Method for water supply from water tap with nozzle

FIELD: sanitary equipment, particularly domestic plumbing installations for fresh water or waste water.

SUBSTANCE: method involves using water tap with valve heads, discharge jet and nozzle connected to outlet end of discharge jet. The nozzle includes removable cylindrical body of non-magnetic material, namely bronze or brass, and disc with through orifices coaxially fixedly secured to lower body part. Hollow magnetic bush is arranged on the disc so that the bush is coaxial to the body. Conical spiral normally released spring is inserted in the bush and cooperates with water. The spring is made of silver or magnetic material covered with silver.

EFFECT: simplified structure, extended field of application, increased uniformity of water supply and enhanced water cleaning.

7 dwg

 

The invention relates to household plumbing operations and processes personal hygiene and can be used in the domestic environment of the residential areas in bathrooms administrative buildings, production halls, offices, and hospitals.

From the field of engineering known methods of supplying water from the water tap, which is coming out of the faucet stream is transformed into a thin stream in the form of fine sprinkling [1]. In these methods is achieved by reduction of water consumption through more efficient use of water pressure in the faucet, which is spent partly on the formation of a large number of small jets.

Known methods rationed water supply [2, 3], in which the feed water is rationed through the valve mechanism. In these methods, the nozzle on the faucet duplicate the valve, increasing the complexity of the implementation.

The closest technical solution (prototype) is a method of supplying water from the faucet with spray nozzle [4].

In this way the water in the nozzle repeatedly undergoes expansion (between the wheels) and compression (in the holes in the disks). So fine sprinkling of water with this method and change the phase state of water occur less useful water flow rate in comparison with analogues.

The disadvantages of this method are the complexity is modify the phase States of water and small functionality.

The complexity of the changes in the phase state is a complex system of cavities and channels in the nozzle, i.e. the complexity of the method.

Small functionality due to the fact that this method does not allow you to change the hygienic properties of water, does not provide a uniform flow of water from the nozzle and water treatment.

The task of the invention is to achieve the following technical results: simplify implementation, the capacity is automatically uniform water flow and large cleaning.

This problem is solved due to the fact that in the method of supplying water from the faucet with showerhead use water faucet with valve heads, a drain pipe on the output end of which is secured a nozzle that includes a removable cylindrical body of amagnitude material - bronze or brass and the disk with the hole, is fixed on the lower part of the housing coaxially him, which is coaxial to the hollow body is equipped with a magnetic sleeve, inside which the disk coaxially to the casing equipped with a conical spiral normally decompressed interacting with supplied water spring, made from silver or plated with silver like material - steel.

The essence of the proposed subramaniapuram drawings, where figures 1-7 shows the schematic device that implements the claimed method.

Figure 1 shows a General view of modern faucet; figure 2 shows the slit nozzle with low pressure water; figure 3, 4, 5 variants of the cross-section of ion-exchange element; figure 6 shows a cross-section of the nozzle at a higher pressure water; 7 shows a flow chart of the method.

A device that implements the method consists of the faucet with valve heads 1 and 2, with the drain pipe 3, at the output end of which is rigidly fixed nozzle 4 (Fig 1). Attachment 4 (figure 1) includes a removable cylindrical body 5 (2) of amagnitude material (for example, bronze or brass), which is fixedly mounted on the pipe 3, for example by screws (in the drawings are not marked). Inside the housing 5, at its lower part, laid motionless, coaxial to the housing 5, a circular disk 6 through the drain holes (in the drawings are not marked). On disc 6, coaxial with the casing 5 are hollow sleeve 7 of magnetic material. Inside the sleeve 7 to the disk 6 is installed coaxially to the housing 5 of the conical spiral normally uncompressed spring 8. The spring 8 is made of any of a noble material, such as silver, or of like material (e.g. steel), coated with silver 9, and the coils of the spring 8 is made all the (3), rectangular (figure 4) or other non-linear profile, such as teardrop-shaped (figure 5) in the section.

The method is implemented as follows.

When opening valves 1, 2 faucet water through the pipe 3 enters the nozzle 4, flows inside the housing 5 between the coils of the spring 8 and flows through the through hole in the disk 6.

Acting on the spring 8 water, depending on pressure, less (2) or more (6) the degree to which compresses the spring 8. With increasing water pressure spring 8 is compressed, the gaps between the coils is reduced, increasing the resistance to its movement. Thus, increasing the water pressure in the nozzle 4, and the water flow from the nozzle is not changed.

The flow of water in a constant magnetic field M of the magnetic sleeve 7 (7) accompanied by magnetised.

The flow of water from a tap, even with her weak pressure is accompanied by turbulence and pressure pulsations. This is due to the difference in water pressure on opposite sides of the gate.

On one side of the valve (1, 2) high line pressure, and when it is opened in its bore hole for water turbulent and pulsating [5]. This surge of water velocity and pressure is transmitted to the flow of water from the valve to the spring 8. Pressure pulsations and speed of the water makes the process of compression and wound springs 8 (7) is cyclic. The spring 8 at the drop of water continuously moves from a state of normal decompressed 8A (7) in a compressed condition 8B (7) when you open the valve (1, 2, figure 1).

Phase changes of water in the nozzle occur as follows.

Water as a substance only in molecular form, can exist simultaneously in three phases (liquid, ice, vapor) and, in addition, as a mixture of atoms of oxygen and hydrogen at temperatures above 1000 deg. Celsius (kN. Glinka D., General chemistry, Chapter VII, "Water and solutions", L.: Chemistry, 1983, s-213). In addition, in the normal form (flowing through taps) water is a solution of gases contained in air, i.e. an aqueous solution of air.

Normal conditions, water flow through the water faucet is higher than 0 deg. Celsius temperature that is higher than the atmospheric (and beating) the pressure inside the flow due to turbulence.

Pressure pulsations compress and open the spring 8 in the attachment.

Continuous compression, radiatia spring 8 in the magnetic field M of the sleeve 7 when the flow of water through the nozzle is accompanied simultaneously:

1. The compression and rarefaction of the volume of water inside the spring 8, and between its coils. When the discharge of water is allocated and steam, and the air in the form of small bubbles.

2. The heating coils of the spring 8 when the flow of electric current, and mechanical elastic deformation of the spring (due to internal friction in her material). When heated, the additionally allocated micro-bubbles of air from its water solution is.

A vapor mixture of micro bubbles continuously saturates the flow of water in the liquid phase, gaseous phase, turning the normally liquid phase water in the nozzle in the liquid-gas emulsion.

Thus, in the present method the phase state of water changes, not at the exit of the nozzle, and inside it, creating a significantly higher activity of water in its liquid-gas mixture. In addition, the saturation of the liquid-gas mixture of water with silver ions is carried out continuously in the process of its flow and increases the concentration of water solution with air.

As a consequence, the water at the outlet of the nozzle contains not only the air bubbles released during the discharge of its pressure at the exit of the holes (as in the prototype), but also micro-bubbles of vapor mixture (water molecules which contain silver ions, and electric and magnetic charges)formed inside the nozzle by the interaction of water flow cyclically compressing and rationalise in the magnetic force lines M of the spring 8. Water molecules escaping from the nozzle, not only contain silver ions, and magnetic and electric charges.

Shrinking and rasimas, the spring 8 crosses the magnetic lines of force M sleeve 7 (7), and creates the effect of a conductor moving in a magnetic field. In the coils of the spring 8 occurs EMF flows through the pulse is the dominant current, which creates a pulsating electric field. The coils of the spring to form the likeness of the inductor. The current in the coils of the spring 8 when the pressure of rasathi creates the magnetic induction and the magnetic field of the spring 8. Due to the pulsating nature of the deformation of the spring 8, an electrical current in it, and hence the magnetic field of the springs are pulsating, i.e. an alternating electromagnetic field.

Water, being a poor conductor, flowing the coils of the spring 8, captures silver ions. Pulsating electromagnetic field of a spring 8 and a weak electric current in its coils contribute to the ionization of the coating 9, increasing return water of silver ions.

Thus, the achieved technical results delivered in the claimed method of the task.

Compression-resgate spring changes the water pressure in the nozzle, thus decreasing-increasing gaps between the coils (respectively increasing-reducing resistance to its flow through the gaps and makes a constant flow of water from the nozzle.

Compression-rasathi spring within the constant magnetic field in the flow of water there is an alternating electric current in its coils and alternating electromagnetic field inside the flow of water. This increases the mass of the captured water of silver ions from the surface of the coils of the spring. Silver ions are trapped in water due Proc. of the deposits on the surface of the coils.

When the flow of water in a constant magnetic field nozzles water magnetivity.

Due to the above greatly expand the functionality of the proposed method in comparison with analogues and prototype.

Water supplied in this way, it becomes minichannel, antibacterial and contains weak electric charges, i.e. activated.

Realized how much easier analogs and prototypes, because its implementation involves all three elements (excluding the housing 5 of the nozzle 4), namely: 6 disc, a magnetic sleeve 7 and the spring 8 (figure 2).

In the prototype there are five: disc 6 (figure 2 prototype), the washer 8, the ring 9, the sealing ring 10 and the support ring 11.

The inventive method is much more cleaning power in comparison with analogues and prototype.

Actually - magnetic or like impurities deposited on the surface of the magnetic sleeve 7 (2, 6). Other impurities deposited on the surface of the coils of the spring 8 when you wrap them with water. The area of this surface is 5-10 times higher than the area of the inner hole 7 (for details 6, 8, 9, 10, 11, 2, in the prototype).

In addition to the above, the claimed technical solution can be used in crop production, animal husbandry, Microbiology, and medicine.

Sources of information

1. Tips for melodic arsnova sprinkling. Overview, VIP, Ministry of melioration and water economy of the USSR, 1978, p.4, 8-18.

2. Gavrilov. Economical nozzle, W. "The inventor and Rationalizer", 1990, No. 4, p.15.

3. USSR author's certificate No. 1818491, E 03 1/04, 1993

4. Patent of Russia No. 2155255 C2, E 03 1/04, publ. 27.08.2000

M. Jaworski and All. The Handbook of physics. M.: Nauka, 1964, page 323, item 8.

The method of supplying water from the water tap with a nozzle, characterized in that use water faucet with valve heads, a drain pipe on the output end of which is secured a nozzle that includes a removable cylindrical body of amagnitude material - bronze or brass and the disk with the hole, is fixed on the lower part of the housing coaxially him, which is coaxial to the hollow body is equipped with a magnetic sleeve, inside which the disk coaxially with the casing equipped with a conical spiral normally decompressed interacting with supplied water spring, made from silver or plated with silver like material - steel.



 

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2 cl, 3 tbl

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SUBSTANCE: the invention is pertaining to the method of the sorption decontamination of waters from the radioactive impurities. The method of decontamination of the water from radiostrontium includes the treatment of the water with a sorbent based on the burned bauxite ore. At that the ore is burned together with calcium -magnesium lime - CaCO3·MgCO3 and sodium soda salt - Na2CO3 at the temperature of no less than 1200°C and flushed with the water to remove the solvable sodium compounds. It is preferable, that the mixture of the bauxite ore is subjected to burning with calcium-magnesium lime and sodium soda salt in the mass ratio of 1 : 0.55-0.60 : 0.055-0.060. The method ensures an increased effectiveness of removal of the radiostrontium at usage of the initial bauxite ore without lowering of effectiveness of the water decontamination from radiocesium, and also allows to reduce considerably the amount of the spent sorbents, which are subjected to disposal.

EFFECT: the invention ensures an increased effectiveness of removal of radiostrontium from the water at usage of the initial bauxite ore without lowering of effectiveness of the water decontamination from radiocesium, allows to reduce considerably the amount of the spent sorbents, which are subjected to disposal.

2 cl, 10 ex

FIELD: ecology.

SUBSTANCE: sorbent is produced during alkali processing of hydrolysis lignin with splitting of hard admixture particles, and neutralization of hydrolysis lignin suspension, which is then subjected to crushing, then crushed suspension is filtered to precipitation moisture level no more than 70%, received precipitation is sent for granulation, after that granules are sent for drying until moisture level of no more than 8% is reached, then these are subjected to milling down to particle sizes no more than 5 millimeters and final product is produced with varying granule-metric composition in form of non-fractioned powder with particle sizes no more than 1-5 millimeters, low-dispersion powder with particle sizes less than 1 millimeters, while final product is characterized by oil-absorbing capacity ranging from 300 to 600% and by time need to absorb polluting agent from surface ranging from 15 to 30 seconds. Method for collecting oil and oil products includes applying produced sorbent to polluted surface in form of non-fractioned powder and/or low-dispersion powder and/or granules with specific flow of sorbent on hard surface equal to about 80% of oil or oil products volume and on water surface up to 20%.

EFFECT: production of sorbent for cleaning surface of oil and oil products, having increased oil-absorbing capacity during little time in contact with polluted surface.

3 cl, 10 tbl

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