)
Pigment - titanium dioxide (Ti-Pure™ R-706 - DuPont company)734,49
Giving opacity additive cellular latex particles (Ropaque™ OP-96 - firm Rohm and Haas)164,43
Dispersant (Tamol™ 731 firm Rohm and Haas)29,38
Nonionic surfactant (Triton™ CF-10)2,00
Biocide [Kathon™ LX (1,5%) - the company Rohm and Haas]2,00
Defoamer (Foamaster™ VL)3,00
Binder - acrylate copolymer(43.5% of dry matter when TC 28° (C) (Rhoplex™ SF-012 - firm Rohm and Haas)165,96
The rheology modifier is GEUP (Acrysol™ RM-825 - firm Rohm and Haas)5,00
The rheology modifier is GEUP (Acrysol™ RM-2020 NPR firm Rohm and Haas)42,69
The base is ammonia (28%solution)0,49
Water 250,13

Ready cake mix paint had to be a total volume of 100 gallons, a total weight of 1401,3 pound, the total GST 80,0%, volumetric dry solids content of 40.0%, the mass content of dry matter 61,1%, density 14,01 lb/gallon and 1.0% dispersant on the dry pigment. Its estimated viscosity Stormer was 102 KU. The pH value was equal to between 8.5 to 9.0.

Example 8

This example describes the preparation of filling cake mix paint with pigment for exterior works with not containing solvent acrylate binder without the use of coalescent agent. The components were mixed as described in example 1 using the components in the amounts listed below:

ComponentQuantity (pounds/100 gallons)
Pigment - nephelinite (7.5 μm particles) (Minex™ 4)697,16
Dispersant (Tamol™ 731 firm Rohm and Haas)27,89
Nonionic surfactant (Triton™ CF-10)2,00
Biocide [Kathon™ LX (1,5%) - the company Rohm and Haas]2,00
Defoamer (Foamaster™ VL)3,00
Binder - acrylate resin (46.5% of dry matter when TC 1° (C)(Primal™ SF-015 - firm Rohm and Haas)160,84
The rheology modifier is GEUP (Acrysol™ RM-2020 NPR firm Rohm and Haas)101,80
Water284,47

Ready cake mix paint had to be a total volume of 100 gallons, a total weight of 1280,9 pound, the total GST 80,0%, volumetric dry solids content of 40.0%, the mass content of dry matter 60,27%, density 12,81 lb/gallon and 1.0% dispersant on the dry pigment. Its viscosity Stormer was supposed to be 95 KU. The pH value should be equal to between 8.5 to 9.0. If it were not so, the pH is regulated as described in example 7.

Example 9

This example describes the preparation of filling cake mix paint with pigment for domestic work, including not containing solvent vinyl acetate-acrylate binder, without the use of coalescent agent. The components were mixed as described in example 1 using the components in the amounts listed below:

220,37
ComponentQuantity (pounds/100 gallons)
The pigment is calcium carbonate (particle size of 3.2 μm) (Snowflake™)451,20
Pigment - aluminum silicate (particle size of 1.4 μm) (Optiwhite™)
Dispersant (Tamol™ 1254 - firm Rohm and Haas)19,19
Nonionic surfactant (Triton™ CF-10)2,00
Biocide [Kathon™ LX (1,5%)]2,00
Defoamer (Foamaster™ VL)3,00
The binder is a vinyl acetate-acrylate resin (55% solids) (Rovace™ 9900)139,86
The rheology modifier is GMMR (Acrysol™ DR-3)9,00
The base is ammonia (28%solution)0,86
Water405,69

Ready cake mix paint had to be a total volume of 100 gallons, a total weight of 1254,9 pound, the total GST 80,0%, volumetric dry solids content of 40.0%, the mass content of dry matter 59,65%, density 12,55 lb/gallon and 1.0% dispersant on the dry pigment. The value of its viscosity on Stormer should have been $ 95 KU. The pH value should be equal to between 8.5 to 9.0.

Example 10

This example describes the preparation of vinyl acetate-acrylate latex polymer binder semi-finished paint, which included not containing solvent vinyl acetate-acrylate binder, without coalescence agent. The components were mixed as described in note the re 4, using the components in the amounts listed below:

ComponentQuantity (pounds/100 gallons)
The binder is a vinyl acetate-acrylate resin (55% dry matter at TC 10° (C) (Rovace™ 9900) - firm Rohm and Haas)699,25
Defoamer (Foamaster™ VL)3,00
The rheology modifier is GMMR (Acrysol™ DR-3)12,96
The base is ammonia (28%solution)2,90
Water405,69

Ready cake mix paint had to be a total volume of 100 gallons, a total weight of 885,2 pound, volumetric dry solids content of 40.0%, mass dry matter content of 43.5% and a density cent to 8.85 lbs/gallon. The value of its viscosity on Stormer should have been $ 99 KU. Its viscosity by Brookfield had to be less than 10000 CPS. The pH value should be equal to between 8.5 to 9.0.

Example 11

This example describes the preparation of matte latex polymeric binder semi-finished paint, which included not containing solvent acrylate binder, without coalescence agent. The components were mixed as described in example 4, using the components in amounts, given what the R below:

ComponentQuantity (pounds/100 gallons)
Defoamer (Foamaster™ VL)8,00
Binder - acrylate copolymer (43.5% of dry matter when TC -2° (C) (Rhoplex™ SF-012 - firm Rohm and Haas)723,77
The rheology modifier is GEUP (Acrysol™ RM-2020 NRP - firm Rohm and Haas)3,00
Water133,75

Ready cake mix paint had to be a total volume of 100 gallons, a total weight of 868,5 pound, volumetric dry matter content 36,0%, mass dry matter content of 38.8 per cent and density 8,69 lb/gallon. The values of viscosity on Stormer should have been $ 99 KU. Its viscosity by Brookfield had to be less than 10000 CPS. The pH value should be equal to between 8.5 to 9.0. If it were not so, then the pH was adjusted as discussed above.

Example 12

This example describes the preparation of glossy latex polymeric binder semi-finished paint using does not contain a solvent acrylate binder and without coalescence agent. The components were mixed as described in example 4, using the components in the amounts listed below:

ComponentQuantity (pounds/100 gallons)
Defoamer (Foamaster™ VL)8,00
Binder - acrylate copolymer (43.5% of dry matter when TC -2° (C) (Rhoplex™ SF-012 - firm Rohm and Haas)767,57
The rheology modifier is GEUP (Acrysol™ RM-2020 NRP - firm Rohm and Haas)23,00

Ready cake mix paint had to be total 100.0 gallons, a total weight of 860,4 pound, volumetric dry matter content 37,0%, the mass content of dry matter 38,8% and density at 8.60 lbs/gallon. The values of viscosity on Stormer should have been $ 99 KU. Its viscosity by Brookfield had to be less than 10000 CPS. The pH value should be equal to between 8.5 to 9.0. if it were not so, then it is regulated as discussed above.

Example 13

This example describes the preparation of a white pigment cake mix paint using a glossy titanium dioxide grades for internal works, which were prepared by combining the following components:

ComponentQuantity (pounds/100 gallons)
Pigment - titanium dioxide (Ti-Pure™ R-900 - a DuPont company)734,49
Given the General opacity additive aerated latex particles (30.5% of dry matter) (Ropaque™ Ultra - firm Rohm and Haas)164,43
Dispersant (Tamol™ 1254 - firm Rohm and Haas)20,99
Nonionic surfactant (Triton™ CF-10)2,00
Biocide [Kathon™ LX (1,5%)]2,00
Defoamer (Foamaster™ VL-source)3,00
The binder is a vinyl acetate-acrylate resin (55% dry matter at TC 14° (C) (Res 3083 firm Rohm and Haas)140,10
Coalescent agent (Texanol™)11,37
The rheology modifier is GMMR (Acrysol™ DR-3)11,47
The base is ammonia (28%solution)1,20
The solvent is propylene glycol50,00
Water264,38

Ready cake mix paint was characterized by a total volume of 100 gallons, a total weight of 1405,4 pound, the total GST 80%, volumetric dry matter content of 40%, the mass content of dry matter 61,25%, density 14,05 lb/gallon, 1.0% dispersant on dry pigment and 9.0% coalescent agent to dry the binder. The viscosity Stormer was 100 KU. Viscosity by Brookfield was equal 15300 SP. The pH value was equal to 8.8.

When is EP 14

This example describes the preparation of a white pigment cake mix paint using a glossy titanium dioxide grades for external works, which were prepared by combining the following components:

ComponentQuantity (pounds/100 gallons)
Pigment - titanium dioxide (Ti-Pure™ R-706 - DuPont company)734,56
Giving opacity additive cellular latex particles (30.5% of dry matter) (Ropaque™ Ultra - firm Rohm and Haas)164,44
Dispersant (Tamol™ 731 firm Rohm and Haas)29,38
Nonionic surfactant (Triton™ CF-10)2,00
Biocide [Kathon™ LX (1,5%)]2,00
Defoamer (Foamaster™ VL-source)3,00
Binder-acrylate copolymer (50% solids at TC 28° (C) (Rhoplex™ SG-10M - firm Rohm and Haas)151,20
Coalescent agent (Texanol™)12,49
The rheology modifier is GEUP (Acrysol™ RM-2020 NRP - firm Rohm and Haas)42,69
The base is ammonia (28%solution)0,49
The solvent is propylene glycol50,00
Water211,34

Ready cake mix paint was characterized by a total volume of 100 gallons, a total weight of 1403,6 pound, the total GST 80%, volumetric dry matter content of 40%, the mass of the dry matter content of 61.2%, density 14,04 lb/gallon, 1.0% dispersant on dry pigment and 9.0% coalescent agent to dry the binder. The viscosity Stormer was 100 KU. Viscosity by Brookfield was equal 4010 SP. The pH value was equal to 8.8.

Example 15

This example describes the preparation of filling cake mix paint with pigment for exterior works. It was prepared by combining the following components:

ComponentQuantity (pounds/100 gallons)
Pigment - nephelinite (7.5 μm particles) (Minex™ 4)697,16
Dispersant (Tamol™ 731 firm Rohm and Haas)27,89
Nonionic surfactant (Triton™ CF-10)2,00
Biocide [Kathon™ LX (1,5%) - the company Rohm and Haas]2,00
Defoamer (Foamaster™ VL)3,00
Binder - acrylate resin (53.5% of the dry matter at TC 18° (C) (Rhoplex™ Multilobe 200 firm Rohm and Haas)139,98
Koa is scanty agent (Texanol™ )5,24
The rheology modifier is GEUP (Acrysol™ RM 2020, the firm Rohm and Haas)101,80
The solvent is propylene glycol50,00
Water254,40

Ready cake mix paint was characterized by a total volume of 100 gallons, a total weight of 1281,5 pound, the total GST 80,0%, volumetric dry solids content of 40.0%, by mass dry matter content of 60.3%, density 12,81 lb/gallon, 1.0% dispersant on the dry pigment, and in General 7,0% coalescent agent to dry the binder. The viscosity Stormer was 96 KU. Viscosity by Brookfield was equal 7210 SP. The pH value was equal to 9.8.

Example 16

This example describes the preparation of filling cake mix paint with pigment. It was prepared by combining the following components:

ComponentQuantity (pounds/100 gallons)
The pigment is calcium carbonate (particle size 5 μm) (Snowflake™)451,20
Pigment - aluminum silicate (particle size of 1.4 μm) (Optiwhite™)220,37
Dispersant (Tamol 1254 firm Rohm and Haas)19,19
Nonionic surfactant (Triton™ CF-0) 2.00
Biocide [Kathon™ LX (1,5%) - the company Rohm and Haas]2,00
Defoamer (Foamaster™ VL)3,00
The binder is a vinyl acetate-acrylate resin (55% dry matter at TC 14° (C) (Res 3083 firm Rohm and Haas)140,10
Coalescent agent (Texanol™)6,93
The rheology modifier is GMMR (Acrysol™ DR-3-the company Rohm and Haas)11,00
The base is ammonia (28%solution)0,86
The solvent is propylene glycol50,00
Water348,48

Ready cake mix paint was characterized by a total volume of 100 gallons, a total weight of 1255,1 pound, the total GST 80,0%, volumetric dry solids content of 40.0%, mass dry matter content of 59.7 per cent, density 12,55 lb/gallon, 1.0% dispersant on the dry pigment, and in General 9,0% coalescent agent to dry the binder. The viscosity Stormer was 102 KU. Viscosity by Brookfield was equal 3410 SP. The pH value was equal to 8.9.

This example describes the preparation of vinyl acetate-acrylate binder semi-finished paint. It was prepared by combining the following components:

Component Quantity (pounds/100 gallons)
Defoamer (Foamaster™ VL)3,00
The binder is a vinyl acetate-acrylate resin (55% dry matter at TC 14° (C) (Res 3083 firm Rohm and Haas)700,48
Coalescent agent (Texanol™)34,67
The rheology modifier is GMMR (Acrysol™ DR-3-the company Rohm and Haas)12,96
The base is ammonia (28%solution)2,90
The solvent is propylene glycol50,00
Water83,48

Ready cake mix paint was characterized by a total volume of 100 gallons, a total weight of 887,5 pound, volumetric dry solids content of 40.0%, by mass dry matter content of 43.4%, density 8,88 lb/gallon and 9.0% coalescent agent to dry the binder. Its viscosity Stormer was 98,0 KU. Viscosity by Brookfield was 13600 SP. The pH value was equal to 9.0.

Example 18

This example describes the preparation of matte acrylic binder semi-finished paint. It was prepared by combining the following components:

ComponentQuantity (pounds/100 gallons)
Defoamer (Foamaster™ VL)3,00
Binder - acrylate resin (53.5% of the dry matter at TC 18° (C) (Rhoplex™ Multilobe 200 firm Rohm and Haas)699,92
Coalescent agent (Texanol™)26,21
The rheology modifier is GEUP (Acrysol™ RM-2020 NPR firm Rohm and Haas)the 1.44
The base is ammonia (28%solution)0,35
The solvent is propylene glycol50,00
Water96,59

Ready cake mix paint was characterized by a total volume of 100 gallons, a total weight of 877,5 pound, volumetric dry solids content of 40.0%, by mass dry matter content of 42.7%, density 8,78 lb/gallon and 7.0% coalescent agent to dry the binder. Its viscosity Stormer was 94,0 KU. Viscosity by Brookfield was 4900 SP. The pH value was equal to 8.9.

Example 19

This example describes the preparation of glossy acrylic binder semi-finished paint. It was prepared by combining the following components:

ComponentQuantity (pounds/100 gallons)
Defoamer (Foamaster™ VL)3,00
Binder - acrylate copolymer (50% solids at TC 28&x000B0; (C) (Rhoplex™ SG-10M - firm Rohm and Haas)755,99
Coalescent agent (Texanol™)37,80
The rheology modifier is GEUP (Acrysol™ RM-2020 NPR firm Rohm and Haas)are 11.62
The base is ammonia (28%solution)0,35
The solvent is propylene glycol50,00
Water17,68

Ready cake mix paint was characterized by a total volume of 100 gallons, a total weight of 876,4 pound, volumetric dry solids content of 40.0%, by mass dry matter content of 43.1%, density 8,76 lb/gallon, and 10.0% coalescent agent to dry the binder. Its viscosity Stormer was 96 KU. Viscosity by Brookfield was 5000 SP. The pH value was equal to 8.8.

Example 20

This example describes the preparation of white cake mix colors by combining the following components:

ComponentQuantity (pounds/100 gallons)
Pigment - titanium dioxide (Ti-Pure™ R-706 - DuPont company)1001,66
Dispersant (Tamol™ 1124 firm Rohm and Haas)20,03
Antifoam (Drewplus™ L-475)1,00
Binder - acrylate resin (50% of ugogo substances at Tc 28° (C) (Rhoplex™ SG-10M - firm Rohm and Haas)189,00
Giving opacity additive cellular latex particles (Ropaque™ OP-96 - firm Rohm and Haas)172,50
Coalescent agent (Texanol™)14,72
The rheology modifier (Acrysol™ RM-8W - firm Rohm and Haas)2,00
The base is ammonia (28%solution)1,65
Water200,44

Ready cake mix paint was characterized by a total volume of 100 gallons, a total weight of 1603,0 pound, the total GST 80,0%, volumetric dry solids content of 50.0%, of the mass of the dry matter content of 71.7%, density 16,03 lb/gallon, 1.0% dispersant on the dry pigment, and 10.0% coalescent agent on the dry matter of latex.

Example 21

This example describes the preparation of a white pigment cake mix paint with colored pigment porous polymer beads. This colored using pigment porous polymer beads were characterized by particle size of 12.5 μm, a content of titanium dioxide is approximately 7% (dry weight/dry weight) and volume fraction of cavities approximately 77%. The components were mixed as described in example 1 using the components in the amounts listed below:

ComponentQuantity (pounds/100 gallons)
Colored using pigment porous polymer beads (Spindrift™ 25)733,00
Dispersant (Tamol™ 1124 firm Rohm and Haas)0
Antifoam (Drewplus™ L-475)2,00
Binder - acrylate resin (53.5% of the dry matter at Tc 18° (C) (Rhoplex™ ML-200 firm Rohm and Haas)154
Coalescent agent (Texanol™)5,90
The rheology modifier (Acrysol™ RM-8W - firm Rohm and Haas)2,55
Water15,89

Ready cake mix paint had to be a total volume of 100 gallons, a total weight of 913,3 pound, the total GST 80,0%, volumetric dry matter content of 44.0%, the mass content of dry matter 28,28% and density 9,13 lb/gallon. The value of its viscosity on Stormer should have been $ 91 KU. The pH value should be equal to between 8.5 to 9.0. If it were not so, the pH is regulated as described in example 7.

Example 22

This example describes the preparation of filling cake mix paint with pigment for exterior works by combining the following components:

Component Quantity (pounds/100 gallons)
Pigment - nephelinite (7.5 μm particles) (Minex™ 4)871,44
Dispersant (Tamol™ 1124 firm Rohm and Haas)8,71
Antifoam (Drewplus™ L-475)2,00
Binder - acrylate resin (60,5% dry matter at Tc 16° (C) (Rhoplex™ AC-264 - firm Rohm and Haas)154,74
Coalescent agent (Texanol™)6,56
The rheology modifier (Acrysol™ RM-8W - firm Rohm and Haas)3,00
Water326,08

Ready cake mix paint had to be a total volume of 100 gallons, a total weight of 1382,5 pound, the total GST 80,0%, volumetric dry solids content of 50.0%, of the mass of the dry matter content of 69.8%of density 13,82 lb/gallon, 0.5% dispersant on dry pigment and 7.0% coalescent agent on the dry matter of latex.

Example 23

This example describes the preparation of filling cake mix paint with pigment for interior works by combining the following components:

ComponentQuantity (pounds/100 gallons)
The pigment is calcium carbonate (particle size 12 μm) (Omyacarb™ 12) 450,67
The pigment is calcium carbonate (particle size of 3.2 μm) (Vicron™ 15-15)226,17
Pigment - aluminum silicate (particle size of 1.4 μm) (Optiwhite™)183,76
Dispersant (Tamol™ 1124 firm Rohm and Haas)8,61
Antifoam (Drewplus™ L-475)1,00
The binder is a vinyl acetate-acrylate resin (55% dry matter at Tc 14° (C) (Res 3803)175,09
Coalescent agent (Texanol™)6,74
The rheology modifier is GEUP (Acrysol™ SCT-275)15,00
The base is ammonia (28%solution)0,87
Water308,13

Ready cake mix paint had to be a total volume of 100 gallons, a total weight of 1376,0 pound, the total GST 80,0%, volumetric dry solids content of 50.0%, of the mass of the dry matter content of 69.5%, density 13,76 lb/gallon, 0.5% dispersant on dry pigment and 7.0% coalescent agent on the dry matter of latex.

Example 24

This example describes the preparation of vinyl acetate-acrylate binder semi-finished paint by combining the following components:

ComponentTo the number of (pounds/100 gallons)
Antifoam (Drewplus™ L-475)2,00
The binder is a vinyl acetate-acrylate resin (55% dry matter at Tc 14° (C) (Res 3803)875,62
Coalescent agent (Texanol™)13,00
The rheology modifier is GEUP (Acrysol™ SCT-275 firm Rohm and Haas)9,29

Ready cake mix paint had to be a total volume of 100 gallons, a total weight of 899,9 pound, the total GST 0,0%, volumetric dry solids content of 50.0%, of the mass of the dry matter content of 53.2%, density 8,99 lb/gallon, and 10.0% coalescent agent on the dry matter of latex.

Example 25

This example describes the preparation of matte acrylic binder semi-finished paint by combining the following components:

ComponentQuantity (pounds/100 gallons)
Antifoam (Drewplus™ L-475)8,00
Binder - acrylate resin (60,5% dry matter at Tc 16° (C) (Rhoplex™ AC-264 - firm Rohm and Haas)773,67
Coalescent agent (Texanol™)23,40
The rheology modifier (GAAP) (Acrysol™ RM-8W - firm Rohm and Haas)13
The base is ammonia (28%solution)0,50
The solvent is propylene glycol60,00
Water1,84

Ready cake mix paint had to be a total volume of 100 gallons, a total weight of 880,4 pound, the total GST 0,0%, volumetric dry solids content of 50.0%, of the mass of the dry matter content of 53.2%, density 8.80 lb/gallon and 5.0% coalescent agent on the dry matter of latex.

Example 26

This example describes the preparation of glossy acrylic binder semi-finished paint by combining the following components:

ComponentQuantity (pounds/100 gallons)
Binder - acrylate resin (50% solids at Tc 28° (C) (Rhoplex™ SG-10M - firm Rohm and Haas)836,85
Coalescent agent (Texanol™)41,84

Ready cake mix paint had to be a total volume of 100 gallons, a total weight of 878,7 pound, the total GST 0,0%, volumetric dry matter content of 44.3 percent of the mass of the dry matter content is 47.4%, density 8,78 lb/gallon, and 10.0% coalescent agent on the dry matter of latex.

Example 27

This example describes the preparation of nine frosted latex the x paints for exterior works of varying quality and tone using different combinations of white pigment cake mix paint of example 14, filling cake mix paint with pigment for exterior works of example 15, a vinyl acetate-acrylate (PVA) binder semi-finished paint from example 17 and frosted acrylic binder semi-finished paint of example 18. Paints were prepared by adding a white pigment cake mix paint and filling cake mix paint with pigment for exterior works in a binder semi-finished products paints and thorough mixing.

51,38
Paint No.PCO (%)Volumetric content of dry matter (%)Semi-ink (wt.)Water (wt.)
WhiteFilling for external worksPVA binderFrosted acrylic binder
(Prim)(Prim)(Note 17)(Prim)
27-145,035,0395,53269,60-335,92104,34
27-250,030,0317,19311,10-246,80208,68
27-350,030,0263,69359,94197,64208,68
27-442,535,0197,77415,12-359,92104,34
Up 27-547,530,0158,60425,86-267,37208,68
27-647,530,0131,84450,28214,1155,67208,68
27-740,035,0-560,64-383,91104,34
27-845,030,0-540,62-287,93208,68
27-945,030,0-540,62230,5859,95208,68

Paint 27-1, 27-4 and 27-7 was a paint of the highest quality light, medium and rich colours; paints 27-2, up 27-5 27-8 and was a first-class paint light, medium and busy tones; and paint 27-3, 27-6 and 27-9 was a paint second class light, medium and rich tones.

Example 28

This example describes the preparation of nine satin latex paints for exterior works of varying quality and that is ω using different combinations of white pigment cake mix paint and filling cake mix paint with pigment for exterior works from examples 14 and 15 and the vinyl acetate-acrylate (PVA) binder and Matt acrylate binder semi inks of examples 17 and 18. Paints were prepared by the above.

Paint No.PCO (%}Volumetric content of dry matter (%)Semi-ink (wt.)Water (wt.)
WhiteFilling for external worksPVA binderFrosted acrylic binder
(Prim)(Poem)(Note 17)(Prim)
28-135,035,0395,53129,44-431,90104,34
28-237,030,0351,59123,51-353,75208,68
28-340,026,0263,69175,73228,3559,41292,15
28-432,536,0197,77287,98-468,9283,47
28-534,530,0175,75253,98-374,31208,68
28-637,526,0131,84270,07242,6363,12292,12
28-730,036,0-432,50-493,6083,47
28-832,030,0-384,44-394,88208,68
28-935,026,0-364,42256,8766,86292,15

Paint 28-1, 28-4 and 28-7 was a paint of the highest quality light, medium and rich colours; paints 28-2, 28-5 and 28-8 was a first-class paint light, medium and busy tones; and paint 28-3, 28-6 and 28-9 was a paint second class light, medium and rich tones.

Example 29

This example describes the preparation of nine glossy latex paints for exterior works using different combinations of the white pigment and the filling of semi-finished products paints with pigments for exterior works from examples 14 and 15 and the vinyl acetate-acrylate (PVA) binder and glossy acrylic binder semi inks of examples 17 and 19. These paints were prepared by the above.

Paint No.PCO (%)Volumetric content of dry matter (%)Semi-ink (wt.)Water (wt.)
WhitePVA binderGlossy acrylic binder
(Prim)(Note 17)(Prim)
29-126,035,0435,66-494,85104,34
29-230,030,0460,50-413,60166,94
29-330,030,0429,93304,1588,51208,68
29-413,035,0217,83-630,87104,34
29-515,030,0230,25-557,38166,94
29-615,030,0214,96409,14119,06208,68
29-7-35,0--766,89104,34
29-8-30,0- 701,15166,94
29-9-30,0-514,12149,61208,68

Paint 29-1, 29-4 and 29-7 was a paint of the highest quality light, medium and rich colours; paints 29-2, 29-5 and 29-8 was a first-class paint light, medium and busy tones; and paint 29-3, 29-6 and 29-9 was a paint second class light, medium and rich tones.

Example 30

This example describes the preparation of nine matte latex paints for interior works using different combinations of the white pigment and the filling of semi-finished products of interior paints from examples 14 and 16 and the vinyl acetate-acrylate (PVA) and Matt acrylate binder semi inks of examples 17 and 18. These paints were prepared as set forth above.

Paint No.PCO (%)Volumetric content of dry matter (%)Semi-ink (wt.)Water (wt.)
WhiteFilling for internal worksPVA binderFrosted acrylic binder
(Prim)(Prim) (Note 17)(Prim)
30-150,030,0351,59273,94197,6451,38208,68
30-260,030,0263,69470,21166,40-208,68
30-375,025,0128,02620,9534,67-313,02
30-447,515,0175,79401,73214,1155,67208,68
30-5of 57.530,0131,84558,69187,20-208,68
30-672,525,064,01653,6752,00-313,02
30-745,030,0-529,51230,5859,95208,68
30-855,030,0-647,18208,01-208,68
30-970,025,0-686,4069,34-313,02

the or ink into 30-1, 30-4 and 30-7 represent the colors of the highest quality light, medium and rich colours; paints 30-2, 30-5 and 30-8 represent a first-class paint light, medium and busy tones; and paint 30-3, 30-6 and 30-9 represent the colors of the second grade a light, medium and rich tones.

Example 31

This example describes the preparation of nine satin latex interior paints with white pigment and the filling of semi-finished products of interior paints from examples 14 and 16 and the vinyl acetate-acrylate (PVA) and Matt acrylate binder semi inks of examples 17 and 18. These paints were prepared as set forth above.

Paint No.PCO (%)Volumetric content of dry matter (%)Semi paints (may.)Water (wt.)
WhiteFilling for internal worksPVA binderFrosted acrylic binder
(Prim)(Prim)(Note 17)(Prim)
31-135,036,0395,53140,51355,75to 92.4983,47
31-237,030,0351,59120,98357,77-208,68
31-340,020,0263,69172,12288,43-292,15
31-432,536,0197,77282,06375,5197,9683,47
31-534,530,0175,79248,76378,57-208,68
31-637,526,0131,84264,52306,46-292,15
31-730,036,0-423,61395,28102,7783,47
31-832,030,0-376,54399,37-208,68
31-935,026,0-356,93324,49-292,15

Paint 31-1,31-4 and 31-7 represent the colors of the highest quality light, medium and rich colours; paints 31-2, 31-5 and 31-8 are first-class paint light, medium and busy tones; and the or ink into 31-3, 31-6 and 31-9 represent the colors of the second grade a light, medium and rich tones.

Example 32

This example describes the preparation of nine glossy latex paints for interior works with the use of white pigment cake mix paint of example 14, a vinyl acetate-acrylate (PVA) and glossy acrylic binder semi inks of examples 17 and 19. These paints were prepared by the above.

Paint No.PCO (%)Volumetric content of dry matter (%)Semi-ink (wt.)Water (wt.)
WhitePVA binderGlossy acrylic binder
(Prim)(Note 17)(Prim)
32-126,035,0435,66-494,85104,34
32-230,038,0429,93304,1588,51208,68
32-330,128,0403,18366,31-250,42
32-413,035,0217,83-30,87 104,34
32-515,030,0214,96409,14119,06208,68
32-615,028,0201,59493,78-250,42
32-7-35,0--766,89104,34
32-8-30,0-514,12149,61208,68
32-9-28,0-621,24-250,42

Paint 32-1, 32-4 and 32-7 represent the colors of the highest quality light, medium and rich colours; paints 32-2, 32-5 and 32-8 are first-class paint light, medium and busy tones; and paint 32-3, 32-6 and 32-9 represent the colors of the second grade a light, medium and rich tones.

Example 33

This example describes the preparation of latex paints, which can be used during the application of architectural coatings; it can be prepared using white pigment cake mix paint of example 20, pigment filling prefabricated exterior paints from example 22 and frosted acrylic binder, polyfabric is the paint of example 25. This dye was prepared as set forth above.

Ready paint was supposed to represent the highest quality paint with a satin finish and bright colors.

Example 34

This example describes the preparation of matte paint for interior use with low dry matter content using white pigment cake mix paint from example 20, the filling of the cake mix paint with pigment for interior works from example 23 and the vinyl acetate-acrylate (PVA) binder semi-finished paint of example 24.

Example 35

This example describes the preparation of paints using semi inks of examples 1 to 6. These paints were prepared by mixing the pigment material (semi-finished products) paints with a bonding material (semi-finished) paint, then adding thickeners, water and dyes and thorough mixing. The viscosity Stormer, viscosity according to the method of the company ICI, and pH were characterized, as determined equilibrium values.

Part a-Mat is or ink into the external works (best and good)
PaintSemi paints (pounds)The thickener (pounds)WaterDye
No.White pigmentFilling for external worksPVA binderFrosted acrylic binderAcrysol SCT-275Acrysol RM-2020 NPR(pounds)(pounds)
(Note 1)(Note 2)(Prim)(Prim)
35-1and353,86278,01-306,97the 10.4014,00149,68-
35-1b235,96351,50177,3046,0926,4011,20237,06-
35-3and-516,00-351,0032,68-146,45162
35-4b-500,00206,5853,7048,48-237,06162
and the Best paint bright colors and busy t is on

b Good paint bright colors and rich tones

47,92
Installed the equilibrium valueThe characteristics defined by calculation
Paint No.The viscosity StormerViscosity according to the method of ICIpHVolumeWeightPCOVolumetric content of dry matterMass dry matter contentDensity
(gallons)(pounds)(%)(b/Gal)
(KU)(JV)(%)(%)
35-1in1021,158,761001112,9245,0535,0850,6611,13
35-2g1010,878,301001085,5250,0430,0545,6810,86
35-3d1101,909,021001046,1339,9435,0010,46
35-4e1211,808,701001045,8245,0929,7643,2510,36
century Contained 0,44% dispersant in terms of dry pigment and of 7.48% coalescent agent, calculated on the dry polymer

he Kept 0.46% dispersant in terms of dry pigment and 7,40% coalescent agent, calculated on the dry polymer

D. Contained 0,50% dispersant in terms of dry pigment and 7,00% coalescent agent, calculated on the dry polymer

that is Contained 0,50% dispersant in terms of dry pigment and 7,00% coalescent agent, calculated on the dry polymer

Part B-satin paint for outdoor use (superior)
Paint No.Semi paints (pounds)The thickener (pounds)Water (pounds)Dye (pounds)
White pigmentFilling for external worksPVA binderFrosted acrylic binderAcrysol SCT-275/td> Acrysol RM-2020 NPR
(Note 1)(Note 2)(Prim)(Prim)
35-5314,56137,00-323,0017,8217,58234,22-
Installed the equilibrium valueThe characteristics defined by calculation
Paint No.The viscosity Stormer (KU)Viscosity according to the method of ICI

(JV)
PHVolume (gallons)Weight (pounds)PCO (%)Volumetric content of dry matterMass dry matter contentDensity (b/Gal)
(%)(%)
35-51041,198,95100,001044,1836,9429,9643,2610,44
Contained 0,43% dispersant in terms of dry pigment and 7,43% coalescent agent, calculated on the dry polymer

Part-gloss paint for exterior works (best and good)
Paint No.Semi paints (pounds)The thickener (pounds)Water (pounds)Dye (pounds)
White pigmentFilling for external worksPVA binderGlossy acrylic binderAcrysol SCT-275Acrysol RM-2020 NPR
(Note 1)(Approx. 2)(Prim)(Note5)
35-6and389,40--530,37-15,2098,44-
35-7b383,98-85,33294,8922,4026,00217,67-
A. Best

B. Good

Installed the equilibrium valueThe characteristics defined by calculation
Paint No.The viscosity Stormer

(KU)
Viscosity according to the method of ICI

(JV)
PHVolume (gallons)Weight (pounds)PCO (%)Volumetric content of dry matterMass dry matter contentDensity (b/Gal)
(%)(%)
35-6in991,198,54100,001033,4126,0035,0046,9110,33
35-7g1021,058,20100,001030,2730,0029,9042,4310,30
century Contained 0.40% of dispersant in terms of dry pigment and 10.00% coalescent agent, calculated on the dry polymer
he Kept 0,40% dispersant in terms of dry pigment and 7,97% coalescent agent, calculated on the dry polymer

Part G-Mat for internal aabot
Paint

No.
Semi paints (pounds)The thickener (pounds)Water (pounds)Dye (pounds)
White pigmentFilling for external worksPVA binderFrosted acrylic binder
Acrysol SCT-275Acrysol RM-2020 NPR
(Note 1)(Note 2)(Prim)(Note5)
35-8and314,56280,69177,3146,0924,0020,80230,22-
35-9115,95590,0530,04-34,60-336,19-
35-10and- 496,07206,5553,6741,92-236,60162
35-11-643,9962,04-51,36-320,17162
A. Paint 35-8 and 35-10 represented the best colors are bright and saturated tones

Paint 35-9 and 35-11 was a good paint bright and saturated colors

Installed the equilibrium valueThe characteristics defined by calculation
Paint No.The viscosity StormerViscosity according to the method of ICIpHVolume (gallons)Weight (pounds)PCO (%)Volumetric content of dry matterMass dry matter contentDensity (b/Gal)
(KU)(JV)
(%)(%)
35-899 1,058,45100,001093,6750,0030,0045,8810,94
35-9840,708,50100,001106,8375,1524,9943,0811,07
35-101201,908,60100,001034,8145,0429.99 is43,3610,35
35-111081,888,80100,001077,5670,0025,0541,7410,78
In paints No. with 34-8 on 34-11 percentage of dispersant in terms of dry pigment were respectively 0.45 and of 0.48, 0.50 and 0.50%.

In paints No. with 34-8 on 34-11 percentage coalescent agent were respectively 7,53, 7,47, 7.00 and 7,00%.

Part D-satin paint for interior works
Paint No.Semi paints (pounds)Shuval (pounds)Water (pounds)Dye (pounds)
White p is gentry Filling for external worksPVA binderFrosted acrylic binder
Acrysol SCT-275Acrysol RM-2020 NPR
(Approx. 1)(Prim)(Prim)(Note5)
35-12314,56138,00319,00-24.9621,40229,76-
The paint was a superior paint bright colors

Installed the equilibrium valueThe characteristics defined by calculation
Paint No.The viscosity StormerViscosity according to the method of ICIpHVolume (gallons)Weight (pounds)PCO (%)Volumetric content of dry matter (%)Mass dry matter content (%)Density (b/Gal)
(KU) (JV)
35-12930,91of 8.37100,001047,6837,0529.99 is43,5410,48
The content of the dispersant in terms of dry pigment was 0,43%

The content of coalescence agent, calculated on the dry polymer was 7,42%

Part E-gloss kousky
Paint No.Semi paints (pounds)The thickener (pounds)Water (pounds)Dye (pounds)
White pigmentFilling for external worksPVA binderGlossy acrylic binderAcrysol SCT-275Acrysol RM-2020 NPR
(Note 1)(Prim)(Prim)(Prim)
35-13383,98-294,89 85,3322,4026,00217,67-
35-14359,89-347,58-28,8028,00255,70-
Paint No. 35-13 and 35-14 was a superior and good paint bright colors

Installed the equilibrium valueThe characteristics defined by calculation
Paint No.The viscosity Stormer

(KU)
Viscosity according to the method of ICI

(JV)
pHVolume (gallons)Weight (pounds)PCO (%)Volumetric content of dry matter (%)Mass dry matter content (%)Density (barn/gallon) (b/gal)
35-131021,058,20100,001030,2730,0129,9142,4310,30
35-141011,19of 7.90100,001019,9730,0228,0240,2210,20
In paints 35-13 and 35-14 sod is neigh dispersant in terms of dry pigment was 0.40 per cent.

In paints 35-13 and 35-14 content coalescent agent were respectively 7,97 and 7,47%.

Example 36

This example describes the preparation of white giving the hiding power of the pigment cake mix paint for use in the elastomeric material of the coating. This prefabricated paints were prepared by combining the following components.

ComponentQuantity (pounds/100 gallons)
Binder - acrylate resin (50.5% of dry matter in the TC - 16° (C) (Rhoplex® 2438 firm Rohm and Haas)177,11
Water257,90
Dispersant (Tamol® 165A - firm Rohm and Haas)49,24
Defoamer (Nopco NXZ)to 12.44
The base is ammonia (28%solution)3,94
Coalescent agent (Texanol)2,68
The rheology modifier (Acrysol® SCT-275)5,00
Pigment - titanium dioxide (Ti-Pwe R-960 - DuPont company)1292,48

This prefabricated paint was prepared using a high-speed dispersing device. United water, a dispersant, an acrylate binder, defoamer, a base and a rheology modifier, Krotkov the time was stirred at low speed and add the dry pigment. After you add all of the dry pigment mixture needed to be atomized at high speed for 15 to 20 minutes, as this is known to the person skilled in the technical field.

Ready cake mix paint had to be a total volume of 100 gallons, a total weight of 1800,80 pound, the total GST 80,00%, volumetric dry matter content 50,00%, the mass content of dry matter 76,74%, density 18,008 lb/gallon, the content of the dispersant of 0.80% on dry pigment and coalescent agent to 3.0% of dry substance latex.

Example 37

This example describes the preparation of white giving the hiding power of the pigment cake mix paint including zinc oxide, for use in the elastomeric material of the coating. This prefabricated paint prepared as described above, by combining the following components.

ComponentQuantity (pounds/100 gallons)
Binder - acrylate resin (50.5% of dry matter in the TC - 16° (C) (Rhoplex® 2438 firm Rohm and Haas)177,11
Water278,10
Dispersant (Tamol® 2001 - the company Rohm and Haas)26,99
Surfactant10,00
Defoamer (Nopco NXZ)5,00
The base is ammonia (28%solution)3,94
Coalescent agent (Texanol)2,68
The rheology modifier (Acrysol® SCT-275)5,00
The pigment is zinc oxide (XX-503, firm Zinc Corporation of America)283,26
Pigment - titanium dioxide (Ti-Pure R-706 - DuPont company)1133,50

Ready cake mix paint had to be a total volume of 100 gallons, a total weight of 1925,58 pound, the total GST 80,00%, PCO, titanium dioxide 67,90%, volumetric dry matter content 50,00%, the mass content of dry matter 78,22%, density 19,2558 lb/gallon, the content of the dispersant of 0.80% on dry pigment and coalescent agent to 3.0% of dry substance latex.

Example 38

This example describes the preparation of filling cake mix paint for use in the elastomeric material of the coating. This prefabricated paint prepared as described above, by combining the following components.

ComponentQuantity (pounds/100 gallons)
Water10,82
Dispersant (Tamol™ 731 And firm Rohm and Haas)made 13.36
Defoamer (Nopco™ NXZ)of 6.68
About the article - ammonia (28%solution)1,79
Coalescent agent (Texanol™)1,00
Binder - acrylate resin (50.5% of dry matter in the TC - 16° (C) (Rhoplex™ 2438 firm Rohm and Haas)177,11
The pigment is calcium carbonate (Duramiter™)901,50

Ready cake mix paint had to be a total volume of 100 gallons, a total weight of 1408,05 pound, the total GST 80,00%, volumetric dry matter content 50,00%, the mass content of dry matter 70,38%, density 14,0805 lb/gallon, the content of the dispersant of 0.30% on dry pigment and coalescent agent and 2.0% in the dry matter of latex.

Example 39

This example describes the preparation of acrylate binder semi-finished paint with low TC and good flexibility at low temperature. This prefabricated paint was prepared using a laboratory mixer equipped with a paddle stirrer, inclined at an angle of 45°.

ComponentQuantity (pounds/100 gallons)
Binder - acrylate resin (50.5% of dry matter in the TC - 16°)814,71
Defoamer (Nopco NXZ)1,33
The rheology modifier (Natrosol 250 HR) 5,32
The solvent is propylene glycol26,62
The base is ammonia (28%solution)2,66
Coalescent agent (Texanol)8,23
Waterthe 6.06

Ready cake mix paint had to be a total volume of 100 gallons, a total weight of 864,93 pound, volumetric dry matter content 46,00%, the mass content of dry matter 47,57%, density 8,6493 lb/gallon and content coalescent agent and 2.0% in the dry matter of latex.

Example 40

This example describes the preparation of a styrene-acrylate binder semi-finished paint with the TS mid-range and flexibility at low temperatures only up to -5°C. This semi-finished paint was prepared using a laboratory mixer equipped with a paddle stirrer, inclined at an angle of 45°.

ComponentQuantity (pounds/100 gallons)
The binder is a styrene - acrylate resin (55,0% dry matter when the TC - 5° (C) (Rhoplex® 2019R firm Rohm and Haas)803,91
Defoamer (Nopco NXZ)1,33
The rheology modifier (Natrosol 250 HR)5,32
The solvent is about jingleball 26,62
The base is ammonia (28%solution)2,66
Coalescent agent (Texanol)8,84
Water10,99

Ready cake mix paint had to be a total volume of 100 gallons, a total weight of 859,69 pound, volumetric dry matter content 50,00%, the mass content of dry matter 51,43%, density 8,5969 lb/gallon and content coalescent agent and 2.0% in the dry matter of latex.

Example 41

This example describes the preparation of 100%acrylic binder semi-finished paint with high TC (14°) and poor flexibility at low temperature. This prefabricated paint was prepared using a laboratory mixer equipped with a paddle stirrer, inclined at an angle of 45°.

ComponentQuantity (pounds/100 gallons)
Binder - acrylate resin (53.5% of the dry matter at TC 14° (C) (MultilobeTM200 firm Rohm and Haas)822,40
Defoamer (Nopco NXZ)1,33
The rheology modifier (Natrosol 250 HR)5,32
The solvent is propylene glycol26,62
The base is ammonia (2%solution) 2,66
Coalescent agent (Texanol)26,40
Water0,36

Ready cake mix paint had to be a total volume of 100 gallons, a total weight of 885,11 pound, volumetric dry matter content 47,00%, the mass content of dry matter 49,71%, density 8,8511 lb/gallon and content coalescent agent of 6.0% on dry substance of latex.

Example 42

This example describes the preparation of 11 elastomeric compositions for wall coatings of variable quality and resistance to mold, using different combinations of white pigment semi inks of examples 36 and 37, the filling of semi-finished inks from example 38 and a binder semi inks of examples 39, 40 and 41. Paints were prepared by adding a white pigment cake mix paint and filling prefabricated paint binder in the semi-paints and thorough mixing.

Semi paints were mixed together in the amounts indicated below (table 1). All bulk quantities are in pounds, the total amount of each material elastomeric coating was 100 gallons, volumetric content of dry matter was brought to 45%.

Table 1
Weight polushariyu inks of examples
Paint363738394041WaterOnly
42-170,90,0419,8528,80,00,042,41061,9
42-20,089,3409,9528,80,00,042,41070,5
42-370,90,0657,4370,20,00,054,61153,1
42-40,089,3647,5370,20,00,054,61161,6
42-5131,70,0372,3528,80,00,042,41075,2
42-60,0165,9353,9528,80,00,042,41091,0
42-7131,70,0609,9370,20,00,0 54,61166,3
42-80,0165,9591,5370,20,00,054,61182,2
42-970,90,0419,80,0483,60,083,01057,3
42-100,089,3647,50,0338,50,083,01158,3
42-1170,90,0657,4227,50,0141,658,71014,5

The proposed GST, the content of TiO2flexibility at low temperature and quality of the finished elastomeric coatings are presented below (table 2).

Table 2
PaintPCOThe presence of ZnOGST-TiO2FlexibilityQuality
42-130no3,50°Faverage
42-230contains3,50°Faverage
42-345 no3,50°Flow
42-445contains3,50°Flow
42-530no6,50°Fhigh
42-630contains6,50°Fhigh
42-745no6,50°Faverage
42-845contains6,50°Faverage
42-930no3,520°Faverage
42-1045contains3,520°Flow
42-1145no3,540°Fsatisfactory.

The above materials elastomeric coatings showed above, a number of qualities, which are determined by the durability and flexibility at low temperatures. These examples should not be construed as limiting. So, in the hour of the activity, all pigment and filling semi paints can be prepared with binders, and binders may have a higher TC values than those which had characterised used in these examples. In addition, it does not mean that the list is filling semi paints limited, which used calcium carbonate, and also covers those examples, which could include other commonly used fillers such as clays, silica, silicates of magnesium, etc.

Materials elastomeric coatings for use on roofs can be differentiated in the same way as elastomeric coatings for walls, with two additional options that use functional fillers such as aluminum trihydrate (TGA)in order to facilitate the ability to slow down the combustion, and to improve adhesion to a special roofing substrates. The following examples are intended to illustrate operational characteristics of the respective semi-finished colors, when they are introduced into the elastomeric roofing and not restrictive purposes.

Example 43

This example describes the preparation of a white pigment cake mix paints, which were prepared by combining the following components.

ComponentQuantity (pounds/100 gallons)
Binder - acrylate resin (55,0% dry matter in the Cu - 29° (C) (Rhoplex® EC-1791 - firm Rohm and Haas)159,75
Water268,95
Dispersant (Tamol® 165A - firm Rohm and Haas)49,24
Defoamer (Nopco NXZ)to 12.44
The base is ammonia (28%solution)3,94
Coalescent agent (Texanol)2,64
The rheology modifier (Acrysol® SCT-275)10,00
Pigment - titanium dioxide (Ti-Pure R-960 - DuPont company)1292,48

This prefabricated paint was prepared using a high-speed dispersing device. United water, a dispersant, an acrylate binder, defoamer, a base and a rheology modifier, briefly stirred at low speed and then add the dry pigment. After you add all of the dry pigment mixture was atomized at high speed for 15 to 20 minutes, as this is known to the person skilled in the technical field.

Ready cake mix paint had to be a total volume of 100 gallons, a total weight of 1799,45 pound, the total GST 80,00%, the volume included the eating of dry matter 50,00%, mass dry matter content of 76,71%, density 17,9956 lb/gallon, the content of the dispersant of 0.80% on dry pigment and coalescent agent to 3.0% of dry substance latex.

Example 44

This example describes the preparation of white giving the opacity of the semi-finished paint for use in the preparation of materials coatings which have good adhesion to asphalt roofing materials. This prefabricated paints were prepared by combining the following components.

ComponentQuantity (pounds/100 gallons)
Binder - acrylate resin (55,0% dry

substances with TC - 8° (C) (Lipacryl® MB-3640 - firm Rohm and Haas)
160,69
Water269,12
Dispersant (Tamol® 165A - firm Pohm and Haas)49,24
Defoamer (Nopco NXZ)to 12.44
The base is ammonia (28%solution)3,94
Coalescent agent (Texanol)2,65
The rheology modifier (Acrysol® SCT-275)10,00
Pigment - titanium dioxide (Ti-PureR-960 - DuPont company)1292,48

This prefabricated paint was prepared using the high-speed dispergiruyushchikh, as illustrated in example 43. Ready cake mix paint had to be a total volume of 100 gallons, a total weight of 1799,56 pound, the total GST 80,00%, volumetric dry matter content 50,00%, the mass content of dry matter 76,73%, density 17,9956 lb/gallon, the content of the dispersant of 0.80% on dry pigment and coalescent agent to 3.0% of dry solids latex. It was assumed that the semi-finished paint had to show themselves at their best in the materials of the coatings applied to the asphalt substrate.

Example 45

This example describes the preparation of white giving the opacity of the semi-finished paint including zinc oxide. This prefabricated paints were prepared by combining the following components.

ComponentQuantity (pounds/100 gallons)
Binder - acrylate resin (55,0% dry matter in the Cu - 29° (C) (Rhoplex® EC-1791 - firm Rohm and Haas)159,75
272,67
Dispersant (Tamol® 731 And firm Rohm and Haas)44,09
Surfactant (Triton® X-405 - company Union Carbide)10,00
Defoamer (Nopco NXZ)5,00
The base is ammonia (28%races the thief) 3,94
Coalescent agent (Texanol)2,64
The rheology modifier (Acrysol® SCT-275)12,00
The pigment is zinc oxide (XX-503 - firm Zinc Corporation of America)275,47
Pigment - titanium dioxide (Ti-PureR-960 - DuPont company)1102,32

Ready cake mix paint had to be a total volume of 100 gallons, a total weight of 1887,88 pound, the total GST 80,00%, PCO, titanium dioxide, 68,23%, volumetric dry matter content 50,00%, the mass content of dry matter 77,63%, density 18,8788 lb/gallon, the content of the dispersant of 0.80% on dry pigment and coalescent agent to 3.0% of dry substance latex.

Example 46

This example describes the preparation of the filling of semi-finished paint. This prefabricated paint prepared as described above, by combining the following components.

ComponentQuantity (pounds/100 gallons)
Water310,92
Dispersant (Tamol® A firm Rohm and Haas)10,82
Defoamer (Nopco NXZ)made 13.36
The base is ammonia (28%solution)of 6.68
Coalescent agent (Texanol),76
The rheology modifier (Natrosol 250 HR)2,00
Binder - acrylate resin (55,0% solids with Tc - 29° (C) (Rhoplex® EC-1791 - firm Rohm and Haas)159,75
The pigment is calcium carbonate (Duramite)901,50

Ready cake mix paint had to be a total volume of 100 gallons, a total weight of 1406,78 pound, the total GST 80,00%, volumetric dry matter content 50,00%, the mass content of dry matter 70,33%, density 14,0678 lb/gallon, the content of the dispersant of 0.30% on dry pigment and coalescent agent and 2.0% in the dry matter of latex.

Example 47

This example describes the preparation of filling cake mix paint for use in the coatings which have good adhesion to asphalt roofing materials. This prefabricated paint prepared as described above, by combining the following components.

ComponentQuantity (pounds/100 gallons)
Water310,09
Dispersant (Tamol® A firm Rohm and Haas)10,82
Defoamer (Nopco NXZ)made 13.36
The base is ammonia (28%solution)of 6.68
Coalescent agent (Texanol)1,77
The rheology modifier (Natrosol 250 HR)2,00
Binder - acrylate resin (55,0% solids with Tc - 8° (C) (Lipacryl® MB-3640 - firm Rohm and Haas)160,69
The pigment is calcium carbonate (Duramite)901,50

Ready cake mix paint had to be a total volume of 100 gallons, a total weight of 1406,90 pound, the total GST 80,00%, volumetric dry matter content 50,00%, the mass content of dry matter 70,36%, density 14,0690 lb/gallon, the content of the dispersant of 0.30% on dry pigment and coalescent agent and 2.0% in the dry matter of latex.

Example 48

This example describes the preparation of filling cake mix paint using a three-hydrate of aluminum, which tells, as you know, the ability to slow the burning. It was prepared as described above, by combining the following components.

ComponentQuantity (pounds/100 gallons)
Water311,61
Dispersant (Tamol 731 And firm Rohm and Haas)9,70
Defoamer (Nopco NXZ)made 13.36
The base is ammonia (28%solution)of 6.68
Coalescent agent (Texanol)1,76
The rheology modifier (Natrosol 250 HR)2,00
Binder - acrylate resin (55,0% solids with Tc - 29° (C) (Rhoplex® EC-1791 - firm Rohm and Haas)159,75
The pigment is aluminum trihydrate (Solem SB-432 - (firm Huber)807,94

Ready cake mix paint had to be a total volume of 100 gallons, a total weight of 1312,79 pound, the total GST 80,00%, volumetric dry matter content 50,00%, the mass content of dry matter 68,24%, density 13,1279 lb/gallon, the content of the dispersant of 0.30% on dry pigment and coalescent agent and 2.0% in the dry matter of latex.

Example 49

This example describes the preparation of acrylate binder semi-finished paint with low Tc, which should have good flexibility at low temperatures and good adhesion to a variety of roofing substrates. This prefabricated paint was prepared using a laboratory mixer equipped with a paddle stirrer, inclined at an angle of 45°.

ComponentQuantity (pounds/100 gallons)
Binder - acrylate resin (55,0% solids with Tc - 29° (C) (Rhoplex® EC-1791 - fir is and Rohm and Haas) 798,75
Defoamer (Nopco NXZ)1,33
The rheology modifier (Natrosol 250 HR)5,32
The solvent is propylene glycol26,62
The base is ammonia (28%solution)2,66
Coalescent agent (Texanol)8,79
Water16,45

Ready cake mix paint had to be a total volume of 100 gallons, a total weight of 859,93 pound, volumetric dry matter content 50,00%, the mass content of dry matter 51,09%, density 8,5993 lb/gallon and content coalescent agent and 2.0% in the dry matter of latex.

Example 50

This example describes the preparation of acrylate binder semi-finished paint with the TS mid-range, which should have good adhesion to asphalt roofing materials. This prefabricated paint was prepared using a laboratory mixer equipped with a paddle stirrer, inclined at an angle of 45°.

ComponentQuantity (pounds/100 gallons)
Binder - acrylate resin (55,0% solids with Tc - 8° (C) (Lipacryl® MB-3640 - firm Rohm and Haas)803,45
Defoamer (Nopco NXZ)1,33
The rheology modifier (Natrosol 250 HR)5,32
The solvent is propylene glycol26,62
The base is ammonia (28%solution)2,66
Coalescent agent (Texanol)8,84
Water12,29

Ready cake mix paint had to be a total volume of 100 gallons, a total weight of 860,52 pound, volumetric dry matter content 50,00%, the mass content of dry matter 51,35%, density 8,6052 lb/gallon and content coalescent agent and 2.0% in the dry matter of latex.

Example 51

This example describes the preparation of a reddish-brown pigment cake mix paint including zinc oxide. This prefabricated paint was prepared as described in example 46, a combination of the following components.

ComponentQuantity (pounds/100 gallons)
Binder - acrylate resin (55,0% solids with Tc - 29° (C) (Rhoplex® EC-1791 - firm Rohm and Haas)143,78
Water307,35
Dispersant (Tamol® A firm Rohm and Haas)30,07
Surface-active in the society (Triton® X-405 - company Union Carbide)10,00
Defoamer (Nopco NXZ)5,00
The base is ammonia (28%solution)3,94
Coalescent agent (Texanol)2,37
The rheology modifier (Acrysol® SCT-275)40,00
The pigment is zinc oxide (XX-503, firm Zinc Corporation of America)480,33
Pigment - reddish-brown iron oxide (Mapico 422)1023,06

Ready cake mix paint had to be a total volume of 100 gallons, a total weight of 2045,89 pound, the total GST 80,00%, volumetric dry matter content 45,00%, the mass content of dry matter 77,35%, density 20,4589 lb/gallon, the content of the dispersant of 0.50% on dry pigment and coalescent agent to 3.0% of dry substance latex.

Example 52

This example describes the preparation of filling cake mix paint using a crystalline silicon dioxide. It is known that kremmidiotis fillers report good durability and abrasion resistance. This prefabricated paint prepared as described above, by combining the following components.

ComponentQuantity (pounds/100 gallons)
Water296,22
Dispersant (Tamol® 731 And firm Rohm and Haas)26,54
Defoamer (Nopco NXZ)made 13.36
The base is ammonia (28%solution)of 6.68
Coalescent agent (Texanol)1,76
The thickener (Natrosol 250 HR)2,00
Binder - acrylate resin 55,0% solids with Tc - 29° (C) Rhoplex® EC-1791 - firm Rohm and Haas)159,75
Kremmidiotis filler (Silver and In)884,81

Ready cake mix paint had to be a total volume of 100 gallons, a total weight of 1391,11 pound, the total GST 80,00%, volumetric dry matter content 50,00%, the mass content of dry matter 69,92%, density 13,9111 lb/gallon, the content of the dispersant 0.75% on dry pigment and coalescent agent and 2.0% in the dry matter of latex.

Example 53

This example describes the preparation of 15 elastomeric compositions for applying roofing variable quality, flexibility, adhesion and the ability to slow the burning. The materials of the coatings were prepared using different combinations of white semi inks of examples 43, 44 and 45, non-white pigmented semi inks from example 16, filling polyfab the ikats of the paints of examples 46, 47, 48 and 52 and the connecting semi inks of examples 40, 49 and 50. Paints were prepared by adding the pigment cake mix paint and filling prefabricated paint binder in the semi-paints and thorough mixing. The number of mixed materials listed below. All bulk quantities are in pounds, and the total amount of each material elastomeric coating was 100 gallons. Volumetric content of dry matter was equal to 45%.

The mass of the semi-finished inks of examples
Paint4344455146474852404950WaterOnly
53-170,9-419,4------483,7-831057,0
53-2-87,2-409,8-----483,7-831063,7
53-370,9-65,8 ------338,6-831149,2
53-4--87,2-647,2----338,6-831156,0
53-5humidity 131.6---371,9----483,7-831070,2
53-6--161,9-354,2----483,7-831082,7
53-7humidity 131.6---609,3----338,6-831162,5
53-8--161,9-591,6----338,6-831175,0
53-970,9 -----391,4--483,7-831028,9
53-10--88,9---647,8--338,5-831158,2
53-11to 91.1---403,6---483,6--831061,2
53-12--112,1-628,7---338,5--831162,2
53-13-humidity 131.6---530,2----387,2831132,1
53-14humidity 131.6---530,2---387,2--831132,0
---179,0---548,0-368,0-761171,0
Anticipated GST, the content of TiO2flexibility at low temperature, the type of filler, the presence of a special adhesion and quality of the finished mixes for elastomeric coatings are presented in table 3.

Table 3
PaintPCOZnOGST-TiO2ColorFillerTemperature flexibilitySpecial adhesionQuality
53-130no3,5whiteCaso3-15°Fversatilityaverage
53-230contains3,5whiteCaso3-15°Fversatilityaverage
53-345no3,5whiteCaso3-15°FMegastore the ness low
53-445contains3,5whiteCaso3-15°Fversatilitylow
53-530no6,5whiteCaso3-15°Fversatilityhigh
53-630contains6,5whiteCaso3-15°Fversatilityhigh
53-745no6,5whiteCaso3-15°Fversatilityaverage
53-845contains6,5whiteCaso3-15°Fversatilityaverage
53-930no3,5whiteTGA-15°Fversatilitylow
53-1045contains3,5white TGA-15°Fversatilityaverage
53-1130no4,5whiteCaso320°Fversatilitylow
53-1245contains4,5whiteCaso320°Fthe asphaltaverage
53-1340no6,5whiteCaso320°Fto asphaltaverage
53-1440no6,5whiteCaso320°Fmixture
53-1542contains0reddish brownsilicon dioxide-15°Fversatilityaverage

The above composition for elastomeric coatings was characterized by a range of qualities, which was determined by the durability and flexibility of the coating at low temperature. To facilitate the ability of dried aircraft is s slow burning used a different filling semi-finished products paints, including semi-finished products paints prepared using dry powdered dyes and without TiO2to create colored paints. These examples should not be considered limiting. Thus, in particular, all of the pigment and the filling semi paints can be prepared with binders, and binders may have a higher TC values than those which had characterised used in this example. In addition, it does not mean that the list is filling semi paints limited, which used calcium carbonate, and also covers those examples, which could include other commonly used fillers such as clays, silica, silicates of magnesium, etc.

Example 54

This example describes the preparation of a white pigment prefabricated/pre-cooked component paint.

1,00
ComponentQuantity (pounds/100 gallons)
Water257,83
The solvent is propylene glycol50,00
Dispersant (Tamol® 731 And firm Rohm and Haas)26,71
Defoamer (Nopco NXZ)1,50
Surfactant (Triton CF-10)
Pigment - titanium dioxide (Ti-Pure R-902 - DuPont company)1335,56
The base is ammonia (28%solution)4,00
Defoamer (Nopco NXZ)1,50
The thickener Acrysol® RM-2020 NPR firm Rohm and Haas)50,00
Water93,45

United water, glycol, Defoamer, dispersant and surfactant and briefly stirred at low speed. Then add the dry pigment. After you add all of the dry pigment, and the mixture was mixed at high shear for 15 to 20 minutes, as this is known to the person skilled in the technical field.

Ready white pigment prefabricated paint/pre-prepared composition was characterized by a total volume of 100 gallons, a total weight of 1839,55 pound, the total GST 100,00%, volumetric dry matter content of 40,12%, the mass content of dry matter 72,60%, density 18,4495 lb/gallon and the content of the dispersant of 0.50% on dry pigment.

Example 55

This example describes the obtaining comprising particles of small size filling prefabricated/pre-cooked component paint.

ComponentQuantity (lb/100 Gal is new)
Binder - acrylate resin (46.5% of dry matter when Tc 17° (C) (Rhoplex® EI-2000 company Rohm and Haas)201,32
The solvent is propylene glycol5,00
Dispersant (Tamol® 731 And firm Rohm and Haas)10,42
Defoamer (Nopco NXZ)2,00
The thickener No. 1 (Attagel 50)27,96
The filler in the form of particles of small size (Minex 4)840,53
Coalescent agent (Texanol)3,28
The base is ammonia (28%solution)2,00
Water283,42
The thickener No. 2 (Acrysol® ASE-60 - firm Rohm and Haas)4,00

United water, acrylate binder, defoamer, a base and a glycol and briefly stirred at low speed. Then add the dry filler. After you add all of the dry filler and the mixture was mixed at high shear for 15 to 20 minutes, as this is known to the person skilled in the technical field.

Ready including particles of small size filling prefabricated paint/pre-prepared composition was characterized by a total volume of 100 gallons, a total weight of 1379,93 pound, the total GST 80,00%, volumetric with what uranium dry matter 50,00%, mass dry matter content of 69,72%, density 13,7993 lb/gallon, the content of the dispersant of 0.30% on dry pigment and coalescent agent to 3.50% on dry substance of latex.

Example 56

This example describes the obtaining of connecting prefabricated paint/pre-prepared composition. It was prepared using a laboratory mixer equipped with a paddle stirrer, inclined at an angle of 45°.

ComponentQuantity (pounds/100 gallons)
Binder - acrylate resin (46.5% of dry matter when TC 17° (C) (Rhoplex® EI-2000 - the company Rohm and Haas)805,28
Defoamer (Nopco NXZ)1,33
The thickener (Acrysol® ASE-60 - firm Rohm and Haas)20,00
The solvent is propylene glycol10,00
The base is ammonia (28%solution)2,66
Coalescent agent (Texanol)13,11
Water21,92

Finished packing connecting prefabricated paint/pre-prepared composition was characterized by a total volume of 100 gallons, a total weight of 874,31 pound, volumetric dry matter content 40,00%, the mass content of dry matter 42,83, density 8,7431 lb/gallon and content coalescent agent to 3.50% on dry substance of latex.

Example 57

This example describes the obtaining of connecting prefabricated paint/pre-prepared compositions for good flexibility at low temperature. It was prepared using a laboratory mixer equipped with a paddle stirrer, inclined at an angle of 45°.

ComponentQuantity (pounds/100 gallons)
Binder - acrylate resin (61% solids with Tc - 29° (C) (Rhoplex® EC-2848 - firm Rohm and Haas)584.20
Defoamer (Nopco NXZ)1,33
The thickener (Acrysol® ASE-60 - firm Rohm and Haas)20,00
The solvent is propylene glycol10,00
The base is ammonia (28%solution)2,66
Coalescent agent (Texanol)12,47
Water226,92

Ready packaging pre-prepared binders semi-finished paint had to be a total volume of 100 gallons, a total weight of 857,59 pound, volumetric dry matter content 40,00%, the mass content of dry matter 41,55%, density 8,5759 lb/gallon and staranimolinar agent to 3.50% on dry substance of latex.

Example 58

This example describes the aggregate particles of small size for use in the application of aggregate topcoat fine texture.

ComponentQuantity (pounds/100 gallons)
Sand - particles of small size (sand No. 90)2211,18

Pre-cooked aggregate packing had to be a total volume of 100 gallons, a total weight of 2211,18 pound, volumetric dry matter content of 100.00%, the mass content of dry matter 100,00% and density 22,1118 lb/gallon.

Example 59

This example describes the preparation of aggregate additive with a large particle size that cause rough texture. It was prepared with the use of the mixer tape-screw mixer.

ComponentQuantity (pounds/100 gallons)
Sand particles are large in size (sand No. 15)442,24
Sand - particles of small size (sand No. 90)1768,94

Pre-cooked aggregate additive had to be a total volume of 100 gallons, a total weight of 2211,18 pound, volumetric dry matter content of 100.00%, massofisioterapia dry matter 100,00% and density 22,1118 lb/gallon.

Example 60

This example describes the preparation of 19 aggregate finishing compositions of variable quality, brightness, color and texture. In the preparation of such different aggregate finishing materials in different ratios using different combinations of pre-cooked filling composition with particles of small size from example 55, spanning pre-prepared compositions of examples 56 and 57, the white pigment cake mix paint of example 54 and aggregate additives with large particle size of examples 58 and 59. Aggregate finishing materials were prepared by adding pre-cooked filling composition with particles of small size in the spanning pre-prepared composition, and then adding, if needed, the white pigment cake mix paint and, finally, the addition of water and aggregate additive with a large particle size. These components are thoroughly mixed using a mixer with a tape-screw mixer. The number of mixed materials listed below. All bulk quantities are in pounds, and the total volume of each aggregate surfacing material was 100 gallons. Volumetric content of dry matter was equal to 67%.

Nineteen different aggregate finishing materials were prepared using the receiving pre-prepared compositions of examples 54 through 57, and mixtures aggregate additives with large particle size, such as those described in examples 58 and 59.

td align="center"> 995,56
The mass of the semi-finished inks of examplesWaterOnly
Paint555657585954
60-164,72429,09995,560,00there is a 10.031499,40
60-241,60432,75995,5630,906,551507,11
60-36,93438,24995,5677,26of 1.341518,66
60-4180,29337,56995,560,0027,411540,82
60-5157,17341,22995,5630,9023,931548,52
60-6122,50346,7177,2618,721560,08
60-7295,86246,03995,560,0044,791582,24
60-8272,74249,69995,5630,9041,311589,94
60-9238,07255,18995,5677,2636,101601,50
60-10122,50340,08995,5677,2618,721553,45
60-1164,72429,09995,560,00there is a 10.031499,40
60-1241.60432,75995,5630,906,551507,11
60-136,93438,24995,5677,26of 1.341518,66
60-14180,29337,56 995,560,0027,411540,82
60-15157,17341,22995,5630,9023,931548,52
60-16122,50346,71995,5677,2618,721560,08
60-17295,86246,03995,560,0044,791582,24
60-18272,74249,69995,5630,9041,311589,94
60-19238,07255,18995,5677,2636,101601,50

GST, the content of TiO2an estimated brightness of color, texture and flexibility at low temperatures of the prepared compositions for aggregate finishes below.

PaintPCOGST-TiO2textureFlexibilityColorQuality
60-1 700thin40°Frichhigh
60-2701thin40°Faveragehigh
60-3702,5thin40°Fpastelhigh
60-4750thin40°Frichaverage
60-5751thin40°Faverageaverage
60-6752,5thin40°Fpastelaverage
60-7800thin40°Frichlow
60-8801thin40°Faveragelow
60-9802,5thin40°Fpastellow
60-10752,5thin° Fpastelaverage
60-11700gross40°Frichhigh
60-12701gross40°Faveragehigh
60-13702,5gross40°Fpastelhigh
60-14750gross40°Frichaverage
60-15751gross40°Faverageaverage
60-16752,5gross40°Fpastelaverage
60-17800gross40°Frichlow
60-18801gross40°Faveragelow
60-19802,5gross40°Fpastellow/td>

The above materials aggregate finishing coatings showed a number of qualities, textures and color characteristics, which depended on the GST, the content of TiO2and a ratio of sizes of particles in the filler with particles of large size. Examples of these compositions should not be considered as limiting. Thus, in particular, all filling the semi-paints/pre-prepared compositions could be obtained without binders. In addition, it does not mean that the list is filling semi-paints/pre-prepared compositions are limited to those that used nephelinites, and also covers examples of those include other commonly used fillers such as clays, silica, silicates of magnesium, calcium carbonates, etc. In filling prefabricated paint/pre-prepared composition can be added to the suspension of TiO2.

Example 61

The following semi-finished paint should provide a range of coatings for wood, including coating materials which contain giving the hiding power of the pigment (colored using pigment coating"), and coating materials which do not contain giving the hiding power of a pigment or fillers ("clear coating").

Connecting prefabricated Kraski was prepared by introducing into a vessel 7979 g binder, Rhoplex CL-104. Next, with good stirring, was added 800 g etilenpropilendienovogo ether, 240 g dipropylthiocarbamate ether and 1800 g of water.

Connecting prefabricated ink 2 was prepared by introducing into a vessel 6636 g binder, Rhoplex CL-105. Next, with good stirring, was added 800 g etilenpropilendienovogo ether, 240 g dipropylthiocarbamate ether and 1800 g of water.

Connecting prefabricated ink 3 was prepared by introducing into a vessel 760 g binder RoShield 3188. Next, with good stirring, was added 400 g etilenpropilendienovogo ether, 120 g dipropylthiocarbamate ether, 900 g of water and 100 g monocrotophos ester polypropyleneoxide Paraplex™ WP-1 (firm Rohm and Haas Company, Philadelphia, pieces Pennsylvania).

Incremental prefabricated ink 1 was prepared by combining with mixing 70 g of antifoam Tego Foamex 805, 30 g of the wax Tego Glide™ 410 (50%in solvent Dowanol DPM) (firm Tego Chemie Service), 30 g of surfactant SurfynolTM104DPM, 25 g GMSR thickener Acrysol™ RM-825 and 200 g of Michem emulsion 39235.

Titanium dioxide prefabricated paint was prepared in the Cowles mixer as follows.

GrindingWeight (pounds)Volume (gallons)
Water282,9633,90
Dispersant amol™ 73158,516,35
Surfactant Triton™ CF-102,190,25
The biocide Kathon™ LX, 1,5%2,190,26
Titanium dioxide Ti-Pure™ R-706

Dilution
1462,8043,81
Ammonia (28%solution)0,660,09
GAUP the thickener Acrysol™ RM-2020 NPR54,766,29
Only1939,64100,00

White thermosetting composition AC-1024 - used with urea-formaldehyde resin in the amount of 1973 by weight of the total composition.

These compositions can also be used as colored using pigment and a transparent coating on a chipboard, MDF, plywood, panels, reinforced with oriented fibres.

Example 62

These semi-finished products paints were prepared and used to get on metallic substrates number of coats, which seems typical as used for maintenance or initially in the process of manufacturing equipment.

The pH value was ˜8,5-9

The viscosity was equal to 90 to 110 KU

Grinding in a device of Hagman (Hegmen) to particles with sizes in the range specified for pigment in this class.

The above semi-finished colors can be combined with receive the following range of materials coatings for metals.

The compositions of semi-finished products paints (pounds/100 gallons)
ComponentTiO2prefabricated paintFilling prefabricated paint 1Filling prefabricated paint 2Filling prefabricated paint 3Connecting prefabricated paint
Ester solvent Dowanol™ DPM116,979,1598,082,2-
Water227,3302,8190,1314,3-
Dispersant TamolTM165A64,9543,97to 54.1945,64-
Surfactant Triton™ CF-106,54,45,54,6-
Antifoam Tegofoamex™ 1488the 9.76,68,36,9-
TiO2Ti-Pure™ R-7061266,4----
Talc Lo Micron™ 2610-857,5---
Caso3Albaglos™--1062,6--
Reactive pigment Halox™ COMMANDER-391 (firm Halox, nc., Hammond, PCs Indiana)---889,9-
Ammonia (15%solution)2,81,92,41,9-
Water32,5of 21.927,522,831,45
The biocide Kathon™ LX2,11,41,61,5-
GAUP the thickener Acrysol™ RM-2020 NPR56,156,156,1--
SCE thickener Natrosol™ 250 GR (4%)---58,3-
Binder Maincote™ HG-54D----754,8
Coalescent agent Texanol™----47,17
Sodium nitrite (15%)----10,48
Ammonia (15%solution)----5,24
GMSR the thickener Acrysol™ RM-8W----2,62
ProductWhite primer with a high PCOGloss whiteWhite with a faint glossThe top transparent layer with a faint glossTransparent top layer
Componentswt.%wt.%wt.%wt.%wt.%
TiO2prefabricated paintthe 10.11312,5--
Filling prefabricated paint 1of 5.4----
Filling prefabricated paint 26,1-4,22,9-
Filling prefabricated paint 310,8----
Connecting prefabricated paint57,6 8783,3to 97.1100
PCO31,8917,8213,983,37-
Volumetric content of dry matter34,6735,5635,4135,1935,02
Mass dry matter content48,3146,0144,9638,1136,78

Example 63

Line of inks for printing purposes can be made from a limited set of mixed raw materials (semi-finished products printing inks" or "semi-inks"). These semi-finished inks were prepared as follows.

Prefabricated paint 1 ("solid binder prefabricated paint") were prepared by loading the vessel 94 frequent. polymer Lucidene 370 (firm Rohm and Haas Company). With good stirring, was added 5 frequent. wax Luciwax 37 (firm Rohm and Haas Company) and 1 frequent. defoamer.

Prefabricated paint 2 (connecting with average TC prefabricated paint") were prepared by loading the vessel 94 frequent. polymer Lucidene 615 (firm Rohm and Haas Company). With good stirring, was added 5 frequent. wax Luciwax 37 (firm Rohm and Haas Company) and 1 frequent. defoamer.

Prefabricated paint 3 ("soft binder prefabricated paint") were prepared by loading the vessel 89 frequent. polymer Lucidene 605 (firm Rohm and Haas ompany has). With good stirring, was added 5 frequent. wax Luciwax 37 (firm Rohm and Haas Company), 1 part. antifoam and 5 frequent. isopropyl alcohol.

Prefabricated paint 4 ("incremental prefabricated based paint dilacerations resin") was a resin Morcryl 132 (firm Rohm and Haas Company), used in the supplied form when the dry matter content of 32% and a pH of 8.5.

Prefabricated paint 5 ("glossy incremental prefabricated paint") was a resin Morcryl 350 (firm Rohm and Haas Company), used in the supplied form when the dry matter content of 50% and a pH of 9.0.

Prefabricated paint 6 ("wax incremental prefabricated paint") was a wax Michem Lube 743 (firm Michelman, Inc.), used in the supplied form when the dry matter content of 32% and a pH of 7.

The coloring matter in the ink added with the use of pigment dispersions, such as dispersion SunFlexiverse (company Sun Chemical Co.), which was set when the dry matter content of about 40% in many colors.

This line of inks for printing presented in the table below. Each product were prepared by combining the above materials (weight expressed in grams) with good stirring. The final viscosity was controlled by making available to the necessary addition of water and/or isopropyl alcohol. When you specify the number provided to make laugh the project materials, it is possible the achievement of a number of properties of the finished product. For example, the result of applying the semi-finished paint 3 the highest concentration was improved durability of inks for printing on packages for the freezer to creasing at low temperature. The usual result of the use of prefabricated paint 4 in high concentrations in most of the printing ink was improved transfer printing machine.

Product use paint for printingConnecting prefabricated paint 1Connecting prefabricated paint 2Connecting prefabricated paint 3Incremental prefabricated paint 4Incremental prefabricated paint 5Incremental prefabricated paint 6Pigment dispersion
Paper for gift wrap55-65--10-20--25-30
Box of corrugated cardboard55-65 --10-20-4-625-30
Newsprint65-75-----30
Cardboard55-65---10-20-25-30
Label28-3328-33-10-20--25-30
Packages for the freezer--55-6510-20--25-30
Bags for Department stores--55-65-10-20-25-30
Metal foil-28-3328-33---25
Foil-28-3328-33-10-20-25-30
Products printed over General purpose-80-15-25---
Products are printed over with a high gloss35-45-35-45-20--
Waterproof products are printed over-35-4535-4510-20---
Wear-resistant products are printed on top-75-85-20-4-6-
Products are printed over with a large slip angle-80-15-25---

Information about suppliers
Product nameDescriptionProvider
Tamol™ 1124DisperserRohm and Haas Company (Philadelphia, strensall the project)
Tamol™ 1254DisperserRohm and Haas Company (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania)
Tamol™ 731DisperserRohm and Haas Company (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania)
Acrysol™ DR-3GMSR the thickener/rheology modifierRohm and Haas Company (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania)
Acrysol™ RM-2020GAUP the thickener/rheology modifierRohm and Haas Company (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania)
Acrysol™ RM-8WGAUP the thickener/modifier rheological fir propertiesRohm and Haas Company (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania)
Acrysol™ RM-825GAUP the thickener/rheology modifierRohm and Haas Company (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania)
Rhoplex™ Multilobe 200Emulsion polymer binderRohm and Haas Company(Philadelphia, Pennsylvania)
Rhoplex™ SG-10M

RES 3083
Emulsion polymer binderRohm and Haas Company (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania)
Kathon™ 1,5%Biocide Rohm and Haas Company (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania)
Triton™ CF-10SurfactantUnion Carbide Corporation (Danbury, standartised)
Foamaster™ VLAntifoamHenkel Corporation (king of Prussia, Pennsylvania)
Drewplus™ L-475AntifoamDrew Chemical Corpotation (Kearny, new Jersey)
Ti-Pure™ R-746Titanium dioxideE.I.Dupont de Nemours and Co., Inc. (Wilmington, stdelivery)
Ti-Pure™ R-706Titanium dioxideE.I.Dupont de Nemours and Co., Inc. (Wilmington, stdelivery)
Ti-Pure™ R-900Titanium dioxideE.I.Dupont de Nemours and Co., Inc. (Wilmington, stdelivery)
Ti-Pure™ R-902Titanium dioxideE.I.Dupont de Nemours and Co., Inc. (Wilmington, stdelivery)
Minex™ 4Mineral fillerInim Corp. (Dividing-Creek, new Jersey)
Optiwhite™Clay as a fillerBurgess Pigment (Sandersville,
pieces of Georgia)
Snowflake™ Calcium carbonate as a fillerEU International Imerya (Sylacauga, stelescu)
Vicron™ 15-15Calcium carbonate as a fillerPfizer (new York - new York)
Omyacarb™Calcium carbonate as a fillerSign in Proctor, stuitje)
Texanol™Coalescent agentEastman Chemical (kings Port, Strenesse)

1. Fluid imparts opacity prefabricated paint, acceptable for the preparation of odnoupakovochnye colored using pigment latex paint, in which volumetric dry solids content is from about 30 to about 70%, and the viscosity Stormer equal to from about 50 to about 250 EC, including:

(I) at least one giving the hiding power of the pigment

(II) at least one dispersant,

(III) at least one thickener and

(IV) water,

where at least one dispersant and at least one thickener compatible with at least one pigment and other components of paints.

2. Cake mix paint according to claim 1, in which the volumetric dry solids content is from about 35 to about 50%, and the viscosity Stormer Rav is from about 60 to about 150 EC.

3. Flowing white gives opacity prefabricated paint to prepare odnoupakovochnye colored using pigment latex paint, in which volumetric dry solids content is from about 30 to about 70%, the volume concentration of the pigment (GST) is from about 35 to about 100%, and the viscosity Stormer equal to from about 50 to about 250 EC, including:

(I) at least one giving the hiding power of the pigment

(II) at least one dispersant,

(III) at least one thickener,

(IV) at least one film-forming or not forming a film of a polymeric binder and

(V) water,

where at least one dispersant, at least one thickener and at least one polymeric binder compatible with at least one pigment and other components of paints and where such prefabricated paint stable to sedimentation.

4. Cake mix paint according to claim 3, volumetric dry solids content which ranges from about 35 to about 50%, GST is from about 50 to about 100%, and the viscosity Stormer equal to from about 60 to about 150 EC.

5. Cake mix paint according to claim 3, in which the polymer is adsorbed on giving the hiding power of the pigment.

6. Cake mix paint according to claim 1 or 3, which gives opaque is th pigment is a material selected from the group including titanium dioxide, zinc oxide, lead oxide, synthetic polymer pigment, and mixtures thereof.

7. Cake mix paint according to claim 1 or 3, which gives the hiding power of the pigment is retelny titanium dioxide.

8. Cake mix paint according to claim 6, in which the synthetic polymer pigment is a latex polymer with a mesh particles.

9. Cake mix paint according to claim 1 or 3, wherein the dispersant is chosen from the group comprising 2-amino-2-methyl-1-propanol; dimethylaminoethanol; potassium tripolyphosphate; trinatriyfosfat; citric acid; polyacrylic acid; the addition products of diolefin/maleic anhydride; hydrophobically modified polyacrylic acid; hydrophilic modified polyacrylic acid and its salts, and mixtures thereof.

10. Cake mix paint according to claim 1 or 3, wherein the thickener is chosen from the group comprising dilaceration or swellable in alkali emulsion, a hydrophobic modified dilaceration emulsion, hydrophobically modified ethylene oxide-urethane polymer, cellulose, hydrophobically modified cellulose, hydrophobically modified polyacrylamide thickeners, polyvinyl alcohol, colloidal silicon dioxide, attapulgite, titanates helatoobrazovatel and mixtures thereof.

11. Prefabricated cu the ski according to claim 3, in which the polymer is chosen from the group comprising acrylate, polyvinyl acetate, styrene-acrylate, styrene-butadiene, vinilacetat-acrylate, ethylene-vinilatsetatnye, vinyl acetate-uiniversity, vinyl acetate-vinylacetate, vinyl acetate-vinyl chloride-acrylate, ethylene-vinyl acetate-acrylate polymers and mixtures thereof, and in which the polymer further comprises up to about 10 wt.% in terms of the polymer chains of monomers selected from the series comprising monomers with functional groups, comonomers, and combinations thereof.

12. Cake mix paint according to claim 1 or 3, additionally containing essentially of at least one additive selected from the group comprising an acid, a base, a defoamer, a coalescent agent, co-solvent, mildewcide, biocide and antifreeze, and this additive is contained in an amount comprising less than about 10% based on the total weight of the semi-finished paint.

13. Fluid pigment filling prefabricated paint, acceptable for the preparation of odnoupakovochnye colored using pigment latex paint, including other components of paints, where the semi-finished paint consists essentially of:

(I) at least one mineral filler, which has a volumetric dry matter content of from about 30 to about 70%, PCO from about 35 to about 100% and a viscosity Stormer from about 50 to about 250 EC;

(II) at least one thickener,

(III) water and

(IV) an optional polymeric binder,

moreover, the components of this semi-finished paint mutually compatible with each other and components of the paint.

14. A set of two different mutually compatible binder semi-finished colors, acceptable for the preparation of latex paints, which includes:

(a) imparting opacity cake mix paint according to claim 1 or 3, and

(b) a latex polymer binder prefabricated paint comprising a latex polymer binder, water-based, Tc which is from about -40 to about 70°with volumetric dry matter content of from about 25 to about 70% and a viscosity according to Brookfield less than 100,000 CPS (at shear rate of 1.25 with-1;

where the components of prefabricated paint mutually compatible with each other and other components of the semi-finished product colors in this collection.

15. A set of semi-finished paint 14, in which the connecting prefabricated paint has a volumetric dry matter content of from about 30 to about 65% and a viscosity according to Brookfield from about 100 to about 50000 CPS at a shear rate of 1.25 with-1and includes, essentially, a latex polymer binder, water-based, TC which is from about -10 to when is Erno 60° C.

16. A set of semi-finished paint 14, in which the connecting prefabricated ink additionally comprises essentially at least one additive selected from the group comprising an acid, a base, a defoamer, a coalescent agent, co-solvent, mildewcide, biocide and antifreeze, and this additive is contained in an amount comprising less than about 10% based on the total weight of the semi-finished paint.

17. A set of semi-finished paint 14, in which the filling prefabricated ink additionally comprises essentially at least one additive selected from the group comprising an acid, a base, a defoamer, a coalescent agent, co-solvent, mildewcide, biocide and antifreeze, and this additive is contained in an amount comprising less than about 20%, calculated on the total weight of the semi-finished paint.

18. A different set of mutually compatible fluid semi-finished colors, enough to form at least one line of paints, including:

(I) at least one fluid imparts opacity prefabricated paint containing at least one giving the hiding power of the pigment;

(II) at least one fluid filling prefabricated paint comprising at least one filling pigment; and

(III) at least one binder floor is the brand of paint, comprising at least one latex polymeric binder;

the paint line includes two or more different colors, dried layers which essentially differ from each other in at least one distinct property, and, in addition, paint in the lines of colors, the most different from each other, characterized by at least different values of the volume concentration of the pigment, which differ from each other by at least 2%, or different values of the volumetric contents of dry matter, which differ from each other by at least 2%.

19. A set of semi-finished paint p, in which the number of semi-finished paint is from 3 to 15.

20. A set of semi-finished paint p, which gives the opacity prefabricated paint further includes at least one polymeric binder in the form of particles adsorbed on giving the hiding power of the pigment.

21. A set of semi-finished paint p, in which the filling prefabricated paint further includes at least one polymeric binder in the form of particles adsorbed on the filler.

22. The method of forming at least one line of paints, which includes the following stages:

(a) preparation of a set of different mutually compatible, fluid, semi-finished artificial leather is by p and

(b) the filing of a predetermined number of each of the semi-finished paint into containers or applicator (applicator) to form a line of paints.

23. The method according to item 22, further comprising a stage of mixing semi paints before, during or after their submission to the container.

24. The method according to item 22, further comprising a stage of mixing semi paints before or at the time of their submission to the applicator (applicator).

25. The method according to item 22, further comprising phase control viscosity of semi-finished products paints before, while or after they are already in the container.

26. The method according to item 22, further comprising a phase adjustment of viscosity of the supplied semi-finished paint before or at the time of their submission to the applicator (applicator).

27. The method according to item 22, further comprising a stage of introducing at least one additive, which improves the application or the final performance properties of the paint.

28. The method according to item 27, in which the additive is an aggregate material.

29. The method according to item 27, in which the additive is a thickener.

30. The method according to item 22, further comprising the stage of adding in semi-paints at least one dye.

31. The method according to item 22, which imparts opacity prefabricated paint additionally, the cancel at least one polymeric binder in the form of particles, absorbed giving the hiding power of the pigment.

32. The method according to item 22, in which the filling prefabricated paint further includes at least one polymeric binder in the form of particles absorbed on the pigment filler.

33. The method according to item 22, which is carried out by placement of equipment for the manufacture of paints.

34. The method according to item 22, which is carried out at the place of sale of the product.

35. The method according to item 22, which is carried out on the application site.

36. The method according to item 22, which is controlled by computer.

37. The method according to item 22, in which the number of semi-finished paint is from 4 to 15.

38. The method of forming a range of paints, and this number includes at least two lines of colors, comprising the following stages:

(a) preparation of a variety of mutually compatible fluid semi-finished colors, enough to form at least two lines of colors, this set is a set p, optionally containing:

(IV) at least one other give opacity, filling or connecting prefabricated paint selected from the group including semi-finished products paints (I), (II) and (III); and

(b) the filing of a predetermined number of each of the semi-finished paint into containers or applicator (applicato the s) for the formation of a number of colors.

39. A set of three different mutually compatible semi-fluid inks, acceptable for the preparation of latex paints, which includes:

(a) the set of semi-finished paint 14, in which the filling prefabricated paint has a volumetric dry matter content of from about 30 to about 70%, PCO from about 35 to about 100% and a viscosity Stormer from about 50 to about 250 EC; and

(b) flowing pigment filling prefabricated paint, which includes essentially:

(I) at least one mineral filler,

(II) at least one thickener,

(III) water and

(IV) optionally a polymeric binder.

40. A set of semi-finished colors on § 39, in which the filling prefabricated paint has a volumetric dry matter content of from about 35 to about 65%, PCO from about 40 to about 100% and a viscosity Stormer from about 60 to about 150 EC.

41. Line of paints prepared according to the method, which includes the following stages:

(a) preparation of a variety of mutually compatible fluid semi-finished paint p and

(b) the filing of a predetermined number of each of the semi-finished products paints in containers or applicators for forming lines of colors,

the paint line includes the two or more different colors, the dried layers which essentially differ from each other in at least one distinct property, and, in addition, paint in the lines of colors, the most different from each other, characterized by at least different values of the volume concentration of the pigment, which differ from each other by at least 2%, or different values of the volumetric contents of dry matter, which differ from each other by at least 2%.

42. A different set of mutually compatible fluid semi-finished colors, enough to form at least one line of paints that can be used as the elastomeric material coating, and this set represents the set p, in which the latex polymer binder comprising a latex polymer binder semi-finished paint (III) is characterized by TC, the value of which is less than approximately 0°C, the paint line includes two or more different colors, dried layers which essentially differ from each other in at least one distinct property, and, in addition, paint in the lines of colors, the most different from each other, characterized by at least different values of the volume concentration of the pigment, which differ from each other by at least 2%, or different values of bulk sod is Rania dry matter, differing from each other by at least 2%.

43. The method of forming at least one line of paints suitable for use as the elastomeric material of the coating, which comprises the following stages:

(a) preparation of a set of different, mutually compatible semi-fluid inks by § 42 and

(b) the filing of a predetermined number of each of the semi-finished products paints in containers or applicators for forming lines of colors,

the paint line includes two or more different colors, dried layers which essentially differ from each other in at least one distinct property, and, in addition, paint in the lines of colors, the most different from each other, characterized by at least different values of the volume concentration of the pigment, which differ from each other by at least 2%, or different values of the volumetric contents of dry matter, which differ from each other by at least 2%.

44. The method of forming a range of paints including at least two lines of paints that can be used as the elastomeric material of the coating, and this method includes the following stages:

(a) preparation kit sufficient for formation of at least two lines of paints semi paints, and e is from a set is a set in § 42, additionally contains at least one other semi-finished paint selected from the group comprising the above semi-finished products paints (I), (II) and (III); and

(b) the filing of a predetermined number of each of the semi-finished products paints in containers or applicators for the formation of a number of colors.

45. A different set of mutually compatible fluid semi-finished colors, enough to form at least one line of paints suitable for use as material nizmennogo sophisticated finishes, this set is a set p, additionally containing (IV) at least one prefabricated paints containing aggregate filler

the paint line includes two or more different colors, dried layers which essentially differ from each other in at least one distinct property, and, in addition, paint in the lines of colors, the most different from each other, characterized by at least different values of the volume concentration of the pigment, which differ from each other by at least 2%, or different values of the volumetric contents of dry matter, which differ from each other by at least 2%.

46. The method of forming at least one line of paints suitable for use as the material the material nizmennogo sophisticated finishes, moreover, this method includes the following stages:

(a) preparation of a set of different, mutually compatible, fluid nizmennyh semi paints, and this set is a set in § 45; and

(b) the filing of a predetermined number of each of the semi-finished products paints in containers or applicators for forming lines of colors,

the paint line includes two or more different colors, dried layers which essentially differ from each other in at least one distinct property, and, in addition, paint in the lines of colors, the most different from each other, characterized by at least different values of the volume concentration of the pigment, which differ from each other by at least 2%, or different values of the volumetric contents of dry matter, which differ from each other by at least 2%.

47. The method of forming a range of paints, and this number includes at least two lines of colors, which can be used as a material nizmennogo sophisticated finishes, and this method includes the following stages:

(a) preparation of a set of different, but mutually compatible, fluid nizmennyh semi-finished colors, sufficient to prepare at least two lines of colors, this set is a on the PR § 45, additionally contains

(V) at least one additional, different semi-finished paint selected from the group including semi-finished products paints (I), (II), (III) and (IV); and

(b) the filing of a predetermined number of each of the semi-finished products paints in containers or applicators for the formation of a number of colors,

the paint line includes two or more different colors, dried layers which essentially differ from each other in at least one distinct property, and, in addition, paint in the lines of colors, the most different from each other, characterized by at least different values of the volume concentration of the pigment, which differ from each other by at least 2%, or different values of the volumetric contents of dry matter, which differ from each other by at least 2%.

48. A different set of mutually compatible fluid semi-finished colors, sufficient to prepare at least one line of paints that are acceptable for use in obtaining dyed with pigment and transparent coatings, and this set includes:

(I) at least one prefabricated paint according to claims 1-3;

(II) at least two latex polymeric binder semi-finished colors, each of which is characterized in 14;

the paint line includes d is e or more different colors, the dried layers which essentially differ from each other in at least one distinct property, and, in addition, paint in the lines of colors, the most different from each other, characterized by at least different values of the volume concentration of the pigment, which differ from each other by at least 2%, or different values of the volumetric contents of dry matter, which differ from each other by at least 2%.

49. A different set of mutually compatible fluid semi-finished colors, enough to form at least one line of paints suitable for use in the printing technique, this set includes:

(I) at least one prefabricated paint containing at least one latex polymeric binder having TC from about -50 to about 10°characterized by volumetric dry matter content of from about 25 to about 70% and a viscosity according to Brookfield less than 100,000 CPS (at shear rate of 1.25 with-1;

(II) at least one prefabricated paint containing at least one latex polymeric binder having TC from about 50 to about 140°characterized by volumetric dry matter content of from about 25 to about 70% and a viscosity according to Brookfield less than 100,000 CPS (at speed ndwiga,25 -1; and

(III) optionally at least one prefabricated paint containing at least one latex polymeric binder, TC which is from about 0 to about 65°characterized by volumetric dry matter content of from about 25 to about 70% and a viscosity according to Brookfield less than 100,000 CPS (at shear rate of 1.25 with-1and the paint line includes two or more different colors, dried layers which essentially differ from each other in at least one distinct property, and, in addition, paint in the lines of colors, the most different from each other, characterized by at least different values of the volume concentration of the pigment, which differ from each other by at least 2%, or different values of the volumetric contents of dry matter, which differ from each other by at least 2%.

50. A set of semi-finished paint § 49, which further includes at least one additional semi-finished paint selected from the group comprising prefabricated paint containing at least one dilaceration resin, semi-finished paint containing at least one imparts gloss additive, semi-finished paint containing at least one wax, and at least one prefabricated paints containing at least about the well, pigmentary dispersion.

51. The method of forming at least one line of paints, which includes the following stages:

(a) preparation of a set of semi-finished paint PP, 49 or 50 and

(b) the filing of a predetermined number of each of the semi-finished products paints in containers or applicators for forming a line of paints.



 

Same patents:

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FIELD: chemistry of polymers.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to using polyurethane reactive bicomponent solvent-free composites used for preparing thermostable at temperature below 90°C and compatible with cathode protecting covers. The composite comprises the following components: (A) solvent-free polyhydroxy-component consisting of (A1) 40-100 weight % of simple polyetherpolyol with functionality index ≥ 3.5 and molecular mass 280-1000 Da, or a mixture of some such components, and also (A2) 0-60 weight % of simple polyetherpolyacrylate with from 5.0 to 15 weight % of hydroxyl groups and viscosity index from 300 to 5000 mPa x s at 23°C, and also (A3) 0-60 weight % of other hydroxyl-containing groups of compounds of molecular mass from 32 to 1000 Da and wherein the weight % sum (A1)-(A3) is 100% always, and (B) polyisocyanate component consisting of at least one organic polyisocyanate wherein the equivalent ratio NCO : OH is in the range from 0.8:1 to 1.5:1. Invention provides preparing covers with high permissible prolonged temperature loading below 90°C for protection against corrosion in simultaneous compatibility with cathode protection.

EFFECT: improved and valuable properties of systems.

74 cl, 1 tbl

FIELD: chemistry of polymers.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to using polyurethane reactive bicomponent solvent-free composites used for preparing thermostable at temperature below 90°C and compatible with cathode protecting covers. The composite comprises the following components: (A) solvent-free polyhydroxy-component consisting of (A1) 40-100 weight % of simple polyetherpolyol with functionality index ≥ 3.5 and molecular mass 280-1000 Da, or a mixture of some such components, and also (A2) 0-60 weight % of simple polyetherpolyacrylate with from 5.0 to 15 weight % of hydroxyl groups and viscosity index from 300 to 5000 mPa x s at 23°C, and also (A3) 0-60 weight % of other hydroxyl-containing groups of compounds of molecular mass from 32 to 1000 Da and wherein the weight % sum (A1)-(A3) is 100% always, and (B) polyisocyanate component consisting of at least one organic polyisocyanate wherein the equivalent ratio NCO : OH is in the range from 0.8:1 to 1.5:1. Invention provides preparing covers with high permissible prolonged temperature loading below 90°C for protection against corrosion in simultaneous compatibility with cathode protection.

EFFECT: improved and valuable properties of systems.

74 cl, 1 tbl

FIELD: paint-and-varnish industry; production of the heat-resistant paints for metallurgy.

SUBSTANCE: the invention is pertaining to field of the paint-and-varnish industry, in particular, to production of the heat-resistant paints capable to withstand the temperatures of hot metal in the steelmaking and rolling shops of metallurgical complexes. The purpose of the invention is to develop the heat-resistant paint with a capability of its application on the metals, in particular, to apply the marks on the hot metal and to withstand the temperatures of 60-300°C. The invention provides the paint ecological purity, reduction of its net cost and expenditures for its manufacture and usage. The solution of the task in view is achieved due to the fact, that the paint contains compounds based on the oxides of metal - the powdery aluminum oxide, silicon-containing substance - the soluble liquid sodium or potassium glass and water.

EFFECT: the invention ensures production of the heat-resistant paint used for applications of the marks on the metals, ensures its ecological purity, reduction of its production net cost and expenditures for its usage.

1 tbl

Polymer composition // 2277561

FIELD: polymer materials.

SUBSTANCE: invention concerns polymer composition providing reliability and long period of running repaired sections of pipelines comparable to those in defectless pipelines. Composition is constituted by, wt parts: epoxide dian resin 100; aliphatic epoxide resin 35-75; oligoether-cyclocarbonates with weight portion of cyclocarbonate groups 18 to 29, 5-40; powder filler 40-200, amine hardener 55-90, and plasticizer 7-30, said powder filler being a mixture of mineral silicate-containing powders with metallic powders at ratio between 100:4 and 100:20 and said amine hardener being a mixture of (A) and (E) products at ratio between 80:20 and 60:40. Product (A) is prepared by reacting amine (B) with salicylic acid (B) and plasticizer (D), which is oxygen-containing compound from polyol group, weight ratio (B):(C):(D) ranging from 72:1.5:26.5 to 40;9;51. Product (E) is prepared via condensation of phenol, formaldehyde, and aliphatic amine. Invention improves physico-mechanical properties of polymer composition cured at temperatures 4-5°C and 20°C such as bend strength, tensile strength, and elongation, increases adhesion for steel, reduces shrinkage, viscosity, and temperature of exothermic reaction, and also increases time of the beginning of exothermic reaction.

EFFECT: improved performance characteristics of polymer composition.

2 tbl, 9 ex

FIELD: varnish-and-paint industry.

SUBSTANCE: field of invention is water-dispersed paints based on acrylic latexes. Invention provides a water-dispersed paint containing, as film-forming substance, styrene/acrylic acid asters copolymer or styrene/acrylic acid copolymer, titanium dioxide and colored pigments, chalk or talc, polyoxyethylated alkylphenol ether, thickening agent: rarely cross-linked copolymer of butyl acrylate, methacrylic acid, and styrene or methylolacrylamide, sodium polyphosphate as dispersant, foam suppressor, preservative, 25% ammonia aqueous solution, ethylene glycol as antifreeze, water, and additionally: butyldiglycol acetate (coalescent), optical bleacher, light stabilizer, and light sensitizer, all components at specified proportions.

EFFECT: enhanced atmosphere resistance, light resistance, and stability of coloristic characteristics.

5 cl, 2 tbl

FIELD: polymer materials.

SUBSTANCE: insulating varnish for coating enameled wires contains polyester resin, titanium catalyst, and organic solvents, titanium catalyst being, in particular, tetrabutoxytitanium and organic solvents being petroleum solvent and cresol solvent recovered by treatment coal oil and consisting of phenol, o-, m-, and p-cresols, and xylenols, which has following fraction composition (by volume): up to 180°C not more than 3%, 190-205°C at least 70% and up to 210°C at least 85%.

EFFECT: lowered cost price of varnish and improved quality of finished product.

1 tbl, 9 ex

FIELD: polymer materials.

SUBSTANCE: insulating varnish for coating enameled wires contains polyesteramide resin cresol solvent, petroleum solvent, and tetrabutoxytitanium, said cresol solvent being the one recovered by treatment coal oil and consisting of phenol, o-, m-, and p-cresols, and xylenols, which has following fraction composition (by volume): up to 180°C not more than 3%, 190-205°C at least 70% and up to 210°C at least 85%.

EFFECT: lowered cost price of varnish and improved quality of finished product.

1 tbl, 9 ex

FIELD: highway engineering; highways structures and markings.

SUBSTANCE: the invention is pertaining to the field of highway engineering, mainly, to highways structures and markings, in particular, to photoluminescent material for the highways marking and to the highway structure. The invention presents the new photoluminescent material used for marking the highways traffic lanes. The photoluminescent material for the traffic lanes marking is made in the form of the paste containing: from 7 up to 95 mass % of the transparent polymeric component selected from the group consisting of the methacrylic acrylic component, the component of the type of non-saturated polyester, the epoxy component and the component of the silicone type, the photoluminescent colorant component with the average diameter of particles from 10 up to 2000 microns selected from the group composed of the material of the type of strontium aluminate and the material of the zinc sulfide type, and including at least one additional colorant component with the average diameter of the particles from 0.1 up to 40 microns selected from the group consisting of the white colorant, the yellow colorant and the orange or red colorant. At that the ratio of the mass of the photoluminescent colorant component and the mass of the additional colorant components makes of no more than 3.0. The invention also describes the highway structure containing the indicated photoluminescent material. The offered photoluminescent material for the traffic lanes marking possesses the required wear-resistance and resistance to the atmospheric effects, and also obtains the effective photoluminescence and may be used not only for the white lines, but also for the lines of various colors, and the covered with it lines are not slidable.

EFFECT: the invention ensures, that offered photoluminescent material for the traffic lanes marking is wear-resistant, resistant to the atmospheric effects, has the effective photoluminescence, may be used for making the white lines and the various colors lines and such lines are not slidable.

16 cl, 9 tbl, 13 ex

FIELD: electrochemical processes.

SUBSTANCE: object of invention is plating forming rolls designed for rolling electrode bands. Composition contains varnish KCh-0125, ammonia, 50% fluoroplastic suspension F-4D, filling compound composed of silica, ethanol, and anionic surfactant-containing technical product at their ratio 10:(0.5-15):1.0, and water.

EFFECT: enabled plating of coating showing high wear resistance and low adhesion for rolled materials.

1 tbl

FIELD: corrosion protection.

SUBSTANCE: invention is designed for use in oil and gas industry, mechanical engineering, in particular to protect internal surfaces of steel fuel tanks and mains, wherein all kinds of petroleum products or various organic solvents can be present. Composition contains 55-35 vol % pre-polymerized polyurethane based on tolylenediisocyanate and diethylene glycol, 35-55 vol % polytrifluorochloroethylene, and 5-10 vol % aluminum powder with particle size no larger than 20 μm.

EFFECT: achieved heat resistance of anticorrosive coating within a working temperature range ±50°C and protective properties of coating when surfaces are treated with steam at 150°C and pressure up to 6 atm.

2 ex

FIELD: chemistry of polymers.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to using polyurethane reactive bicomponent solvent-free composites used for preparing thermostable at temperature below 90°C and compatible with cathode protecting covers. The composite comprises the following components: (A) solvent-free polyhydroxy-component consisting of (A1) 40-100 weight % of simple polyetherpolyol with functionality index ≥ 3.5 and molecular mass 280-1000 Da, or a mixture of some such components, and also (A2) 0-60 weight % of simple polyetherpolyacrylate with from 5.0 to 15 weight % of hydroxyl groups and viscosity index from 300 to 5000 mPa x s at 23°C, and also (A3) 0-60 weight % of other hydroxyl-containing groups of compounds of molecular mass from 32 to 1000 Da and wherein the weight % sum (A1)-(A3) is 100% always, and (B) polyisocyanate component consisting of at least one organic polyisocyanate wherein the equivalent ratio NCO : OH is in the range from 0.8:1 to 1.5:1. Invention provides preparing covers with high permissible prolonged temperature loading below 90°C for protection against corrosion in simultaneous compatibility with cathode protection.

EFFECT: improved and valuable properties of systems.

74 cl, 1 tbl

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